Grammar and writing practice book grade 4 SE 180p

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Because of Winn-Dixie Name DEVELOP THE CONCEPT PROOFREAD Declarative and Interrogative Sentences A sentence is a group of words that expresses a complete thought A sentence begins with a capital letter A sentence that tells something is a declarative sentence A declarative sentence ends with a period A sentence that asks a question is an interrogative sentence An interrogative sentence ends with a question mark Declarative Sentence Florida was once a wild place Interrogative Sentence Have you ever seen a bear? Directions Read each sentence and add the correct end punctuation Then write whether each sentence is declarative or interrogative In the old days, many people lived on farms Wild animals roamed through the forests Were the woods full of bears in those days Directions Change each sentence to the kind named in ( ) Write the new sentence Grandpa likes telling stories (interrogative) © Pearson Education Are his stories always true? (declarative) Home Activity Your child learned about declarative and interrogative sentences Have your child write two declarative and two interrogative sentences about something he or she did today Grammar and Writing Practice Book 14625_001-004_FSD Unit Week Day 2/25/05 4:33:14 PM Because of Winn-Dixie Name APPLY TO WRITING Declarative and Interrogative Sentences Directions Read the interrogative sentences Then use your own ideas to write a declarative sentence that answers each question Question Why is it hard to move to a new place? Answer Question Where would be a good place to make new friends? Answer Question What kind of pet might make a good friend? Answer Question: What is a good way to make friends? Answer Directions Read the answers in the interview with Opal from Because of Winn-Dixie Then write the questions you think she might be answering Question Answer At first I felt really lonely Question Answer No, I didn’t know anyone Answer I spent a lot of time in the library © Pearson Education Question Home Activity Your child learned how to use declarative and interrogative sentences in writing Have your child ask a member of the family three questions and write down the questions and answers in interview form Unit Week Day 14625_001-004_FSD Grammar and Writing Practice Book 2/25/05 4:33:15 PM Because of Winn-Dixie Name TESTPROOFREAD PREPARATION Declarative and Interrogative Sentences Directions For each item, mark the letter of the word or the word and punctuation mark that complete each sentence You have to be quiet in a A library B library? C library D Library Do you like adventure A stories B stories C stories? D Stories many books did you get? A Who B how C How? D How get a library card? A Can I B I can C I can? D can I Directions For each item, mark the letter of the declarative or interrogative sentence that is correctly written A Why is his name Winn-Dixie B Isn’t that the name of a store C It’s a funny name for a dog D Does he know his name A Our dog can shake hands B Does he come when you call C can he catch a ball? D I’m teaching him to sit A Was your dog a stray? B a stray has no home C Can I adopt one D Where did he come from A The pound has many animals B Are they all puppies C Would you like one as a pet? D some ran away from home? 10 A Dogs are fun B They make good friends C Dogs are part of the family? D you have a dog? © Pearson Education A Are pets allowed in the library B I’ll leave my dog outside? C he is very well behaved D Do I hear him barking? Home Activity Your child prepared for taking tests on declarative and interrogative sentences Say declarative or interrogative and have your child say a sentence of the correct kind Grammar and Writing Practice Book 14625_001-004_FSD Unit Week Day 2/25/05 4:33:16 PM Because of Winn-Dixie Name CUMULATIVE REVIEW Declarative and Interrogative Sentences Directions Write D if the sentence is declarative Write I if the sentence is interrogative Opal loved to visit the library What did her dog do? Did Opal have any friends? She made friends with the librarian Directions Make each word group into a sentence by writing it with correct capitalization and punctuation Write D if the sentence is declarative Write I if the sentence is interrogative a bear once visited the library it walked through the open door what did the librarian would you have run away Directions Change each sentence to the kind named in ( ) Write the new sentence The dog looks like a bear (interrogative) 10 Are bears dangerous? (declarative) © Pearson Education 11 An amazing story