Tài liệu ôn thi THPT quốc gia môn tiếng anh 2016 cực hay (Phần 9 - các loại mệnh đề trong tiếng anh)

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1 Moon.vn Cô VŨ MAI PHƯƠNG – KHÓA NGỮ PHÁP RELATIVE CLAUSE ( Mệnh đề quan hệ) - PHẦN I Tóm tắt giảng A loại mệnh đề:  Mệnh đề danh từ Ví dụ: I don't understand what the teacher said That I dislike him is clear What she like is clear Whether she loves me or not is unknown  Mệnh đề quan hệ hay mệnh đề tính từ Mệnh đề quan hệ hay gọi mệnh đề tính ngữ bổ nghĩa cho danh từ đứng sau danh từ mà bổ nghĩa cho Ví dụ: The man who lent me this book is my father's friend She is talking to the man who lent me this book  Mệnh đề trạng ngữ (Adverbial clauses) Ví dụ: I won't leave until he answers my question I will call him once I have finished my job B Mệnh đề quan hệ  Đại từ quan hệ người: who - thay cho chủ ngữ, whom - thay cho tân ngữ, whose + N - thay cho sở hữu cách The girl who loves me is a teacher The girl whom I love is a teacher The girl whose sister loves me is a teacher The girl whose sister I love is a teacher That is the girl who loves me  Đại từ quan hệ vật: which - thay cho chủ ngữ tân ngữ, whose / of which – thay cho sở hữu cách The language which we are learning is the most popular in the world (which tân ngữ) We are learning the language which is the most popular in the world (which chủ ngữ) Ví dụ: The house is now in bad condition Its roof was blown off by the hurricane is now in bad condition > The house whose roof / the roof of which was blown off by the hurricane is now in bad condition  That: dùng cho người vật, thay cho chủ ngữ tân ngữ Mệnh đề quan hệ giới hạn: (Restrictive relative clause) Mệnh đề quan hệ không giới hạn: (Non-restrictive relative clause)  Mệnh đề quan hệ giới hạn: The man who / that invented the steam engine was a Scottish scientist  Mệnh đề quan hệ không giới hạn: James Watt, who invented the steam engine, was a Scottish scientist > không thay “who” “that” Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 Moon.vn Cô VŨ MAI PHƯƠNG – KHÓA NGỮ PHÁP  That không thay cho sở hữu cách: whose, of which  The man whom / that we are talking about is my teacher The man about whom we are talking is my teacher  Cách dùng trang trọng (Khi đưa giới từ lên trước đại từ quan hệ không dùng “that” được.)  Dùng mệnh đề quan hệ không giới hạn trường hợp sau: - Danh từ riêng (Proper noun) - Tính từ sở hữu + Danh từ (Ví dụ: my teacher, my little ) - Tính từ định: that table II Bài nhà Combine the following pairs of sentences Some people live in HongKong They earn a lot of money Well, They said they want a pay rise It is unreasonable We often go to visit our friends in Shekou It is quite near ferry Who was that lady? I saw you with last night Where those guys come from? You borrowed their car Our boss had a heart attack last week He hasn’t been back to work since That's the man I got the bag from him yesterday Economics is a subject I am very interested in it This is Joanne I gave my notes to her 10 The friend spoke French Jim was travelling with him 11 The ladder began to slip Tom was standing on it 12 This is the city I was born in this city 13 Paul is fitter than you I play tennis with him on weekends 14 The woman said the machine was very good Jim bought the machine from her 15 The chair is in bad shape You are sitting on it 16 She worked for a man The man used to be an athlete 17 They called a lawyer The lawyer lived nearby 18 I sent an email to my brother My brother lives in Australia 19 The customer liked the waitress The waitress was very friendly 20 We broke the computer The computer belonged to my father 21 I dropped a glass The glass was new 22 She loves books The books have happy endings 23 They live in a city The city is in the north of England 24 The man is in the garden The man is wearing a blue jumper 25 The girl works in a bank The girl is from India 26 My sister has three children My sister lives in Australia 27 The waiter was rude The waiter was wearing a blue shirt 28 The money is in the kitchen The money belongs to John 29 The table got broken The table was my grandmother’s 30 The television was stolen The television was bought 20 years ago 31 The fruit is on the table The fruit isn’t fresh 32 We ate the fruit I bought the fruit 33 She bought the computer Her brother had recommended