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BÀI TẬP ĐIỀN TỪ Exercise 1: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks The Microscope One of the most important inventions in the development of science and medicine was the microscope It was (1) the principle that light could be “refracted” or bent, by a glass lens It was soon discovered that tiny objects could be magnified (2) size when viewed through a glass lens that had been ground and polished in a specific (3) Although the principle was known to the Chinese as early as 1000 A.D, it was not until the 13th and 14th centuries in Europe (4) it was put to practical use in the form of eyeglasses In Europe the first microscope was invented by brothers Zacharias and Hans Janssen, two Dutch eyeglass-makers, around 1590 They built a “compound” microscope, so called because of its two lenses The most significant development and use of the microscope during this period, however, belongs to another Dutch optician, Antonie van Leeuwenhoek Bom in Delft, Holland, he became skilled at (5) very sharp and accurate magnifying lenses Question 1: A based upon B based by C based in D based at Question 2: A by C in D with Question 3: A procedure B manner C fashion D character Question 4: A when B than C.then D that Question 5: A granting B grinding C scraping D.rubbing B on ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ Exercise 2: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks After winter months, the days become longer, the buds (1) _ in the trees, birds sing, and the world (2) _ a green dress Spring passes (3) _summer Everyone knows that summer will not (4) _ The power of all the wisest men and women in the world cannot keep it for us The com becomes ripe, the leaves turn brown and then drop to the ground, (5) _ the world changes its green dress for a dress of autumn colors Question 1: A fall off B take up C put off D come out Question 2: A looks after B puts on C carries on D deals with Question 3: A into B by C from D on Question 4: A forego B evaluate C succumb D last Question 5: A yet B therefore C whereas D and ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ Exercise 3: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word Can we see (1) _ the earth is a globe? Yes, we can, when we watch a ship that sails out to sea If we watch closely, we see that the ship begins (2) _ The bottom of the ship disappears first, and then the ship seems to sink lower and lower, (3) _we can only see the top of the ship, and then we see nothing at all What is hiding the ship from us? It is the earth Stick a pin most of the way into an orange, and (4) _ turn the orange away Question 1: A if B where Question 2: A being disappeared C to have disappeared C that D when B to be disappeared D to disappear Question 3: A until B since C after D by the time Question 4: A reluctantly B accidentally C slowly D passionately Question 5: A the same B alike C just as D similar to ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ Exercise 4: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks Spring is coming and it’s time for us to grow plants Of course, not all plants are (1) _ in season This makes it very (2) _ to pick the best plants to grow The good news is that there are tons of choices Do you know that plants can grow in nearly every climate? It's true that some plants are picky but most are super (3) _ and only require water, dirt and of course sun This spring is the (4) _ time to start your own garden There are three amazing plants that work in every single climate The first plant is spinach Spinach is very easy to grow because it removes water well and can (5) _ different levels of heat The second one is carrots There are many types of carrots you can grow Most carrots are very quick to grow and also handle all types of climates as well The third one is tomatoes There are tons of different types of tomatoes It’s easy to find the perfect tomato for any location Go plant some plants! Question A actually B today C currently D actively Question A easy B fun C stressful D difficult Question A flexible B picky C divine D cranky Question A worst B fun C perfect D better Question A hold B sit C stand D remove ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ Exercise 5: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks People come to this small country for many reasons They can admire spectacular (1) _ meet friendly natives, and enjoy a vibrant arts scene Some are searching for their family (2) _ or others just want to get away from it all and, digging up old memories from their English Lit class of gallant heroes engaging in larger-than-life struggles, their minds wander to faraway lands, to somehow familiar yet different destinations