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SỞ GIÁO DỤC & ĐÀO TẠO BÀ RỊA – VŨNG TÀU TRƯỜNG THPT VŨNG TÀU THI THỬ THPT QUỐC GIA NĂM 2016 MÔN: TIẾNG ANH Thời gian làm bài: 90 phút (Không kể thời gian phát đề) Họ tên thí sinh: Số báo danh: SECTION A (8 points) Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer to indicate the correct answer to each of the question from to 10 144372 The first two decades of this century were dominated by the microbe hunters These hunters had tracked down one after another of the microbes responsible for the most dreaded scourges of many centuries: tuberculosis, cholera, diphtheria But there remained some terrible diseases for which no microbe could be incriminated: scurvy, pellagra, rickets, beriberi Then it was discovered that these diseases were Câused by the lack of vitamins, a trace substance in the diet The diseases could be prevented or cured by consuming foods that contained the vitamins And so in the decades of the 1920‟s and 1930‟s, nutrition became a science and the vitamin hunters replaced the microbe hunters In the 1940‟s and 1950‟s, biochemists strived to learn why each of the vitamins was essential for health They discovered that key enzymes in metabolism depend on one or another of the vitamins as coenzymes to perform the chemistry that provides cells with energy for growth and function Now, these enzyme hunters occupied center stage You are aware that the enzymes hunters have been replaced by a new breed of hunters who are tracking genes – the blueprints for each of the enzymes – and are discovering the defective genes that Câuse inherited diseases – diabetes, cystic fibrosis These gene hunters, or genetic engineers, use recombinant DNA technology to identify and clone genes and introduce them into bacterial cells and plants to create factories for the massive production of hormones and vaccines for medicine and for better crops for agriculture Biotechnology has become a multibillion-dollar industry In view of the inexorable progress in science, we can expect that the gene hunters will be replaced in the spotlight When and by whom? Which kind of hunter will dominate the scene in the last decade of our century and in the early decades of the next? I wonder whether the hunters who will occupy the spotlight will be neurobiologists who apply the techniques of the enzyme and gene hunters to the functions of the brain What to call them? The head hunters I will return to them later Câu 1: What is main topic of the passage? A The progress of modern medical research B The microbe hunters C The discovery of enzymes D The potential of genetic engineering Câu 2: The word “incriminated” in the passage is closest in meaning to _ A eliminated B blamed C investigated D produced >> Truy cập trang http://tuyensinh247.com/ để học Toán - lý – Hóa – Sinh – Văn – Anh tốt nhất! Câu 3: Which of the following can be cured by a change in diet? A Pellagra B Cystic fibrosis C Tuberculosis D Cholera Câu 4: The word “strived” in the passage is closest in meaning to _ A studied B tried C failed D experimented Câu 5: How vitamins influence health? A B C D They are necessary for some enzymes to function They are broken down by cells to produce energy They keep food from spoiling They protect the body from microbes Câu 6: In the third paragraph, the author compares cells that have been genetically altered by biotechnicians to _ A gardens B factories C hunters D spotlights Câu 7: The phrase “occupy the spotlight” in the passage is closest in meaning to _ A receive the most attention B lighten the load C conquer territory D go the furthest Câu 8: The author implies that the most important medical research topic of the future will be _ A the structure of genes B inherited diseases C the functions of the brain D the operation of vitamins Câu 9: Which of the following best describes the author‟s tone in the last paragraph of the passage? A Emotional B Critical C Appreciative D Speculative Câu 10: With which of the following statements would be the author be most likely to agree? A B C D Most diseases are Câused by defective genes Medical breakthroughs often depend on luck The focus of medical research will change in the next two decades Medical research throughout the twentieth century has been dominated by microbe hunters Mark the letter A B C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined words(s) in each of the following questions 144383 Câu 11: In the Navajo household, grandparents and other relatives play indispensable roles in raising the children A unessential B exemplary C demanding D dominant Câu 12: Regular use of this cream will help to relieve the rough, dry condition of your skin A evaporate B rise C heighten D abstract >> Truy cập trang http://tuyensinh247.com/ để học Toán - lý – Hóa – Sinh – Văn – Anh tốt nhất! Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer of the questions from 13 to 22 144386 Few men have influenced the development of American English to the extent that Noah Webster did Born in West Hartford, Connecticut, in 1758, his name has become synonymous with American dictionaries Graduated from Yale in 1778, he was admitted to the bar in 1781 and thereafter began to practice law in Hartford Later, when he turned to teaching, he discovered how inadequate the available schoolbooks were for the children of a new and independent nation In response to the need for truly American textbooks, Webster published A Grammatical Institute of the English Language, a three-volume work that consisted of a speller, a grammar, and a reader The first volume, which was generally known as The American Spelling Book, was so popular that eventually it sold more than 80 million copies and provided him with a considerable income for the rest of his life While teaching, Webster began work on the Compendious Dictionary of the English Language, which was published in 1806 In 1807 Noah Webster began his greatest work, An American Dictionary of the English Language In preparing the manuscript, he devoted ten years to the study of English and its relationship to other languages and seven more years to the writing itself Published in two volumes in 1828, An American Dictionary of the English Language has become the recognized authority for usage in the United States Webster‟s purpose in writing it was to