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TAG QUESTIONS INTRODUCTION Question tag a. Trước khẳng định, sau phủ định và ngược lại Ex: Peter helped you, didn’t he? He isn’t here now, is he? You have been there for a long time, haven’t you? b. Note: • Không dùng danh từ riêng trong câu hỏi đuôi, mà phải dung đại từ nhân xưng thay thế. Ex: Mary is beautiful, isn’t she? Chứ không được dùng Mary is beautiful, isn’t Mary? His parents are old, aren’t they? • Khi chủ từ trong mệnh đề chính là anyone, anybody, no one, no body, none, neither thì chủ từ trong câu hỏi đuôi là they. Ex: No one knows, do they? Neither of them complaint, did they? • Nếu mệnh đề chính có các từ phủ định như neither, no, none, no one, no body, nothing, scarely, barely, hardly, seldom … thì câu hỏi đuôi ở thể khẳng định. Ex: Nothing was sold, was it? Peter hardly goes to the party, does he? • Nếu chủ từ là this, that thì chủ từ trong câu hỏi đuôi có thể là it, he, she Ex: That is a very interesting film, isn’t it? That is your new boy friend, isn’t he? This is a very beautiful girl, isn’t she? • Nếu chủ từ là these, those thì chủ từ trong câu hỏi đuôi là they Ex: These books are new, aren’t they? • Hình thức câu hỏi đuôi của I am … là aren’t I? hay am I not? Ex: I’m late, aren’t I? Hay I’m late, am I not? • Hình thức của câu yêu cầu là will you? còn câu đề nghị là shall we? Ex: Come in, will you? Don’t do that, will you? Let’s go for a walk, shall we? Let’s not study now, shall we? CÂU HỎI ĐUÔI Câu hỏi đuôi là loại câu hỏi được them vào sau một câu nói. Nếu câu nói là khẳng đònh thì phần đuôi là phủ đònh và ngược lại Câu hỏi đuôi sữ dụng các trợ động từ như câu hỏi thông thường 1. They want to came, __________________ 2. Jane is a teacher, __________________ 3. He isn’t here, __________________ 4. This is your umbrella, __________________ 5. Cindy can’t come with us, __________________ 6. You have never been to Hanoi, __________________ 7. He has a bicycle, __________________ 8. You write a letter to your father, __________________? 9. Kathy will be in class tomorrow, __________________? 10. You weren’t at home last night, __________________? 11. Jane went to London High School, __________________? 12. She has the keys to the dinning – room, __________________? 13. You are a member of this class, __________________? 14. They are studying hard, __________________? 15. It wasn’t raining, __________________? 16. I don’t have to come to the meeting, __________________? 17. Cindy had to leave early, __________________? 18. Tomorrow isn’t a holiday, __________________? 19. You should call your mom today, __________________? 20. These are your keys, __________________? I. TAG QUESTIONS ( AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES ) We use tag questions to ask a question or to invite con firmation of some fact we already know. We always use a negative tag question after an affirmative sentence. He can speak English, can't he ? She is an American, isn't she ? You live in Soc Trang , don't you ? They went home, didn't they ? Add the correct tag question to the following sentences : 1. She goes shopping every day, .? 2. He has been studying English a long time, ? 3. He is a good student, .? 4. She play the piano well, .? 5. They played soccer yesterday, .? 6. She can speak English fluently, ? 7. The traffic is heavy today, .? 8. You always buy your clothes in the Department Store , ? 9. Mr.Green used to take the children to the circus, .? 10. You 'll be back before noon, .? 11. They are travelling in Europe now, .? 12. The bus stops at this corner, ? 13. It takes more than an hour to get there , ? 14. He's ready now, .? 15. She's visited Nha Trang city, .? 16. She 's here last week, .? 17. We should leave early, ? 18. Your sister has already done the ẻxercise., .? 19. We must obey the law, .? 20. You dare to meet her, .? Add the correct tag questionsending to the following negative sentensive: We use an affirmative tag question after a negative sentence. He can't speak English, can he? She isn't an American , is she ? You don't live in Soc Trang city,do you ? They didn't go home,.did they ? 1. She doesn't like to study English, .? 2. You have never been in Ha noi, ? 3. You won't mention this to anyone, .? 4. The traffic today isn't very heavy, ? 5. It wasn't heavy yesterday either, ? 6. They didn't go by plan, ? 7. She didn't say anything to you about it, .? 8. You didn't use to go fishing , .? 