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SỞ GIÁO DỤC ĐÀO TẠO ĐỀ CHÍNH THỨC (Đề gồm có 04 trang) ÔN THI TỐT NGHIỆP TRUNG HỌC PHỔ THÔNG NĂM HỌC 2016- 2017 MÔN TIẾNG ANH ~ ĐỀ 000 Thời gian: 60 phút - không tính thời gian giao đề TNPT 81 MASTER COPY ~ WITH KEY Read the following passage and choose the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions Education is an issue which concerns many people in the UK as well as round the world In England, Wales and Northern Ireland pupils sit GCSE (General Certificate in Secondary Education) exams followed years later by A (Advanced) levels Pupils in Scotland follow a different system, finishing their time at school with the Higher Leaving Certificate One particular worry - why are boys doing so badly? Some twenty years ago, the performance of girls and boys in class was compared Boys scored better in exams, so various measures were introduced to improve the performance of girls, including having single sex girl only classes Now, the situation is reversed, with girls consistently out-performing boys So, what has gone wrong with boys, and what can be done about it? John Dunsford, leader of the association of head teachers of secondary schools, says that that the academic failure of boys is a problem which has its roots in society rather than the classroom Girls, more than boys, see education as a passport to a good job On the other hand, according to Penny Lewis, a head teacher, young men lack confidence, which they hide with a show of bravado They're uncertain about their place in society Some boys grow up in families where there is no male role model to follow Moreover, boys may learn in a different way to girls, preferring small amounts of work with immediate deadlines rather than large projects stretching into the distance And education is not seen as "cool" As one contributor to a BBC website put it, "Girls achieve more at school because they are watching the future while the boys are watching the girls." This is not just a problem in Britain In a study by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development and UNESCO, girls out-performed boys at reading at the age of 15 in all 45 countries The UK ranks ninth out of the 45 countries for reading despite the fact that pupils in the UK spend less time reading than in most other countries Interestingly, the study suggested that British children read for pleasure more often than those in other countries (Source: http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/news/britain/education.shtml) Question 1: Which of the following is true according to the passage? A Boys don't well at school because of what happens in class B Boys pay too much attention to girls to learn well at school C Boys prefer to work on large projects D Boys have always scored better in exams than girls Question 2: Which of the following could best serve as the title of passage? A How to change the process of teaching in schools B Closing the gender gap in our schools C The UK succeeds in advancing in global school rankings D Differences in learning style between girls and boys in class Question 3: The phrase "a show of bravado" in the passage refers to A their lack of confidence at work B showing what they think or they tend to C doing things which make them appear courageous D expressing their support and appreciation Question 4: Some boys are not sure of themselves because of A their financial capability B their family situations C their lack of family support D their low self-esteem Question 5: What does the author mean by the phrase "see education as a passport" in the passage? A Girls regard education as a way of enabling them to go further and more in life B Girls think that learning is the key to the opportunity to go to many countries in the world C Girls try their best to avoid drifting out of school without qualifications and be better at socializing D Girls see education as a means of broading their knowledge and exposuring to diverse cultures, Question 6: It is stated in the passage that A Nowadays, boys' educational success reflects wider social changes B Now that girls have drawn ahead, schools are working hard to raise boys' achievement C Boys achieve better results than girls at GCSE and A-level D Girls are much more likely to go to university and are expecting to take the better-paid jobs Question 7: What does the word "cool" in the passage mostly mean? A interesting B unattractive C fashionable D priceless Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions Question 8: As most of their houses were badly damaged after the earthquake, many people had to be in a stadium A put away B put up C put off D put out Question 9: Many experts agree that there is a possibility in this area in the following days A that some more earthquakes may happen B where may some more earthquakes happen C what may some more earthquakes happen D when some more earthquakes may happen Question 10: Some researchers are finding that daydreaming may be important to mental health and it is good means of relaxation A Ø - Ø B Ø - the C Ø - a D the - Ø Question 11: The local government .him the prize for his bravery A won B rewarded C presented D awarded Question 12: There was a .look on her face because a .problem .the little girl A puzzled; puzzling; puzzled B puzzled; puzzled; puzzled C puzzling; puzzling; puzzled D puzzling; puzzled; puzzling Question 13: This is the biggest lab we have ever built in our university A which B what C that D where Question 14: Henry has come in his raincoat and boots, .for rain A preparing B to prepare C prepares D prepared Question 15: for the timely investment from the general public, our company would not be so thriving as it is A Be it not B Had it not been C Were it not D Should it not Question 16: Not having promoted the new digital camera successfully, the company should its original marketing methods A work out B account for C reflect on D call up Question 17: Due to the violent nuclear leakage, the of the electricity supplies put Japan's northeastern cities in a sate of chaos A currency B variety C failure D absence Question 18: As their products find their way into the international market, their brand is gaining popularity A with B in C on D from Question 19: Only my cousin has chosen to apply for a job in Africa .the majority of this year's graduates working in Britain A in common with B by reason of C in contrast to D as well as Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions Question 20: I was not surprised to hear that Harry had failed his driving test A If Harry had not failed his driving test, I would have been surprised B It came as no surprise to me that Harry had failed his driving test C Harry's having failed his driving test is not my surprise D By having failed his driving test, Harry made no surprise Question 21: The Prime Minister is unlikely to call an early general election A It's likely that the Prime Minister will call an early general election B There is little likelihood of the Prime Minister calling an early general election C The likelihood is great that the Prime Minister will call an early general election D The likelihood is that the Prime Minister will call an early general election Question 22: It is acknowledged that Vietnam had a complete control over SARS from a very early stage of the epidemic A Vietnam is acknowledged to have a complete control over SARS from a very early stage of the epidemic B Vietnam is acknowledged to have completely controlled SARS from a very early stage of the epidemic C Vietnam is acknowledged to have controlled SARS from a very early stage of the epidemic D Vietnam was acknowledged to have had a complete control over SARS from a very early stage of the epidemic Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions Question 23: He has been giving most of his money to charity He hopes to ease the pain and suffering of the disadvantaged A Giving most of his money to charity, he hopes to ease the pain and suffering of the disadvantaged B Easing the pain and suffering of the disadvantaged made him give most of his money to charity C Hoping to ease the pain and suffering of the disadvantaged, he has given them most of his money D He has been giving most of his money to the disadvantaged to ease their pain and suffering Question 24: I was extremely annoyed at the way new boss treated us all I tried not to show it A The new boss behaved towards us badly that someone just had to let him know how angry we were B I made an effort to hide from the new boss the anger I felt at his treatment of us C I couldn't help letting the new boss see just how angry he made me with those remarks to us D The new boss treated us all so badly that I couldn't hide my disgust from him Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges Question 25: ~ Jack: "Excuse me, but could I trouble you for some change?" ~ Alex: " Will pennies do?" A Never mind B I am sure C I know D Let me see Question 26: ~ Waiter: "May I take your order now, sir?" ~ Mr Smith: " " A Ok, here is my bill B Sure, it's delicious C Thanks, I've really had enough D Yes, I'd like some fish and chips Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions Question 27: Harriet Beecher Stowe was an obscure writer until the publication of Uncle Tom’s Cabin A popular B unknown C infamous D eminent Question 28: Scientists have achieved findings substantial enough to remove our fear of GM foods A convincing B controversial C conducive D abundant Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks Though many stories from around the world describe behavioural changes in various animals in the days and hours before an earthquake, research testing animals' ability to predict earthquakes has been (29) Recently, however, scientists were able to document the behaviours of a group of toads before, during, and after an earthquake Researchers were studying the breeding habits of a particular group of toads, when, suddenly, 96 percent of the males simply (30) for a five-day period A significant earthquake and several aftershocks (31) on the fifth day after the departure Six days after the last aftershock, the males returned and resumed mating, as if (32) had happened It turns out that prior to the earthquake, there had been subtle changes in the Earth's magnetic field, and an increase in the amount of radon gas in the groundwater (33) , there were unusual electrical disturbances in the upper atmosphere (Adapted from "Practice Tests for the ECPE Book - Test 4") Question 29:A undertaken B rare C released D available Question 30:A jumped B walked C fought D disappeared Question 31:A left B occurred C went D formed Question 32:A whatever B nothing C it D earthquake Question 33:A At least B Alternatively C Additionally D Always Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions Question 34: Despite much research, there are still certain elements in the life cycle of the insect that is not fully understood A Despite B is C in D understood Question 35: In 1921 Einstein won the Nobel Prize, and was honoured in Germany until the rise of Nazism, then he was driven from Germany because he was a Jew A then B the rise C was honoured D from Question 36: It is estimated that at least a million meteors have hit the Earth's surface, which is only 25 percentage of the planet A is estimated B million C percentage D have hit Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions Question 37:A exclude B expire C expert D exceed Question 38:A industrial B infallible C intimacy D intensity Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions Question 39:A proposal B dissolve C preserve D resident Question 40:A coughed B laughed C wretched D toughed Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions Question 41: I've worked with her for donkey’s years, and I still don't know how to use the photocopier A from time to time B for good and all C for a short time D from the beginning Question 42: My wife will never admit that she's wrong, even when she knows she is She's so pig-headed A obstinate B obedient C stubborn D careful Read the following passage and choose the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions The economic growth that many nations in Asia and increasingly Africa have experienced over the past couple of decades has transformed hundreds of millions of lives - almost entirely for the better But there's a byproduct to that growth, one that's evident - or sometimes less than evident - in the smoggy, smelly skies above cities like Beijing, New Delhi and Jakara Thanks to new cars and power plants, air pollution is bad and getting worse in much of the world, and it's taking a major toll on global health How big? According to a new analysis published in the Lancet, more than 3.2 million people suffered deaths from air pollution in 2010, the largest number on record That's up from 800,000 in 2000 And it's a regional problem: 65% of those deaths occurred in Asia, where the air is choked by diesel soot from cars and trucks, as well as the song from power plants and the dust from endless urban construction In East Asia and China, 1.2 million people died, as well as another 712,000 in South Asia, including India For the first time ever, air pollution is on the world's top - 10 list of killers, and it's moving up the ranks faster than any other factor So how can air pollution be so damaging? It is the very finest soot - so small that it roots deep within the lungs and then enters the bloodstream - that contributes to most of the public - health toll of air pollution including death Diesel soot, which can also cause cancer, is a major problem because it is concentrated in cities along transportation zones affecting overpopulated areas It is thought to contribute to half the deaths from air pollution in urban centers For example, in people in the u.s live near a diesel - pollution hot spot like a rail yard, port terminal or freeway We also know that air pollution may be linked to other non-deadly diseases Fortunately in the U.S and other developed nations, urban air is for the most part cleaner than it was 30 or 40 years ago, thanks to regulations and new technologies like the catalytic converters that reduce automobile