Tài liệu ôn thi THPT Quốc gia môn Tiếng Anh 2016 cực hay (Phần 8 - Câu trực tiếp, câu gián tiếp trong Tiếng Anh)

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1 Moon.vn Cụ V MAI PHNG KHểA NG PHP Cõu trc tip, giỏn tip (P1) I Definition: Li núi trc tip: l s lp li chớnh xỏc nhng t ca ngi núi c t du ngoc kộp v sau ng t chớnh cú du phy(,) hoc du hai chm(:) ụi mnh chớnh cng cú th t sau li núi trc tip She said: I have never been to Paris Li núi giỏn tip (indirect/reported speech) l li tng thut li ý ca ngi núi, ụi khụng cn phi dựng ỳng nhng t ca ngi núi She said that she had never been to Paris He said to me: I like your hair He said that he liked my hair He said to her I like your hair He told her that he liked her hair II Quy tc chuyn trc tip sang giỏn tip Mun chuyn li núi trc tip sang giỏn tip, ta cn lu ý nhng im sau: Thay i S (i t nhõn xng lm ch ng) , O (tõn ng) , Possessive Adjectives (tớnh t s hu) cho phự hp Thay i ng t: Thỡ ca cỏc ng t li núi giỏn tip thay i theo mt nguyờn tc chung l lựi v quỏ kh (cỏc thỡ xung cp) Modal Direct speech Repored speech can "I can it." He said he could it may "May I go out?" He wanted to know if he might go out must "She must apply for the job." He said that she must/had to apply for the job will "They will call you." He tod her that they would call her Direct Speech Reported Speech Simple Present He said: "I am happy" Simple Past He said that he was happy Present Progressive Past Progressive Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 Moon.vn Cụ V MAI PHNG KHểA NG PHP He said: "I'm looking for my keys" He said that he was looking for his keys Simple Past He said: "I visited New York last year" Past Perfect Simple He said that he had visited New York the previous year Present Perfect He said: " I've lived here for a long time " Past Perfect He said that he had lived there for a long time Past Perfect He said: "They had finished the work when I arrived" Past Perfect He said that they had finished the work when he had arrived" Past Progressive He said: "I was playing football when the accident occurred" Past Perfect Progressive He said that he had been playing football when the accident had occurred Present Perfect Progressive He said:"I have been playing football for two hours." Past Perfect Progressive He said that he had been playing football for two hours Past Perfect Progressive He said: "I had been reading a newspaper when the light went off" Past Perfect Progressive He said that he had been reading a newspaper when the light had gone off Future Simple (will+verb) He said: "I will open the door." Conditional (would+verb) He said that he would open the door Conditional (would+verb) He said: "I would buy Mercedes if I were rich" Conditional (would+verb) He said that he would buy Mercedes if he had been rich" Thay i trng t ch thi gian v ni chn (Nu cú) (nu V tng thut quỏ kh) Direct Speech Reported Speech Time Expressions today that day Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 Moon.vn Cụ V MAI PHNG KHểA NG PHP now then yesterday the day before/ the previous day ago before last week the week before/ The previous week next year the following year/ the next year tomorrow the next day / the following day Place here there Demonstratives this that these those Ex: I met her yesterday he said He said that he had met her the day before Ill it tomorrow He promised He promised that he would it the following day Chỳ ý: Nu ng t dn hin ti, ch cn thay i quy tc (i S, O, P.adj) I met her yesterday He says He says he met her yesterday III Cõu hi li núi giỏn tip Khi chuyn cõu hi trc tip thnh giỏn tip cng cn ỏp dng qui tc chuyn i trờn, ngoi cn thay i: ng t tng thut cõu hi giỏn tip l asked/ wanted to know/ wondered ( t hi) Trt t t chuyn v dng trn thut tc l ch ng ng trc ng t v khụng cú tr ng t Khụng dựng liờn t that, du ? c b i Yes/No questions S + asked + ( O ) + if / whether + clause Ex1: Are you ready? He asked me Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 Moon.vn Cụ V MAI PHNG KHểA NG PHP QT1: He asked me/ wanted to know IF/WHETHER S + V QT2: I was ready QT3: adv He asked me/ wanted to know IF/WHETHER I was ready Ex2: Did you go out last night? He