Tóm tắt luận án tiến sĩ quản lý di tích lịch sử văn hóa ở bắc ninh trong quá trình công nghiệp hóa, đô thị hóa (TT)

27 279 0
  • Loading ...
1/27 trang

Thông tin tài liệu

Ngày đăng: 23/10/2015, 11:26

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING MINISTRY OF CULTURE, SPORTS & TOURISMVIETNAM NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF CULTURE AND ARTS STUDIESTran Duc NguyenMANAGEMENT OF HISTORICAL AND CULTURAL RELICSIN BAC NINH PROVINCE IN THE PROCESS OFINDUSTRIALIZATION AND URBANIZATIONMajor: Cultural ManagementCode: 62 31 06 42SUMMARY OF DOCTORAL DISSERTATION IN CULTURAL STUDIESHa Noi - 2015 The study has been completed at:VIETNAM NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF CULTURE AND ARTS STUDIESScientific supervisor:External Examiner 1:Associate Professor. Dr. Dang Van BaiAssoc. Prof. Dr. Bui Hoai SonVietnam National Institute of Culture and Arts StudiesExternal Examiner 2: Dr. Tran Dinh LuyenBac Ninh Department of Culture, Sports andTourismExternal Examiner 3: Dr. Nguyen Van TinhMinistry of Culture, Sports and TourismThe dissertation will be defended before the Institute - level Examining Committe,Vietnam National Institute of Culture and Arts Studies32 Hao Nam, O Cho Dua, Dong Da, Ha NoiAt………………………………………………………..The dessertation could be looked up at:- Vietnam National Library- Library of Vietnam National Institute of Culture and Arts Studies 1INTRODUCTION1. Rationale of the studyBac Ninh Province is located in the Red River Delta with favorablenatural, fertile soil and convenient river systems for trading with otherlocalities in the region. Bac Ninh is steeped in local cultural and historicaltradition. These elements of nature and social history as above hascontributed to Bac Ninh’s treasure of diversified cultural heritage, unique,rich value that has been transmitted to the present day. One of the elementsof such precious cultural heritage is is a system of historical - culturalmonuments which is diverse both in forms and types. According tostatistics, there remain approximately 2,000 historical - cultural relicsdistributed throughout the districts, towns and cities in Bac Ninh Province.Over the years, especially since the Cultural Heritage Law hadbeen enacted (2001), the management of cultural and historical relics inBac Ninh Province has been much positively changed. The key relics ofthe Province has been managed, invested for restoration and renovationso as to effectively to meet the needs of cultural enjoyment of thecommunity inside and outside the Province. However, there remainlimitations to such management, caused by defects in anti-degradation,in the treatment of encroached land, in relic’s protection zoning, and inthe propagation, dissemination and implementation of guidelines andpolicies of the Party and laws of the State on monument preservation.Currently, Bac Ninh has the rapid socio-economic growth and thestrong process of industrialization and urbanization. This has positiveimpacts on conservation and promotion of heritage value as increasedfunding for restoration and renovation of relics, avoidance ofdegradation and destruction of relics. However, it also has negativeeffects such as state heritage overwhelmed, damaged, deformed ordamaged ... This is the problem faced by management agencies, standingin front of a pressure force for the protection, exploitation and promotion 2of traditional cultural values in a sustainable manner, while ensuring theservice of socio-economic development, raising spirit and material livingstandards for residential community.2. Aims of the study- Researching the situation of historical - cultural management withsuccesses and limitations and determining the cause of such limitations.- Studying the impact of industrialization and urbanization to theruins and relics management activities in Bac Ninh.- Proposing some solutions to achieve higher efficiency in themanagement, conservation and promotion of the values of the historicalcultural relics in Bac Ninh Province in the current period.3. Object and scope of the study3.1. Object of the studyThe dissertation studies all issues relating to the management ofhistorical-cultural relics in Bac Ninh Province in recent years, whichfocuses on the study of the policies of the Party, State and Localauthorities on conservation of monuments and policies for community,participation in conservation of monuments, organizational structure andoperations management in the field of historical-cultural relics, the roleof the community in the management; the impact on the process ofindustrialization and urbanization to historical-cultural management.3.2. Scope of the study- Scope of space: the historical and cultural monuments in BacNinh Province.- Scope of time: from the Cultural Heritage Law was enacted in2001 to the present.4. Method of the study- Method of interdisciplinary research: Culture studies, Culturalmanagement, History, Preservation of historical cultural relics...- Method of survey and field; 3- Methods of cultural - sociological research: Qualitative andquantitative methods research- Methods of synthesis, analysis, statistics, classification and comparison5. Scientific and practical significance of the studyThe Dissertation contributes to systematize theories on culturalheritage, cultural heritage management; perspectives, theoretical basisfor relic management. It provides information and data on the system ofcultural and historical monuments in Bac Ninh Province; Clarifies thesituationoforganizationalstructureandhistorical-culturalmanagement, the impact of the development of industrialization andurbanization for relics; then proposes the solutions for improving theeffectiveness of the management of historical cultural relics, creatingresourcestopromoteeconomicdevelopmentintheeraofindustrialization and urbanization.6. Design of the studyBesides the Introduction, Conclusion, References and Appendices,the dissertation is structured into 3 chapters:Chapter 1: Theoretical fundamentals of heritage management, theoverview of historical and cultural relic system in Bac Ninh ProvinceChapter 2: Current situation of the management of historical andcultural relics in Bac Ninh ProvinceChapter 3: Orientation and solution for improving the effectivemanagement of