demonstrate that the American language was developing distinct meanings, pronunciation, and spellings from those of British English He is responsible for advancing simplified spelling forms: develop instead of the British form develope; theater and center instead of theatre and centre; color and honor instead of colour and honour In 1840 Webster brought out a second edition of his dictionary, which included 70,000 entries instead of the original 38,000 This edition has served as the basis for many revisions that have been produced under the Webster name Câu 13: Which of the following would be the best title for the passage? A Webster‟s Work B Webster‟s Dictionaries C Webster‟s Life D Webster‟s Schoolbooks Câu 14: The word “inadequate” in the passage could be best replaced by _ A unavailable B difficult C expensive D unsatisfactory Câu 15: Why did Webster write A Grammatical Institute of the English Language? A B C D He felt that British books were not appropriate for American children American children at that time did not know how to spell He wanted to supplement his income There were no books available after the Revolutionary War Câu 16: From which publication did Webster earn a lifetime income? A An American Dictionary of the English Language B Compendious Dictionary of the English Language >> Truy cập trang http://tuyensinh247.com/ để học Toán - lý – Hóa – Sinh – Văn – Anh tốt nhất! C The American Spelling Book D An American Dictionary of the English Language: Second Edition Câu 17: In how many volumes was An American Dictionary of the English Language published? A Four volumes B Three volumes C Two volumes D One volumes Câu 18: When was An American Dictionary of the English Language published? A 1828 B 1817 C 1824 D 1807 Câu 19: According to author, what was Webster‟s aim in writing An American Dictionary of the English Language? A B C D To demonstrate the distinct development of the English language in America To influence the pronunciation of English language To respond to the need for new schoolbooks To promote spelling forms based upon British models Câu 20: The word “it” in the passage refers to _ A authority B usage C language D dictionary Câu 21: The word “distinct” in the passage is closest in meaning to _ A exact B new C simple D different Câu 22: According to this passage, which one of the following spellings would Webster have approved in his dictionaries? A develop B honor C theatre D color Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of numbered blanks from 23 to 32 144397 Bonsai trees have always been a source of great fascination to people They are perfect miniatures, grown in pots small enough to sit on a windowsill You have to keep reminding yourself that these trees are (23) _ real and identical to their larger cousins in all respects except their size Rather like other small and perfectly-formed artifacts, bonsai trees, (24) _ quite a high price in the marketplace and so it doesn‟t come as a great surprise to find that they also attract the attention of thieves It seems that quite a flourishing business has (25) _, in which they are stolen from the homes of grower and collectors, then reported and trimmed by unscrupulous dealers, to be sold on, at good prices, to unsuspecting buyers One of Britain‟s top collectors of bonsai trees, Paul Widdington, believes that he has found a solution, however After losing his life‟s work, (26) _ at £250,000, when burglars broke into his home one night, Paul decided to (27) _ the possibilities of electronically tagging the trees he bought as a replacement This (28) _ injecting a microchip the size of a (29) _ of rice intro trunk of each tree Each chip is a laser-etched with information which is (30) _ in a central register held by the police Paul is quite aware that this kind of datatagging doesn‟t prevent thieves from stealing the trees in the first (31) _, although it may >> Truy cập trang http://tuyensinh247.com/ để học Toán - lý – Hóa – Sinh – Văn – Anh tốt nhất! increase the (32) _ of getting them back So he‟s also installing a security alarm system, complete with infra-red detectors, in his home Câu 23: A eventually B greatly C actually D deeply Câu 24: A command B obtain C expect D charge Câu 25: A adapted B erupted C evolved D arrived Câu 26: A prized B valued C cost D treasured Câu 27: A try out B go after C set about D look into Câu 28: A requires B involves C includes D reflects Câu 29: A grain B crumb C bean D speck Câu 30: A locked B detained C piled D stored Câu 31: A point B time C place D turn Câu 32: A choices B counts C claims D chances Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions from 33 to 51 144408 Câu 33: The Federal Reserve System, _ under President Wilson, plays a key role in regulating the U.S economy A the establishment in 1913 B established in 1913 C was established in 1913 D in 1913 they established it Câu 34: Tim looked so frightened and upset He _ something terrible A can have experienced B must experience C must have experienced D should have experienced Câu 35: I studied Spanish four years at high school _, I had trouble with people I met when I was traveling in Spain A On the other hand B Moreover C However D Therefore Câu 36: He _ when the bus came to a sudden stop A was hurting himself B was almost hurt C was hurt himself D was to hurt himself Câu 37: My father doesn‟t allow anyone _ his garden to prevent the fruits from _ A entering – being stolen B to enter – stealing C to enter – being stolen D entering – stealing >> Truy cập trang http://tuyensinh247.com/ để học Toán - lý – Hóa – Sinh – Văn – Anh tốt nhất! Câu 38: If it _ more humid in the desert of the Southwest, the hot temperatures would be unbearable A were B had been C hadn‟t been D is Câu 39: When I saw the work he had done to my house, I had no choice but _ him out of my house A sending B sent C send D to send Câu 40: The company has to _ ways of reducing costs A take in B work out C turn up D get up Câu 41: It was such a shock to receive a letter like that _ A in the red B out of the blue C in the pink D over the moon Câu 42: If the service isn‟t up to standard, I think you have _ right to complain A every B each C much D all Câu 43: Buy the new _ of soap now on sale It is softer than all others A brand B mark C model D manufacture Câu 44: John lost the _ bicycle he