asked her He asked her whether she had gone out the previous night WH- Questions S + asked + (O) + wh - word + clause When will you be ready? He asked me He asked me when I would be ready When did you finish work last night? He asked her He asked her when she had finished the previous night BI TP (cha video): Do you want to see the Cathedral? Do you mean working on the night shifts? She asked Can you play any musical instrument? The musician asked the girl Have you ever seen an UFO? He asked me Did you go anywhere the day before yesterday? The policeman asked the man Will it be alright if I come in a little late tonight? the aupair girl asked me Did any of you actually see the accident happen? The policeman asked Are you going anywhere tomorrow night? He asked her BI TP (cha video): who did you give the money to? Jane asked what did you miss most when you were in prison? Mary asked the ex convict Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 Moon.vn Cụ V MAI PHNG KHểA NG PHP How offen you go shopping? the woman asked the girl Why are you so late? said the teacher the lesson started half an hour ago where are you going for yo holiday this summer? He asked me who has been using my typewriter? said my mother BI TP (luyn thờm) What is her name ?, Bill asked me Why did they that ?, he wondered He said, Where does she live ? What time does the film begin ? Shall I wait for them or go on ?, he wondered Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 Moon.vn Cụ V MAI PHNG KHểA NG PHP KEY BI TP (cha video): He asked me IF I wanted to see the Cathedral She asked me whether I meant working on the night shifts The musician asked the girl if she could play any musical instrument He asked me if I had ever seen an UFO The policeman asked the man if he had gone anywhere days before The aupair girl asked me if it would be alright if she came in a little late that night The policeman asked us if any of us had seen that accident happen He asked her if/whether she was going anywhere the following night BI TP (cha video): Jane asked me whom I had given the money to Mary asked the ex convict what he had missed most when he had been in prison The woman asked the girl how offen she went shopping the teacher asked him why he was so late and said that/ added that the lesson had started half an hour before He asked me where I was going for my holiday that summer My mother asked us who had been using her typewriter BI TP (luyn thờm) Bill asked me what her name was He wondered why they had done that He asked her where she lived He wanted to know what time the film began He wondered whether he should wait for them or go on Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 Moon.vn Cụ V MAI PHNG KHểA NG PHP Cõu trc tip, giỏn tip (P2) I Cỏc trng hp khụng lựi thỡ ng t Khi câu trực tiếp diễn tả chân lý hay hành động đ-ợc lặp lặp lại th-ờng xuyên theo thói quen My teacher said, The earth rises in the east My teacher said that the earth rises in the east She said, I get up at oclock every morning She said that she gets up at oclock every morning Cõu iu kin loi Li núi trc tip l cõu iu hin loi thỡ c chuyn sang loi li núi giỏn tip The advertisement said; If you answer the questions correctly, you may win one million dollar The advertisement said that I might win one million dollar If I answered the questions correctly Cõu trc tip cú dng cõu iu kin loi hoc loi khụng lựi thỡ She said to me If I had enough money, Id buy a new bicycle She said to me that if she had enough money, shed buy a new bicycle Mnh sau Wish khụng lựi thỡ He said I wish I had a lot of money He said he wished he had a lot of money Mnh sau would rather Khụng lựi thỡ She said Id rather you stayed at home She said to /told me that she would rather I stayed stayed at home Khụng thay i thỡ ca mnh sau Its (high/ about) time She said; Its about time you went to bed, children She told her children that It was time they went to bed ng t cõu núi trc tip cú thi gian xỏc nh: He said, I was born in 1980 He said that he was born in 1980 II ễn cỏc dng cõu giỏn tip Túm tt Cõu giỏn tip (reported speech) S + V1( said) + (that) + S2+ V2+( ADV of time/ place) A