historical and cultural relics in Bac Ninh Province in theprocess of industrialization and urbanization 4CHAPTER 1THEORETICAL FUNDAMENTALS OF HERITAGEMANAGEMENT, OVERVIEW OF HISTORICAL ANDCULTURAL RELIC SYSTEM IN BAC NINH PROVINCE1.1. Overview of the Study1.1.1. The study on the management of tangible cultural heritage1.1.2 The study of historical and cultural relics in Bac NinhProvince1.1.3. The study on the management of historical and culturalrelics in Bac Ninh ProvinceUp to now, the studies on the relic management of heritage has notyet focused deeply on issues such as managerial object and tools,management of natural landscape environment and architectural space,strategic issues of conservation and promotion of heritage value, thesystematical planning, master planning and conservation projects havenot been discussed and deeply studied. For Bac Ninh in particular, inaddition to the limitations above, there is no specific and systematicalstudy on managerial issues of historical and cultural relics, especially inthe condition of socio-economic development, the process ofindustrialization and urbanization with positive and negative impacts tothe ruins. This has been a big challenge for local managers. Therefore,the issues which have not yet been accessible shall be a certain gap thatwill be mentioned and researched in this Study.1.2. Theoretical fundamental of the Study1.2.1. Theoretical fundamentalThere are many different views on conservation of culturalheritage with three outstanding viewpoints: the viewpoint ofpreservation of original values, conservation on the basis of inheritanceand the viewpoint of conservation and development. In the study, theobjects of the management and conservation are the historical and 5cultural relics in specific locality with the characteristics of type andbuilding materials. The conservation should respect the original,accuracy, integrity and sustainability of the relics of the allowableconditions. The relic preservation should be followed to the goal andassociated to socio-economic development, specially linked to thecommunity, respected and uphold the role of the community as thecultural creators, heritage owners, beneficiaries of such heritage value,but also played an active role in protecting and promoting the values ofcultural heritage. The monuments should be exploited and promoted thevalue for propaganda and education on tradition, cultural identity,promotion of the local image, practically contributing to the socioeconomic development, especially bringing material and spiritualbenefits to communities surrounding monument and heritage. This is thetheoretical viewpoint applied in the Dissertation.1.2.2. Some basic concepts* Cultural heritage* Historical and cultural relics* Management and management of historic and cultural relics* Cultural Management* Community* Sustainable development* Industrialization and urbanization1.2.3. Legal fundamentals for the management of historicalcultural relicsThe most legal fundamental for management of historical cultural relics is Cultural Heritage Law in 2001 and Law amending andmodifying some articles of Cultural Heritage Law in 2001.1.3. Overview of the system of historical cultural relics in BacNinh Province1.3.1. Some features of Bac Ninh Province1.3.1.1. Geographical location and natural features 61.3.1.2. Resident1.3.1.3. Economic - social features1.2.1.4. Historical and cultural characteristics1.3.2. Overview of the system of historical cultural relics in BacNinh Province1.3.2.1. Quantity and type of relics- Quantity of relics: Currently, there are a total of 1.545 monumentsof all kinds, including 498 rated monuments (194 nationally ratedmonuments and 304 provincially rated monuments in overall Province).Distribution: the relics were distributed in the Province; theaverage density of 18 monuments/1km2.- The type of relic in Bac Ninh Province: the relics can be dividedinto three types of relics: 1/ Type of archeology; 2/ Type of historicalmonuments; 3/ Type of architectural monuments.1.3.2.2. The situation and technical status of the relicsThe historical-cultural relics are divided into the followingcategories: 1/Relics are ruins, accounting for approximately 3% of totalrelics; 2/Relics are in the condition of serious degradation, accountingfor approximately 20% of total relics; 3/Relics are expressly degraded,accounting for approximately 65% of total relics; 4/Relics are in goodcondition, accounting for approximately 12%.1.3.2.3. Ownership form of relicsThere are two ownership forms: 1/Relics are under collectiveownership; 2/Relics are under private ownership.1.3.2.4. Historical cultural relics with festivalThere are about 547 festivals in Bac Ninh Province, the majorityof which are organized at relics which have been accredited and certifiedas historical and cultural relics by the State.Sub-conclusionThe researches on relics and management of historical-culturalrelics in Bac Ninh in particularly have provided a relatively 7comprehensive look on issues that have been paid attention by theDissertation. However, there is no study accessing in terms of full,systematical and comprehensive management of historical cultural relicsin Bac Ninh and studying management situation of historical culturalrelics in the process of industrialization and urbanization. Thedissertation applies the theoretical framework of cultural heritagemanagementtoresearchmanagementactivitiesofrelic’sacknowledgement as monuments as the managerial object that shouldhave the appropriate measures for conservation and preservation andpromotion of their values for socio-economic development of theProvince, to meet the enjoyment needs of the community.With the relic system is composed of three types of historicalrelics, architecture - arts and archeology - with different characteristics,the appropriate management methods for promoting effectively the valueof such monuments that contribute to the overall development of thelocality should be necessarily applied.CHAPTER 2CURRENT SITUATION OF THE MANAGEMENT OFHISTORICAL AND CULTURAL RELICS IN BAC NINH PROVINCE2.1. The organizational structure of the monument management2.1.1. People's Committees at all levelsAs a rule, the Province People’s Committee bears the highestresponsibility for the