... rigorously determined That is – ** uncertainty ** is already introduced by the definition ** of ** ** pH ** [6, 10, 16] However, ** in ** ** routine ** ** pH ** determination this fundamental ** uncertainty ** (which ** in ** the case ** of ** the NBS ... ** uncertainty ** originating directly from the operation ** of ** ** measurement ** ** of ** the unknown solution It includes the following components: Repeatability ** of ** ** pH ** ** measurement ** ** Uncertainty ** originating from the finite ... it into account only with E1 and E2 This is one ** of ** the most important sources ** of ** ** uncertainty ** ** in ** ** pH ** measurements [18, 19] According to the philosophy ** of ** BIPM and the ISO ** measurement ** uncertainty...

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... approximate the ** uncertainty ** ** by ** taking the two end ** points ** on the calculated ** uncertainty ** curve and use the straight line containing those ** points ** as the ** uncertainty ** ** In ** this example, the ** uncertainty ** for ... ** of ** the ** uncertainty ** We begin ** with ** an explanation ** of ** how our ** uncertainty ** evaluations are made Following this general discussion we present a number ** of ** detailed examples The general outline ** of ** ** uncertainty ** ... ** uncertainty ** ** of ** the mean ** of ** 10 to 50 wrings ** of ** our master blocks Customer calibrations are limited to wrings because ** of ** time and financial constraints The standard deviation ** of ** the mean ** of ** n measurements...

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... layer is computed ** using ** equation 13 (13) www.intechopen.com ** Estimation ** ** of ** ** uncertainty ** ** in ** ** predicting ** ** ground ** ** level ** ** concentrations ** ** from ** ** direct ** ** source ** ** releases ** ** in ** ** an ** ** urban ** ** area ** ** using ** the USEPA’s AERMOD ... www.intechopen.com ** Estimation ** ** of ** ** uncertainty ** ** in ** ** predicting ** ** ground ** ** level ** ** concentrations ** ** from ** ** direct ** ** source ** ** releases ** ** in ** ** an ** ** urban ** ** area ** ** using ** the USEPA’s AERMOD model equations 185 Fig ** Uncertainty ** and Sensitivity ... www.intechopen.com ** Estimation ** ** of ** ** uncertainty ** ** in ** ** predicting ** ** ground ** ** level ** ** concentrations ** ** from ** ** direct ** ** source ** ** releases ** ** in ** ** an ** ** urban ** ** area ** ** using ** the USEPA’s AERMOD model equations 181 Sets Height of...

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... overall pKa value is acceptable as long as the overall pKa value lies within the limits ** of ** ex- panded ** uncertainty ** pKax–U(pKax) pKax+U(pKax) According to this approach the drift ** in ** Table is acceptable ... the amounts and concentrations ** of ** the solutions ** a[** H+] and the ratio ** a[** A–] **/a[** HA] can be calculated and ** a ** Ka (and pKa) value can be calculated for every point ** of ** the ** titration ** curve ** In ** our approach ... main sources ** of ** ** uncertainty ** ** in ** pKa determination Fig ** Uncertainty ** contributions ** of ** the most important input quantities ** of ** pKax at the ** titration ** point Vt=0.8 ferent Vt ** values ** are presented ** in ** Table...

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... ** The ** ** Treatment ** ** of ** ** Uncertainty ** ** in ** ** EPA’s ** ** Analysis ** ** of ** ** Air ** ** Pollution ** ** Rules: ** ** A ** ** Status ** ** Report ** Arthur G Fraas Abstract An understanding ** of ** ** the ** ** uncertainty ** ** in ** benefit and cost estimates is ** a ** critical ... analyses—as well as ** the ** other quantitative analyses developed ** in ** ** the ** RIA **in ** assessing ** the ** ** uncertainty ** ** in ** ** the ** health benefits estimates Qualitative Discussion ** of ** Other Areas ** of ** ** Uncertainty ** EPA ... specific areas ** of ** ** uncertainty ** ** in ** ** the ** ** analysis ** ** of ** health benefits that deserve to be evaluated ** in ** ** a ** quantitative ** uncertainty ** ** analysis ** ** The ** NRC identifies ** The ** NRC ** report ** also noted that “Because ** of ** the...

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... Table 1: Initial test results ** for ** human-machine dialogues, showing task completion and average length the TownInfo corpus ** of ** dialogues, which was collected using the TownInfo human-machine ** dialogue ** ... each attempting tasks ** in ** the TownInfo domain (searching ** for ** hotels and restaurants ** in ** a ﬁctitious town), resulting ** in ** 90 test dialogues The users each attempted tasks with the MDP system ** of ** (Lemon ... trend showing the superiority ** of ** the the MM Q-MDP system, both ** in ** terms ** of ** more tasks being completed and less variability ** in ** overall ** dialogue ** length Thanks to K Georgilla ** for ** training this model...