bought last week and his parents were very angry with him because of his carelessness A beautiful blue new Japanese B Japanese beautiful new blue C beautiful new blue Japanese D new beautiful blue Japanese Câu 45: Rather than disturb the meeting, I left without saying goodbye A B C D I‟d rather disturb the meeting than leave without saying goodbye I left without disturbing the meeting as I didn‟t want to say goodbye Not to disturb the meeting, I‟d rather not leave without saying goodbye I left without saying goodbye lest I should disturb the meeting Câu 46: Mary: “I still haven‟t heard from Columbia University yet.” Tom: “ _” A B C D Really? I thought they required a 600 on the TOEFL I know it looks grim right now, but don‟t give up That‟s too bad Are you better now? You‟d better start waiting for them Câu 47: Peter: “Susan told me she was really interested in social work.” Daisy: “ _” A She‟s not here She went back to New York B Yes, but when she declared her major, she chose education >> Truy cập trang http://tuyensinh247.com/ để học Toán - lý – Hóa – Sinh – Văn – Anh tốt nhất! C Social work involves giving help to people with financial or family problems D Sounds good Congratulations! Câu 48: _ of great apes, the gibbon is the smallest A The four of types B Four types of the C Four of the types D Of the four types Câu 49: The town has changed _ all recognition since I was last here A beyond B in C without D within Câu 50: The tourists _ on the beach when a big wave swept ashore, carrying everything to the sea A had been sunbathing B sunbathed C were sunbathing D are sunbathing C Platform D Platform Câu 51: Did your train leave from _? A a 8th Platform B the Platform Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions 144428 Câu 52: A ornamental B fortunate C satisfactory D economic Câu 53: A eject B survive C swallow D maintain Câu 54: A opponent B character C habitat D interview Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions 144432 Câu 55: A fascinating B maximum C applicant D contractual Câu 56: A founded B laughed C crooked D attracted Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions 144440 Câu 57: Only after food has been dried or canned that it should be stored for later consumption A for B that it should be stored C has been dried D after Câu 58: The production of different kinds of artificial materials are essential to the conservation of our natural resources A artificial B are essential C to D The production Câu 59: The new model costs twice more than last year‟s model A last year‟s B the C costs D more than Câu 60: The purpose of the United Nations, broad speaking, is to maintain peace and security and to encourage respect for human rights >> Truy cập trang http://tuyensinh247.com/ để học Toán - lý – Hóa – Sinh – Văn – Anh tốt nhất! A is to maintain B to encourage C respect for D broad speaking Câu 61: Although we are concerned about the problem of energy sources, we must not fail recognizing the need for environmental protection A must not B recognizing C for D concerned about Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions from 62 to 64 144446 Câu 62: A two-third majority in Congress is required if a bill is to become law A optional B acquired C desirable D necessary Câu 63: According to the ancient Greeks, the heart is the seat of human intelligence A place B situation C chair D center Câu 64: Reading a good mystery only whets my appetite for more books by the same author A resolves B digests C sharpens D waits SECTION B (2 points) I 144450 Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means the same as the sentence printed before it Write your answer on your answer sheet “No, I can‟t lend you my notes, Mike.”, Jane said => Jane denied If you find it necessary, you can contact me on this number => Should I‟m having the garage fix my car at the moment => I‟m having _ On the day she agreed to marry him, he was happier than he had ever been in his life => The day she agreed I find his clothes the most irritating about him => What _ II 144458 In about 140 words, write a paragraph about cause of traffic jams and some measures to reduce traffic in big cities Write your paragraph on you answer sheet THE END >> Truy cập trang http://tuyensinh247.com/ để học Toán - lý – Hóa – Sinh – Văn – Anh tốt nhất! ĐÁP ÁN ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QUỐC GIA CỦA TRƯỜNG THPT VŨNG TÀU NĂM 2016 SECTION A 144372 Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer to indicate the correct answer to each of the question from to 10 A – toàn đoạn văn nói trình phát triển nghiên cứu khoa học chuyên ngành y B – incriminated = blamed (bị buộc tội, bị quy trách nhiệm) A – dòng thứ 3, đoạn thứ “But there remained some terrible diseases for which no microbe could be incriminated: scurvy, pellagra, rickets, beriberi Then it was discovered that these diseases were caused by the lack of vitamins, a trace substance in the diet.” (nhưng tồn số bệnh kinh khủng mà vi khuẩn gây ra: thiếu vitamin C, chứng nứt da, bệnh còi xương, bệnh tê phù Và người ta phát bệnh gây thiếu vitamin, chất chế độ ăn uống.) B – strive = try (nỗ lực, cố gắng làm gì) A – dòng thứ 9, đoạn thứ “They discovered that key enzymes in metabolism depend on one or another of the vitamins as coenzymes to perform the chemistry that provides cells with energy for growth and function.” (Người ta phát enzyme trình trao đổi chất phụ thuộc vào một vài vitamin khác làm enzyme phu để tạo chất hoá học cung cấp cho tế bào lượng để phát triển hoạt động.) B – dòng thứ 14, đoạn thứ “These gene hunters, or genetic engineers, use recombinant DNA technology to identify and clone genes and introduce them into bacterial cells and plants to create factories for the massive production of hormones and vaccines for medicine and for better crops for agriculture.” (Những thợ săn gene, hay kĩ sư gene, dùng công nghệ ADN tái tổ hợp để xác định mô gene cấy chúng vào tế bào vi khuẩn trồng, để tạo thành „nhà máy‟ cho việc sản xuất hormone vắc xin hàng loạt làm thuốc chữa bệnh cải thiện suất trồng trọt cho nông nghiệp.) A – occupy the spotlight = receive the most attention (nhận nhiều ý nhất) C – dòng thứ 20, đoạn cuối “I wonder whether the hunters who will occupy the spotlight will be neurobiologists who apply the techniques of the enzyme and gene hunters to the