emissions Governments are also pushing to make air cleaner - see the White House's move last week to further tighten soot standards It's not perfect, but we've had much more success dealing with air pollution than climate change Will developing nations like India eventually catch up? Hopefully - though the problem may get worse before it gets better The good news is that it doesn't take a major technological advance to improve urban air Switching from diesel fuel to unleaded helps, as newer and cleaner cars which are less likely to send out pollutants Power plants - even ones that burn mineral fuels like coal - can be fitted with pollution - control equipment that, at a price, will greatly reduce smog and other pollutants But the best solutions may involve urban design In the Guardian, John Vidal notes that Delhi now has 200 cars per 1,000 people, far more than much richer Asian cities like Hong Kong and Singapore Developing cities will almost certainly see an increase in car ownership as residents become wealthier - and that doesn't have to mean deadly air pollution Higher incomes should also lead to tougher environmental regulations, which is exactly what happened in the West We can only hope it happens before the death toll from bad air gets even higher (Source: http://science.time.com by Bryan Walsh) Question 43: The phrase "taking a major toll" in paragraph is closest in meaning to A leading to danger B having a bad effect C creating motivation D making it possible Question 44: All of the following statements are true according to the passage EXCEPT A The tightening of the emission standards has helped people solve some of the immediate environmental problems, for example, tackle air pollution B Many efforts have been put into the reduction of the emission of pollutants through the tightening of legislation on new vehicles C The report found that the number of people suffering deaths from air pollution in 2010 is greater than that in 2000 D Air pollution may have been responsible for our mental health problems and prematurely robbed US of our lives Question 45: According to the passage, the writer actually wants to convince the readers that A the developing countries are repeating the same mistakes as the developed ones made B the global economic growth is mainly to blame for air pollution and climate change C the unbeatable air is increasingly becoming a major killer throughout the world D the ecological situation and air pollution in India are becoming worse and worse Question 46: By describing urban design as "the best solutions" in the last paragraph, the writer means that A the pace of development has to be slowed down to reduce air pollution B more sever regulations should be made to handle air pollution C the making of tougher environmental regulations alone is of little use D the urban construction in western developed countries is the best choice Question 47: What tends to give rise to the highest death toll according to the passage? A The lack of tight environmental protection standards B The increasing numbers of the diesel cars and trucks C The frighteningly high death rate from deadly cancer D The world's serious air pollution such as soot and dust Question 48: The word "byproduct" in paragraph most probably refers to A design B consequence C solution D reform Question 49: The basic reason why so many people die from air pollution is that A the diesel soot roots in lungs and gets into blood B the diesel soot is too small to be seen C the diesel soot is much too poisonous to breathe D the diesel soot can also contribute to deadly cancer Question 50: According to the passage, which of the following is an example of measure taken to help generate less emissions? A Many nations encourage people to avoid densely populated areas B The government minimizes the number of people using car in major cities C People increase the use of vehicles powered by mineral fuels D Catalytic converters are applied to exhaust systems in automobiles SỞ GIÁO DỤC ĐÀO TẠO ĐỀ CHÍNH THỨC (Đề gồm có 04 trang) Mark(s) ÔN THI TỐT NGHIỆP TRUNG HỌC PHỔ THÔNG NĂM HỌC 2016- 2017 MÔN TIẾNG ANH ~ ĐỀ 485 Thời gian: 60 phút - không tính thời gian giao đề Phách ……… Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions Question 1:A coughed B laughed C toughed D wretched Question 2:A preserve B proposal C dissolve D resident Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions Question 3: for the timely investment from the general public, our company would not be so thriving as it is A Be it not B Were it not C Should it not D Had it not been Question 4: Some researchers are finding that daydreaming may be important to mental health and it is good means of relaxation A Ø - a B Ø - the C Ø - Ø D the - Ø Question 5: There was a .look on her face because a .problem .the little girl A puzzled; puzzling; puzzled B puzzling; puzzling; puzzled C puzzled; puzzled; puzzled D puzzling; puzzled; puzzling Question 6: Due to the violent nuclear leakage, the of the electricity supplies put Japan's northeastern cities in a sate of chaos A currency B absence C failure D variety Question 7: The local government .him the prize for his bravery A awarded B presented C rewarded D won Question 8: Not having promoted the new digital camera successfully, the company should its original marketing methods A reflect on B work out C call up D account for Question 9: This is the biggest lab we have ever built in our university A where B what C which D that Question 10: As their products find their way into the international market, their brand is gaining popularity A from B with C in D on Question 11: Many experts agree that there is a possibility in this area in the following days A what may some more earthquakes happen B that some more earthquakes may happen C where may some more earthquakes happen D when some more earthquakes may happen Question 12: As most of their houses were badly damaged after the earthquake, many people had to be in a stadium A put out B put away C put up D put off Question 13: Henry has come in his raincoat and boots, .for rain A to prepare B prepared C prepares D preparing Question 14: Only my cousin has chosen to apply for a job in Africa .the majority of this year's graduates working in Britain A in common with B as well as C in contrast to D by reason of Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions Question 15: It is estimated that at least a million meteors have hit the Earth's surface, which is only 25 percentage of the planet A is estimated B percentage C million D have hit Question 16: Despite much research, there are still certain elements in the life cycle of the insect that is not fully understood A understood B Despite C in D is Question 17: In 1921 Einstein won the Nobel Prize, and was honoured in Germany until the rise of Nazism, then he was driven from Germany because he was a Jew A from B the rise C then D was honoured Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks Though many stories from around the world describe behavioural changes in various animals in the days and hours before an earthquake, research testing animals' ability to predict earthquakes has been (18) Recently, however, scientists were able to document the behaviours of a group of toads before, during, and after an earthquake Researchers were studying the breeding habits of a particular group of toads, when, suddenly, 96 percent of the males simply (19) for a five-day period A significant earthquake and several aftershocks (20) on the fifth day after the departure Six days after the last aftershock, the males returned and resumed mating, as if (21) had happened It turns out that prior to the earthquake, there had been subtle changes in the Earth's magnetic field, and an increase in the amount of radon gas in the groundwater (22) , there were unusual electrical disturbances in the upper atmosphere (Adapted from "Practice Tests for the ECPE Book - Test 4") Question 18:A released B available C undertaken D rare Question 19:A disappeared B walked C fought D jumped Question 20:A went B occurred C formed D left Question 21:A earthquake B nothing C it D whatever Question 22:A At least B Alternatively C Always D Additionally Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions Question 23:A industrial B intensity C intimacy D infallible Question 24:A expert B expire C exclude D exceed Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions Question 25: Scientists have achieved findings substantial enough to remove our fear of GM foods A conducive B controversial C abundant D convincing Question 26: Harriet Beecher Stowe was an obscure writer until the publication of Uncle Tom’s Cabin A unknown B popular C infamous D eminent Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions Question 27: I was not surprised to hear that Harry had failed his driving test A Harry's having failed his driving test is not my surprise B If Harry had not failed his driving test, I would have been surprised C It came as no surprise to me that Harry had failed his driving test D By having failed his driving test, Harry made no surprise Question 28: The Prime Minister is unlikely to call an early general election A The likelihood is great that the Prime Minister will call an early general election B It's likely that the Prime Minister will call an early general election C There is little likelihood of the Prime Minister calling an early general election D The likelihood is that the Prime Minister will call an early general election Question 29: It is acknowledged that Vietnam had a complete control over SARS from a very early stage of the epidemic A Vietnam was acknowledged to have had a complete control over SARS from a very early stage of the epidemic B Vietnam is acknowledged to have controlled SARS from a very early stage of the epidemic C Vietnam is acknowledged to have a complete control over SARS from a very early stage of the epidemic D Vietnam is acknowledged to have completely controlled SARS from a very early stage of the epidemic Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions Question 30: I've worked with her for donkey’s years, and I still don't know how to use the photocopier A from time to time B for a short time C for good and all D from the beginning Question 31: My wife will never admit that she's wrong, even when she knows she is She's so pig-headed A obstinate B obedient C stubborn D careful Read the following passage and choose the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions The economic growth that many nations in Asia and increasingly Africa have experienced over the past couple of decades has transformed hundreds of millions of lives - almost entirely for the better But there's a byproduct to that growth, one that's evident - or sometimes less than evident - in the smoggy, smelly skies above cities like Beijing, New Delhi and Jakara Thanks to new cars and power plants, air pollution is bad and getting worse in much of the world, and it's taking a major toll on global health How big? According to a new analysis published in the Lancet, more than 3.2 million people suffered deaths from air pollution in 2010, the largest number on record That's up from 800,000 in 2000 And it's a regional problem: 65% of those deaths occurred in Asia, where the air is choked by diesel soot from cars and trucks, as well as the song from power plants and the dust from endless urban construction In East Asia and China, 1.2 million people died, as well as another 712,000 in South Asia, including India For the first time ever, air pollution is on the world's top - 10 list of killers, and it's moving up the ranks faster than any other factor So how can air pollution be so damaging? It is the very finest soot - so small that it roots deep within the lungs and then enters the bloodstream - that contributes to most of the public - health toll of air pollution including death Diesel soot, which can also cause cancer, is a major problem because it is concentrated in cities along transportation zones affecting overpopulated areas It is thought to contribute to half the deaths from air pollution in urban centers For example, in people in the u.s live near a diesel - pollution hot spot like a rail yard, port terminal or freeway We also know that air pollution may be linked to other non-deadly diseases Fortunately in the U.S and other developed nations, urban air is for the most part cleaner than it was 30 or 40 years ago, thanks to regulations and new technologies like the catalytic converters that reduce automobile emissions Governments are also pushing to make air cleaner - see the White House's move last week to further tighten soot standards It's not perfect, but we've had much more success dealing with air pollution than climate change Will developing nations like India eventually catch up? Hopefully - though the problem may get worse before it gets better The good news is that it doesn't take a major technological advance to improve urban air Switching from diesel fuel to unleaded helps, as newer and cleaner cars which are less likely to send out pollutants Power plants - even ones that burn mineral fuels like coal - can be fitted with pollution - control equipment that, at a price, will greatly reduce smog and other pollutants But the best solutions may involve urban design In the Guardian, John Vidal notes that Delhi now has 200 cars per 1,000 people, far more than much richer Asian cities like Hong Kong and Singapore Developing cities will almost certainly see an increase in car ownership as residents become wealthier - and that doesn't have to mean deadly air pollution Higher incomes should also lead to tougher environmental regulations, which is exactly what happened in the West We can only hope it happens before the death toll from bad air gets even higher (Source: http://science.time.com by Bryan Walsh) Question 32: The phrase "taking a major toll" in paragraph is closest in meaning to A leading to danger B creating motivation C making it possible D having a bad effect Question 33: All of the following statements are true according to the passage EXCEPT A The report found that the number of people suffering deaths from air pollution in 2010 is greater than