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BÀI TẬP VIẾT LẠI CÂU Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions Question 1: French is the only language other than English spoken on five continents A French and English are the only languages that are spoken on five continents B Unlike French, English is spoken on five continents C French and English are spoken widely in official and commercial circles D Before English, French was the only language spoken on five continents Question 2: “Don’t forget to submit your assignments by Friday,” said the teacher to the students A The teacher reminded the students to submit their assignments by Friday B The teacher allowed the students to submit their assignments by Friday C The teacher ordered the students to submit their assignments by Friday D The teacher encouraged the students to submit their assignments by Friday Question 3: He didn’t eat anything but small pieces of bread and butter A He ate small pieces of bread and butter but didn’t like them B He only ate some small pieces of bread and butter C He didn’t eat anything, not even the bread and butter D He didn’t touch the bread and butter, but he ate other things ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ Question 4: Sometimes what is best for society is not always good for an individual living in that society A From time to time, there is a conflict between the benefits of a society and an individual living in that society B Individuals not always seek for the best of the society they live in C It is impossible for individuals to accept the rules of the society they live in D What is best for individuals is always suitable for the society they live in Question 5: Much to my surprise, I found her lecture on wild animals extremely interesting A Contrary to my expectations, her lecture on wild animals was the most fascinating of all B I was fascinated by what she said in her lecture on wild animals though I hadn’t expected to be C I hadn’t expected her to lecture on wild animals, but she spoke well D It was at her lecture on wild animals that I realized I needed to study it Question 6: I had no sooner got to know my neighbors than they moved away A Soon after I got to know my new neighbors, I stopped having contact with them B If my new neighbors had stayed longer, I would have got to know them better C Once I had got used to my new neighbors, they moved somewhere else D Hardly had I become acquainted with my new neighbors when they went somewhere else to live ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ Question 7: Our chances of success are very small A It’s not very likely that we will succeed B There is possibility that we will achieve success C We will certainly be very successful D We have no chances, so we are not successful Question 8: There were so many people on the bus that Sally couldn’t get a seat A The bus was too crowded for Sally not to get a seat B The bus was so crowded that there was nowhere for Sally to sit C So crowded the bus was that Sally couldn’t get a seat D The crowded bus did not prevent Sally from getting a seat Question 9: “No, no, you really must stay with us! said the children A The children denied my staying with them B The children refused to let me stay with them C The children didn’t agree to let stay with them D The children insisted on my staying with them ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ Question 10: We must remember what happened in the past so that it will never happen again A If we could remember the past, it would not happen again B Since we all tend to forget what happened in the past we make the same mistakes again C We couldn’t remember what happened in the past so we did it again D In order not to repeat the past, we should certainly not forget what happened then Question 11: After failing a doping test at the Beijing Olympics, John was stripped of his gold medal A At the Seoul Beijing John and many others were disqualified after failing a doping test B If John hadn’t been tested positive for doping at the Beijing Olympics, he wouldn’t have lost his gold medal C Since John confessed having used doping his gold medal was taken back D Although John failed the doping test he wasn’t disqualified from the Beijing Olympics Question 12: The only members of the cat family that can roar are lions, leopards, tigers, and jaguars but lions are by far the loudest A Like leopards, tigers, and jaguars, lions are among the members of the cat family that can roar B Since lions come from the same cat family as leopards, tigers and jaguars do, they can roar as loud as the others C Lions, leopards, tigers, and jaguars are the only four cats that can roar; however, the others can’t roar as loudly as lions D The roar of a lion is loud enough to make other animals, such as leopards or tigers, feel frightened ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ Question 13: “I will come back early I really will!” She said A She promised to come back early B She reminded me to come back early C She refused to come back early D She offered to come back early Question 14: I thought he was the right person for the position, yet