Tuyển tập các đề thi thử tốt nghiệp và đại học môn vật lý 2015 (có đáp án)

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C A B R L V TUYN TP Đ THI TN QUC GIA & ĐI HC MÔN VT LÝ-2015     !" ############### Năm học: 2014-2015 $ %&' ĐỀ 1. THI THỬ TN& ĐI HC 2015 ()*+,+ /   Câu 1012*3*4526)2717892+:2/;7<=>?"@A ω BC .)6D"E=FGA)@!(C$.D"  HIJ9)=FG5CH=KA=K@=C L. 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Ω N>z)^7{7_Nz $ C π )6D" =+z  Cb. π )6D" (71647eJ9)EASFe96Z,q)9N["@Az7Q (71e96Z7EO7E*+ N$ π )6D" N UN$ob π )6D" N N$b. π )6D" NN VNb. π )6D" N Câu 15S,89+2saiIA=8"A7ec| N}A7ec*+"O*)9^82IY)R)7ec(,a':2( )N UN2"A7ecH7e(=+c(*9Y6)271*e/))9  π N N2"A7ecH7e(=+c(,a':2()=>s9IN VN}A7ec6s2Y=Y9^a!*+"A=Y9^aN Câu 16: 0171IY7P,1M/)2E716>7eS/52)^89Ay  C  HI7AY"9\R)71*+MHdInHe"@Y"9\R)~916[^*+2" ϕ C.Hw =+7eg9?R)~91*+ Ω NUa,)916[^R)713")2=+2E 7e")2N2t*_=YGh62])e2S916[^R)")2Ne9"9\ R)71*+ N-Hb•N UNoHb•N N Ho•N VN Hdd•N Câu 17: U)2*3*452$HHM7`;7<S789)9:2<O$HHMNFG[ ,qR),)=K6)271sq'17(;N!Z€5A/; 7<H@!)71g=FG[,q/6)271*?*_*+ 5 $ CM2"bπ• L π H5  C$Hb2"bπx L π =+5 M C M 2"bπ•ϕ M N QM=K6)271R)M2*3*9Y*9Yq'17(; A. M CM  =+ ϕ M C D  π − )6B. M CM  =+ ϕ M C D L π − )6 C. M C$Hb b =+ ϕ M C D  π − )6 D. M C$Hb b =+ ϕ M C$H$)6 L Câu 18: Tìm kết luận đúng về hiện tượng giao thoa ánh sáng N%)22)S"S*+"O{_/R))s"Sa9=+2s1~N UN%)22)R))s"Sc),A7‚h5^)Is7J9)IG*! "3N N%)22)S"Sh5^)7@=>SS"S7"3N VN%)22)S"Sh5^)I)s"AS"SIa_/7)5:=+2)9N Câu 19: V)271{_/R))6)2717894)s/Hs?"@A/ *71 ( ) cmtx       −= d b 2"M π π NUa6)271<\A/*71 ( ) cmtx       += d 2"b $ π π NV)271<)A/*71*+ N ( ) cmtx       += d 2"w  π π N UN ( ) cmtx       += d 2"  π π N N ( ) cmtx       −= d b 2"  π π N VN ( ) cmtx       −= d b 2"w  π π N Câu 20: U'71R)6)271X,<không/Z91 N),)7?9R)2E*O9?2+S6Z*'=KN UNU'71R)2E*O9?2+S6Z*'=KN N?"@R)2E*O9?2+S6Z*'=KN VN e"@*OR))"S> S6Z*'=KN Câu 21: 01E6)271P1Z7e=+1916[^9?A&C$. xL  N (71647eE^J9)916[^A,Q9<C.H.L2"N$. o • N  π UQ9< e97eam)),Z*+ N9  Cw.2"N$. o   N UN9  C$ 2"N$. o   N N9  Cw.2"N$. o •  π  N VN9  C$ 2"N$. o •  π  N Câu 22: <eE b N*+e_1E[\`\/Z12N UN?1e71)2>Oe7_N N\/Z1e*_*>N VN27AHE[S9^'ƒ,F9^+S9*2N Câu 23:E)7QHU'`>A)9P"AIa_/9  CL2"$. π x d π   =+9 U C2"$. π • d π  NU'71"A{_/E97QR)U*+ NMN UNbN N o N VNdN Câu 24:01"_6[^„/6+$H7_t)/G)6>1)[7eN2 647e52)^89E^J9))[7e'6[^„/59\e"A6c=>d ,Z"A=>)7?9*+)NTa9@719^8"A'6[^*+.D"?"@R) 647e52)^89*+ A. b.l B. d.l C. bl D. $ l Câu 25:P=F U ML - ")919~/A5E…=+ − β ,a7{+ , .d w N}@/A5E… =+ − β 29~*+ No/A5E…HL/A5E − β u UNb/A5E…Hb/A5E − β N$./A5E…Hw/A5E − β u VN$d/A5E…H$/A5E − β Câu 26: 01\/A5EA9Ir,S†*+Md.