that in 2000 B Air pollution may have been responsible for our mental health problems and prematurely robbed US of our lives C Many efforts have been put into the reduction of the emission of pollutants through the tightening of legislation on new vehicles D The tightening of the emission standards has helped people solve some of the immediate environmental problems, for example, tackle air pollution Question 34: According to the passage, which of the following is an example of measure taken to help generate less emissions? A Many nations encourage people to avoid densely populated areas B Catalytic converters are applied to exhaust systems in automobiles C People increase the use of vehicles powered by mineral fuels D The government minimizes the number of people using car in major cities Question 35: According to the passage, the writer actually wants to convince the readers that A the ecological situation and air pollution in India are becoming worse and worse B the global economic growth is mainly to blame for air pollution and climate change C the unbeatable air is increasingly becoming a major killer throughout the world D the developing countries are repeating the same mistakes as the developed ones made Question 36: The word "byproduct" in paragraph most probably refers to A reform B consequence C design D solution Question 37: What tends to give rise to the highest death toll according to the passage? A The increasing numbers of the diesel cars and trucks B The frighteningly high death rate from deadly cancer C The lack of tight environmental protection standards D The world's serious air pollution such as soot and dust Question 38: The basic reason why so many people die from air pollution is that A the diesel soot roots in lungs and gets into blood B the diesel soot is too small to be seen C the diesel soot is much too poisonous to breathe D the diesel soot can also contribute to deadly cancer Question 39: By describing urban design as "the best solutions" in the last paragraph, the writer means that A the making of tougher environmental regulations alone is of little use B more sever regulations should be made to handle air pollution C the urban construction in western developed countries is the best choice D the pace of development has to be slowed down to reduce air pollution Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges Question 40: ~ Jack: "Excuse me, but could I trouble you for some change?" ~ Alex: " Will pennies do?" A I know B Never mind C Let me see D I am sure Question 41: ~ Waiter: "May I take your order now, sir?" ~ Mr Smith: " " A Thanks, I've really had enough B Sure, it's delicious C Yes, I'd like some fish and chips D Ok, here is my bill Read the following passage and choose the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions Education is an issue which concerns many people in the UK as well as round the world In England, Wales and Northern Ireland pupils sit GCSE (General Certificate in Secondary Education) exams followed years later by A (Advanced) levels Pupils in Scotland follow a different system, finishing their time at school with the Higher Leaving Certificate One particular worry - why are boys doing so badly? Some twenty years ago, the performance of girls and boys in class was compared Boys scored better in exams, so various measures were introduced to improve the performance of girls, including having single sex girl only classes Now, the situation is reversed, with girls consistently out-performing boys So, what has gone wrong with boys, and what can be done about it? John Dunsford, leader of the association of head teachers of secondary schools, says that that the academic failure of boys is a problem which has its roots in society rather than the classroom Girls, more than boys, see education as a passport to a good job On the other hand, according to Penny Lewis, a head teacher, young men lack confidence, which they hide with a show of bravado They're uncertain about their place in society Some boys grow up in families where there is no male role model to follow Moreover, boys may learn in a different way to girls, preferring small amounts of work with immediate deadlines rather than large projects stretching into the distance And education is not seen as "cool" As one contributor to a BBC website put it, "Girls achieve more at school because they are watching the future while the boys are watching the girls." This is not just a problem in Britain In a study by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development and UNESCO, girls out-performed boys at reading at the age of 15 in all 45 countries The UK ranks ninth out of the 45 countries for reading despite the fact that pupils in the UK spend less time reading than in most other countries Interestingly, the study suggested that British children read for pleasure more often than those in other countries (Source: http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/news/britain/education.shtml) Question 42: Which of the following is true according to the passage? A Boys prefer to work on large projects B Boys have always scored better in exams than girls C Boys don't well at school because of what happens in class D Boys pay too much attention to girls to learn well at school Question 43: Which of the following could best serve as the title of passage? A How to change the process of teaching in schools B Closing the gender gap in our schools C The UK succeeds in advancing in global school rankings D Differences in learning style between girls and boys in class Question 44: Some boys are not sure of themselves because of A their low self-esteem B their financial capability C their lack of family support D their family situations Question 45: What does the word "cool" in the passage mostly mean? A interesting B fashionable C unattractive D priceless Question 46: The phrase "a show of bravado" in the passage refers to A expressing their support and appreciation B doing things which make them appear courageous C showing what they think or they tend to D their lack of confidence at work Question 47: What does the author mean by the phrase "see education as a passport" in the passage? A Girls think that learning is the key to the opportunity to go to many countries in the world B Girls try their best to avoid drifting out of school without qualifications and be better at socializing C Girls regard education as a way of enabling them to go further and more in life D Girls see education as a means of broading their knowledge and exposuring to diverse cultures, Question 48: It is stated in the passage that A Girls are much more likely to go to university and are expecting to take the better-paid jobs B Nowadays, boys' educational success reflects wider social changes C Now that girls have drawn ahead, schools are working hard to raise boys' achievement D Boys achieve better results than girls at GCSE and A-level Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions Question 49: I was extremely annoyed at the way new boss treated us all I tried not to show it A The new boss behaved towards us badly that someone just had to let him know how angry we were B The new boss treated us all so badly that I couldn't hide my disgust from him C I couldn't help letting the new boss see just how angry he made me with those remarks to us D I made an effort to hide from the new boss the anger I felt at his treatment of us Question 50: He has been giving most of his money to charity He hopes to ease the pain and suffering of the disadvantaged A He has been giving most of his money to the disadvantaged to ease their pain and suffering B Easing the pain and suffering of the disadvantaged made him give most of his money to charity C Giving most of his money to charity, he hopes to ease the pain and suffering of the disadvantaged D Hoping to ease the pain and suffering of the disadvantaged, he has given them most of his money SỞ GIÁO DỤC ĐÀO TẠO ĐỀ CHÍNH THỨC (Đề gồm có 04 trang) Mark(s) ÔN THI TỐT NGHIỆP TRUNG HỌC PHỔ THÔNG NĂM HỌC 2016- 2017 MÔN TIẾNG ANH ~ ĐỀ 261 Thời gian: 60 phút - không tính thời gian giao đề Phách ……… Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions Question 1:A dissolve B proposal C preserve D resident Question 2:A coughed B wretched C toughed D laughed Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions Question 3: I was not surprised to hear that Harry had failed his driving test A It came as no surprise to me that Harry had failed his driving test B Harry's having failed his driving test is not my surprise C If Harry had not failed his driving test, I would have been surprised D By having failed his driving test, Harry made no surprise Question 4: The Prime Minister is unlikely to call an early general election A The likelihood is that the Prime Minister will call an early general election B There is little likelihood of the Prime Minister calling an early general election C The likelihood is great that the Prime Minister will call an early general election D It's likely that the Prime Minister will call an early general election Question 5: It is acknowledged that Vietnam had a complete control over SARS from a very early stage of the epidemic A Vietnam is acknowledged to have a complete control over SARS from a very early stage of the epidemic B Vietnam was acknowledged to have had a complete control over SARS from a very early stage of the epidemic C Vietnam is acknowledged to have completely controlled SARS from a very early stage of the epidemic D Vietnam is acknowledged to have controlled SARS from a very early stage of the epidemic Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions Question 6: Despite much research, there are still certain elements in the life cycle of the insect that is not fully understood A in B Despite C is D understood Question 7: It is estimated that at least a million meteors have hit the Earth's surface, which is only 25 percentage of the planet A is estimated B percentage C million D have hit Question 8: In 1921 Einstein won the Nobel Prize, and was honoured in Germany until the rise of Nazism, then he was driven from Germany because he was a Jew A was honoured B from C then D the rise Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions Question 9:A infallible B intensity C industrial D intimacy Question 10:A expire B exceed C expert D exclude Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges Question 11: ~ Waiter: "May I take your order now, sir?" ~ Mr Smith: " " A Yes, I'd like some fish and chips B Sure, it's delicious C Thanks, I've really had enough D Ok, here is my bill Question 12: ~ Jack: "Excuse me, but could I trouble you for some change?" ~ Alex: " Will pennies do?" A I am sure B I know C Never mind D Let me see Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks Though many stories from around the world describe behavioural changes in various animals in the days and hours before an earthquake, research testing animals' ability to predict earthquakes has been (13) Recently, however, scientists were able to document the behaviours of a group of toads before, during, and after an earthquake Researchers were studying the breeding habits of a particular group of toads, when, suddenly, 96 percent of the males simply (14) for a five-day period A significant earthquake and several aftershocks (15) on the fifth day after the departure Six days after the last aftershock, the males returned and resumed mating, as if (16) had happened It turns out that prior to the earthquake, there had been subtle changes in the Earth's magnetic field, and an increase in the amount of radon gas in the groundwater (17) , there were unusual electrical disturbances in the upper atmosphere (Adapted from "Practice Tests for the ECPE Book - Test 4") Question 13:A released B available C rare D undertaken Question 14:A walked B jumped C fought D disappeared Question 15:A formed B left C occurred D went Question 16:A whatever B nothing C it D earthquake Question 17:A Additionally B Always C At least D Alternatively Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions Question 18: My wife will never admit that she's wrong, even when she knows she is She's so pig-headed A obedient B obstinate C careful D stubborn Question 19: I've worked with her for donkey’s years, and I still don't know how to use the photocopier A for good and all B from time to time C from the beginning D for a short time Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions Question 20: This is the biggest lab we have ever built in our university A what B that C which D where Question 21: Many experts agree that there is a possibility in this area in the following days A when some more earthquakes may happen B what may some more earthquakes happen C that some more earthquakes may happen D where may some more earthquakes happen Question 22: Not having promoted the new digital camera successfully, the company should its original marketing methods A work out B call up C reflect on D account for Question 23: As their products find their way into the international market, their brand is gaining popularity A from B in C on D with Question 24: There was a .look on her face because a .problem .the little girl A puzzled; puzzled; puzzled B puzzling; puzzling; puzzled C puzzling; puzzled; puzzling D puzzled; puzzling; puzzled Question 25: Henry has come in his raincoat and boots, .for rain A to prepare B preparing C prepares D prepared Question 26: The local government .him the prize for his bravery A rewarded B awarded C won D presented Question 27: As most of their houses were badly damaged after the earthquake, many people had to be in a stadium A put off B put out C put up D put away Question 28: Due to the violent nuclear leakage, the of the electricity supplies put Japan's northeastern cities in a sate of chaos A failure B absence C variety D currency Question 29: Some researchers are finding that daydreaming may be important to mental health and it is good means of relaxation A the - Ø B Ø - Ø C Ø - a D Ø - the Question 30: for the timely investment from the general public, our company would not be so thriving as it is A Should it not B Be it not C Were it not D Had it not been Question 31: Only my