Why not go to Scotland? But what kind of country are they coming to and what should they expect once they get there? Scotland (3) _ of an area of 30, 418 square miles - so it's a fairly compact and "doable" country - with a population of about five million people - not too small, not too big It is one of three countries that form the political (4) _ called Great Britain, the other two being, of course, England and Wales, which, along with their fourth partner, Northern Ireland, becomes the United Kingdom Scotland is bordered on three sides by water and on its fourth by England, which has had both its advantages and disadvantages Geographically speaking, the country can be divided into three broad areas, the Southern Uplands, the Central Lowlands, and the Highlands Although the rugged Highlands (5) _ about two-thirds of the land area, the vast majority of the population lives in the Central Belt between Glasgow, Scotland>s largest city, and Edinburgh, Scotland's capital Question A scene B scenery C view D panorama Question A roots B.race C basis D source Question A consists B.includes C embraces D comprises Question A entirety B entitle C entry D entity Question A take out B take in C take up D take off ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ Exercise 6: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks In the past, the process of choosing a career was a much simpler matter than it is today Aboy often followed in his father’s footsteps His sister learned the household skills that (1) _ her to become a wife and mother Nowadays young people grow up in a much freer society (2) _they enjoy almost unlimited career opportunities In recent years, there (3) _ an enormous increase in the kinds of vocations from which it is possible to choose In addition, many of the barriers to career opportunity that existed only a few decades ago, such as (4) _ based on sex or religion or ethnic origins, are (5) _ disappearing Question A had prepared B may prepare C was prepared D would prepare Question A where B when C why D whom Question A had been B has been C will be D was Question A judgment B perception C devotion D discrimination Question A rapidly B incessantly C categorically D vigilantly ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ Exercise 7: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks Welcome to the Netherlands, a tiny country that only extends, at its broadest, 312 km north to south, and 264 km east to west - (1) _ the land area increases slightly each year as a result of continuous land reclamation and drainage With a lot of heart and much to offer, ‘Holland,’ as it is (2) _ known to most of us abroad - a name stemming from its once most prominent provinces - has more going on per kilometer than most countries, and more English-speaking natives You’ll be impressed by its (3) _ cities and charmed by its countryside and villages, full of contrasts From the exciting variety on offer, you could choose a romantic canal boat tour in Amsterdam, a Royal Tour by coach in The Hague, or a hydrofoil tour around the biggest harbour in the world - Rotterdam In season you could visit the dazzling bulb fields, enjoy a full day on a boat, or take a bike tour through the pancake-flat countryside spiced with windmills The possibilities are countless and the nationwide tourist office is on hand to give you information and help you (4) _reservations You’ll have (5) _language problems here, as the Dutch are true linguists and English is spoken here almost universally Question A so B despite C in spite of D although Question A regularly B occasionally C commonly D unusually Question A historic B historical C historically D historian Question A sit B catch C D make Question A few B a few C little D a little ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ Exercise 8: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks The story of gold is an adventure involving kings, queens, pirates, explorers, conquerors, and the native peoples they conquered Throughout history, gold has woven a magic spell over those it touched Gold is beautiful and rare; a soft shiny metal that can be moulded into many (1) _ It has been used for money, jewelry, and to decorate special buildings such as palaces and places of worship (2) _ the precious metal was discovered, prospectors rushed to mine it, starting new cities and countries as they went Gold and the people who love it have helped shape the world we live (3) _today Gold is one of many elements, or substances that cannot be changed by normal chemical means, that are found in the Earth's crust Gold has a warm, sunny colour and (4) _ it does not react with air, water, and most chemicals, its shine never fades In its natural (5) _, gold is soft and easily