it turned out that he was quite useless A Because I was expecting him to be incompetent, I was shocked to see him perform rather well B I was mistaken about his suitability for the position since he proved rather incompetent C Contrary to my initial impression, he was not totally unsuitable for the position D I was right in thinking that he was totally useless for the job Question 15: Friendly though she may seem, she’s not to be trusted A However friendly she seems, she’s not to be trusted, B She’s too friendly to be trusted C However she seems friendly, she’s not to be trusted, D She may have friends, but she’s not to be trusted ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ Question 16: If I hadn’t had so much work to I would have gone to the movies A Because I had to so much work I couldn’t go to the movies B I would go to the movies when I had done so much work C A lot of work couldn’t prevent me from going to the movies D I never go to the movies if I have work to Question 17: “If I were you, I would marry him”, she said to me A She said to me that if I were you, I would marry him B She said to me that she will marry him if she is me C She suggested to marry him if she were me D She advised me to marry him Question 18: The last time I saw David was when I ran into him at the station on my way to New York A I haven’t seen David since a chance meeting with him at the station when I was setting off for New York B When I last went to New York, I happened to meet David at the station C When I last saw David at the station in New York, I ran after him D I finally saw David at the station when I was on my way to New York ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ Question 19: I couldn’t have run my business successfully without my father’s money A Had it not been for my father’s money, I couldn’t have run my business successfully B I could have run my business successfully without my father’s money C If I could run my business successfully, my father would give me his money D If I couldn’t have run my business successfully, I would have had my father’s money Question 20: She shouldn’t have forgotten that yesterday was her daughter’s birthday A She had a birthday which her daughter forgot B Yesterday, she remembered when her daughter’s birthday was C She failed to remember the date of her daughter’s birthday, D Her daughter forgot her own birthday Question 21: The film bears little resemblance to the original novel A The film and the original novel resemble in many ways B The film is very similar to the original novel C The film and the original novel differ in some ways D The film is completely different from the original novel ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ Question 22: No one has sent me that letter A I haven’t been sent that letter B I wasn’t sent that letter C That letter hasn’t been sent me D That letter has sent to me by no one Question 23: “Why don’t you have your room repainted?” said Bob to Linda A Bob suggested having Linda’s room repainted B Bob asked Linda why she didn’t repaint her room C Bob suggested that Linda should have her room repainted D Bob suggested that Linda should repaint her room Question 24: I don’t have enough money; otherwise, I would buy that bag A If I didn’t have money, I would buy that bag B If I had much money, I wouldn’t buy that bag C If I had enough money, I would buy that bag D If I didn’t have money, I won’t buy that house ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ Question 25: Our parents join hands to give us a nice house and a happy home A Our parents take us by the hand and lead us into a nice house and a happy home B Our parents hold our hands when they give us a nice house and a happy home C Our parents work together to give us a nice house and a happy home D Our parents shake hands when they give us a nice house and a happy home Question 26: My son shows a desire to put aside the status of the school child A The status of the school child makes my son happy B My son is determined to put up with the other school children C My son decides to play down the status of the school child D My son doesn't want to be a school child any more Question 27: You should take regular exercises instead of sitting in front of the computer screen all day A Taking regular exercises is better than sitting in front of the computer screen all day B Sitting in front of the computer screen all day helps you take regular exercises C Sitting in front of the computer screen all day and taking exercises are advisable D Don’t take regular exercises, and sit in front of the computer screen all day ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 10 Question 28: “I’m sorry for being late again.” said Mai A I felt sorry for Mai as she was late again B Mai was sorry for my being late again C Mai excused for my being late again D Mai apologized for being late again Question 29: She must have had a blackout after the accident A She must have lost consciousness after the accident B She must have been depressed after the accident C Her body was all covered with bruises after the accident D There must have been no power in the