BỘ ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QUỐC GIA PHẦN 4

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LUYỆN THI ĐẠI HỌC MÔN TIẾNG ANH CÙNG CÔ NGỌC LAN https://www.facebook.com/luu.n.lan BỘ ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QUỐC GIA PHẦN ĐỀ SỐ 12 Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the others in the group A none B zone C phone D stone A find B rhythm C rhyme D hydrogen Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions A privilege B extraordinary C photograph D masterpiece A governmental B environmental C meditation D immortality Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction An organ is a group of tissues capable to perform some special functions, as for example, the A B C D heart, the liver or the lungs Little they knew in 1926, when the first T.V broadcast began, that it would have such an impact A B C D on people's everyday lives Not only, the number of mahogany trees has decreased markedly during the last decade, but A B other valuable trees are becoming scarcer and scarcer as well C D Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer that best completes each sentence It was funny a joke that nobody could help laughing A such B too C so D such a C must have left D should have left Since they aren't answering the phone, they A need have left B can't have left 10 Sometimes comic strips may _to be ads A turn on B turn out C turn in D turn around LUYỆN THI ĐẠI HỌC MÔN TIẾNG ANH CÙNG CÔ NGỌC LAN https://www.facebook.com/luu.n.lan 11 - "Who wrote the poem?" A to be - "It is said written by one of the Bronte sisters" B to being C to have been D to having been 12 Before she left for Australia she promised her parents that she would drop them A a not B a word C the news 13 I can't stand Mr Bryant He's always blowing his own at least once a month D a line telling everyone how good he is at everything A balloon 14 We B breath C mind D trumpet today and I got into trouble because I hadn't done it A were checked our homework B had our homework checked C have our homework checking D had checked our homework 15 The International Committee of the Red Cross is a private institution founded in 1863 in Geneva, Switzerland A human B humanity C humanization 16 The teacher asked a difficult question, but finally Ted A put up with D humanitarian a good answer B keep pace with C made way for 17 The salary of a computer programmer is a teacher D came up with A as twice much as B as much as twice of C twice as higher as that D twice as high as that of 18 The World Bank has criticized Britain for not giving enough financial _ to developing countries A allowance B aid C loan D provision C on D in 19 What does 'UNICEF' stand ? A for B with Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges 20 "I hope you won't make this mistake again." " A Yes, I will 21 Freddie: " B No, I hope so " C Of course not D Certainly I will " Rita: "I'm glad you're enjoying it." A What a lovely party! B What party are you having? C The party is awful! D Will you come to my party? LUYỆN THI ĐẠI HỌC MÔN TIẾNG ANH CÙNG CÔ NGỌC LAN https://www.facebook.com/luu.n.lan Mark the letter A, B, C, or, D on your answer sheet, to indicate the word that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in each sentence 22 All organisms must obtain nutrients from the environment in order to sustain themselves A isolate B release C harvest D digest 23 The predominant unit of drawing is the line A smallest B resilient C dramatic D blurred Mark the letter A.B, C, or Don your 'answer sheet to indicate the word that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part in each sentence 24 Evidence that harmful effects may result from small amounts of radiation has prompted concern about low level irradiation from various sources A minimized B exaggerate C generated D sustained 25 Physical infirmity often makes people querulous and hard to live with A fretful B weak C indignant D poor Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the numbered blanks ` Any change in one part of an ecosystem; Call cause changes in other parts Drought, storms, and fires can change ecosystems Some changes harm If a kind of plant die (26) , the animals that (27) also die or move away Some changes are good for ecosystem Some pine forests (28) it may for the pine trees to reproduce The seeds are sealed inside pinecones Heat from a forest fire melts the seal and lets the seeds out Polluting the air, soils, water can harm ecosystems Building (29) on rivers for electric power and irrigation can harm ecosystems around the rivers, Bulldozing wetlands and cutting down forests destroy ecosystem, Ecologists are working with companies and government to find better ways of catching fish, cutting down trees, and building dams They are looking for ways to get food, lumber, and other products for people (30) causing harm to ecosystems 26 A off B away C over D forever 27 A fed with B feed on C fed up with D feed 28 A flame B fires C blaze D burning LUYỆN THI ĐẠI HỌC MÔN TIẾNG ANH CÙNG CÔ NGỌC LAN https://www.facebook.com/luu.n.lan 29 A moats B ditches C bridges D dams 30 A avoid B without C not D no Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions The hard, rigid plates that form the outermost portion of the Earth are about 100 kilometers thick These plates include both the Earth's crust and the upper mantle The rocks of the crust are composed