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OPEN DOORS OPEN DOORS Student’s Book NORMAN WHITNEY Unit WHO’S THAT BOY? A PRESENTATION Kate and her friends live in London They are talking about their summer holidays Mark’s family have got a caravan They travelled round Scotland Becky and her mum stayed with some relations at the seaside Paul’s grandparents invited him to Ireland His hobbies are birdwatching and photography The weather was terrible − it rained all the time Kate and her parents were in Spain this summer Becky: Can we look at your photos, Kate? Kate: Yes, sure Becky: Oh! Who’s that boy? Kate: Oh, er, I can’t remember His name was Tim, I think, from Manchester Paul: Did you like the food in Spain? Kate: Yes, I did I liked it a lot Paul: Did your mum and dad like it? Kate: No, they didn’t They just wanted English food They asked for fish and chips all the time! Paul: Look! There’s that boy again! Kate: This was a party on the beach Mark: Kate! You and that boy are dancing together You don’t like dancing! Kate: Yes, I - sometimes Kate’s mum: Kate There’s a letter for you It’s from Manchester Kate: From Manchester? Tim! Mark: Hmph! Kate never wants to dance with me! Comprehension Who was each postcard from? Write the names in your notebook Example: Mum and Dad don’t like the food but I love it Bye for now, Kate May aunt and uncle have got a fantastic house near the beach Love, The weather’s really bad but I’m having a great time! See you soon, We stopped at Loch Ness but we didn’t see the monster! All the best, There’s a girl from same hotel She’s a really good dancer More news later, Communication: Talking about permission Listen and repeat Becky: Can I go to the disco tonight? Mum: Yes, you can Becky: Can I stay until 2.00 A.M Mum: No, you can’t Now ask and answer with a partner Go to a party at the weekend Have a CD player Go to England for a holiday You choose! Talking about ability Work in groups Ask and answer Can you? … − say the English alphabet, forwards - and backwards − say ‘hello’ in three languages − continue the numbers: 11 16… − name the odd one out in this list: 18 36 27 You choose! Learn this! Use can to express − permission: You can go to the disco but you can’t stay until 2.00 A.M − ability: I can speak English but I can’t speak Chinese Pronunciation Listen and repeat The letter ‘e’ is pronounced The letter ‘e’ is silent Wanted Lik(e)d Hated Ask(e)d Decided Rain(e)d Listen and repeat Put each word in the correct group invite lived added talked danced painted waited stayed B GRAMMAR THE PAST SIMPLE TENSE: REGULAR VERBS Learn the forms Affirmative: They played tennis yesterday Negative Full form: They did not play football yesterday Short form: They didn’t play baseball yesterday Interrogative Q: Did they play basketball yesterday? A: Yes, they did Or: No, they didn’t Complete the rules in your notebook Use play, played, did, didn’t Affirmative = the past simple form Negative = + the base form Questions = + the base form Complete the conversation Use Watch(ed) Did(n’t) Helen: Did you _ TV last night? Andy: yes, I _ What about you? Helen: No, I _ I _ a video Look at the pictures and write six true sentences about Helen and Andy Helen played tennis on Tuesday Andy didn’t visit his Uncle Hoe on Wednesday Practise the dialogue Then ask and answer other questions about Helen and Andy You: Did Andy visit his Uncle Joe on Tuesday? Partner: Yes, he did You: Did Andy and Helen play tennis on Thursday? Partner: No, they didn’t Spelling Complete the past simple forms Pay attention to the spelling Visit Visited Stay Invite Invited Arrive Study Studied Hurry Stop Stopped Prefer Put the verbs into the past simple tense Helen invited Andy to her house last Friday Andy (1 arrive) at seven o’clock They (2 decide) to go to the sports centre Helen (3 want) to play table - tennis Helen and Andy (4 stay) at the sports centre until ten o’clock ‘What you want to now?’ (5 ask) Andy ‘I’d like a hamburger, (6 reply) Helen They (7 finish) their hamburger at half past ten It was late! Helen (8 hurry) home Her dad was really angry Now Helen can’t go out in the evenings The past simple tense of the verb ‘be’ Complete the table Affirmative Negative I/ he/ she/ it Was Wasn’t We/ you/ they Were Weren’t Listen and repeat Then ask and answer about other times and days Girl: Where were you at 8.00 p.m last Friday? Boy: I was at the cinema Girl: Who were you with? Boy: My friend, Mike You choose! Study skills: Asking for help 10 Listen and repeat Then ask and answer about other English words − How you spell ‘travelled’? T-R-A-V-E double L-E-D − How you pronounce this word? You pronounce it ‘barbecue’ C VOCABULARY HOBBIES AND INTERESTS Match the hobbies with the pictures Then listen and repeat the correct answers Basketball Pop music Fishing Photography Computer games Windsurfing Climbing Cycling Listen Complete the sentences and choose the correct answers Jane’s hobby is , because a) she’s keen on all kinds of sport b) her friend is also interested in it Kevin is keen on , because a) he likes being outdoors b) his dad is also interested in it Maria’s hobby is , because a) she likes the view from the top b) she’s keen on fresh air and exercise Read about Ewa and answer the questions What are her hobbies and interests? Which one is her favourite? Why? ‘My name’s Ewa and I come from Krakow in Poland I’ve got a lot of hobbies, and interests At school I play hockey and volleyball and I sometimes go swimming with my friends I’m keen on foreign travel and meeting people I want to go America, especially Hollywood, because I’m very interested in movies and I enjoy reading about famous film stars My favourite hobby is pop music because I like dancing My favourite singer is George Michael I like him because he is really good-looking, and he sings well.’ Write about your hobbies and interests Include a photo! Learn this! + noun + verb with -ing I like sport I like playing sport She’s keen on computer games She’s keen on playing computer games He’s interested in boats English across the curriculum: Geography - countries of the world Can you the quiz? Each sentence describes a different country Identify all six countries, complete the tie-breaker, and you can win a fabulous round-the-world holiday! It is the home of spaghetti! The official language of this South American country is Portuguese In this country you can see the famous Taj Mahal The capital of this country is Canbera – not Sydney Montreal and Lake Winnipeg are in this country This country elected Nelson Mandela as its first black president in 1994 Tie-breaker Now complete this sentence in no more than 25 words: I would like to travel round the world because Put the answers to the quiz in the correct continent Africa _ North America _ Europe _ Australasia _ Asia _ South America _ How many more countries can you add to each continent? Work with a partner Can you name this country? This country is in Africa It is very big, and the population is about 50 million The climate is warm and dry in the winter, and very hot and dry in the summer The main geographical features are a large desert, the River Nile, and a fertile delta at the mouth of the river The main industries are agriculture, tourism, and textiles, especially cotton The country is famous for its ancient history, for the pyramids, and for the Suez Canal The main language is Arabic, and the main religion is Islam The capital city is Cairo, in the north east Write a similar text about another country First make notes, and then change your notes into sentences Can your classmates name your country? Continent Population Climate Industry Famous for Language Capital D SKILLS WORK PEOPLE FROM OTHER LANDS Listen to the girl in the photograph Choose the correct answers Her name is a) Ling b) Mei 11 She comes from a) China b) Singapore She lives in a) city b) the countryside She lives near a) the sea I You She Worked He Played It Watched We You They Negative I You She Work He Didn’t It Play Watch We You They didn’t = did not Interrogative Did I Work? You Play? She Watch? He It We You They We watched television yesterday A: Did you visit your uncle last week? B: No, I didn’t We use the past simple to describe an action that started and finished in the past We often include a time expression in the same sentence, for example yesterday, three days ago, last Monday Irregular verbs Some verbs are irregular in the affirmative form of the past simple tense, for example go (went), see (saw) Affirmative: Sam and Judy saw a film last week Negative: They didn’t see a film yesterday Interrogative: Did they see a film on Monday? Past simple tense with ago I finished my homework ten minutes ago (= ten minutes before now) PAST SIMPLE TENSE OF THE VERB BE (unit 1b) Affirmative I Was You Were She Were He It We You Were They Negative I Wasn’t You Weren’t She He Weren’t It We You Weren’t They wasn’t = was not weren’t = were not Interrogative Was I? Were You? She? Was He? It? We? Were You? They? A: Where were you yesterday? B: I was at the doctor’s POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS (unit 8b); WHOSE (unit 8a) Possessive