shaped When heated to 1,062 Celsius it melts and can be poured into moulds to form coins, gold bars, and other objects Stories have been told, movies made and legends bom about the discovery of the world’s great gold deposits It is a saga of dreams, greed, ambition and exploration Question A formats B outlines C shapes D lines Question A Whoever B However C Forever D Wherever Question A at B in C for D on Question A yet B despite C because D so Question A estate B stage C state D position ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ Exercise 9: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks The use of computers has meant that students can study language programmes (1) _ their own speed when and for how long they want What’s more, in the virtual classrooms of the future the student will put on their headset, and be transported into an imaginary school, choose their class, take the books they need off the shelf and hold conversations with other computerised students They might instead choose to pay a visit to the supermarket or the train station, the bank or the restaurant At the (2) _ of a button they would be transported to 3) _ realistic settings where they could practice their English, maybe getting a hand from a virtual English companion All this perhaps, at the computer, from the comfort of their home: no 4) _to catch the bus to college, or a plane to England Exciting? Certainly, and it’s an interesting alternative to traditional classroom lessons But would it ever (5) _the classroom? Hopefully not Surely the need to relate to real people talking about real issues and generally learning a little more about others will always lead language learners to uzcx be exc eg at least a little of their time with real people Question 1: A on B in C at D of Question 2: A force B hit C depress D push Question 3: A so B such C like D alike Question 4: A role B duty C obligation D need Question 5: A replace B Restore C succeed D recover ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 10 Exercise 10: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks No one can know when sports began Since it is impossible to imagine a time when children did not spontaneously run races or wrestle, it is clear that children have always included sports in their play, but one can only speculate about the (1) _of sports as autotelic physical contests for adults Hunters are depicted in prehistoric art, but it cannot be known (2) _ the hunters pursued their prey in a mood of grim necessity or with the joyful abandon of sportsmen It is certain, (3) _, from the rich literary and iconographic evidence of all ancient civilizations that hunting soon became an end in itself at least for royalty and nobility Archaeological evidence also indicates that ball games were common among ancient peoples as different as the Chinese and the like those recommended for health by the Greek physician Galen in the 2nd century AD Question 1: A emergence B emerge C emergency D immersion Question 2: A when B whether C how D why Question 3: A therefore B so C consequently D however Question 4: A competitive B competitively C noncompetitive D competition Question 5: A definite B defined C definitive D definition ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 11 Exercise 11: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks What is meant by the term economic resources? In general, these are all the natural, man-made, and human resources that go into the production of goods and services Economic resources can be broken down into 1) _ general categories: property resource - land and capital, and human resources labor and entrepreneurial skills What economists mean (2) _ land? Much more than the non-economist, land refers to all the natural resources (3) _are usable in the production process: arable land, forests, mineral and oil deposits, and so on What about capital? Capital goods are all the manmade aids to producing, storing, transporting, and distributing goods and services Capital goods differ from consumer goods in that (4) _ satisfy wants directly, while the former so indirectly by facilitating the production of consumer goods It should be noted that capital as defined here does not refer to money Money, as such, produces nothing The term labor refers to the physical and mental talents of humans used to produce goods and services (with the exception of a certain set of human talents, entrepreneurial skills, which will be considered separately because of their special significance) Thus the services of a factory worker or an office worker, a ballet dancer or an astronaut all fall (5) _ the general heading of labor Question 1: A many B some C two D six Question 2: A calling B with C using D by Question 3: A these B what