mostly of minerals with light elements, like aluminum and sodium, while the mantle contains some heavier elements, like iron and magnesium Together, the crust and upper mantle that form the-surface plates are called the lithosphere This rigid layer floats on the denser material of the lower mantle the way a wooden raft floats on a pond The plates are supported by a weak, plastic layer of the lower mantle called the asthenosphere Also like a raft on a pond, the lithospheric plates are carried along by slow currents in this more fluid layer beneath them With an understating of plate tectonics, geologists have put together a new history for the Earth's surface About 200 million years ago, the plates at the Earth's surface formed a "supercontinent" called Pangaea When this supercontinent started to tear apart because of plate movement, Pangaea first broke into two large continental masses with a newly formed sea that grew between the land areas and the depression was filled with water The southern one, which included the modern continents of South America, Africa, Australia, and Antarctic, is called Gondwanaland The northern one, with North America, Europe, and Asia, is called Laurasi North America tore away from Europe about 180 million years ago, forming the northern Atlantic Ocean Some of the lithospheric plates carry ocean floor and others carry land masses or a combination of the two types The movement of the lithospheric plates is responsible for earthquakes, volcanoes, and the Earth's largest mountain ranges Current understating of the interaction between different plates explains why these occur where they For example, the edge of the Pacific Ocean has been called the "Ring of Fire" because so many volcanic eruptions and earthquakes happen there Before the 1960's, geologists could not explain why active volcanoes and strong earthquakes were concentrated in that region The theory of plate tectonics gave them an answer 31 The word "carry" in the last paragraph could best be replaced by A damage B squeeze C connect D support 32 The word "concentrated" in the last paragraph is closest in meaning to which of the following? A allowed B clustered C strengthened D exploded LUYỆN THI ĐẠI HỌC MÔN TIẾNG ANH CÙNG CÔ NGỌC LAN https://www.facebook.com/luu.n.lan 33 The author compares the relationship between the lithosphere and the asthenosphere to which of the following? A A boat floating on the water B Lava flowing from a volcano C A fish swimming in a pond D The erosion of rocks by running water 34 With which of the following topic is the passage mainly concerned? A The location of the Earth's major plates B The methods used by scientists to measure plate movement C The contributions of the theory of plate tectonics to geological knowledge D The mineral composition of the Earth's crust 35 According to the passage, the lithosphertic plates are given support by the A upper mantle B asthenosphere C ocean floor D crust 36 According to the passage, the northern Atlantic Ocean was formed when A Parts of Laurasi separated from the each other B Gondwanaland collided with other templates C Pangaea was created D Pangaea Plate movement ceased 37 The word "one " in the second paragraph refers to A mass B movement C sea D depression 38 When were all the current continents a single entity? A 200 million years ago B 180 million years ago C 500 million years ago D 400 million years ago Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions In July of 1994, an astounding series of events took place The world anxiously watched as, every few hours, a hurtling chunk of comet plunged into the atmosphere of Jupiter All of the twenty-odd fragments, collectively called comet Shoemaker- Levy after its discoverers, were once part of the same object, now dismembered and strung out along the same orbit This cometary train; glistening like a string of pearls, had been first glimpsed only a few months before its fateful impact with Jupiter, and rather quickly scientists had predicted that the fragments were on a collision course with the giant planet The impact caused an explosion clearly visible from Earth, a bright flaming fire that quickly expanded as each icy mass incinerated itself LUYỆN THI ĐẠI HỌC MÔN TIẾNG ANH CÙNG CÔ NGỌC LAN https://www.facebook.com/luu.n.lan When each fragment slammed at 60 kilometers per second into the dense atmosphere, its immense kinetic energy was transformed into heat, producing a superheated fireball that was ejected back through the tunnel the fragment had made a few seconds earlier The residues from these explosions left huge black marks on the face of Jupiter, some of which have stretched out to form dark ribbons Although this impact event was of considerable scientific import, it especially piqued public curiosity and interest Photographs of each collision made the evening television newscast and were posted on the Internet This was possibly the most open scientific endeavor in history The face of the largest planet in the solar system was changed before our very eyes And for the very first time, most of humanity came to fully appreciate the fact that we ourselves live on a similar target, a world subject to catastrophe by random assaults from celestial bodies That realization was a surprise to many, but it should not have been One of the great truths revealed by the last few decades of planetary exploration is that collisions between