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BÀI TẬP ĐIỀN TỪ Exercise 1: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks Scuba diving is a sport in (1) you swim underwater for extended (2) using special equipment The word Scuba is actually an acronym for self-contained underwater breathing apparatus Scuba diving is an excellent way to see some very beautiful sites: coral diving sites with their colorful sea life are the most famous but other scuba diving (3) include shipwrecks and caverns Scuba diving can also be a very relaxing sport and in many places it’s very beginner friendly Many dive sites are (4) (under the care of an instructor) after a short briefing and training dive You can learn to dive far more quickly than you learn snow sports, for example It’s also suitable for people with a number of physical disabilities (5) _you can use the breathing equipment and are able to successfully propel yourself underwater you may be able to dive Question 1: A which B where C that D what Question 2: A stages B rounds C periods D terms Question 3: A impressions B amusements C recreations D attractions Question 4: A available B approaching C accessible D manageable Question 5: A Because B When C As long as D Although (ĐỀ LUYỆN THI THPT QG – CƠ HỒNG XN – ĐỀ 1) Exercise 2:Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks NOISE POLLUTION Noise is more than a mere nuisance At certain levels and durations of exposure, it can cause physical damage to the eardrum, and (1) _ in temporary or permanent hearing loss In addition to causing hearing loss, (2) noise exposure can also (3) _ blood pressure and pulse rate, cause irritability, anxiety, and mental fatigue, and interfere with sleep, recreation, and personal communication Noise pollution control is, (4) _, of importance in the workplace and in the community Noise effects can be (5) _ by a number of techniques, for example, increasing the distance or blocking the path between the noise source and the recipient, reducing noise level at the source, and protecting recipients with earplugs or earmuffs Question 1: A bring B result C create D affect Question 2: A exceedingly B excess C excessively D excessive Question 3: A enlarge B maximize C raise D rise Question 4: A therefore B however C meanwhile D in spite of Question 5: A minimized B created C brought D done (ĐỀ LUYỆN THI THPT QG – CƠ HỒNG XN – ĐỀ 2) Exercise 3: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks Library is a collection of books and other informational materials made available to people for reading, study, or reference The word library comes from liber, the Latin word for “book” (1) , library collections have almost always contained a variety of materials Contemporary libraries maintain collections that include not only printed materials such as manuscripts, books, newspapers, and magazines, but also audio-visual and online databases In addition to maintaining collections within library buildings, modern libraries often feature telecommunications links that provide users with access to information at remote sites The central mission of a library is to collect, organize, preserve, and provide access to knowledge and information In fulfilling this mission, libraries preserve a valuable record of culture that can be passed down to (2) generations Libraries are an essential link in this communication between the past, present, and future Whether the cultural record is contained in books or in electronic formats, libraries ensure (3) the record is preserved and made available for later use People use library resources to gain information about personal interests or to obtain recreational materials such as films and novels Students use libraries to supplement and enhance their classroom experiences, to learn (4) in locating sources of information, and to develop good reading and study habits Public officials use libraries to research legislation and public policy issues One of the most valued of all cultural institutions, the library (5) information and services that are essential to learning and progress Question 1: A Despite B However C Therefore D Instead Question 2: A succeeding B succeed C successful D success Question 3: A what B which C who D that Question 4: A abilities B skills C talents D capacities Question 5: A relates B applies C supplies D digests (ĐỀ LUYỆN THI THPT QG – CƠ HỒNG XN – ĐỀ 3) Exercise 4: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks Many parents believe that they should begin to teach their children to read when they are slightly more than toddlers This is fine if the child chows a real interest but forcing a child could be counterproductive if she isn't ready Wise parents will have a hopeful attitude and take the lead from their child (1) _ they should provide is a selection of stimulating toys, books and other activities Nowadays there is plenty of good material available for young children, and of course, seeing plenty of books in use them to read Of course, books are no longer the only source of stories and information There is also a huge range of videos, which can reinforce and extend the pleasure a child finds in a book and are (2) _ helping to increase vocabulary and concentration Television gets a bad review as far as children are concerned, mainly because too many spend too much time watching programmes not intended for their age (3) Too many television programmes induce an incurious, uncritical attitude that is going to make learning much more difficult (4) , discriminating viewing of programmes designed for young children can be useful Just as adults enjoy reading a book after seeing it serialised on television, so children will pounce on books which (5) their favourite television characters and videos can add a new dimension to a story known from a book Question 1: A What B That C How D Which Question 2: A properly B worthily C perfectly D equally Question 3: A set B band C group D limit Question 4: A Therefore B However C Consequently D Although Question 5: A illustrate B extend C feature D possess (ĐỀ LUYỆN THI THPT QG – CƠ HỒNG XN – ĐỀ 4) Exercise 5: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks The United States has many different types of families (1) most American families are traditional, consisting of a father, a mother and one or more children, 22 percent of all American families in 1998 were headed by one parent, usually a woman In a few families in the United States, there are no children These (2) _ couples may believe that they would not make good parents; they may want freedom from responsibilities of childbearing; or, perhaps they are not (3) _ able to have children Other families in the United States have one adult who is a stepparent A stepmother or stepfather is a person who joins a family by marrying a father or a mother Americans (4) _ and accept these different types of families In the United States people have right to privacy and Americans not believe in telling other Americans (5) type of family group they must belong to They respect each other’s choices regarding family groups Families are very important to Americans Question 1: A Like B While C Despite D Because Question 2: A childish B childlike C childless D childhood Question 3: A physically B mentally C spiritually D regularly Question 4: A tolerate B refuse C remember D remind Question 5: A what B this C who D that (ĐỀ LUYỆN THI THPT QG – CƠ HỒNG XN – ĐỀ 5) Exercise 6: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks Nowadays people are more aware that wildlife all over the world is in (1) _ Many species of animals are threatened, and could easily become (2) _ if we not make an effort to protect them There are many reasons for this In some cases animals are hunted for their fur or for other valuable parts of their bodies Some birds, such as parrots, are caught (3) _, and sold as pets For many animals and birds, the problem is that their habitats-the place where they live-is disappearing More land is used for farm, for houses and industry, and there are fewer open spaces than there once were Farmers use powerful chemicals to help them grow better crops, (4) these chemicals pollute the environment and harm wildlife The most successful animals on Earth, human beings, will soon be the only ones (4) _ unless we can solve this problem Question 1: A threat B problem C danger D vanishing Question 2: A disappeared B vanished C extinct D empty Question 3: A for life B alive C lively D for living Question 4: A but B and C so D despite Question 5: A left B forgotten C staying D survived (ĐỀ LUYỆN THI THPT QG – CƠ HỒNG XN – ĐỀ 6) Exercise 7: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks The invention of the mobile phone has undoubtedly revolutionized the way people communicate and influenced every aspect of our lives The issue is whether this technological innovation has (1) more harm than good In order to answer the question, we must first turn to the types of consumers Presumably, most parents (2) are always worrying about their children’s safety buy mobile phones for them to track their whereabouts We can also assume that most teenagers want mobile phones to avoid missing out on social contact In this context, the advantages are clear (3) , we cannot deny the fact that text messages have been used by bullies to intimidate fellow students There is also (4) evidence that texting has affected literacy skills The widespread use of mobile phone has, out of question, affected adult consumers too What employee, on the way home