REPORTED SPEECH

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Ngày đăng: 19/09/2019, 07:15

REPORTED SPEECH Câu tường thuật: diễn đạt lại lời nói người khác CÁC BƯỚC LÀM Xác định loại câu trực tiếp sau xác định Xác định động từ dùng tường thuật lại c chia Xác định tân ngữ, chủ ngữ dùng câu gián tiếp Xác định trạng từ thời gian, địa điểm dùng câu gián tiếp RULE 1: cấu trúc Said + that+ … Told + me + that+ … Ex: “ I picked you up yesterday”, he said to me = he said that he had picked me up the day before ⇒.Told phải có object theo sau said khơng có RULE 2: đổi Ban đầu – direct speech Chuyển – indirect speech HTĐ QKĐ HTHT/QKĐ/QKHT QKHT HTTD QKTD QKTD QKTD/ QKHTTD Will Would Can Could May Might Must Must/ had to RULE 3: chuyển pronouns and time expressions Direct speech Inderect speech Here There Now Then This/ these That/ those Tonight That night Today That day Tomorrow The next day Yesterday The day before, the previous day The next day The following day RULE 4: với câu hỏi – reporting questions In yes/no questions use: if/ whether ex: have you been here long? = he asked if I had been there long In wh – questions use: ask ex: where you come from? = he asked me where I came from How are you? = he asked me how I was RULE 5: REQUEST AND COMMANDS Use tell or ask don’t use say Ex: “hurry up, please!” he said = he told me to hurry up Dùng to V – nguyên thể ko cần lùi câu RULE 6: động từ kèm với TO V(bare) advise Agree Apology Offer Order Promise Request Suggest Invite sb to V encourage Want Refuse Threaten Begged (khẩn cầu) remind command recommend Decide Hope Urge Persuade instruct remind RULE 7: động từ kèm với Ving Remind sb of Deny Admit (chấp nhận) Stop /prevent (from) Congratulate sb on Dream of Apologize to sb for Accuse (buộc tội) Insist on (khăng khăng) Object to Ving Look forward to Warn sb against Complain sb about Regret Think of Accuse sb of Thank sb for ... direct speech Chuyển – indirect speech HTĐ QKĐ HTHT/QKĐ/QKHT QKHT HTTD QKTD QKTD QKTD/ QKHTTD Will Would Can Could May Might Must Must/ had to RULE 3: chuyển pronouns and time expressions Direct speech. .. May Might Must Must/ had to RULE 3: chuyển pronouns and time expressions Direct speech Inderect speech Here There Now Then This/ these That/ those Tonight That night Today That day Tomorrow The
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