... ** the ** wrong options each time ** The ** other people listen without looking at ** the ** sheet and stop ** the ** person ** speaking ** every time they say something you shouldn’t say in ** the ** test Score one point for ** the ** ... stop them each time, and minus one point if they stop them when they don’t say anything wrong Do a practice exam with ** the ** script above Do a practice exam one more time, but this time with only ** the ** ... minutes ** speaking ** ** the ** Examiner asks one more question about what ** the ** Candidate said) Check your answers as a class In groups of three or four, one person read out ** the ** script, choosing between the...

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... measuring fPSA ** and ** calculating ** the ** percentage of fPSA aids ** in ** distinguishing cancer from other benign ** prostate ** conditions such as benign ** prostate ** hyperplasia, particularly for ** the ** population ** in ** ** the ** ... assays differ ** in ** calibration ** and ** response to different ** PSA ** forms We examined intermethod differences ** in ** ** total ** ** PSA ** (tPSA) ** and ** ** free ** ** PSA ** (fPSA) measurements We tested 157 samples with tPSA concentrations ... this subject http://www.labtestsonline.org.uk/ understanding/analytes **/psa/** test.html Intermethod Differences ** in ** Results for ** Total ** ** PSA,** ** Free ** ** PSA,** ** and ** Percentage of ** Free ** ** PSA ** Patricia R Slev, PhD;...

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... 4pq ** q ** − − ** p ** p ** q** **1 ** − qp 2 **.16** ** p** **1 ** ** q** **1** **p ** − ** q ** q ** p ** − − ** p2** − ** q ** , we have **1 ** qx **1 ** − ** p2** − ** q ** qx **1 ** − ** p2** − ** q ** − 4pq ** q ** − − ** p ** x **1 ** ** q** **1** **p ** ≥ qx − ** p2** − ** q ** qx − ** p2** − ** q ** − 4pq ** q ** − − ** p ** x ** q** **1** **p ** ** q ** q ** p ** − − ** p2** − ** q ** q ** q ** ** p ** ... x qx − ** p2** − ** q ** − 4pq ** q ** − − ** p ** **2q ** ≥ **2q ** q − ** p2** ** p ** ** 1** **q ** **2q ** q − ** q ** − ** p ** − ** p ** p 2 **.10** ** p ** > Since x **1 ** ≥ x, it follows ** p2** ** q ** − − qx **1 ** ≥ ** q2** qp − **2q ** q2 − **2q ** qp 2 − ** q ** − − ** p ** pqx **1 ** − ** p2** − ** p2** − ** q ** − − ** p ** qp ** q ** 2qp ** q2** ... − ** q ** Finally we have x **1 ** ** q ** − ≥ x **1 ** − ** p ** ** q ** − − ** p ** pqx **1 ** ** q** **1** **p ** ** 1 ** qx **1 ** − ** p2** − ** q ** qx **1 ** − ** p2** − ** q ** − ** 1 ** qx **1 ** − ** p2** − ** q ** q **1** **p ** qx **1 ** − ** p2** − ** q ** 2 − 4pq ** q ** − − ** p ** x **1 ** − 4pq ** q ** − − ** p ** x **1 ** λ2 2.24 ** The ** proof ** of ** 2 **.15** ...

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... ** The ** proof is complete Proof ** of ** Theorem ** 1.** 1 Let **{xn ** }∞ −α be a positive solution ** of ** ** 1.** 1 with ** the ** initial conditions n x0 , x **1 ** , , x−α ∈ 0, ∞ It follows from Lemma 2 **.1 ** that a < lim inf ** xn ** ... solution ** of ** ** 1.** 1 converges to (not necessarily prime) a 2 **-periodic ** solution Proof ** of ** Theorem ** 1.** 1 In this section, we will prove Theorem ** 1.** 1 Without loss ** of ** generality, we may assume l < 2k ** the ** proof for ... ** the ** more general ** equation ** ** xn ** ** f ** ** xn** l , ** xn** 2k , n 0, ** **** 1,** 2, , ** 1.** 1 where k, l ∈ ** ****{1,** 2, } with 2k / l and gcd 2k, l ** **** 1,** ** the ** initial values x−α , x−α , , x0 ∈ 0, ∞ with α max {l − ** **** 1,** 2k − ** 1}** ,...

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... bifurcation theorem Stuart and Humphries, 7, page 41, Theorem 1.4.5 , ** the ** bifurcation of a period-two solution occurs Direction of bifurcation of ** the ** period-two cycle In ** the ** previous section, we ... direction of ** the ** period-two bifurcation and ** the ** stability of ** the ** period-two solution bifurcation from ** the ** positive equilibrium E∗ Stability and existence of bifurcation Set un xn , xn−1 , then 1.1 ... bifurcation set in α, β -plane, from which one can see how ** the ** parameters α and β aﬀect ** the ** dynamics of 1.1 Furthermore, using ** the ** normal form theory, we drive a formula for determining ** the ** direction...

