Abstract of the Doctoral thesis in Political studies: Applying Ho Chi Minh’s thought in the work of educating patriotism to Vietnamese youth today

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The thesis with the objective on clarifying the theoretical issues, analyzing and assessing the situation, the thesis proposes views and solutions to enhance the application of Ho Chi Minh thought in master education. Patriotic meaning for Vietnamese youth today. Invite you to consult the thesis to get detailed research content. MINISTRY OF EDUCATION HO CHI MINH NATIONAL AND TRAINING ACADEMY OF POLITICS ACADEMY OF JOURNALISM AND COMMUNICATION NGÔ XUÂN DƯƠNG APPLYING HO CHI MINH’S THOUGHT IN THE WORK OF EDUCATING PATRIOTISM TO VIETNAMESE YOUTH TODAY ABSTRACT OF THE DOCTORAL THESIS IN POLITICAL STUDIES Hanoi – 2019 The Thesis has been completed at ACADEMY OF JOURNALISM AND COMMUNICATION Supervisors: Assoc.Prof, PhD Luu Van An Lưu Văn An Assoc.Prof, PhD Mai Duc NgocMai Đức Ngọc REVIEWER 1: REVIEWER 2: REVIEWER 3: THE THESIS WILL BE DEFENDED AT THE BOARD OF EXAMINERS OF ACADEMY OF JOURNALISM AND COMMUNICATION Hour…….day…….month…… year 2019 The thesis can be found at the library: - Natonal Library, Ha Noi - Academy of Journalism and Commucation INTRODUCTION Rationale Ho Chi Minh’s Thought is the ideological foundation of our Party and the great spiritual property of our people, guiding the struggle of our people to go to victory Promoting learning, applying and following his thoughts is an extremely important and meaningful work for the Vietnamese revolution in the period of accelerating the national industrialization, modernization and integration getting deeper and deeper Patriotism runs like a red thread throughout history, is a noble spiritual product, holding the highest standard for morality and leading the ladder of cultural and spiritual values of the Vietnamese nation Patriotism acts as a great endogenous motivation of the Vietnamese ethnic community, creating the unrivaled power in the resistance wars against foreign aggression and in the cause of building the country Young people are the mainstay of the country, are the future owners of the country, are the pioneering force in building and defending the Fatherland, which are one of the factors determining the success or failure of the Vietnamese revolution Taking care, fostering and educating young people are really important and necessary in order to ensure the stability and sustainable development of the country Nowadays, we are striving to build a Vietnam which is peaceful, rich, independent, democratic and going up to socialism This is a great and glorious career but really arduous, complex and unprecedented For the purpose of accomplishing this career, one of the most important motivations is to promote learning, following Ho Chi Minh’s Thought, arousing and highly promoting patriotism in the Party, in all strata of the population, especially young generations who will be successors, continuing to raise the flag of national independence associated with socialism to go to the final victory Applying Ho Chi Minh’s Thought in the work of educating patriotism to young people is a significant part of the ideological work of our Party Over the past years, this work has achieved encouraging results, for instance, the party committees led the political system and the whole society to better perform the work of educating patriotism to young people; the quality of the cadres who were directly involved in educational tasks was constantly improved; educational programs, contents and methods were regularly innovated; material conditions for education were interested in investing and improving, etc Nevertheless, in addition to these positive ones, the patriotism education for young people on the basis of applying Ho Chi Minh’s Thought has limited in awareness; the quality of the team directly working on educational tasks was weak and lacking, educational contents and methods remained inadeqate, a part of young people also showed signs of deteriorating politcal thought, morality and lifestyle, The above-mentioned limitations and shortcomings are due to many reasons, of which a very basic one is the lack of a thorough and comprehensive study on the values of Ho Chi Minh’s Thought so that they would be applied in accordance with the current situation From the reality of patriotism education for Vietnamese youth on the basis of applying Ho Chi Minh’s Thought and the significance of this work to the development of the country, the topic “Applying Ho Chi Minh’s Thought in the work of educating patriotism to Vietnamese youth today” was selected for the doctoral thesis title in Political studies, majoring in Ideological work Research aims and objectives of the Thesis 2.1 Research aims On the basis of clarifying the issues of theory, analysis and assessment of the situation and the thesis recommend perspectives and solutions to enhance the application of Ho Chi Minh’s Thought in the work of educating patriotism to Vietnamese youth today 2.2 Research objectives - To point out the issues that have been or have not been studied and should be further studied - To clarify concepts of tools, contents and methods, and the need to apply Ho Chi Minh’s Thought in the work of educating patriotism to young people - To analyze basic impact factors; clarify achievements and limitations in performing the contents and methods of patriotism education for young people associated with the application of Ho Chi Minh’s Thought and its causes; the questions posed - To recommend perspectives and solutions that would enhance the application of Ho Chi Minh’s Thought in the work of educating patriotism to young people Object and scope of the study 