the computer 34 He lost the money I had given him the money 35 We called the taxi company Julie often uses the taxi company Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 Moon.vn Cô VŨ MAI PHƯƠNG – KHÓA NGỮ PHÁP 36 John met a girl I used to employ the girl 37 Lucy called the doctor My mother knows the doctor 38 He brought a woman I used to often meet the woman 39 We employed the lawyer Julie recommended the lawyer 40 The fruit is on the table I bought the fruit 41 The wallet belongs to John Lucy found the wallet in the garden 42 The food was delicious David cooked the food 43 The car was stolen My father gave me the car 44 The man was arrested I reported the man to the police 45 The doctor was right Lucy asked the doctor about her problem 46 The waitress was very pretty My brother dated the waitress 47 The secretary is in the office The boss likes the secretary KEY Some people who live in HongKong earn a lot of money Well, They said they want a pay rise, which is unreasonable We often go to visit our friends in Shekou, where is quite near ferry Who was that lady, with whom I saw you last night? or Who was that lady, who I saw you with last night? Where those guys, whose car you borrowed , come from? Our boss , who had a heart attack last week , hasn’t been back to work since That's the man from whom I got the bag yesterday Economics is a subject in which I am very interested This is Joanne, to whom I gave my notes 10 The friend with whom Jim was travelling spoke French 11 The ladder on which Tom was standing began to slip 12 This is the city in which I was born 13 Paul, which whom I play tennis on weekends , is fitter than you 14 The woman from whom Jim bought the machine said the machine was very good 15 The chair on which you are sitting is in bad shape 16 She worked for a man who / that used to be an athlete 17 They called a lawyer who / that lived nearby 18 I sent an email to my brother who / that lives in Australia 19 The customer liked the waitress who / that was very friendly 20 We broke the computer which / that belonged to my father 21 I dropped a glass which / that was new 22 She loves books which / that have happy endings 23 They live in a city which / that is in the north of England 24 The man who / that is wearing a blue jumper is in the garden 25 The girl who / that is from India works in a bank 26 My sister who / that lives in Australia has three children 27 The waiter who / that was wearing a blue shirt was rude 28 The money which / that belongs to John is in the kitchen 29 The table which / that was my grandmother’s got broken 30 The television which / that was bought 20 years ago was stolen Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 Moon.vn Cô VŨ MAI PHƯƠNG – KHÓA NGỮ PHÁP 31 The fruit which / that isn’t fresh is on the table 32 We ate the fruit (which / that) I bought 33 She bought the computer(which / that) her brother had recommended 34 He lost the money (which / that) I had given him 35 We called the taxi company (which / that) Julie often uses 36 John met a girl (who / that) I used to employ 37 Lucy called the doctor (who / that) my mother knows 38 He brought a woman (who / that) I used to often meet 39 We employed the lawyer (who / that) Julie recommended 40 The fruit (which / that) I bought is on the table 41 The wallet (which / that) Lucy found in the garden belongs to John 42 The food (which / that) David cooked was delicious 43 The car (which / that) my father gave me was stolen 44 The man (who / that) I reported to the police was arrested 45 The doctor (who / that) Lucy asked about her problem was right 46 The waitress (who / that) my brother dated was very pretty 47 The secretary (who / that) the boss likes is in the office Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 Moon.vn Cô VŨ MAI PHƯƠNG – KHÓA NGỮ PHÁP MỆNH ĐỀ QUAN HỆ - PHẦN I Tóm tắt giảng * So sánh WHAT với WHICH / THAT What dùng mệnh đề danh từ (Noun Clause) What = the thing(s) that Thank you for what ( = the things that) you have done I can lend you $5 It's all that I have I don't understand what you mean They give their children everything that they want What surprised everybody was John's exam result * Các trường hợp dùng “that”  Để thay cho cụm danh từ bao gồm người vật He told me about the places and people that he had seen in London  Dùng với so sánh nhất, với “the first”, “the last” This is the most interesting film (that) I have ever seen She was the first / the last person that broke the silence Lưu ý: Khi đại từ quan hệ thay cho tân ngữ bỏ Ví dụ: The girl I met yesterday was beautiful (The girl whom / that I met yesterday was beautiful.)  