To inf or gerund Review English Grammar with Powerpoint

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page 117, 118 How can we identify which verbs followed by the to-inf and which verbs followed by the gerund ? The answer is… LEARN BY HEART Like, dislike, love, hate are in special cases Verbs followed by both (To-inf and Gerund) With no change of meaning Begin, start, etc With change of meaning Some verbs can be followed by the to-inf or the gerund, with some change in meaning Verb: Remember Remember + gerund This is when you remember something that has happened in the past You have a memory of it now I remember going to the beach when I was a child (= I have a memory of going to the beach) • Remember + to + infinitive This is when you think of something that you need to (And usually, you then the thing) • I remembered to buy milk (= I remember first and then I go to buy milk) Verb: regret • Regret + gerund This is when you looks back something you did in the past and you wish you hadn't done it • She regrets loving you • Regret + to + infinitive • I regret to say that your interview was not successful (= I am sorry to say… ) We use this construction when we are giving someone bad news, in quite a formal way NOTE : With these verbs remember, regret + gerund : something that has happened in the past BE Gerund follow “be” describes an activity, a habbit To-infinitive follow “be” describes a future event • Phương Khanh habbit is singing while she takes a shower because she likes Phương Thanh singer so much to go • Duy aim is to the Harvard University FORGOT (have some opposite points with Remember) I forgot to go to The Remix show ( I forgot and so I didn’t go) I forgot going to the meeting at a.m (I forgot now that I went) TRY • Try + to + infinitive when sth difficult and you don't succeed in doing it. cố gắng I tried to lift the suitcase, but it was too heavy • Try + gerund when you something as an experiment  thử I tried lifting the suitcase again, with my friend STOP + V-ing: Stop what you were doing We stopped talking when our teacher came in + To-inf: We stopped to study ( to-infinitive describe purpose, the reason why we stopped ) We go on to excercise riding Alan can’t stand _ on trains (riding/ to ride) Try (dressing/ to dress) _the larger dress There’s no time to fight with the zipper dressing Justin remember (brusing/ to brush) his teeth He forgot (brusing/Totobrush brush) this morning All she wants is (making/to make) her parents believe in her in someday To make As the famous saying goes, there’s no use over spilt milk (crying / to cry) Jim crying stopped _ his shoelace Wait for him (tying / to tie) To tie [...]... doing We stopped talking when our teacher came in + To- inf: We stopped to study ( to- infinitive describe purpose, the reason why we stopped ) We go on to excercise riding 1 Alan can’t stand _ on trains (riding/ to ride) 2 Try (dressing/ to dress) _the larger dress There’s no time to fight with the zipper dressing 3 Justin remember (brusing/ to brush) his teeth He forgot (brusing/Totobrush... forgot to go to The Remix show ( I forgot and so I didn’t go) I forgot going to the meeting at 8 a.m (I forgot now that I went) TRY • Try + to + infinitive when do sth difficult and you don't succeed in doing it. cố gắng I tried to lift the suitcase, but it was too heavy • Try + gerund when you do something as an experiment  thử I tried lifting the suitcase again, with my friend STOP + V-ing: Stop what... : With these verbs remember, regret + gerund : something that has happened in the past BE Gerund follow “be” describes an activity, a habbit To- infinitive follow “be” describes a future event • Phương Khanh habbit is singing while she takes a shower because she likes Phương Thanh singer so much to go • Duy aim is to the Harvard University FORGOT (have some opposite points with Remember) I forgot to. .. (brusing/ to brush) his teeth He forgot (brusing/Totobrush brush) this morning 4 All she wants is (making /to make) her parents believe in her in someday To make 5 As the famous saying goes, there’s no use over spilt milk (crying / to cry) 6 Jim crying stopped _ his shoelace Wait for him (tying / to tie) To tie ... again, with my friend STOP + V-ing: Stop what you were doing We stopped talking when our teacher came in + To- inf: We stopped to study ( to- infinitive describe purpose, the reason why we stopped... so much to go • Duy aim is to the Harvard University FORGOT (have some opposite points with Remember) I forgot to go to The Remix show ( I forgot and so I didn’t go) I forgot going to the meeting... Verbs followed by both (To- inf and Gerund) With no change of meaning Begin, start, etc With change of meaning Some verbs can be followed by the to- inf or the gerund, with some change in meaning
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