perioperative infections and antibiotics

Scientific Committee on Enteric Infections and Foodborne Diseases pot

Scientific Committee on Enteric Infections and Foodborne Diseases pot

Sức khỏe trẻ em

... Enterovirus is resistant to alcohol and phenolic disinfectants; Linen and Waste from patients suffering from HFMD should be handled with care, and wash hands after handling 7.5 Advice given to the ... Clinical features and risk factors of pulmonary oedema after enterovirus-71-related hand, foot, and mouth disease Lancet 1999;354:1682–86 Alexander Jp Jr, Baden L, Pallansch MA, Anderson LJ, Enterovirus ... B2, B5 and EV71 HFMD is sometimes confused with foot -and- mouth disease of cattle, sheep, and swine The latter is caused by a virus Aphthovirus which belong to the family of Picornaviridae .and will...
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Báo cáo khoa học: Abstract P1 – FEBS Datta Plenary Lectureship Award P1-001 Peptide bond formation, cotranslational folding and antibiotics synergism docx

Báo cáo khoa học: Abstract P1 – FEBS Datta Plenary Lectureship Award P1-001 Peptide bond formation, cotranslational folding and antibiotics synergism docx

Báo cáo khoa học

... chromosome organization and genome stability The implications of epigenetic research for human biology and disease, including stem cells, cancer and aging are far-reaching and will form a modern ... lacking both DAP12 and FcRc DAP12–/– FcRc–/– double and Syk–/– single mutant bone marrow cells failed to differentiate into mature osteoclasts and did not resorb bone DAP12 and FcRc were constitutively ... genomic DNA is highly folded and compacted with histone and nonhistone proteins in a dynamic polymer called chromatin The discoveries that nucleosome remodelling machines and histonemodifying enzymes...
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Báo cáo hóa học: "Perioperative fluid and volume management: physiological basis, tools and strategies" doc

Báo cáo hóa học:

Hóa học - Dầu khí

... reasons and consequences The ESL constitutes the first contact surface between blood and tissue and is involved in many processes beside vascular barrier function, such as inflammation and the ... analysis and Doppler techniques, are clinically available A detailed description and discussion of their individual advantages and disadvantages is beyond the scope of this article and can be ... traditional standard fluid regimen the “standard” group and compared it with their own restrictive fluid administration model “Liberal” in one study was already “restrictive” in the other trial and fluid...
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Chapter 121. Intraabdominal Infections and Abscesses (Part 1) potx

Chapter 121. Intraabdominal Infections and Abscesses (Part 1) potx

Sức khỏe giới tính

... predictable series of events takes place Intraabdominal infections occur in two stages: peritonitis and if the patient survives this stage and goes untreated—abscess formation The types of microorganisms ... omentum extends from the transverse mesocolon and from the lower pole of the stomach to line the lower peritoneal cavity The pancreas, duodenum, and ascending and descending colon are located in the ... ureters, and adrenals are found in the posterior retroperitoneal space The other organs, including liver, stomach, gallbladder, spleen, jejunum, ileum, transverse and sigmoid colon, cecum, and appendix,...
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Chapter 121. Intraabdominal Infections and Abscesses (Part 2 ) pptx

Chapter 121. Intraabdominal Infections and Abscesses (Part 2 ) pptx

Sức khỏe giới tính

... the rule In fact, if PBP is suspected and multiple organisms including anaerobes are recovered from the peritoneal fluid, the diagnosis must be reconsidered and a source of secondary peritonitis ... lower levels in cirrhotic patients than in patients with ascites of other etiologies The opsonic and phagocytic properties of PMNs are diminished in patients with advanced liver disease The presentation ... Ascites is found but virtually always predates infection Abdominal pain, an acute onset of symptoms, and peritoneal irritation during physical examination can be helpful diagnostically, but the absence...
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Chapter 121. Intraabdominal Infections and Abscesses (Part 3) pptx

Chapter 121. Intraabdominal Infections and Abscesses (Part 3) pptx

Sức khỏe giới tính

... little as days if rapid improvement occurs and blood cultures are negative, but a course of up to weeks may be required for patients with bacteremia and for those whose improvement is slow Persistence ... However, longterm administration of broad-spectrum antibiotics in this setting has been shown to increase the risk of severe staphylococcal infections Secondary Peritonitis Secondary peritonitis ... containment of the infection, exudate containing fibrin and PMNs is found Early death in this setting is attributable to gram-negative bacillary sepsis and to potent endotoxins circulating in the bloodstream...
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Chapter 121. Intraabdominal Infections and Abscesses (Part 4) docx

Chapter 121. Intraabdominal Infections and Abscesses (Part 4) docx

Sức khỏe giới tính

... are not, and this organism is the most common pathogen in overt exit-site infections Gram-negative bacilli and fungi such as Candida spp are also found Vancomycin-resistant enterococci and vancomycin-intermediate ... complication of abdominal surgeries These infections may be accompanied by localizing pain and/ or nonlocalizing symptoms such as fever, malaise, anorexia, and toxicity As a nosocomial infection, ... cefazolin, and gram-negative coverage may need to be broadened Broad coverage including vancomycin should be particularly considered for toxic patients and for those with exit-site infections...
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Chapter 121. Intraabdominal Infections and Abscesses (Part 5) pps

