042 logging kho tài liệu training

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Ngày đăng: 17/11/2019, 08:18

Logging LinuxTrainingAcademy.com What You Will Learn ● ● ● ● Why log Syslog standard Generating log messages Custom logging functions LinuxTrainingAcademy.com Logging ● ● ● Logs are the who, what, when, where, and why Output may scroll off the screen Script may run unattended (via cron, etc.) LinuxTrainingAcademy.com Syslog ● The syslog standard uses facilities and severities to categorize messages ○ ○ ● Facilities: kern, user, mail, daemon, auth, local0, local7 Severities: emerg, alert, crit, err, warning, notice, info, debug Log file locations are configurable: ○ ○ /var/log/messages /var/log/syslog LinuxTrainingAcademy.com Logging with logger ● ● The logger utility By default creates user.notice messages logger logger logger logger "Message" -p local0.info "Message" -t myscript -p local0.info "Message" -i -t myscript "Message" LinuxTrainingAcademy.com $ logger "Message" Aug 01:22:34 linuxsvr jason: Message $ logger -p local0.info "Message" Aug 01:22:41 linuxsvr jason: Message $ logger -s -p local0.info "Message" jason: Message # < Displayed on screen LinuxTrainingAcademy.com $ logger -t myscript -p local0.info "Message" Aug 01:22:44 linuxsvr myscript: Message $ logger -i -t myscript "Message" Aug 01:22:53 linuxsvr myscript[12986]: Message LinuxTrainingAcademy.com logit () { local LOG_LEVEL=$1 shift MSG=$@ TIMESTAMP=$(date +"%Y-%m-%d %T") if [ $LOG_LEVEL = 'ERROR' ] || $VERBOSE then echo "${TIMESTAMP} ${HOST} ${PROGRAM_NAME}[${PID}]: ${LOG_LEVEL} ${MSG}" fi } LinuxTrainingAcademy.com logit INFO "Processing data." fetch-data $HOST || logit ERROR "Could not fetch data from $HOST" LinuxTrainingAcademy.com Summary ● ● ● ● Why log Syslog standard Generating log messages Custom logging functions LinuxTrainingAcademy.com ... Custom logging functions LinuxTrainingAcademy.com Logging ● ● ● Logs are the who, what, when, where, and why Output may scroll off the screen Script may run unattended (via cron, etc.) LinuxTrainingAcademy.com... debug Log file locations are configurable: ○ ○ /var/log/messages /var/log/syslog LinuxTrainingAcademy.com Logging with logger ● ● The logger utility By default creates user.notice messages logger... ${PROGRAM_NAME}[${PID}]: ${LOG_LEVEL} ${MSG}" fi } LinuxTrainingAcademy.com logit INFO "Processing data." fetch-data $HOST || logit ERROR "Could not fetch data from $HOST" LinuxTrainingAcademy.com Summary ● ● ● ●
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