from work, would be reluctant to answer a call from their boss? Apparently, only 18% of us, according to a survey, are willing to switch off our mobile phones once we've left the office Admittedly, mobile phones can be intrusive but there are obvious benefits to possessing one Personally speaking, they are invaluable when it comes to making social or business arrangements at short (5) _ They also provide their owners with a sense of security in emergency situations Question 1: A done B played C made D brought Question 2: A which B whom C who D what Question 3: A Moreover B However C Therefore D So that Question 4: A indisputable B arguable C doubtless D unhesitating Question 5: A time B warming C term D notice (ĐỀ LUYỆN THI THPT QG – CƠ HỒNG XN – ĐỀ 7) Exercise 8: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks The knock-on effect of volunteering on the lives of individuals can be profound Voluntary work helps foster independence and imparts the ability to deal with different situations, often simultaneously, thus teaching people how to (1) their way through different systems It therefore brings people into touch with the real world; and, hence, equips them for the future Initially, young adults in their late teens might not seem to have the expertise or knowledge to impart to others that say a teacher or an agriculturalist or a nurse would have, (2) they have many skills that can help others And in the absence of any particular talent, their energy and enthusiasm can be harnessed for the benefit (3) their fellow human beings, and ultimately themselves From all this, the gain to any community no matter how many volunteers are involved is (4) Employers will generally look favorably on people (5) have shown an ability to work as part of a team It demonstrates a willingness to learn and an independent spirit, which would be desirable qualities in any employee Question 1: A take B work C put D give Question 2: A but B so C or D for Question 3: A under B of C on D out Question 4: A impassable B unattainable C undetectable D immeasurable Question 5: A which B what C whose D who (ĐỀ LUYỆN THI THPT QG – CƠ HỒNG XN – ĐỀ 8) Exercise 9: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks Polar bears are in danger of dying out Unlike some other endangered animals, it's not hunters that are the problem, it's climate change Since 1979, the ice cap at the Arctic Circle where the polar bears live has reduced in size (1) _ about 30 per cent The temperature in the Arctic has slowly been rising and this is (2) _ the sea ice to melt, endangering the polar bears' home The polar bears' main sources of food are the different types of seals found in the Arctic They catch them by waiting next to the air holes seals have made in the ice (3) _ the bears are very strong swimmers, they could never catch seals in water This means that the bears really rely on the ice to hunt Polar bears also need sea ice to travel They can cover a huge territory and often swim from one part of the ice to another They have been (4) _ to swim up to 100 km, but when there is less ice, they may have to swim further and this can (5) _ fatal to the bears A number of bears have drown in the last few years and scientists believe that it is because they were not able to reach more ice before they became too tired and couldn't swim any further Question 1: A in B by C within D for Question 2: A making B turning C causing D resulting Question 3: A Even B Despite C As D Although Question 4: A known B learnt C experienced D noticed Question 5: A happen B come C end D prove (ĐỀ LUYỆN THI THPT QG – CƠ HỒNG XN – ĐỀ 9) Exercise 10: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks Left-handers are the odd ones out Sure, lefties (1) up about 10 percent of the population but, frankly, it seems like society has forgotten about them Just consider all of the right-handed gadgets, awkwardly designed desks, and cooking tools that fit comfortably only in your right hand What (2) someone to become a lefthander? Scientists aren’t exactly sure, but research points to a complex (3) between genes and environment While no exact set of “leftie genes” have been discovered, people who dominantly use their left hands have more left-handed family members And researchers have found different brain wirings in righties vs lefties But no matter (4) it is that drives someone to use their antipodal paw, science has also uncovered a particular set of personality traits that left-handed people tend to have So for all of you lefties, leftie-loving righties, and ambidextrous folks out there - it’s time to brush up on your left-handed knowledge and help (5) an end to leftie discrimination once and for all Question 1: A consist B account C hold D make Question 2: A causes B makes