Dùng với “all”, “only”, đại từ bất định: anything, everything, nothing All that I can for you is to leave you alone * Mệnh đề nối tiếp: đứng sau dấu phẩy, thay cho mệnh đề phía trước trước (không phải thay cho danh từ đứng trước nó) He always tells lie, which makes her sad (Không dùng “that” sau dấu “,”) = That he always tells lies makes her sad (Trường hợp không dùng “which”) S+ V+O, V-ing: Dạng giảm lược mệnh đề quan hệ chủ động Ví dụ: He always tells lie, making her sad * All of/ most of/none of/neither of/any of/either of/ some of/many of/ much of/ (a) few of/ both of/ half of/ each of/ one of/ two of …etc + whom/ which - I tried on three pairs of shoes None of the shoes fitted me  I try on three pairs of shoes, none of which fitted me - Mary has three brothers All of them are married  Mary has three brothers, all of whom are married - They asked me a lot of questions I couldn’t answer most of them  They asked me a lot of questions, most of which I couldn’t answer - Tom tried on three jackets, none of which fitted him - Two men, neither of whom I had ever seen before, came into my office - They have got three cars They rarely use two of them  They have got three cars, two of which they rarely use - She has got a lot of friends, many of whom she was at school with Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 Moon.vn Cô VŨ MAI PHƯƠNG – KHÓA NGỮ PHÁP Lưu ý: - Vị trí mệnh đề quan hệ: đứng vào câu, đứng cuối câu - I own a bar in the Old Quater which opens day and night (Tôi sở hữu quán bar phố cổ mà mở cửa ngày đêm.) =>which bổ nghĩa cho “a bar”, bổ nghĩa cho “the Old Quater”  Một số câu hỏi áp dụng (Chữa video) 1) The book I bought at the bookstore yesterday is expensive A who B whose C that D B & C are correct 2) What’s the name of the blonde girl just came in? A who B whose C whom D A & B are correct 3) I don’t like people lose their tempers easily A who B whose C that D A & C are correct 4) Mexico City, has a population of over 10 million, is probably the fastest growing city in the world A which B whose C that D A & B are correct 5) This is Henry, sister works for my father A who B whose C that D All are correct 6) He’s the man people like at first sight A who B whom C that D All are correct 7) Could you iron the trousers are hanging up behind the door? A who B which C that D B & C are correct 8) Where is the girl sells tickets? A who B whose C whom D A & C are correct 9) The man we consider our leader had much experience in climbing mountains A who B whose C whom D A & C are correct 10) The artist name I couldn’t remember was one of the best I had ever seen A who B whose C that D A & C are correct II Bài nhà Exercise Use the information in the first sentence to complete the second sentence Use all of / most of etc or the … of + whom / which All of Mary's brothers are married Mary has three brothers, ……………………………………………………………………………… Most of the information we were given was useless We were given a lot of information, …………………………………………………………………… Jane has received neither of the letters I sent her I sent Jane two letters, …………………………………………………………………………………… None of the ten people who applied for the job was suitable Ten people applied for the job, ………………………………………………………………………… Kate hardly ever uses one of her computers Kate has got two computers, …………………………………………………………………………… Mike gave half of the £50,000 he won to his parents Mike won £50,000, ……………………………………………………………………………………… Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 Moon.vn Cô VŨ MAI PHƯƠNG – KHÓA NGỮ PHÁP Both of Julia's sisters are teachers Julia has two sisters, …………………………………………………………………………………… I went to a party - I knew only a few of the people there There were a lot of people at the party, ………………………………………………………………… The sides of the road we drove along were lined with trees We drove along the road, the …………………………………………………………………………… 10 The aim of the company's new business plan is to save money The company has a new business plan, ………………………………………………………………… Exercise Make one sentence from