neighbourhood after the accident because the car had hit a lamp post Question 30: Tom no longer smokes a lot A Tom now smokes a lot B Tom used to smoke a lot C Tom didn’t use to smoke a lot D Tom rarely smoked a lot ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 11 Question 31: You should have persuaded him to change his mind A You should persuade him to change his mind B You didn’t persuade him to change because of his mind C It was essential to persuade him to change his mind but you didn’t D You persuaded him to change his mind but he didn’t listen Question 32: Bill’s English is much better than it was A Bill speaks English better now than he did before B Bill has started to learn English but doesn’t speak it well C Bill has always spoken good English D Bill’s English was much better than it is now Question 33: They said that Sally had quit five jobs before working for us A They said that five jobs had been quit by Sally before working for us B Sally worked for us then she quit five other jobs C It was said that Sally had quit five jobs before working for us D Sally said that she had quit five jobs before working for us ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 12 Question 34: His dog was so fierce that nobody would visit him A He had a such fierce dog that nobody would visit him B He had so fierce a dog that nobody would visit him C He had a so fierce dog that nobody would visit him D His dog was too fierce to visit Question 35: "If I were you, I’d buy that house." Ms Hoa said to Ms Lan A Ms Hoa promised Ms Lan that he would buy that house B Ms Hoa advised Ms Lan to buy that house C Ms Hoa suggested Ms Lan to buy that house D Ms Hoa forced Ms Lan to buy that house Question 36: You needn’t hurry because there is a delay of about two hours A There is a delay of about two hours and therefore you mustn’t hurry B It is not possible for you to hurry because there is a delay of about two hours C It is not necessary for you to hurry because there is a delay of about two hours D You mustn’t hurry because there is a delay of about two hours ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 13 Question 37: Although he was very tired, he agreed to help me with my homework A Tired as he was, he agreed to help me with my homework B Despite being very tired, but he agreed to help me with my homework C Tired though he was, but he agreed to help me with my homework D As tired as was he, he agreed to help me with my homework Question 38: Why don’t you get your hair cut, Nam?” said Hung A Hung advised Nam to cut his hair B Nam was suggested to cut his hair C It was suggestablc that Hung get Nam’s hair cut D Hung suggested that Nam should have his hair cut Question 39: Kelly ran into her former teacher on the way to the cinema yesterday A Kelly caused an accident to her teacher while she was going to the cinema B Kelly’s car ran over her teacher on the way to the cinema C Kelly happened to meet her teacher while she was going to the cinema D Kelly’s teacher got run over whole she was going to the cinema ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 14 Question 40: As soon as we arrived at the beach, it started to rain A We had no sooner arrived at the beach, it started to rain B No sooner had we arrived at the beach than it started to rain C We had hardly arrived at the beach, it started to rain D It started to rain when arriving at the beach Question 41: No one has ever seen the old woman again since then A The old woman has not been seen again by no one since then B The old woman has never seen anyone since then C The old woman was not seen by anyone since then D The old woman has never been seen again since then Question 42: I found myself at a loss to understand my closest friend’s words A I understood my closest friend’s words completely B I found my closest friend’s words easy to understand C I lost heart and didn’t understand my closest friend’s words D I found my closest friend’s words quite incomprehensible ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 15 Question 43: I should have finished my homework last night but I was exhausted A I finished my homework last night although I was exhausted B I was exhausted so I didn’t finish my homework last night as planned C Last night I was exhausted but I tried to finish my homework D My homework was finished last night but I was exhausted Question 44: She was still bad at English although she put much effort into it A She was still bad at English despite the fact that she put much effort into it B She was still bad at English, so she put much effort into it C She was still bad at English but she put much effort into it D She was still bad at English and she put much effort into it Question 45: Daisy poured her heart out to me A Daisy told me her secret feelings B Daisy was very angry with me C Daisy and I did some exercises D Daisy and I fell in love with each other ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 16 Question 46: She last had her eyes tested ten months ago A She had tested her eyes ten months before B She had not tested her eyes for ten months then C She hasn’t had her eyes tested for ten months D She