3.1 Object of the study Applying Ho Chi Minh’s Thought in the work of educating patriotism to Vietnamese youth today 3.2 Scope of the study - For scientific content: + Ho Chi Minh’s patriotism and Ho Chi Minh’s Thought on youth education should be applied to defining contents and methods of educating partriotism to young people - For subjects: focusing on surveying rural youth, youth workers, young people and students - For space: The Thesis should survey the application of Ho Chi Minh’s Thought in the work of educating patriotism to Vietnamese youth in provinces and cities, including Bac Ninh, Hanoi, Nam Dinh, Nghe An, Nha Trang, Dak Lak, Ba Ria-Vung Tau and Soc Trang - For time: From 2008 up to now Theoretical basis and research approaches 4.1 Theoretical basis: Theory of Marxism and Leninism, Ho Chi Minh’s Thought, guidelines of the Party, policies, laws of the State with reference to youth education 4.2 Research approaches - Methodology: Dialectical materialism and historical materialism - Research methods: deduction and induction, analysis and synthesis, history anad logic, comparison, statistics, sociological investigation, etc New scientific contributions of the Thesis - Giving a new definition of applying Ho Chi Minh’s Thought in the work of educating patriotism to Vietnamese youth today - Provided the content of patriotism education for young people associated with the application of Ho Chi Minh’s Thought - Pointing out the contradictions of the reality of applying Ho Chi Minh’s Thought to patriotism education for Vietnamese youth - Recommending the perspectives and solutions that would enhance the application of Ho Chi Minh’s Thought in the work of educating patriotism to Vietnamese youth in the coming time Theoretical and practical significance of the Thesis 6.1 Theoretical significance - The Thesis acts as a theoretical basis for the work of educating patriotism to Vietnamese youth in the coming time - Making contributions assert the fundamental role of Ho Chi Minh’s Thought in the spiritual life of society 6.2 Practical significance - Contributing to strengthening the education of patriotism for young people and the struggle in the field of ideology and culture - Acting as a reference for the study, teaching of Ho Chi Minh’s Thought and the work of educating patriotism to young people Structure of the Thesis In addition to introduction, literature review, conclusion, references and appendices, the Thesis consists of chapters, paragraphs LITERATURE REVIEW I Research works related to the theoretical basis of applying Ho Chi Minh’s Thought in the work of educating patriotism to Vietnamese youth today I.1 Research works on ideological work The ideological work of the Soviet Communist Party by X.I Xuronitrenco; Principles of communist propaganda co-authored by V.Gh.Bakova, M.Ph.Nhenasep and V.Ph.Pravotorop; For communist education by M.I.Kalinin; Education and management – Coordination of ideological work by I.D.Torotchenco; Ideological propaganda in the new period (Curriculum for cultivating propaganda officials) by the Department of Officials, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China; “Innovating the education of political ideology for cadres, party members at grass-roots level in the current period” by Vu Ngoc Am; Sustainable value and vitality of Marxism-Leninism and scientific socialism by Hoang Chi Bao; Ho Chi Minh with ideological work co-authored by Hong Vinh and Dao Duy Quat; Principles of ideological work by Luong Khac Hieu; Research theory and methodology, education of political ideology by Pham Huy Ky; Some issues of theoretical work, ideology and organization of the Party in the innovation period by To Huy Rua; Effectiveness of the education of political ideology for students of military academies in our country today by Luong Ngoc Vinh I.2 Research works on patriotism, Ho Chi Minh’s patriotism and Ho Chi Minh’s Thought on youth education Patriotism in the cause of industrialization and modernization by Luong Gia Ban; Doctoral Thesis titled Ho Chi Minh’s patriotism by Nguyen Manh Tuong; In the mainstream of Vietnamese literature: patriotism by Tran Van Gia; Vietnamese patriotism in Ho Chi Minh era by Tran Xuan Truong; Scientific topic Ho Chi Minh’s patriotism in the period of opening, international integration chaired by Bui Dinh Phong; For youths by Karl Marx; How to educate the true person by V.A.Xukhomlinxk; Cultivating moral ideology by La Quoc Kiet; Doctor thesis titled Applying Ho Chi Minh’s Thought to the education and training for young people in our country today by Doan Nam Dan; Ho Chi Minh’s methodology by Hoang Chi Bao; Ho Chi Minh, eminent thinker by Song Thanh Collection of pedagogical works by A.S.Makarenko; Ho Chi Minh’s patriotism, the victorious factor of the Vietnamese revolution co-authored by Mach Quang Thang, Nguyen Tung Lam; Some issues of socialist patriotism in Vietnam by Tran Xuan Truong; Vietnamese youth with patriotism in the national history by Duong Tu Dam; Ho Chi Minh’s patriotism by Vu Dinh Hoe; The revolutionary ideal of Vietnamese youth in the cause of renovation by Do Muoi; Young people dedicate and grow up by Dang Quoc Bao; Youth with the training of revolutionary ideal by Huu Tho; Learning Ho Chi Minh’s Thought on patriotism education in Vietnam by Van Tung; Education of patriotism in Vietnam : Thematic training program for cadres, party members and people by Ngo Van Thao; Patriotism in specific action by Le Quoc Ly; Ho Chi Minh’s Thought on youth education co-authored by Le Van Tich and Nguyen Minh Duc, etc II Research works related to the reality of applying Ho Chi Minh’s Thought in the work of educating patriotism to Vietnamese youth today II.1 Reality of lifestyle, morality and