Analogies for critical thinking g4

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clock: ticks cow: moos A terrific way to: • Sharpen logical thinking skills • Prepare for standardized tests • Understand word relationships • Improve & develop vocabulary I i I I: I: I I I I I I Editor Eric Migliaccio Editor in Chief Ina MassIer Levin, M.A Creative Director Karen J Goldftuss, M.S Ed lIIustrator Renee Mc Elwee Cover Artist Brenda DiAntonis Art Coordinator Renee Me Elwee clock: ticks Imaging Leonard P Swierski A terrific way to: • Sharpen logical thinking • Prepare for standardized skills tests Publisher • Understand Mary D Smith, M.S Ed • Improve & develop vocabulary word relationships Author Ruth Foster, M.Ed The classroom teacher may reproduce copies of the materials in this book for use in a single classroom only The reproduction of any part of the book for other classrooms or for an entire school or school system is strictly prohibited No part of this publication may be transmitted, stored, or recorded in any form without written permission from the publisher Teacher Created Resources 6421 Industry Way Westminster, CA 92683 W\NW teachercreated com ISBN: 978-1-4206-3167-8 © 2011 Teacher Created Resources Made in U.S.A Table of Contents Introduction Science Introducing Analogies Science 34 Skeleton Analogies 35 Synonyms in Analogies 33 Antonyms in Analogies Spelling Synonym and Antonym Practice Homophones Synonym and Antonym Analogies Homophones 38 Plurals The Seven Wonders 39 36 37 Adjectives 10 Amazing Nines What People Use 11 Fun Down Under 41 Things that Go Together 12 Review of Analogy Types 42 Past and Present 13 Review of Analogy Types Past and Present 14 Use What You Know 44 Purpose 15 Use What You Know 45 Where Things Go 16 Use What You Know 46 Animal Family Names 17 Use What You Know 47 Finding the Connection 18 Analogies in Writing 48 Finding the Connection 19 Analogies in Writing 49 Finding the Connection 20 Far Out Analogies 50 Trying Out the Connection 21 Analogies in Reading 40 43 51 Part to Whole 22 Analogies in Reading 52 Less Than/More Than 23 Analogies in Reading 53 Classifying Analogies 24 Connection Review 54 Classifying Analogies 25 Connection Review 55 Practice Making Classes 26 Practice Being the Teacher 56 Multiple-Meaning Words 27 Practice Being the Teacher 57 Multiple-Meaning Words 28 Practice What You Know 58 Math 29 Practice What You Know 59 Math 30 Answer Sheets 60 Social Studies 31 Answer Key 61 Social Studies 32 #3167 Analogies for Critical Thinking ©Teacher Created Resources Introduction Think of an analogy as a wonderful puzzle, and one has a great interdisciplinary teaching exercise An analogy is a type of comparison An analogy is when a likeness is found between two unlike things If approached as a puzzle, one solves the analogy by finding out how the pieces fit together What links the words to each other? How can they be connected or tied together? What is the relationship between them? cat is to meow as dog is to bark Although the example above may appear to be easy, it is an exercise that involves cognitive processes and critical-thinking skills One must comprehend the words read, categorize them, understand the connection between them, and then find a similar connection between a different pair of words In this case, both meow and bark are sounds that a cat and dog make, respectively Analogies written for this series will focus on a variety of word relationships They will develop, reinforce, and expand skills in the following areas: ~ visual imagery ~ reading comprehension ~ paying attention to detail (word sequence within word pairs) ~ vocabulary development ~ synonym, antonym, and homophone recognition and recall ~ understanding different shades of word meanings ~ reasoning ~ standardized-test taking Students will be able to demonstrate mastery by doing the following: ~ working with both multiple-choice and write-out question formats ~ analyzing and fixing incorrect analogies ~ writing their own analogies in both question and sentence format For interdisciplinary practice, some analogies will be subject-specific (addressing science, math, or social studies, for example) Others will push students to think outside of the box, as creative and imaginative connections between words will be asked for Students may then explain in writing or verbally (depending on skill level) how they created analogous word pairs or situations Blank