Ielts practice speaking part 3

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Ielts Speaking PART III – QUESTION TYPES Comparing and Contrasting State how different it was • It's a whole new ball game these days • nowadays bears no relation to the past • these days is worlds apart from the past • It was a radically different world (state time) • It was considerable/significantly/refreshingly/strikingly different (state time) • Today's is a far cry from the past • It was slightly/subtly different (state time) "Well obviously there are a number of clear differences However, I guess that the most significant would be that For example, Whereas in contrast, In addition to this, another possible distinction might be that ; While on the other hand, " Predicting "What will houses be like in the future?" READ MORE ON PAGE 3 Reason/Causes "In my opinion I guess I would have to say that there are probably a number of factors involved Primarily, one key motivation would be because As well as this a subsequent incentive might be because " Advantages "Well I suppose that there are quite a few clear benefits, but I would probably say that for the most part, the one thing that really stands out is that I guess that another obvious plus point is that Along with this, a further merit is that " Disadvantages "I think it's fair to say that there are a few negative aspects I suppose the most unfavourable quality might be that This is a clear limitation because At the same time, another stumbling block might be that and this can be a hassle because " Causes and Effects "It's universally accepted that there are a few hazards involved with Essentially, one fundamental concern is probably that This fact is unmistakably perturbing because Additionally, another major cause for concern has to be the fact that And the underlying repercussions of this are that " Solutions/Suggestions "In my view, there are a number of actions that could be taken When dealing with the first problem, the easiest way to work it out would be to Taking on the second problem, the most successful way to confront this would be to In fact, " Other How + adj • • • • • • How important is ? How much influence does have? How effective is ? How serious is the problem of ? How concerned/worried are you about ? How noticeable is the problem of ? Agree/Disagre e Do/ Would you agree that ? Do you think that ? State the degree with an adverb of intensity • Highly/ deeply/ incredibly/ unbelievably/ remarkably/ exceptionally/ awfully/ terribly/ dreadfully • Fairly/ pretty/ quite/ moderately/ rather/ somewhat/ reasonably State a general opinion • In my opinion, • Personally, I feel • I strongly believe • • • I'm of the opinion that If you ask me To the best of my knowledge Predicting "What will houses be like in the future?" Now ask yourself: "Why is the examiner asking me this question?" The answer is simple: "The examiner is testing my ability to use future prediction structures." The following answer is quite common for this type of question: I think that in the future, houses will be much bigger, and maybe they will be in some strange places such as on the moon or under the sea The answer above directly answers the question with acceptable "predictions" However the language used to present these predictions is very basic Now look at the next answer to the same question: Certainly, I’m sure that most people would agree that there will be a number of major changes related to this Initially, I guess that we might begin to see houses that are much bigger At the same time, I suppose it's quite probable that we may have houses under the sea And who knows, it could even be possible that we'll see the arrival of houses on the moon The content of this answer is basically the same as the answer but the language used is much more complex The answer lists different predictions and each prediction is presented with a different future structure: • I guess that we might begin to see… • I suppose it's quite probable that we may have • who knows, it could even be possible that we’ll see Now you will build your own "predicting answer structure” Begin with an opening linking phrase: • • • • Certainly, I’m sure that most people would agree that there will be a number of major changes related to this I'm sure that in years to come we will see a number of changes related to this I reckon that in the not so distant future there are going to be a few imminent changes with regard to I imagine that in the near future, we will witness some major changes with regard to Introduce your first prediction • • • • Initially, I guess that we might begin to see To begin with, I'd predict that we will most likely have Primarily, it looks quite probable that we are going to have First of all, I would envisage that we are going to have Use a sentence to describe your first prediction (Try to use basic future tenses when giving details.) Try to develop the sentence with a basic linking word Initially, I guess that we might begin to see houses that are made of plastic materials because these will be much cheaper and easier to construct Now introduce your second prediction • At the same time, I suppose it’s quite probable that we may have • As well as this, some people claim that we will probably start to see… • On top of this, I imagine it's quite likely that we will soon have • Likewise, I would imagine that we may even be able to see Use a sentence to describe your second prediction (Try to use basic future tenses when giving details.) Try to develop the sentence with a basic linking word At the same time, I suppose quite probable that we may have houses that are controlled by computer because this will make home life much easier Now introduce your third prediction It is not always possible to make realistic predictions, so you can make your final one quite unrealistic • And who knows, it could even be possible that we’ll see the arrival of • And you never know, it could even transpire that we’ll have • And I know a bit of a crazy thought, but one day we may even have • And who knows, there’s even a chance that we will have It is probably not necessary to develop your last prediction, but if you can add a detail use a basic future tense Practise your prediction structure with the following questions: • What will schools be like in the future? • What will restaurants be like in the future? • What types of people will become famous in the future? • What will shops / shopping habits be like in the future? • What will public transport be like in the future? • What types of hobbies will become popular in the future? • What types of trips / holidays will people take in the future? • What will cars be like in the future? • What will TV programmes be like in the future? • What kinds of gifts will people gave in the future? • What kinds of skills will became important in the future? • What new inventions you think we will see in the future? • What environmental problems will we see in the future? • Do you think we will see any changes in the weather in the future? • Do you think we will read books in different ways in the future? • Do you think we will get news in different ways in the future? It is important to remember that some of these prediction questions are quite difficult in their content It is not always easy to think about the future As a basic guideline the following changes should be useful for these topics: • Changes in variety (There will be a wider variety.) • Changes in price (Things will become cheaper or more expensive.) • Changes in size, materials or appearance • Changes in location • Changes in form (Things will become Internet based / There will be electronic versions.) ... I suppose that there are quite a few clear benefits, but I would probably say that for the most part, the one thing that really stands out is that I guess that another obvious plus point is that
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