bodies of all sizes are relatively commonplace, at least in geologic terms, and were even more frequent in the early solar system 39 The passage mentions which of the following with respect to the fragments of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9? A They were once combined in a larger body B Some of them burned up before entering the atmosphere of Jupiter C Some of them arc still orbiting Jupiter D They have an unusual orbit 40 The author compares the fragments of comet Shoemaker-Levy to all of the following EXCEP A a train B a giant planet C a pearl necklace D a dismembered body 41 Before comet Shoemaker-Levy hit Jupiter in July 1994, scientists A had been unaware of its existence B had been tracking it for only a few months C had observed its breakup into twenty-odd fragments D had decided it would not collide with the planet 42 Before the comet fragments entered the atmosphere of Jupiter, they were most likely A invisible B black C frozen D exploding 43 Superheated fireballs were produced as soon as the fragments of comet Shoemaker-Levy A hit the surface of Jupiter B were pulled into Jupiter's orbit C were ejected back through the tunnel D entered the atmosphere of Jupiter LUYỆN THI ĐẠI HỌC MÔN TIẾNG ANH CÙNG CÔ NGỌC LAN https://www.facebook.com/luu.n.lan 44 The phrase "incinerated itself' in the first paragraph is closest in meaning to A burned up B broke into smaller pieces C increased its speed D grew in size 45 Which of the following is mentioned as evidence of the explosions that is still visible on Jupiter? A fireballs B ice masses C black marks D tunnels Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the answer that is closest in meaning to the sentence given 46 As a boy, Thomas Edison had very little schooling A Thomas Edison's boy was taught by him at home B Thomas Edison didn't teach the boys at school C Thomas Edison didn't go to school much when he was a boy D Thomas Edison went to a little school when he was a boy 47 We'll have the party in the garden if bad weather doesn't prevent it A Unless bad weather stops it, we won't have the party in the garden B Bad weather will surely prevent the organization of the party in the garden C When you want to organize a party in the garden, you must depend on the weather D We'll have the party in the garden, weather permitting 48 Tracy and her sister don't want to talk to each other because of their recent quarrel A Tracy and her sister are not on speaking terms with each other after their recent quarrel B Tracy and her sister haven't spoken to themselves after their recent quarrel C Due to their recent quarrel, Tracy didn't feel like speaking to her sister D Tracy has never been fond of speaking to her sister in spite of their recent quarrel Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions 49 They are buying new equipment Their intention is to compete with their riyals A They are buying new equipment so that their intention is to compete with their rivals B New equipment is being bought on the purpose to compete with their rivals C New equipment is being bought with a view to competing with their rivals D They are intending to buy new equipment for their rivals are competing too hard 50 She deliberately came late She knew that I would be upset by this LUYỆN THI ĐẠI HỌC MÔN TIẾNG ANH CÙNG CÔ NGỌC LAN https://www.facebook.com/luu.n.lan A She came late on purpose, knowing that it would get on my nerves B When she deliberately came late, I wouldn't be annoyed as she knew it C She wanted to make me upset by coming late accidentally D I would be very annoyed if she ever deliberately came late like that HƯỚNG DẪN GIẢI ĐỀ SỐ 12 Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the others in the group A none B zone C phone D stone /nʌn/ /zəʊn/ /fəʊn/ /stəʊn/ B rhythm C rhyme D hydrogen /ˈrɪðəm/ /raɪm/ /ˈhaɪdrədʒən/ A find /faɪnd/ Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions A privilege B extraordinary C photograph D masterpiece /ɪkˈstrɔːdnri/ /ˈfəʊtəɡrɑːf/ /ˈmɑːstəpiːs/ A governmental B environmental C meditation D immortality /ˌɡʌvnˈmentl/ /ɪnˌvaɪrənˈmentl/ /ˌmedɪˈteɪʃn/ /ˌɪmɔːˈtæləti/ /ˈprɪvəlɪdʒ/ Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction An organ is a group of tissues capable to perform some special functions, as for example, the A B C D heart, the liver or the lungs Ta có công thức: Tobe capable of + Ving: có khả làm Little they knew in 1926, when the first T.V broadcast began, that it would have such an impact A B C D on people's everyday lives Ta có dạng Đảo ngữ Little: LITTLE/HARDLY/SELDOM/RARELY+ Trợ động từ+S+V (hiếm khi) LUYỆN THI ĐẠI HỌC MÔN TIẾNG ANH CÙNG CÔ NGỌC LAN https://www.facebook.com/luu.n.lan Eg: Little did he understand what I say Not only, the number of mahogany trees has decreased markedly during the last decade, but A B other valuable trees are becoming scarcer and scarcer as well C D Đảo ngữ NOT ONLY .BUT ALSO NOT ONLY+ TRỢ ĐỘNG TỪ+ S+V, BUT+S+TRỢ ĐỘNG TỪ( Tobe/ modal verbs)+ ALSO+V+ Example:Not only was Tom late, but he was also angry Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer that best completes each sentence It was funny a joke that nobody could help laughing A such B too C so D such a Ta có công thức: It + tobe + SO + ADJ + A/AN + N + that + S +can/could + V It + tobe + SUCH + A/AN + ADJ + N + that + S +can/could + V Đáp án xác C Since they aren't answering the phone, they A need have left B can't