Statements S + V1( told )+ O1 + (that) + S2+ V2+( ADV of time/ place) (Cõu phỏt biu) B Wh-questions (Cõu hi ni dung) S + asked + (O) + wh- + clause (S+V) S + wondered + wh- + clause (S+V) S + wanted to know + wh- + clause (S+V) Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 Moon.vn C Yes-no questions (Cõu hi cú khụng) D TO- INF Cụ V MAI PHNG KHểA NG PHP S + asked + (O) + if / whether + clause (S+V) S + wondered + if /whether + clause (S+V) S + wanted to know + if / whether + clause(S+V) S + Ordered, asked, told, requested + sb + (not) + to infinitive Please wait for a munite the man akked me The man told me to wait for a munite Would you mind opening the door for me He asked me to open the door for him Please dont talk in class The teacher asked me not to talk in class To- INF: advise, invite, warn, persuade Would you/ could you/will you/ can you open the door for me? He asked me to open the door for me Would you like to go out for a drink, He said He invited me to go out for a drink you should/ d better = If I were you, Id If I were you, I would go to the zoo this Sunday He advised me to go to the zoo that Sunday Remember to/Dont forget to V: nh l phi lm gỡ nhc nh Remind sb to smth: nhc lm gỡ She said to me dont forget to ring me up tomorrow evening He reminded me to ring her up the following evening Agree to V: ng ý lm gỡ Alright, Of course, Certainly, Agree Alright, Ill help you he said He agreed to help me Want sb to V: mun lm gỡ Would you like/want sb to sth Id like him to clean the floor She said She wanted him to clean the floor Refuse to V: t chi lm gỡ I wont help you she said She refused to help me Promise to V: Ha lm gỡ Ill send you a gift on your birthday He said He promised to send me a gift on my birthday Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 Moon.vn E GERUND Cụ V MAI PHNG KHểA NG PHP Dream of, object to, insist on, complain about, prevent sb from/ stop sb from/ congratulate on Ill help you with your exercises He said to Ann He insisted on helping Ann with her exercises Cm n, xin li: S + thanked + sb + for + v-ing S + apologized for + (not) + v-ing S + apologized + to + s.o + for + (not) + v-ing It was nice of you to help me Thank you very much Tom said to Ann Tom thanked Ann for helping him Im sorry, Im late Peter said Peter apologized for being late ngh, gi ý: S + suggest + (not) + V-ing S1 + suggest (ed) + That + S2 + should + bare infinitive He said to me; Lets go home He suggested going home He suggested that we should go home Lets go out for a drink, Susan said Susan suggested going out for a drink * Li ngh, gi ý thng bt u bng: Could Shall we What about / How about V-ing/ Lets V./ Why dont we V Susan asked Peter Why dont you go home now Susan suggested that Peter should go home then Susan suggested Peters going home then III Bi I Change these sentences into reported speech Mary said : My father died a year ago Must you go now?, said Mr Brown John said : I have finished studying my lesson He asked me : Why didnt you come to class yesterday? Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 Moon.vn Cụ V MAI PHNG KHểA NG PHP KEY I Bi (cha video) Exercise 1: 1.He advised me not to buy that car 2.Nam offered to carry Lans suitcase 3.Ann agreed to share the food with Dave 4.Paul reminded Sue to buy some bread 5.The man ordered the children not to touch anything in that room 6.Mary said that she had to go home to make the dinner 7.Tom asked me if/whether I was going to Ho Chi Minh City the next week/the following week 8.Mom asked if I had finished my homework 9.She told me that she couldnt it by herself 10.Lan wanted to know if Nams brother lived in London 11.His father warned him not to repeat that mistake again 12.The photographer told me to give a smile 13 The librarian told the student not to leave those books on the table 14.He asked me if I had travelled abroad much 15.The boss asked the secretaty who had written that note 16.My friend told me she had just received a postcast from his sister 17.He said that story had happened long before Exercise 2: 1.We asked the guide if it would be safe to stay in the mountains for the night if the weather didnt changed