functions of the brain.” (Tôi tự hỏi liệu có phải thợ săn nhận nhiều ý nhà thần kinh học, người áp dụng công nghệ enzyme gen lên hoạt động não hay không.) D – đoạn cuối lời tác giả mang tính chất suy đoán 10 C – Đoạn cuối tác giả nói thợ săn gene bị thay để loại thợ săn thống trị thập niên cuối kỉ thập niên kỉ sau 144383 Mark the letter A B C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined words(s) in each of the following questions 11 A – indispensable (rất quan trọng) >< unessential (không quan trọng, không cần thiết) 12 A – relieve (làm dịu, cấp nước) >< evaporate (làm bốc hơi) 144386 Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer of the questions from 13 to 22 13 B – toàn viết nói từ điển Webster đời >> Truy cập trang http://tuyensinh247.com/ để học Toán - lý – Hóa – Sinh – Văn – Anh tốt nhất! He needn‟t have brought the umbrella along because it didn‟t rain – cấu trúc need (not) + have + V3 (lẽ (không) cần) 143655 In about 140 words, write a paragraph about the benefits of listening to music It is common knowledge that music plays a crucial role in our daily life There are many reasons why people listen to music Firstly, music is one of the best ways to help people relax after a hard working day For example, when I feel very tired, I can relax by listening to classical music Secondly, it is music that helps people cheer up Personally it helps me feel better about everything around me and forget all of the troubles around me and enjoy myself Finally music is an integral part in different ceremonies In fact, it is very difficult to imagine a wedding or a funeral without solemn music In conclusion, I think that music is the unique language, which expresses our connection with our culture, and enhances our individual experiences It is true that life is not worth living without a piece of music every day >> Truy cập trang http://tuyensinh247.com/ để học Toán - lý – Hóa – Sinh – Văn – Anh tốt nhất! 13 SỞ GD-ĐT QUẢNG TRỊ TRƯỜNG THPT HẢI LĂNG ĐỀ THI THỬ TRUNG HỌC PHỔ THÔNG QUỐC GIA LẦN – NĂM HỌC 2015-2016 Môn: TIẾNG ANH ( Thời gian làm 90 phút, không kể thời gian giao đề)) ĐỀ CHÍNH THỨC (Đề thi có trang) Mã đề thi: 456 Họ tên thí sinh: ……………………………… Số báo danh: …………… ĐỀ THI GỒM 70 CÂU (TỪ QUESTION ĐẾN QUESTION 70) (ID: 144504)Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differ from the rest in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions Question 1: A decay B settle C appeal D affect Question 2: A interpret B horizon C pagoda D sympathy Question 3: A available B absolutely C certificate D appropriate (ID: 144508 )Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions Question 4: A landed B filled C suited D wicked Question 5: A compete B medal C intend D defend (ID: 144511 )Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions Question 6: Spain won the championship, _ is not surprising A that B which C how D what Question 7: If you want to get a good night’s sleep, you _ any coffee in the evening since it gives insomnia A don’t have to drink B would rather drink C could drink D mustn’t drink Question 8: the low rainfall this year, the crops did not produce a high yield A although B because C despite D because of Question 9: _, I did what I could to make them feel at home A On average B In theory C Naturally D In my opinion Question 10: Zika, a virus known to cause the birth defect microcephaly, first began in Puerto Rico last December A being spreaded B to be spreaded C spreading D spreaded Question 11: If it _ their encouragement, he could have given it up A hadn’t been for B wouldn’t have been for C weren’t for D wouldn’t be for Question 12: The problem was _ we thought at first A much serious than B as serious than C much more serious than D more serious as Question 13: Vietnamese rocker and songwriter Tran Lap, leader of the country’s most famous rock band in the last two decades, died of cancer at the age of 42 last month A no article/ the B no article/ no article C a/ the D the/ no article Question 14: According to legend, coffee beans _ in the town of Kaffa A first discovered B were first discovered C discovered first D have first discovered >> Truy cập trang http://tuyensinh247.com/ để học Toán - lý – Hóa – Sinh – Văn – Anh tốt nhất! Question 15: is determined by the weather A When the season starts B That the start of the season C The season starts D When does the season starts Question 16: Today, women are increasingly involved _ the politics A to B at C in D of Question 17: There is _ in my bed room A a square old wooden table B a square wooden old table C an old square wooden table D a wooden old quare table Question 18: One of the deadliest hijackings took place in 1977, when terrorists identified as the Japanese Red Army _ a Malaysian airlines jet travelling to Kuala Lumpur A showed up B relied on C took over D held on Question 19: The matter of late payment of bills was against at the board meeting A risen B brought C raised D taken Question 20: Thousands of fish have been washing up on Vietnam's central, especially in Ha Tinh province, over the last two weeks A dying B dead C deadly D death Question 21: We still meet up for a drink and a chat once _ A in a black mood B at a time C in a while D in a blue moon Question 22: Hardly the house when he realized that he had forgotten his keys A left B had left C had he left D he had left Question 23: ― How would you like to have this genuine gold watch?’‖ ― ‖ A No thanks I can manage B Yes, please C I’m sorry I’m not wearing a watch D No, thanks They’re not silk Question 24: Peter: ― Is it important?