76 câu TRÁI NGHĨA từ đề cô DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG image marked image marked

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BÀI TẬP TRÁI NGHĨA Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions Question 1: Sally has just won a full scholarship to one of the most prestigious universities in the world; she must be on cloud nine now A extremely panicked B obviously delighted C incredibly optimistic D desperately sad Question 2: Her physical condition was not an impediment to her career as a singer She has won a lot of prizes A advantage B obstacle C barrier D disadvantage ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ Question 3: She had never seen such discourtesy towards the director as it happened in the meeting last week A politeness B rudeness C measurement D encouragement Question 4: They conducted a campaign to promote people’s awareness of environmental problems A encourage B publicize C hinder D strengthen ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ Question 5: Tom was too wet behind the ears to be in charge of such a difficult task A full of experience B lack of responsibility C without money D full of sincerity Question 6: Lisa rarely smiles because she’s shy about exposing her crooked teeth A pulling B hiding C showing D brushing ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ Question 7: I think you will be home and dry in the interview because you have many years of teaching experience and good academic qualifications A be successful B be unsuccessful C be satisfied D be unsatisfied Question 8: You have got a high score in the final exam You should put yourself on the back A criticize yourself B wear a backpack C praise yourself D check up your back ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ Question 9: We received a lot of useful information because the report accurately reflected the current state of the company A carelessly B imprecisely C uneasily D untruthfully Question 10: Sally was unhappy that she lost contact with a lot of her old friends when she went abroad to study A made room for B take charge of C got in touch with D lost control of ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ Question 11: Lan’s replies were inconsistent with her previous testimony A contradicted B compatible C enhanced D incorporated Question 12: My grandparents are really tight with their money They hate throwing away food and never eat out A to spend much money too easily B to not like spending money C to not know the value of money D to save as much money as possible ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ Question 13: It’s very difficult to tell her to give in because she is so big-headed A wise B generous C modest D arrogant Question 14: To his dismay, his name was not on the list A disappointment B depression C happiness D pessimism ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ Question 15: In remote areas, it’s very important to replenish stocks before the winter comes A remake B refill C repeat D empty Question 16: Tom may get into hot water when driving at full speed after drinking wine A get into trouble B stay safe C fall into disuse D keep calm ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ Question 17: Inadequate supply of oxygen to the blood can cause death within minutes A Sufficient B Nonexistent C Rich D Useful Question 18: If she passes the exam, her parents will be walking on air A disgusted B promising C upset D hopeful ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 10 Question 19: We should husband our resources to make sure we can make it through these hard times A spend B manage C use up D marry Question 20: Sorry, I can’t come to your birthday party I am snowed under with work now A relaxed about B busy with C interested in D free from ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 11 Question 21: Slavery was abolished in this country A instituted B eradicated C eliminated D required Question 22: Mary decided to remain celibate and devote her life to helping the homeless and orphans A single B married C divorced D separated ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 12 Question 23: There has been insufficient rainfall over the past two years, and farmers are having trouble A adequate B unsatisfactory C abundant D dominant Question 24: She was so insubordinate that she lost her job within a week A fresh B disobedient C obedient D understanding ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 13 Question 25: Affluent families find it easier to support their children financially A Wealthy B Well-off C Privileged D Impoverished Question 26: His friend’s thoughtless comments made him very angry A honest B kind C pleasant D thoughtful ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 14 Question 27: Names of people in the newspaper were changed to preserve anonymity A reveal B conserve C cover D presume Question 28: There are several different kinds of faults in reading which are usually more exaggerated with foreign learners A overestimated B understated C overemphasized D undertaken ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 15 Question 29: A solution needs to be found as soon as possible, because