didn’t have any test on her eyes in ten months Question 47: Until he spoke I hadn’t realized he didn’t know anything about the subject A If he didn’t speak, I wouldn’t realize he didn’t know anything about the subject B If he hadn’t spoken, I wouldn’t have realized he didn’t know anything about the subject C Unless he spoke I wouldn’t realize he didn’t know anything about the subject D When he spoke I hadn’t realized he didn’t know anything about the subject Question 48: There is no doubt that John is the best candidate for the job A John is by all means the best candidate for the job B Without question, John is the best candidate for the job C In all likelihood, John is the best candidate for the job D Quite by chance, John is the best candidate for the job ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 17 Question 49: My goal was to train myself to learn as much as possible to prepare for the future A I aimed at training myself to learn as much as possible to prepare for the future B Self-training to learn as much as possible to prepare for the future is my desire C I try to attain the goal of learning as much as possible to prepare for the future D I train myself as much as possible with the aim of preparing for the future Question 50: “You should have finished the report by now,” Mr Huy told his secretary A Mr Huy reminded his secretary of finishing the report on time B Mr Huy said that his secretary had not finished the report C Mr Huy scolded to his secretary for not having finished the report D Mr Huy reproached his secretary for not having finished the report Question 51: Immediately, after his arrival, things went wrong A No longer did he arrive, but things still went wrong B When he was arriving, things went wrong C Because he arrived, things still went wrong D No sooner had he arrived than things went wrong ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 18 Question 52: The car was very expensive and she couldn’t afford it A The car was expensive so that she couldn’t buy it B The car was too expensive for her to buy C She was rich enough to buy the car D She was so poor but she bought the car Question 53: You will get a raise in salary after six months A Your salary will be risen after you work for six months B After six months your salary will be raised C You’ll get your salary after six months’ work D After six month your salary will be raised Question 54: “Don’t forget to tidy up the final draft before submission,” the team leader told us A The team leader reminded us to tidy up the final draft before submission B The team leader warned us to tidy up the final draft before submission C The team leader ordered us to tidy up the final draft before submission D The team leader simply wanted us to tidy up the final draft before submission ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 19 Question 55: Lisa was afraid the neighbors would despise her for not having a washing machine A What a surprised the neighbors was that Lisa didn’t have a washing machine B Lisa was afraid the neighbors would know she didn’t have a washing machine C The neighbors felt sorry for Lisa because she didn’t have a washing machine D Lisa was afraid the neighbors would look down on her for not having a washing machine Question 56: “I wouldn’t apply for that job, Lan, if I were you,” said Minh A Minh advised Lan not to apply for that job B Minh recommended Lan not apply for that job C Minh felt sorry because Lan applied for that job D Minh apologized to Lan for applying for that job Question 57: The critics undervalued his new book A The critics rejected his new book B The critics were fed up with his new book C The critics had a low opinion of his new book D The critics turned down his new book ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 20 Question 58: You are in this mess right now because you didn’t listen to me in the first place A If you listened to my advice in the first place, you wouldn’t be in this mess right now B If you listen to my advice in the first place, you will not be in this mess right now C If you had listened to my advice in the first place, you wouldn’t be in this mess right now D If you had listened to my advice in the first place, you wouldn’t have been in this mess right now Question 59: It was only when I left home that I realized how much my family meant to me A As soon as I left home, I found out what a family could without B I left home and didn’t realize how meaningful my family was C Not until I left home did I realize how much my family meant to me D Before I left home, I realized how much my family meant to me Question 60: Mike put a fence so that people didn’t walk on his garden A Mike put a fence because he wants to remind people to walk on his garden B Mike put a fence to prevent people from walking on his garden C In order to tell people to walk on his garden, Mike put a fence D So as to encourage people to walk on his garden, Mike put a fence ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 21 Question 61: In spite of his poverty, he led a devoted life to the revolutionary cause A Although he was poor, he led a devoted life to the revolutionary