‖ Thomas: ― ‖ A It’s a matter of life and death B Not on your life C No worry, that’s nothing D It’s ridiculous (ID: 144555 )Read the following passage and mark the letter A,B,C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 25 to 34 Historically parents have played a major role in choosing marriage partners for their children, and the custom continues in the world’s developing countries today Parental influence is greatest when the parents have a large stake in whom their child marries Traditionally, marriage has been regarded as an alliance between two families, rather than just between the two individuals Aristocratic families could enhance their wealth or acquire royal titles through a child’s marriage Marriage was also used as a way of sealing peace between former enemies, whether they were kings or feuding villagers The most extreme form of parental influence is an arranged marriage in which the bride and groom have no say at all For instance, in traditional Chinese practice, the bride and groom meet for the first time on their wedding day In some upper-caste Hindu marriages, children are betrothed at a very young age and have no voice in the decision In a less extreme form of arranged marriage, parents may the matchmaking, but the young people can veto the choice Some small cultures scattered around the world have what social scientists call preferential marriage In this system, the bride or groom is supposed to marry a particular kind of person—for example, a cousin on the mother’s or father’s side of the family In many traditional societies, marriage typically involved transfers of property from the parents to their marrying children or from one set of parents to the other These customs persist in some places today and are part of the tradition of arranged marriages For example, in some cultures the bride’s >> Truy cập trang http://tuyensinh247.com/ để học Toán - lý – Hóa – Sinh – Văn – Anh tốt nhất! parents may give property (known as a dowry) to the new couple The practice of giving dowries has been common in countries such as Greece, Egypt, India, and China from ancient times until the present It was also typical in European societies in the past Although the giving of dowries has been part of the norms of marriage in these cultures, often only those people with property could afford to give a dowry to the young couple Families use dowries to attract a son-in-law with desirable qualities, such as a particularly bright man from a poor but respectable family or a man with higher status but with less money than the bride’s family has In societies in which the giving of dowries is customary, families with many daughters can become impoverished by the costs of marriage For this reason, in Europe in earlier times some families sent ―extra‖ daughters to convents In India and China, where it is expected that every woman will marry, families have sometimes tried to limit the number of daughters born to them Question 25 Which of the following could be the most suitable title for the whole passage? A The Bride and the Groom in Early Marriages B Marriages in Ancient China C Arranging marriages by Historical Parents D Marriages in traditional Societies Question 26 According to paragraph 1, marriage is traditionally considered _ A an agreement between two families B a concession of parents to their child C love between the bride and groom D an agreement between the bride and groom Question 27 It can be inferred from the passage that historical parents want their child to get married to one from an aristocratic family because they can _ A achieve higher social status and increase their property B protect their property and retain their social status C exert their greatest influence on whom their child marries D seal peace between former enemies Question 28 The word “ feuding” in paragraph is closet in meaning to A criticizing B negotiating C quarreling D discussing Question 29 According to passage, a preferential marriage is a marriage in which the bride and groom is supposed to marry _ A one that have been betrothed B a particular kind of person C one with a high social status D one with the same social status Question 30 The phrase “have no voice” in paragraph is closest in meaning to _ A cannot speak aloud B have no right to express one’s opinions C have a serious sore-throat D have lost one’s voice Question 31 Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage A Marriage was also used a way of sealing peace between former enemies B In some upper-caste Hindu marriages, children are betrothed at a very young age C In some cultures the bride’s parents may give property to the new couple D Families use dowries to attract a daughter –in- law with desirable qualities Question 32 The word persist in paragraph is closest in meaning to A refuse to stay B continue to exist C fail to exist D go on insisting Question 33 According to the passage, Indian and Chinese families have sometimes tried to limit the number of daughters born to them because they A not want to be impoverished by costs of marriage B not want to send their duaghters to convents C need their sons – in- law to enhance their wealth D think it difficult to find their daughters suitable husbands Question 34 In Britain, the term “which” should usually be understood as A societies B dowries C families D daughters >> Truy cập trang http://tuyensinh247.com/ để học Toán - lý – Hóa – Sinh – Văn – Anh tốt nhất! (ID: 144538 )Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions Question 35: If you are at a loose end this weekend, I will show you around the city A free B confident C occupied D reluctant Question 36: Do you know of any actual cases of this happening? A false B untrue C hypothetical D imitate (ID: 144541 )Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions Question 37: Tired of being a tiny cog in a vast machine, he handed in his resignation A an unimportant person B a large piece of equipment C a small group of people D a significant instrument Question 38: Mary was promoted to manager of the shop as she was the most able and efficient worker for the job A trustworthy B reliable C competent D experienced Question 39: It’s extremely rude not to say ―thank you‖ when you are given something A casual B careless C embarrassing D impolite (ID: 144545 )Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction (from 40 to 44) Question 40: Harvard University (A) was established (B)just after sixteen years (C) the Pilgrims arrived (D) Question 41: Weathy (A) people have always desired and wear (B) precious stones because their beauty ( C )is lasting (D) Question 42: Of the two lectures, the first (A) was by far the best (B) partly because the person who (C) delivered it has such (D) a dynamic style Question 43: The population (A)of Tokyo is (B) greater (C )than of any other town (D)in the world Question 44: Individuals with (A) chronic liver disease is (B) gravely at risk for premature (C )death, strokes as well as (D)hypertension (ID: 144577 )Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks from 45 to 54 Criticism It can (45) _along time to become successful in your chosen field, however talented you are One thing you have to be (46) _ of is that you will face criticism along the way The world is full of people who would rather say something negative than positive If you’ve made up your (47) _ to achieve a certain goal, such as writing a novel, don’t let the negative criticism of others prevent you from reaching your (48) _ and let constructive criticism have a positive (49) _ on your work If someone says you’re totally (50) _ in talent, ignore them That’s negative criticism If, however, someone advises you to revise your work and gives you good reasons for doing so, you should (51) _ their suggestions carefully There are many film stars who were once out of (52) _ There are many famous novelists who made a complete (53) _ of their first novel - or who didn’t, but had to keep on approaching hundreds of publishers before they could get it published Being successful does depend on luck, to a certain extent But things are more likely to (54) _ well if you persevere and stay positive >> Truy cập trang http://tuyensinh247.com/ để học Toán - lý – Hóa – Sinh – Văn – Anh tốt nhất! Question 45: A be B have Question 46: A kept in mind B clever C take D C intelligent D aware Question 47: A mind B thought C decision D idea Question 48: A purpose B objectives C target D destination Question 49: A affect B effect C result D change Question 50: A lacking B short C incapable D interested Question 51: A cautious B consider C reckon D remember Question 52: A career B business C job D work Question 53: A mess B success C effort D money Question 54: A get out B carry out C turn out D bring out (ID: 144600 )Read the following passage and mark the letter A,B,C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 55 to 64 Genetics is the study of hereditary characteristics that are passed down from one generation of living organisms to another Although farmers have used selective breeding to improve the resilience of crops and animals, it wasn't until the mid 1800s that Gregor Mendel started the science of genetics as we know it today Following Mendel's methods, scientists have discovered "chromosomes" and "DNA" With the ability to study DNA, scientists were ableto study the genetic differences between races Modern genetics discovered that all humans are descendants of "Mitochondrial Eve," a woman who lived over 150,000 years ago in Africa Since the first humans were born, over 75,000 generations have passed, and many subtle differences are now evident Humans share at least 99% of their genetic makeup A 1% difference may not seem like much, but when you consider that a chimpanzee shares 98% of human genes, you realize how much a 1% difference makes! Africans are more closely related to Europeans than any other two groups, despite the fact that they differ so much in appearance The biggest genetic differences are found between Africans and the native populations of NorthAmerica (22%) However, it is essential to note that the genetic differences between people of the same race are much greater than the differences between people of different races This means that the argument which claims that genetic differences make one race superior to another is nothing but a tall story The differences in various populations may also be the result of circumstances rather than genetic makeup Factors such as climate, diet, health care, education, and employment as well as other socioeconomic factors are all influential However, there are some traits which are genetic; for example, there is a much higher incidence of sickle-cell anemia among black populations than any other population group Adult African-Americans and Latinos have twice as many cases of diabetes than Caucasians In the U.S., Latinos suffer more deaths from liver disease than other races Europeans suffer more from heart disease and cancer Genes not only affect our susceptibility to disease, they also affect our physical attributes The Dinka people from the Sudan are considered to be the tallest people with men having an average height of 6ft 3in., while women hit the big time with an impressive 5ft 3in This contrasts sharply with the >> Truy cập trang http://tuyensinh247.com/ để học Toán - lý – Hóa – Sinh – Văn – Anh tốt nhất! Pygmy tribes who get the short end of the stick at only about 4ft 11in.tall Genetic differences may help us to tailor health services to people of different races or to detect life threatening diseases early However, they are not significant enough to support the claim that one race is superior toanother In fact, our modern scientific understanding of human genetic diversity flies in the face of almost all our social stereotypes Question 55: What is genetics? A The study of old people B The study of muscles in your body C The study of inherited characteristics D A kind of exercise Question 56: Why famers practise selective breeding? A To make animals and crops more resilient B They only want to grow one crop C They want to increase the number of farmers D To make crops tastier Question 57: What were scientists able to discover using Mendel’s methods? A Chromosomes B.DNA C Genetic difference D Chromosomes and DNA Question 58: What does the word “ they” in paragraph refer to? A Africans B.Europeans C groups D Africans and European Question 59: What does the phrase “ a tall story” mean? A exaggeration B something difficult to believe C something cynical D something untrue Question 60: Where the greatest genetic differences occur? A.Between people of different races B Between Europeans and Africans C Between people the same race D Between Africans and Asians Question 61: What two factors contribute to the differences between races? A Genetics and socioeconomic factors B Genetics and access to health care C Access to health care and socioeconomic factors D Genetic makeup and circumstances Question 62: What does the writer mean with the idiom “ hit the big time”? A take pride B be famous C be successful D strike luck Question 63: Which diseases are Africans – Americans more likely to get? A Diabetes and liver diseases B Sickle-cell anemia and diabetes C cancers and sickle-cell anemia D Cancer and heart disease Question 64: What is the author saying in the last paragraph? A Races differ a lot in their genetic makeup B Genetics differences aren’t significant between races C All races are descendants of the same woman D Genetic makeup affects people’s physical attributes WRITING PART A: (ID: 144531 )Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means the same as the sentence printed before it Question 65: ―Why didn’t you mention the problem before?