the epidemic has become more rampant A flagrant B gentle C violent D dramatic Question 30: Lisa is on the horns of a dilemma: she just wonders whether to go camping with her friends or to stay at home with her family A unwilling to make a decision B able to make a choice C eager to make a plan D unready to make up her mind ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 16 Question 31: It is impolite when you ask Alex about her age, marriage and income A rude B courteous C friendly D thoughtful Question 32: My father, who is an accomplished guitarist, taught me how to play the guitar A ill-educated B unskilled C qualified D unimpaired ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 17 Question 33: The situation in that country has remained relatively stable for a few months now A constant B changeable C objective D ignorant Question 34: The Vietnamese consider it rude to interrupt a person while he is talking A bad mannered B polite C uneducated D ignorant ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 18 Question 35: After three days on trial, the court found him innocent of the crime and he was released A innovative B benevolent C guilty D naive Question 36: Many people perished in the earthquake because they were not prepared for it A survived B departed C suffered D declined ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 19 Question 37: Slang can be defined as a set of lexical, grammatical, and phonological regularities used in informal speech A informative B official C situational D casual Question 38: The relationship between structure, process and outcome is very unclear A disappear B external C apparent D uncertain ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 20 Question 39: Polluted water and increased water temperatures have driven many species to the verge of extinction A Enriched B Contaminated C Strengthened D Purified Question 40: English is a compulsory subject in most of the schools in our country A required B paid C optional D dependent ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 21 Question 41: Although it’s a long day for us, we feel we are contented with what we A interested B dissatisfied C excited D shocked Question 42: Differently from English taught to all Vietnamese students, Chinese and French have been made optional languages taught at secondary schools in Vietnam A compulsory B important C comfortable D necessary ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 22 Question 43: The length of an X-ray wave is incredibly small: less than one ten-millionth of a millimeter A believably B considerably C famously D sufficiently Question 44: If any employee knowingly breaks the terms of this contract, he will be dismissed immediately A coincidentally B deliberately C instinctively D accidentally ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 23 Question 45: The law holds parents liable if a child does not attend school A parental B unhappy C dutiful D irresponsible Question 46: Many parents always kept a tight rein on their children A gave less money B let loose C set free D helped to ride ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 24 Question 47: The Red Cross is an international humanitarian agency dedicated to reducing the sufferings of wounded soldiers, civilians and prisoners of war A happiness B loss C sadness D pain and sorrow Question 48: They are launching a campaign to promote awareness of environmental issues A encourage B publicize C hinder D strengthen ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 25 Question 49: We offer a speedy and secure service of transferring money in less than 24 hours A unsure B unlimited C unimportant D unlikely Question 50: I can’t stand people who treat animals cruelly A gently B cleverly C reasonably D brutally ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 26 Question 51: “If you had studied instead of goofing off all semester, you wouldn’t be so worried about tomorrow’s exam.” A to behave not very well B to pass time studying C to hardly try to work D to pass time in a relaxed way Question 52: With the final examinations coming very soon his anxiety was rising to almost unbearable limits A joy B confidence C boredom D apprehension ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 27 Question 53: The nominating committee always meets behind closed doors, lest its deliberations become known prematurely A privately B safely C publicly D dangerously Question 54: We managed to get to school in time despite the heavy rain A later than expected B earlier than a particular moment C early enough to something D as long as expected ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 28 Question 55: The economy has ground to a halt because of the civil war A stopped suddenly B gone to the moon C lingered to success D been flying high Question 56: Thousands are going starving because of the failure of this year's harvest A hungry B poor C rich D full ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 29 Question 57: For most male spiders courtship is a perilous procedure, for they may be eaten by females A complicated B dangerous C safe D peculiar Question 58: A chronic lack of sleep may make us irritable and reduces our