patriotism of young people There are some works such as Some typical psychological characteristics of the value orientation of young people today by Do Ngoc Ha; Globalization: the struggle of youth to choose values by Mai Lan; Orienting the value and development of young generation by Do Long; Vietnamese youth before the requirements of the national industrialization and modernization by Mac Dinh Tuan; Some negative phenomena in the current young people and youth advocacy, education by Ho Ba Tham; etc II.2 Reality of patriotism education for young people There are a number of works such as the scientific topic Ho Chi Minh’s Thought on revolutionary ideal education for young people and the application in current revolutionary practice chaired by Tran Van Hai, the book Education of patriotic tradition for the young generation today by Nghiem Dinh Vy; Ethical ideals and the education of ethical ideals for young people in current conditions by Doan Van Khiem; Value orientation for young people, students in the period of the national industrialization and modernization by Duong Tu Dam; Revolutionary ideal education for young people today by Pham Dinh Nghiep; For Vietnamese patriotism and education of traditions for the young generation by Phan Ngoc Lien; Current lifestyle of Vietnamese youth – Reality and solutions by Nguyen Van Hieu; Ho Chi Minh’s Thought on youth education by Doan Nam Dan; etc III Research works related to the proposal for solutions that would enhance the application of Ho Chi Minh’s Thought in the education of patriotism for Vietnamese youth in the coming time III.1 Solutions of educating patriotism, revolutionary morality, revolutionary ideals for young people There are the following projects: the book Heroic youth building and denfending the Socialist Vietnam Fatherland by Le Duan; the article Enhancing revolutionary ideal education for young people by Dao Ngoc Dung; the doctoral thesis titled Patriotism education for high school students in the Southeast region today by Nguyen Sy Quyet Tam; the book Patriotism education for the current young generation by Nghiem Dinh Vy; etc III.2 Solutions for youth education following Ho Chi Minh’s Thought The topic “Methodology of educating Ho Chi Minh’s Thought to young people” chaired by Pham Hong Chuong; The book “Ho Chi Minh’s Thought on revolutionary ideal education for young people and its application in current revolutionary practice chaired by Tran Van Hai; the book “Training young generations of the people into brave, intelligent and creative revolutionary soldiers” of Pham Van Dong; Culture in the youth’s personality co-authored by Do Huy and Mai Hai Anh; Educating moral consciousness to Vietnamese youth today of Vo Minh Tuan; Youth – education and development of Duong Tu Dam; Educating and cultivating the current youth following Ho Chi Minh’s Thought of Le Trong Tuyen, etc IV Values of the research works that should be consulted and the issues need further clarification IV.1 Values of the research works that should be consulted It can be said that a rich amount of knowledge with many elaborate studies on the application of Ho Chi Minh’s Thought in the education for youth in general and the education of patriotism for young generation in particular have showed the attractiveness or the special importance of this issue for the national development The scientific value of a large volume of materials, theoretical and practical studies on ideological work of the Party, on the application of Ho Chi Minh’ Thought in the education of patriotism for youth, on the quality of that work, etc is a favorable condition for the author to carry out the Thesis The literature review indicates that foreign and national scientific works have made significant contributions both in theory and practice through interpreting some of the following basic issues Firstly, the above-mentioned projects from various approaches and methodologies, authors sought to analyze, clarify some concepts such as patriotism, youth, education methodology, effective application Secondly, at another level, several works mentioned the necessity of applying Ho Chi Minh’s Thought in the education of patriotism for Vietnamese youth Thirdly, some works analyzed in depth the characteristics of young people, the situation of applying Ho Chi Minh’s Thought in youth education, clarifying the necessity to strengthen the education for youth in general and the education of patriotism for youth in particular, especially the application of his thoughts in the education of patriotism for the young generation in the context of globalization and international integration today With the achieved results, the above scientific works act as valuable references for the PhD student to perform the thesis topic “Applying Ho Chi Minh’s Thought in the work of educating patriotism for Vietnamese youth today IV.2 The issues need further clarification In general, the above research works achieved a number of results with reference value as stated, but because of the approach at different angles, many issues related to the thesis have not been mentioned by authors and scientists, which can be raised as the following Firstly, the theoretical basis of applying Ho Chi Minh’s Thought in the education of patriotism for young people has not been mentioned Secondly, the reality of applying Ho Chi Minh’s Thought in the education of patriotism for Vietnamese youth today throughout the country has not been mentioned Thirdly, the perspectives and solutions to enhance the application of Ho Chi Minh’s Thought in the education of patriotism for Vietnamese youth in the coming time have not been mentioned 10 process of social activities, in the multidimensional relationship among