cause B He led a devoted life to the revolutionary cause, but he was so poor C If he had not been so poor, he could have devoted his life to the revolutionary cause D He could not devote his life to the revolutionary cause because of his poverty Question 62: It was only when we arrived in Kenya that we saw hippos and giraffes A When we arrived in Kenya we only saw hippos and giraffes B We arrived in Kenya only when we saw hippos and giraffes C We only arrived in Kenya when we saw hippos and giraffes D Only when we arrived in Kenya did we see hippos and giraffes Question 63: This party is ‘evening dress’ only A You have to dress up this evening B I dress up only for this evening party B Mary was happy to give Alex the present C Mary was sorry to receive the present for Alex D Mary thanked Alex for the present Question 98: We last went to that cinema months ago A We didn’t go to the cinema for months B We have been to the cinema for months C We haven’t been to the cinema for months D We didn’t want to go to the cinema anymore Question 99: Without my tutor’s help, I couldn’t have made such a good speech A Had my tutor not helped me, I couldn’t make such a good speech B If my tutor didn’t help me, I couldn’t make such a good speech C If it hadn’t been for my tutor’s help, I couldn’t have made such a good speech D If my tutor hadn’t helped me, I could have made such a good speech ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 34 Question 100: John said, “You’d better not lend them any money, Daisy.” A John asked Daisy if she had lent them any money B John commanded Daisy not to lend them any money C John advised Daisy not to lend them any money D John ordered Daisy not to lend them any money Question 101: “Get out of my car or I’ll call the police!” Jane shouted to the strange man A Jane politely told the man she would call the police if he didn't leave her car B Jane plainly said that she would call the police C Jane threatened to call the police if the man didn't leave her car, D Jane informed the strange man that she would call the police Question 102: We started working here three years ago A We have worked here for three years B We worked here for three years C We will work here for three years D We have no longer worked here for three years ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 35 Question 103: People say that he won a lot of money on the Vietlott A He is said to have won a lot of money on the Vietlott B He was said that he won a lot of money on the Vietlott C He is said to win a lot of money on the Vietlott D He won a lot of money on the Vietlott as people said Question 104: I have never played golf before A It is the first time had played golf B This is the first time I have ever played golf C It is the last time I played golf D I used to play golf but I gave it up already Question 105: “Sorry, we’re late It took us ages to look for a parking place," said John A John finally found a parking place after a long time searching even though they were late B John said that he was late because he had spent a lot of time finding a parking place C John said sorry for being late because he had to try his best to look for a parking place D John apologized for being late because it took them much time to find a parking place ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 36 Question 106: It is likely that the council will convene next week A The council must convene next week B The council can’t convene next week C The council will not convene next week D The council may convene next week Question 107: First impression on university life varies from student to student A University life makes the students vary in impression B No two students share the same experience at the university C Each student has his/her own first impression on university life D Students hold different viewpoints on university life Question 108: “You are a newcomer here, aren’t you?” she asked me A She wanted to know why I did not come here again B She asked me whether I was a newcomer there C She did not know that I am the newcomer D She told me she was a newcomer in that place ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 37 Question 109: People think that increasing levels of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases will inevitably lead to global warming A Global warming is thought to result in increasing levels of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases B Increasing levels of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases is thought to be responsible for global warming C Increasing levels of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases is attributed to global warming D Global warming is blamed for increasing levels of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases Question 110: John no longer drinks a lot A John rarely drank a lot B John used to drink a lot C John didn’t use to drink a lot D John now drinks a lot Question 111: ‘Stop smoking or you’ll be ill,’ the doctor told me A I was ordered not to smoke to recover from illness B The doctor advised me to give up smoking to avoid illness C The doctor suggested smoking to