is called a tall tale (interrogative) 12 Did the librarian tell a tall tale? (declarative) Home Activity Your child reviewed declarative and interrogative sentences Read a newspaper article together Have your child identify declarative and interrogative sentences in the article Unit Week Day 14625_001-004_FSD Grammar and Writing Practice Book 2/25/05 4:33:16 PM Lewis and Clark and Me Name DEVELOP THE CONCEPT PROOFREAD Imperative and Exclamatory Sentences An imperative sentence gives a command or makes a request It usually begins with a verb and ends with a period The subject (you) is not shown An exclamatory sentence shows strong feeling or surprise It ends with an exclamation mark An interjection also shows strong feeling and ends with an exclamation mark An interjection is a word or group of words, not a complete sentence Imperative Sentence Lie down and stay Exclamatory Sentences That is a gorgeous dog! What big paws he has! Interjections Wow! Ouch! Hurray! Oh, no! Directions Read each sentence Write C if the end punctuation is correct Write NC if the end punctuation is not correct Show me your book about Lewis and Clark What an incredible journey they took Please read me the paper you wrote about their expedition! That dog was amazing! I can’t believe the number of squirrels it caught © Pearson Education Directions Write a word or phrase that will make these sentences the kind named in ( ) me the Missouri River on the map (imperative) a long river it is! (exclamatory) why Lewis and Clark went on their expedition (imperative) proud they must have been when they finished! (exclamatory) 10 forget to finish reading your book on Lewis and Clark (imperative) Home Activity Your child learned about imperative and exclamatory sentences With your child, listen to a favorite television show and have your child identify examples of imperative and exclamatory sentences Grammar and Writing Practice Book 14625_005-008_FSD Unit Week Day 2/25/05 4:34:33 PM Lewis and Clark and Me Name APPLY TO WRITING Imperative and Exclamatory Sentences Directions Write an imperative sentence and an exclamatory sentence for each event going on a river trip imperative: exclamatory: meeting a dog imperative: exclamatory: looking at a map of the United States imperative: exclamatory: Directions Imagine that you are on a trip and you are writing a letter to a friend Write one imperative sentence and one exclamatory sentence that you might include in the letter imperative: © Pearson Education exclamatory: Home Activity Your child learned how to use imperative and exclamatory sentences in writing Have your child write something he or she was told to that day as an imperative sentence Ask your child what was exciting or interesting about the day Have him or her write that as an exclamatory sentence Unit Week Day 14625_005-008_FSD Grammar and Writing Practice Book 2/25/05 4:34:34 PM Lewis and Clark and Me Name TESTPROOFREAD PREPARATION Imperative and Exclamatory Sentences Directions For each item, mark the letter of the answer that best completes the type of sentence in ( ) I love the way this story is told by _ (exclamatory) A a dog B a dog? C a dog D a dog! What an incredible adventure _ (exclamatory) A that was! B will we have C would you like to go on! D is that? _ the picture of Seaman swimming (imperative) A Is that B I like C Show me D What is _ that page again (imperative) A Are we reading B Please read C Will you read D How exciting to read Directions For each item, mark the letter of the imperative or exclamatory sentence that is correctly written A Tell me about Sacagawea! B She was incredibly young! C Show me her picture! D That’s an amazing story? A Go get those squirrels B Bring them back to the boat C Wow! They taste wonderful D Give the dog some? A Explain who York was B It’s terrible that he was a slave? C What a brave man he was D Find out more about him! © Pearson Education A Fetch, Seaman? B Please sell me your dog! C Tell me his name D That’s a great trick Home Activity Your child prepared for taking tests on imperative and exclamatory sentences Ask your child to write an example of each kind of sentence and to explain what makes it imperative or exclamatory Grammar and Writing Practice Book 14625_005-008_FSD Unit Week Day 2/25/05 4:34:35 PM Lewis and Clark and Me Name CUMULATIVE REVIEW Imperative and Exclamatory Sentences Directions Write E if the sentence is exclamatory Write I if the sentence is imperative Don’t let the dog jump into the river Lend me a hand with this boat We’ve got to save the missing people! Make sure you keep away from the shore Seaman is a