cousin has chosen to apply for a job in Africa .the majority of this year's graduates working in Britain A in common with B as well as C in contrast to D by reason of Read the following passage and choose the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions Education is an issue which concerns many people in the UK as well as round the world In England, Wales and Northern Ireland pupils sit GCSE (General Certificate in Secondary Education) exams followed years later by A (Advanced) levels Pupils in Scotland follow a different system, finishing their time at school with the Higher Leaving Certificate One particular worry - why are boys doing so badly? Some twenty years ago, the performance of girls and boys in class was compared Boys scored better in exams, so various measures were introduced to improve the performance of girls, including having single sex girl only classes Now, the situation is reversed, with girls consistently out-performing boys So, what has gone wrong with boys, and what can be done about it? John Dunsford, leader of the association of head teachers of secondary schools, says that that the academic failure of boys is a problem which has its roots in society rather than the classroom Girls, more than boys, see education as a passport to a good job On the other hand, according to Penny Lewis, a head teacher, young men lack confidence, which they hide with a show of bravado They're uncertain about their place in society Some boys grow up in families where there is no male role model to follow Moreover, boys may learn in a different way to girls, preferring small amounts of work with immediate deadlines rather than large projects stretching into the distance And education is not seen as "cool" As one contributor to a BBC website put it, "Girls achieve more at school because they are watching the future while the boys are watching the girls." This is not just a problem in Britain In a study by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development and UNESCO, girls out-performed boys at reading at the age of 15 in all 45 countries The UK ranks ninth out of the 45 countries for reading despite the fact that pupils in the UK spend less time reading than in most other countries Interestingly, the study suggested that British children read for pleasure more often than those in other countries (Source: http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/news/britain/education.shtml) Question 32: Which of the following could best serve as the title of passage? The economic growth that many nations in Asia and increasingly Africa have experienced over the past couple of decades has transformed hundreds of millions of lives - almost entirely for the better But there's a byproduct to that growth, one that's evident - or sometimes less than evident - in the smoggy, smelly skies above cities like Beijing, New Delhi and Jakara Thanks to new cars and power plants, air pollution is bad and getting worse in much of the world, and it's taking a major toll on global health How big? According to a new analysis published in the Lancet, more than 3.2 million people suffered deaths from air pollution in 2010, the largest number on record That's up from 800,000 in 2000 And it's a regional problem: 65% of those deaths occurred in Asia, where the air is choked by diesel soot from cars and trucks, as well as the song from power plants and the dust from endless urban construction In East Asia and China, 1.2 million people died, as well as another 712,000 in South Asia, including India For the first time ever, air pollution is on the world's top - 10 list of killers, and it's moving up the ranks faster than any other factor So how can air pollution be so damaging? It is the very finest soot - so small that it roots deep within the lungs and then enters the bloodstream - that contributes to most of the public - health toll of air pollution including death Diesel soot, which can also cause cancer, is a major problem because it is concentrated in cities along transportation zones affecting overpopulated areas It is thought to contribute to half the deaths from air pollution in urban centers For example, in people in the u.s live near a diesel - pollution hot spot like a rail yard, port terminal or freeway We also know that air pollution may be linked to other non-deadly diseases Fortunately in the U.S and other developed nations, urban air is for the most part cleaner than it was 30 or 40 years ago, thanks to regulations and new technologies like the catalytic converters that reduce automobile emissions Governments are also pushing to make air cleaner - see the White House's move last week to further tighten soot standards It's not perfect, but we've had much more success dealing with air pollution than climate change Will developing nations like India eventually catch up? Hopefully - though the problem may get worse before it gets better The good news is that it doesn't take a major technological advance to improve urban air Switching from diesel fuel to unleaded helps, as newer and cleaner cars which are less likely to send out pollutants Power plants - even ones that burn mineral fuels like coal - can be fitted with pollution - control equipment that, at a price, will greatly reduce smog and other pollutants But the best solutions may involve urban design In the Guardian, John Vidal notes that Delhi now has 200 cars per 1,000 people, far more than much richer Asian cities like Hong Kong and Singapore Developing cities will almost certainly see an increase in car ownership as residents become wealthier - and that doesn't have to mean deadly air pollution Higher incomes should also lead to tougher environmental regulations, which is exactly what happened in the West We can only hope it happens before the death toll from bad air gets even higher (Source: http://science.time.com by Bryan Walsh) Question 10: The basic reason why so many people die from air pollution is that A the diesel soot is much too poisonous to breathe B the diesel soot can also contribute to deadly cancer C the diesel soot is too small to be seen D the diesel soot roots in lungs and gets into blood Question 11: According to the passage, which of the following is an example of measure taken to help generate less emissions? A Catalytic converters are applied to exhaust systems in automobiles B People increase the use of vehicles powered by mineral fuels C The government minimizes the number of people using car in major cities D Many nations encourage people to avoid densely populated areas Question 12: All of the following statements are true according to the passage EXCEPT A The report found that the number of people suffering deaths from air pollution in 2010 is greater than that in 2000 B Air pollution may have been responsible for our mental health problems and prematurely robbed US of our lives C Many efforts have been put into the reduction of the emission of pollutants through the tightening of legislation on new vehicles D The tightening of the emission standards has helped people solve some of the immediate environmental problems, for example, tackle air pollution Question 13: According to the passage, the writer actually wants to convince the readers that A the ecological situation and air pollution in India are becoming worse and worse B the global economic growth is mainly to blame for air pollution and climate change C the unbeatable air is increasingly becoming a major killer throughout the world D the developing countries are repeating the same mistakes as the developed ones made Question 14: What tends to give rise to the highest death toll according to the passage? A The increasing numbers of the diesel cars and trucks B The lack of tight environmental protection standards C The world's serious air pollution such as soot and dust D The frighteningly high death rate from deadly cancer Question 15: By describing urban design as "the best solutions" in the last paragraph, the writer means that A more sever regulations should be made to handle air pollution B the pace of development has to be slowed down to reduce air pollution C the making of tougher environmental regulations alone is of little use D the urban construction in western developed countries is the best choice Question 16: The phrase "taking a major toll" in paragraph is closest in meaning to A having a bad effect B creating motivation C leading to danger D making it possible Question 17: The word "byproduct" in paragraph most probably refers to A design B reform C consequence D solution Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions Question 18:A exclude B exceed C expire D expert Question 19:A intensity B intimacy C infallible D industrial Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions Question 20: I was extremely annoyed at the way new boss treated us all I tried not to show it A The new boss treated us all so badly that I couldn't hide my disgust from him B I made an effort to hide from the new boss the anger I felt at his treatment of us C I couldn't help letting the new boss see just how angry he made me with those remarks to us D The new boss behaved towards us badly that someone just had to let him know how angry we were Question 21: He has been giving most of his money to charity He hopes to ease the pain and suffering of the disadvantaged A He has been giving most of his money to the disadvantaged to ease their pain and suffering B Easing the pain and suffering of the disadvantaged made him give most of his money to charity C Giving most of his money to charity, he hopes to ease the pain and suffering of the disadvantaged D Hoping to ease the pain and suffering of the disadvantaged, he has given them most of his money Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions Question 22: Harriet Beecher Stowe was an obscure writer until the publication of Uncle Tom’s Cabin A unknown B infamous C eminent D popular Question 23: Scientists have achieved findings substantial enough to remove our fear of GM foods A controversial B conducive C convincing D abundant Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions Question 24: I've worked with her for donkey’s years, and I still don't know how to use the photocopier A for good and all B from time to time C for a short time D from the beginning Question 25: My wife will never admit that she's wrong, even when she knows she is She's so pig-headed A careful B obedient C obstinate D stubborn Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions Question 26: Henry has come in his raincoat and boots, .for rain A prepares B to prepare C prepared D preparing Question 27: for the timely investment from the general public, our company would not be so thriving as it is A Should it not B Had it not been C Were it not D Be it not Question 28: Many experts agree that there is a possibility in this area in the following days A when some more earthquakes may happen B what may some more earthquakes happen C that some more earthquakes may happen D where may some more earthquakes happen Question 29: Only my cousin has chosen to apply for a job in Africa .the majority of this year's graduates working in Britain A as well as B in common with C by reason of D in contrast to Question 30: As most of their houses were badly damaged after the earthquake, many people had to be in a stadium A put up B put away C put off D put out Question 31: This is the biggest lab we have ever built in our university A which B where C what D that Question 32: There was a .look on her face because a .problem .the little girl A puzzled; puzzled; puzzled B puzzling; puzzled; puzzling C puzzling; puzzling; puzzled D puzzled; puzzling; puzzled Question 33: The local government .him the prize for his bravery A presented B rewarded C won D awarded Question 34: Due to the violent nuclear leakage, the of the electricity supplies put Japan's northeastern cities in a sate of chaos A failure B variety C currency D absence Question 35: As their products find their way into the international market, their brand is gaining popularity A on B in C from D with Question 36: Some researchers are finding that daydreaming may be important to mental health and it is good means of relaxation A Ø - a B the - Ø C Ø - Ø D Ø - the Question 37: Not having promoted the new digital camera successfully, the company should its original marketing methods A work out B call up C account for D reflect on Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges Question 38: ~ Jack: "Excuse me, but could I trouble you for some change?" ~ Alex: " Will pennies do?" A Never mind B I know C I am sure D Let me see Question 39: ~ Waiter: "May I take your order now, sir?" ~ Mr Smith: " " A Sure, it's delicious B Yes, I'd like some fish and chips C Thanks, I've really had enough D Ok, here is my bill Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions Question 40: The Prime Minister is unlikely to call an early general election A The likelihood is great that the Prime Minister will call an early general election B The likelihood is that the Prime Minister will call an early general election C It's likely that the Prime Minister will call an early general election D There is little likelihood of the Prime Minister calling an early general election Question 41: It is acknowledged that Vietnam had a complete control over SARS from a very early stage of the epidemic A Vietnam is acknowledged to have a complete control over SARS from a very early stage of the epidemic B Vietnam is acknowledged to have completely controlled SARS from a very early stage of the epidemic C Vietnam was acknowledged to have had a complete control over SARS from a very early stage of the epidemic D Vietnam is acknowledged to have controlled SARS from a very early stage of the epidemic Question 42: I was not surprised to hear that Harry had failed his driving test A By having failed his driving test, Harry made no surprise B Harry's having failed his driving test is not my surprise C It came as no surprise to me that Harry had failed his driving test D If Harry had not failed his driving test, I would have been surprised Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks Though many stories from around the world describe