bài tập dành cho học sinh giỏi

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Ngày đăng: 03/07/2014, 03:00

I. Read the passage below then pick out ONE best option ( A,B,C or D ) to complete each sentence. RED KERCHIEFS IN THE COUNTRY OF THE DOLLAR The story of the Young Pioneer Movement in the United States was written by one of the former American Young Pioneers, Harry Eisman who lived in the USSR from 1931. In1974 he visited New York, where he went to see his old school and other places of his childhood. Young Pioneer detachments were first formed in Chicago in 1923. In the beginning they were young pioneer clubs, where children learnt revolutionary songs, studied the history of the workers’ movement, went in for sports and games. But life in the United States was very hard in those days for the workers’ families and the young pioneers took an active part in the workers’ struggle for their rights. One of the most important events of those days was the strike of the textile workers in New Jersey, which went on for eleven months. The owners of the textile mills did everything to break the strike. They engaged strike-breakers to work in the mills, sent the police to arrest the workers’ pickets around the mills, but the workers did not stop the strike. They were supported by progressive people all over the country. A powerful national campaign of solidarity was begun. Everywhere people collected money, clothes and food. The pioneers also took an active part in this struggle. They organized children’s clubs with kitchens to feed the children of the striking workers. Young pioneers also visited many flats and collected money and warm clothes. One day, they decided to visit Passaic and meet the children of the striking workers. Louis Obgiler had a small Ford wagon. He loved children and decided to help them. On Saturday morning his wagon, all decorated with calls to support the strike, stood ready to receive the pioneers. It was too small to take all those who wished to go, so some had to remain in New York. They arrived in Passaic on Sunday and went at once to the strike committee where the children were already waiting for their New York guests. The New York pioneers had collected enough money to open a kitchen where the children whose fathers or mothers were on strike could get a hot meal. After the meal the children remained to play, sing songs and listen to stories about the workers struggling against the capitalists. In those years in sixty-three cities and towns of the United States there were young pioneer detachments. Pioneers were given membership cards and before receiving them they took the Young Pioneer Oath: “ I promise to be true to the Workers’ Red Banner and to the cause it serves. We have one aim in our life- to liberate the working class.” Every young pioneer meeting began with these words. The young pioneers had red kerchiefs but they could not wear them in school because pioneer activity was forbidden in schools, they wore them only on the First of May, at the workers’ meeting or in the pioneer camp. 1. Harry Eisman A. was one of the former American Young Pioneers. B. was born in the USSR in 1931. C. wrote the story of the Young Pioneer Movement in the United States. D. Both A and C are correct. 2. In the beginning, young pioneer detachments were formed as a place for children A. to play some games after school. B. to work hard after school. C. to learn songs, history of the workers’ movement or play sports and games. D. to take part in the workers’ struggle for their rights. 3. In those days, there was. A. a strike of textile workers in New Jersey for 11 months. B. a strike of textile workers in New York for 11 months. C. a struggle for the workers’ families for 11 months. D. a struggle for the rights of the young pioneers. 4. The owners of the textile mills A. made their supports to the workers’ families. B. did everything to break the strike. C. asked the police to protect the workers’ pickets around the mills. D. approved with the workers’ demands. 5. The workers A. did not stop but continued to go on the strike. B. stopped their strike and went back to their mills for work. C. went around the country to ask for supports from progressive people. D. collected money, clothes and food for their children. 6. Young pioneers A. went on the strike together with the workers. B. sent their solidarity to the striking workers. C. organized all kinds of supports to the children of the striking workers. D. organized kitchens to feed the striking workers. 7. A group of young pioneers from New York A. went to Passaic, New Jersey to visit the children of the striking workers. B. opened a kitchen to supply a hot meal to those children. C. supplied a big sum of money to the striking workers. D. Both A and B are correct. 8. Young pioneers in those years A. wore their red kerchiefs when they went to schools. B. wore their red kerchiefs at many places but schools. C. got their membership cards from their schools. D. had to say aloud the Young Pioneer Oath in the beginning of their classes. II Fill in each numbered blank in the passage with ONE suitable word to complete its meaning : For the first ten years, girls and boys grow at almost exactly the same rate. Then ( 1 ) … suddenly start to grow more quickly than boys. As a result, girls at the age of thirteen are taller, ( 2 )… and stronger than boys. At about the age of fourteen, the average girl starts to grow( 3 )… rapidly and the average boy catches up and then surpasses her. Unlike girls, boys do not stop growing when they are fifteen or sixteen. They keep growing , ( 4 )… more slowly, until they are about twenty. Then they begin to shrink, very slowly but surely .Their weight, however,usually goes on ( 5 )… until they are in their forties. To keep fit, they must cut the fats from their diet as well as exercise. In addition, adolescents undergo changes in facial appearance. The lower half of his or her face changes its ( 6 )… The jaw becomes longer and juts out more. As a result, the chin becomes much more pointed , and the mouth becomes( 7 )… At the same time the nose also becomes slightly longer. In other ( 8 )… , the “baby-face” look disappears.These changes are all part of growing up. III Fill in each blank in these sentences with the suitable form of the words in brackets : 1. The increase of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere has… …greatly on the earth climate recently. ( effect ) 2. Recycling of wastes is one of the …… …solutions for pollution. ( practice ) 3. …… …countries such as the United States and Japan should help poor countries in many aspects. ( development ) 4. Most…… ….at the international workshop in Tokyo focused on the increase of the earth temperature. (environment ) 5. Road accident is one of our serious… ……problems nowadays. ( society ) 6. Sir Isaac Newton was an English…… ….scientist. ( stand ) 7. The…… for modern school takes a lot of money. ( equip ) 8. It seems…… to inhabit on the dark side of the moon. ( possible ) IV. Finish the second sentences so that it means the same as the first one . 