answer sheets can be found on page 60 Use these sheets to provide your students with practice in answering questions in a standardized-test format ©Teacher Created Resources #3167 Analogies for Critical Thinking Introducing Analogies Directions: Fill in the word you think should go in the blank Duck is to duckling as cat is to _ Duck is to quack as lion is to _ Duck is to feathers as dog is to _ Duck is to wing as person is to _ Duck is to swim as rabbit is to _ What did you just do? You made analogies! An analogy is a likeness in some way between things that are otherwise unlike A duckling is not a kitten, but a duckling is like a kitten because they are both kinds of animal babies Sometimes analogies are written like this: ( duck: duckling :: cat: kitten) • The single colon (:) compares two items in a word pair • The double colon (::) compares the first word pair to the second word pair Rewrite question 2, 3, 4, or in the analogy form using colons Directions: Fill in the blanks to finish the analogies male: boy:: female: _ male: father :: female: _ male: uncle :: female: _ 10 male: man :: female: _ 11 male: nephew:: female: _ 12 male: actor :: female: #3167 Analogies for Critical Thinking _ ©Teacher Created Resources Synonyms in Analogies A synonym is a word that is nearly the same in meaning as another word Which word is not a synonym of the others? ® brave ® © bold ® cowardly fearless Which answer makes the best analogy? ® ® © ® brave: bold:: cowardly: fearless brave: fearless :: bold: daring cowardly: bold :: brave: fearless fearless: cowardly:: daring: bold Directions: Find the synonym that best completes the analogy Cry is to weep as cure is to ® blubber ® sob © hurt ® heal © discover ® forget © laugh ® giggle ® break Search is to hunt as find is to ® lose ® hide Grin is to smile as scowl is to ® frown ® chuckle Secret is to hidden as shatter is to ® mend ® _ © mysterious open Glance is to look as glow is to ® shine ® _ © search see Travel is to move as remain is to ® go ® ® moon _ © migrate lift ® stay Directions: Write down four answers Only one answer should be correct! Good is to excellent as bad is to _ © ® ® ® 10 Which one of your answers was correct? Write a sentence telling why Use the word synonym in your sentence ©Teacher Created Resources #3167 Analogies for Critical Thinking Antonyms in Analogies An antonym is a word that is the opposite in meaning of another word Which word is an antonym of the others? ® elementary ® © easy ® simple hard What answer makes the best analogy? ® ® elementary: © ® hard :: dull: exciting hard: easy:: droop: sag simple: hard :: fast: quick hard: elementary:: beautiful: pretty Directions: Find the antonym that best completes the analogy Narrow is to wide as sorrow is to ® easy ® joy © long ® clear © close ® allow © shrink ® see © splash ® radio Lower is to raise as stop is to ® halt ® cease Appear is to erase as grow is to ® move ® increase Tear is to mend as speak is to ® talk ® listen Expensive is to cheap as wild is to ® valuable ® _ © crazy tame Heartless is to kind as firm is to ® wobbly ® ® exit ® nasty _ © happy crazy Directions: Write down four answers Only one answer should be correct! Lead is to follow as smooth is to _ ® ® © ® 10 Which one of your answers was correct? Write a sentence telling why Use the word antonym in your sentence #3167 Analogies for Critical Thinking ©Teacher Created Resources Synonym and Antonym Practice Directions: Choose the answer that best completes the analogy Write synonyms or antonyms on the blank line to describe how the question and answer words are related Remember • Antonyms are words that are opposite in meaning • Synonyms are words that mean the same light: gloom ® ® © ® gown: dress ® ® © ® good: nice good: fine good: evil good: proper ® '® © ® glossy: shiny heavy: light wonderful: awful sick: healthy ® ® © ® hate: love send: receive exit: enter delay: wait ® ® © ® create: ruin make: build sketch: draw jump: hop ® ® © ® hush: yell mix: shuffle offer: take admire: hate ©Teacher Created Resources doze: sleep obey: disobey giggle: laugh tease : pester chew: bite cellar: basement capture: trap doubt: trust sing: mumble shove: hug shut: close fight: play 10 close: far slant: tilt ® ® © ® coat: jacket shiver: quake begin: cease ® ® © ® pants: zipper float: sink release : free ® ® © ® sock: foot throw: catch cheerful: joyful ® ® © ® hat: mitten donate: give mix: separate beg: plead