9. He won't be back before noon, ? 10. I haven't paid you yet, ? Notes on the form of tag questions: 1. a tag question is a short question ( e.g. have you ? / haven't you ? ) that follow a statement . Auxiliaries ( be, have, can, may, .)used in the statement are repeated at the end followed by the subject ( always a pronoun ). .John was annoyed , wasn't he ? .He wasn't annoyed , was he ? 2. With all other verbs, tag questions are formed with do / don't ; does / doesn't ; and did / didn't. ◙ EXERCISE: 1. George left class early to day, .? 2. He is an excellent student, .? 3. She has never gotten in touch with you, ? 4. Today is Wednesday, ? 5. You live in My Xuyen, ? 6. You were absent yesterday, ? 7. They don't know each other, .? 8. We won't have to stand in line, .? 9. You mailed that letter, ? 10. You didn't forget to put a stamp on it, ? 3. Tag questions are also possible with there ◙ EXERCISE: 1. There'll be a rail strike tomorrow , .? 2. There used to be a small house here, ? 3. There's plenty of polluted water here, .? 4. There are a lot of magazines on the table, ? 5. There isn't any butter in the fridge, ? 6. There aren't any tomatoes in the basket, .? 7. There won't be anyone winning the prize , ? 8. There didn't use to be a shrine of a young vietnamese hero here, ? 9. There has been a banner on the wall, .? 10. There have been banners on the wall, .? 4. After Let's . the tag question is '' Shall we ? '' Let's go out for a walk, ? After the imperative ( do / don't do something )the tag is '' Will you ?'' Open the door, ? Don't be late, .? We say '' Aren't I ? '' I'm late, ? II QUESTION TAGS AFTER NEGATIVE STATEMENTS Add question tags to the following statements. - Bill doesn't know Ann. Bill doesn't know Ann, does he ? - Ann hasn't got a phone. Ann hasn't got a phone, has she ? '' This / that '' ( subject ) become '' it '' in the tag. '' There '' ( subject ) remains unchanged. - That isn't Tom, is it ? - There won't be time, will there ? ◙ EXERCISE: 1. You aren't afraid of snakes , ? 2. Ann isn't at home, ? 3. You don't know French , ? 4. Tom didn't see her, ? 5. This isn't yours, .? 6. Mary wasn't angry , ? 7. Bill hasn't had breakfast , ? 8. You won't tell anyone, ? 9. I didn't wake you up, ? 10. Tom doesn't like oysters , ? 11. You don't want to sell the house, .? 12. It doesn't hurt, ? 13. People shouldn't drink and drive , ? 14. you aren't going alone, ? 15. They couldn't pay the rent, .? 16. You don't agree with Bill , ? 17. There wasn't a lot to do, .? 18. I needn't say anything , .? 19. That wasn't Ann in the phone, .? 20. You didn't do it on purpose, .? 21. This won't take long , .? 22. He shouldn't put so much salt in it , .? 23. Mary couldn't leave the children alone , .? 24. You wouldn't like another drink., ? 25. There weren't any mosquitoes, .? 26. It doesn't matter very much, .? 27. Tom doesn't have to go to lectures, .? 28. I needn't wait any longer, ? 29. You won't mind helping me with this, ? 30. The children weren't surprised, ? III. QUESTION TAGS AFTER AFFIRMATIVE STATEMENTS Add question tags to the following statements: - Tam goes to Soc Trang very often, doesn't he ? - He told you about his last trip, didn't he ? - It was very cold last night , wasn't it ? Be careful of the contractions 's and 'd - He 's ready , isn't he ? - He 's finished, hasn't he ? - He 's ill , wasn't he ? - He 'd seen it , hadn't he ? - He 'd like it, Wouldn't he ? ◙ EXERCISE: 1. The children can read English, ? 2. He's ten years old , .? 3. Ba came on a bicycle , ? 4. The Smiths have got a car , ? 5. Your grandfather was a millionaire , .? 6. Tom should try again , .? 7. It could be done , ? 8. Your brother 's here, ? 9. That's Tim over there , ? 10. This will fit in your pocket, ? 11. His wife has headaches quite often , ? 12. She 's got lovely blue eyes , .? 13. Prices keep going up , ? 14. I've seen you before , .? 15. Bill's written a novell , .? 16. His mother 's very proud of him , ? 17. The twins used to play rubby , .? 18. Tom might be at home now , ? 19. We must hurry , .? 20. You'd been there before , .? 21. I'd like a drink, .? 22. Mary ought to cooked it for them , .? 23. That was Ann on the phone , .? 24. The Smiths need two cars , ? 25. He used to eat raw fish , ? 26. You'll help me , .? 27. There'll be plenty for Bill, .? 28. You 'd better wait for Bill , ? 29. You'd come if I needed help, ? 30. You'd come at short notice , ?
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