individuals, families, schools and society Thus, young people from birth to adulthood always have a relationship with the surrounding environment that formed patriotism In other words, the patriotism of youth may be dynamic, changing gradually over time If this change turns positive, young people will love the Fatherland much more and vice versa, etc So far there has not been any scientific work to systematically and fully study the application of Ho Chi Minh’s Thought in the education of patriotism to young people This is a significant issue and a new research direction to be exploited Chapter APPLYING HO CHI MINH’S THOUGHT IN THE WORK OF EDUCATING PATRIOTISM TO VIETNAMESE YOUTH TODAY – SOME THEORETICAL ISSUES 1.1 SOME BASIC CONCEPTS 1.1.1 Concept of Ho Chi Minh’s patriotism and Ho Chi Minh’s Thought on youth education Ho Chi Minh’s patriotism is a close combination of Ho Chi Minh’s fervent patriotic sentiment with a rigorous and profound system of reasoning, thought on patriotism, is a part of modern Vietnamese patriotism, with the basic characteristics which are uniting the national stance with the working class stance, attaching to the ideal of national independence and socialism, maintainining a harmonious combination of true patriotism and pure internationalism Ho Chi Minh’s Thought on cultivating the next revolutionary generation is Ho Chi Minh’s perspective on significance, contents, methods, forms of educating and fostering the young generation 1.1.2 Concept of Vietnamese youth and application of Ho Chi Minh’s Thought in the work of educating patriotism to Vietnamese youth today The Vietnamese youth are Vietnamese nationals, aged between 16 and 30 11 The application of Ho Chi Minh’s Thought in the education of patriotism to young people is to apply the values of Ho Chi Minh’s Thought to the systematic, purposely educational activities of the Party and the State in order to form good qualities for young people that are love, loyalty and a sense of service to the Fatherland 1.1.3 Concept of contents and methods of patriotism education for young people associated with the application of Ho Chi Minh’s Thought The contents of educating patriotism to young people on the basis of applying Ho Chi Minh’s Thought are for young people, determined on the characteristics of Ho Chi Minh’s patriotism and educational contents for young people in Ho Chi Minh’s Thought, of which are firmly defending the independence, sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity of the Fatherland; keeping faithful to the revolutionary ideals of the Party; striving to learn, working hard and respecting the law; pioneering in the revolutionary action movement The methods of patriotism education for young people associated with the application of Ho Chi Minh’s Thought are methods and forms of youth education in Ho Chi Minh’s Thought 1.2 HO CHI MINH’S PATRIOTISM, HO CHI MINH’S THOUGHT ON YOUTH EDUCATION AND APPLICATION TO DEFINING CONTENTS AND METHODS OF PATRIOTISM EDUCATION FOR VIETNAMESE YOUTH TODAY 1.2.1 Ho Chi Minh’s patriotism and Ho Chi Minh’s Thought on youth education 1.2.1.1 Ho Chi Minh’s patriotism Ho Chi Minh’s patriotism is a part of modern Vietnamese patriotism, having the following basic characteristics - Ethnic stance is united with working class stance - National independence is associated with socialism - Patriotism is combined with proletarian internationalism 1.2.1.2 Ho Chi Minh’s Thought on youth education 12 * Following Ho Chi Minh, young people are the “mainstay” of the country, are the owners of the country Therefore, educating young people to become “both talented and virtuous” is really important and essential * Contents that need to be educated to young people: - Love the Fatherland, love the people and love socialism - Revolutionary morality and revolutionary spirit - Spirit of loving labor, loving science and respecting discipline - Solidarity - Health and aesthetic education - Pioneering spirit in all action and caring, mentoring, and educating children * For educational methods and forms: Firstly, combining learning and practice, theory and practice Secondly, understanding youth, paying attention to the psychological characteristics and personality of youth, considering youth education as a work of science Thirdly, combining family, school and society for youth education Fourthly, gathering young people in the Youth Union’s organization to educate Fifthly, combining education and youth’s self-education Sixthly, setting examples, “modeling” for young people to learn and follow 2.2 Contents and methods of patriotism education for young people associated with the application of Ho Chi Minh’s Thought 1.2.2.1 Contents of patriotism education for young people Firstly, firmly protecting the independence, sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity of the Fatherland Secondly, keeping faithful to the revolutionary ideals of the Party – national independence associated with socialism Thirdly, striving to learn, working hard and respecting the law Fourthly, pioneering in the revolutionary action movement Fifthly, maintaining solidarity with young people in the world 1.2.2.2 Methods of patriotism education for young people 13 - Coordinating family, school and society - Through Ho Chi Minh Communist Youth Union - Helping young people educate themselves - Emulation, reward and setting examples 1.3 NECESSITY OF APPLYING HO CHI MINH’S THOUGHT IN THE WORK OF EDUCATING PATRIOTISM TO VIETNAMESE YOUTH TODAY 1.3.1 Importance of patriotism education for young people associated with the application of Ho Chi Minh’s Thought The patriotism education for Vietnamese youth associated with the application of Ho Chi Minh’s Thought in the new period is to arouse and