state management of cultural heritage in local asassigned by the Government. People's Committees of districts, towns,wards and communes bears responsibility for managing, building andimplementing conservation and promotion of the value of monuments,relics, antiques and national treasures in their localities.2.1.2. Department of Culture, Sports and TourismDepartment of Culture, Sports and Tourism is a professionallyspecialized agency, advising and assisting the Province People’s 8Committee in performing “the state management in the Province ofcultural heritage”. The responsibilities of the Department of Culture inthe management of historical-cultural relics are clearly specified in TheRegulations on the management of monuments, relics, antiques andnational treasures in Bac Ninh Province. The Relic ManagementCommittee of Bac Ninh Province is the agency principally responsiblefor the management of relics.In communes, wards and towns where there are ranked relics,Heritage Management Unit is established for the purpose of directlymanaging, protecting and promoting the values of such relics.*In coordination mechanisms of management agencies at alllevels: Heritage management is under administrative level, verticallyfrom the Province to the district/town, commune/ward andvillage/neighborhood.* On the management model- Management model of self-governing community: Localmanagement unit consist of representatives of communes and villages,mainly in charge of supervisory role, and the heritage management ismainly for the community with participants of the Elderly Association,the Woman Association and the Youth Union of wards and villages.- Management model fully undertaken by the State: Historic relicsof revolution and famous persons shall be fully managed by the State.All activities such as repair, restoration, display... are planned anddeployed by the State.- Model operated by private: applied for relics such as ancient folkhouses, family worship, temples and shrines...2.2. Managerial human resources of historical cultural relics- The staff of the Province management unit: Staff specialized inmuseology basically assume and well perform managerial works such assurvey, fieldwork, research, collection, inventory, heritagedocumentation, consultancy and verification of projects of heritagerestoration and renovation... 9- The staff of the local management unit: management unit ofentire ranked relics by the State are established. The qualification andcapacity of these staff is inconsistent and uneven, should be trained forknowledge of protection and promotion of cultural heritage.- Staff at the district cultural office in charge of heritagemanagement has graduate and postgraduate education accounting for100%. However, their training field is not consistent with therequirements of the management of cultural heritage.2.3. Management activities of historical - cultural relics in BacNinh Province2.3.1. Building the planning, the plan and heritage conservationproject2.3.1.1. Building the heritage conservation planMany relics of Bac Ninh Province have been included in theoverall plan and some key monuments restored and renovated...Viewpoint that renovations and restoration for some key relics isassociated with tourism development. The goal of the planning is toensure maximum preservation of the original elements of the monument,and promotion of the heritage value for socio-economic and culturaldevelopment, satisfying the needs of cultural enjoyment of the people.2.3.1.2. Building relic conservation planThe restoration and renovation for preservation of the historicaland cultural relics has been now done with the annual short-term specificplan plans and long/medium-term plans. The plans such as Management,preservation and promotion of revolutionary historic relics in Bac NinhProvince in the period of 2007-2010 in 2007 and Restoration plan forhistoric cultural relics in Bac Ninh Province in the period of 2010-2015,in 2010 were approved.2.3.2. Issuing legal documents on historical and cultural relicsOn the basis of characteristics and local situation, Bac NinhProvince has issued a number of documents concerning the managementof cultural heritage in general, historical and cultural monuments in 10particular. In 2008, the Regulation on management and use of historical– cultural relics in Bac Ninh was promulgated, and in 2014 theRegulation on management of monuments, relics, antiques and nationaltreasures in Bac Ninh Province was issued.2.3.3. Propaganda, popularization and legal education of relicsThe Province management unit guides the propagation on the legaldocuments on cultural heritage for cultural staff and its members at eachlocality. Conference to announce the list of anti-degraded monuments byState with the capital originated from the national target programs,guidelines, documentation procedures of religious monuments. Thepropagation of cultural heritage protection and preservation at each localityhas been carried out mainly through the radio system or some other forms.2.3.3. Organization of professional operations for preservationand promotion of the values of historical-cultural relics2.3.3.1. Heritage conservationListing and preparing heritage scientific document is conductedannually, in districts, towns and communes, towns, villages, and eachmonument.Studying and preparing rank document for the monument: so far,Bac Ninh has 498 ranked monuments, which 194 nationally rankedmonuments, 304 provincially ranked monuments; Dau pagoda and Thappagoda were recognized as a special national monument.Heritage restoration and renovation: Heritage restoration andrenovation projects ensure ensure the principle, science and compliancewith prescribed procedures. Many relics have been funded forrenovations, anti-degradation typically such as Phu Luu building; Dotemple and Dau pagoda...2.3.3.2. Antique management at relics: Bac Ninh Provincemanagement unit counted and listed artifacts, antiques and relics at somelocations. Special valuable antiques have been researched anddocumented scientifically and submitted to the Government to berecognized as national treasures. 