C they D that Question 4: A lately B the latter C the latest D later Question 5: A into B to C from D under ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 12 Exercise 12: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks Easter is a holiday in late March or early April, the first Sunday after the first full moon after 21 March Many people (1) _it with their family or have a short holiday/ vacation It is also an important Christian festival Easter Sunday, the day of the Resurrection, is the end of Lent (2) _ the most important date in the Christian year Many people who not go to church at other times go on Easter Sunday It was once common for people to wear new clothes to church on this day Women wore new hats, called Easter bonnets Today, people sometimes make elaborately decorated Easter bonnets for fun A few people send Easter cards with religious symbols on them or pictures of small chickens, lambs, rabbits and spring flowers, all traditionally associated (3) _ Easter The Friday before Easter Sunday is called Good Friday and is (4) _ as the day Christ was crucified (= hanged on a cross to die) On Good Friday many people eat hot cross buns (= fruit buns decorated with a simple cross) The Monday after Easter is called Easter Monday In Britain Good Friday and Easter Monday are both bank holidays In the US, each company decides for itself (5) _to close or remain open on those days Question A take B use C spend D expend Question A for B as C and D nor Question A toward B with C to D from Question A missed B recalled C reminded D remembered Question A if B how C why D whether ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 13 Exercise 13: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks In order that they could ensure higher (1) _, TV producers have developed a whole new breed of programmes featuring real people In Europe the most famous of these (2) _reality TV shows was probably Big Brothers, where 12 ordinaiy people volunteered to live under the watchful eye of TV cameras 24 hours a day In America, the top show was Survivor, based on a similar concept, in which 16 constants are abandoned on a desert island But the ultimate example of the genre must surely be The Osbournes, first (3) _on MTV in 2002, in which the homelife of rock star Ozzy Osbourne and his family was laid bare to public scrutiny Obsoume himself was already a (4) _name as the former lead singer of the highly successful heavy-metal group, Black Sabbath, The show was described as a real-life sitcom because it (5) _light on Ozzy’s softer, more humorous side It revealed his devotion to his teenage kids, even though he was often heard yelling and swearing at them The programme brought in millions for the Osbourne family and certainly blurred the boundaries between reality and television Question A scores B levels C sequences D ratings Question A so-called B alleged C renowned D adept Question A played B dubbed C cast D broadcast Question A common B known C household D domestic Question A opened B wound C shed D set ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 14 Exercise 14: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks Mobile phones emit microwave radio emissions Researchers are questioning whether exposure to these radio waves might (1) _ to brain cancer So far, the data are not conclusive The scientific evidence does not enable us to say with certainly that mobile phones are categorically (2) _ On the other hand, current research has not yet proved clear adverse effect associated with the prolonged use of mobile phones Numerous studies are now going on in various countries Some of the results are contradictory but others have shown an association between mobile phone use and cancer (3) _, these studies are preliminary and the issue needs further, long - term investigation (4) _ the scientific data is more definite, it is prudent for people to try not to use mobile phones for long periods of time Don’t think that hands free phones are any safer either At the moment, research is in fact showing the (5) _ and they may be just as dangerous It is also thought that young people whose bodies are still growing may be at particular risk Question A cause B bring C produce D lead Question A risky B secure C unhealthy D safe Question A While B Though C Additionally D However Question A Until B When C Provide D As Question A way B truth C opposite D fact ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 15 Exercise 15: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks A worrying question which requires global attention is severe overpopulation and its drastic effects in the countries of the Third World In regions where the birth rate is extremely high, poverty and starvation are (1) _ In India, there