have left C must have left D should have left Need have + Ved/3: Lẽ cần làm Should have + past participle Khi bạn muốn khuyên nên làm việc khứ Must have Ved/3: đã, Can’t have Ved/3: làm tại, tương lai Câu đề bài: “Do họ không trả lời điện thoại, họ _” Vì ta thấy đáp án C – Họ rời 10 Sometimes comic strips may _to be ads A turn on A turn on : bật B turn out C turn in D turn around LUYỆN THI ĐẠI HỌC MÔN TIẾNG ANH CÙNG CÔ NGỌC LAN https://www.facebook.com/luu.n.lan B turn out: để việc sản xuất hàng hay sản phẩm C turn in: ngủ D turn “Thỉnh đổi hướng ngược lại; làm đoạn truyện tranh around: thoảng đổi hướng ngược quảng lại cáo.” Đáp án B – thích hợp 11 - "Who wrote the poem?" A to be - "It is said written by one of the Bronte sisters" B to being C to have been D to having been Câu thuộc dạng bị động kép Ta thấy thơ viết hoàn khứ Mà ta thấy động từ tường thuật vế trước “It is said ” đơn Vì ta viết câu bị động dạng: TO HAVE Ved/3 Đáp án B 12 Before she left for Australia she promised her parents that she would drop them A a not B a word C the news at least once a month D a line Drop a line : Viết thư 13 I can't stand Mr Bryant He's always blowing his own telling everyone how good he is at everything A balloon B breath C mind D trumpet Ta có câu thành ngữ: Blow one’s own trumplet: Khoe hoang 14 We today and I got into trouble because I hadn't done it A were checked our homework B had our homework checked C have our homework checking D had checked our homework Ta có câu thức: thuê , nhờ vả làm HAVE/HAS/HAD + SMT + Ved/3  Đáp án B 15 The International Committee of the Red Cross is a private founded in 1863 in Geneva, Switzerland A human B humanity C humanization D humanitarian institution LUYỆN THI ĐẠI HỌC MÔN TIẾNG ANH CÙNG CÔ NGỌC LAN https://www.facebook.com/luu.n.lan Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions A argumentative B psychological /ˌɑːɡjuˈmentətɪv/ /ˌsaɪkəˈlɒdʒɪkl/ A essential /kənˈtrɪbjətəri/ B psychological /ˌsaɪkəˈlɒdʒɪkl/ /ɪˈsenʃl/ C contributory C contributory /kənˈtrɪbjətəri/ D hypersensitive /ˌhaɪpəˈsensətɪv/ D hypersensitive /ˌhaɪpəˈsensətɪv/ Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions After the critics see the two plays, they will, as a result of their experience and background, A B C be able to judge which is the most effective and moving D D: phần trước đề cập hai kịch, nên dùng hình thức so sánh (comparative) “more” The first laser is made by an American scientist called Theodore Maiman working in A B C D California in 1960 B phải dùng hình thức khứ đơn “was made” nói việc khứ “in 1960” Land covers almost third of the earth’s surface, of which two-thirds is too cold and too dry A B C D for farming B: phải dùng “a third” “one-third” có nghĩa “một phần ba” Choose the best answer from A, B, C or D to indicate the right answer to each of the following sentences AIDS is A a so serious disease that scientists are doing research to find a cure B so a serious diseases C so serious a disease D a such serious LUYỆN THI ĐẠI HỌC MÔN TIẾNG ANH CÙNG CÔ NGỌC LAN https://www.facebook.com/luu.n.lan disease Ta có công thức: S + tobe + SO + ADJ + A + N + that + S + can/could + V : để làm She wants to find a job in order to be financially independent her parents A of B at C on D with Công thức: Tobe independent of smt: Độc lập khỏi 10 Jason asked me A if who gave me the book the day before B if who has given C who had given D that who had given Câu thuộc dạng câu tường thuật dạng câu hỏi : Wh – question Ta có công thức: S + asked + O + wh – word + S + V (lùi so câu gốc) Ta thất: the day before – tường thuật cảu: yesterday => Động từ lùi khứ hoàn thành Đặc biệt trường hợp này: Who đảm nhiệm chức chủ ngữ Vì đáp án C đáp án 11 I don‟t want to excuse _ my absence, but please excuse me _ cleaning the board in three months A for – of B of – for C for – from D from – of Đáp án C for – from Giải thích  Excuse for sth/doing sth: viện cớ cho  Excuse sb from sth/doing sth: miễn cho gì/việc E.g: we are excused from studying today Let‟s go eating 12 The overcrowded living conditions a heavy strain on the family A set B put C made D press Ta có cụm từ: Put a heavy strain on smt/smb: đặt gắng nặng cho 13 My mother often our mistakes, whereas my father is very strict and punishes us for even the slightest one A neglects B overlooks C avoids D passes LUYỆN THI ĐẠI HỌC MÔN TIẾNG ANH CÙNG CÔ NGỌC LAN https://www.facebook.com/luu.n.lan Tạm dịch: “Mẹ thường _sai lầm chúng tôi, cha nghiêm khắc trừng phạt cho dù lỗi nhỏ nhất.” A neglects (v) sap nhãng, lơ B overlooks (v) lờ đi, bỏ qua C avoids (v) tránh, né D passes (v) qua, vượt qua 14 John will never buy you a drink - he's far too A tight-fisted B pigheaded C highly-strung D easy-going Tạm dịch: John không mua cho bạn đồ uống - anh A hà tiện B bướng bỉnh C căng thẳng D dễ => Đáp án A – phù hợp với nội dung câu 15 Do you deny A to discuss this with the defendant on the day in question? B discussing C of having discussed D to have discussed Ta có: Deny + Ving: từ chối làm điều ( Thuộc nội dung ngữ pháp V/TOV/Ving) 16 He retired early A on account of ill-health B ahead of C on behalf of Tạm dich câu đề: “ Cô nghỉ hưu sớm sức khỏe yếu” A on account of : vì, nguyên nhân B ahead of : phía trước C on behalf of : thay mặt cho ( tập thể ) D in front of : đằng trước ( nói vị trí ) Đáp án A – phù hợp nội dung câu 17 I objected to all the work myself D in front of LUYỆN THI ĐẠI HỌC MÔN TIẾNG ANH CÙNG