two Use the sentence in brackets to make a relative clause You will need to use who(m)/whose/which/where Catherine is very friendly (She lives next door.) We stayed at the Park Hotel (A friend of ours had recommended it.) We often go to visit our friends in Bristol (It is not very far away.) I went to see the doctor (He told me to rest for a few days.) John is one of my closest friends (I have known him for a very long time.) Sheila is away from home a lot (Her job involves a lot of travelling.) The new stadium will be opened next month (It can hold 90,000 people.) Glasgow is the largest city in Scotland (My brother lives there.) A friend of mine helped me to get a job (His father is the manager of a company.) 10 I've got a brother called Rob He lives in Australia He's a doctor My brother Rob ……………………………………………………………………………… 11 There was a strike at the car factory It began ten days ago It is now over The strike at the car factory ………………………………………………………………… 12 I was looking for a book this morning I've found it now I've found 13 London was once the largest city in the world, but the population is now falling The population of London 14 A job was advertised A lot of people applied for it Few of them had the necessary qualitications Few of …………….…………… 15 Amy has a son She showed me a photograph of him He's a policeman Amy showed me ……………………………………………………………………………… Exercise Điền đại từ quan hệ thích hợp vào chỗ trống There are few books …… you can read in this book store He asked about the factories and workers ……… he had visited The man………spoke is my father The car …… he bought last Thursday was very cheap Tom …….is my brother won the match This is the best novel ……… I have ever read The first sight ………was caught at the Great Wall has made a lasting impression on him The waiter …… we gave the tip was very pleased That's the man ……… house was destroyed by a tornado 10 It is the only book …… he bought himself 11 You can take any room ……… you like 12 There is no clothes …… fit you here Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 Moon.vn Cô VŨ MAI PHƯƠNG – KHÓA NGỮ PHÁP 13 Which of the books …… had pictures was worth reading? 14 The man over there …….face is dirty saved the child 15 The chair on …… I was sitting broke down 16 It is in this room ……… he was born twenty years ago 17 The pupils …… he was speaking to were very noisy 18 ……… are you speaking to? 19 The crowd ……… was very angry began to shout KEY Exercise 1 all of whom are married most of which was useless neither of which she has received none of whom was suitable one of which she hardly ever uses half of which he gave to his parents both of whom are teachers only a few of whom I knew (the) sides of which were lined with trees 10 the aim of which is to save money Exercise Catherine, who lives next door, is very friendly We stayed at the Park Hotel, which a friend of ours had recommended We often go to visit our friends in Bristol, which is not very far away I went to see the doctor, who told me to rest for a few days John, whom I have known him for a very long time, is one of my closest friends Sheila, whose job involves a lot of travelling, is away from home a lot The new stadium, which can hold 90,000 people, will be opened next month Glasgow, where my brother lives, is the largest city in Scotland A friend of mine, whose father is the manager of a company, helped me to get a job 10 My brother Rob, who lives in Australia, is a doctor 11 The strike at the car factory, which began ten days ago, is now over 12 I've found the book (that / which) I was looking for this morning 13 The population of London, which was once the largest city in the world, is now falling 14 Few of the people who / that applied for the job had the necessary qualitications 15 Amy showed me a photograph of her son, who is a policeman Exercise that that 13 that 19 which that whom 14 whose who whose 15 which which 10 that 16 that Moon.vn who 11 that 17 whom that 12 that 18 who Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 Moon.vn Cô VŨ MAI PHƯƠNG – KHÓA NGỮ PHÁP RELATIVE CLAUSE - PHẦN When / where / why = pre + which I Tóm tắt giảng Where: trạng từ quan hệ nơi trốn, thay cho a, on, in + which; there) Eg: This is the house We often stay in the house in the summer This is the house where we used to live = This is the house in which