fasten: tie #3167 Analogies for Critical Thinking Synonym and Antonym Analogies Directions: Write as many synonyms and antonyms as you can think of for the given words Then, use a thesaurus to add even more words to your list Synonyms Antonyms connect happy wise beautiful make Directions: Write analogy questions using some of the words you wrote down At least one question should use synonyms and at least one should use antonyms _ @ ® © ® - Synonym or antonym: _ Correct answer: - _ Correct answer: _ _ Correct answer: _ ~ -@ -Synonym or antonym: _ @ Synonym or antonym: #3167 Analogies for Critical Thinking ©Teacher Created Resources Plurals Directions: Think about how some words are singular (one) or plural (more than one) Then choose the answer that best completes each analogy Pay attention to order! I mice: mouse I I is not the same as mouse: mice mice: mouse is singular: plural ® plural: singular fathers : father I I mouse: mice is singular: plural ® plural: singular face: faces cactus : cacti aunt: aunts eye: eyes horses: horse ® © ® mother: mothers ® © ® noses: nose ® © ® stars: star woman : women babies: baby plates : plate chins: chin lashes : lash foot: feet person: people boxes: box geese: goose cup: cups toes: toe duck: ducks ® © ® men: man ® © ® leg: legs ® © ® fox: foxes spoon : spoons wolf : wolves lips: lip knees: knee hands: hand 10 sheep : sheep oxen: ox camel : camels 11 deer: deer mouth: mouths tree: trees child: little ® © ® ear: ears ® © ® tree : leaves ® © ® baby: helpless cheek: cheeks teeth : tooth tree: branch tree: oak child: children baby: cries 12 Write your own analogy using singular and plural words Make sure only one of your answers is correct! ® -©Teacher Created Resources _ - © - - ® #3167 Analogiesfor Critical Thinking Analogies in Reading Directions: Read the passage Answer the questions below Mrs Shing said, "Class, Robert Scott's journal was just found in Antarctica Scott was a famous British explorer He was in a race to be the first person to reach the South Pole Scott reached the pole on January 17, 1912, only to find he had come in second Roald Amundsen from Norway had gotten there first on December 14, 1911 Scott never made it back He and all his men died from hunger, cold, and exhaustion." Mrs Shing continued, "The man who found the journal is going to sell it The price will be high This is because the journal will give new details about what really happened One entry is about a polar bear attack No one knew about the attack before Everyone will want to read about it." Landon said, "Something about that journal isn't right I'm in the dark, bumping into things, completely lost Still, I'm going to try and find my way until I see the light." Suddenly, Raina cried, ''A light bulb just went off in my head, and I can see! Landon is right that something is wrong! The journal is a fake because polar bears don't live in Antarctica! They only live in the Arctic, up near the North Pole." In the story, the phrase "being in the dark" is an analogy for ® understanding ® not understanding In the story, "a light bulb going off" is an analogy for ® getting an idea ® not getting an idea Explain why the phrases "being in the dark" and "a light bulb going off" help the reader picture how Landon and Raina feel in the story Challenge: Look in books or on the Internet to find and read parts of Scott's real journal ©Teacher Created Resources 51 #3167 Analogiesfor Critical Thinking Analogies in Reading Directions: Read the passage Answer the questions below "I know about a race that isn't a race," Cory said "It's an invitation to being cooked alive." "How can you compare a race to being cooked alive?" asked Nora "When it's the Badwater Ultramarathon,' Cory answered "The race begins in Death Valley, California It goes for 135 miles Runners have just six days to finish The race takes place in July Temperatures sizzle Air temperature is often 130 degrees F (54°C), but the road can heat up to 200 degrees F (93°C) Runners have to run on the road's white lines If they don't, their track shoes will melt." "No one can survive that!" Nora exclaimed "Most super athletes can't," Cory said, "but in 2007, Valmir Nunez from Brazil finished in less than 23 hours!" "So you could say Nunez really cooked," laughed Nora "Yes," said Cory "He burned the competition." 