C gets D does Question 3: A collaborate B collaboration C collaborating D collaborated Question 4: A which B who C what D that Question 5: A put B bring C make D take (ĐỀ LUYỆN THI THPT QG – CƠ HỒNG XN – ĐỀ 10) Exercise 11: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks You will make the interview process easier for the employer if you prepare relevant information about yourself Think about how you want to present your (1) , experiences, education, work style, skills, and goals Be prepared to supplement all your answers with examples that support the statements you make It is also a good idea to review your resume with a critical eye and identify areas that an employer might see as limitations or want further information Think about how you can answer difficult questions (2) and positively, while keeping each answer brief An interview gives the employer a (3) _ to get to know you While you want to market yourself to the employer, answer each question with an honest response Never say anything negative about past experiences, employers, or courses and professors Always think of something positive about an experience and talk about that You should also be (4) If you are genuinely interested in the job, let the interviewer know that One of the best ways to show you are keen on a job is to demonstrate that you have researched the organization prior to the interview You can also (5) interest by asking questions about the job, the organization, and its services and products Question 1: A pressures B practices C promotions D strengths Question 2: A accurately B hardly C rightly D sharply Question 3: A change B way C chance D practice Question 4: A enthusiasm B enthusiastic C enthusiast D enthusiastically Question 5: A show B appear C conceal D cover (ĐỀ LUYỆN THI THPT QG – CƠ HỒNG XUÂN – ĐỀ 11) Exercise 12: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks It is true that keeping fit will benefit a person’s health in many ways It has become clear in recent years, that a large number of people are doing less and less exercise and this is now causing many serious illnesses, putting a strain on doctors and hospitals However, some experts believe that too much exercise can just as much (1) Although it is true that moderate exercise such as walking can be very beneficial to a person’s health, it is not the only one factor (2) _ keeps us healthy Diet is also extremely important and I would argue that it is probably even more important than exercise, although the ideal is for both of these factors to work together It seems to me that many people are unwilling to put in the effort required to become fitter 3) _, too much exercise can also cause problems So people are urged to take moderate exercise and eat moderately healthily rather than embarking on extreme diets and training In too many instances, ultra-fit people have had heart attacks or dropped down dead In all, governments need to find ways of (4) people to take responsibility for their own health People need to realize that eating healthy food does not have to cost a (5) , nor is it difficult to prepare healthy meals themselves People need to be better educated about their health Question A ruin B destruction C damage D hurt Question A who B when C which D what Question A For example B However C Therefore D In fact Question A motivating B motivational C motivate D motivation Question A benefit B wealth C treasure D fortune (ĐỀ LUYỆN THI THPT QG – CÔ HOÀNG XUÂN – ĐỀ 12) Exercise 13: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks VIRTUAL DOCTORS Clare Harrison rarely falls ill and hates going to the doctor’s when she does So when she recently (1) _ out in a painful rash down one side of her body she emailed her symptoms, (2) _ also included a (3) _ fever, to e-doc, the internet medical service Two hours later she was diagnosed as having shingles (Herpes Zoster) by her online doctor, who prescribed a special cleansing solution for the rash and analgesics to help relieve the pain Health advice is now the second most popular topic that people search for on the internet, and online medical consultation is big business Sites vary enormously in what they offer, with services ranging from the equivalent of a medical agony aunt to a live chat with a doctor via email They are clearly (4) _ a demand from people who are too busy or, in some cases, too embarrassed to discuss their medical (5) _ with their GP Question 1: A worked B passed C came D ran Question 2: A whose B which C who D that Question 3: A small B weak C mild D calm Question 4: A serving B meeting C creating D establishing Question 5: A harm B story C hardship D complaint (ĐỀ LUYỆN THI THPT QG – CƠ HỒNG XN – ĐỀ 13) Exercise 14: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks In many countries of Northern Europe, including Scandinavia, Finland, Northern Russia, and the Baltic states, ice swimming is closely connected with the tradition of sauna, (1) has led to the creation of a new activity where stays in the sauna are (2) with quick 'pauses' in ice water In Russia, ice swimmers are called what can be literally translated as 'walruses ' The north of Europe, (3) , is not the only place where winter swimming is practised regularly A large ice swimming movement exists in the UK, based in a famous location: the Serpentine Lake in Hyde Park in London In Harbin, Northern China, about 200,000 people ice-swim in the Songhua River every winter The oldest ice swimming club in the United States, the Coney Island Polar Bear Club of New York, organises an annual (4) on New Year's Day In Canada, 'Polar Bear Swims; 'Plunges' or 'Dips' are a New Year's Day tradition in (5) communities as well, the biggest one taking place in Vancouver since 1920 Question 1: A who B that C where D which Question 2: A interdependent B intermingled C interactive D interrelated Question 3: A moreover B therefore C however D otherwise Question 4: A plunge B drainage C withdrawal D bathing Question 5: A numbering B numerate C numerable D numerous (ĐỀ LUYỆN THI THPT QG – CƠ HỒNG XN – ĐỀ 14) Exercise 15: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks When hosting an Olympic Games, a country has to take account of several considerations, among which the financial one is by far the most important The costs of hosting the Olympics can (1) _tens of billions of dollars, and it is commonplace for budgets to double or even triple In addition to the direct costs of hosting the Games (the opening and closing ceremonies, athletes’ village, security, etc.,), cities often must build expensive new venues (2) _lesser-known sports Once constructed, sports venues often incur additional maintenance costs long after the Games have ended While costs are the (3) _concern for a host city, there are other factors to consider For one, an Olympic host city may receive substantial revenue from ticket sales, tourist spending, corporate sponsorship, and television rights Cities such as Los Angeles (1984) actually made a large profit from the Games they hosted (4) _, hosting the Olympic Games confers prestige on a host city and country, which can lead to increased trade and tourism The Olympics are also an opportunity to invest in projects (5) _ improve the city’s quality of life, such as new transportation systems Question A surmount B overcharge C exceed D outnumber Question A on B for C in D at Question A supplementary B influential C instrumental D primary Question A In addition B However C For example D Otherwise Question A who B which C what D whom (ĐỀ LUYỆN THI THPT QG – CƠ HỒNG XN – ĐỀ 15) Exercise 16: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks The warming of the Pacific Ocean has created weather patterns (1) _ strongly affect the world When the water is warm, the amount of rainfall in Indonesia and the surrounding regions decreases Australia could (2) _ experience a drought in many parts On the other hand, Chile (which borders the Pacific Ocean) is preparing for (3) _ rainstorms In Pakistan and northwestern India, the weather pattern makes the rainy season weaker and makes the area much drier This happening is called El Nino and is used by weather forecasters to make long-range weather predictions They also know that El Nino will unusually bring heavy rains to the southwestern part of the United States and make the central part of the country drier at the same time According to research, weather forecasters used to know about the coming weather with certainty Now everything has become completely different El Nino itself used to be (4) It would occur every two to seven years But now, this weather pattern is becoming more frequent We cannot say when and how often tornadoes or cyclones occur Scientists are unsure of the reason for this (5) _ on a global scale either Giải thích: be left: lại forgotten (P2): bị lãng qn staying (V_ing): lại survive (V_ed): tồn The most successful animals on Earth, human beings, will soon be the only ones (5) left unless we can solve this problem Tạm dịch: Lồi động vật thành cơng Trái Đất, người, sớm lồi sót lại khơng thể giải vấn đề Chọn A Exercise 7: Question A The invention of the mobile phone has undoubtedly revolutionized the way people communicate and influenced every aspect of our lives The issue is whether this technological innovation has (1) done more harm than good Tạm dịch: Sự phát minh điện thoại di động chắn cách mạng hóa cách người giao tiếp ảnh hưởng đến khía cạnh sống Vấn đề liệu đổi công nghệ gây hại nhiều ảnh hưởng tốt Sự kết hợp từ: harm to sb (gây hại cho