CÔ NGỌC LAN https://www.facebook.com/luu.n.lan A to being asked B to asking C being asked D to be asked Ta có: Object + to V-ing: Phản đối làm Câu mang nghĩa bị động ta có: Object + to + being + Ved/3 : Phản đổi bị làm 18 I really must go an lie down for a while; I’ve got a _headache A.cutting B spliting C.ringing D.cracking Cụm thành ngữ: A spliting headache: đau đầu búa bổ 19 _he would have been able to pass the exam A If he studied more B If he were studying more C Studying more D Had he studied more Đây dạng câu điều kiện loại III Vì ta thấy đáp án D phù hợp ( Đáp án D - dạng đảo ngữ câu điều kiện loại III ) Had + S + Ved/3 , S + would + have + Ved/3 Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges 20 - Mary: "Don't fail to send your parents my regards" - Jack: " A You're welcome B Good idea, thanks C Thanks, I will D It's my pleasure " Mary: "Đừng quên gửi cha mẹ bạn lời hỏi thăm tôi" - Jack: " _" A Không có B Ý tưởng tốt, thanks C Cảm ơn, D Đó vinh dự Ta thấy câu đề mang tính chất nhắc nhở đáp án C – thích hợp đáp lại 21 Roger: ''Wow! You look terrific in that new dress!" Tina: " ” A Oh, what a pity! B I'm afraid so! C That's very kind of you! 21 Roger: '' Wow! Bạn nhìn tuyệt vời áo "Tina:" " D Why dare you say so? LUYỆN THI ĐẠI HỌC MÔN TIẾNG ANH CÙNG CÔ NGỌC LAN https://www.facebook.com/luu.n.lan A Ồ, thật đáng tiếc! B Tôi sợ vậy! C Bạn thật tử tế ! ( Câu dùng đáp lại người khác đưa lời khen) D Tại bạn dám nói vậy? Read the following passage on social issues in American schools, and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks from 71 to 80 In addition to the challenge to be excellent, American schools have been facing novel problems They must (22) _ with an influx of immigrant children, many of whom speak little or no English They must respond to demands that the curriculum reflect the various cultures of all children Schools must make sure that students develop basic skills for the job market, and they must consider the needs of nontraditional students, such as teenage mothers Schools are (23) these problems in ways that reflect the diversity of the US educational system They are hiring or training large numbers of teachers of English as a second language and, in some communities, setting up bilingual schools They are opening (24) the traditional European-centered curriculum to embrace material from African, Asian, and other cultures Schools are also teaching cognitive skills to the nearly 40 percent of American students who not go on to higher education In the (25) of a recent report by the Commission on Achieving Necessary Skills, “A strong back, the willingness to work, and a high school diploma were once all that was necessary to make a start in America They are no longer A well-developed mind, a continued willingness to learn and the ability to put knowledge to work are the new keys (26) _ _ the future of our young people, the success of our business, and the economic well-being of the nation.” (Extracted from InfoUSA – CD Version) 22 A B Stay C fight D cope 22 D cope: cụm động từ “cope with” có nghĩa “đối phó với = to deal with” 23 A addressing B delivering C distributing D discharging A addressing: động từ “adress something” có nghĩa “cố gắng giải vấn đề = to try to deal with a problem or a question by doing things to improve a situation” LUYỆN THI ĐẠI HỌC MÔN TIẾNG ANH CÙNG CÔ NGỌC LAN https://www.facebook.com/luu.n.lan Ý nghĩa câu: “Các trường học cố gắng giải vấn đề theo cách phản ảnh đa dạng hệ thống giáo dục Hoa Kì” 24 A on B into C for D up 24 D up: cụm động từ “to open up” có nghĩa “mở rộng = to improve a situation by making it less limited” 25 A minds B directions C words D ways 25 C words: cụm từ “In the words of a recent report” có nghĩa “Trong lời lẽ báo cáo đây….” 26 A to B at C in D for 26 A to: dùng giới từ “to” sau danh từ “keys”: “the key(s) to sth = chìa khóa cách giải cho việc gì” Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is CLOSEST in meaning to each of the following questions 27 Soil erosion is a result of forests being cut down carelessly A That forests are being cut down carelessly results from soil erosion B Soil erosion contributes to forests being cut down carelessly C Soil erosion results in forests being cut down carelessly D That forests are being cut down carelessly leads to soil erosion 27 D That foresta are being cut down carelessly leads to soil erosion “Việc khu rừng bị chặt phá bừa bãi dẫn đến tình trạng xói mòn đất”, câu sát nghĩa với câu cho sẵn: “Tình trạng xói mòn đất hậu việc chặt phá rừng bừa bãi” Câu A sai cách dùng động từ “results from” Câu B sai mặt ý nghĩa Câu C sai mặt ý nghĩa, động từ “result in” có nghĩa “gây hậu quả” 28 She did not study hard enough to win the scholarship A She studied hard but she could not win the scholarship LUYỆN THI ĐẠI HỌC MÔN TIẾNG ANH CÙNG CÔ NGỌC LAN https://www.facebook.com/luu.n.lan B Winning the scholarship did not make her study harder C She could have won the scholarship if she had studied harder D It was very hard for her to win the scholarship 28 C She could have won the scholarship if she had studies harder “Cô kiếm học bổng cô học chăm hơn”, câu sát ý nghĩa với câu cho sẵn: “Cô không học đủ chăm để kiếm học bổng” Chúng ta xem lại cách viết lại câu với câu điều kiện  Các câu A, B C sai mặt ý nghĩa 29 “Please accept my apology for arriving late,” said Janet to her employer A Janet apologised to her employer for her