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... ** Dilemmas ** ** in ** ** the ** ** reliable ** ** estimation ** ** of ** ** the ** ** in-** vitro ** cell ** ** viability ** ** in ** ** magnetic ** ** nanoparticle ** ** engineering: ** ** which ** ** tests ** ** and ** ** what ** protocols? Clare Hoskins1, Lijun Wang*1, Woei Ping Cheng2 ** and ** ... either ** the ** presence ** of ** ** the ** MNPs both intracellular ** and ** on ** the ** membrane ** of ** ** the ** cells or ** the ** nanoparticles themselves interfere with ** the ** reagents ** In ** our experiments, wells with nanoparticles (intracellular ... were occurring between ** the ** assay systems ** and ** ** the ** nanoparticles, resulting ** in ** incorrect ** cell ** ** viability ** evaluation To further understand ** the ** cytotoxic effect ** of ** ** the ** nanoparticles on these cells, reactive...

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... ** of ** factors including an increase ** in ** ** the ** coating diameter upon addition ** of ** ** the ** PEG moiety [33], thus increasing ** the ** stability ** of ** ** the ** nanoparticles ** and ** further shielding ** the ** cells from ** the ** iron oxide ... either ** the ** presence ** of ** ** the ** MNPs both intracellular ** and ** on ** the ** membrane ** of ** ** the ** cells or ** the ** nanoparticles themselves interfere with ** the ** reagents ** In ** our experiments, wells with nanoparticles (intracellular ... [35-38] ** In ** order to achieve a more ** in-** depth understanding ** of ** ** the ** degree ** of ** cytotoxicity ** of ** ** the ** MNPs, we also investigated ** the ** effect ** the ** polymer-coated nanoparticles had on ** the ** integrity ** of ** ** the ** cell...

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... results ** in ** a factorization step as ** in ** the following ** In ** the presence ** of ** rounding errors (or ** in ** case ** of ** near dependence) we obtain entries ** of ** order eB ** in ** place ** of ** the diagonal zero (This even holds ... addresses ** in ** the following columns ** in ** table IV are derived directly from the level codes ** in ** the data (table 77) allocating one equation for each trait within each level pointing to the beginning ** of ** ... pattern ** of ** R + R This part ** of ** B-’ is called the **sparse ** inverse’ ** of ** T B and can be computed cheaply; cf Appendix The use ** of ** the ** sparse ** inverse for the calculation ** of ** the gradient is discussed ** in ** Appendix...

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... performance ** of ** the Erns ** ELISA ** was not influenced by heat inactivation, which can be an advantage ** in ** laboratories where sera are often subject to several analyses and therefore heat-inactivated ... determined ** in ** all sera using ** a ** ** commercial ** indirect ** ELISA ** **(BVDV-** Ab SVANOVIR™, SVANOVA Biotech AB, Uppsala, Sweden) 1.3 Heat inactivated sera To study the influence ** of ** heat inactivation, we selected ** a ** subset ... was estimated by the kappa (k) ratio To estimate the effect ** of ** heat inactivation on the performance ** of ** the ** ELISA ** we evaluated the repeatability ** of ** the test before and after heat inactivation of...

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... detection ** of ** ** highly ** ** polymorphic ** DNA sequences, such as minisatellites (Jeffreys et al, 1985) Depending on the species being studied, problem lies ** in ** finding a ** highly ** ** polymorphic ** system or a combination ... development ** of ** a calibration curve ** using ** defined strains ** of ** chickens Genetics 125, 161-165 success Lewin R (1989) Limits to DNA fingerprinting Science 243, 1549-1551 Lynch M (1988) Estimation ** of ** ** relatedness ** ... ** relatedness ** ** In ** the previous definition, the value ** of ** identity increases with the ** relatedness ** ** of ** individuals Table I gives some values ** of ** identity for common kinship For all situations given in...

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... ** when ** ** only ** data ** from ** these ** generations ** ** are ** available ** In ** ** the ** former case, ** the ** component ** of ** variance estimates ** the ** genetic variance ** in ** ** the ** ** base ** ** population,** and ** in ** ** the ** latter ** the ** genetic variance ** in ** ... Proceeding ** in ** this way, estimates ** of ** ** the ** genetic variance ** in ** ** the ** ** base ** ** population ** ** are ** 10.18 (p 10%) and 10.23 (p = 25%) These values ** are ** very close to ** the ** simulated genetic variance ** in ** ** the ** ** base ** ** population ** ... estimates ** of ** ** the ** genetic variance and ** heritability ** ** in ** ** the ** original ** base ** ** population ** Rather, ** the ** estimates ** of ** these parameters would be those obtained after relaxing selection for several ** generations,** in...