đó) Chọn A Question C In order to answer the question, we must first turn to the types of consumers Presumably, most parents (2) who are always worrying about their children’s safety buy mobile phones for them to track their whereabouts Tạm dịch: Để trả lời câu hỏi, trước tiên phải chuyển sang loại người tiêu dùng Có lẽ, hầu hết bậc cha mẹ lo lắng an toàn họ mua điện thoại di động để theo dõi nơi họ “parents” danh từ người => chọn “who” “who + V” ; whom + S + V Chọn C Question B We can also assume that most teenagers want mobile phones to avoid missing out on social contact In this context, the advantages are clear (3) However, we cannot deny the fact that text messages have been used by bullies to intimidate fellow students Tạm dịch: Chúng ta cho hầu hết thiếu niên muốn điện thoại di động để tránh bỏ lỡ liên lạc xã hội Trong bối cảnh này, lợi rõ ràng Tuy nhiên, phủ nhận thực tế tin nhắn văn bị kẻ bắt nạt sử dụng để đe dọa sinh viên Chọn B Question A There is also (4) indisputable evidence that texting has affected literacy skills The widespread use of mobile phone has, out of question, affected adult consumers too What employee, on the way home from work, would be reluctant to answer a call from their boss? Apparently, only 18% of us, according to a survey, are willing to switch off our mobile phones once we've left the office Tạm dịch: Ngồi có chứng chối cãi nhắn tin ảnh hưởng đến kỹ đọc viết Việc sử dụng rộng rãi điện thoại di động, khơng nghi ngờ nữa, ảnh hưởng đến người tiêu dùng trưởng thành Nhân viên nào, đường làm về, miễn cưỡng trả lời gọi từ sếp họ? Rõ ràng, có 18% số chúng ta, theo khảo sát, sẵn sàng tắt điện thoại di động sau rời văn phòng indisputable /ˌɪndɪˈspjuːtəbl/ (a): that is true and cannot be disagreed with or denied => synonym undeniable VD: indisputable evidence arguable /ˈɑːɡjuəbl/ (a): if something is arguable, you are not completely certain whether it is true or correct => synonym: debatable VD: Whether good students make good teachers is arguable doubtless /ˈdaʊtləs/ (adv): almost certainly/ without doubt VD: He would doubtless disapprove of what Kelly was doing unhesitating /ʌnˈhezɪteɪtɪŋ/ (a): done or given immediately and confidently VD: He gave an unhesitating „yes’ when asked if he would go through the experience again Chọn A Question D Admittedly, mobile phones can be intrusive but there are obvious benefits to possessing one Personally speaking, they are invaluable when it comes to making social or business arrangements at short (5) notice They also provide their owners with a sense of security in emergency situations Tạm dịch: Phải thừa nhận rằng, điện thoại di động gây khó chịu có lợi ích rõ ràng sở hữu Theo cá nhân mà nói, chúng có giá trị việc xếp xã hội kinh doanh thời gian ngắn Họ cung cấp cho chủ sở hữu họ cảm giác an tồn tình khẩn cấp Cụm từ: at short notice (thời gian thông báo ngắn) Chọn D Exercise 8: Question B The knock-on effect of volunteering on the lives of individuals can be profound Voluntary work helps foster independence and imparts the ability to deal with different situations, often simultaneously, thus teaching people how to (1) work their way through different systems Tạm dịch: Phản ứng dây chuyền việc tình nguyện lên đời sống cá nhân nhiều Cơng việc tình nguyện giúp người ta trở nên độc lập giúp người khả đương đầu với nhiều tình khác nhau, thường cách đồng thời, dạy người cách làm việc từ đầu chí cuối hệ thống khác Thành ngữ: “work one’s way through”: làm việc từ đầu đến cuối Chọn B Question A Initially, young adults in their late teens might not seem to have the expertise or knowledge to impart to others that say a teacher or an agriculturalist or a nurse would have, (2) but they have many skills that can help others Tạm dịch: Ban đầu, người trẻ độ tuổi thiếu niên dường khơng có kiến thức chuyên môn hiểu biết để truyền đạt cho người khác giáo viên nhà nơng học y tá, họ lại có kĩ mà giúp đỡ người khác “but”: => thể tương phản trợ động từ + V (nguyên thể) => nhấn mạnh Chọn A Question B And in the absence of any particular talent, their energy and enthusiasm can be harnessed for the benefit (3) of their fellow human beings, and ultimately themselves Tạm dịch: Và trường hợp họ khơng có tài đặc biệt cả, lượng nhiệt tình họ khái thác lợi ích đồng loại cuối lợi ích họ Công thức: “the benefit of something”: lợi ích Chọn B Question D From all this, the gain to any community no matter how many volunteers are involved is (4) immeasurable Tạm dịch: Sau cân nhắc tất điều này, lợi ích cho cộng đồng dù có tình nguyện viên tham gia lớn (không để đo lường được) measure (v): đo lường => measurable (adj): đo lường => immeasurable (adj): đo lường Các phương án khác: A impassable (adj): qua (dùng để mô tả đường phố khu vực đó) B unattainable (adj): đạt (thường