1 Most likely Cory makes an analogy between the race and being cooked alive because ® the race is in an oven ® the race is in a place that is as hot as an oven When Nora said that "Nunez really cooked," she mainly meant that ® Nunez ran at a very fast speed ® Nunez got really hot when he ran Explain how comparing the race to "an invitation to being cooked alive" helps a reader picture how it is to run in the Badwater Ultramarathon Challenge: Find out how you can enter the Badwater Ultramarathon by looking in books or on the Internet #3167 Analogies for Critical Thinking 52 ©Teacher Created Resources Analogies in Reading Directions: Read the passage Answer the questions below "I've brought the world to the table," Ben's father said "What you mean?" asked Ben "We have potatoes Potatoes first came from South America We're having corn Corn came from Central America And we're having blueberries from North America, as well as kiwi fruit from Asia." "That's surprising," said Hana, Ben's sister "I thought kiwi fruit came from New Zealand After all, people from New Zealand are known as 'kiwis:" "That's right," Ben's mother said "Today, kiwi fruit is grown in New Zealand It's exported around the world, but the fruit's origins, or beginnings, were in Asia." Ben's father added, "We have macadamia nuts and walnuts Macadamia nuts originated in Australia Walnuts were first grown in Europe." "Is there anything from Africa?" asked Ben "Coffee for the adults," laughed Ben's father and mother Ben's father said that he "brought the world to the table" because ® he brought a world map or globe to the table ® he was making an analogy about the foods' origins From the story, you can tell that kiwi fruit ® ® wasn't always exported from New Zealand has always been known as kiwi fruit Complete the analogy below Follow these rules: • In the first blank, write your name or place you are from • In the second blank, write your personal, state, or country nickname New Zealand: kiwis :: _ Challenge: Look in books or on the Internet to find out the origins of some other foods, such as bananas, watermelons, tomatoes, tea, and chickens ©Teacher Created Resources 53 #3167 Analogies for Critical Thinking Connection Review Directions: Look at the word pairs in the first column Think about how they are connected Match the word pairs in the first column with a phrase from the second column that tells how they are connected The first one has been done for you Hints: Use each phrase only once If you not know an answer right away, skip it Come back to it at the end Word Pairs J II How They Are Connected barn to farm A antonym (opposite) weight to wait B synonym (same meaning) thought to think C homophone (same sound) ferocious to gentle D multiple-meaning word fire truck to red E adjective ewe: lamb F classifying (group to member) leaf : leaves G past to present box: carton H one to more (plural) salt: pepper I purpose 10 can: can J where things go II scale: weigh K things or words that go together 12 dog: Dalmatian L family names Challenge: Write two sentences In each sentence, use the rnultiple-meaninq word from above in a different way #3167 Analogiesfor Critical Thinking 54 ©Teacher Created Resources Connection Review Directions: Look at the word pairs in the first column Think about how they are connected Match the word pairs in the first column with a phrase from the second column that tells how they are connected The first one has been done for you Hints: Use each phrase only once If you not know an answer right away, skip it Come back to it at the end Word Pairs K II How They Are Connected skyscraper to tall A antonym (opposite) storm: hurricane B synonym (same meaning) park to park C homophone (same sound) disturb to annoy D less than/more than artist to paintbrush E family names F what people use remember to forget penguin: feathers G part name to animal knew to new H multiple-meaning word I outside or on top actor to actress J classifying (member to group) 10 mare to colt 11 bench: furniture K adjective L male to female 12 paw: lion Challenge: Write two sentences In each sentence, use the rnultiple-rneaninq word from above in a different way ©Teacher Created Resources 55 #3167 Analogies for Critical Thinking Practice Being the Teacher Directions: It is your turn to teach Look at the word pair in the box Show how to find the answer to the analogy I approach ® ® : near © © appear: disappear reptile: eggs I practice: rehearse shrink: grow First, write out how the words in the box are connected • If you something, you