for the better 2.The porter told me he would wake me up when the train arrived in Leeds 3.My wife told me that she would the packing while I was away 4.He told me not to leave until he phoned me 5.The doctor said that after he left hospital they would take him to the South 6.The local man explained to me that they would wait for the fisherman to return until it got dark Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 Moon.vn Cụ V MAI PHNG KHểA NG PHP 7.My neighbour told me she would let me know as soon as she heard from him./ My neighbour promised to let me know as soon as she heard from him 8.She said that she would live in town untilher husband returned from the expedition and that when he returned,they would go to the seaside together 9.The mother told her son to sit still 10.John asked/told his friend to come and spend a week with him Exercise 3: 1.Tom asked the girl when she had had the picture taken 2.Tom suggested going somewhere for a cup of coffee after class 3.John suggested that Mary should wear her hair a little longer 4.The landlady invited the guest to have another cup of tea 5.My sister suggested us going to see Aunt Marry on the Sunday 6.She asked me if I had ever seen a flying saucer 7.James offered to type the letter for me 8.Alfred denied using/having used Johns cassette player and said that someone else did 9.Father said he had been the superintendent while that school was being built 10.The woman said that if she had a gas stove it would save her a lot of time Exercise 4: 1.Helen said that she thought she would have to find a better job because she couldnt make both ends meet 2.He asked her why she was so late;he had been waiting for half an hour already 3.She told/advised him not to let them down and added that she would be very embarrassed if he went back on his words 4.She advised her husband not to drink too much.He might lose control of the car and have a bad accident 5.The boy asked his mother when they would have lunch and said he was very hungry 6.He said he didnt understand why she had refused to join them on the trip 7.She told him she was very glad he had come and invited him to sit down 8.Mr Brown told his wife he didnt feel like going out that evening and suggested asking the Browns to come over for a chat Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 Moon.vn Cụ V MAI PHNG KHểA NG PHP 9.John said it was raining too hard to go out and suggested that they should stay at home and watch TV instead 10.Tom asked me to ring up the station to find out when the train came in III Bi t luyn He said to her she was his friend Johnny said to his mother he didnt know how to that exercise My brother advised me not to come back before one oclock Mrs Brown told her daughter to cook it in butter The pupils asked their teacher to give them better marks My friend asked me if I was going to leave the day after My mother asked me if I had done my homework I asked Bill what time he had gone to bed the night before 10 Paul said that he had to go home then 10.The policeman said that there was an accident 11.The children said that they were waiting for the school bus 12 Mr Brown asked me if I had to go then 13 Tom asked if I was going to visit my aunt the next day 14 The teacher asked his students to listen to him and not to make any noise 15.Mary said Helen she was tired of eating fish Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99.98.98 [...]... where is he going D I asked Nick where he is going Phân tích: đây là câu hỏi chuyển sang gián tiếp nên có thể loại trực tiếp đáp án A, C, D do đã đảo trợ động từ lên trước chủ ngữ (A, C) và sử dụng thì động từ không phù hợp (D) B Dựa vào trạng từ: nếu có những đáp án không phù hợp về trạng từ thì cũng loại trực tiếp (trong câu gián tiếp không thể có các trạng từ như: today, yesterday, tomorrow, here, now,... 18 He asked whether I had prepared the meal and I said I hadn’t 19 He wished me happy birthday 20 He told me to take my seat and I thanked him Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99. 98. 