behavioural changes in various animals in the days and hours before an earthquake, research testing animals' ability to predict earthquakes has been (43) Recently, however, scientists were able to document the behaviours of a group of toads before, during, and after an earthquake Researchers were studying the breeding habits of a particular group of toads, when, suddenly, 96 percent of the males simply (44) for a five-day period A significant earthquake and several aftershocks (45) on the fifth day after the departure Six days after the last aftershock, the males returned and resumed mating, as if (46) had happened It turns out that prior to the earthquake, there had been subtle changes in the Earth's magnetic field, and an increase in the amount of radon gas in the groundwater (47) , there were unusual electrical disturbances in the upper atmosphere (Adapted from "Practice Tests for the ECPE Book - Test 4") Question 43:A available B undertaken C released D rare Question 44:A jumped B disappeared C fought D walked Question 45:A went B left C formed D occurred Question 46:A it B whatever C nothing D earthquake Question 47:A At least B Alternatively C Always D Additionally Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions Question 48: It is estimated that at least a million meteors have hit the Earth's surface, which is only 25 percentage of the planet A is estimated B million C have hit D percentage Question 49: Despite much research, there are still certain elements in the life cycle of the insect that is not fully understood A Despite B understood C in D is Question 50: In 1921 Einstein won the Nobel Prize, and was honoured in Germany until the rise of Nazism, then he was driven from Germany because he was a Jew A the rise B from C was honoured D then SỞ GIÁO DỤC ĐÀO TẠO ĐỀ CHÍNH THỨC (Đề gồm có 04 trang) Mark(s) ÔN THI TỐT NGHIỆP TRUNG HỌC PHỔ THÔNG NĂM HỌC 2016- 2017 MÔN TIẾNG ANH ~ ĐỀ 352 Thời gian: 60 phút - không tính thời gian giao đề Phách ……… Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions Question 1:A dissolve B proposal C preserve D resident Question 2:A coughed B toughed C laughed D wretched Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions Question 3:A industrial B intimacy C infallible D intensity Question 4:A expire B exclude C exceed D expert Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions Question 5: It is estimated that at least a million meteors have hit the Earth's surface, which is only 25 percentage of the planet A have hit B percentage C is estimated D million Question 6: Despite much research, there are still certain elements in the life cycle of the insect that is not fully understood A is B in C Despite D understood Question 7: In 1921 Einstein won the Nobel Prize, and was honoured in Germany until the rise of Nazism, then he was driven from Germany because he was a Jew A the rise B from C was honoured D then Read the following passage and choose the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions The economic growth that many nations in Asia and increasingly Africa have experienced over the past couple of decades has transformed hundreds of millions of lives - almost entirely for the better But there's a byproduct to that growth, one that's evident - or sometimes less than evident - in the smoggy, smelly skies above cities like Beijing, New Delhi and Jakara Thanks to new cars and power plants, air pollution is bad and getting worse in much of the world, and it's taking a major toll on global health How big? According to a new analysis published in the Lancet, more than 3.2 million people suffered deaths from air pollution in 2010, the largest number on record That's up from 800,000 in 2000 And it's a regional problem: 65% of those deaths occurred in Asia, where the air is choked by diesel soot from cars and trucks, as well as the song from power plants and the dust from endless urban construction In East Asia and China, 1.2 million people died, as well as another 712,000 in South Asia, including India For the first time ever, air pollution is on the world's top - 10 list of killers, and it's moving up the ranks faster than any other factor So how can air pollution be so damaging? It is the very finest soot - so small that it roots deep within the lungs and then enters the bloodstream - that contributes to most of the public - health toll of air pollution including death Diesel soot, which can also cause cancer, is a major problem because it is concentrated in cities along transportation zones affecting overpopulated areas It is thought to contribute to half the deaths from air pollution in urban centers For example, in people in the u.s live near a diesel - pollution hot spot like a rail yard, port terminal or freeway We also know that air pollution may be linked to other non-deadly diseases Fortunately in the U.S and other developed nations, urban air is for the most part cleaner than it was 30 or 40 years ago, thanks to regulations and new technologies like the catalytic converters that reduce automobile emissions Governments are also pushing to make air cleaner - see the White House's move last week to further tighten soot standards It's not perfect, but we've had much more success dealing with air pollution than climate change Will developing nations like India eventually catch up? Hopefully - though the problem may get worse before it gets better The good news is that it doesn't take a major technological advance to improve urban air Switching from diesel fuel to unleaded helps, as newer and cleaner cars which are less likely to send out pollutants Power plants - even ones that burn mineral fuels like coal - can be fitted with pollution - control equipment that, at a price, will greatly reduce smog and other pollutants But the best solutions may involve urban design In the Guardian, John Vidal notes that Delhi now has 200 cars per 1,000 people, far more than much richer Asian cities like Hong Kong and Singapore Developing cities will almost certainly see an increase in car ownership as residents become wealthier - and that doesn't have to mean deadly air pollution Higher incomes should also lead to tougher environmental regulations, which is exactly what happened in the West We can only hope it happens before the death toll from bad air gets even higher (Source: http://science.time.comby Bryan Walsh) Question 8: According to the passage, the writer actually wants to convince the readers that A the global economic growth is mainly to blame for air pollution and climate change B the developing countries are repeating the same mistakes as the developed ones made C the ecological situation and air pollution in India are becoming worse and worse D the unbeatable air is increasingly becoming a major killer throughout the world Question 9: All of the following statements are true according to the passage EXCEPT A Many efforts have been put into the reduction of the emission of pollutants through the tightening of legislation on new vehicles B The report found that the number of people suffering deaths from air pollution in 2010 is greater than that in 2000 C The tightening of the emission standards has helped people solve some of the immediate environmental problems, for example, tackle air pollution D Air pollution may have been responsible for our mental health problems and prematurely robbed US of our lives Question 10: According to the passage, which of the following is an example of measure taken to help generate less emissions? A Catalytic converters are applied to exhaust systems in automobiles B People increase the use of vehicles powered by mineral fuels C The government minimizes the number of people using car in major cities D Many nations encourage people to avoid densely populated areas Question 11: The word "byproduct" in paragraph most probably refers to A consequence B design C solution D reform Question 12: What tends to give rise to the highest death toll according to the passage? A The lack of tight environmental protection standards B The world's serious air pollution such as soot and dust C The frighteningly high death rate from deadly cancer D The increasing numbers of the diesel cars and trucks Question 13: The basic reason why so many people die from air pollution is that A the diesel soot is too small to be seen B the diesel soot roots in lungs and gets into blood C the diesel soot can also contribute to deadly cancer D the diesel soot is much too poisonous to breathe Question 14: The phrase "taking a major toll" in paragraph is closest in meaning to A having a bad effect B leading to danger C making it possible D creating motivation Question 15: By describing urban design as "the best solutions" in the last paragraph, the writer means that A the making of tougher environmental regulations alone is of little use B more sever regulations should be made to handle air pollution C the pace of development has to be slowed down to reduce air pollution D the urban construction in western developed countries is the best choice Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks Though many stories from around the world describe behavioural changes in various animals in the days and hours before an earthquake, research testing animals' ability to predict earthquakes has been (16) Recently, however, scientists were able to document the behaviours of a group of toads before, during, and after an earthquake Researchers were studying the breeding habits of a particular group of toads, when, suddenly, 96 percent of the males simply (17) for a five-day period A significant earthquake and several aftershocks (18) on the fifth day after the departure Six days after the last aftershock, the males returned and resumed mating, as if (19) had happened It turns out that prior to the earthquake, there had been subtle changes in the Earth's magnetic field, and an increase in the amount of radon gas in the groundwater (20) , there were unusual electrical disturbances in the upper atmosphere (Adapted from "Practice Tests for the ECPE Book - Test 4") Question 16:A rare B available C undertaken D released Question 17:A walked B fought C disappeared D jumped Question 18:A went B left C occurred D formed Question 19:A earthquake B nothing C whatever D it Question 20:A Additionally B Alternatively C At least D Always Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions Question 21: The Prime Minister is unlikely to call an early general election A The likelihood is great that the Prime Minister will call an early general election B It's likely that the Prime Minister will call an early general election C There is little likelihood of the Prime Minister calling an early general election D The likelihood is that the Prime Minister will call an early general election Question 22: It is acknowledged that Vietnam had a complete control over SARS from a very early stage of the epidemic A Vietnam is acknowledged to have a complete control over SARS from a very early stage of the epidemic B Vietnam was acknowledged to have had a complete control over SARS from a very early stage of the epidemic C Vietnam is acknowledged to have completely controlled SARS from a very early stage of the epidemic D Vietnam is acknowledged to have controlled SARS from a very early stage of the epidemic Question 23: I was not surprised to hear that Harry had failed his driving test A It came as no surprise to me that Harry had failed his driving test B If Harry had not failed his driving test, I would have been surprised C Harry's having failed his driving test is not my surprise D By having failed his driving test, Harry made no surprise Read the following passage and choose the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions Education is an issue which concerns many people in the UK as well as round the world In England, Wales and Northern Ireland pupils sit GCSE (General Certificate in Secondary Education) exams followed years later by A (Advanced) levels Pupils in Scotland follow a different system, finishing their time at school with the Higher Leaving Certificate One particular worry - why are boys doing so badly? Some twenty years ago, the performance of girls and boys in class was compared Boys scored better in exams, so various measures were introduced to improve the performance of girls, including having single sex girl only classes Now, the situation is reversed, with girls consistently out-performing boys So, what has gone wrong with boys, and what can be done about it? John Dunsford, leader of the association of head teachers of secondary schools, says that that the academic failure of boys is a problem which has its roots in society rather than the classroom Girls, more than boys, see education as a passport to a good job On the other hand, according to Penny Lewis, a head teacher, young men lack confidence, which they hide with a show of bravado They're uncertain about their place in society Some boys grow up in families where there is no male role model to follow Moreover, boys may learn in a different way to girls, preferring small amounts of work with immediate deadlines rather than large projects stretching into the distance And education is not seen as "cool" As one contributor to a BBC website put it, "Girls achieve more at school because they are watching the future while the boys are watching the girls." This is not just a problem in Britain In a study by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development and UNESCO, girls out-performed boys at reading at the age of 15 in all 45 countries The UK ranks ninth out of the 45 countries for reading despite the fact that pupils in the UK spend less time reading than in most other countries Interestingly, the study suggested that British children read for pleasure more often than those in other countries (Source: http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/news/britain/education.shtml) Question 24: It is stated in the passage that A Girls are much more likely to go to university and are expecting to take the better-paid jobs B Boys achieve better results than girls at GCSE and A-level C Now that girls have drawn ahead, schools are working hard to raise boys' achievement D Nowadays, boys' educational success