1. Mary hasn’t made any long trip for five years. The last … … 2. We have to water these young trees during the dry season. These young trees … …. 3. They have warmed their cattle stables since the first days of the chilly period. Their cattle stables … … 4. Mrs Laurence says to David, “ Don’t forget to put on your coat, son !” Mrs Laurence tells … …… 5. Minh cannot make a trip to Sapa. He cannot watch the snow falling there. Minh wishes … 6. It was too cold for children to go to school. It was not …… 7. Factories are polluting the river water. Fish cannot live there. If ……… 8. A lot of children and old people have to go to hospitals because of the cold climate. Because … V. These paragraphs or sentences ( A – H ) are not in a good order. Rearrange them into a good order ( 1 – 8 ) to make it a logical meaningful passage: A. Anyone can try to make a drink which tastes similar to Coca-Cola. Chemists say that it consists almost entirely of carbonated water and sugar. B. In only a few years Coca-Cola became the national drink of the United States. The shape of the famous bottle was invented in 1961. During the Second World War, American soldiers drank three million bottles of Coca-Cola a day. C. Coca-Cola was originally invented by John Pemberton, a pharmacist in Atlanta, Georgia. In 1886, he created a new kind of medicine to cure tiredness and headaches. D. This helped spread the name and flavour of ‘ Coke’ all over the world . E. Then a businessman bought Pemberton’s recipe for his creation. He did something to the recipe and made a really refreshing drink that appealed to many people. Demand for the drink grew. F. But no one outside the Coca-Cola company has yet discovered what the ‘magic’ combination of ingredients is, and a very few people- only seven, have ever known the secrete formula of Coca-Cola. Only two of them are still alive today, so they never travel on the same aeroplane. G. Today, nearly a hundred million bottles or cans are drunk every day, in one hundred and fifty-five different countries. It tasted so revolting that just about no one wanted to buy it. In the first year, Pemberton only made $50 from his creation. VI. These paragraphs or sentences ( A – H ) are not in a good order. Rearrange them into a good order ( 1 – 8 ) to make it a logical meaningful passage: H. Anyone can try to make a drink which tastes similar to Coca-Cola. Chemists say that it consists almost entirely of carbonated water and sugar. I. In only a few years Coca-Cola became the national drink of the United States. The shape of the famous bottle was invented in 1961. During the Second World War, American soldiers drank three million bottles of Coca-Cola a day. J. Coca-Cola was originally invented by John Pemberton, a pharmacist in Atlanta, Georgia. In 1886, he created a new kind of medicine to cure tiredness and headaches. K. This helped spread the name and flavour of ‘ Coke’ all over the world . L. Then a businessman bought Pemberton’s recipe for his creation. He did something to the recipe and made a really refreshing drink that appealed to many people. Demand for the drink grew. M. But no one outside the Coca-Cola company has yet discovered what the ‘magic’ combination of ingredients is, and a very few people- only seven, have ever known the secrete formula of Coca-Cola. Only two of them are still alive today, so they never travel on the same aeroplane. N. Today, nearly a hundred million bottles or cans are drunk every day, in one hundred and fifty-five different countries. O. It tasted so revolting that just about no one wanted to buy it. In the first year, Pemberton only made $50 from his creation. Answer : ĐỌC HIỂU I: Chọn câu đúng: 2.0 điểm, mỗi câu chọn đúng : 1. D 2. C 3. A 4. B 5. A 6. C 7. D 8. B II: Ghép đôi đoạn văn với ý liên quan: 1. G 2. D 3. L 4. I 5. F 6. B 7. C 8. K III: Tìm từ thích hợp điền khuyết hoàn chỉnh bài văn: 1. girls 2. heavier 3. less 4. although 5. increasing / 6. shape 7. wider/ bigger 8. words growing /larger IV: Sắp xếp thứ tự các đoạn văn: 1. C 2. H 3. E 4. B 5. D 6. G 7. A 8. F V: Tìm dạng thích hợp của từ, điền hoàn chỉnh câu: 1. affected 2. practical 3. Developed 4. environmentalists 5. social 6. outstanding 7. equipment 8. impossible VI:Viết chuyển đổi câu, bắt đầu với từ cho sẳn: 1. The last time Mary made a long trip was 5 years ago. 2. These young trees have to be watered during the dry season. 3. The cattle stables have been warmed since the first days of the chilly period. 4. Mrs Laurence tells her son, ( David ) not to forget to put on his coat. 5. Minh wishes ( that ) he could make a trip to Sapa to watch the snow falling. 6. It was not warm enough for children to go to school. 7. If factories do not stop polluting the river water, fish won’t be able to live there./ If factories stop polluting the river water, fish will be able to live there./ If factories weren’t polluting/ did not pollute the river water, fish could live there. 8. Because the climate is very cold, a lot of children and old people have to go to hospitals. . wore their red kerchiefs when they went to schools. B. wore their red kerchiefs at many places but schools. C. got their membership cards from their schools. D. had to say aloud the Young Pioneer. pioneer detachments were formed as a place for children A. to play some games after school. B. to work hard after school. C. to learn songs, history of the workers’ movement or play sports and games. D The young pioneers had red kerchiefs but they could not wear them in school because pioneer activity was forbidden in schools, they wore them only on the First of May, at the workers’ meeting
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