adjectives Possessive pronouns My Mine Your Yours Her Hers His His Its _ Our Ours Your Yours their Theirs A: Whose ticket is this? B: It’s mine I can’t find my pen Can I borrow yours? We use a possessive pronoun (mine, yours,…) instead of a possessive adjective + noun (my ticket, your pen,…) We use whose in questions about possession PRESENT PERFECT TENSE (units 8b, 9b) We form the present perfect tense with the verb have + past participle For regular verbs, the past participle is always the same as the past simple (e.g play played played) For irregular verbs, the past participle is not always the same as the past simple (e.g see saw seen) Affirmative I ‘ve Played You She He Arrived ‘s It Seen We Eaten You ‘ve They ‘ve = have ‘s = has Negative I Haven’t You She Played He Hasn’t Arrived It Seen We Eaten You Haven’t They Haven’t = have not Hasn’t = has not Interrogative Have Has I Played? You Arrived? She He It Seen? Eaten? We Have You They We use the present perfect to talk about: − experiences in a period of time up to the present Sam’s been to Manchester (at some time during his life) − actions which began in the past and continue in the present They’ve lived in New York for ten years (They still live there now.) − actions which have a result in the present Oh no! I’ve lost my ticket (I can’t find it now.) We often use the present perfect with the following words: with ever and never A: Has she ever been to America? B: No, she’s never been there with for and since We’ve been here for three hours (for = a period of time) We’ve been here since six o’clock (since = a point of time in the past) with just, already and yet I’ve just finished my homework My brother has already finished his Have you finished yours yet? PRESENT SIMPLE AND PRESENT CONTINUOUS (unit 5b) Present simple Affirmative I Play You She He Plays It We You Play They Negative I Don’t You She He Doesn’t It Play We You Don’t They Don’t = not Doesn’t = does not Interrogative Do Does I You She He Play? It We Do You They They play tennis every weekend My cousins live in Australia I like ice cream We use the present simple tense to talk about habits and routines, permanent states, and emotions and feelings Present continuous Affirmative I ‘m You ‘re She He Studying ‘s It Running We You Playing ‘re They ‘m = am ‘re = are ‘s = is Negative I ‘m not Studying You Aren’t Playing She Running He Isn’t It We You Aren’t They Aren’t = are not Isn’t = is not Interrogative Am I Are You She Is He It We Are Studying? Playing? Running? You They My sister is doing her homework at the moment We’re having a party at the weekend We use the present continuous tense to talk about something that is happening now, and to talk about future arrangements QUANTIFIERS Some, any There’s some bread, and there are some cakes There isn’t any bread, and there aren’t any cakes Is there any bread? Are there any cakes? Some and any go before a plural countable noun or an uncountable noun We use some in affirmative sentences, and any in negative and interrogative sentences How much…? How many…? How much sugar we need? How many oranges we need? We use How much…? with uncountable nouns We use How many…? with plural countable nouns A little, a few, a lot of There’s a little sugar There are a few apples There’s a lot of bread There are a lot of oranges We use a little with uncountable nouns, afew with plural countable nouns, and a lot of with both uncountable and plural countable nouns QUESTION TAGS (unit 11b) Main verb Question tag You’re Spanish, aren’t you? He isn’t English, is he? We use question tags to check information that we think is correct When the main verb is affirmative, the question tag is negative When the main verb is negative, the question tag is affirmative SUPERLATIVE FORMS OF ADJECTIVES See Comparative and superlative forms of adjectives TOO AND ENOUGH (unit 7b) This shirt is too small It isn’t big enough I don’t want to go out It’s too cold We use too and enough to express amount, size and degree Too goes before an adjective, and enough goes after an adjective IRREGULAR VERBS Base form Past simple Past participle be was/were been become became become begin began begun break broke broken bring brought brought build built built buy bought bought catch caught caught choose chose chosen come came come cost cost cost cut cut cut did done draw drew drawn drink drank drunk drive drove driven eat ate eaten fall fell fallen feel felt felt fight fought fought find found found fly flew flown forget forgot forgotten freeze froze frozen get got got give gave given go went gone