promote the spirit and energy, wisdom and talent of the young generation for the purpose of concentrating on developing the economy and building the country more and more prosperously, firmly protecting the Fatherland and the revolutionary achievements, maintaining the socialist orientation, protecting and preserving the national cultural identity, enhancing Vietnam’s reputation and position in the international area 1.3.2 Significance of learning and following Ho Chi Minh’s Thought for Vietnamese youth today It helps young people realize their responsibilities for the country, humanity and goal of freeing people, with the concept of happiness, with the meaning of life, having a real scientific dialectical method and a way to recognize the world and the era in the context of the world with many complex phenomena, recognizing the future of humanity is the way that young people will come 1.3.3 Demand for innovating patriotism education for Vietnamese youth associated with the application of Ho Chi Minh’s Thought The work of educating patriotism to young people asscociated with the application of Ho Chi Minh’s Thought from perspective, awareness to content, method and form should be practical, effective and suitable for young people; making them correctly and deeply aware of the value of Ho Chi Minh’s Thought, thereby appreciating the national independence, freedom and the path chosen by our Party, Ho Chi Minh and people 14 1.3.4 Requirements of the struggle in the field of ideology and culture The work of educating patriotism to young people associated with the application of Ho Chi Minh’s Thought is a part of ideological work to protect Ho Chi Minh’s Thought and contribute to developing a class of young people who are rich in patriotism, having deep faith in the Party, having enough courage and ability to protect proletairan ideology, protect the Communist Party and protect the socialist regime Chapter APPLYING HO CHI MINH’S THOUGHT IN THE WORK OF EDUCATING PATRIOTISM TO VIETNAMESE YOUTH TODAY – REALITY AND THE QUESTIONS POSED 2.1 FACTORS AFFECTING THE APPLICATION OF HO CHI MINH’S THOUGHT IN THE WORK OF EDUCATING PATRIOTISM TO VIETNAMESE YOUTH TODAY 2.1.1 The interest of the Party and the State to young people and youth education Over the past years, the Party and the State have paid special attention to young people and youth work The interest of the Party and the State is of leadership and management subjects to young people and youth work This factor is a favorable condition for the application of Ho Chi Minh’s Thought in the education of patriotism for young people, facilitating maximum for young people to learn, work, dedicate and become a national construction and defense force and worthy successors to the revolutionary cause of our Party and people 2.1.2 Characteristics and situation of Vietnamese youth today - Young people are the age that reaches the most fullness of life They are rich in energy, dreams and ambitions Nevertheless, due to uneven psychological development rules, different living conditions and education, not every young people 15 develop themselves at an optimal level At this stage, the dominance of the worldview and outlook on life for youth activities is clearly expressed These young people who have perception in the right way on the development of the natural world, society and human beings will make appropriate plans for life, have clear aims and become useful people for themselves, family and society - Qualification is much higher than before, but weak in self-study methods - Employment for young people is better improved, young labor structure is more suitable for the economic structure However, minimizing unemployment in young people in urban areas, increasing the yearly working time of the rural youth, restructuring the industry, labor structure, etc are still urgent issues that should be addressed - Physical and mental health is better cared for, however, due to the psychological pressure on young people, the proportion of those who are suffering from mental problems such as stress, depresson, autism and neuropathy tends to rise - For political awareness, social positivity and lifestyle Political awareness, social positivity and lifestyle of young people have positive changes Nevertheless, a part of young people will not resist the temptation of money, affected by pragmatic lifestyles, less interested in political and social issues, prone to mistakes moral, negative and social evils, being abused, inciting, and engaging in disruptive and illegal acts 2.1.3 Impact of the innovation in the country With the achievements of the innovation in the country, young people are living in a more favorable economic, cultural and social environment and having many opportunities for education, development and innovation Nevertheless, the limitations of the economic, cultural and social reforms are also obstacles to the patriotism education for Vietnamese youth on the basis of applying Ho Chi Minh’s Thought 2.1.4 Impact of globalization and international integration Globalization and international integration have made economic integration, cultural exchange between countries really exciting This is a favorable factor for the 16 application of Ho Chi Minh’s Thought in the work of educating patriotism to young people Under the impact of the downside of globalization and international integration, however, young people also face with many temptations, if we not care, pay attention to this issue, the education of patriotism for young people on the basis of applying Ho Chi Minh’s Thought will not achieve the desired results 2.1.5 Effects from the rapid growth of information technology and social networks The strong development of high-speed