is an average of thirty five infants being bom every minute, yet the most shocking figures are those which (2) the enormous number of the victims of famine in certain African territories Communities afflicted with acute destitution are additionally confronted with illiteracy, life in appalling conditions and infectious diseases (3) the indigenous populations There is an urgent need for these problems to be solved Unless measures are taken to ease the suffering of the impoverished underdeveloped nations, desperate crowds of immigrants will (4) in flooding the richer states in search of a brighter future It’s the most challenging task for the international giants nowadays to help the poor populations get out of the poverty (5) Question A profuse B rife C generous D predominant Question A appear B refer C indicate D comprise Question A decimating B enumerating C discounting D outnumbering Question A linger B maintain C persist D remain Question A lure B pitfall C snare D trap ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 16 Exercise 16: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, 0, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks HERE ARE TIPS THAT HELP SUCCEED IN YOUR JOB INTERVIEW Always arrive early If you not know (1) _ the organization is located, call for exact directions (2) _ advance Leave some extra time for any traffic, parking, or unexpected events If you are running late, call right away and let someone know The best time to arrive is approximately 5-10 minutes early Give yourself the time to read your resume one more time, to catch your breath, and to be ready for the interview Once you are at the office, treat everyone you encounter with respect Be (3) _ to everyone as soon as you walk in the door Wear a professional business suit This point should be emphasized enough First (4) _ are extremely important in the interview process Women should (5) _ wearing too much jewelry or make-up Men should avoid flashy suits or wearing too much perfume It is also important that you feel comfortable While a suit is the standard interview attire in a business environment, if you think it is an informal environment, call before and ask Regardless, you can never be overdressed if you are wearing a tailored suit Question 1: A when B why C where D that Question 2: A with B in C on D for Question 3: A happy B pleasant C disappointed D excited Question 4: A attendances B attentions C impressions D pressures Question 5: A avoid B suggest C enjoy D mind ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 17 Exercise 17: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks School exams are, generally speaking, the first kind of tests we take They find out (1) _ much knowledge we have gained But they really show how intelligent we are? After all, isn’t it a fact that some people who are very successful academically don’t have any common sense? Intelligence is the speed at which we can understand and react to new situations and it is usually tested by logic puzzles (2) _ scientists are now preparing advanced computer technology that will be able to ‘“read” our brains, for the present, tests are still the most popular ways of measuring intelligence A person’s IQ is his intelligence (3) _ it is measured by a special test The most common IQ tests are run by Mensa, an organization that was founded in England in 1946 By 1976 it had 1,300 members in Britain Today there are 44,000 in Britain and 100,000 worldwide, (4) _ in the US People taking the tests are judged in relation to an average score of 100, and those (5) _ score over 148 are entitled to join Mensa This works out at 2% of the population Question 1: A what B how C which D why Question 2: A Although B Until C Because D Despite Question 3: A that B as C so D how “The bottom of the ship disappears first, and then the ship seems to sink lower and lower, until we can only see the top of the ship, and then we see nothing at all.” (Phần tàu biến đầu tiên, sau tàu bắt đầu chìm xuống thấp hơn, nhìn thấy phần tàu, sau khơng nhìn thấy nữa) Question Chọn đáp án C - reluctantly (adv): cách miễn cưỡng - accidentally (adv): cách tình cờ, ngẫu nhiên - slowly (adv): cách từ từ, chầm chậm - passionately (adv): cách đam mê, say sưa “Stick a pin most of the way into an orange, and slowly turn the orange away from you.” (Cắm ghim vào cam từ từ xoay cam hướng khỏi bạn) Question Chọn đáp án C - same (adj): giống the same (N) (+ as): giống (với) E.g: We lived in the same house - alike (adj, adv): giống E.g: My brother and I not look alike - just as + S + V: giống như, E.g: It’s just as I thought (Điều tơi nghĩ.) - similar to: tương tự với E.g: Their house is similar to ours “You will see the pin disappear, just as a ship does on the earth “ (Bạn