An investigation into warm - up activities to motivate the 12th graders in English speaking lessons at Nghi Loc 3 high school

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MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING VINH UNIVERSITY THAI THI KIM ANH AN INVESTIGATION INTO WARM - UP ACTIVITIES TO MOTIVATE THE 12 TH GRADERS IN ENGLISH SPEAKING LESSONS AT NGHI LOC 3 HIGH SCHOOL MASTER’S THESIS IN EDUCATION NGHE AN - 2014 2 MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING VINH UNIVERSITY THAI THI KIM ANH AN INVESTIGATION INTO WARM - UP ACTIVITIES TO MOTIVATE THE 12 TH GRADERS IN ENGLISH SPEAKING LESSONS AT NGHI LOC 3 HIGH SCHOOL Major: Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL) Code: 60140111 MASTER’S THESIS IN EDUCATION Supervisor: NGÔ ĐÌNH PHƯƠNG, Assoc. Prof., Ph.D Nghe An, 2014 4 STATEMENT OF AUTHORSHIP I hereby declare that this thesis is my own work and effort and that has not been submitted anywhere for any award. I certify that the thesis “An investigation into warm - up activities to motivate the 12 th graders in English speaking lessons at Nghi Loc 3 high school” is the result of my own study and that it has not been submitted to any other university or institution wholly or partially. i ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I am grateful to many people for their thoughtful help given to me in doing this study. Firstly, I would like to express my deepest gratitude to my supervisor - Mr. Ngo Dinh Phuong for his insightful comments and suggestions on various parts of this thesis. My thanks also go to all my lecturers from the Post Graduate Studies Department, Foreign Languages Department - Vinh University for their useful and interesting lectures to finish the study. I am most thankful to all my teachers of English and students in Nghi Loc 3 high school for their support in data collection. Finally my special thanks go to my family, for their love and support throughout this project. Without their encouragement I could not have completed this thesis. ii ABSTRACT For some recent years, English has played more and more important part in Vietnam, therefore, it has been taught in Vietnamese high schools as a compulsory subject. So far, there have been remarkable changes in the way of teaching and learning English. However, English teaching in general and teaching speaking in particular still is far from satisfactory. How to motivate students to speak is really necessary, and is a big question to almost teachers in Vietnam now. It is also the question that has inspired me to investigate the use of language games in warm-up activities to motivate 12th grade students to speak in speaking lessons. In attempt to fulfill my thesis, the following process is made: Firstly, the theoretical background of language games speaking skill and motivation is presented. Then, the survey questionnaire for students was delivered to study the need of playing games in English speaking lessons. Besides, the interview teachers has been carried out to collect the information about the using language games in warm-up activities. In addition, the researcher has observed some speaking lessons to find out the fact of using language games in warm-up activities. From these methods, some suggestions have been drawn out to help use language games more effectively. It is hoped that this thesis will be found of value to those who have great interest in using language games in warm-up activities in speaking lessons. iii TABLE OF CONTENTS Page STATEMENT OF AUTHORSHIP i ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ii ABSTRACT iii TABLE OF CONTENTS iv LIST OF TABLES vii Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION 1 1. Rationale of the study 1 2. The aims of the study 1 3. Research questions 2 4. Scope of the study 2 5. Methods of study 2 6. Organization of the study 3 Chapter 2 THEORETICAL BACKGROUND 4 2.1. Speaking skill: 4 2.1.1. Definition of speaking 4 2.1.2. The importance of speaking in language teaching programs 6 2.1.3. Factors affecting English speaking abilities 8 2.1.4. Problems with speaking activity 9 2.1.5. What Makes Speaking a foreign Language Difficult? 10 2.2. Teaching English Speaking Communicatively 14 2.2.1. An overview on Communicative Approach 14 2.2.2. Principles to teach speaking skill in C.A 15 2.2.3. Principles for Teaching English Speaking in CLT 16 2.2.4. Communicative Activities for Teaching Speaking 17 2.3. Purpose of communicative activities 23 2.3.1. Communicative activities improve motivation 23 2.3.2. Communicative activities allow natural learning 23 2.3.3. Communicative activities can creat a context which supports learning 23 2.4. Speaking activities 23 2.4.1. A successful speaking activity 23 2.4.2. Problems with speaking activities 24 iv 2.5. Warm – up activities in speaking class 25 2.5.1. Definition of warm – up activities 25 2.5.2. Teaching aims of using warm- up activities 26 2.5.3. Disadvantages of warm – up activities 29 2.5.4. The role of the teacher in warm – up activities 31 2.5.5. How to organize warm – up activities: 31 2.6. General characteristics of the 12th graders 33 2.6.1. The situation of using communicative activities in teaching speaking the 12th graders in high schools 33 2.6.2. Principles of using warm up activities in speaking class in high school 34 Chapter 3 METHODOLOGY 37 3.1. The Context of the Study 37 3.1.1. Description of the participants 37 3.1.2. Desciption of the English 12 textbook 38 3.2. The Research Methodology 39 3.2.1. The Participants 39 3.2.2. The Instruments of the Study 39 Chapter 4 DATA ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION 42 4.1. Finding 42 4.1.1. Questionnaires and Interviews for students 42 4.1.2. Questionnaire and Interviews for teachers 51 4.2. The class observations 55 4.3. Conclusion 57 Chapter 5 CONCLUSION 59 5.1. Findings 59 5.1.1. The benefits of using language games in warm-up activities in speaking lessons 59 5.1.2. The frequency of using language games 60 5.1.3. Difficulties in organizing and playing language games 60 5.1.4. Suggestions on using language games in warm-up activities in speaking v lesson 61 5.2. Recommendations 61 5.2.1. Takings the students’ personal factors and proficiency into consideration 61 5.2.2. Using language games in a flexible and appropriate way 62 5.2.3. Using variety of language games 63 REFERENCES 64 APPENDIXES 1 vi [...]