information technology has profoundly impacted all areas of social life, increasing the amount of information many times, exponentially increasing the demand for information by the young generation, by each social organization However, using information technology to promote its true effect in a positive way is still limited, especially today young people are being bogged down in it and lost themselves Some of them use information technology too much time, it seems that it takes up all the time to rest and study If the use is not healthy, it will bring consequences, directly affecting their work and health 2.16 Negative effects from the declince of socialism and peaceful evolution strategy of the enemy forces It can be affirmed that the decline of socialism in the world and the peaceful evolution strategy of the enemy forces are thought to be old but they are still major obstacles and difficulties for the application of Ho Chi Minh’s Thought in the work of educating patriotism to Vietnamese youth today 2.2 REALITY OF APPLYING HO CHI MINH’S THOUGHT IN THE WORK OF EDUCATING PATRIOTISM TO VIETNAMESE YOUTH TODAY 2.2.1 Achievements in the practice of content and method of patriotism education for Vietnamese youth on the basis of applying Ho Chi Minh’s Thought and the causes of such achievements 2.2.1.1 Achievements in the practice of content and method of patriotism education for Vietnamese youth on the basis of applying Ho Chi Minh’s Thought * Content of patriotism education on the basis of applying Ho Chi Minh’s Thought - The educational content is basically suitable for young people 17 - After perceiving the content of patriotism education on the basis of applying Ho Chi Minh’s Thought, the majority of young people have had positive changes in their awareness, belief and action * Method of patriotism education on the basis of applying Ho Chi Minh’s Thought - The combination of family, school and society has many positive changes - The educational methods given by Ho Chi Minh Communist Youth Union have many innovations that bring quality and efficiency in the work of educating patriotism to young people on the basis of applying Ho Chi Minh’s Thought - Young people are initiative and active in the self-education of patriotism - Many talented people, good people, good deeds have been found from the movements of emulation, commendation and example for over the past years 2.2.1.2 The causes of such achievements Firstly, the leadership, direction, management of the Party and the State in the work of educating patriotism to young people associated with the application of Ho Chi Minh’s Thought by resolutions, directives and decisions, etc have pointed out the right directions in accordance with the time when the country have been promoting the industrialization, modernization and international integration more and more deeply Secondly, it is the great contribution of cadres who directly work on the education of patriotism for young people on the basis of applying Ho Chi Minh’s Thought Thirdly, the development of the program of patriotism education for young people on the basis of applying Ho Chi Minh’s Thought has been carried out in a streamlined and reduced way; The majority of educational content is suitable for the physiological mind of young people and practical demand of the country; Methods and forms of education are innovated, diversified and rich Fourthly, the achievements of the country have positively and strongly impacted the thinking and awareness of each youth for 30 years of innovation Fifthly, the healthy cultural environment has gradually been established, the material facilities serving the education of patriotism for young people on the basis of 18 applying Ho Chi Minh’s Thought have been upgraded, basically meeting the requirements of education 2.2.2 Limitations in the practice of content and method of patriotism education for Vietnamese youth on the basis of applying Ho Chi Minh’s Thought and the causes of such limitations 2.2.2.1 Limitations in the practice of content and method of patriotism education for Vietnamese youth on the basis of applying Ho Chi Minh’s Thought * The content of patriotism education for young people on the basis of applying Ho Chi Minh’s Thought has existed a number of inadequacies * The application of the method of patriotism education for Vietnamese youth in the current context following Ho Chi Minh’s Thought has been limited - The combination of family, school and society in youth education is still inadequate - A number of educational methods given by Ho Chi Minh Communist Youth Union are not really close, attracting young people to participate in - A part of young people are not self-educating, self-training in patriotism - The movements of emulation, commendation, example have been formalism, not rewarding and honoring the right people, taking examples not really examplary in morality, lifestyle, etc 2.2.2.2 The causes of such limitations Mechanisms and policies for cadres in direct charge of the education of patriotism for young people have showed several inadequacies in some places; Conditions for the requirements of patriotism education have not been met in a timely way, not suitable for the rapid development of the country Updating, innovating the content and method of patriotism education for young people for a long time has not kept pace with the development of the contry and the actual needs of the youth force The practice of resolutions, policies and laws on youth has not been synchronized in both space and time, especially of which the grass-roots level is still slow Many families have not properly perceived their role and position in educating patriotism to their children Schools have followed their