nhìn thấy ghim biến mất, giống tàu trái đất.) Exercise 4: Question Chọn đáp án C - actually (adv): thực sự, thật - today (adv): ngày nay, thởi - currently (adv): nay, thởi - actively (adv): tích cực hoạt động “Spring is coming and it’s time for us to grow plants Of course, not all plants are currently in season.” (Mùa xuân đến đến lúc để trồng loại thực vật Tất nhiên, tất loài thực vật mùa.) Question Chọn đáp án D - easy (adj): dễ dàng - fun (adj): vui vẻ - stressful (adj): căng thẳng - difficult (adj): khó khăn “This makes it very difficult to pick the best plants to grow.” (Điều khiến cho khó để lựa chọn thực vật tốt để trồng.) Question Chọn đáp án A - flexible (adj): linh hoạt - picky (adj): kén chọn - divine (adj): thần thánh; tuyệt diệu - cranky (adj): lập dị, cáu kỉnh It’s true that some plants are picky but most are super flexible and only require water, dirt and of course sun (Đúng số thực vật kén chọn đa số cực linh hoạt cần đến nước, đất dĩ nhiên ánh nắng mặt trởi.) Question Chọn đáp án C - worst: tồi tệ nhất, - fun (adj): vui vẻ - perfect (adj): hoàn hảo, tuyệt vởi, tốt - better: tốt “This spring is the perfect time to start your own garden.” (Mùa xuân thởi điểm tốt để bắt đầu khu vưởn riêng bạn.) Question Chọn đáp án C - hold (v): giữ, chứa đựng - sit (v): ngồi - stand (v): chịu đựng - remove (v): loại bỏ, rút “Spinach is very easy to grow because it removes water well and can stand different levels of heat.” (Rau chân vịt rat dc trồng chịu hạn tốt chịu đựng nhiều mức nhiệt khác nhau.) Exercise 5: Question Chọn đáp án B - scene (n-countable) ~ view: quang cảnh, cảnh E.g: I like to have a room with a breathtaking view - scenery (n-uncountable): the natural features of an area such as mountains, valleys, rivers and forests: phong cảnh E.g: The scenery is magnificent - panorama (n-countable): a view of a wide area of land: cảnh tầm rộng, toàn cảnh E.g: You can enjoy a panorama of the whole city from the hotel + spectacular scenery (collocation): phong cánh tuyệt đẹp “People come to this small country for many reasons They can admire spectacular sẹẹnẹry, meet friendly natives, and enjoy a vibrant arts scene.” (Mọi người đến đất nước nhỏ bé nhiều lí Họ ngắm cảnh đẹp, gặp người địa thân thiện ngắm sân khấu nghệ thuật sôi động.) Note 27 "Collocation" cụm gồm hai hay nhiều từ thường với nhau, theo trật tự định Chúng khơng có quy tắc hay cơng thức cụ thể Để có cách diễn đạt tự nhiên người ngữ phải học cụm "collocations" với Điều giúp có cách diễn đạt phong phú Vì học sinh nên có tay từ điển "collocations” Các loại "Collocations" Có vài hình thức khác tạo thành từ kết hợp động từ (Verb), danh từ (Noun) tính từ (Adjective), có số hình thức như: Adv + Adj; Adj + N; N + N; N + V; V + N; V + Prepostional phrase; V + Adv Question Chọn đáp án A - roots (n): nguồn gốc, gốc rễ - race (n): nòi, giống, lồi - basis (n): tảng, sở - source (n): nguồn + family roots (collocation): nguồn gốc gia đình “Some are searching for their family roots or others just want to gel away from it all ” (Một số người tìm kiếm cội nguồn người khác muốn khỏi tất mọt thứ ) Question Chọn đáp án A - be comprised of/ comprise (v): bao gồm E.g: The collection comprises more than 200 paintings - include (v): bao gồm E.g: The price included tax - embrace ~ include(v): bao gồm E.g: The shows embraced a wide range of issues - consist (v) + of: bao gồm E.g: The committee consists of five members “Scotland consists of an area of 30,418 square miles” (Scotland có diện tích 30.418 m2.) Question Chọn đáp án D - entirety (n): toàn bộ, trạng thái toàn vẹn - entitle (v): cho quyền làm - entry (n): vào, lối vào - entity (n): tồn tại, thực thể + political entity (collocation): thực thể trị “It is one of three countries that form the political entity called Great Britain, the other two being, of course, England and Wales, which, along with their fourth partner, Northern Ireland, becomes the United Kingdom.” (Nó ba nước hình thành thực thể trị gọi vương quốc Anh / nước Anh thống nhất, hai nước lại tất nhiên nước Anh xứ Wales với thành viên thứ tư Bắc AiLen.) Question Chọn đáp án C - take up (ph.v): chiếm E.g: The table takes up too much room “Although the rugged Highlands take up about two-thirds of the land area ” (Mặc dù vùng cao nguyên gồ ghề chiếm khoảng 2/3 diện tích đất ) Exercise 6: Question Chọn đáp án D Vì động từ “leam” phía trước chia khứ đơn nên động từ “prepare” chia tương lai khứ với “would + V” - prepare sb : chuẩn bị cho “His sister learned the household skills that would prepare her to become a wife and mother.” (Chị gái cậu học kĩ nội trợ chuẩn bị cho tương lai cô trở thành người vợ người mẹ.) Question Chọn đáp án A - where: trạng từ quan hệ, thay cho từ/ cụm từ nơi chốn - when: trạng từ quan hệ, thay cho từ/ cụm từ thởi gian - why: trạng từ quan hệ, thay cho từ/ cụm từ lý - whom: đại từ quan hệ, thay cho tân ngữ người Trong câu từ cần điền vào đại từ quan hệ thay cho cụm từ nơi chốn “in a society” “Nowadays young people grow up in a much freer society where they enjoy almost unlimited career opportunities” (Ngày nay, người trẻ lớn lên xã hội tự nhiều, nơi mà họ có vơ số hội nghề nghiệp.) Question Chọn đáp án B - In recent years: năm gần => động từ chia hồn thành “In recent years, there has been an enormous increase in the kinds of vocations from which it is possible to choose” (Trong năm gần đây, có tăng mạnh loại nghề nghiệp người lựa chọn.) Question Chọn đáp án D - judgment (n): đánh giá, óc phán đốn - perception (n): tiếp nhận, nhận thức - devotion (n): tận tụy, hiến dâng - discrimination (n): phân biệt đối xử “In addition, many of the barriers to career opportunity that existed only a few decades ago, such as discrimination based on sex or religion or ethnic origins ” (Thêm vào đó, nhiều rào cản hội nghề nghiệp tồn vài thập kỉ trước phân biệt đối xử dựa giới tính tơn giáo nguồn gốc dân tộc ) Question Chọn đáp án A - rapidly (adv): nhanh chóng - incessantly (adv): khơng ngừng, khơng dứt - categorically (adv): rõ ràng, minh bạch - vigilantly (adv): thận trọng, cảnh giác “In addition, many of the barriers to career opportunity that existed only a few decades ago, such as discrimination based on sex or religion or ethnic origins, are rapidly disappearing.” (Thêm vào đó, nhiều rào cản hội nghề nghiệp tồn vài thập kỉ trước phân biệt đối xử dựa giới tính tơn giảo nguồn gốc dân tộc nhanh chóng biến mất.) Exercise 7: Question Chọn đáp án D - so: thế, - despite ~ in spite of + N/ V-ing: - although + a clause (S+ V): “Welcome to the Netherlands, a tiny country that only extends although the land area increases slightly each year (Chào mừng đến với Hà Lan, quốc gia nhỏ rộng diện tích đất tăng nhẹ năm, ) Question Chọn đáp án C - regularly (adv): thưởng xuyên, đặn - occasionally (adv): - commonly (adv) ~ usually, very often: thông thưởng + commonly known (collocation): widely known usually or by most people: thưởng ngưởi biết đến ' - unusually (adv): bất thưởng, không thưởng Question Chọn đáp án A - historic (adj): important or influential in history: quan trọng lịch sử, có ý nghĩa lịch sử - historical (adj): connected with the past: có liên quan đến lịch sử, xảy khứ - historically (adv): mặt lịch sử - historian (n): sử gia, nhà sử học + a historic city ~ a very old city: thành phố cổ kính “You’ll be impressed by its historic cities and charmed by its countryside and villages ” (Bạn bị ấn tượng thành phố cổ kính bị quyến rũ vùng nông thôn làng ) Question Chọn đáp án D - make a reservation (collocation): đặt chỗ trước “ the nationwide tourist office is on hand to give you information and help you make reservations” (văn phòng du lịch tồn quốc sẵn sàng cung cấp cho bạn thông tin giúp bạn đặt chỗ trước.) Question Chọn đáp án A - few + N đếm số nhiều: ít, khơng có (mang nghĩa phủ định) - a few + N đếm số nhiều ~ some: vài, (mang nghĩa khẳng định) - little + N không đếm được: ít, khơng có (mang nghĩa phủ định) - a little + N không đếm ~ some: chút, (mang nghĩa khẳng định) Danh từ phía sau “language problems” => loại C, D “You’ll have few language problems here, as the Dutch are true linguists and English is spoken here almost universally” (Ở đây, bạn gặp vấn đề ngơn ngữ ngưởi Hà Lan nhà ngơn ngữ thật Tiếng Anh nói gần phổ biến.) Exercise 8: Question Chọn đáp án C - format (n): định dạng, khổ - outline (n): đề cương, đường nét - shape (n): hình, hình dạng - line (n): đường kẻ + mould sth into shapes: nặn, đúc thành nhiều hình dạng Question Chọn đáp án D - Whoever (pronoun): ai, người - However (adv): nhiên - Forever (adv): mãi - Wherever (adv, conj): nơi nào, nơi “Wherever the precious metal was discovered, prospectors rushed to mine it, starting new cities and countries as they went.” (Bất nơi mà kim loại quý phát hiện, người thăm dò vội vã đến để khai thác, thành lập thành phố quốc gia họ đến.) Question Chọn đáp án B - in the world: giới “Gold and the people who love it have helped shape the world we live in today.” (Vàng người u thích vàng giúp hình thành nên giới mà sống ngày hôm nay.) Question Chọn đáp án C - yet (conj) + a clause: - despite (prep) + N/ V-ing: - because (conj) + a clause: - so (conj) + a clause: vậy, “Gold has a warm, sunny colour and because it does not react with air, water, and most chemicals, its shine never fades” (Vàng có màu ánh kim khơng phản ứng với khơng khí, nước hầu hết hóa chất nên độ sáng bóng khơng phai.) Question Chọn đáp án C - estate (n): bất động sản - stage (n): giai đoạn - State (n): trạng thái, tình trạng - position (n): vị trí + natural State: trạng thái tự nhiên “In its natural state, gold