... students to learn, warm- up activities should be stressed Using language games in warm- up activities becomes a good choice The main reasons above lead me to my choice of the subject: An investigation into warm - up activities to motivate the 12TH graders in English speaking lessons at Nghi Loc 3 high school 2 The aims of the study The study will emphasize the main following purposes: 1 Providing the basic... basic literature review in terms of speaking, motivation and language game 2 Investigating the effectiveness of using language games in warm- up activities in speaking lessons of grade 12 in Nghi Loc high school 1 3 Providing some suggestions and implications for the improvement of speaking teaching in Nghi Loc High School in terms of using language games in warm- up activities 3 Research questions The research... research plans to address the following questions: Question 1: Are the students interested in taking part in warm – up activities in English speaking class ? Question 2: What are students’ attitudes towards their involvement in warm – up activities? Question 3: How do the teachers use language games in warm- up activities in speaking teaching? Question 4: What techniques should be used to improve speaking. .. students to communicate well and exchange information and culture with others but also promote the integration of speaking, listening, reading and writing in the ways 7 that reflect natural language use Similarly, Brown, G and Yule, G (1992) point out that speaking plays an ever important role in a very transactional intention, that is, to make clear what they want to say From those points, we can come to. .. on speaking skill 42 Table 4.2: Students’ participation in speaking activities . 43 Table 4 .3: The frequency of using language games in warm- up activities 45 Table 4.4a: The students’ attitude toward language games in warm- up activities 46 Table 4.4b: Students’attitude towards teachers’ teaching speaking activities 47 Table 4.5: The effectiveness of language games in warm- up activities. .. controversial topic Different authors give different opinions about the principles of teaching speaking skills It is important to remember that the goal in language use is natural communication, that is why the principles to teach speaking are divided into groups basing on the level of students Forseth Et al (1994) presents principles in teaching speaking for the beginning level (students in secondary school) in. .. appreciated equally and no one feels dominated All is towards a positive feeling in the group When working in group, brainstorming can be very effective for bringing the full experience and creativity of all members of the group to bear on an issue Besides, it can help everyone believe that they’ve contributed creative ideas to the end solution What’s more, group brainstorming can produce ideas in more... However, the three most important factors are motivation, attitude and learning strategies Motivation is the first important factor affecting a language learner According to Gardner (2001), motivation refers to the driving force in any situation In the socio-educational model, motivation to learn the second language is viewed as requiring three elements First, the motivated individual expends effort to learn... is easier to use and it is not natural to speak to other in a foreign language In classes where all, or a number of, the learners share the same mother tongue, they may tend to use it because it is easier In addition, they feel unnatural to speak to one another in a foreign language and they feel less ‘exposed’ if they are speaking their mother tongue If they are talking in small groups it can be quite... key consideration in determining the preparation of learners to the communication to achieve the goal of learning the language plus favorable attitude towards learning the language That is, motivation to learn a second language is seen as referring to the extent to which the individual works or strikes to learn the language because of a desire to do so and the satisfaction experienced in 11 this activity . MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING VINH UNIVERSITY THAI THI KIM ANH AN INVESTIGATION INTO WARM - UP ACTIVITIES TO MOTIVATE THE 12 TH GRADERS IN ENGLISH SPEAKING LESSONS AT NGHI LOC 3 HIGH. choice of the subject: An investigation into warm - up activities to motivate the 12 TH graders in English speaking lessons at Nghi Loc 3 high school . 2. The aims of the study The study. investigation into warm - up activities to motivate the 12 th graders in English speaking lessons at Nghi Loc 3 high school is the result of my own study and that it has not been submitted to any other
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