‖ I asked them  I asked them …………………………………………………………………………… Question 66: I can’t pay attention to the lesson because you are making so much noise  If ……………………………………………….……………………… ………… Question 67: You have too little experience to work as a flight controller  You are not ………………………………………………………………………………………… Question 68: He is the best pianist in the world  No one else ……… …………………………………………………………………… Question 69: Jane only accepted the job because it was an interesting work  Only because …………………………………………………………………… ………………… >> Truy cập trang http://tuyensinh247.com/ để học Toán - lý – Hóa – Sinh – Văn – Anh tốt nhất! PART B: (ID: 144537 )Our sea are seriously polluted, marine life is in danger In about 140 words, write a paragraph about what we should to protect our sea resources The following prompts might be helpful to you: To individual: stop dumping trash on the beach, use fewer plastics products, take part in sea cleanup volunteer campaigns, … To the governments: raise people’s awareness of importance of sea resources, encourage scientists to identify the causes of sea pollution, prohibit factories from discharging industrial waste into the sea, enact laws, … -The end- Ma de: 456 B C 17 C 25 D 33 A 41 B 49 B 57 D D 10 C 18 C 26 A 34 A 42 B 50 A 58 D B 11 A 19 A 27 A 35 C 43 D 51 B 59 B B 12 C 20 B 28 C 36 C 44 B 52 D 60 C A 13 D 21 D 29 B 37 A 45 C 53 A 61 D B 14 B 22 C 30 B 38 C 46 D 54 C 62 A D 15 A 23 C 31 D 39 D 47 A 55 C 63 B D 16 C 24 A 32 B 40 C 48 C 56 A 64 B LỜI GIẢI CHI TIẾT Đáp án: B Trọng âm từ rơi vào âm thứ , từ lại trọng âm rơi vào âm thứ hai Đáp án: D Trọng âm từ rơi vào âm thứ , từ lại trọng âm rơi vào âm thứ hai Đáp án: B Trọng âm từ rơi vào âm thứ , từ lại trọng âm rơi vào âm thứ hai Đáp án: B ―ed‖ từ ―filled‖ đọc /d/, từ lại đọc /id/ Đáp án: A ―e‖ từ ―compete‖ đọc /i:/, từ lại đọc /e/ Đáp án: B Từ cần điền câu thay mệnh đề trước nó-> ―which‖ Dịch: Tây Ban Nha lại giành vô địch, điều không bất ngờ >> Truy cập trang http://tuyensinh247.com/ để học Toán - lý – Hóa – Sinh – Văn – Anh tốt nhất! 7 Đáp án: D Đây câu điều kiện loại : If+ S+ V(các HT), S+ will/shall/ can/must/ may…+ V Dịch: bạn muốn có đêm ngon giấc, bạn… cà phê vào buổi tối gaya chứng ngủ Đáp án: D Dịch: … lương mưa thấp, mùa màng không đạt sản lượng cao.-> because of+N= Đáp án: C On average= trung bình, in theory= theo lý thuyết, naturally= cách tự nhiên, in my oinion= theo ý Dịch: theo cách tự nhiên, làm việc để họ thấy tự nhiên nhà 10 Đáp án: C Begin+ V_ing Dịch: Zika, loại virut biết nguyên nhân gây dị tật đầu nhỏ bẩm sinh, lần lây lan … 11 Đáp án: A Dấu hiệu ―could have give‖ -> vế câu điều kiện loại 3-> If+ S+ had+ PP, S+ would+ have+ PP trường hợp đặc biệt: if it hadn’t been for+N/V_ing: không vì, nhờ có 12 Đáp án: C Cấu trúc so sánh hơn: S1+ tobe+ more+ long adj+ than+ S2 Thêm từ: much, even, far, little,… trước từ so sánh để nhấn mạnh 13 Đáp án: D Nhận thấy sau chỗ trống đầu ―most famous rock band” -> so sánh nhất-> “the” Trước last+month, year, không dùng mạo từ 14 Đáp án: B Dịch ý: hạt cà phê khám phá-> hạt cà phê vật -> V chia dạng bị động khứ đơn việc kết thúc khứ 15 Đáp án: A Từ ―when‖ thay cho mệnh đề sau Dịch: mùa bắt đầu định thời tiết Đáp án B nên ―that+ clause‖ 16 Đáp án: C Involve in= tham gia 17 Đáp án: C Trật tự tính từ ―OpSASCOMP”: opinion- size- age- shape- color-origin- material- purpose 18 Đáp án: C >> Truy cập trang http://tuyensinh247.com/ để học Toán - lý – Hóa – Sinh – Văn – Anh tốt nhất! Take over= giành quyền điều khiển Dịch: Một vụ cướp đẫm máu diễn vào năm 1977, kẻ khủng bố xác định Hồng quân Nhật Bản kiểm sát hãng hàng không bay Malaysia du lịch đến Kuala Lumpur 19 Đáp án: A Rise against= dậy Dịch: vấn đề toán hóa đơn muộn đưa họp ban điều hành 20 Đáp án: B Cụm danh từ: adj+ N-> dead(adj) dying(Ving), death(n), deadly(adv) 21 Đáp án: D Once in a blue moon= Dịch: tình cờ gặp uống cà phê tán gẫu 22 Đáp án: C Đảo ngữ: Hardly+ trợ động từ+ S+ V: khi… 23 Đáp án: C Dịch: bạn có thích đồng hồ vàng thật không-> gợi ý mua hàng-> đáp án D liên quan câu trả lời nhất-> xin lỗi, thói quen đeo đồng hồ 24 Đáp án: C Dịch: quang trọng à? -> trả lời: vấn đề sống Đáp án C phải ―don’t worry…‖ đáp án B dùng từ chối giúp đỡ dù hoàn cảnh sống chết, đáp án D nực cười 25 Đáp án: D Dựa vào từ ―parents have played a major role in choosing marriage partners for their children‖, In many traditional societies, marriage‖… nói việc kết hôn xã hội cũ 26 Đáp án: A Câu đoạn ―Traditionally, marriage has been regarded as an alliance between two families‖ theo truyền thống, hôn nhân xem thông gia hai gia đình 27 Đáp án: A Câu đoạn ―Aristocratic families could enhance their wealth or acquire royal titles through a child’s marriage‖ gia đình quý tộc cố giàu có nhận danh hiệu hoàng gia hôn nhân đứa trẻ 28 Đáp án: C Feuding= hận thù, quarreling= gây gổ, criticizing= trích, negotiating= thương lượng 29 Đáp án: B Dòng 6, đoạn ―preferential marriage In this system, the bride or groom is supposed to marry a particular kind of person‖ hôn nhân ưu đãi cô dâu rể yêu cầu cưới loại người đặc biệt 30 Đáp án: B >> Truy cập trang http://tuyensinh247.com/ để học Toán - lý – Hóa – Sinh – Văn – Anh tốt nhất! Have no voice= tiếng nói, have no right to express one’s opinions= quyền thể ý kiến 31 Đáp án: D Dựa vào câu đoạn ―Families use dowries to attract a son-in-law with desirable qualities‖ gia đình dùng hồi môn để thu hút cậu rể với phẩm chất đáng kỳ vọng 32 Đáp án: B Persist= continue to exist =vẫn tồn tại, 33 Đáp án: A Câu đoạn ―families with many daughters can become impoverished by the costs of marriage‖ gia đình đông gái bị bần hóa giá hôn nhân 34 Đáp án: A Câu đoạn ―In societies in which the giving of dowries is customary‖ vài xã hội, nơi mà việc trao hồi môn truyền thống -> in which = where= in societies 35 Đáp án: C At a loose end= nhàn rỗi, occupied= bận rộn, reluctant= miễn cưỡng, confident= tự tin 36 Đáp án: C Actual= thực tế, hypothetical= mang tính giả thuyết, imitate= giống với 37 Đáp án: A A tiny