Chapter 121. Intraabdominal Infections and Abscesses (Part 5) pps

Sức khỏe giới tính

... or within it Periappendiceal and diverticular abscesses occur commonly Diverticular abscesses are least likely to rupture Infections of the female genital tract and pancreatitis are also among ... colonic flora, is the anaerobe most frequently isolated from intraabdominal infections, is especially prominent in abscesses, and is the most common anaerobic bloodstream isolate On clinical grounds, ... abscesses B fragilis and PSA have been found to adhere to primary mesothelial cells in vitro; this adherence, in turn, stimulates the production of tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) and intercellular...
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Chapter 121. Intraabdominal Infections and Abscesses (Part 6) pot

Chapter 121. Intraabdominal Infections and Abscesses (Part 6) pot

Sức khỏe giới tính

... of intraabdominal infections involves the determination of the initial focus of infection, the administration of broad-spectrum antibiotics targeting the organisms involved, and the performance ... permission from B Lorber (ed): Atlas of Infectious Diseases, vol VII: Intra-abdominal Infections, Hepatitis, and Gastroenteritis Philadelphia, Current Medicine, 1996, p 1.30, as adapted from OD ... more definitive abscesses have formed Antimicrobial therapy, in general, is adjunctive to drainage and/ or surgical correction of an underlying lesion or process in intraabdominal abscesses Unlike...
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Chapter 121. Intraabdominal Infections and Abscesses (Part 7) pdf

Chapter 121. Intraabdominal Infections and Abscesses (Part 7) pdf

Sức khỏe giới tính

... defining the etiology of infections Liver abscesses may also be caused by Candida spp.; such abscesses usually follow fungemia in patients receiving chemotherapy for cancer and often present when ... gram-negative aerobic bacilli and enterococci are common isolates Unless previous surgery has been performed, anaerobes are not generally involved in liver abscesses arising from biliary infections In contrast, ... infections In contrast, in liver abscesses arising from pelvic and other intraperitoneal sources, a mixed flora including both aerobic and anaerobic species is common; B fragilis is the species most...
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Chapter 121. Intraabdominal Infections and Abscesses (Part 8) pot

Chapter 121. Intraabdominal Infections and Abscesses (Part 8) pot

Sức khỏe giới tính

... figures reported for splenic abscesses, splenectomy with adjunctive antibiotics has traditionally been considered standard treatment and remains the best approach for complex, multilocular abscesses ... is early diagnosis Perinephric and Renal Abscesses Perinephric and renal abscesses are not common: The former accounted for only ~0.02% of hospital admissions and the latter for ~0.2% in Altemeier's ... perinephric space The kidneys and adrenal glands are surrounded by a layer of perirenal fat that, in turn, is surrounded by Gerota's fascia, which extends superiorly to the diaphragm and inferiorly to the...
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Chapter 121. Intraabdominal Infections and Abscesses (Part 9) doc

Chapter 121. Intraabdominal Infections and Abscesses (Part 9) doc

Sức khỏe giới tính

... 1998 [PMID: 9590249] Johanssen EC, Madoff LC: Infections of the liver and biliary system, in Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases, 6th ed, GL Mandell et al (eds) Philadelphia, Elsevier ... organism Perinephric and Renal Abscesses: Treatment Treatment for perinephric and renal abscesses, like that for other intraabdominal abscesses, includes drainage of pus and antibiotic therapy ... 2005, pp 951–959 Levison ME, Bush LM: Peritonitis and intraperitoneal abscesses, in Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases, 6th ed, GL Mandell et al (eds) Philadelphia, Elsevier Churchill...
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Sexually transmitted infections and other reproductive tract infections in rural vietnam

Sexually transmitted infections and other reproductive tract infections in rural vietnam

Y khoa - Dược

... information, education and communication; instruction on hygiene and disease prevention; maternal and child health care and family planning; first aid and care of common diseases; and implementation ... partner; ii) endogenous infections resulting from an overgrowth of organisms normally present in the vagina, including bacterial vaginosis and candidiasis; and iii) iatrogenic infections occurring ... cervical cancer, maternal infections, perinatal deaths, and potentially blinding eye infections in infants.35, 45, 126, 181 Unfortunately, symptoms and signs of many infections may not appear...
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Báo cáo khoa học: "Peritoneal carcinomatosis: patients selection, perioperative complications and quality of life related to cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy" pptx

Báo cáo khoa học:

Báo cáo khoa học

... Europe and Japan Feasibility, efficacy and safety of CRS and HIPEC have been proved in numerous clinical trials In the present review article patient selection, treatment strategy, mortality and ... CCR-0 indicates no visible residual tumor and CCR-1 residual tumor nodules ≤ 2.5 mm CCR-2 and CCR-3 indicate residual tumor nodules between 2.5 mm and 2.5 cm and > 2.5 cm, respectively [14] Hyperthermic ... computed tomography of the chest, abdomen and pelvis with intravenous and oral/rectal contrast and endoscopy with or without endoluminal ultrasonography (colorectal and gastric cancer) are indispensable...
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báo cáo khoa học: " Applying psychological theories to evidence-based clinical practice: Identifying factors predictive of managing upper respiratory tract infections without antibiotics" pdf

báo cáo khoa học:

Báo cáo khoa học

... Growth in the use of antibiotics in the community in England and Scotland in 1980-1993 BMJ 1996, 312:613-613 Butler CC, Rollnick S, Pill R, Maggs-Rapport F, Stott N: Understanding the culture of ... Scotland who took part in a semistructured interview of up to 40 minutes, as recommended for the theory of planned behaviour The interviews use standard elicitation methods and covered the views and ... simulation and intention, and who reported a range of cognitions The study achieved this aim Conclusion This study provides evidence that psychological models can be useful in understanding and predicting...
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Báo cáo y học: "Childhood infections and asthma: at the crossroads of the hygiene and Barker hypotheses" docx

Báo cáo y học:

Báo cáo khoa học

... Early respiratory infections and childhood asthma Pediatrics 2000, 106:E38 Bodner C, Anderson WJ, Reid TS, Godden DJ: Childhood exposure to infection and risk of adult onset wheeze and atopy Thorax ... strong and there appeared to be a dose–response effect between the number of infections and the outcome For instance, the relative odds for airway responsiveness were 0.50 for two to four viral infections ... were 0.50 for two to four viral infections versus one or no infections, 0.34 for five to seven infections, and 0.24 for eight or more infections gut flora) [13] However, other early childhood exposures...
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Báo cáo y học: "Perioperative optimization and right heart catheterization: what technique in which patient" pptx

Báo cáo y học:

Báo cáo khoa học

... end-point? SvO2 reflects the balance between oxygen supply and demand, and it is particularly useful when large changes in oxygen demand are expected to occur (e.g in anesthesia, hypothermia, ... optimization, and the catheter will then only be used to observe hemodynamic alterations The low rate of attainment of hemodynamic goals contrasts with previous studies reporting beneficial effects of perioperative ... achieve the hemodynamic end-points is not well defined The authors used fluids and vasoactive agents, but the type and doses of these agents were not specified It is likely that these elements...
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Báo cáo khoa học: "Nosocomial infections and immunity: lesson from brain-injured patients" docx

Báo cáo khoa học:

Báo cáo khoa học

... urinary tract infection and primary bacteraemia; and safety of G-CSF Secondary end-points were serum G-CSF level; duration of hospitalization, antibiotic use and ICU stay; and 28-day survival Filgrastim ... mortality in sepsis and septic shock [34] Gooding and coworkers [35] conducted a randomized, double-blind trial to determine whether IVIG decreases the incidence of secondary infections in head-injured ... autoimmunity and inflammation In: Immunomodulation with Immunoglobulins for Autoimmune Diseases and Infections Edited by Kiehl MG, Nass WP, Volk HD Sttutgart, New York: Thieme; 2000:1-5 Alejandria...
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Báo cáo y học: "Procalcitonin, lipopolysaccharide-binding protein, interleukin-6 and C-reactive protein in community-acquired infections and sepsis: a prospective study" docx

Báo cáo y học:

Báo cáo khoa học

... positive likelihood ratios and negative likelihood ratios: PCT, 0.1 ng/ml, 0.25 ng/ml and 0.5 ng/ ml; LBP, 20 àg/ml and 40 àg/ml; CRP, 50 mg/l and 100 mg/ l; and IL-6, 25 pg/ml and 50 pg/ml We also ... 24% and 74% and specificities between 70% and 94% [30-34] PCT was not a better marker of bacterial infection than CRP in the study by Chan and colleagues [32] PCT had a lower sensitivity and ... the protocol, collected and analyzed the data, and wrote the report OGK was responsible for PCT, IL-6 and LBP analyses SSP and CP were involved in planning the study and were involved in the...
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Báo cáo khoa học: "High mobility group box-1 protein in patients with suspected community-acquired infections and sepsis: a prospective study" pot

Báo cáo khoa học:

Báo cáo khoa học

... collected and analysed data, and wrote the report OGK was responsible for PCT, IL-6, and LBP analyses HJM developed the sCD163 inhouse ELISA and was responsible for HMGB1 and sCD163 analyses SSP and ... Messerschmidt and Wife Foundation, the County of Southern Jutland Research Foundation, the J Madsen and O Madsen Foundation, and the Toyota Foundation in Denmark We thank Joan Clausen and Kirsten ... arthritis and joint inflammation; affecting heart rhythm; and having bactericidal effects [22] To our knowledge, only three clinical studies with data on HMGB1 levels in infections and sepsis...
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