have had had hear heard heard hit hit hit hurt hurt hurt keep kept kept know knew known learn learnt, learned learnt, learned leave left left lend lent lent let let let lose lost lost make made made meet met met pay paid paid put put put read read read ride rode ridden ring rang rung run ran run say said said see saw seen sell sold sold send sent sent shut shut shut sing sang sung sit sat sat sleep slept slept speak spoke spoken spend spent spent stand stood stood steal stole stolen swim swam swum take took taken teach taught taught tell told told think thought thought throw threw thrown wake woke woken wear wore worn win won won write wrote written ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Design by Holdsworth Associates Story page illustrations by Wendy Cantor Story page photography by Stephen Oliver Illustrations by Kathy Baxendale (handwriting), Ken Binderzsatchel Illustrators, Brett Breckon, Wendy Cantor, Suzanne Carpenter, Neil Chapman, Antonia Enthoven/ The Garden Studio, Alison Everitt, Nick Gibbard/ Postermaps, Anthony Godber, Teri Gower, Debbie Hinks, Rian Hughes, Peter Joyce, Frank Langford, Frances Lloyd, Mac McIntosh, Janos Marffy/ Kathy Jakeman Illustration, Stephen May, Colin Mier, Frances Scappaticci/ Maggie Mundy Agency, Martin Shovel, Tim Slade, Caroline Smith/ Route 69, Robert Taylor/ 2D Agency, Martin Ursell, Andrew Wheatcroft/ Virgil Pomfret Agency, David Williams The publishers would like to thank the following for permission to reproduce photographs Allsport (UK) Ltd, Aquarius Picture Library, Art Directors Photo Library, Barnaby’s Picture Library, John Birdsall Photography, The Anthony Blake Photo Library, Cadbury Ltd, Comstock Photo Library, Mary Evans Picture Library, Sally & Richard Greenhill, The Guinness World of Records, Robert Harding Pictrre Library, The Hulton-Deutsch Collection Ltd, The Image Bank, JVC (UK) Ltd, Last Resort Picture Library, Popperfoto, Quadrant Picture Library, Rex Features Ltd, Tony Stone Images, Telegraph Colour Library, Telegraph/ Colorific, Topham Picture Source, Madame Tussaud’s, John Walmsley Photo Library Location and studio photography by Haddon Davies Photography, Rob Judges, Martin Sookias, Garry O’brien, Stephen Oliver Models supplied by A & J Management, Lilliput Child Model Agency, The Jackie Palmer Agency, Ravenscourt Theatre School Ltd with special thanks to Szimba (the cat) The publishers would like to thank the following for their time and assistance H Boswells & Co Ltd (Oxford), Cheney School (Oxford), For Eyes Opthalmic Opticians, Oxford Brookes University/ River Island, St Barnabas’ First School (Oxford), Stanton-King Photographic, Thames Valley Police, Waterline Water Sports Specialists “I still haven’t found what I’m looking for” (Hewson/ Evans/ Clayton/ Mullen) reproduced by kind permission of Blue Mountain Music Ltd, 47 British Grove London W4 2NL Oxford University Press, Great Clarendon Street Oxford OX26DP Oxford New York Athens Auckland Bangkok Bogota Bombay uenos Aires Calcutta Cape Town Dar es Salaam Delhi Florence Hong Kong Istanbul Karachi uala Lumpur Madras Madrid Melbourne Mexico City Nairobi Paris Singapore Taipei Tokyo Toronto and associated companies in Berlin Ibadan OXFORD and OXFORD ENGLISH are trade marks of Oxford University Press ISBN 19 435604 Oxford University Press 1994 First published 1994 Seventh impression 1997 No unauthorized photocopying All rights reserved No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior written permission of Oxford University Press This book is sold subject to the condition that it shall not, by way of trade or otherwise, be lent, re-sold, hired out, or otherwise circulated without the publisher’s prior consent in any form of binding or cover other than that in which it is published and without a similar condition including this condition being imposed on the subsequent purchaser Printed in Spain by Mateu Cromo, S.A Pinto (Madrid) ... name the odd one out in this list: 18 36 27 You choose! Learn this! Use can to express − permission: You can go to the disco but you can’t stay until 2. 00 A.M − ability: I can speak English but... Listen and repeat Becky: Can I go to the disco tonight? Mum: Yes, you can Becky: Can I stay until 2. 00 A.M Mum: No, you can’t Now ask and answer with a partner Go to a party at the weekend Have... simple tense Helen invited Andy to her house last Friday Andy (1 arrive) at seven o’clock They (2 decide) to go to the sports centre Helen (3 want) to play table - tennis Helen and Andy (4 stay)
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