treat illness D I was warned against smoking a lot of cigarettes ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 38 Question 112: “I haven’t been very open-minded,” said the manager A The manager promised to be very open-minded B The manager admitted not having been very open-minded C The manager denied having been very open-minded D The manager refused to have been very open-minded Question 113: They believe that burning fossil fuels is the main cause of air pollution A It is believed that burning fossil fuels is held responsible for air pollution B Burning fossil fuels is believed to result from air pollution C Burning fossil fuels is believed to have caused high levels of air pollution D It is believed that air pollution is mainly to blame for burning fossil fuels Question 114: Nam used to work as a journalist for a local newspaper A Nam enjoyed working as a journalist for a local newspaper B Nam no longer likes the job as a journalist for a local newspaper C Nam has stopped working as a journalist for a local newspaper D Nam refused to work as a journalist for a local newspaper ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 39 ĐÁP ÁN BÀI TẬP VIẾT LẠI CÂU Question Chọn đáp án A Câu ban đầu: Tiếng Pháp ngôn ngữ ngoại trừ Tiếng Anh nói châu lục Cấu trúc: - other than: ngoại trừ E.g: I don’t know any French people other than you, A Tiếng Pháp Tiếng Anh ngôn ngữ nói châu lục B Khơng giống Tiếng Pháp, Tiếng Anh nói châu lục C Tiếng Pháp Tiếng Anh nói nhiều nhóm văn phòng thương mại D Trước Tiếng Anh, Tiếng Pháp ngơn ngữ nói châu lục Question Chọn đáp án A Câu ban đầu: “Đừng quên nộp tập em trước thứ nhé,” giáo viên nói với học sinh Cấu trúc: - remind sb to sth: nhắc nhở làm - allow sb to sth: cho phép làm - order sb to sth: lệnh làm - encourage sb to sth: khuyến khích/ động viên làm Ta dùng: “Don’t forget + to V “Đừng qn làm đó” để đưa lời nhắc nhở Note Reported speech with infinitives: Form 1: S + V + O + (not) + to V, … Các động từ thường gặp dạng ask; tell; order (ra lệnh); invite (mời); beg (cầu xin); urge (hối thúc); encourage (khuyến khích); advise (khuyên); warn (cảnh báo); remind (nhắc nhở); command (ra lệnh); entreat (mong đợi); forbid (ngăn cấm); invite (mời); instruct (hướng dẫn); persuade (thuyết phục); recommend (khuyên); request (yêu cầu) E.g: “Don’t forget to get up early.”, my mother said My mother reminded me to get up early (Mẹ nhắc nhở thức dậy sớm) Form 2: S + V + to V, … Các động từ thường gặp dạng promise (hứa); threaten (đe dọa); agree (đồng ý); offer (đề nghị giúp ai); refuse (từ chối); propose (có ý định); volunteer (tình nguyện); hope (hi vọng); demand (yêu cầu); guarantee (bảo đảm); swear/vow (thề nguyền) E.g: " I will kill you if you call police", the man said => The man threatened to kill me if I called the police Question Chọn đáp án B Câu ban đầu: Cậu khơng ăn thứ vài mẩu bánh mỳ bơ A Cậu ăn mẩu bánh mỳ nhỏ bơ khơng thích chúng B Cậu ăn vài mẩu bánh mỳ bơ C Cậu không ăn thứ gì, bánh mỳ bơ D Cậu không động đến bánh mỳ bơ, cậu ăn thứ khác Question Chọn đáp án A Câu ban đầu: Đôi điều tốt cho xã hội không tốt cho cá nhân sống xã hội A Đơi có mâu thuẫn lợi ích xã hội cá nhân sống xã hội B Các cá nhân khơng ln ln tìm kiếm điều tốt xã hội mà họ sống C Không thể cho cá nhân chấp nhận quy tắc xã hội mà họ sống D Điều tốt cho cá nhân phù hợp cho xã hội mà họ sống + sometimes ~ from time to time, ocassionally: thỉnh thoảng, Question Chọn đáp án B Câu ban đầu: Rất ngạc nhiên, thấy giảng cô động vật hoang dã vô thú vị A Trái với mong đợi mình, tơi thấy giảng cô động vật hoang dã thú B Tôi bị hút mà nói giảng động vật hoang dã không mong đợi C Tôi không mong đợi cô giảng động vật hoang dã, nói tốt D Tại giảng cô động vật hoang dã, nhận cần học thêm Question 6Chọn đáp án D Câu ban đầu: Ngay quen người hàng xóm họ chuyển nơi khác A Ngay sau tơi quen người hàng xóm tơi ngừng liên lạc với họ B Nếu người hàng xóm tơi lại lâu tơi quen họ C Một tơi quen với hàng xóm họ chuyển đến nơi khác D Ngay quen với hàng xóm họ đến nơi khác sống + no sooner than ~ hardly when: Question Chọn đáp án A Câu ban đầu: Cơ hội thành công nhỏ A Khơng có khả thành cơng B Có khả thành công C Chúng ta chắn thành cơng D Chúng ta khơng có hội nên không thành công Question Chọn đáp án B Câu ban đầu: Có nhiều người xe buýt mà Sally khơng thể có chỗ ngồi A sai ngữ pháp (sửa thành: The bus was too crowded for Sally to get a seat.)  cấu trúc too: S + be + too + adj + (for O) + to V B Xe buýt đông mà khơng có chỗ cho Sally ngồi  cấu trúc: S + be + so + adj + that + a clause (quá đễn nỗi mà ) C sai ngữ pháp (sửa thành: So crowded was the bus that Sally couldn’t get a seat)  đảo ngữ với so: so + adj+be + S +that+ D sai nghĩa (Xe buýt đông đúc không ngăn cản Sally có chỗ ngồi.)  cấu trúc: prevent sb from doing sth (ngăn cản làm gì) Question Chọn đáp án D Câu ban đầu: “Không, không, mẹ phải lại với bọn con!” đứa trẻ nói Cấu trúc: - deny + V-ing: phủ nhận làm - refuse + to V: từ chối làm - agree + to V: đồng ý làm - insist on + V-ing: khăng khăng đòi, nài nỉ làm A, B, C sai nghĩa D Bọn trẻ khăng khăng đòi tơi lại với chúng Note 15 Reported speech with gerunds: Form 1: S + V + O + V-ing/ N Các động từ thường gặp