free word order languages

Báo cáo khoa học: "Parsing Free Word Order Languages in the Paninian Framework" pptx

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Báo cáo khoa học

... Introduction A majority of human languages including Indian and other languages have relatively free word or- der. tn free word order languages, order of words contains only secondary information ... signed for free word order languages) compares well in asymptotic time complexity with the parser for context free grammars (CFGs) which are basically designed for positional languages. 1 ... are based on context free gram- mars which are basically positional grammars. It is important to develop a suitable computational grammar formalism for free word order languages for two reasons:...
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Tài liệu Báo cáo khoa học: "A Framework for Processing Partially Free Word Order" ppt

Tài liệu Báo cáo khoa học:

Báo cáo khoa học

... Processing Partially Free Word Order* Hans Uszkoreit Artificial Intelligence Center SRI International 333 Ravenswood Avenue Menlo Park, CA 94025 Abstract The partially free word order in German ... role of pragmatics in governing word order is much greater than in English while the role syntax plays is greater than in some of the so-called free- word- order languages like Warlpiri. The German ... of the sentence~ 3 The interaction of ordering variability and pragmatics can be found in many languages and not only in so-called free- word- order languages. Consider the following two English...
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Báo cáo khoa học: "PARSING A FREE-WORD ORDER LANGUAGE: WARLPIRI" doc

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Báo cáo khoa học

... case-assignment and argument-linking are not directional. In this way, the fixed-morpheme order and free- word order have been properly accounted for. (KARLI (datum (v -)) (datum (n +))) (KU (action ... Institute of Technology 545 Technology Square, room 823 Cambridge, MA 02139 ABSTRACT Free- word order languages have long posed significant problems for standard parsing algorithms. This paper ... presented to the syntactic parser. To demonstrate the parser's ability to correctly parse free word order sentences, the other 23 permutations of sentence (2) were given to the parser. The phrase-mar-...
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Báo cáo khoa học: "Parsing Flexible Word Order Languages" pdf

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Báo cáo khoa học

... matter of fact, ATN's were not originally conceived for flexible word order languages. (In the extreme free word order case, an ATN would have one single node and a large number of looping ... Discrimination nets inserted in words indicate the paths to be followed in the search for the appropriate meaning. Words are defined as coroutines. The control passes from one word, whose execution ... Functional Grammar linguistic theory (Kaplan & Bresnan, 1982). 3. A parser for flexible word order languages must be substantially data driven. In our view syntax has two distinct roles in...
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Word Order

Word Order

Tiếng anh

... go to the cinema? 10. Both sentences are correct.Questions 1 Page 3 Word Order In Affirmative Sentences1. Arrange the words to make affirmative sentences. Place time expressions at the end ... have seen that film. (never) / (before) → I have never seen that film before.In questions, the word order subject-verbs-object is the same as in affirmative sentences. The only thing that’s different ... / have / not / we / time / do→ We do not have time right now.Complete the sentences with the words in brackets. Place time expressions at the end of the sentences.She is in great form because...
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Word order

Word order

TOEFL - IELTS - TOEIC

... que Thephysician/doctor told him that hemust stay in bed2.6 Word order with the reflexive seFurther examples of variety in word order involving the reflexive, and untranslatable,se.This is probably ... child has beencrying281Unit 29 (Unidad 29) Word order (El orden de las palabras)(It is recommended that, to take full advantage of this unit on word order, it be studied after most ofthe other ... n´umeros)1.8 Dates (Fechas)1.1 Subject + verb + objectEssentially, Spanish word order is like English word order in that the subject precedesthe verb that precedes the object: Juan lee el...
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Tài liệu WORD ORDER

Tài liệu WORD ORDER

Tiếng anh

... Exercises Word Order in Positive Sentences Word Order in Negative Sentences Word Order in Subordinate ClausesPosition of Time ExpressionsPosition of Adverbs Word Order in Questions Word Order in ... a dog → 10. must / the book / read / you →Exercises on English Word Order Word Order in affirmative Sentences 2Arrange the words to make affirmative sentences. Place time expressions at the ... will tell you the story at school tomorrow.Exercises on English Word Order Word Order in Affirmative Sentences 1Arrange the words to make affirmative sentences.1. like / I / you → I like...
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Bài soạn WORD ORDER

Bài soạn WORD ORDER

Tiếng anh

... Exercises Word Order in Positive Sentences Word Order in Negative Sentences Word Order in Subordinate ClausesPosition of Time ExpressionsPosition of Adverbs Word Order in Questions Word Order in ... will tell you the story at school tomorrow.Exercises on English Word Order Word Order in Affirmative Sentences 1Arrange the words to make affirmative sentences.1. like / I / you → I like ... a dog → 10. must / the book / read / you →Exercises on English Word Order Word Order in affirmative Sentences 2Arrange the words to make affirmative sentences. Place time expressions at the...
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Tài liệu Báo cáo khoa học: "A Discriminative Syntactic Word Order Model for Machine Translation" pdf

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Báo cáo khoa học

... Task SetupThe ordering problem in MT can be formulated asthe task of ordering a target bag of words, given asource sentence and word alignments between tar-get and source words. In this work ... ofwords in a translation, and deciding the order of thepredicted words. For some language pairs, such asEnglish and Japanese, the ordering problem is es-pecially hard, because the target word ... the Japanese words for “re-striction” and “condition”, the algorithm creates a1For example, in the first order shown, the descendants of word 6 are not contiguous and thus this order violates...
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Tài liệu Báo cáo khoa học: "Word Order in German: A Formal Dependency Grammar Using a Topological Hierarchy" pptx

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Báo cáo khoa học

... similarmechanisms.11 IntroductionThe aim of this article is to describe the word order of German verbs and their comple-ments. German word order is not free, butbased on fairly simple rules, forming what isusually ... that it is fun-damental to our approach that syntacticstructure does not include word order. To get the words in order, we group them in ahierarchy of phrases. The nature and the posi-tion of ... other languages in this formalism, con-figurational languages such as English orFrench, as well as languages such as Russianwhere the surface order is mainly determinedby the communicative structure....
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Báo cáo khoa học: "A Word-Order Database for Testing Computational Models of Language Acquisition" docx

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Báo cáo khoa học

... sentential word orders that children typically encounter in the period from 1-1/2 to 2-1/2 years; the period generally accepted by psycholinguists to be when children establish the correct word order ... domains for word- order acquisition modeling. # parameters # lan-guages Tree struc-ture? Language properties Gibson & Wexler (1994) 3 8 Not fully specified Word order, V2 ... is generated by running simulations on a recently completed database of word order patterns from over 3,000 abstract languages. This article presents the design of the database which contains...
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Tài liệu Báo cáo khoa học: "Word Alignment for Languages with Scarce Resources Using Bilingual Corpora of Other Language Pairs" pptx

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Báo cáo khoa học

... language word similarity of the Chinese word c and the Japanese word given the English word );,( efcsimfeFigure 1. Similarity Calculation English word e. For the ambiguous English word e, ... context word . ijctje 0=ijct if does not occur in Set i . je(4) Given the English word e, calculate the cross-language word similarity between the Chinese word and the Japanese word ... one for head words and the other for non-head words. Distortion Probability for Head Words The distortion probability for head words represents the relative position of the head word of the...
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