(N*\^)"ƒ6ZI@*_ h4$DMI@*_*>K=8N()c*>K=87a*"ƒ6Z*+ Nb.+^N UNd.+^N Nob+^N VNwb+^N Câu 27: S,Q9+26>7[^=>2*376)2717894)*+không 7| N1th*e=>,/@71R)=KN UNath*e=>,/@71AR)=KN Nath*e=>,/*71AR)=KN VNtIY7{:2()=+h*e=>,/,'71AN d Câu 28: 012*37A896+*H2I2()‡AOe7_d6)2 71NT(),>716+R)A7$dHˆ2I2()‡> AOe7_$.6)271N896+,)7?9R)2*3*+ N*CbN UN*CbN N*C-N VN*C-N Câu 29: A"A6c'1"_6[^7+PHI2Sc1,Z7a? A\,qN1,>"AN UN1ƒ),>"AN N1/?,>"AN VN1"@9^'*?,>"AN Câu 30: 0172EEP916[^A7eg9?C$ M Ω HA71O&@ a/=>Z7eA7e69CbN$. xb D π p N`=+2)7?972EE17eS/52)^ 899Cy . 2"$ π x L π  ,Q9<(71647e<(J9)E*+C  2"$ π x $ π  N%SFR)&,q N π dH.  N UN π bH.  N N π LH.  N VN π $  N Câu 31: Y<7QGI2=[i 2e _)22)S"S7"3 N Ni D a λ = UN N a i D λ = N Na i D λ = VN D i a λ = Câu 32: 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),<5E7"3A,>"A µλ d.MH. $ = =+  λ \^=["S,KMR),<5E  λ  s=>=["S,KR),<5E $ λ NU>"A  λ ,q N.HL. µ N UN.Hb. µ N N.Ho.d µ N VN.Hod. µ N Câu 40: /S,Q9sai=8*OE[ N h*+*ON UN 91*2E*OSEN N AF"@*>*O7Š^9*Ym)S/22N VN *+*OIS9*Yg?)9=+*+*O7Š^IS9*Yg5))9N w Câu 41: 2Ge)22)S"S=>I:29H)I:} $ H}  7_a9,q ),<5E7"3A,>"A µλ d.MH. $ = =+  λ \^=["S,KMR),<5E  λ  s=>=[@<LR),<5E $ λ NU>"A  λ ,q N.Ho.b µ N UN.Ho.Mb µ N N.Ho.Lb µ N VN.Hod  µ N Câu 42:N)*)l:khôngA7`7Q+2")97[^| A. 717"3)2 B. Y"9\*> C.717F>)2 D.(71*> Câu 43: 0E7e52)^89i&3@a/7)AGISHIt?"@R) 647e52)^89e"@Y"9\R)E NY)^7{NUNtN N%N VNUq$N Câu 44: 01@E2)‹/S),<5EA,>"A]\*+MN$. x$. NUaCMN$. w  D"uCdHdbN$. xML Œ"N1tR)'*:2I7K/=+2)@*+ N$-HwobN$. x$d ŒN UN$-HwobN$. x$- ŒN NdHdbN$. x$d ŒN VNdHdbN$. x$- ŒN Câu 45: 2Gex[=8)22)S"SH)I:7_a9,qS"S 7"3A,>"AλNTa9E7Q0'+J9)"SA=[@e97(7R) S"Sc)I:7a7Q0A71*>]\,q N L λ N UNλN N  λ N VNλN Câu 46: 2E7eM/)7@5<HI(71647eJ9)1/)*+O7E 647eJ9))/)I)a+2| NA(71,q$DM(71O7EHs89=>64' UNA(71,q$DM(71O7EH_89=>64' NA(71,q$D(71O7EHs89=>64' VNA(71,q$D(71O7EH_89=>64' Câu 47: 2J9)/{=ER)9^'ƒ72H=E<=>"O6F9^QR) :*:2cJ9•7E20=8J9•7E2*+ µλ $.dH. $ = H=E<=>,>"A6+\ 26†^U)x:*+ µλ dbddH.  = NU>"A6+\R)6†^&)x)*+ N.H.d.w µ N UN.H$$d µ N N.H$wL µ N VN.HLM µ N - Câu 48 V47e52)^89272EEhA7eg9? N*9Y*e/)πD"2=>e97eag)7?972EEN UNs?"@=+s/)=>e97eag)7?972EEN NASFe96Zh*e9K=>7egR)EN VNs?"@=>e97eag)7?972EE=+A/),)7?9*9Y,q.N Câu 49: 2*3*4526)2717894), ItI@*_R)=K*' L*??"@ 6)271R)=KANt*'L*?. B. 7L*?. C. t*'*?. D. 7*?N Câu 50: 012*3*452P1J9?9]I@*_$ H*452A71<L.TD 7_:2;7<NT[J9?9*';7<,q*OpC.HwT2>IJ9?9 7<^'P,9Y)^2=K6)271N&O7+PO7E=+OQ9S6Z*'S :2*+A.$HwT=+.TB.$T=+.HT C..HwT=+.HTD.