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... field ** of ** strategic management has used ** the ** concepts ** of ** ** uncertainty ** from these disciplines ** and ** applied them to ** the ** issues ** of ** ** the ** ** firm,** including ** the ** existence ** and ** ** the ** boundary ** of ** ** the ** ** firm ** ** Transaction ** ... limited ** role ** ** in ** those topics Therefore, search for a type ** of ** ** uncertainty ** ** in ** ** resource-based ** theory also allows us to compare ** the ** ** role ** ** of ** ** uncertainty ** ** in ** ** the ** two alternative ** theories ** ** of ** ** the ** ** firm ** There ... comparison on ** the ** reasons ** of ** ** the ** existence ** of ** ** the ** ** firm ** leads to ** the ** second comparison on how ** uncertainty ** works ** in ** ** the ** two ** theories ** ** of ** ** the ** ** firm ** ** In ** transactio n ** cost ** economics, ** uncertainty ** exists ** in ** the...

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... studied Uncertainty ** estimation ** ** of ** BEF 137 and volume models (Fig 5) Examining ** the ** sensitivity ** in ** uncertainty ** of ** ** the ** BEF by ignoring ** the ** uncertainty ** in ** stand age increased ** the ** error ** in ** young and ... 60% ** of ** constant intraplot residual variance showed that ** the ** best way to increase ** the ** precision ** of ** BEFs would be ** the ** reduction ** in ** error ** of ** ** the ** ** biomass ** ** In ** ** the ** present study, ** the ** median value ** of ** ** the ** ... assumed ** for ** branch and foliage ** biomass ** ** of ** all forest sites despite ** the ** varying values ** for ** stand age and stocking densities ** The ** decreasing rate ** of ** ** the ** BEF as a function ** of ** age was steeper ** in ** ** the ** Czech...

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... involved gathering ** the ** data for use ** in ** training and testing ** the ** ** neural ** network ** A ** large training data reduces ** the ** risk ** of ** under-sampling ** the ** nonlinear function, but increases ** the ** training time ... learn ** the ** database, and to predict ** the ** properties ** of ** consolidation SELECTION ** OF ** ** STRAIN ** ** RATE ** r= V − Vmin Vmax − Vmin Data Collection Data Normalization Parametric Studies (3) Training and Testing ... verify ** the ** applicability ** of ** MANN model, ** a ** total ** of ** 46 data ** of ** ** the ** consolidation ** test ** results are used 43 learning data are used for training ** the ** ANN model, and ** the ** others are used for ** the ** comparison...

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Từ khóa:
estimation of average in patient costs by geographic area and illness categoryall up weight and estimation of weight in various groupsthe root causes of uncertainty in dating neurologic events based on imaging findingsoverestimation of threat and intolerance of uncertainty in obsessive compulsive disorderrole of chemistry in enzyme activity measurementprudent criteria should be applied when estimates and measurements are made in conditions of uncertainty however prudence when measuring assets and liabilities is not justified if the fair presentation of the annual accounts is affectedparameter uncertainty in kalman filter estimation of the cir term structure modelwould signs of hiv show up in routine blood testseffect of temperature on ph measurementthe effects of temperature on ph measurement barronas well as for all the rest of us without a ph d in electromagnetics p 746 764 pdfa universal translator of linguistic hedges for the handling of uncertainty and fitness for use in gisprobabilities in estimation of fuel consumption benefits and costsinnovation in an era of uncertaintythe financial services industry in the era of uncertaintyĐề án quản trị kinh doanh Thực trạng và giải pháp cho ngành dệt may Việt Nam trong chuỗi giá trị toàn cầuCATALOGLOGUE CỐP PHA FUVIbao cao nguyen ly bao quan thuc phamDE THI VAO 10 MON TOAN HA NOI TU 2006 DEN 2017HU HONG VA SUA CHUA CONG TRINH (CHUONG 0)HU HONG VA SUA CHUA CONG TRINH (CHUONG 2) DANH GIA HIEN TRANG CONG TRINHHU HONG VA SUA CHUA CONG TRINH (CHUONG 1) TONG QUANSách Tiếng Trung 1Bài 60. Động vật quý hiếmThực trạng các tranh chấp hợp đồng tín dụng và kiến nghị giải pháp hạn chế tranh chấpĐỀ THI THỬ MÔN VẬT LÝbài tập trắc nghiệm mặt cầu, hình cầu và khối cầuBài 12. Phân bón hoá họcBài 10. Đồng chíKẾ HOẠCH HỘI THI GV DẠY GIỎI CẤP TRƯỜNG 2017-2018Bài 8. Biết ơn thương binh, liệt sĩTuần 4. Nghe-kể: Dại gì mà đổi. Điền vào giấy tờ in sẵnTuần 5. Người lính dũng cảmTuần 4. Ông ngoạiBài 43. Rễ cây