11Currently, major relics, artifacts and antiques are assigned to elderassociation or pagoda chairman for management. Artifacts and antiqueshave not yet listed and verified statistics their dating. Protectionmeasures are mainly such as maintaining, cleaning the artifacts andantiques. In general, the management has not been yet paid attention.Many antiques and artifacts were stolen in many relics.2.3.3.3. Promotion of heritage valuesThe promotion of heritage value is done in many different formssuch as: visiting the relics; organizing activities and events to promote thevalue of the monument; exploiting value of relics for the development oftourism, of which potentialities such mental culture and tourism, heritageculture have been focused; associated relics with the teaching and learningactivities of the schools, the study competition on local history andtradition ... Firstly, introducing and promoting relics in the mass media.2.3.5. Organizing and management of scientific researchactivities on the monumentScientific research activities are carried out in some forms such as:seminars on cultural and historical sites; research, writing, publication ofthe value of the monument; survey, research, assessment of the value ofthe monument ...2.3.6. Mobilization, management and use of resources forpreservation, promotion of the value of historical and culturalmonumentsThe renovations, heritage restoration is done primarily by twosources:In the first source - through the support of the state, for thisfunding, management must comply with the principles of finance.Investment for heritage renovation must go through the process ofverification and approval of status documents of the monument to thebudget allocation decisions. The budget must be properly used foreffective purpose. 12In the second source - mobilizing resources from the community Donations of money and human resources of the community toparticipate in the preservation and promotion of heritage value. The roleof community in participation in conservation and promotion of heritagevalues are clearly expressed, most notably the case of recovery, restorethe ruins of Ly Kings in Dinh Bang.However, funds have just been focused on the monuments associatedwith religion - beliefs as temples, pagodas, temples and shrines.... the ruinsof the type of archaeology, history, memory and famous characters ... hasbeen less attracted from public attention. The management of the fundsraised from the community as to put the donation boxes and the revenuesand expenditures in the ruins has been a problem. Beside effectivemanagement of such funds such as Do temple, Tieu Son (Tu Son)pagoda...., there is an untransparent management at some ruins...2.3.7. Coordination and cooperation on the protection andpromotion of the value of historical cultural relicsCoordination and cooperation is carried out in two major formsincluding: coordination with other domestic agencies and organizationsand with international organizations to implement conservationprograms, promotion of heritage value or calling, rising the funding forthis program.2.3.8. Inspection and examination of the legal observance andsettlement of complaints and denunciations about the historical andcultural monumentsHeritage management agencies must arrange the inspection plan ofthe issues related to the observance of the law on the protection andpromotion of the values of historical, cultural relics, such as renovation andprotection of relics and antiques in ruins, occupied land, superstition infestivals...; Checking and receiving information from the people on theviolations related to the management of the monument to timely measuresor recommendations of the competent authorities to resolve and handled 13according to law. Coordinating with relevant agencies to organize periodicinspection and handling of complaints of violations of the monument.2.4. Assessment of the advantages and limitations of themanagement of historical and cultural relics in Bac Ninh Province* About advantages- About organization management structure: decentralizedmanagement to the commune level. Developing a coordinationmechanism between units in the management of cultural and historicalmonuments.- The role of state management is reflected in the followingactivities:+ Many legal documents are issued for direction and orientationfor conservation and preservation of cultural heritages.+ Propaganda classes on laws and bylaws on cultural heritage,professional training for staff working in management at all levels areregularly organized.+ The research, documentation, relic ranking is an important andeffective measure.+ State’s funds for the restoration, repair and renovation of themonuments are used for the right and efficient purposes. Mobilizingpublic resources for restoration and renovation of the monuments.+ Studying and collecting intangible cultural values such asfestivals, legends, gods related to relics to make the raised value of themonument in accordance with the needs of the community.+ Advising and helping for localities to organize festival at themonument in accordance with tradition, civilization, history and securityfor tourists.+ Inspecting, testing and handling violation of the monuments,resolving complaints and disputes of relics and artifacts at the locallevel. Giving the reward forms of the individual, collective achievementsin the protection and promotion of cultural heritage value. 14- The role of the community: the local heritage management unit withthe participation of the community representatives. Monuments are createdby the community, existed with the community; the community’smanagement is an appropriate method and effective management.Communities contribute funds for the renovation, restoration ofmonuments, restoration of festivals or ceremonies held at the monument.Expressing the supervisory role of the protection, preservation ofcultural heritage. Distort behaviors and violation are detected andnotified to local governments.* About limitationsObjectively: degradation and damage of the monuments are resultedfrom climatic conditions, harsh nature and consequences of the war.Subjectively:- Management role of managerial agencies reveals manyshortcomings:+ Propaganda and guidance on Cultural Heritage Law has nospecific and regular plans, mostly focuses on management unit withoutpaying attention on the community.