98 6 Moon.vn Cô VŨ MAI PHƯƠNG – KHÓA NGỮ PHÁP Câu trực tiếp, gián tiếp (P4) I Hướng dẫn học sinh cách làm bài tập trắc nghiệm 1 Nhận biết đáp án sai và loại trực tiếp: A Dựa vào thì của động từ:  Nếu nhận biết được đó là 1 câu gián. .. winning the scholarship 13 David accused Henry of cheating 14 Lan thanked Hoa for helping her with her homework 15 Mr Thanh apologized for being late Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99. 98. 98 5 Moon.vn Cô VŨ MAI PHƯƠNG – KHÓA NGỮ PHÁP Câu trực tiếp, gián tiếp (P3) 1 Lời nói gián tiếp trong câu cảm thán What + (adj + N)/ (a/an + adj + N) How + adj/adv + S + V (be/V thường)  Exlaimed that: thốt lên “What a lovely... Identification 1 2 3 4 5 A C B B D BÀI TẬP THÊM 1 B 2 C 3 A 4 B 5 D 6 C Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99. 98. 98 10 Moon.vn Cô VŨ MAI PHƯƠNG – KHÓA NGỮ PHÁP Câu trực tiếp, gián tiếp (P5) I Bài tập (chữa trong video) Exercise 1: Rewrite following sentences so that the meaning stay the same 1.”If I were you,I wouldn’t buy this car” He advised 2.”Shall I carry your suicase,Lan?”said Nam Nam offered ... runs!” She said 2  She exclaimed that he ran quickly Lời nói gián tiếp trong câu chúc “Good luck!” He said to me  He wished me good luck “Congratulation!” 3  He Congratulated me Lời nói gián tiếp trong câu chào The notice says “welcome to Vietnam”  The notice welcomes visitors to Vietnam “Good morning”; “Hello” 4  He greeted me Bài tập (chữa trong video) Choose the word or phrase (A, B, C or D) that... him the day before She told me she wrote to him yesterday She told me she had written to him yesterday She told me she had written to him the day before câu này có thể loại trực tiếp đáp án b, c do sử dụng trạng từ yesterday trong câu gián tiếp là không phù C Dựa vào 1 số cấu trúc cố định: 1 số cấu trúc đi với to V/ Ving Jamei: “ Don’t eat so much junk food !” A Jamei reminded me not to eat so much... food Phân tích: câu này có thể loại trực tiếp đáp án b, c do không đúng cấu trúc reminded/ asked sb not to V 2 Với những đáp án có thể đúng còn lại, học sinh tiếp tục xem xét và loại trừ dần để chọn ra đáp án đúng nhất II BÀI TẬP (chữa trong Video) Choose the best choice 1 He said he…………… at the “Ritz” Hotel A.is staying B has stayed C was staying Moon.vn D will stay Hotline: 04.32.99. 98. 98 1 Moon.vn Cô... what time it is B what is the time D it is what time Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99. 98. 98 9 Moon.vn Cô VŨ MAI PHƯƠNG – KHÓA NGỮ PHÁP KEY BÀI TẬP (chữa trong Video) 1 C 12 C 23 C 34 D 45 B 2 D 13 B 24 B 35 D 46 C 3 D 14.A 25.C 36 D 47 D 4 D 15 D 26 A 37 D 48 A 5 A 16.A 27 B 38 B 49 C 6 D 17.D 28 D 39 C 50 B 7 B 18 D 29 C 40 B 51 D 8 C 19 C 30 B 41 A 52 B 9 D 20.D 31 C 42 D 53 D 10 C 21 A 32 B 43 D 54 C 11 A... were you, I would learn English”, she said Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99. 98. 98 5 Moon.vn Cô VŨ MAI PHƯƠNG – KHÓA NGỮ PHÁP KEY Bài tập (chữa trong video) 1 B 11 A 21 D 31 D 41 A 2 C 12 C 22 D 32 A 42 D 3 A 13 A 23 C 33 D 43 B 4 D 14.D 24 C 34 C 44 D 5 B 15 C 25.B 35 C 45 B 6 C 16.B 26 C 36 C 46 B 7 D 17.A 27 D 37 B 47 B 8 A 18 B 28 B 38 B 48 A 9 A 19 D 29 B 39 B 49 C 10 D 20 A 30 A 40 B 50 C Bài tập (luyện... án sai và loại trực tiếp: A Dựa vào thì của động từ:  Nếu nhận biết được đó là 1 câu gián tiếp mà có đáp án liên quan tới thì hiện tại (hiện tại đơn, hiện tại tiếp diễn, hiện tai hoàn thành) hoặc tương lai (tương lai đơn, tương lai gần) thì sẽ loại trực tiếp đáp án đó Nếu đó là 1 câu hỏi thì có thể loại trực tiếp những đáp án có trợ động từ đảo lên trước chủ ngữ I said to Nick: “Where are you going?” ... Hotline: 04.32.99. 98. 98 Moon.vn Cụ V MAI PHNG KHểA NG PHP Cõu trc tip, giỏn tip (P2) I Cỏc trng hp khụng lựi thỡ ng t Khi câu trực tiếp diễn tả chân lý hay hành động - c lặp lặp lại th-ờng xuyên theo... B Wh-questions (Cõu hi ni dung) S + asked + (O) + wh- + clause (S+V) S + wondered + wh- + clause (S+V) S + wanted to know + wh- + clause (S+V) Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99. 98. 98 Moon.vn C Yes-no... had been rich" Thay i trng t ch thi gian v ni chn (Nu cú) (nu V tng thut quỏ kh) Direct Speech Reported Speech Time Expressions today that day Moon.vn Hotline: 04.32.99. 98. 98 Moon.vn Cụ V MAI
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