reflects wider social changes Question 25: What does the word "cool" in the passage mostly mean? A priceless B fashionable C interesting D unattractive Question 26: Which of the following is true according to the passage? A Boys pay too much attention to girls to learn well at school B Boys prefer to work on large projects C Boys have always scored better in exams than girls D Boys don't well at school because of what happens in class Question 27: Some boys are not sure of themselves because of A their financial capability B their low self-esteem C their family situations D their lack of family support Question 28: The phrase "a show of bravado" in the passage refers to A expressing their support and appreciation B their lack of confidence at work C showing what they think or they tend to D doing things which make them appear courageous Question 29: What does the author mean by the phrase "see education as a passport" in the passage? A Girls think that learning is the key to the opportunity to go to many countries in the world B Girls try their best to avoid drifting out of school without qualifications and be better at socializing C Girls see education as a means of broading their knowledge and exposuring to diverse cultures, D Girls regard education as a way of enabling them to go further and more in life Question 30: Which of the following could best serve as the title of passage? A How to change the process of teaching in schools B Differences in learning style between girls and boys in class C Closing the gender gap in our schools D The UK succeeds in advancing in global school rankings Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions Question 31: Harriet Beecher Stowe was an obscure writer until the publication of Uncle Tom’s Cabin A popular B unknown C infamous D eminent Question 32: Scientists have achieved findings substantial enough to remove our fear of GM foods A controversial B abundant C conducive D convincing Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges Question 33: ~ Waiter: "May I take your order now, sir?" ~ Mr Smith: " " A Ok, here is my bill B Sure, it's delicious C Yes, I'd like some fish and chips D Thanks, I've really had enough Question 34: ~ Jack: "Excuse me, but could I trouble you for some change?" ~ Alex: " Will pennies do?" A Let me see B I know C Never mind D I am sure Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions Question 35: My wife will never admit that she's wrong, even when she knows she is She's so pig-headed A obedient B stubborn C obstinate D careful Question 36: I've worked with her for donkey’s years, and I still don't know how to use the photocopier A from time to time B for good and all C for a short time D from the beginning Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions Question 37: I was extremely annoyed at the way new boss treated us all I tried not to show it A The new boss treated us all so badly that I couldn't hide my disgust from him B The new boss behaved towards us badly that someone just had to let him know how angry we were C I made an effort to hide from the new boss the anger I felt at his treatment of us D I couldn't help letting the new boss see just how angry he made me with those remarks to us Question 38: He has been giving most of his money to charity He hopes to ease the pain and suffering of the disadvantaged A Giving most of his money to charity, he hopes to ease the pain and suffering of the disadvantaged B He has been giving most of his money to the disadvantaged to ease their pain and suffering C Easing the pain and suffering of the disadvantaged made him give most of his money to charity D Hoping to ease the pain and suffering of the disadvantaged, he has given them most of his money Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions Question 39: Henry has come in his raincoat and boots, .for rain A prepares B prepared C preparing D to prepare Question 40: for the timely investment from the general public, our company would not be so thriving as it is A Had it not been B Be it not C Were it not D Should it not Question 41: As most of their houses were badly damaged after the earthquake, many people had to be in a stadium A put out B put off C put up D put away Question 42: There was a .look on her face because a .problem .the little girl A puzzled; puzzling; puzzled B puzzled; puzzled; puzzled C puzzling; puzzled; puzzling D puzzling; puzzling; puzzled Question 43: This is the biggest lab we have ever built in our university A which B where C what D that Question 44: Due to the violent nuclear leakage, the of the electricity supplies put Japan's northeastern cities in a sate of chaos A currency B variety C failure D absence Question 45: Many experts agree that there is a possibility in this area in the following days A what may some more earthquakes happen B where may some more earthquakes happen C that some more earthquakes may happen D when some more earthquakes may happen Question 46: Only my cousin has chosen to apply for a job in Africa .the majority of this year's graduates working in Britain A by reason of B in common with C in contrast to D as well as Question 47: Some researchers are finding that daydreaming may be important to mental health and it is good means of relaxation A Ø - a B the - Ø C Ø - the D Ø - Ø Question 48: Not having promoted the new digital camera successfully, the company should its original marketing methods A account for B call up C reflect on D work out Question 49: The local government .him the prize for his bravery A awarded B rewarded C won D presented Question 50: As their products find their way into the international market, their brand is gaining popularity A on B in C with D from SỞ GIÁO DỤC ĐÀO TẠO ĐỀ CHÍNH THỨC (Đề gồm có 04 trang) ÔN THI TỐT NGHIỆP TRUNG HỌC PHỔ THÔNG NĂM HỌC 2016- 2017 MÔN TIẾNG ANH ~ ĐỀ 612 Thời gian: 60 phút - không tính thời gian giao đề Mark(s) Phách ……… Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions Question 1:A dissolve B resident C proposal D preserve Question 2:A coughed B toughed C wretched D laughed Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions Question 3: It is estimated that at least a million meteors have hit the Earth's surface, which is only 25 percentage of the planet A million B is estimated C have hit D percentage Question 4: Despite much research, there are still certain elements in the life cycle of the insect that is not fully understood A in B is C Despite D understood Question 5: In 1921 Einstein won the Nobel Prize, and was honoured in Germany until the rise of Nazism, then he was driven from Germany because he was a Jew A then B from C the rise D was honoured Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions Question 6: As their products find their way into the international market, their brand is gaining popularity A in B on C with D from Question 7: The local government .him the prize for his bravery A presented B won C rewarded D awarded Question 8: As most of their houses were badly damaged after the earthquake, many people had to be in a stadium A put away B put off C put out D put up Question 9: Not having promoted the new digital camera successfully, the company should its original marketing methods A work out B reflect on C account for D call up Question 10: Only my cousin has chosen to apply for a job in Africa .the majority of this year's graduates working in Britain A in common with B in contrast to C by reason of D as well as Question 11: Some researchers are finding that daydreaming may be important to mental health and it is good means of relaxation A Ø - a B the - Ø C Ø - Ø D Ø - the Question 12: There was a .look on her face because a .problem .the little girl A puzzled; puzzling; puzzled B puzzling; puzzling; puzzled C puzzled; puzzled; puzzled D puzzling; puzzled; puzzling Question 13: Henry has come in his raincoat and boots, .for rain A prepares B to prepare C preparing D prepared Question 14: This is the biggest lab we have ever built in our university A what B that C which D where Question 15: Due to the violent nuclear leakage, the of the electricity supplies put Japan's northeastern cities in a sate of chaos A absence B failure C currency D variety Question 16: Many experts agree that there is a possibility in this area in the following days A that some more earthquakes may happen B when some more earthquakes may happen C where may some more earthquakes happen D what may some more earthquakes happen Question 17: for the timely investment from the general public, our company would not be so thriving as it is A Were it not B Had it not been C Should it not D Be it not Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions Question 18:A exclude B expire C exceed D expert Question 19:A infallible B intensity C intimacy D industrial Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges Question 20: ~ Waiter: "May I take your order now, sir?" ~ Mr Smith: " " A Yes, I'd like some fish and chips B Sure, it's delicious C Ok, here is my bill D Thanks, I've really had enough Question 21: ~ Jack: "Excuse me, but could I trouble you for some change?" ~ Alex: " Will pennies do?" A Let me see B Never mind C I am sure D I know Read the following passage and choose the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions Education is an issue which concerns many people in the UK as well as round the world In England, Wales and Northern Ireland pupils sit GCSE (General Certificate in Secondary Education) exams followed years later by A (Advanced) levels Pupils in Scotland follow a different system, finishing their time at school with the Higher Leaving Certificate One particular worry - why are boys doing so badly? Some twenty years ago, the performance of girls and boys in class was compared Boys scored better in exams, so various measures were introduced to improve the performance of girls, including having single sex girl only classes Now, the situation is reversed, with girls consistently out-performing boys So, what has gone wrong with boys, and what can be done about it? John Dunsford, leader of the association of head teachers of secondary schools, says that that the academic failure of boys is a problem which has its roots in society rather than the classroom Girls, more than boys, see education as a passport to a good job On the other hand, according to Penny Lewis, a head teacher, young men lack confidence, which they hide with a show of bravado They're uncertain about their place in society Some boys grow up in families where there is no male role model to follow Moreover, boys may learn in a different way to girls, preferring small amounts of work with immediate deadlines rather than large projects stretching into the distance And education is not seen as "cool" As one contributor to a BBC website put it, "Girls achieve more at school because they are watching the future while the boys are watching the girls." This is not just a problem in Britain In a study by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development and UNESCO, girls out-performed boys at reading at the age of 15 in all 45 countries The UK ranks ninth out of the 45 countries for reading despite the fact that pupils in the UK spend less time reading than in most other countries Interestingly, the study suggested that British children read for pleasure more often than those in other countries (Source: http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/news/britain/education.shtml) Question 22: Some boys are not sure of themselves because of A their financial capability B their lack of family support C their family situations D their low self-esteem Question 23: It is stated in the passage that A Boys achieve better results than girls at GCSE and A-level B Girls are much more likely to go to university and are expecting to take the better-paid jobs C Nowadays, boys' educational success reflects wider social changes D Now that girls have drawn ahead, schools are working hard to raise boys' achievement Question 24: What does the word "cool" in the passage mostly mean? A interesting B priceless C fashionable D unattractive Question 25: The phrase "a show of bravado" in the passage refers to A showing what they think or they tend to B expressing their support and appreciation C their lack of confidence at work D doing things which make them appear courageous Question 26: What does the author mean by the phrase "see education as a passport" in the passage? A Girls try their best to avoid drifting out of school without qualifications and be better at socializing B Girls see education as a means of broading their knowledge and exposuring to diverse cultures, C Girls think that learning is the key to the opportunity to go to many countries in the world D Girls regard education as a way of enabling them to go further and more in life Question 27: Which of the following is true according to the passage? A Boys don't well at school because of what happens in class B Boys prefer to work on large projects C Boys pay too much attention to girls to learn well at school D Boys have always scored better in exams than girls Question 28: Which of the following could best serve as the title of passage? A The UK succeeds in advancing in global school rankings B Differences in learning style between girls and boys in class C How to change the process of teaching in schools D Closing the gender gap in our schools Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks Though many stories from around the world describe behavioural changes in various animals in the days and hours before an earthquake, research testing animals' ability to predict earthquakes has been (29) Recently, however, scientists were able to document the behaviours of a group of toads before, during, and after an earthquake Researchers were studying the breeding habits of a particular group of toads, when, suddenly, 96 percent of the males simply (30) for a five-day period A significant earthquake and several aftershocks (31) on the fifth day after the departure Six days after the last aftershock, the males returned and resumed mating, as if (32) had happened It turns out that prior to the earthquake, there had been subtle changes in the Earth's magnetic field, and