+ It is late in listing monuments, benchmarking, documenting,archaeological planning, master planning...+ The degradation of many relics still exists in many places. Thepoor management of restoration projects funded by socialization sources.+ Many infringement cases on land disputes of relics and artifactsin ruins... are promptly untreated or irrationally treated.+ There is no inventory plan, setting records for antiques for themonument. The phenomenon of stolen relics, artifacts also occur inruins, the investigation.+ The phenomenon of superstition, mediums, arbitrary burning of papervotive, the social evils persist in many monuments, many annual festivals.+ There is ineffective and lack of oriented exploitation andpromotion of the value of the monument. Tourism products are mainlybased on available values. 15- Limited public awareness of the community in the management andprotection of monuments, self-decision of restoration and renovation ofrelics without permission of professional bodies, even breaking the oldrelics to build new monuments, cause deviation of the original nature of themonument. In some cases, community agitation should have expressed alack of confidence in the specialized agencies, agency management.The influence of the abbot is greater than management unit, evenconflict with the community, with local authorities.* Reason for limitations- Propagation and dissemination of guidelines and policies of theParty and State on cultural heritage has not been appropriately paidattention. Some local leaders are not fully aware of the importance ofheritage and scientific requirements in the renovation of the monumentled to the arbitrary behavior of ruins.- Incomplete and asynchronous collaboration between the Provincemanagement units. Inspection, detection and treatment are delayed.- Lack of expertise and professional knowledge of management staff.- The inter-sectoral coordination among agencies in themanagement, conservation and promotion of the value of historicalcultural heritage is not close and effective.- Lack of orientation, policies, specific sanctions to encourage, callthe contributions of organizations and individuals to engage inprotecting and promoting the value of cultural and historical monuments.- The loose management of monuments and antiques loose, in a"sum-lump" way.Sub-conclusionDecentralization of historical cultural heritage in Bac Ninh so farto commune/ward level expresses the consistency, focus and facilitationfor implementation of the plans, tasks of management, preservation andpromotion of heritage value. The management model to be applied inpractice will vary depending on the characteristics of each type of 16monument. However, the state still plays a major role in regulating andorienting the other components involved in management.Heritage management activities are conducted under the provisionsof the Law on Cultural Heritage. The dissertation approaches themanagement activities on specific aspects such as the promulgation andimplementation of documents related to historical and culturalmonuments in fact, building the planning and conservation plans ofheritage system, promotion of relics in the present conditions ... Theimportant role of the community for the protection of monuments isexpressed through mobilizing resources for the restoration andrenovation of the local heritage. In fact, the heritage management haspositive effects to meet the needs of the community and cultural life.However, due to several different factors, the heritage preservation andconservation reveals limitations that need specific solutions to contributeto preservation and promotion of valuable cultural heritages.CHAPTER 3ORIENTATION AND SOLUTION FOR IMPROVING THEEFFECTIVE MANAGEMENT OF HISTORICAL ANDCULTURAL RELICS IN BAC NINH PROVINCE IN THEPROCESS OF INDUSTRIALIZATION AND URBANIZATION3.1. The impact of industrialization and urbanization for themanagement of historical cultural relics in Bac Ninh Province at the present3.1.1. The situation of industrialization, urbanization in Bac NinhIn recent years, the socio-economy of Bac Ninh Province hasflourished and risen to the top of the Provinces in the northern key economicregion. Previously, mainly agricultural production, Bac Ninh has shifted todevelopment of industry - urban - services; positive changes in economicstructure. Such developments are the result of the process of industrializationdevelopment. Currently, Bac Ninh has 15 industrial zones with a total area 17of 6,847 hectares. Along with industrial parks, industrial clusters of tradevillages formed and developed in all districts of the Province has been a keyfactor for industrialization. Many traditional villages have been restored,maintained and developed new occupations. At the present, there are 62handicraft villages with over 200 different industries.Along with the industrialization process in Bac Ninh, there is a strongurbanization. The urbanization process is mostly concentrated in Bac Ninhcity and Tu Son town. Average urbanization speed in the period 2006 - 2010reached 15% / year. The strong urbanization process in densely populatedareas, industrial zones, the areas along the highway 1A, 18, and 38 is thepremise of urban expansion and the formation of centralized housing areasfor the labor needs in the area, especially industrial workers.3.1.2. The impact of industrialization and urbanization formanaging the historic cultural relics* Positive impacts- Local investment budget for the restoration, repair is guaranteed.- Material lives of people increases significantly, with theconditions for support, support for conservation and promotion of thevalue of local monuments.- Changes in public benefits, so there are different behaviors for relics:sticking to the monument, interest and protection of local heritage.* Negative impacts- Breaking landscapes, sacred space of the monument; landencroachment, breach.- Occurring social evils, the phenomenon of stealing artifacts andantiques at the monument in many places.- Construction of infrastructure directly affects the monument:narrowed monument, flooding...- Polluted ambient and water affects the landscape, the space of themonuments, festivals. 