$HwT=+.HT#  Đ 2. THI THỬ ĐI HC Thời gian làm bài 90 phút, không kể thời gian phát đề Câu 1:01916[^A7eg9? Ω= M$ R =+71O&3@a/=>1 72EE‹A{gŽ ‹ P3=+27eS/A52)^89ASFe96Z$.H? "@b.l\^647eJ9)E7eA(71e96Z,q.HM=+K/) M. . "2=>7eS/m))7?9ENY"9\'9Z'72EE‹,q $. [...]... cú t cam 0,5/ (H), mt hiu in th xoay chiu n nh Khi hiu in th tr tc thi 60 6 (V) thi cng dũng in tc 35 thi l - 2 (A) v khi hiu in th tr tc thi 60 2 (V) thi cng dũng in tc thi l 6 (A) Tớnh tn s dũng in A 50 Hz B 60 Hz C 65 Hz D 68 Hz cõu 16 Một cuộn dây có điện trở R, độ tự cảm L = 1 103 H mắc nối tiếp với tụ điện C1 = F 4 3 rồi mắc vào hiệu điện thế xoay chiều có tần số 50Hz khi thay tụ C 1 bằng tụ... khụng phõn nhỏnh, bit biu thc hiu in th trờn cỏc on AM, MB ln lt l: uAM = 40sin(t + /6)(V); uMB = 50sin(t + /2)(V) Xỏc nh hiu in th cc i gia hai im A,B? A 90(V) B 72,5(V) C 60,23(V) D 78,1(V) Ht Đề 4 thi thử đại học 2015 Thời gian làm bài 90 phút (50câu trắc nghiêm) cõu 1 Mt lũ xo nh cú cng k, mt u treo vo mt im c nh, u di treo vt nng 100g Kộo vt nng xung di theo phng thng ng ri buụng nh Vt dao ng iu hũa... súng = 0,75 m thi ti v trớ M trờn mn l võn sỏng bc 5 Thay ỏnh sỏng trờn bng ỏnh sỏng n sc khỏc cú bc súng thi thy ti M l võn ti th 8 (tớnh t võn trung tõm) Bc súng bng A 0,45 m B 0,6 m C 0,5 m D 0,54 m Cõu 46: Trong s phỏt quang, thi gian phỏt quang A l khoang thi gian t luc ngng kớch thớch n luc ngng phỏt quang B l khoang thi gian t luc bt u kớch thớch n luc ngng phỏt quang C l khoang thi gian t luc... bng in ỏp hiu dng gia hai u mch thi f cú giỏ tr l A 50 Hz B 70,7Hz C 444,3 Hz D 60,7 Hz Cõu 50: Trong thớ nghim Young v giao thoa ỏnh sỏng , trờn mt on MN ca mn quan sỏt , khi dựng ỏnh sỏng vng cú bc súng 0,6àm thi quan sỏt c 17 võn sỏng (Ti M v N l võn sỏng) Nu dựng ỏnh sỏng cú bc súng 0,48àm thi s võn sỏng quan sỏt c trờn on MN l : A 20 B 25 C 21 D 17 ấ 3 THI TH AI HOC (Thi gian lm bi 90 phỳt) 21 Cõu... Cho mch chon súng cng hng gm cun cam v mt t xoay Khi in dung ca t l C1 thi mch thu c súng cú bc súng 1 = 10 m, khi t cú in dung C 2 thi mch thu c súng cú bc súng 2 =20 m Khi t in cú in dung C3 = C1 + 2C2 thi mch thu uc súng cú bc súng 3 bng A 15 m B 14,1 m C 30 m D 22,2 m Cõu 20: Dõy AB = 40 cm cng ngang, hai u c nh, khi cú súng dng thi ti M l bng th 4 (k t B), bit BM = 14 cm Tng s bng v nut súng trờn... 7,9 MeV B 2005,5 MeV C 8,15 MeV D 211,8 MeV Cõu 39: Chon phỏt biu sai: Trong mch dao ng LC, A dũng in chy qua cun dõy bin thi n iu hũa theo thi gian B