is soft and easily shaped When heated to 1,062 Celsius it melts and can be poured into moulds to form coins, gold bars, and other objects” (Trong trạng thái tự nhiên, vàng mềm dễ tạo hình Khi đun nóng đến 1062 độ C tan chảy đổ vào khn để đúc tiền xu, thỏi vàng đồ vật khác.) Exercise 9: Question Chọn đáp án C - sth at one’s own speed: làm việc theo nhịp độ mà thích/ muốn “The use of computers has meant that students can study language programmes at their own speed when and for how long they want” (Việc sử dụng máy tính nghĩa học sinh học chương trình ngoại ngữ tùy theo nhịp độ mà họ muốn học lúc bao lâu) Question Chọn đáp án D - force (n): sức, lực - hit (n): đòn, cú đánh trúng - depress (v): ấn xuống, nén xuống - push (n): xô, cú đẩy, + At the push of a button: very easily: dễ dàng E.g: He could get everything he needs at the push of a button Question Chọn đáp án B - so (adv): quá, + so + adj/ adv (+ that clause); (đến nỗi mà) - such (deter): vậy, + such (+a/an+ adj) + N - like (v, adj, prep): thích, giống như, - alike (adj, adv); giống “At the push of a button they would be transported to such realistic settings where they could practice their English” (Rất dễ dàng, họ chuyển đến môi trường học thực tế vậy, nơi mà họ luyện tập tiếng Anh mình) Question Chọn đáp án D - role (v): vai trò - duty (n): nhiệm vụ - obligation (n): nghĩa vụ, bổn phận - need (n): nhu cầu + no need to sth: không cần làm E.g: There’s no need to buy more food Question Chọn đáp án A - replace (v): thay - restore (v): khôi phục lại, phục hồi lại - succeed (v): thành công - recover (v): khôi phục lại, sửa lại, bình phục “Exciting? Certainly, and it’s an interesting alternative to traditional classroom lessons But would it ever replace the classroom? (Hấp dẫn ư? Chắc chắn lựa chọn thú vị so với học lớp học truyền thống Nhưng thay lớp học chăng?) Exercise 10: Question 1: A Question 2: B Question 3: D Question 4: C Question 5: B Exercise 11: Question 1:C Question 2:D Question 3:D Question 4:B Question 5:D Exercise 12: Question 1:C Question 2:C Question 3:B Question 4:D Question 5:D Exercise 13: Question 1:D Question 2:A Question 3:D Question 4:C Question 5:C Exercise 14: Question 1:D Question 2:D Question 3:D Question 4:A Question 5:C Exercise 15: Question 1:B Question 2:C Question 3:A Question 4:C Question 5:D Exercise 16: Question 1:C Question 2:B Question 3:B Question 4:C Question5:A Exercise 17: Question 1:B Question 2:A Question 3:B Question 4:C Question 5:B Exercise 18: Question 1:A Question 2:B Question 3:D Question 4:C Question 5:A Exercise 19: Question 1:D Question 2:D Question 3:B Question 4:A Question 5:A Exercise 20: Question 1:B Question 2:B Question 3:C Question 4:B Question 5:D Exercise 21: Question 1:A Question 2:D Question 3:B Question 4:B Question 5:C Exercise 22: Question 1:A Question 2:C Question 3:D Question 4:B Question 5:C Exercise 23: Question 1:B Question 2:A Question 3:D Question 4:B Question 5:D Exercise 24: Question 1:C Question 2:D Question 3:A Question 4:B Question 5:A Exercise 25: Question 1:B Question 2:C Question 3:B Question 4:C Question 5:A Exercise 26: Question 1:A Question 2:A Question 3:B Question 4:D Question 5:C Exercise 27: Question 1:D Question 2:C Question 3:B Question 4:A Question 5:D Exercise 28: Question 1:B Question 2:D Question 3:A Question 4:D Question 5:A Exercise 29: Question 1:C Question 2:C Question 3:B Question 4:B Question 5:D Exercise 30: Question 1:B Question 2:A Question 3:C Question 4:A Question 5:B Exercise 31: Question 1:C Question 2:D Question 3:B Question 4:C Question 5:A Exercise 32: Question 1:B Question 2:A Question 3:D Question 4:D Question 5:C Exercise 33: Question 1:D Question 2:C Question 3:A Question 4:D Question 5:D Exercise 34: Question 1:A Question 2:B Question 3:D Question 4:C Question 5:A Exercise 35: Question 1:C Question 2:C Question 3:B Question 4:B Question 5:D Exercise 36: Question 1:A Question 2:C Question 3:A Question 4:B Question 5:D Exercise 37: Question 1:D Question 2:A Question 3:D Question 4:C Question 5:B Exercise 38: Question 1:D Question 2:D Question 3:D Question 4:A Question 5:B ... attractively Question 5: A where B which C what D when ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 39 ĐÁP ÁN BÀI TẬP ĐIỀN TỪ Exercise 1: Question Chọn đáp án A - be based on/... tương lai cô trở thành người vợ người mẹ.) Question Chọn đáp án A - where: trạng từ quan hệ, thay cho từ/ cụm từ nơi chốn - when: trạng từ quan hệ, thay cho từ/ cụm từ thởi gian - why: trạng từ quan... acquire D.know Question 5: A able B unable C not D never ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2019 – CÔ DƯƠNG THỊ HƯƠNG – MEGABOOK – ĐỀ SỐ 38 Exercise 38: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C,
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