18- Socio-economic development, market economy also lead to thecommercialization, market festivals of the relics.3.2. Some viewpoints and fundamentals for solutions onimproving management efficiency of historic cultural relics3.2.1. In term of management3.2.1.1. In term of unified management roles of monuments3.2.1.2. In term of conservation and promotion of relic values toensure the authenticity and the original nature of the monument3.2.1.3. In term of conservation and promotion of the value oftangible cultural heritage associated with intangible cultural heritage3.2.1.4. In term of conservation and promotion of the value ofheritage associated with the community and for the community3.2.1.5. In term of conservation and promotion of the value ofheritage associated with the socio-economic development of the locality3.2.2. Fundamentals for solution- Pursuant to on Cultural Development Strategy to 2020 has beenapproved by the Prime Minister by Decision No. 581/QD-TTg dated06/05/2009.- Pursuant to the policies and guidance of Bac Ninh on conservationand promotion of cultural heritage value ... those are expressed throughsome plan of socio-economic and cultural development of the Province.3.3. Some solutions3.3.1. Strengthening the management apparatus- For the Province heritage management unit:extending thefunction and mission of protection and promotion of cultural heritagevalues in the Province. The Province heritage management unit shouldbe improved to the Cultural Heritage Conservation Center.- For the local heritage management unit: enhancing the role ofstakeholders, including attention to the self-management role ofcommunity. Setting up a hot line with phone numbers of the leader orcharge-officeravailableduring24/24h,puttingmailboxesof 19irregularities in the relics. Developing a coordination plan in heritageprotection between management unit and president of pagoda or templesand local communities.3.3.2. Strengthening the propaganda and educationto raiseawareness about the historical - cultural relic for the communityTheseyears,thepropaganda,trainingofmanagement,conservation, promoting the values of monuments mainly focus for staffmanagement, and people do not pay attention. Therefore, the need tostrengthen education and communication on the monument to thepeople, because the support and the role of the community is one of theimportant factors, the community to create the monument and also theyused, now the community must be the manager, protected monuments.3.3.3. Planning maintenance, repair, restoration of relicsIt is necessary to have a systematic planning for the entire rankedmonument. The systematic planning is the legal and scientific basis tocreatefavorableconditionsfortheplanningsocio-economicdevelopment of present sectors of Bac Ninh.3.3.4. Mechanisms and policies- Increasing investment for the protection and promotion of thevalue of historical cultural relics.- Developing mechanisms and policies to encourage and monitorthe investment resources from the community for preservation andpromotion of the monument value.- There are subsidies to directly oversee and manage themonument; honoring those who have preferential protection, teachingand promoting the values of the monument.3.3.5. Improving the quality of human resource for relicmanagementFostering the professional knowledge for management staff at alllevels. Additional staffing is the architect or civil engineer. Planning toorganize training courses for each specific geographical area, equipping 20with the knowledge to those who are directly preservation and protectionof monuments; appointing staff to learn and visit managerial experiencesin the countries in the region.3.3.6. Strengthening the inspection and examination at the relicsStrengthening the inspection and examination to detect and handleviolations of the monument, settle complaints and denunciations andhandle violations of the law on monuments; Praising timelyorganizations and individuals to strictly abide by the law, timelyhandling of cases of violation of Cultural Heritage Law.3.3.7. Effectively exploitation of the cultural and historical relisassociated with the tourism developmentIt should focus on some of the contents: Raising the attractivenessof the relics to tourists; accelerating the promotion of heritage;developing a unique tourism product; investing for upgrading andbuilding new infrastructure for tourist attractions and improving thequality of human resources in tourism.3.3.8. Strengthening inter-agency coordinationClose linking between heritage management with managementunits of industrial development and urban management. Building rapidhandling mechanisms in case of appearance of the adverse impacts ofindustrialization and urbanization to the ruins. Discussion and agreementbetween the parties in quick and reasonable manner to make themonuments to avoid the risk of occupy and directly affect the value ofsuch monuments.Sub-conclusionBac Ninh Province with rapid socio-economic growth, the processof industrialization and urbanization at provincial level causes bothpositive and negative way to the ruins.From the management status of historical cultural relics, thedissertation proposes some solutions to improve the efficiency of thiswork. These solutions focus on the role of state management, to enhance 21the role and participation of the communities where existing monuments.Coordination mechanisms between the participants are one of the factorsto bring success in management. In addition, the solutions ofmechanisms and policies, enhanced professional activities andexploitation of the value of relics in reasonable and effective way... arealso mentioned.CONCLUSION1. With the object as management of historical-cultural relics in aparticular location, the theory of cultural heritage management isdetermined as a basis for the study of specific contents. The theory ofcultural heritage management has been paid attention by many domesticand foreign scholars. The study focuses on two contents that areconservation and promotion of heritage values for overall socialdevelopment. It also highlights the role of heritage managementcommunity. Conservation, preservation of cultural heritage is intendedfor the community and the community is considered as partner, anintegral part of the heritage management. Conservation and preservationof relics respect to the intangible heritage