dùng để mô tả mục tiêu) C undetectable (adj): phát Chọn D Question D Employers will generally look favorably on people (5) have shown an ability to work as part of a team It demonstrates a willingness to learn and an independent spirit, which would be desirable qualities in any employee Tạm dịch: Những người chủ lao động thường đánh giá cao người thể khả làm việc theo nhóm Nó cho thấy sẵn lòng học hỏi tinh thần tự lập, phẩm chất mà người chủ lao động mong muốn người lao động có people (n): người => danh từ người => dùng “who” + V (thay cho danh từ người, làm chủ ngữ) N1 whose N2: sở hữu (N2 thuộc sở hữu N1) Chọn D Exercise 9: Question B Since 1979, the ice cap at the Arctic Circle where the polar bears live has reduced in size (1) by about 30 per cent Tạm dịch: Kể từ năm 1979, chỏm băng vòng Cực Bắc nơi gấu bắc cực sống giảm kích cỡ khoảng 30 phần trăm by + số lượng: mức (bao nhiêu) Chọn B Question C The temperature in the Arctic has slowly been rising and this is (2) causing the sea ice to melt, endangering the polar bears' home Tạm dịch: Nhiệt độ dần tăng lên điều khiến băng tan chảy, đe dọa đến nơi gấu bắc cực cause + O + to V (nguyên thể): khiến cho làm make + O + adj: khiến cho trạng thái make + O + V (ngun thể): khiến làm turn + adj: chuyển sang (thế nào) result in = lead to: dẫn đến hậu Chọn C Question3 D (3) Although the bears are very strong swimmers, they could never catch seals in water Tạm dịch: Mặc dù bơi giỏi chúng không bắt hải cẩu nước Công thức: Although + S + V…: Mặc dù… even + if / when: nhấn mạnh => khơng đứng => loại despite + N / V_ing: as: khi, => khơng phù hợp nghĩa Chọn D Question A They have been (4) known to swim up to 100 km,… Tạm dịch: Chúng người ta biết đến bơi đến tận 100km, Chọn A Các phương án khác: B learnt (v): học C experienced (v): trải nghiệm D noticed (v): để ý thấy Question D …but when there is less ice, they may have to swim further and this can (5) prove fatal to the bears Tạm dịch: có băng, chúng phải bơi xa điều hóa khiến chúng bị chết Cấu trúc: prove + adj: hóa là… Chọn D Exercise 10: Question D Sure, lefties (1) make up about 10 percent of the population - but, frankly, it seems like society has forgotten about them Tạm dịch: Chắc chắn người thuận tay trái chiếm khoảng 10% dân số giới - nhưng, thẳng thắn mà nói, dường xã hội quên họ make up = account for: chiếm consist of: bao gồm Chọn D Question A What (2) causes someone to become a lefthander? Tạm dịch: Điều khiến cho trở thành người thuận tay trái? cause + O + to V (nguyên thể): khiến cho make + O + V (nguyên thể): buộc phải làm get + O + to V (nguyên thể): nhờ vả, yêu cầu làm Chọn A Question B Kiến thức kiểm tra: Từ loại Sau tính từ cần danh từ A collaborate (v): hợp tác, phối hợp B collaboration (n): hợp tác C collaborating (V_ing) D collaborated (V_ed) Scientists aren’t exactly sure, but research points to a complex (3) collaboration between genes and environment Tạm dịch: Các nhà khoa học khơng xác chắn, nghiên cứu hợp tác phức tạp gen môi trường Chọn B Question C But no matter (4) what it is that drives someone to use their antipodal paw, science has also uncovered a particular set of personality traits that left-handed people tend to have Tạm dịch: Cho dù mà khiến cho có thiên hướng sử dụng tay khác với người lại, khoa học chứng minh người thuận tay trái có thiên hướng đặc điểm tính cách no matter + who/what + S + V= whoever/whatever: ai/cái Chọn C Question A So for all of you lefties, leftie-loving righties, and ambidextrous folks out there - it’s time to brush up on your left-handed knowledge and help (5) put an end to leftie discrimination once and for all Tạm dịch: Vì vậy, tất người thuận tay trái, người yêu thích tay trái người thích nghịch ngợm ngồi – đến lúc để nắm bắt kiến thức giúp đỡ bạn chấm dứt phân biệt đối xử người thuận tay trái lần mãi Thành ngữ: put an end to + O: chấm dứt Chọn A Exercise 11: Question D Think about how you want to present your (1) strengths, experiences, education, work style, skills, and goals Tạm dịch: Hãy nghĩ cách mà bạn muốn trình bày mạnh, kinh nghiệm, trình độ học vấn, tác phong công việc, kĩ mục tiêu công việc Chọn D Các phương án khác: A pressures (n): áp lực B practices (n): hành nghề C promotions (n): thúc đẩy Question A Think about how you can answer difficult questions (2) accurately and positively, while keeping each answer brief Tạm dịch: Hãy suy nghĩ xem bạn trả lời câu hỏi khó cách xác, tích cực ngắn gọn Chọn A Các phương án khác: B hardly (adv): không C rightly (adv): hợp lý, đáng D sharply (adv): mạnh Question3 C An interview gives the employer a (3) chance to get to know you give somebody a chance: cho hội Tạm dịch: Cuộc vấn cho người chủ lao động hội để biết thêm bạn Chọn C Question B Kiến thức kiểm tra: Từ loại Sau tobe + tính từ You