an increase in the amount of radon gas in the groundwater (33) , there were unusual electrical disturbances in the upper atmosphere (Adapted from "Practice Tests for the ECPE Book - Test 4") Question 29:A released B rare C undertaken D available Question 30:A walked B disappeared C jumped D fought Question 31:A occurred B went C formed D left Question 32:A earthquake B it C nothing D whatever Question 33:A At least B Always C Additionally D Alternatively Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions Question 34: Scientists have achieved findings substantial enough to remove our fear of GM foods A controversial B conducive C abundant D convincing Question 35: Harriet Beecher Stowe was an obscure writer until the publication of Uncle Tom’s Cabin A eminent B infamous C unknown D popular Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions Question 36: I was extremely annoyed at the way new boss treated us all I tried not to show it A I couldn't help letting the new boss see just how angry he made me with those remarks to us B The new boss behaved towards us badly that someone just had to let him know how angry we were C The new boss treated us all so badly that I couldn't hide my disgust from him D I made an effort to hide from the new boss the anger I felt at his treatment of us Question 37: He has been giving most of his money to charity He hopes to ease the pain and suffering of the disadvantaged A Hoping to ease the pain and suffering of the disadvantaged, he has given them most of his money B Easing the pain and suffering of the disadvantaged made him give most of his money to charity C Giving most of his money to charity, he hopes to ease the pain and suffering of the disadvantaged D He has been giving most of his money to the disadvantaged to ease their pain and suffering Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions Question 38: I've worked with her for donkey’s years, and I still don't know how to use the photocopier A for a short time B from the beginning C from time to time D for good and all Question 39: My wife will never admit that she's wrong, even when she knows she is She's so pig-headed A obstinate B stubborn C obedient D careful Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions Question 40: I was not surprised to hear that Harry had failed his driving test A If Harry had not failed his driving test, I would have been surprised B Harry's having failed his driving test is not my surprise C By having failed his driving test, Harry made no surprise D It came as no surprise to me that Harry had failed his driving test Question 41: The Prime Minister is unlikely to call an early general election A It's likely that the Prime Minister will call an early general election B The likelihood is that the Prime Minister will call an early general election C There is little likelihood of the Prime Minister calling an early general election D The likelihood is great that the Prime Minister will call an early general election Question 42: It is acknowledged that Vietnam had a complete control over SARS from a very early stage of the epidemic A Vietnam is acknowledged to have completely controlled SARS from a very early stage of the epidemic B Vietnam is acknowledged to have controlled SARS from a very early stage of the epidemic C Vietnam was acknowledged to have had a complete control over SARS from a very early stage of the epidemic D Vietnam is acknowledged to have a complete control over SARS from a very early stage of the epidemic Read the following passage and choose the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions The economic growth that many nations in Asia and increasingly Africa have experienced over the past couple of decades has transformed hundreds of millions of lives - almost entirely for the better But there's a byproduct to that growth, one that's evident - or sometimes less than evident - in the smoggy, smelly skies above cities like Beijing, New Delhi and Jakara Thanks to new cars and power plants, air pollution is bad and getting worse in much of the world, and it's taking a major toll on global health How big? According to a new analysis published in the Lancet, more than 3.2 million people suffered deaths from air pollution in 2010, the largest number on record That's up from 800,000 in 2000 And it's a regional problem: 65% of those deaths occurred in Asia, where the air is choked by diesel soot from cars and trucks, as well as the song from power plants and the dust from endless urban construction In East Asia and China, 1.2 million people died, as well as another 712,000 in South Asia, including India For the first time ever, air pollution is on the world's top - 10 list of killers, and it's moving up the ranks faster than any other factor So how can air pollution be so damaging? It is the very finest soot - so small that it roots deep within the lungs and then enters the bloodstream - that contributes to most of the public - health toll of air pollution including death Diesel soot, which can also cause cancer, is a major problem because it is concentrated in cities along transportation zones affecting overpopulated areas It is thought to contribute to half the deaths from air pollution in urban centers For example, in people in the u.s live near a diesel - pollution hot spot like a rail yard, port terminal or freeway We also know that air pollution may be linked to other non-deadly diseases Fortunately in the U.S and other developed nations, urban air is for the most part cleaner than it was 30 or 40 years ago, thanks to regulations and new technologies like the catalytic converters that reduce automobile emissions Governments are also pushing to make air cleaner - see the White House's move last week to further tighten soot standards It's not perfect, but we've had much more success dealing with air pollution than climate change Will developing nations like India eventually catch up? Hopefully - though the problem may get worse before it gets better The good news is that it doesn't take a major technological advance to improve urban air Switching from diesel fuel to unleaded helps, as newer and cleaner cars which are less likely to send out pollutants Power plants - even ones that burn mineral fuels like coal - can be fitted with pollution - control equipment that, at a price, will greatly reduce smog and other pollutants But the best solutions may involve urban design In the Guardian, John Vidal notes that Delhi now has 200 cars per 1,000 people, far more than much richer Asian cities like Hong Kong and Singapore Developing cities will almost certainly see an increase in car ownership as residents become wealthier - and that doesn't have to mean deadly air pollution Higher incomes should also lead to tougher environmental regulations, which is exactly what happened in the West We can only hope it happens before the death toll from bad air gets even higher (Source: http://science.time.com by Bryan Walsh) Question 43: What tends to give rise to the highest death toll according to the passage? A The increasing numbers of the diesel cars and trucks B The lack of tight environmental protection standards C The world's serious air pollution such as soot and dust D The frighteningly high death rate from deadly cancer Question 44: According to the passage, which of the following is an example of measure taken to help generate less emissions? A Catalytic converters are applied to exhaust systems in automobiles B Many nations encourage people to avoid densely populated areas C The government minimizes the number of people using car in major cities D People increase the use of vehicles powered by mineral fuels Question 45: The phrase "taking a major toll" in paragraph is closest in meaning to A creating motivation B leading to danger C having a bad effect D making it possible Question 46: The basic reason why so many people die from air pollution is that A the diesel soot is much too poisonous to breathe B the diesel soot roots in lungs and gets into blood C the diesel soot can also contribute to deadly cancer D the diesel soot is too small to be seen Question 47: All of the following statements are true according to the passage EXCEPT A The report found that the number of people suffering deaths from air pollution in 2010 is greater than that in 2000 B Air pollution may have been responsible for our mental health problems and prematurely robbed US of our lives C Many efforts have been put into the reduction of the emission of pollutants through the tightening of legislation on new vehicles D The tightening of the emission standards has helped people solve some of the immediate environmental problems, for example, tackle air pollution Question 48: The word "byproduct" in paragraph most probably refers to A design B reform C solution D consequence Question 49: According to the passage, the writer actually wants to convince the readers that A the ecological situation and air pollution in India are becoming worse and worse B the unbeatable air is increasingly becoming a major killer throughout the world C the global economic growth is mainly to blame for air pollution and climate change D the developing countries are repeating the same mistakes as the developed ones made Question 50: By describing urban design as "the best solutions" in the last paragraph, the writer means that A the pace of development has to be slowed down to reduce air pollution B the urban construction in western developed countries is the best choice C the making of tougher environmental regulations alone is of little use D more sever regulations should be made to handle air pollution SỞ GIÁO DỤC ĐÀO TẠO ĐỀ CHÍNH THỨC (Đề gồm có 04 trang) Mark(s) ÔN THI TỐT NGHIỆP TRUNG HỌC PHỔ THÔNG NĂM HỌC 2016- 2017 MÔN TIẾNG ANH ~ ĐỀ 465 Thời gian: 60 phút - không tính thời gian giao đề Phách ……… Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions Question 1:A laughed B wretched C coughed D toughed Question 2:A preserve B resident C proposal D dissolve Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions Question 3:A intimacy B intensity C infallible D industrial Question 4:A expire B exceed C exclude D expert Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions Question 5: In 1921 Einstein won the Nobel Prize, and was honoured in Germany until the rise of Nazism, then he was driven from Germany because he was a Jew A the rise B then C from D was honoured Question 6: It is estimated that at least a million meteors have hit the Earth's surface, which is only 25 percentage of the planet A percentage B is estimated C million D have hit Question 7: Despite much research, there are still certain elements in the life cycle of the insect that is not fully understood A in B Despite C is D understood Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks Though many stories from around the world describe behavioural changes in various animals in the days and hours before an earthquake, research testing animals' ability to predict earthquakes has been (8) Recently, however, scientists were able to document the behaviours of a group of toads before, during, and after an earthquake Researchers were studying the breeding habits of a particular group of toads, when, suddenly, 96 percent of the males simply (9) for a five-day period A significant earthquake and several aftershocks (10) on the fifth day after the departure Six days after the last aftershock, the males returned and resumed mating, as if (11) had happened It turns out that prior to the earthquake, there had been subtle changes in the Earth's magnetic field, and an increase in the amount of radon gas in the groundwater .(12) , there were unusual electrical disturbances in the upper atmosphere (Adapted from "Practice Tests for the ECPE Book - Test 4") Question 8:A rare B undertaken C released D available Question 9:A disappeared B jumped C walked D fought Question 10:A occurred B left C formed D went Question 11:A nothing B whatever C it D earthquake Question 12:A At least B Always C Additionally D Alternatively Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges Question 13: ~ Waiter: "May I take your order now, sir?" ~ Mr Smith: " " A Yes, I'd like some fish and chips B Sure, it's delicious C Thanks, I've really had enough D Ok, here is my bill Question 14: ~ Jack: "Excuse me, but could I trouble you for some change?" ~ Alex: " Will pennies do?" A I know B Let me see C I am sure D Never mind Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions Question 15: Many experts agree that there is a possibility in this area in the following days A what may some more earthquakes happen B where may some more earthquakes happen C that some more earthquakes may happen D when some more earthquakes may happen Question 16: As most of their houses were badly damaged after the earthquake, many people had to be in a stadium A put away B put out C put off D put up Question 17: Henry has come in his raincoat and boots, .for rain A to prepare B preparing C prepared D prepares Question 18: Due to the violent nuclear leakage, the of the electricity supplies put Japan's northeastern cities in a sate of chaos A failure B absence C variety D currency Question 19: This is the biggest lab we have ever built in our university A which B what C where D that Question 20: The local government .him the prize for his bravery A won B awarded C presented D rewarded Question 21: Only my cousin has chosen to apply for a job in Africa .the majority of this year's graduates working in Britain A as well as B by reason of C in contrast to D in common with Question 22: Not having promoted the new digital camera successfully, the company should its original marketing methods A reflect on B call up C work out D account for Question 23: There was a .look on her face because a .problem .the little girl A puzzling; puzzled; puzzling B puzzled; puzzled; puzzled C puzzling; puzzling; puzzled D puzzled; puzzling; puzzled Question 24: for the timely investment from the general public, our company would not be so thriving as it is A Be it not B Should it not C Were it not D Had it not been Question 25: As their products find their way into the international market, their brand is gaining popularity A in B from