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... ** The ** proof is complete Proof ** of ** Theorem ** 1.** 1 Let **{xn ** }∞ −α be a positive solution ** of ** ** 1.** 1 with ** the ** initial conditions n x0 , x **1 ** , , x−α ∈ 0, ∞ It follows from Lemma 2 **.1 ** that a < lim inf ** xn ** ... solution ** of ** ** 1.** 1 converges to (not necessarily prime) a 2 **-periodic ** solution Proof ** of ** Theorem ** 1.** 1 In this section, we will prove Theorem ** 1.** 1 Without loss ** of ** generality, we may assume l < 2k ** the ** proof for ... ** the ** more general ** equation ** ** xn ** ** f ** ** xn** l , ** xn** 2k , n 0, ** **** 1,** 2, , ** 1.** 1 where k, l ∈ ** ****{1,** 2, } with 2k / l and gcd 2k, l ** **** 1,** ** the ** initial values x−α , x−α , , x0 ∈ 0, ∞ with α max {l − ** **** 1,** 2k − ** 1}** ,...

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... ** **** − ** ** − ** h h−k h+(n ** **** − ** 1) h ** **** − ** k ** **** − ** (n ** **** − ** 1) ** **** − ** h/(h ** **** − ** k) h+(n ** **** − ** 1) h ** **** − ** k ** **** − ** (n ** **** − ** 1) ** **** − ** h/(h ** **** − ** k) ** **** − ** k+ (n ** **** − ** 1) h ** **** − ** k ** **** − ** (n ** **** − ** 2) ** **** − ** h/(h ** **** − ** k) ** **** = ** h + (n ** **** − ** 1) h ** **** − ** k ** **** − ** (n ** **** − ** 1) ** **** − ** h ** **** − ** h−k h + (n ** **** − ** 1) h ** **** − ** k ** **** − ** (n ** **** − ** ... x2n−3 ** **** = ** k + (n ** **** − ** 1) h ** **** − ** k ** **** − ** (n ** **** − ** 2) ** **** − ** x2n−2 ** **** = ** h + (n ** **** − ** 1) h ** **** − ** k ** **** − ** (n ** **** − ** 1) ** **** − ** h , h−k h h−k (5.3) Now, it follows from (5.1) that x2n−1 ** **** = ** x2n−2 ** **** − ** x2n−2 x2n−2 ** **** − ** x2n−3 ** **** = ** h + (n ** **** − ** 1) h ** **** − ** k ** **** − ** (n ** **** − ** ... (h ** **** − ** k) ** **** − ** h−k (h ** **** − ** k) h h−k + (h ** **** − ** k) ** **** − ** (n ** **** − ** 1) ** **** − ** h (h ** **** − ** k) (5.5) , then we have x2n−1 ** **** = ** k + n h ** **** − ** k ** **** − ** (n ** **** − ** 1) ** **** − ** h h−k (5.6) E M Elabbasy et al Also, we get from (5.1) x2n ** **** = ** x2n−1 ** **** − ** x2n−1 x2n−1...

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... Kranidioti H, Lignos M, Louis K, et al.: Early alterations ** of ** ** the ** innate ** and ** adaptive ** immune ** statuses ** in ** sepsis according to ** the ** type ** of ** underlying ** infection ** Crit Care 2010, 14:R96 Pelekanou A, ... circulating NK cells, CD4+ T lymphocytes, CD8+ T lymphocytes, ** and ** B lymphocytes was limited to community-acquired pneumonia ** and ** intra-abdominal ** infection ** Such a diﬀerence was not seen ** in ** patients ... anti-inflammatory responses ** in ** ** the ** early phase ** of ** severe ** sepsis: ** longitudinal study ** of ** mononuclear histocompatibility leukocyte antigen-DR expression, procalcitonin, C-reactive protein, ** and ** changes ** in ** T-cell...

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... similarity In this study ** the ** characteristics of genes **(and ** ** the ** proteins that they specify), derived from ** small-scale ** ** and ** wholegenome duplication **(small-scale ** ** duplicates ** [SSDs] ** and ** whole **-genome ** ** duplicates ** ... Collectively, our results demonstrate that ** the ** differences ** between ** ** the ** two types of duplicate ** are ** ** not ** limited to ** the ** way in which they were generated Investigation of ** the ** functional similarity ** between ** ** the ** ... similarity ** between ** WGD ** and ** SSD paralog pairs, but ** not ** their differences in essentiality To investigate how ** the ** ** difference ** in propensity for complex membership maps onto ** the ** asymmetry in dispensability...

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... from dozens ** of ** eukaryotic ** and ** hundreds ** of ** prokaryotic species This has only brought us to ** the ** embryonic stage ** of ** genome biology theory ** and ** numerous surprises are to be expected along ** the ** road ahead ... elements, ** and ** ** the ** comparison ** of ** their positions in different species ** is ** only ** the ** first step in understanding their intricate evolution in animals ** and ** other eukaryotic taxa Biologists have recently gained ... without any valuable role for ** the ** organism [14] Therefore, organismal complexity cannot be simply determined by ** the ** genome size, ** the ** number ** of ** protein-coding genes, ** the ** number ** of ** introns, or ** the ** total...

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