motivation to work A uncomfortable B responsive C miserable D calm ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 30 Question 59: Nowadays female engineers are not too thick on the ground A rare B efficient C overweight D enormous Question 60: “Please speak up a bit more, Jack You’re hardly loud enough to be heard from the back”, the teacher said A visible B edible C eligible D inaudible ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 31 Question 61: She was too wet behind the ears to be in charge of such demanding tasks A full of experience B lack of responsibility C without money D full of sincerity Question 62: The consequences of the typhoon were disastrous due to the lack of precautionary measures A severe B physical C damaging D beneficial ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 32 Question 63: There has been no discernible improvement in the noise levels since lorries were banned A clear B obvious D thin D insignificant Question 64: Vietnam’s admission to the World Trade Organization (WTO) has promoted its trade relations with other countries A balance B restricted D expanded D boosted ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 33 Question 65: Love is supposed to follow marriage, not precede it A come after B take out C happen D find out Question 66: The emergence of supersonic travel opened new horizons for the military, tourism, and commerce A simplicity B disappearance C urgency D profitability ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 34 Question 67: “Don’t be such a pessimist I’m sure you’ll soon get over it Cheer up!” A hobbyist B optimist C activist D feminist Question 68: “Be quick! We must speed up if we don’t want to miss the bus “ A turn down B slow down C look up D put forward ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 35 Question 69: Research suggests that children are more resilient than adults when it comes to getting over an illness A becoming much stronger B becoming healthy again C making a slow recovery D making a quick recovery Question 70: Blue is an old hand at such compositions and has never had any trouble with them A relaxed about B reserved about C uninterested in D inexperienced in ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 36 Question 71: “Can I try out your new bicycle?” ~ “Be my guest.” A Sorry, you can’t B You’re kidding C Never mind D No problem Question 72: We should keep these proposals secret from the chairman for the time being A revealed B frequent C lively D accessible ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 37 Question73: I’d like to pay some money into my bank account A withdraw some money from B put some money into C give some money out D leave some money aside Question 74: She was unhappy that she lost contact with a lot of her old friends when she went abroad to study A made room for B put in charge of C got in touch with D lost control of ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 38 Question 75: A salesman finally managed to persuade her into buying a skirt that she really didn’t like A convince her of B talk her out of C look upon on her D turn down her Question 76: The wealthy man stood idly by while the poor people starved A did something to help B indulged in medicines C worked hard got nervous ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 39 ĐÁP ÁN BÀI TẬP TRÁI NGHĨA Question Chọn đáp án D - on cloud nine ~ extremely happy: sung sướng/ hạnh phúc, lên đến chín tầng mây A extremely panicked: hoảng sợ B obviously delighted: vui sướng C incredibly optimistic: lạc quan D desperately sad: buồn, buồn Do đó: on cloud nine  desperately sad Dịch: Sally vừa nhận học bổng toàn phần đến trường đại học danh tiếng giới, cô vui sướng Question Chọn đáp án A - impediment /ɪmˈpedɪmənt/ (n) ~ obstacle /ˈɒbstəkl/ (n): chứng ngại, trở ngại - advantage /ədˈvɑːntɪdʒ/ (n): thuận lợi - barrier /ˈbæriə(r)/ (n); rào cản - disadvantage /ˌdɪsədˈvɑːntɪdʒ/ (n): bất lợi Do đó: impediment  advantage Dịch: Tình trạng sức khỏe rào cản ảnh hưởng đến nghiệp ca hát cô Cô đạt nhiều giải thưởng Question Chọn đáp án A - politeness (n): lịch - rudeness (n): thô lỗ, bất lịch sự, khiếm nhã - measurement (n): đo lường, phép đo - encouragement (n): khuyến khích, động viên - discourtesy (n) ~ impoliteness, rudeness: bất lịch sự, thô lỗ  politeness Dịch: Cơ chưa nhìn thấy bất lịch giám đốc điều xảy họp vào tuần trước Question4 Chọn đáp án C - encourage (v): khuyến khích, động viên - publicize (v): quảng cáo, đưa công khai - hinder (v): cản trở, gây trở ngại - strengthen (v); tăng cường - promote (v) ~ encourage: đẩy mạnh, khuyến khích Dịch: Họ thực chiến lược để tăng cường ý thức người vấn đề môi trường Question Chọn đáp án A - full of experience: đầy kinh nghiệm - lack of responsibility: thiếu trách nhiệm - without money: thiếu tiền - full of sincerity: đầy chân thành, chân thành - wet behind the ears: young and without much experience: chưa có kinh nghiệm, q non nớt, miệng sữa E.g: He was still wet behind the ears Do đó: wet behind the ears  full of experience Question Chọn đáp án B - pulling (v-ing): đẩy - hiding (v-ing): che giấu - showing (v-ing): để lộ - brushing (v-ing): đánh (răng) - exposing (v-ing): để lộ Do đó: exposing  hiding Dịch: Lisa cười ngại