we used to live = This is the house which we used to live in I'm calling from the bar The bar is very noisy The bar which I'm calling from is very noisy = The bar from which I'm calling is very noisy = The bar where I'm calling is very noisy When: trạng từ quan hệ thời gian, đứng sau tiền ngữ thời gian, dùng thay cho at, on, in + which Eg: May Day is the day when people hold a meeting (= on which) The days on which / when I lived far from home were the saddest ones I’ll never forget the day when I met her (=on which) Why: trạng từ quan hệ lí do, đứng sau tiền ngữ “the reason”, dùng thay cho “for the reason” why = the reason why / the cause why Eg: Please tell me the reason why you are so sad The reason why I came late this morning was that my alarm clock didn't go of He told me the reason why he had been absent from class the day before EXERCISES ON RELATIVE CLAUSES (Bài tập chữa video) Combine each pair of sentences using a relative pronoun or relative adverb She is the most intelligent woman I’ve ever met this woman This doctor is famous You visited him yesterday These children are orphans She is taking care of these children The two young men are not good persons You are acquainted with them My father goes swimming everyday You met him this morning The man is my father I respect this man most The man is my father I respect his opinion most Mary and Margaret are twins You met them yesterday I’ll introduce you to the man His support is necessary for your project 10 The middle-aged man is the director My father is talking to him 11 The boy is my cousin You make fun of him 12 The student is from china He sits next to me 13 I thanked the woman This woman had helped me 14 The professor is excellent I am taking his course 15 Mr Smith said he was too busy to speak to me I had come to see him 16 I saw a lot of people and horses They went to market 17 Tom has three sisters All of them are married Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 Moon.vn Cô VŨ MAI PHƢƠNG – KHÓA NGỮ PHÁP a like b as 13 John and Paul are so _ that people are always confusing them a alike b unlike c like d dislike 14 Vegetarians _ meat a like b unlike c alike d dislike 15 Abu Dhabi Emirate, Dubai does not possess large oil reserves a like b unlike c alike d dislike 16 My _ of seafood started last year when I became very ill after eating prawns a like b unlike c alike d dislike 17 It is wonderful to meet -minded people a like b unlike c alike d dislike 18 I treat my friends well and expect to be treated by them in a _ manner a like b unlike c alike d dislike KEY EXERCISE 1 Although the car isn't very nice, it serves its purpose Although Betty isn't very tall, she can run very fast Although he doesn't have much money, he (still) wants to buy a car Although there wasn't much food at the party, everybody had a good time Although he is a, hard worker, he, can never save enough to buy a car EXERCISE a) He didn't tell me why he'd been late, but I knew it though, b) He didn't tell me why he'd been late, but I knew it nevertheless Even though it's rather cold, I think I'll go for a walk, Even though she was unattractive, she still had many friends Unattractive though/as she was, she stilt had many friends a) They'd lived in London for years- Nevertheless they always spoke German, b) They'd lived in London for years All the same they always spoke German EXERCISE However hard I tried couldn't find the book you lent me Whatever strong points she may have, intelligence isn't one of them, However much he may love/loves Joan, he isn't going to marry her However many new dresses she buys every month, she always dresses shabbily However nice our new house is, we'll still miss our old flat EXERCISE No matter how much money he makes, he can't save anything Whatever she said, no one paid any attention No matter how hard she tried, she couldn't lift the suitcase No matter how much he loves Joan, he isn't going to marry her Although you may earn a lot, you shouldn't waste money EXERCISE Attractive as/though Betty is, she can't find herself a boyfriend Incredible as/though it seems, my grand - mother is getting married again Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 Moon.vn Cô VŨ MAI PHƢƠNG – KHÓA NGỮ PHÁP Much as I love travelling, I can't afford to go to Japan Rich as/though he may be, I wouldn't