Il.; "0"" it Next, tryout the connection with the other word pairs • If you -=0 something, you _d= it _e= - it r • If you ' something, you • If you -p _ • If you -=- something, you , r s something, you Answers and _ it -81 - cannot be right because they have the same connection They are both Answer (synonyms or antonyms) cannot be right because the words in the word pair are not _ (synonyms or antonyms) Which would be the answer if the question were Answers ® slept: sleep ® heard: hear and order It should be present to _ Answer it teach: © © taught I? learn: students weigh: weighed are wrong because the verb tense is written in the wrong to , not _ is wrong because the words are not connected in the same way The word #3167 Analogies for Critical Thinking is not the past tense of 56 _ ©Teacher Created Resources Practice Being the Teacher Directions: It is your turn to teach Look at the word pair in the box Show how to find the answer to the analogy map : locate ® donate: give ® grab: tweezers © ® I shame: embarrass screwdriver: turn Write out how the words in the box are connected d ® You use a ~ -t0-8~ ® You use a-8 ~ to~t _ © You use a ~s to~e~ _ ® You use a ~s to~t _ and _ Answers cannot be right because they have the same connection (synonyms or antonyms) They are both Answer cannot be right because it is in the wrong order Which would be the answer if the question were ® ® amphibian: © ® newt frogs: amphibians Answer Answers I whale: mammal I? crocodile: reptile mammal: dolphin is wrong because the first word is plural (more than one) and are wrong because they are written in the wrong order Write your own analogy question with answers Explain how to solve your analogy to a classmate ®_ - © - ® ® - ©Teacher Created Resources 57 #3167 Analogies for Critical Thinking Practice What You Know Directions: Find the answer that best completes each analogy Remember to • pay attention to word order • read every answer choice • think about how the words are connected • cross out the ones that can't be right fiction: fact bird: chirp boat: row ® easy: simple ® roar: lion ® canoe: paddle ® © cruel: kind ® © honk: goose ® © fly: plane smooth: even @ gloomy: sad horse: neigh @ grunt: pig shy: timid drive: car @ pedal: bike boot:shoe drawer: chest ® parched: wet ® rope: jump ® word : letter ® © young: old ® © kick: ball ® © book: chapter active: lazy @ tidy: clean diamond : gem @ shelf: bookcase @ sock: knee hare: hair chapter: letter forgive: forgave pride: lions ® meet: meat ® ate: eat ® birds: flock ® © feet: fat ® © leave: left ® © pack : wolves care: cart @ pair: pant shook: shake @ wound: wind @ elephants: herd II breeze : tornado 10 python : snake bees: swarm 12 present: bow ® hole: gopher ® breathe: pant ® drink: glass ® © garden : mole ® © leg: shin ® © stir: bowl mouse: tail @ rat: rodent tree: bark @ sweat: hot jar: label @ wrap: open Challenge: Make an analogy with your state and capital where you live Use other state and city names for answer choices Only one answer should be correct (your state) (your capital) ® -#3167 Analogies for Critical Thinking © -@ -58 ©Teacher Created Resources Practice What You Know Directions: Find the answer that best completes each analogy Remember to • pay attention to word order • read every answer choice • think about how the words are connected • cross out the ones that can't be right I rose: thorn ® ® © ® cactus: desert desert: cactus cactus: spine spine: cactus ring: finger ® ® © ® blanket: bed dish: break apple: fruit necklace: bead hide: hid ® ® © ® broke: break blow: blew bit: bite bent:bend 10 clock : ticks ® ® © ® cow: moos cow: grazes cow: calf cow: milk bat: wing ® ® © ® frog: tadpole boy: ball plane: fly dish: plate girl: arm alarm: calm ® ® © ® open : unwrap smile: grin glance: see spend: save giraffe: spotted ® ® © ® grey: wolf badger: digs skunk: striped sheep: grazes bird: egg dog: puppy kitten: cat cub: bear comb: teeth ® ® © ® table: legs chair: sit lamp: floor sink: kitchen pitch: throw ® ® © ® eat: food exit: enter study: examine swim: climb 12 fir: tree 11 pie: crust ® ® © ® ® ® © ® apple: red taco: shell cookie : tasty bean: plant ® ® © ® net: catch rod : reel elm: oak salmon: fish Challenge: Make answer choices for the word pair in the box Make sure only one answer choice is correct I dim: bright I ®_ - © ® -©Teacher Created Resources 59 #3167 Analogies for Critical Thinking Answer Sheets These sheets may be used to