hero! Directions Make each word group into an imperative or exclamatory sentence by writing it with correct capitalization and punctuation Identify imperative sentences with I and exclamatory sentences with E make room in the boat what a crowd there was on the wharf ask sacagawea which of these plants we should eat those plants will poison you 10 give me that dog for these beaver skins Directions Write the type of sentence named in ( ) for each event 11 leading a camping trip (imperative) © Pearson Education 12 sailing on the Missouri River (exclamation) Home Activity Your child reviewed imperative and exclamatory sentences Have your child find examples of imperative and exclamatory sentences in magazines, instructions, or other printed materials in your home Unit Week Day 14625_005-008_FSD Grammar and Writing Practice Book 2/25/05 4:34:35 PM Grandfather’s Journey Name DEVELOP THE CONCEPT PROOFREAD Subjects and Predicates Every sentence has a subject and a predicate The subject is the part of the sentence that tells whom or what the sentence is about All the words in the subject are called the complete subject The simple subject is the most important word in the complete subject A simple subject can be more than one word, as in United States Complete Subject The mountains in America reminded him of home Simple Subject The mountains in America reminded him of home The predicate is the part of the sentence that tells what the subject is or does All the words in the predicate are called the complete predicate The simple predicate, or verb, is the most important word in the complete predicate A simple predicate can be more than one word, as in was going Complete Predicate The mountains in America reminded him of home Simple Predicate The mountains in America reminded him of home A compound subject is made up of two or more simple subjects A compound predicate is made up of two or more simple predicates Compound Subject The forests and deserts amazed him Compound Predicate He traveled and worked in the United States Directions Look at the letters after each sentence Circle the complete subject when you see CS, the simple subject when you see SS, the complete predicate when you see CP, and the simple predicate when you see SP The United States is home to millions of people from overseas CP This nation was founded by immigrants SP © Pearson Education Many of the newcomers are from Asia CS Some become U.S citizens SS More people are arriving every day SP Home Activity Your child learned about subjects and predicates Ask your child to find sentences in a newspaper or magazine Have him or her identify the simple subject and simple predicate in each sentence Grammar and Writing Practice Book 14625_009-012_FSD Unit Week Day 2/25/05 4:37:18 PM Grandfather’s Journey Name APPLY TO WRITING Subjects and Predicates Directions Each pair below has a simple subject and a verb Add details to write an interesting sentence Then underline the complete subject once and the complete predicate twice grandfather/traveled he/met people/live mother/was born we/are learning I/will visit United States of America/is visitors/come © Pearson Education schools/teach 10 Everyone/loves Home Activity Your child learned how to use subjects and predicates in writing Have your child write a sentence describing something he or she did today Ask your child to identify the complete subject and the complete predicate of the sentence 10 Unit Week Day 14625_009-012_FSD 10 Grammar and Writing Practice Book 2/25/05 4:37:20 PM Compare and Contrast Essay WRITING WORKSHOP UNIT Name Words That Compare and Contrast Directions The words in the box signal that two things are alike or different Write two sentences that explain how your two animals are alike, using words from the box Then write two sentences that explain how your two animals are different, using words from the box Words That Signal Similarity and also too as well like Words That Signal Difference but however unlike on the other hand How the two animals are alike How the two animals are different © Pearson Education Grammar and Writing Practice Book 14625_168-171_FSD 169 Unit 169 2/25/05 5:05:22 PM WRITING WORKSHOP UNIT Compare and Contrast Essay Research Report Name Elaboration Strong Verbs Directions Replace each underlined verb with a strong verb from the box Write each new sentence barks own adopt scamper romp buy grow Many people have a dog or gerbil as a family pet Dogs need more space for exercise They move around in a yard or park, but gerbils usually are in their cage A dog knows when strangers approach However, a gerbil does not