late arrival B Janet thought she would apologise to her employer for arriving late C Janet quickly made an apology and the employer accepted it D Janet had to make an apology because her employer demanded it 29 A Janet apologised to her employer for her late arrival: “Janet xin lỗi ông chủ đến trễ”, câu tường thuật ý nghĩa với câu cho sẵn câu nói trực tiếp: “Xin ông chấp nhận lời xin lỗi đến trễ” Ta có công thức: S + apoplogised to sb + for Ving : Xin lỗi điều Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions 30 The doctor examined the patient thoroughly He wanted to know, why he had collapsed A Although the doctor examined the patient thoroughly, he hardly knew why he had collapsed B The doctor gave the patient a thorough examination to discover the cause of his collapse C The purpose of the doctor's thorough axamination was to reduce the patient's collapse D The reason why the patient collapsed was discovered by the doctor's examination Câu thuộc dạng mệnh đề /cụm từ mục đích : In order to / So as to / To + V(bare inf) Ta thấy, kết hợp câu B xác LUYỆN THI ĐẠI HỌC MÔN TIẾNG ANH CÙNG CÔ NGỌC LAN https://www.facebook.com/luu.n.lan ( Chúng ta cần xem lại cách kết hợp hai câu sử dụng cụm từ mục đích) 31 He has to move toa coastal town In this way, his health can be improved A He has to move to a coastal town for the sake of his health B If his health can be improved, he'll have to move to a coastal town C When his health is better, he'll move to a coastal town D He'sthinkjng about moving to a coastal town no matter how good his health becomes Ta có cụm từ: For sake of + smt/smb : Vì lợi ích của , Câu đề bài: “He has to move toa coastal town In this way, his health can be improved.”  Tạm dịch: “ Anh phải chuyển thị trấn ven biển Bằng cách này, sức khỏe anh cải thiện” Ý câu mục đích làm  Đáp án A hoàn toàn xác nội dung ngữ pháp Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions NATONAL FLAGS The flag, the most common symbol of national identity in the modern world, is also one of the most ancient The traditional flag of fabric is still used to mark buildings, ships, and diplomatic caravans by national affiliation, but its visual design makes it adaptable for other roles as well Most flags have a compact, rectangular shape and distinct visual symbolism Their strong colors and geometric patterns are usually instantly recognizable even if miniaturized to less than a square centimeter Images of flags can thus serve as identifying icons on airliners, television broadcasts, and computer displays Despite its simplicity, the national flag as we know it today is in no way a primitive artifact It is, rather, the product of millennia of development in many corners of the globe Historians believe it had two major ancestors, of which the earlier served to indicate wind direction Early human societies used very fragile shelters and boats Their food sources were similarly vulnerable to disruption Even after various grains had been domesticated, people needed cooperation from the elements to assure good harvests For all these reason, they feared and depended on the power of the wind, which could bring warmth from one direction and cold from another LUYỆN THI ĐẠI HỌC MÔN TIẾNG ANH CÙNG CÔ NGỌC LAN https://www.facebook.com/luu.n.lan Ascertaining the direction of the wind using a simple strip of cloth tied to the top of a post was more reliable than earlier methods, such as watching the rising of smoke from a fire or the swaying of field grasses The association of these prototypes of the flag with divine power was therefore a natural one Tribes began to fix long cloth flutters to the tops of totems before carrying them into battle, believing that the magical assistance of the wind would be added to the blessings of the gods and ancestors represented by the totem itself These flutters may seem like close kin of our present-day flags, but the path through history from one to the other wanders through thousands of years and over several continents The first known flag of a nation or ruler was unmarked: The king who established the Chou Dynasty in China (around 1000 B.C.) was reputed to have a white flag carried ahead of him This practice may have been adopted from Egyptians even further in the past, but it was from China that it spread over trade routes through India, then across Arab lands, and finally to medieval Europe In Europe, the Chinese-derived flag met up with the modern flag's second ancestor, the heraldic crest The flags used in Asia may have been differentiated by color, but they rarely featured emblems or pictures European nobles of the medieval period had, however, developed a system of crests (symbols or insignias specific to particular families) that were commonly mounted on hard surfaces; shields to be used in battle often displayed them especially prominently The production of these crests on flags permitted them to be used as heralds, meaning that they functioned as visual announcements that a member of an important household was present While crests began to appear on flags as well as shields, the number of prominent families was also increasing They required an ever greater number of combinations of stripes, crosses, flowers, and mythical animals to distinguish themselves These survived as the basic components of flag design when small regional kingdoms were later combined into larger nation-states They remain such for many European