like to be in his shoes Nice as she may be, I don't like her EXERCISE a) He wants to buy a car despite the fact (that) he doesn't have much money, b) He wants to buy a car despite (his) having little money, c) He wants to buy a car despite not having much money In spite of the rain we alt enjoyed the walk a) In spite of all those people around, we managed to talk seriously, b) In spite of the number of people around, we managed to talk seriously, [c) In spite of there being so many people around, we managed to talk seriously.] [d) In spite of the fact that there were so many people around, we managed to talk seriously.] a) Despite the (heavy) weight of the bag, she managed to carry it herself, b) Despite the fact that the bag was very heavy, she managed to carry it herself He went to the party in spite of his mother's refusal to1et him go EXERCISE a) For all your promises, I don't believe a word b) For all you promise, I don't believe a word For all his hard work, he hasn't been promoted fur five years, For all you may say about Mary, I will not change my opinion about her For all you may/might say about her husband, I not like him In spite of all the help of their friends, [hey were unable to cope with all the problems EXERCISE I couldn't love Betty less, even if she has had/had/had had another boyfriend a) Even if it's cold, we shall still go for a walk b) Even if it should be cold, we shall still go for a walk a) Even if they give me a big salary, I'm not going to accept their offer, b) Even if they should give me a big salary, I'm not going to accept their offer, c) Even if they were to give me a big salary, I'm not going to accept their offer Even though she is beautiful and intelligent, I'm not going to marry her a) I'm not going to marry liar, even if she is beautiful and intelligent, b) I'm not going to marry her, even if she (should) be beautiful and intelligent, c) I'm not going to marry her, although she is beautiful and intelligent, d) I'm not going to marry her, however beautiful and intelligent she is/might be e) I'm not going to marry her despite/in spite of the fact that she is beautiful and intelligent f) I'm not going to marry her despite/in spite of her being beautiful and intelligent EXERCISE Even though we were tired, we went to the museum Even though it rained/was raining, the competition took place as planned a) He went bankrupt, in spite of his hard work/working hard b) He went bankrupt, in spite of the fact that he'd worked hard a) I have to tell you that you are wrong, even though I hate to (do it/say so) b) I have to tell you that you are wrong, although I hate to (do it) c) I have to tell you that you are wrong, in spite of/despite the fact that I hate to (do it/say so) d) I have to tell you that you are wrong, in spite of/despite hating to (do it/say so.) Although she had a loving family, she wasn't happy EXERCISE 10 Although she knew how to cook, she said she didn’t Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 Moon.vn Cô VŨ MAI PHƢƠNG – KHÓA NGỮ PHÁP Despite arriving two hours late, Suzy didn’t apologise Although Alan doesn't need any money, he still works In spite of having money, my uncle didn't buy the kids ice-creams Though Sam had an accident due to alcohol, he didn't give up his habit Although Ana needed help,she didn't ask for any Despite failing all her exams,Gloria has no intention to study Although it was am,the girls went on chattering Although Abdel had fallen off his bike twice,he won the race 10 Despite being blind,Mehmet finished university in the first place EXERCISE 11 as like as if as if such as as if as if like such as 10 as if 11 As 12 as 13 alike 14 dislike 15 unlike 16 dislike 17 like 18 like Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 [...]