provide a warning You can get both dogs and gerbils at a pet store However, you might choose to get a dog from a local shelter 170 14625_168-171_FSD 170 Unit © Pearson Education Generally, dogs are much larger than gerbils Grammar and Writing Practice Book 2/25/05 5:05:23 PM WRITING WORKSHOP Compare and Contrast Essay UNIT Name Self-Evaluation Guide Compare and Contrast Essay Directions Think about the final draft of your compare and contrast essay Then rate yourself on a scale from to (4 is the highest) on each writing trait After you fill out the chart, answer the questions Writing Traits Focus/Ideas Organization/Paragraphs Voice Word Choice Sentences Conventions What is the best part of your compare and contrast essay? © Pearson Education Write one thing you would change about this compare and contrast essay if you had the chance to write it again Grammar and Writing Practice Book 14625_168-171_FSD 171 Unit 171 2/25/05 5:05:24 PM UNIT WRITING WORKSHOP Story Research Report Name Story Chart Directions Fill in the graphic organizer with information about your story Title Characters Setting © Pearson Education Events Solution 172 14625_172-175_FSD 172 Unit Grammar and Writing Practice Book 2/25/05 5:06:06 PM Story WRITING WORKSHOP UNIT Name Good Beginnings Make the beginning sentence of your story grab your readers’ attention Below are some different ways to write the beginning of a story Directions Write an attention-grabbing opening sentence (based on your characters, setting, and plot) using each idea You can use one of the sentences you write to begin your story Ask a question (What was that strange sound?) Use an exclamation (Eek! I heard a strange sound.) Use a sound word (Creeeaaak! The hair on the back of my neck stood up when I heard that strange sound.) Hint at the ending (I had never heard a sound like that before, but who knew that I would hear it many times again.) © Pearson Education Use alliteration (The strange scraping sounded again, and I shivered.) Make a list (Pounding heart, gasping breath, dropping stomach Yes, I had all the signs of fear.) Set the scene (The clouds blocked the moon’s light It was so dark I could not see where I was walking Somewhere to my left I heard a strange scraping sound.) Grammar and Writing Practice Book 14625_172-175_FSD 173 Unit 173 2/25/05 5:06:08 PM WRITING WORKSHOP UNIT Story Research Report Name Elaboration Avoid Repetition One way to avoid repetition is to use pronouns in place of nouns or noun phrases Directions Choose an appropriate pronoun for each underlined noun or noun phrase Write the new sentence Cassidy said Cassidy had just finished reading a great book The new teacher told the new teacher’s class that the new teacher hoped the new teacher and the class would have a great year Jason was so excited about the puppy that Jason took the puppy wherever Jason went © Pearson Education Kelly looked all over the house, but Kelly couldn’t find Kelly’s shoes 174 14625_172-175_FSD 174 Unit Grammar and Writing Practice Book 2/25/05 5:06:08 PM WRITING WORKSHOP Story UNIT Name Self-Evaluation Guide Story Directions Think about the final draft of your story Then rate yourself on a scale from to (4 is the highest) on each writing trait After you fill out the chart, answer the questions Writing Traits Focus/Ideas Organization/Paragraphs Voice Word Choice Sentences Conventions What is the best part of your story? © Pearson Education Write one thing you would change about this story if you had the chance to write it again Grammar and Writing Practice Book 14625_172-175_FSD 175 Unit 175 2/25/05 5:06:09 PM WRITING WORKSHOP UNIT Persuasive Essay Research Report Name Persuasion Chart Directions Fill in the persuasion chart with the introduction to your argument, supporting reasons, and a conclusion Introduction: State your opinion or goals First reason Second reason © Pearson Education Third reason (most important) Conclusion 176 14625_176-179_FSD 176 Unit Grammar and Writing Practice Book 2/25/05 5:06:41 PM WRITING WORKSHOP Persuasive Essay UNIT Name Persuasive Words Directions Circle the persuasive word or words in each sentence Write your own sentence using the same persuasive word or words For number 5, write a sentence with one of the unused words from the box better best worse worst Persuasive Words must should most important never necessary effective need Our class must take a trip to the top of the Sears Tower Students should have the opportunity to visit a large city and see skyscrapers The best view of the city is from the sky deck © Pearson Education The most important reason for visiting the