value contained in it.Cultural heritage plays an important role: as the property of thecommunity, as development resource, as the soul linking the communityto preserve identity in the period of industrialization and urbanization toform new value system. In terms of strong industrialization andurbanization has impact on the monument as well as managementactivities in both positive and negative way. Socio-economicdevelopment is also associated with social relationships betweenconservation and development, priority in selecting problems.2. Bac Ninh’s cultural heritage is very abundant and diversified.Historical cultural relics play an important role, including many differenttypes. Such relics contain the value of history - culture - science andaesthetics. This is a great potentiality for socio-economic development, 22particularly associated with the development of local tourism. Economicdevelopment resulted from the process of industrialization andurbanization has an impact on the field of culture, the village modelchanged in comparison with the past, the historical cultural relics arealso resisted by this effect. The previous studies on the heritagemanagement in Bac Ninh has not yet mentioned the management issuesin the development process of industrialization and urbanization withimplications for the historical cultural relics and community psychology,not yet put relics in the relation to the local development. The preservedrelics will contribute to the conservation of national cultural identity, butin the context of the current development, such relics need to beexploited to bring benefits to the community and the society.Exploitation must be reasonable and harmonized with the developmentprocess and sure of sustainability. Solving this content with specificarguments will be orientation to provide solutions on preservation andpromotion of historic-cultural heritage value at the present.3. The key role of State in the management of cultural heritage isreflected in the management hierarchy: powers and particular obligationsof preservation and promotion of heritage value are specified at eachlevel. Managerial decentralization to the commune/ward level has shownconsistency, synchronization and specification in management. At thelocal level, participants of heritage management unit are authorities andrepresentatives of the community. In fact, through the surveys, there arenow three management models including State management model, selfmanagement model of community and private management, of whichself-management model of community is existed in most of the rankedrelics. The role of the community is evident at mostly through thismodel, people are proactive in protecting the ruins of the village,mobilizing social resources to carry out the repair, restoration formonuments, and conduct activities to introduce and promote the value oflocal monuments. However, the autonomous model of the community, 23not all the case of relics always achieve the desired effect, manyshortcomings appear in the management process. For an effectivemanagement model, it needs different factors, including ethical issues,self-discipline, transparency of those who are selected to participate inthe conduct of management, particularly issues related to finance. Theimplementation of responsibilities, the behavior of local governments forheritage management, with the local community as well as the factorsalso contributes to the success or failure in the management of culturalheritage.4. The dissertation has focused research and analysis of the actualmanagement of cultural heritage in Bac Ninh Province in recent years,especially two basic contents as heritage conservation for preserving andpromoting the monuments. On the other hand, the monument should beexploited, and promoted the value to meet the needs of culturalenjoyment of the community. Thereby, the dissertation initially providesan assessment of the effectiveness of these activities. The assessment isnot only based on the statistical figures of the managerial agency, butalso based on the evaluation and feedback from the community.5. In the context of the current development, the government andpeople of Bac Ninh Province are interested in investment forconservation, preservation and promotion of the values of culturalheritage by mechanisms, policies and more specific actions. Effectiveheritage management will be the basis for the implementation of localsocio-economic development, put the monument to become a particularproduct to attract inbound and outbound tourists to Bac Ninh.Identifying such targets, the author's dissertation proposes somesolutions to improve the management efficiency of local heritage ascompletingmanagement apparatus, developing policies of topinvestment for preservation and promotion of the heritage value,investing for key human resources in management, mobilizing andenhancing the role of the community in a rational exploitation of 24resources for the tourism development, contributing to the overalldevelopment of the locality.Solutions are the scientific viewpoints that can help local managersfor reference in making mechanisms, policies and appropriate measuresto strengthen and speed up management of historical culture, contributeto the cultural traditional heritage to have active role in the socioeconomic development in sustainable way.6. The content of the dissertation research on the management ofthe monument were carried out in accordance with the Law on culturalheritage contents of cultural heritage management, conservation andpromotion of the values of cultural heritage. Effectiveness of specificmanagement actions relics are presented in the thesis content contributeto spiritual that Resolution No.33-NQ/TW about building anddeveloping Vietnamese culture and people with the task: "Mobilizing thepower of society to preserve and promote traditional cultural values" and"Develop mechanisms to solve logical, harmonious preservation andpromotion of cultural heritage with economic development - social.Conservation and renovation of historical monuments - typical culture,serves traditional education and economic development; mountsconserve and promote cultural heritage with tourism development "...7. Through the research findings, the author is