... have two thirty- minute breaks 7) That is a three- wheel car 8) The one-leg man looks at me angrily 9) The two- head snake is not found 10) Mikoon is a six-head monster Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32 .99 .98 .98 6 Moon.vn Cô VŨ MAI PHƢƠNG – KHÓA NGỮ PHÁP LIÊN TỪ VÀ CÁC DẠNG MỆNH ĐỀ - PHẦN 1 I Tóm tắt bài giảng 1 Liên từ kết hợp (coordinating conjunctions ) * Dùng loại liên từ này để nối những các từ loại hoặc... thì có thể không cần ghi ra Ví dụ: Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32 .99 .98 .98 1 Moon.vn Cô VŨ MAI PHƯƠNG – KHÓA NGỮ PHÁP - Studying abroad is the wonderful thing that we must think about - Studying abroad is the wonderful (for us) to think about 4) Dùng cụm danh từ - noun phrase ( đồng chủ ngữ ) Dùng khi mệnh đề tính từ có dạng: Who / which + BE + DANH TỪ / TÍNH TỪ / CỤM DANH TỪ / CỤM TRẠNG NGỮ Cách làm: bỏ who... Hotline: 04.32 .99 .98 .98 6 Moon.vn Cô VŨ MAI PHƯƠNG – KHÓA NGỮ PHÁP GIẢM MỆNH ĐỀ QUAN HỆ - REDUCED RELATIVE CLAUSE (V - ing / PII / to V / noun phrase) I Tóm tắt bài giảng 1) Dùng cụm Ving: Dùng cho các mệnh đề chủ động - The man who is standing there is my brother  The man standing there is my brother - The girl who bought this cat is beautiful  The girl buying this cat is beautiful - The students... the new dam 9 The photographs published in the newspaper were extraordinary 10 He was the first man to leave the burning building Bài 4 1) I've just bought a five- storey house 2) Have you ever seen a six-leg cow? 3) The ten- yea-old girl is my sister Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32 .99 .98 .98 5 Moon.vn Cô VŨ MAI PHƯƠNG – KHÓA NGỮ PHÁP 4) Give me the ten- dollar note 5) Vietnamese students have a three- month summer... từ thì không giảm mệnh đề quan hệ được, chỉ có thể lược bỏ đại từ quan hệ Ví dụ: The man whom I am talking about is handsome  không giảm mệnh đề quan hệ được, chỉ có thể lược bỏ đại từ quan hệ “whom”: The man I am talking about is handsome 2) Dùng cụm P.P: Dùng cho các mệnh đề bị động I like books which were written by NguyenDu I like books written by NguyenDu 3) Dùng cụm to inf Dùng khi danh từ đứng... the prize that / which Alex won in 2005  It was in 2005 that Alex won the prize (Không dùng: It was in 2005 when Alex won the prize ) II Bài về nhà Bài 1 Rút gọn các mệnh đề tính từ trong các câu sau đây 1) We had a river in which we could swim 2) Here are some accounts that you must check Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32 .99 .98 .98 3 Moon.vn Cô VŨ MAI PHƯƠNG – KHÓA NGỮ PHÁP 3) The last student that was interviewed... trước có các chữ sau đây bổ nghĩa : - ONLY,LAST, số thứ tự như: FIRST,SECOND This is the only student who can do the problem This is the only student to do the problem - Động từ là HAVE/HAD I have many homework that I must do I have many homework to do - Đầu câu có HERE (BE),THERE (BE) There are six letters which have to be written today There are six letters to be written today GHI NHỚ : Trong phần... (hoặc hoặc ), neither nor (không….cũng không…), whether or (dù … .hay ., hoặc… hoặc….) , as as, no sooner… than…(vừa mới….thì…), hardly when * Ví dụ: Both my brother and my friend like English She is both beautiful and intelligent They learn both English and French Either I or he is wrong (Hoặc tôi hoặc anh ta sai.) Neither I or he is wrong (Tôi và anh ta đều không sai.) He drinks neither wine... + PII than / when + clause No sooner had I put the phone down than he rang back (Tôi vừa đặt điện thoại xuống thì anh ta gọi lại.) Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32 .99 .98 .98 1 Moon.vn Cô VŨ MAI PHƢƠNG – KHÓA NGỮ PHÁP 3 Bài tập vận dụng (Chữa trong video): 1 I saw him leaving an hour two ago (or) 2 This is an expensive very useful book (but) 3 Walk quickly you will be punished (or) 4 Would you like coffee tea... looking at it 6 Where can I catch the bus? - It goes downtown 7 I have a class It begins at 8 a.m 8 Mr Marks, whose farm the stream flows across, is unhappy about the plans for the new dam 9 The photographs which were published in the newspaper were extraordinary 10 He was the first man who left the burning building Bài 4 Rút gọn các mệnh đề quan hệ sau bằng cách sử dụng tính từ ghép 1) I've just bought ... When / As / While  Cách dùng when When + Mệnh đề khứ, Mệnh đề khứ When + Mệnh đề khứ, Mệnh đề khứ tiếp diễn When + Mệnh đề khứ, Mệnh đề khứ hoàn thành When + Mệnh đề tại, Mệnh đề tương lai When... CLAUSE - MỆNH ĐỀ TRẠNG NGỮ I Tóm tắt giảng PHÂN LOẠI MỆNH ĐỀ TRẠNG NGỮ  Mệnh đề trạng ngữ tiếng anh gồm có:  Mệnh đề trạng ngữ thời gian-Adverbial clause of time  Mệnh đề trạng ngữ mục đích-Adverbial... not is unknown  Mệnh đề quan hệ hay mệnh đề tính từ Mệnh đề quan hệ hay gọi mệnh đề tính ngữ bổ nghĩa cho danh từ đứng sau danh từ mà bổ nghĩa cho Ví dụ: The man who lent me this book is my father's
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