Sears Tower is to learn more about urban architecture Grammar and Writing Practice Book 14625_176-179_FSD 177 Unit 177 2/25/05 5:06:42 PM WRITING WORKSHOP UNIT Persuasive Essay Research Report Name Elaboration Powerful Adjectives Directions Write a word from the box to complete each sentence foolish popular curious primary odorous memorable Yellowstone Park is one of the most America amazing undisturbed vacation spots in The wildlife in Yellowstone is a visit the park reason that many people You can see moose, elk, bison, bear, and an other animals However, be number of dealing with these animals Remember that they can be Respect their needs for territory Never chase or try to pet animals, even if they seem approach you Never feed them, and store campsite Remember that a and items carefully in your vacationer can get hurt 10 Keep your distance, and bring your camera to record these sights 178 14625_176-179_FSD 178 Unit © Pearson Education cautious dangerous Grammar and Writing Practice Book 2/25/05 5:06:43 PM WRITING WORKSHOP Persuasive Essay UNIT Name Self-Evaluation Guide Persuasive Essay Directions Think about the final draft of your persuasive essay Then rate yourself on a scale from to (4 is the highest) on each writing trait After you fill out the chart, answer the questions Writing Traits Focus/Ideas Organization/Paragraphs Voice Word Choice Sentences Conventions What is the best part of your persuasive essay? © Pearson Education Write one thing you would change about this persuasive essay if you had the chance to write it again Grammar and Writing Practice Book 14625_176-179_FSD 179 Unit 179 2/25/05 5:06:43 PM WRITING WORKSHOP UNIT Research Report Research Report Name K-W-L Chart Directions Fill out this K-W-L chart to help you organize your ideas Topic What I Want to Know What I Learned © Pearson Education What I Know Controlling Question 180 14625_180-183_FSD 180 Unit Grammar and Writing Practice Book 2/25/05 5:07:12 PM Research Report WRITING WORKSHOP UNIT Name Topic and Detail Sentences Directions Decide how you will organize your paragraphs Then write a topic sentence and supporting details for each paragraph Paragraph Topic Sentence Detail Sentences Paragraph Topic Sentence Detail Sentences Paragraph Topic Sentence © Pearson Education Detail Sentences Paragraph Topic Sentence Detail Sentences Grammar and Writing Practice Book 14625_180-183_FSD 181 Unit 181 2/25/05 5:07:13 PM WRITING WORKSHOP UNIT Research Report Research Report Name Elaboration Combine Sentences When you write, you can elaborate by combining short, choppy sentences into one longer sentence You can make compound sentences by joining sentences with the conjunctions and, but, and or You can make complex sentences by joining sentences with words such as when, because, and if Directions Use the words in ( ) to combine the sentences Remember to capitalize the first word of each new sentence and replace the first period with a comma (because) Dolphins are intelligent They learn quickly (and) They tricks They entertain audiences (but) Dolphins can hear well They have no sense of smell (or) See them at the aquarium You can read about them at the library 182 14625_180-183_FSD 182 Unit © Pearson Education (when) Dolphins communicate They use a sonar system Grammar and Writing Practice Book 2/25/05 5:07:14 PM WRITING WORKSHOP Research Report UNIT Name Self-Evaluation Guide Research Report Directions Think about the final draft of your research report Then rate yourself on a scale from to (4 is the highest) on each writing trait After you fill out the chart, answer the questions Writing Traits Focus/Ideas Organization/Paragraphs Voice Word Choice Sentences Conventions What is the best part of your research report? © Pearson Education Write one thing you would change about this research report if you had the chance to research or write it again Grammar and Writing Practice Book 14625_180-183_FSD 183 Unit 183 2/25/05 5:07:15 PM ... lady A - s B -ies C -s D -es near miss A -es B -es C -es’s D -s whirling rope A -s’ B -es C -s D -ies leather saddle A - s B -s C -ies D -es 10 red-hot brand A -s B -z C -es D -ez Home Activity... imperative and exclamatory sentences Grammar and Writing Practice Book 146 25_00 5-0 08_FSD Unit Week Day 2/25/05 4: 34: 33 PM Lewis and Clark and Me Name APPLY TO WRITING Imperative and Exclamatory Sentences... exclamatory sentence Unit Week Day 146 25_00 5-0 08_FSD Grammar and Writing Practice Book 2/25/05 4: 34: 34 PM Lewis and Clark and Me Name TESTPROOFREAD PREPARATION Imperative and Exclamatory Sentences
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