provide practice in answering questions in a standardized-test format Student's Name: _ Student's Name: - Activity Page: Activity Page: ® ® © ® ® ® © ® ® ® © ® ® ® © ® ® ® © ® ·3 ® ® © ® ® ® © ® ® ® © ® ® ® © ® ® ® © ® ® ® © ® ® ® © ® ® ® © ® ® ® © ® ® ® © ® ® ® © ® ® ® © ® ® ® © ® 10 ® ® © ® 10 ® ® © ® 11 ® ® © ® 11 ® ® © ® 12 ® ® © ® 12 ® ® © ® #3167 Analogies for Critical Thinking 60 ©Teacher Created Resources Answer Key Introducing Analogies (page 4) kitten roar fur arm or hand hop or jump Check answers for accuracy girl mother aunt 10 woman 11 niece 12 actress Adjectives (page 10) white, adjective ferocious, adjective C D B D A C B 10 C Purpose (page 15) 11 D Synonyms in Analogies (page 5) C A B D D A C D What People Use (page 11) C A A B D D B (phone: call); C (broom: sweep); D (alarm: warn) 12 Accept appropriate responses Antonyms in Analogies (page 6) D C A B B D C A Synonym and Antonym Practice (page 7) C, antonyms D, synonyms A, synonyms B, antonyms D, synonyms D, antonyms A, antonyms C, synonyms B, synonyms 10 B, antonyms Synonym and Antonym Analogies (page 8) Accept appropriate responses Plurals (page 9) B B A C D D A 10 A 5.C I1.C B ©Teacher Created Resources 12 Accept appropriate responses B B < C Things that Go Together (page 12) D C 1.A B D A C C B 10 11 D B A Where Things Go (page 16) B A A B D D A C C 10 B Animal Family Names (page 17) B C LA A A B D B A B C A B D D 10 C Past and Present (page 13) caught touched keep swung hold rode shut take shook 10 say 11 present to past: 1, 2, 4, 6, 9; past to present: 3, 5, 8, 10; impossible to tell: 7; synonyms: 10 Past and Present (page 14) A D B D C B B Finding the Connection (page 18) 1.B C D A C B 10 D D B The big connection has something to with what is on the outside or covering something A 61 #3167 Analogies for Critical Thinking Answer Key Finding the Connection (page 19) I.C D A B D C A D 7.B Finding the Connection (page 20) I.D A B C A D B B D 10 D 11 C 12 B 13 where things go, belong, work, or are found Trying Out the Connection (page 21) B A D A B 10 C 11 D 10 D 11 C 12 A 12 A 13 Accept appropriate 13 part to whole: 1,4,6,9, 10, 12; whole to part: 2,3,5,7, 8,11 A C 10 whole to part, or part to whole 11 male to female, or female to male 14 (order may vary) table of contents: book:: legend: map Less Than/More Than (page 23) LA B A C D 10 D 11 C Classifying Analogies (page 24) colors fruit A banana is always a fruit; a fruit is not always a banana B Classifying Analogies (page 25) tools A B D C #3167 Analogies for Critical Thinking responses Multiple-Meaning Words (page 27) LA B A B B A 4.B 9.B A 10 A Words 2 D, A king is a ruler C, antonyms, or something light is not heavy A, You use a light to see C, The sun is a star B, A star (person) is famous A, A pen is a type of cage D, You use a pen to write Accept appropriate responses 10 Accept appropriate responses Math (page 29) A B 7.B A B C B D Accept appropriate I.B C B D 10 A 11 B I.C responses Practice Making Classes (page 26) Multiple-Meaning (page 28) A Chocolate chip is a kind of cookie Sharpen is the opposite of dull If you are hungry, you eat Part to Whole (page 22) (cont.) C B A D C A 4.B D 9.D 10 B Math (page 30) A saw is always a tool; a tool is not always a saw D A A C C A D B D B Think and Write: September, October, November, December C B 62 ©Teacher Created Resources Answer Key Social Studies (page 31) Central or North America South America Asia Antarctica South America Europe Africa Europe Asia 10 Northern Hemisphere 11 Southern Hemisphere 12 Northern Hemisphere Social Studies (page 32) west east south south north west east east north 10 north Science (page 33) D A B D C C A B Science (page 34) B C A A D D C Skeleton Analogies (page 35) arm ribs fibula metatarsals patella phalanges tarsals phalanges Challenge: femur Spelling (page 36) A C B B A C A B (cant.) Homophones (page 37) Part answers (in any order): sound alike, not spelled the same, different meanings threw soar peace grown sore piece through groan Homophones (page 38) Part answers (in any order): sound alike, not spelled the same, different meanings flee pier sew flea plane plain sow peer Challenge: one, won two, too, or to four, for eight, ate The Seven Wonders (page 39) ltaipu EnglandlFrance Tower North Sea Protection Works Channel Tunnel Golden Gate Bridge Itaipu Dam Panama Canal Amazing Nines (page 40) A B B A B B Fun Down Under (page 41) biscuit jillaroo station nappy mate ute