cog in a vast machine= bánh nhỏ guồng máy lớn ( nghĩa bóng: giữ địa vị nhỏ máy) -> người không quan trọng 38 Đáp án: C Able and efficient= competent= có khả năng, trustworthy= reliable= đáng tin cậy 39 Đáp án: D Rude= impolite=vô lễ, không lịch 40 Đáp án: C Dịch: đại học Harvard thành lập 16 năm sau gia đình Pilgrims đến Từ ―after‖ phải đứng ngày trước mệnh đề ―the Pilgrims arrived‖-> ―sixteen years after‖ 41 Đáp án: B Trước sau ―and‖ từ có dạng : ―wear‖-> ―worn‖ 42 Đáp án: B Khi so sánh người, vật dùng so sánh mà dùng so sánh hơn-> ―the better‖ 43 Đáp án: D >> Truy cập trang http://tuyensinh247.com/ để học Toán - lý – Hóa – Sinh – Văn – Anh tốt nhất! 10 Ở câu cụm ― of any other town‖ mang nghĩa dân số thành phố khác-> thêm từ ―those‖ trước cụm từ để thay cho từ ―the population‖ 44 Đáp án: B A with B: chủ ngữ số nhiều-> ―is‖-> ―are‖ 45 Đáp án: C Take+ time= tốn thời gian 46 Đáp án: D To be aware of= nhận thức 47 Đáp án: A Made up your mind= định 48 Đáp án: C Reach target= đạt mục tiêu Dịch: đừng để bình phẩm tiêu cực ngăn cản bạn đạt mục tiêu 49 Đáp án: B Dịch(tiếp): để lời nhận xét tích cực người khác có … tích cực đến công việc bạn-> effect 50 Đáp án: A Dịch: nói bạn hoàn toàn … tài năng, bỏ mặc họ -> lacking= thiếu 51 Đáp án: B Cautious= cẩn thận, consider = xem xét, reckon= tính vào Dịch: khuyên bạn nên xem lại công việc đưa lý phù hợp cho việc đó, bạn nên… lời gợi ý học cách cẩn thận>consider 52 Đáp án: D Out of work= thất nghiệp 53 Đáp án: A Mess= tình trạng rối ren Dịch: có nhiều tiểu thuyết gia người mà có tình trang rối ren thật với sách đầu tay người không bị, họ phải đến hàng trăm nhà xuất trước sách xuất 54 Đáp án: C Turn out= trở lên, bring sth out= làm rõ, cary out= thực hiện, get out= bị lộ Dịch: thứ trở lên tốt đẹp bạn kiên giữ lạc quan 55 Đáp án: C >> Truy cập trang http://tuyensinh247.com/ để học Toán - lý – Hóa – Sinh – Văn – Anh tốt nhất! 11 Hereditary= di truyền, inherited= thừa hưởng Câu đoạn ―Genetics is the study of hereditary characteristics‖ Di truyền học nghiên cứu đặc điểm di truyền 56 Đáp án: A Câu đoạn ―farmers have used selective breeding to improve the resilience of crops and animals‖ nông dân lựa chọn giống để tăng suất cho trồng cà vật nuôi 57 Đáp án: D Câu đoạn ―Following Mendel's methods, scientists have discovered "chromosomes" and "DNA".‖ Theo phương pháp Men- đen, nhà khoa học khám phá nhiễm sắc thể DNA 58 Đáp án: D Câu đoạn ―Africans are more closely related to Europeans than any other two groups, despite the fact that they differ so much in appearance‖ người châu Phi liên quan gần gũi đến người châu Âu nhóm khác, họ khác nhiều ngoại hình-> they người châu Phi châu Âu 59 Đáp án: B A tall story= chuyện khó tin Câu cuối đoạn ―This means that the argument which claims that genetic differences make one race superior to another is nothing but a tall story.‖ Điều có nghĩa tranh luận tuyên bố đa dạng di truyền làm chủng tộc giỏi chủng tộc khác chẳng có nghĩa lý lại khó mà tin 60 Đáp án: C Câu đoạn ―it is essential to note that the genetic differences between people of the same race are much greater than the differences between people of different races‖ khác biệt di truyền người chủng tộc lớn chủng tộc khác 61 Đáp án: D Câu 2,3 đoạn ―Factors such as climate, diet, health care, education, and employment as well as other socioeconomic factors are all influential However, there are some traits which are genetic‖ nhân tố khí hậu, chế độ ăn uống, chăm sóc sức khỏe,… nhân tố kinh tế xã hội ảnh hưởng Tuy nhiên, có vài đặc điểm di truyền 62 Đáp án: A Hit the big time= trở lên thành công tiếng take pride= trở lên quan trọng strick luck= may mắn bất ngờ 63 Đáp án: B Dòng 3, đoạn ―a much higher incidence of sickle-cell anemia among black populations‖ ―Adult African-Americans and Latinos have twice as many cases of diabetes than Caucasians‖=> sickle-cell anemia and diabetes: bệnh hồng cầu hình liềm bệnh tiểu đường 64 Đáp án: B >> Truy cập trang http://tuyensinh247.com/ để học Toán - lý – Hóa – Sinh – Văn – Anh tốt nhất! 12 fly in the face of something= trái ngược với Dịch câu cuối cùng: nhiên, khác biệt di truyền không đủ quan trọng chủng tộc tốt chủng tộc khác Trên thực tế, hiểu biết khoa học đại đa dạng di truyền trái ngược với định kiến xã hội hầu hết ->B 65 Đáp án: I asked them why they hadn’t mentioned the problem before Câu tường thuật với từ để hỏi lùi so với câu gốc cho trợ động từ đứng sau chủ ngữ cảu cau tường thuật 66 Đáp án: If you were not making so much noise, I could pay attention to the lesson Câu điều kiện loại 2: If + S+ V_ed, S+ would+ PP nói điều trái ngược với 67 Đáp án: You are not experienced enough to work as a flight controller Câu trúc: too…to…= quá… để làm gì; adj/adv+ enough to+ V: đủ để làm 68 Đáp án: No one else in the world (can) play the piano better than him Chuyển từ so sánh nhất: S+ tobe+ the best+ N sang so sánh hơn: S1+ V+ adj_er+ than+ S2 69 Đáp án: Only because it was an interesting work did Jane accept the job Khi ―only‖ đặt đầu câu để nhấn mạnh, trợ động từ lên trước chủ ngữ động từ để dạng nguyên thể WRITING SAMPLE Our sea becomes more and more polluted and marine life is in verge of extinction It’s high time to save our sea resources Everyone should take part in sea cleanup volunteer campaigns instead of dumping trash on the beach Plastics contribute to habitat destruction and kill thousands of marine animals each year To limit our bad impact, carry a reusable water bottle, bring reusable bags when shopping, and recycle whenever possible Besides, when shopping or dining out, we can reduce the demand for overexploited species by choosing seafood that is both healthful and sustainable fishing practices Next, the Government must prohibit factories from discharging industrial waste into the sea, enact laws to ban activities that can damage to endanger animals and establish funds They also can hold specific programs and events organized to raise people’s awareness of importance of sea resources and encourage scientists to identify the causes of sea pollution In conclusion, people should join hand to protect our sea as well as our life >> Truy cập trang http://tuyensinh247.com/ để học Toán - lý – Hóa – Sinh – Văn – Anh tốt nhất! 13 >> Truy cập trang http://tuyensinh247.com/ để học Toán - lý – Hóa – Sinh – Văn – Anh tốt nhất! 14
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