achievements, attaching importance to “teaching literacy” rather than “teaching people”, disregarding the 19 disciplines of social sciences and humanities, especially science of Marxism and Leninism even in the thinking of those who manage education A part of the youth for political, social, historical and cultural isses have been limited in awareness level, superficial living capity and understanding of many areas of life, not paying attenton to learning and improving knowledge 2.3 THE QUESTIONS POSED FOR THE APPLICATION OF HO CHI MINH’S THOUGHT TO PATRIROTISM EDUCATION FOR VIETNAMESE YOUTH TODAY - Contradiction between the significance of applying Ho Chi Minh’s Thought to educating patriotism to Vietnamese youth and disregard for this work in social awareness - Contradiction between the increasing demand for qualifications and capacities and limitations or weaknesses of current subjects of patriotism education for young people on the basis of applying Ho Chi Minh’s Thought - Contradiction between the requirements to be practical and effective and limitations or inadequacies in the content and method of patriotism education for young people based on applying Ho Chi Minh’s Thought - Contradiction between the requirements to ensure the application of Ho Chi Minh’s Thought in educating patriotism to young people and limitations or shortcomings of those conditions today - Internal contradiction in a part of young people between the need to become a useful person for society and a lack of awareness of training, self-improving morality, cultivating one’s own patriotism Chapter PERSPECTIVES AND SOLUTIONS THAT WOULD ENHANCE THE APPLICATION OF HO CHI MINH’S THOUGHT IN THE WORK OF EDUCATING PATRIOTISM TO VIETNAMESE YOUTH IN THE COMING TIME 3.1 PERSPECTIVES OF ENHANCING THE APPICATION OF HO CHI MINH’S THOUGHT IN THE WORK OF EDUCATING PATRIOTISM TO VIETNAMESE YOUTH IN THE COMING TIME 20 - Ho Chi Minh’s Thought should be considered as the foundation and guideline in the work of educating patriotism to young people - It is required to master the objectives and principles of educating patriotism to Vietnamese youth on the basis of applying Ho Chi Minh’s Thought - The content and method of patriotism education for Vietnamese youth associated with the application of Ho Chi Minh’s Thought should be innovated in accordance with the current characteristics and situation of young people - It is required to have dialectical perspectives in the education of patriotism for young people on the basis of applying Ho Chi Minh’s Thought 3.2 SOLUTIONS OF ENHANCING THE APPICATION OF HO CHI MINH’S THOUGHT IN THE WORK OF EDUCATING PATRIOTISM TO VIETNAMESE YOUTH IN THE COMING TIME - To raise social awareness on the role of applying Ho Chi Minh’s Thought in the education of patriotism for young people - To improve the quality of cadres who directly work on the education of patriotism for Vietnamese youth, especially Party members - To innovate, diversify the content and method of patriotism education for young people - To create a healthy cultural environment - To pay attention to the life and legitimate interests of the youth - To innovate and promote the emulation movement among young people to become the motivation for the socio-economic development CONCLUSION Ho Chi Minh’s Thought in general and Ho Chi Minh’s patriotism, Ho Chi Minh’s Thought on youth education in particular are a system of thoughts with profound scientific and practical values That system was formed from the reception of cultural values of national traditions, the cultural elite of humanity, especially Marxism-Leninism, elements of Ho Chi Minh's subjective qualities, and adjusted, guided by his own experiences in the process of spreading Marxism-Leninism, from 21 the training of revolutionary youths through generations Ho Chi Minh's patriotism, Ho Chi Minh's Thought on youth education covers many aspects, of which notably those are the characteristiccs of Ho Chi Minh’s patriotism, the content and method of youth education, the rationale for educating and cultivating the youth through the periods In association with the goal of youth work and building new Vietnamese people today, from the the current quality of patriotism education for the young generation in Vietnam today, enhancing the application of Ho Chi Minh’s Thought is an urgent task in both theoretical and practical aspects In every revolutionary period, young people are always a pioneering force, an effective arm, a beloved team of our Party, revolution and people Patriotism for young people acts as an indispensable characteristic, a goal, a great motivation to inspire young people to overcome all difficulties to rise forward If lacking patriotism, it is easy for young people to fall into a pragmatic, selfish way of life and also be easily exploited by others for evil purposes, against the interests of the people and the country Promoting the education of patriotism for young people associated with the application of Ho Chi Minh’s Thought is an urgent task in both theoretical and practical aspects, in order to form a class of elite young people who are stable in political stance, steadfast in the socialist path, rich in patriotism, with great ideals, with great ambitions to contribute to the whole Party, the whole army and all our people for the purpose of successfully achieving the goal of rich people, strong country, democratic, fair and civilized society Over the past years, with the attention of the Party, the State, departments, unions, families, schools and society, the education of patriotism for young people have obtained encouraging results Thus, it has contributed to the formation of valuable qualities of patriotism in most young people As a result, the