dạng là: Apologize / apologise (to O) for V-ing: xin lỗi (ai) Thank + O + for V-ing: cảm ơn việc việc Suspect + O + of+ V-ing: nghi ngờ làm Accuse + O + of V-ing: buộc tội điều Warn + O + against V-ing : cảnh báo/ cảnh cáo Congratulate + O + on V-ing: chúc mừng không nên làm việc Criticize/ Reproach + O + for + Ving: trích/ Forgive + O + for + V-ing: tha thứ cho việc phê bình việc gì Blame sb for sth: đổ lỗi cho việc ~ Blame Prevent + O + from V-ing = Stop + O + from V- sth on sb: đổ lỗi việc cho ing: ngăn cản khơng cho làm E.g: “I won’t allow you to play games”, the mother said to the boy => The mother prevented / stopped the boy from playing games Form 2: S + V + Ving Các động từ thường gặp dạng là: advise (khuyên); suggest (đề nghị); admit (thừa nhận/ thú nhận”; deny (phù nhận), stop (ngừng) E.g: “I didn't that”, lie said => He denied doing that Form 3: S + V + giới từ + Ving Các động từ thường gặp như: Dream (dreamt / dreamed) of V-ing (mơ việc / điều gì) Insist on + V-ing (khăng khăng, cố nài, năn nỉ làm việc gì) Look forward to V-ing (mong đợi làm việc gì) Think (thought) of V-ing (nghĩ đến việc gì) E.g: “I want to become a teacher'’, the girl said => The girl dreamed of becoming a teacher Question 10 Chọn đáp án D Câu ban đầu: Chúng ta phải nhớ chuyện xảy q khứ để khơng xảy lại A Nếu nhớ khứ khơng xảy lại B Vì tất có khuynh hướng quên chuyện xảy khứ nên phạm lại sai lầm C Chúng ta khơng thể nhớ chuyện xảy khứ nên để xảy lại D Để khơng lặp lại q khứ chắn khơng nên qn chuyện lúc xảy Cấu trúc: - So that + a clause: - in order to/ so as to + V: Question 11 Chọn đáp án B Câu ban đầu: Sau trượt kiểm tra doping - vận hội Bắc Kinh John bị tước huy chương vàng A Tại vận hội Bắc Kinh, John nhiều người khác bị truất quyền dự thi sau thất bại kiểm tra doping B Nếu John khơng dính vào việc sử dụng doping vận hội Bắc Kinh anh khơng huy chương vàng C Vì John thú nhận dùng doping nên bị lấy lại huy chương vàng D Mặc dù John trượt kiểm fra doping anh không bị truất quyền dự thi khỏi vận hội Bắc Kinh Cấu trúc : - If + s + had + Vpp , S + would + have + Vpp (câu điều kiện loại : việc trái với thực tế khứ) Question 12 Chọn đáp án C Câu ban đầu: Những thành viên họ mèo gầm sư tử, báo, hổ báo đốm Mỹ sư tử loài gầm to A Giống báo, hổ báo đốm Mỹ, sư tử thành viên họ mèo mà gầm B Vì sư tử họ mèo với báo, hổ báo đốm Mỹ nên sư tử gầm to lồi khác C Sư tử, báo, hổ báo đốm Mỹ bốn lồi mèo gầm; nhiên, lồi khác khơng gầm to sư tử D Tiếng gầm sư tử đủ to để làm động vật khác báo hay hổ cảm thấy sợ hãi Question 13 Chọn đáp án A Cấu trúc: - promise to sth: hứa làm - remind sb to sth: nhắc nhở làm - refuse to sth: từ chối làm - offer to sth: đề nghị giúp làm “I will come back early I really will!” => lời hứa Dịch: Cô hứa trở sớm Question 14 Chọn đáp án B Câu ban đầu: Tơi nghĩ anh người thích hợp cho vị trí đó, hóa anh vơ dụng A Bởi tơi mong đợi anh thiếu lực nên bị sốc thấy anh thể tốt B Tôi nhầm lẫn phù hợp anh cho vị trí anh tỏ C Trái với ấn tượng ban đầu tôi, anh khơng hồn tồn khơng thích hợp cho vị trí D Tơi nghĩ anh hồn tồn vơ dụng cho cơng việc Question 15 Chọn đáp án A Câu ban đầu: Mặc dù cô dường thân thiện cô không đáng tin Cấu trúc: However + adj/ adv + S + V ~ Adj/ Adv + as/ though + S + V: B, D sai nghĩa; C sai cấu trúc Question 16 Chọn đáp án A Câu ban đầu: Nếu tơi khơng có q nhiều việc phải làm tơi xem phim A Bởi tơi phải làm nhiều việc nên xem phim B Tôi xem phim làm nhiều việc C Nhiều việc ngăn cản xem phim D Tôi chưa xem phim tơi có việc phải làm “If I hadn’t had so much work to _, I would have gone to the movies” - câu điều kiện loại diễn tả việc trái với thực tế khứ Question 17 Chọn đáp án D - “If I were you” (Nếu bạn): diễn tả lời khuyên nên ta dùng động từ “advise” lời nói tường thuật lại Cấu trúc: - advise sb to sth: khuyên nên làm E.g: The doctor advised me to go to bed early (Bác sỹ khuyên ngủ sớm) - advise sb not to sth: khuyên không nên làm E.g: My mother advises me not to stay up late (Mẹ khuyên không nên thức khuya.) Câu ban đầu: “Nếu tơi bạn tơi lấy anh ấy”, nói với tơi  Cơ khuyên lấy anh Note 29 Nếu lời nói trực tiếp có cấu trúc If I were you, Why don’t you, Had better, Should, Ought to lời nói tường thuật thường dùng động từ “advise” để đưa lời khuyên Question18 Chọn đáp án A Câu ban đầu: Lần cuối gặp David tơi tình cờ gặp cậu nhà ga đường New York A Tôi khơng gặp David từ lần gặp cậu tình cờ nhà ga đường New York B Khi lần cuối đến New York, tình cờ gặp David nhà ga C Khi lần cuối gặp David nhà ga New York, chạy theo cậu D Cuối gặp David nhà ga đường New York Cấu trúc: - run into (ph.v) ~ meet somebody by chance: tình cờ gặp - set off (ph.v): khởi hành - happen + to V: tình cờ làm Question 19 Chọn dáp án A Câu ban đầu: Tôi điều hành việc kinh doanh thành cơng khơng có tiền bố tơi A Nếu khơng có tiền bố tơi điều hành việc kinh doanh thành công (câu điều kiện loại 3) B Tơi điều hành việc kinh doanh thành cơng khơng có tiền bố tơi C Nếu tơi điều hành việc kinh doanh thành cơng bố tơi cho tiền D Nếu điều hành việc kinh doanh thành cơng tơi có tiền bố Cấu trúc: - If it hadn’t been for + N, S + would/ could + have + Vpp (Nếu khơng phải vì/ Nếu khơng có ) ~ Had + it + not + been + for + N, S + would/ could + have + Vpp (đảo ngữ) => câu điều kiện loại Note 30 Đảo ngữ câu điều kiện Loại 1: SHOULD + S + (not) + V, main clause Loại 2: WERE + S + To V/ N + V, main clause Loại 3: HAD + S + (not) + Vpp, main clause E.g: If knew about his party, I would go there  Were I to know about his party, I would go there Question 20 Chọn đáp án C Câu ban đầu: Cô không nên qn hơm qua sinh nhật gái A Cơ có ngày sinh nhật mà gái qn ngày B Hơm qua, nhớ sinh nhật gái C Cô không nhớ ngày sinh nhật gái D Con gái quên sinh nhật thân Cấu trúc: - fail + to V: khơng làm Question21 Chọn đáp án C Câu ban đầu: Bộ phim có điểm giống với tiểu thuyết gốc A Bộ phim tiểu thuyết gốc giống nhiều điểm B Bộ phim giống với tiểu thuyết gốc C Bộ phim tiểu thuyết gốc khác vài điểm D Bộ phim hoàn toàn khác với tiểu thuyết gốc Cấu trúc: - bear (a) resemblance to: giống với Question 22 Chọn đáp án A Câu ban đầu: Không gửi cho tơi thư Đại từ "no one” mang ý nghĩa phủ định nên chuyển sang bị động ta phải dùng thể phủ định Thì động từ sử dụng câu hoàn thành Cấu trúc: Chủ động S + have/ has + Vpp+ O Bị dộng S (O) + have/ has + been + Vpp + by O (S) Vì chủ ngữ “I” nên ta dùng “have”; “no one” lược bỏ dùng thể phủ định câu bị động Lưu ý: send sb sth ~ send sth to sb (gửi cho gì/ gửi cho ai) Dịch: Tơi khơng gửi thư Question 23 Chọn đáp án C Câu ban đầu: “Sao bạn khơng nhờ người sơn lại phòng đi?” Bob nói với Linda A Bob gợi ý nhờ người sơn lại phòng Linda B Bob hỏi Linda khơng sơn lại phòng C Bob gợi ý Linda nên nhờ người sơn lại phòng D Bob gợi ý Linda nên sơn lại phòng Cấu trúc: - have sb sth ~ have sth done by sb: nhờ/ thuê làm - suggest + V-ing: gợi ý/ đề nghị làm - suggest + that + S + (should) + V (bare-inf) : gợi ý nên làm A, B, D sai nghĩa Note 32 Nếu lời nói trực tiếp có cấu trúc "Why don’t you ?” để đưa lời khuyên lời nói gián tiếp, ta dùng cấu trúc “advise sb to sth” “suggest that sb (should) sth” Question 24 Chọn đáp án C - I don’t have enough money; otherwise, I would buy that bag (Tôi đủ tiền; khơng tơi mua túi đó.) => việc => dùng câu điều kiện loại Cấu trúc: If + S + V-past, S + would/ could/ might + V (bare-inf) (câu điều kiện loại 2) Câu điều kiện loại diễn tả việc trái với thực tế A, B: sai nghĩa với câu ban đầu D: sai cấu trúc Dịch: Nếu tơi có đủ tiền tơi mua túi Question 25 Chọn đáp án C Câu ban đầu: Bố mẹ chung tay làm việc nhà đẹp gia đình hạnh phúc.” - join hands (with sb): work together in doing sth: làm A Bố mẹ nắm tay dẫn vào nhà đẹp gia đình hạnh phúc B Bố mẹ nắm tay họ cho ngơi nhà đẹp gia đình hạnh phúc C Bố mẹ làm việc nhà đẹp gia đình hạnh phúc D Bố mẹ bắt tay họ cho nhà đẹp gia đình hạnh phúc Question 26 Chọn đáp án D Câu ban đầu: Con trai muốn gạt việc đứa học sinh - put aside: gạt sang bên, dẹp bỏ; để dành A Làm học sinh khiến trai vui B Con trai tâm chịu đựng học sinh khác trường (put up with: chịu đựng) C Con trai định đánh giá thấp địa vị đứa học sinh (play down ~ underestimate: tầm thường hóa, đánh giá thấp) D Con trai không muốn làm đứa học sinh Question 27 Chọn đáp án A Câu ban đầu: Bạn nên tập thể dục thường xuyên thay ngồi trước hình mảy tính ngày A Tập thể dục thường xuyên tốt việc ngồi trước hình máy tính ngày B Ngồi trước hình máy tính ngày giúp bạn tập thể dục thường xun C Ngồi trước hình máy tính ngày tập thể dục hợp lý D Đừng tập thể dục thường xuyên ngồi trước hình máy tính ngày Question 28: D Question 29: A Question 30: B Question 31:C Question 32:A Question 33:C Question 34:B Question 35:B Question 36:C Question 37:A Question 38:D Question 39:C Question 40:B Question 41:D Question 42:D Question 43:B Question 44:D Question 45:A Question 46:C Question 47:B Question 48:B Question 49:A Question 50:D Question 51:D Question 52:B Question 53:B Question 54:A Question 55:D Question 56:A Question 57:C Question 58:C Question 59:C Question 60:B Question 61:A Question 62:D Question 63:C Question 64:B Question 65:D Question 66:D Question 67:C Question 68:A Question 69:D Question 70:C Question 71:C Question 72:B Question 73:C Question 74:A Question 75:A Question 76:B Question 77:B Question 78:B Question 79:C Question 80:B Question 81:B Question 82:A Question 83:B Question 84:D Question 85:D Question 86:B Question 87:B Question 88:B Question 89:C Question 90:C Question 91:C Question 92:A Question 93:D Question 94:B Question 95:C Question 96:A Question 97:D Question 98:C Question 99:C Question 100:C Question 101:C Question 102:A Question 103:A Question 104:B Question 105:D Question 106:D Question 107:C Question 108:B Question 109:B Question 110:B Question 111:B Question 112:B Question 113:A Question 114:C ... as a journalist for a local newspaper ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 39 ĐÁP ÁN BÀI TẬP VIẾT LẠI CÂU Question Chọn đáp án A Câu ban đầu: Tiếng Pháp ngôn ngữ ngoại... let stay with them D The children insisted on my staying with them ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ Question 10: We must remember what happened in the past so that... to make other animals, such as leopards or tigers, feel frightened ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ Question 13: “I will come back early I really will!” She said
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