outback barbie Accept appropriate responses 10 Accept appropriate responses Review of Analogy Types (page 42) B, plural D, synonym C, adjective A, antonym D, antonym B, synonym A, adjective A, plural C, synonym 10 D, adjective 11 B, antonym 12 C, plural 13 "Pants" is both singular and plural Review of Analogy Types (page 43) C, male/female A, purpose D, less than/more than B, homophone A, male/female C, past/present B, member to group B, less than/more than D, present/past (may answer as past/present) 10 A, member to group (may write as group to member) 11 C, homophone 12 D, purpose 13 yes Use What You Know (page 44) The question words are antonyms Answers: calf is baby cow (A); synonyms (B); hat is worn on the head (D); A, Band D are not antonyms, so C is correct B The question words are synonyms Answers: door is house opening (B); birds fly (C); antonyms (D); B, C, and D are not synonyms, so A must be correct D ©Teacher Created Resources 63 #3167 Analogiesfor Critical Thinking Answer Key Use What You Know (page 45) A fawn is baby deer Answers: male and female (A); female and male (B); mother and baby (C); Answer must be D A cygnet is a baby swan A A herd is group of cattle Answers: sheep make up flock (B); a puppy is young dog (C); a mare is a female horse (D); Answer must be A A troop is a group of baboons C B C A D Use What You Know (page 46) wrong (all synonyms): A, B, D; correct (antonym): C wrong (all homophones): A, C, D; correct (where found): B wrong (all thing and what it does): A, B, C; correct (synonyms): D Use What You Know (page 47) wrong (all male to female): A, C, D; correct (what the person does): B C A D B mammal energetic #3167 Analogies for Critical Thinking (cant.) Analogies in Writing (page 48) LA B B A Accept appropriate responses Analogies in Writing (page 49) Accept reasonable responses Far Out Analogies (page 50) Accept appropriate responses Analogies in Reading (page 51) 1.B A Analogies in Reading (page 52) 1.B A Analogies in Reading (page 53) 1.B A Connection Review (page 54) J H C B G K A 10 D 5.E 11.1 L 12 F Connection Review (page 55) K I D C H L B 10 E 5.F I1.J A 12 G 64 Practice Being the Teacher (page 56) approach, near; A: appear, disappear; B: reptile, egg; C: practice, rehearse; D: shrink, grow A and D; antonyms B; synonyms D A and B; should be: present to past, NOT past to present C; learned is not the past tense of students Practice Being the Teacher (page 57) map to locate; A: donate, give; B: grab, tweezers; C: shame, embarrass; D: screwdriver, turn A and C, synonyms B crocodile: reptile B AandD Practice What You Know (page 58) 1.B C A D C D A 10 11 12 B B D A C Practice What You Know (page 59) 1.C B D C B C A 10 A D 11 B A 12 D ©Teacher Created Resources Approach analogies as puzzles To solve them, students need to use cognitive processes and critical-thinking skills The activities in this book: • Help students develop skills in visual imagery; reading comprehension; paying attention to detail; vocabulary development; synonym, antonym and homophone recognition; reasoning; and standardized test-taking • Give students practice in working with both multiple-choice and write-out question formats; analyzing and fixing incorrect analogies; and writing their own analogies in both question and sentence formats • • Present some analogies within curriculum areas (such as science, math, or social studies) and present others that push students to think creatively, making imaginative connections between words The goal is to develop a variety of skills, ranging from vocabulary development to reasoning and test-taking • •• • •• • • •• • • Related Products - - ~- • • • • •• •• • • • • TCR 3166 TCR 2564 TCR 3168 Grade Grade Grade ISBN 978-1-4206-3167-8 50999 PRINTED IN U.S.A 781420 631678 o 8823193167 ... own analogies using units of measurement (for example, ounces, inches, kilograms, etc.) 12 13 ©Teacher Created Resources 23 #3167 Analogies for Critical Thinking Classifying Analogies Some analogies. .. practice in answering questions in a standardized-test format ©Teacher Created Resources #3167 Analogies for Critical Thinking Introducing Analogies Directions: Fill in the word you think should... separate beg: plead fasten: tie #3167 Analogies for Critical Thinking Synonym and Antonym Analogies Directions: Write as many synonyms and antonyms as you can think of for the given words Then, use a
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