countries today Some nations, particularly those whose colors and emblems date back several hundred years, have different flags for different official uses For example, the flag of Poland is a simple rectangle with a white upper half and red lower half The colors themselves have been associated with Polish nationalism since the 1700s They originated as the colors of the Piast family, which during its rule displayed a crest bearing a white eagle on a red field Homage is paid to the Piast Dynasty in the Polish ensign, the flag officially used at sea Unlike the familiar plain flag flown on land, the ensign has a red shield with a white eagle centered on its upper white stripe LUYỆN THI ĐẠI HỌC MÔN TIẾNG ANH CÙNG CÔ NGỌC LAN https://www.facebook.com/luu.n.lan 32 Paragraph of the passage describes the design of the typical flag as _ A unfamiliar to people from other countries B likely to change as technology improves C suited to many different uses D older than the country it represents Đáp án C suited to many different uses Giải thích: “The traditional flag of fabric is still used to mark buildings, ships, and diplomatic caravans by national affiliation, but its visual design makes it adaptable for other roles as well.” 33 In paragraph 1, the word “miniaturized” is closest in meaning to _ A publicized B colored C made brighter D made smaller Giải thích  Miniaturize: tiểu họa (từ tranh lớn vẽ lại thành cỡ nhỏ) thu nhỏ  Publicize: quảng bá, công khai  Color : tô màu  Make brighter: làm cho sáng Đáp an D : đồng nghĩa với :miniaturized” 34 In paragraph 2, the word “primitive” is closest in meaning to _ B ancient B unsophisticated C identifiable D replaceablef  Primitive: nguyên thủy, thô sơ  Ancient: cổ đại, cổ xưa  Unsophisticated: bản, đơn giản, chưa nâng cấp, tối tân  Identifiable: nhận dạng  Replaceable: thay  Đáp án B 35 The earliest ancestors of the flag were associated with divine power because _ A they were flown as high in the sky as people could reach B they were woven from valuable field grasses LUYỆN THI ĐẠI HỌC MÔN TIẾNG ANH CÙNG CÔ NGỌC LAN https://www.facebook.com/luu.n.lan C they moved with the wind D tribes that flew them always won battles Đáp án C they moved with the wind Giải thích “Ascertaining the direction of the wind using a simple strip of cloth tied to the top of a post was more reliable than earlier methods, such as watching the rising of smoke from a fire or the swaying of field grasses The association of these prototypes of the flag with divine power was therefore a natural one.” Câu hiểu dùng nhiều phương pháp để xác định hướng gió dùng vải buộc lên đỉnh cột đáng tin cậy pp khác 36 According to paragraph of the passage, the first known national flag in history _ A was not carried into battle B is still used in China today C was copied by the Egyptians D was not colored or patterned Đáp án D was not colored or patterned Giải thích “The first known flag of a nation or ruler was unmarked: The king who established the Chou Dynasty in China (around 1000 B.C.) was reputed to have a white flag carried ahead of him …”  C sai cách dùng cờ triểu nhà Chu bắt chước người Ai cập người AI cập bắt chước 37 As discussed in the passage, a crest is _ A the most important member of a household B the color of a particular flag C the symbol of a particular family D a European noble Đáp án C the symbol of a particular family Giải thích “European nobles of the medieval period had, however, developed a system of crests(symbols or insignias specific to particular families)…” LUYỆN THI ĐẠI HỌC MÔN TIẾNG ANH CÙNG CÔ NGỌC LAN https://www.facebook.com/luu.n.lan 38 According to paragraph of the passage, the number of flag designs increased because _ A fewer shields were being made for battle B nation-states were becoming larger C artists had greater freedom in creating flags D more families wanted their own symbols Đáp án D more families wanted their own symbols Giải thích “While crests began to appear on flags as well as shields, the number of prominent families was also increasing” 39 The two flags of Poland mentioned in the passage differ in that _ A they not use the same colors B they originally represented different families C only one is used officially D one does not have a crest Đáp án D one does not have a crest Giải thích “Homage is paid to the Piast Dynasty in the Polish ensign, the flag officially used at sea Unlike the familiar plain flag flown on land, the ensign has a red shield with a white eagle centered on its upper white stripe.” Câu hiểu có hai cờ, biển có biểu tượng đại bàng trắng, đất liền nguyên màu trắng Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions Although management principles have been implemented since ancient times, most management scholars trace the beginning of modem management thought back to the early 1900s, beginning with the pioneering work of Frederick Taylor (1856-1915) Taylor was the first person to study work scientifically He is most famous for introducing techniques of time and motion study, differential piece rate systems, and for systematically specializing the work of operating employees and managers Along with other pioneers such as Frank and Lillian Gilbreth, Taylor set the stage, labeling his philosophy and methods "scientific management" At that time, his philosophy, which was concerned with productivity, but which was often misinterpreted as promoting worker interests at the expense of management, was