phải để lộ hàm khểnh Question7 Chọn đáp án B - be successful: thành công - be unsuccessful: không thành công - be satisfied: hài lòng, thỏa mãn - be unsatisfied: khơng hài lòng, khơng thỏa mân - be home and dry/ be home free: thành công, xuôi chèo mát mái Do đó: be home and dry  be unsuccessful Dịch: Tôi nghĩ bạn thành công vấn bạn có nhiều năm kinh nghiệm dạy học cấp tốt Question Chọn đáp án A - criticize yourself: trích thân mình, tự phê bình - wear a backpack: đeo ba lô - praise yourself: khen ngợi thân mình, tự khen - check up your back: kiểm tra lưng bạn - put yourself on the back: praise yourself for doing something well: khen ngợi thân Do đó: put - yourself on the back  criticize yourself Dịch: Bạn đạt điểm cao kì thi cuối Bạn nên khen ngợi thân Question Chọn đáp án B - carelessly (adv): bất cẩn - imprecisely (adv): khơng xác - uneasily (adv): không dễ dàng - untruthfully (adv): không chân thật - accurately (adv): xác Do đó: accurately  imprecisely Dịch: Chúng nhận nhiều thông tin hữu ích báo cáo phản ánh xác tình trạng cơng ty Question 10 Chọn đáp án C lose contact with: liên lạc với - make room for: dành chỗ cho, nhường chỗ cho - take charge of: chịu trách nhiệm - get/ keep/ be + in touch with: giữ liên lạc với - lose control of: kiểm soát - lose contact with: liên lạc với Do đó: lose contact with  get in touch with Dịch: Sally buồn cô liên lạc với nhiều bạn cũ du học Question 11 Chọn đáp án B - contradicted /.kɒn.trə'dɪktid/ (adj): mâu thuẫn với, trái với - compatible /kəm'pset.ə.bəl/ (adj): tương thích - enhanced /ɪn'ha:nst (adj): tăng cường - incorporated /in'kɔ:.pər.eɪ.tɪd/ (adj): kết hợp chặt chẽ - inconsistent /.in.kən'sɪs.tənt/ (adj): mâu thuẫn, không quán, không tương thích Do đó: inconsistent  compatible Dịch: Những câu trả lởi Lan mâu thuẫn với chứng trước đưa Question 12 Chọn đáp án A - to spend much money too easily: tiêu nhiều tiền dễ dàng - to not like spending money: khơng thích tiêu tiền - to not know the value of money: giá trị đồng tiền - to save as much money as possible: tiết kiệm tiền nhiều - tight with their money: thắt chặt túi tiền, chắt bóp đồng tiền Question 13 Chọn đáp án C - wise (adj): khôn ngoan - generous (adj): hào phóng, rộng lượng - modest (adj): khiêm tốn - arrogant (adj): kiêu căng, ngạo mạn - big-headed (adj): kiêu căng, ngạo mạn Do đó: big-headed  modest Dịch: Rất khó để bảo chịu thua q kiêu căng Question 14 Chọn đáp án C - disappointment (n): thất vọng - depression (n): chán nản, trầm cảm - happiness (n): hạnh phúc, vui mừng - pessimism (n): bi quan - dismay (n): hết tinh thần, buồn bã, thất vọng Do đó: dismay  happiness Dịch: Anh buồn tên khơng có danh sách Question 15 Chọn đáp án D - remake (v): làm lại - refill (v): làm cho đầy lại - repeat (v): lặp lại, nhắc lại - empty (v): làm trống rỗng, làm cạn - replenish (v): cung cấp thêm, làm đầy Do đó: replenish  empty Dịch: Ở vùng xa xôi hẻo lánh, quan trọng bổ sung thêm nguyên vât liệu dự trữ trước mùa đông đến Question 16 Chọn đáp án B - get into trouble: gặp rắc rối - stay safe: giữ an tồn - fall into disuse: bỏ đi, khơng dùng đến - keep calm: giữ bình tĩnh - get into hot water ~ get into trouble: gặp rắc rối Do đó: get into hot water  stay safe Dịch: Tom gặp rắc rối lái xe tốc độ sau uống rượu Question 17 Chọn đáp án A - sufficient (adj): đủ - nonexistent (adj): not existing; not real: không tồn - rich (adj): giàu - useful (adj): có ích - inadequate (adj): not enough: khơng đủ, thiếu Dịch: Việc cung cấp khơng đủ khí oxi cho máu gây chết vòng vài phút Do đó: inadequate  suf ficient Question 18 Chọn đáp án C - disgusted (adj): ghê tởm - promising (adj): đầy hứa hẹn, triển vọng - upset (adj): buồn; thất vọng - hopeful (adj): đầy hi vọng - walk on air: feel very happy: cảm thấy vô vui sướng, hạnh phúc - Dịch: Nếu cô thi đỗ bố mẹ cảm thấy hạnh phúc Question 19 Chọn đáp án C Question 20 Chọn đáp án D Question 21:A Question 22:B Question 23:A Question 24:C Question 25:D Question 26:D Question 27:A Question 28:B Question 29:B Question 30:B Question 31:B Question 32:B Question 33:B Question 34:B Question 35:C Question 36:A Question 37:B Question 38:C Question 39:D Question 40:C Question 41:B Question 42:A Question 43:A Question 44:D Question 45:D Question 46:B Question 47:A Question 48:C Question 49:A Question 50:A Question 51:B Question 52:B Question 53:C Question 54:A Question 55:D Question 56:D Question 57:C Question 58:D Question 59:A Question 60:D Question 61:A Question 62:D Question 63:D Question 64:B Question 65:A Question 66:B Question 67:B Question 68:B Question 69:C Question 70:D Question 71:A Question 72:A Question 73:A Question 74:C Question 75:B Question 76:A ... made room for B take charge of C got in touch with D lost control of ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ Question 11: Lan’s replies were inconsistent with her previous... to not know the value of money D to save as much money as possible ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ Question 13: It’s very difficult to tell her to give in because... on the list A disappointment B depression C happiness D pessimism ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ Question 15: In remote areas, it’s very important to replenish
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