dũng in chy qua cun dõy l dũng cỏc ht tai in C dũng in chy qua vựng khụng gian gia hai ban t tng ng vi mt in trng bin thi n theo thi gian D dũng in chy qua vựng khụng gian gia hai ban t l dũng cỏc ht tai in Cõu 40: Thc hin thớ nghim giao thoa bng khe... (m/s2) Thi im ban u vt cú vn tc + 1,5m/s v th nng ang tng Hi vo thi im no sau õy vt cú gia tc bng +15 (m/s2): A 0,10s; B 0,15s; C 0,20s D 0,06s; 31 Cõu 49: t in ỏp xoay chiu u = U 2 cos(100 t ) V vo on mch RLC Bit R = 100 2 , t in cú in dung thay i c Khi in dung t in ln lt l C1 = 25/ ( à F ) v C2 = 125 / 3 ( à F ) thi in ỏp hiu dng trờn t cú cựng giỏ tr in ỏp hiu dng trờn in tr R t cc i thi giỏ... im M nm gn ngun súng hn Ti thi im t, im N h xung thp nht Hi sau ú thi gian ngn nht l bao nhiờu thi im M s h xung thp nht? A 3 (s) 20 B 3 (s) 80 C 7 (s) 160 D 1 (s) 160 Cõu 17: Mt con lc n cú chiu di l = 0,249 m, qua cu nh cú khi lng m = 100 g Cho nú dao ng ti ni cú gia tc trong trng g = 9,8 m/s 2 vi biờn gúc 0 = 0,07 rad trong mụi trng di tỏc dng ca lc can (cú ln khụng i) thi nú s dao ng tt dn cú cựng... ) thi chu k dao ng ca K k1 k2 con lc mi l: A T B 2T C T 2 D T 2 Cõu 15 Hai con lc n dao ng nh vi chu ki T 1 = 1,5s v T2 = 2s trong hai mt phng thng ng v song song vi nhau Ti mt thi im t hai qua cu ca hai con lc u i qua v trớ cõn bng theo cựng mt chiu, khoang thi gian ngn nht sau ú hin tng trờn lp li l A 4 2s B 6s C 12s D 3s 24 Cõu 16: Khi nh ang nghe i phỏt thanh m cú ai ú cm rut bp in, bn l thi. .. 2(cm) B 4(cm) C 5(cm) D 3(cm) Cõu 28: : Cho mch in RLC, t in cú in dung C thay i iu chnh in dung sao cho in ỏp hiu dng ca t t giỏ tr cc i, khi ú in ỏp hiu dng trờn R l 75 V Khi in ỏp tc thi hai u mch l 75 6 V thi in ỏp tc thi ca on mch RL l 25 6 V in ỏp hiu dng ca on mch l A 75 6 V B 75 3 V C 150 V D 150 2 V Cõu 29: Tt ca cỏc phụtụn truyn trong chõn khụng cú cựng A tn s B bc súng C tc D nng lng Cõu .  !" ############### Năm học: 2014 -2015 $ %&' ĐỀ 1. THI THỬ TN& ĐI HC 2015 ()*+,+ / . C A B R L V TUYN TP Đ THI TN QUC GIA & ĐI HC MÔN VT LÝ -2015   . H*452A71<L.TD 7_:2;7<NT[J9?9*';7<,q*OpC.HwT2>IJ9?9 7<^'P,9Y)^2=K6)271N&O7+PO7E=+OQ9S6Z*'S :2*+A.$HwT=+.TB.$T=+.HT C..HwT=+.HTD.$HwT=+.HT#  Đ 2. THI THỬ ĐI HC Thời gian làm bài 90 phút, không kể thời gian phát đề Câu 1:01916[^A7eg9? Ω= M$ R =+71O&3@a/=>1 72EE‹A{gŽ ‹ P3=+27eS/A52)^89ASFe96Z$.H? "@b.l^647eJ9)E7eA(71e96Z,q.HM=+K/) M. . "2=>7eS/m))7?9ENY"9'9Z'72EE‹,q $. A.
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