in marked contrast to the prevailing industrial LUYỆN THI ĐẠI HỌC MÔN TIẾNG ANH CÙNG CÔ NGỌC LAN https://www.facebook.com/luu.n.lan norms of worker exploitation The time and motion study concepts were popularized by Frank and Lillian Gilbreth The Gilbreths had 12 children By analyzing his children's dishwashing and bedmaking chores, this pioneer efficiency expert, Frank Gilbreth, hit on principles whereby workers could eliminate waste motion He was memorialized by two of his children in their 1949 book called "Cheaper by the Dozen" The Gilbreth methods included using stop watches to time worker movements and special tools (cameras and special clocks) to monitor and study worker performance, and also involved identification of "therbligs" (Gilbreth spelled backwards) - basic motions used in production jobs Many of these motions and accompanying times have been used to determine how long it should take a skilled worker to perform a given job In this way an industrial engineer can get a handle on the approximate time it should take to produce a product or provide a service However, use of work analysis in this way is unlikely to lead to useful results unless all five work dimensions are considered: physical, psychological, social, cultural, and power 40 What is the passage primarily about? A The limitations of pioneering studies in understanding human behavior B How time and motion studies were first developed C The first applications of a scientific approach to understanding human behavior D The beginnings of modem management theory 41 The word "which" in paragraph, one refers to _ A scientific management B philosophy C productivity D time and motion study 42 It can be inferred from the first paragraph that A workers welcomed the application of scientific management B Talor's philosophy is different from the industrial norms C by the early 1900s science had reached a stage where it could be applied to the work place D workers were no longer exploited after the- introduction of scientific management 43 The word "prevailing" in the first paragraph is closest in meaning to A predominant B broadly accepted C prevalent D common 44 According to the passage, Frank Gilbreth discovered how workers could eliminate waste motion by A using special tools such as cameras and clocks B using stop watches LUYỆN THI ĐẠI HỌC MÔN TIẾNG ANH CÙNG CÔ NGỌC LAN https://www.facebook.com/luu.n.lan C applying scientific management principles D watching his children their chores 45 The basic motions used in production jobs were given which one of following names by Frank Gilbreth? A dimensions B gilreths C therbligs 46 All of the following are true except D monitors A scientific management was concerned with productivity B the beginnings of modern management thought commenced in the 19th century C Frank Gilbreth's fame was enhanced by two of his children writing a book D analyzing work to increase productivity is not likely to be useful unless all of the dimensions are considered Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is CLOSEST meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions 47 You may find that jogging is detrimental to your health rather than beneficial A helpful B facile C depressing D harmful Detrimental (a) có hại, thiệt hại cho; bất lợi cho A helpful (a) có ích, hữu ích B facile (a) dễ dàng giành hoàn thành (nên không đánh giá cao); dễ dãi; dễ C depressing (a) làm chán nản, làm thất vọng, làm ngã lòng; làm buồn rầu, làm buồn phiền, làm phiền muộn D harmful (a) gây tai hại có hại 48 The hostess was affronted by Bill's failure to thank her for dinner A affable B insulted C afflicted D confronted Affronted (a) lăng mạ, lăng nhục A affable (v) lịch sự, nhã nhặn, hoà nhã; niềm nở, ân cần B insulted (v) lăng mạ, làm nhục, sỉ nhục; xúc phạm đến phẩm giá C afflicted (v) làm đau đớn, làm đau buồn, làm ưu phiền, làm khổ sở D confronted (v) làm cho phải đương đầu coi ai/cái không dễ chịu, khó khăn Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is OPPOSITE meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions LUYỆN THI ĐẠI HỌC MÔN TIẾNG ANH CÙNG CÔ NGỌC LAN https://www.facebook.com/luu.n.lan 49 The war was to have a profound effect on all our lives A shallow B surface C general D superficial Profound (a) sâu sắc, uyên thâm, thâm thúy A shallow (a) nông, không sâu B surface : bề mặt C general (a) tác động đến tất hầu hết người, nơi, vật; chung; phổ biến D superficial (a) nông cạn, hời hợt, thiển cận, không kỹ lưỡng, không sâu sắc 50 As the bus stopped, the two bombs exploded simultaneously A at different times B accidentally C all of a sudden D once a while Simultaneously (adv) đồng thời, xảy lúc, làm lúc Ta thấy đáp án A: A at different times : thời điểm khác ( Trái nghĩa với từ in đậm) ... composition of the Earth's crust LUYỆN THI ĐẠI HỌC MÔN TIẾNG ANH CÙNG CÔ NGỌC LAN https://www.facebook.com/luu.n.lan 34 Với chủ đề sau chủ đề đoạn văn chủ yếu đề cập tới ? A Vị trí cac lớn Trái đất... nghĩa sát với đề Câu đề bài: Mang tính chất phụ thuộc thời tiết Ta có: depend on: phụ thuộc vào LUYỆN THI ĐẠI HỌC MÔN TIẾNG ANH CÙNG CÔ NGỌC LAN https://www.facebook.com/luu.n.lan 48 Tracy and... an unusual orbit 40 The author compares the fragments of comet Shoemaker-Levy to all of the following EXCEP A a train B a giant planet C a pearl necklace D a dismembered body 41 Before comet Shoemaker-Levy
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