4 1 1 check out the library (social studies)

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Check Out the Library by Kate Johanns H O UG H T O N MIF F L IN Check Out the Library by Kate Johanns ILLUSTRATION CREDIT: Anthology, Inc PHOTOGRAPHY CREDITS: Cover © David Young-Wolff; © Digital Vision Lt./SuperStock; © BananaStock/Alamy; © David Young-Wolff; © Photodisc Inc; © Digital Vision Ltd./SuperStock; © Culver Pictures; Inc./SuperStock; © Photodisc Inc; 10 © Estelle Klawitter/zefa/CORBIS; 11 © Wally Bauman/Alamy; 12 © Bill Aron /PhotoEdit; 13 © Myrleen Ferguson Cate/PhotoEdit Copyright © by Houghton Mifflin Company All rights reserved No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying or recording, or by any information storage or retrieval system without the prior written permission of the copyright owner unless such copying is expressly permitted by federal copyright law With the exception of nonprofit transcription into Braille, Houghton Mifflin is not authorized to grant permission for further uses of this work Permission must be obtained from the individual copyright owner as identified herein Address requests for permission to make copies of Houghton Mifflin material to School Permissions, Houghton Mifflin Company, 222 Berkeley Street, Boston, MA 02116 Printed in China ISBN-13: 978-0-547-02346-5 ISBN-10: 0-547-02346-4 RRD 15 14 13 12 11 10 09 08 The Place to Go The girl is listening to her favorite song When you hear a new song on the radio, are you curious to learn more about it? You could go to the music store and buy CDs, but CDs are expensive You could ask a friend, but your friend might not know You could search the Internet, but sometimes it’s hard to be positive that the information you find online is true There is a place where you can find lots of information about your favorite band—the library You might think that libraries only have books, but you will actually find a lot more when you visit one Did you know that the library has newspapers, computers, magazines, CDs, and DVDs? Ask a librarian When you arrive at the library, ask for help The librarian will be happy to show you how to use the library properly Librarians have advanced skills in finding information First, the librarian might show you the periodicals Periodicals are newspapers and magazines There are many different types of periodicals You could look at a weekly entertainment magazine to find photographs of your favorite band Search the catalog Imagine that your favorite band is a rock band The librarian might mention that you could search the library catalog for books about rock music Card catalogs originally consisted of drawers that contained cards for each book in the library Today most libraries have these catalogs online Public Library Online Catalog Title Subject Author Author Rock Music Title Subject Home Call Number Help ISBN Search Call Number Subject You can search the library’s online catalog After you search for “rock music,” you will have a list of the library’s books on the topic To find a book, you need to understand how the library works At first the organization of the library might seem peculiar But once you understand it, you’ll see that libraries are easy to use Many libraries use the Dewey Decimal System, which labels subject areas by number Other libraries use the Library of Congress System, which labels subject areas by letter These letters and numbers are called “call numbers.” Expand your search online You will find books about all different types of music You might notice in some of the books that people used to listen to music on record players What if you wanted to know what people used to listen to music on before record players? In addition to searching the library catalog, the librarian can help you search the Internet Ask a librarian to help you choose just the right book Many libraries have rules that young people must follow when they go online Librarians intend these rules to help you find reliable information and to keep you safe In your search, you will find out that Thomas Edison made his first recording of a human voice in 1877 The machine was called the phonograph Thomas Edison recorded the words “Mary had a little lamb” on his phonograph After Edison’s invention, a man named Emile Berliner invented a machine called the gramophone in 1887 This machine played flat disks, or records Eventually the gramophone evolved, or changed over time, into what we call a record player The phonograph and gramophone made it possible for people to listen to records at home Look beyond books What is it like to listen to a record? Your library may have a record player If it does, you can listen to some records The cassette tape is another type of music format you might find at the library During the 1980s, many people listened to their favorite bands on tapes 10 Libraries often have many CDs that you can borrow The library may also have CDs that you can borrow It might even have a DVD of your favorite band performing Take the time to explore all of the music the library offers You will discover many musicians that have lots of talent You will also find music to suit any mood Music can make you happy or comfort you when you’re sad or angry 11 Checkout When you have found all of the books, CDs, and DVDs that you want to borrow, go to the front desk to check them out with your library card The best part of going to the library is that you get to take the materials home and use them whenever you want! Remember that you will need a library card to check anything out from the library 12 There’s so much to explore at the library Best of all, it’s free! Be careful not to miss the due date If you do, then you will have to pay the library for each extra day that you have your materials This late fee is called a fine As you can see, libraries offer books on any subject—and much more Just ask the librarian to help you get started Once you begin exploring, you won’t want to stop! 13 Library Terms Call Number A group of numbers and/or letters on a book that tell where to find it in the library Card Catalog Drawers of cards that are organized by subject, title, or author Each drawer contains one card for every library book Dewey Decimal System Organizes library materials by subject using numbers Fine The amount of money a library charges if a book is returned late Library of Congress Classification System Organizes library materials by subject using letters 14 Responding Word Builder Make a word web around the word talent What talents would you like to have? Copy and complete the word web below TARGET VOCABULARY play guitar ? talents I’d like ? ? Write About It Text to Self What is your talent? Write a paragraph describing your talent Explain how you could use the library to learn more about your talent or other people who share your talent Use one word from the Word Builder in your paragraph 15 TARGET VOCABULARY advanced comfort consisted intends mention mood peculiar positive properly talent Summarize Briefly tell the important parts of the text in your own words TARGET STRATEGY Some days you are in a good one Some days you are in a bad one What is it? 16 Level: N DRA: 30 Social Studies Strategy: Summarize Word Count: 839 4.1.1 Build Vocabulary HOUGHTON MIFFLIN Online Leveled Books ISBN-13: 978-0-547-02346-5 ISBN-10: 0-547-02346-4 1032119 ... angry 11 Checkout When you have found all of the books, CDs, and DVDs that you want to borrow, go to the front desk to check them out with your library card The best part of going to the library. .. get to take the materials home and use them whenever you want! Remember that you will need a library card to check anything out from the library 12 There’s so much to explore at the library Best... that the library has newspapers, computers, magazines, CDs, and DVDs? Ask a librarian When you arrive at the library, ask for help The librarian will be happy to show you how to use the library
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