C with D on Question 26: Some researchers are finding that daydreaming may be important to mental health and it is good means of relaxation A the - Ø B Ø - the C Ø - a D Ø - Ø Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions Question 27: My wife will never admit that she's wrong, even when she knows she is She's so pig-headed A obedient B careful C stubborn D obstinate Question 28: I've worked with her for donkey’s years, and I still don't know how to use the photocopier A from time to time B for a short time C from the beginning D for good and all Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions Question 29: It is acknowledged that Vietnam had a complete control over SARS from a very early stage of the epidemic A Vietnam is acknowledged to have a complete control over SARS from a very early stage of the epidemic B Vietnam is acknowledged to have completely controlled SARS from a very early stage of the epidemic C Vietnam was acknowledged to have had a complete control over SARS from a very early stage of the epidemic D Vietnam is acknowledged to have controlled SARS from a very early stage of the epidemic Question 30: I was not surprised to hear that Harry had failed his driving test A If Harry had not failed his driving test, I would have been surprised B By having failed his driving test, Harry made no surprise C It came as no surprise to me that Harry had failed his driving test D Harry's having failed his driving test is not my surprise Question 31: The Prime Minister is unlikely to call an early general election A The likelihood is great that the Prime Minister will call an early general election B The likelihood is that the Prime Minister will call an early general election C There is little likelihood of the Prime Minister calling an early general election D It's likely that the Prime Minister will call an early general election Read the following passage and choose the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions Education is an issue which concerns many people in the UK as well as round the world In England, Wales and Northern Ireland pupils sit GCSE (General Certificate in Secondary Education) exams followed years later by A (Advanced) levels Pupils in Scotland follow a different system, finishing their time at school with the Higher Leaving Certificate One particular worry - why are boys doing so badly? Some twenty years ago, the performance of girls and boys in class was compared Boys scored better in exams, so various measures were introduced to improve the performance of girls, including having single sex girl only classes Now, the situation is reversed, with girls consistently out-performing boys So, what has gone wrong with boys, and what can be done about it? John Dunsford, leader of the association of head teachers of secondary schools, says that that the academic failure of boys is a problem which has its roots in society rather than the classroom Girls, more than boys, see education as a passport to a good job On the other hand, according to Penny Lewis, a head teacher, young men lack confidence, which they hide with a show of bravado They're uncertain about their place in society Some boys grow up in families where there is no male role model to follow Moreover, boys may learn in a different way to girls, preferring small amounts of work with immediate deadlines rather than large projects stretching into the distance And education is not seen as "cool" As one contributor to a BBC website put it, "Girls achieve more at school because they are watching the future while the boys are watching the girls." This is not just a problem in Britain In a study by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development and UNESCO, girls out-performed boys at reading at the age of 15 in all 45 countries The UK ranks ninth out of the 45 countries for reading despite the fact that pupils in the UK spend less time reading than in most other countries Interestingly, the study suggested that British children read for pleasure more often than those in other countries (Source: http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/news/britain/education.shtml) Question 32: What does the word "cool" in the passage mostly mean? A priceless B unattractive C interesting D fashionable Question 33: Which of the following could best serve as the title of passage? A The UK succeeds in advancing in global school rankings B How to change the process of teaching in schools C Differences in learning style between girls and boys in class D Closing the gender gap in our schools Question 34: Which of the following is true according to the passage? A Boys prefer to work on large projects B Boys don't well at school because of what happens in class C Boys pay too much attention to girls to learn well at school D Boys have always scored better in exams than girls Question 35: The phrase "a show of bravado" in the passage refers to A doing things which make them appear courageous B showing what they think or they tend to C their lack of confidence at work D expressing their support and appreciation Question 36: What does the author mean by the phrase "see education as a passport" in the passage? A Girls try their best to avoid drifting out of school without qualifications and be better at socializing B Girls regard education as a way of enabling them to go further and more in life C Girls see education as a means of broading their knowledge and exposuring to diverse cultures, D Girls think that learning is the key to the opportunity to go to many countries in the world Question 37: It is stated in the passage that A Nowadays, boys' educational success reflects wider social changes B Now that girls have drawn ahead, schools are working hard to raise boys' achievement C Girls are much more likely to go to university and are expecting to take the better-paid jobs D Boys achieve better results than girls at GCSE and A-level Question 38: Some boys are not sure of themselves because of A their low self-esteem B their family situations C their lack of family support D their financial capability Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions Question 39: He has been giving most of his money to charity He hopes to ease the pain and suffering of the disadvantaged A Easing the pain and suffering of the disadvantaged made him give most of his money to charity B Hoping to ease the pain and suffering of the disadvantaged, he has given them most of his money C Giving most of his money to charity, he hopes to ease the pain and suffering of the disadvantaged D He has been giving most of his money to the disadvantaged to ease their pain and suffering Question 40: I was extremely annoyed at the way new boss treated us all I tried not to show it A I couldn't help letting the new boss see just how angry he made me with those remarks to us B The new boss treated us all so badly that I couldn't hide my disgust from him C I made an effort to hide from the new boss the anger I felt at his treatment of us D The new boss behaved towards us badly that someone just had to let him know how angry we were Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions Question 41: Scientists have achieved findings substantial enough to remove our fear of GM foods A conducive B abundant C convincing D controversial Question 42: Harriet Beecher Stowe was an obscure writer until the publication of Uncle Tom’s Cabin A eminent B infamous C popular D unknown Read the following passage and choose the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions The economic growth that many nations in Asia and increasingly Africa have experienced over the past couple of decades has transformed hundreds of millions of lives - almost entirely for the better But there's a byproduct to that growth, one that's evident - or sometimes less than evident - in the smoggy, smelly skies above cities like Beijing, New Delhi and Jakara Thanks to new cars and power plants, air pollution is bad and getting worse in much of the world, and it's taking a major toll on global health How big? According to a new analysis published in the Lancet, more than 3.2 million people suffered deaths from air pollution in 2010, the largest number on record That's up from 800,000 in 2000 And it's a regional problem: 65% of those deaths occurred in Asia, where the air is choked by diesel soot from cars and trucks, as well as the song from power plants and the dust from endless urban construction In East Asia and China, 1.2 million people died, as well as another 712,000 in South Asia, including India For the first time ever, air pollution is on the world's top - 10 list of killers, and it's moving up the ranks faster than any other factor So how can air pollution be so damaging? It is the very finest soot - so small that it roots deep within the lungs and then enters the bloodstream - that contributes to most of the public - health toll of air pollution including death Diesel soot, which can also cause cancer, is a major problem because it is concentrated in cities along transportation zones affecting overpopulated areas It is thought to contribute to half the deaths from air pollution in urban centers For example, in people in the u.s live near a diesel - pollution hot spot like a rail yard, port terminal or freeway We also know that air pollution may be linked to other non-deadly diseases Fortunately in the U.S and other developed nations, urban air is for the most part cleaner than it was 30 or 40 years ago, thanks to regulations and new technologies like the catalytic converters that reduce automobile emissions Governments are also pushing to make air cleaner - see the White House's move last week to further tighten soot standards It's not perfect, but we've had much more success dealing with air pollution than climate change Will developing nations like India eventually catch up? Hopefully - though the problem may get worse before it gets better The good news is that it doesn't take a major technological advance to improve urban air Switching from diesel fuel to unleaded helps, as newer and cleaner cars which are less likely to send out pollutants Power plants - even ones that burn mineral fuels like coal - can be fitted with pollution - control equipment that, at a price, will greatly reduce smog and other pollutants But the best solutions may involve urban design In the Guardian, John Vidal notes that Delhi now has 200 cars per 1,000 people, far more than much richer Asian cities like Hong Kong and Singapore Developing cities will almost certainly see an increase in car ownership as residents become wealthier - and that doesn't have to mean deadly air pollution Higher incomes should also lead to tougher environmental regulations, which is exactly what happened in the West We can only hope it happens before the death toll from bad air gets even higher (Source: http://science.time.com by Bryan Walsh) Question 43: The word "byproduct" in paragraph most probably refers to A reform B solution C design D consequence Question 44: By describing urban design as "the best solutions" in the last paragraph, the writer means that A the urban construction in western developed countries is the best choice B more sever regulations should be made to handle air pollution C the making of tougher environmental regulations alone is of little use D the pace of development has to be slowed down to reduce air pollution Question 45: The basic reason why so many people die from air pollution is that A the diesel soot can also contribute to deadly cancer B the diesel soot roots in lungs and gets into blood C the diesel soot is much too poisonous to breathe D the diesel soot is too small to be seen Question 46: What tends to give rise to the highest death toll according to the passage? A The lack of tight environmental protection standards B The increasing numbers of the diesel cars and trucks C The frighteningly high death rate from deadly cancer D The world's serious air pollution such as soot and dust Question 47: According to the passage, which of the following is an example of measure taken to help generate less emissions? A Many nations encourage people to avoid densely populated areas B Catalytic converters are applied to exhaust systems in automobiles C The government minimizes the number of people using car in major cities D People increase the use of vehicles powered by mineral fuels Question 48: All of the following statements are true according to the passage EXCEPT A The report found that the number of people suffering deaths from air pollution in 2010 is greater than that in 2000 B Many efforts have been put into the reduction of the emission of pollutants through the tightening of legislation on new vehicles C The tightening of the emission standards has helped people solve some of the immediate environmental problems, for example, tackle air pollution D Air pollution may have been responsible for our mental health problems and prematurely robbed US of our lives Question 49: According to the passage, the writer actually wants to convince the readers that A the unbeatable air is increasingly becoming a major killer throughout the world B the ecological situation and air pollution in India are becoming worse and worse C the developing countries are repeating the same mistakes as the developed ones made D the global economic growth is mainly to blame for air pollution and climate change Question 50: The phrase "taking a major toll" in paragraph is closest in meaning to A leading to danger B having a bad effect C creating motivation D making it possible ... pollution B more sever regulations should be made to handle air pollution C the making of tougher environmental regulations alone is of little use D the urban construction in western developed... means that A the making of tougher environmental regulations alone is of little use B more sever regulations should be made to handle air pollution C the urban construction in western developed countries... regulations should be made to handle air pollution C the urban construction in western developed countries is the best choice D the pace of development has to be slowed down to reduce air pollution Mark
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