majority of young people have patriotism, trust in the Party's leadership, in the victory of the cause of building socialism, love the people, actively foster revolutionary ideals, cultivate revolutionary morality, train cultural lifestyles, care about the destiny of the country, be willing to accept difficult tasks, passionate about learning, work hard, respect discipline, have a sense of solidarity, etc Nevertheless, this work still has many shortcomings and 22 limitations That is, the program and the content of education are slowly innovated, not associated with reality, nor really suitable for young people; basic education is integrated in other activities, educational methods are monotonous, dry, unattractive; material conditions for education are backward and poor; the quality and capacity of some teachers, lecturers, reporters, propagandists, politicians, Union officials, and those who directly work on the education of patriotism for the younger generation are limited These shortcomings resulting in the education of patriotism for young people have not yet achieved as our expectations and desires Therefore, studying, properly appreciating the actual situation, pointing out the causes, recognizing the questions posed by the reality and seeking solutions to promote achievements and overcome limitations are really urgent requirements in this work The above application of Ho Chi Minh’s Thought in the patriotism education for young people is both a science and an art, is a difficult, complicated and longterm task, especially in the current situation that should have the same strength and responsibility of the whole political system Therefore, it is necessary to adhere to appropriate views and solutions to fully impact all stages and processes to enhance this work The desire of the Party, the State and all of our people is to build a strong, democratic and civilized Vietnam in the coming time whether or not it will become a reality depending largely on what we prepare for the young generation today, including the application of Ho Chi Minh's Thought on educating patriotism to young people After summarizing 30 years of innovation, our Party draws some lessons, of which the number one is to be active and non-stop creative based on the steadfast goal of national independence and socialism, creatively applying and developing Marxism-Leninism and Ho Chi Minh's Thought into Vietnamese revolutionary practice Thus, the application of Ho Chi Minh's Thought in the work of educating patriotism to Vietnamese youth plays a significant role, is a current urgent requirement to create a class of young people who are "both talented and virtuous", having a strong political spirit, keeping faithful to the goal of national independence and socialism, having the will to rise up to establish themselves and establish a 23 career, having desires to enrich themselves legally, to win poorly, backward, voluntarily, emulating to participate in the socio-economic development, actively contributing to the cause of building and protecting the Socialist Vietnamese Fatherland Innovating and improving the quality of patriotism education for young people following the direction of promoting the application of Ho Chi Minh’s Thought would contribute to improving the quality of youth education and youth work, arousing patriotism, self-respect, national pride in every young man - the future owners of the country, creating a generation of “talented and virtuous” young people who would successfully implement and protect the Socialist Vietnamese Fatherland in the current period 24 SCIENTIFIC WORKS PUBLISHED BY THE AUTHOR Living ideal of young people following Ho Chi Minh’s Thought, Party History Magazine, No (271/6-2013), p.43-46, 52 Ho Chi Minh – founder and leader of our Party, Ho Chi Minh Research Magazine, No 1-2015, p.68-75 Vietnamese patriotism, patriotic tradition of Nghe An homeland and family ethics in the search for a way to save the country, save the people by Nguyen Tat Thanh – Ho Chi Minh, Proceedings of the scientific conference "Ho Chi Minh - Vision of the era", Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics – Ho Chi Minh municipal committee, on June 3, 2016 Current lifestyle of Vietnamese youth and some specific solutions to improve the effectiveness of lifestyle education for the younger generation, Theoretical Activities Magazine, No (140)/2016, Tr.42-46 Contents of education of patrioticism for Vietnamese youth today, Labor and Trade Union Magazine, No 606 (October 2016), p.10-11 Some solutions to improve the effectiveness of education of patrioticism for Vietnamese youth today, Labor and Trade Union Magazine, No 607, (11/2016), p.14-15 Ho Chi Minh with the ultimate desire “Everyone can learn”, Labor and Trade Union Magazine, No 608 (11/2016), p.4-5 Ho Chi Minh with the training and fostering of teachers in Vietnamese education, Front Magzine, No 159 (11/2016), p.56-58 Students with the inheritance and promotion of good values of traditional national lifestyle, Electronic Political Theory Magazine, September 13, 2017 ... significance of this work to the development of the country, the topic Applying Ho Chi Minh’s Thought in the work of educating patriotism to Vietnamese youth today was selected for the doctoral thesis. .. WORK OF EDUCATING PATRIOTISM TO VIETNAMESE YOUTH IN THE COMING TIME 3.1 PERSPECTIVES OF ENHANCING THE APPICATION OF HO CHI MINH’S THOUGHT IN THE WORK OF EDUCATING PATRIOTISM TO VIETNAMESE YOUTH IN. .. education, etc The research works related to the application of Ho Chi Minh’s Thought in the work of educating patriotism to Vietnamese youth all showed great values of Ho Chi Minh’s Thought and patriotism
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