aware of issuesrelated to the historical-cultural heritage system not only in themanagement, conservation and promotion of the value, but also thebreath of present life, containing many scientific issues need to beidentified and set out to study. In many accessible issues, some flexibleresearches may be continued, for example: studying the change ofcommunity awareness of the role and position of the relics in modernlife; building management model for cultural heritage in the urbanizationareas; the role of the community in the protection of cultural heritage inthe era of industrialization and modernization... LIST OF PUBLICATIONS RELATED TO THE DISSERTATIONWRITTEN BY THE DOCTORAL CANDIDATE1. Tran Duc Nguyen (2011), “Preserving and promoting the valuesof the monuments in Nhu Nguyet River banks”, Journal of CulturalStudies, No.6, p.38 - 43.2. Tran Duc Nguyen (2013), “The role of the community in theprotection of historical and cultural monuments (through case of BacNinh)”, Journal of Cultural Studies, No.6, p.55 - 61.3. Tran Duc Nguyen (2014), “The typical historic revolution inBac Ninh”, Journal of Cultural Studies, No.8, p.37 - 44. [...]... some ruins 2.3.7 Coordination and cooperation on the protection and promotion of the value of historical cultural relics Coordination and cooperation is carried out in two major forms including: coordination with other domestic agencies and organizations and with international organizations to implement conservation programs, promotion of heritage value or calling, rising the funding for this program... 13 according to law Coordinating with relevant agencies to organize periodic inspection and handling of complaints of violations of the monument 2.4 Assessment of the advantages and limitations of the management of historical and cultural relics in Bac Ninh Province * About advantages - About organization management structure: decentralized management to the commune level Developing a coordination... Currently, Bac Ninh has 15 industrial zones with a total area 17 of 6,847 hectares Along with industrial parks, industrial clusters of trade villages formed and developed in all districts of the Province has been a key factor for industrialization Many traditional villages have been restored, maintained and developed new occupations At the present, there are 62 handicraft villages with over 200 different... in Nhu Nguyet River banks”, Journal of Cultural Studies, No.6, p.38 - 43 2 Tran Duc Nguyen (2013), “The role of the community in the protection of historical and cultural monuments (through case of Bac Ninh) ”, Journal of Cultural Studies, No.6, p.55 - 61 3 Tran Duc Nguyen (2014), “The typical historic revolution in Bac Ninh , Journal of Cultural Studies, No.8, p.37 - 44 ... at the district cultural office in charge of heritage management has graduate and postgraduate education accounting for 100% However, their training field is not consistent with the requirements of the management of cultural heritage 2.3 Management activities of historical - cultural relics in Bac Ninh Province 2.3.1 Building the planning, the plan and heritage conservation project 2.3.1.1 Building the... handicraft villages with over 200 different industries Along with the industrialization process in Bac Ninh, there is a strong urbanization The urbanization process is mostly concentrated in Bac Ninh city and Tu Son town Average urbanization speed in the period 2006 - 2010 reached 15% / year The strong urbanization process in densely populated areas, industrial zones, the areas along the highway 1A,... conditions for the planning socio-economic development of present sectors of Bac Ninh 3.3.4 Mechanisms and policies - Increasing investment for the protection and promotion of the value of historical cultural relics - Developing mechanisms and policies to encourage and monitor the investment resources from the community for preservation and promotion of the monument value - There are subsidies to directly... heritage; developing a unique tourism product; investing for upgrading and building new infrastructure for tourist attractions and improving the quality of human resources in tourism 3.3.8 Strengthening inter-agency coordination Close linking between heritage management with management units of industrial development and urban management Building rapid handling mechanisms in case of appearance of the adverse... of strong industrialization and urbanization has impact on the monument as well as management activities in both positive and negative way Socio-economic development is also associated with social relationships between conservation and development, priority in selecting problems 2 Bac Ninh s cultural heritage is very abundant and diversified Historical cultural relics play an important role, including... for the management of historical cultural relics in Bac Ninh Province at the present 3.1.1 The situation of industrialization, urbanization in Bac Ninh In recent years, the socio-economy of Bac Ninh Province has flourished and risen to the top of the Provinces in the northern key economic region Previously, mainly agricultural production, Bac Ninh has shifted to development of industry - urban - services; ... which is diverse both in forms and types According to statistics, there remain approximately 2,000 historical - cultural relics distributed throughout the districts, towns and cities in Bac Ninh. .. in the region Bac Ninh is steeped in local cultural and historical tradition These elements of nature and social history as above has contributed to Bac Ninh s treasure of diversified cultural... planning, master planning and conservation projects have not been discussed and deeply studied For Bac Ninh in particular, in addition to the limitations above, there is no specific and systematical
- Xem thêm -

Xem thêm: Tóm tắt luận án tiến sĩ quản lý di tích lịch sử văn hóa ở bắc ninh trong quá trình công nghiệp hóa, đô thị hóa (TT) , Tóm tắt luận án tiến sĩ quản lý di tích lịch sử văn hóa ở bắc ninh trong quá trình công nghiệp hóa, đô thị hóa (TT) , Tóm tắt luận án tiến sĩ quản lý di tích lịch sử văn hóa ở bắc ninh trong quá trình công nghiệp hóa, đô thị hóa (TT)

Từ khóa liên quan

Gợi ý tài liệu liên quan cho bạn

Nhận lời giải ngay chưa đến 10 phút Đăng bài tập ngay