should also be (4) enthusiastic Tạm dịch: Bạn nên nhiệt tình Chọn B Các phương án khác: A enthusiasm (n): nhiệt tình C enthusiast (n): người nhiệt tình D enthusiastically (adv): cách nhiệt tình Question A You can also (5) show interest by asking questions about the job, the organization, and its services and products Tạm dịch: Bạn u thích cách hỏi thêm câu hỏi công việc, tổ chức, dịch vụ sản phẩm họ Chọn A Các phương án khác: B appear (v): xuất C conceal (v): che giấu D cover (v): che đậy Exercise 12: Question C However, some experts believe that too much exercise can just as much (1) damage Tạm dịch: Tuy nhiên, vài chuyên gia tin tập thể dục q nhiều gây hại nhiều khơng tập damage = harm: gây hại Chọn C Question C Although it is true that moderate exercise such as walking can be very beneficial to a person’s health, it is not the only one factor (2) which keeps us healthy Tạm dịch: Mặc dù thật tập thể dục vừa phải có lợi cho sức khỏe, khơng phải nhân tố giúp khỏe mạnh factor (n): nhân tố => vật which + V: thay cho từ vật Chọn C Question B It seems to me that many people are unwilling to put in the effort required to become fitter (3) However, too much exercise can also cause problems Tạm dịch: Dường nhiều người khơng sẵn lòng nỗ lực tập thể dục để trở nên cân đối Tuy nhiên, tập thể dục nhiều gây vấn đề Chọn B Question A In all, governments need to find ways of (4) motivating people to take responsibility for their own health Tạm dịch: Tóm lại, phủ cần tìm cách để tạo động lực cho người có trách nhiệm với sức khỏe họ Lý thuyết: giới từ + V_ing + O Chọn A Question D People need to realize that eating healthy food does not have to cost a (5) fortune, nor is it difficult to prepare healthy meals themselves Tạm dịch: Mọi người cần nhận ăn uống lành mạnh không tốn không khó để tự chuẩn bị bữa ă lành mạnh Thành ngữ: cost a fortune: tốn Chọn D Exercise 13: Question C come out: mẩn, phát ban So when she recently (1) came out in a painful rash down one side of her body Tạm dịch: Gần đây, cô ta bị mẩn lên bên người Chọn C Question B symptom (n): triệu chứng => danh từ vật, sau có dấu phẩy => dùng “which” she emailed her symptoms, (2) which also included Tạm dịch: cô ta viết email triệu chứng cô ta, mà bao gồm Chọn B Question C included a (3) mild fever, to e-doc, the internet medical service Tạm dịch: bao gồm sốt nhẹ, gửi đến dịch vụ khám bệnh trực tuyến e-doc Chọn C Question B meet a demand: đáp ứng nhu cầu (từ đó) They are clearly (4) meeting a demand from people who are too busy or, Tạm dịch: Họ rõ ràng đáp ứng nhu cầu từ người bận rộn là, Chọn B Question D medical complaint: chứng bệnh (= illness) GP (General Practitioner): bác sĩ đa khoa in some cases, too embarrassed to discuss their medical (5) complaint with their GP Tạm dịch: vài trường hợp, họ xấu hổ để thảo luận chứng bệnh họ với bác sĩ đa khoa Chọn D Exercise 14: Question D the tradition of sauna => vật, có dấu phẩy trước => dùng “which” In many countries of Northern Europe, including Scandinavia, Finland, Northern Russia, and the Baltic states, ice swimming is closely connected with the tradition of sauna, (1) which has led to the creation of a new activity Tạm dịch: Ở nhiều quốc gia Bắc Âu bao gồm Scandinavia, Phần Lan, Bắc Nga quốc gia Baltic, việc bơi băng liên quan mật thiết đến truyền thống tắm hơi, mà đến sáng tạo hoạt động Chọn D Question B A interdependent (v): phụ thuộc lẫn B intermingled = mix (v): trộn lẫn, kết hợp C interactive (adj): tương tác D interrelated (adj): liên quan mật thiết ảnh hưởng lẫn where stays in the sauna are (2) intermingled with quick 'pauses' in ice water Tạm dịch: phòng tắm kết hợp nhanh với việc ngừng lại nước đá Chọn B Question C The north of Europe, (3) however, is not the only place where winter swimming is practised regularly Tạm dịch: Phía bắc châu Âu nhiên lại nơi mà người ta tắm băng tuyết mùa đông thường xuyên Chọn C Question A B drainage (n): tháo nước C withdrawal (n): rút (tiền, quân) D bathing (n): việc tắm (trên biển, sông) The oldest ice swimming club in the United States, the Coney Island Polar Bear Club of New York, organises an annual (4) plunge on New Year's Day Tạm dịch: Câu lạc bơi băng lâu đời Mỹ có tên Coney Island Polar Bear Club of New York tổ chức kiện thường niên nhảy từ cao chìm xuống mặt nước vào ngày đầu năm Chọn A Question D A numbering (v): đánh số B numerate (adj): biết tính tốn C numerable (adj): đếm D numerous (adj) = many: nhiều In Canada, 'Polar Bear Swims; 'Plunges' or 'Dips' are a New Year's Day tradition in (5) numerous communities as well, the biggest one taking place in Vancouver since 1920 Tạm dịch: Ở Canada, 'Polar Bear Swims; 'Plunges' 'Dips' kiện mang tính truyền thống ngày đầu năm nhiều cộng đồng, kiện lớn diễn Vancouver từ năm 1920 in + adj + N Chọn D Exercise 15: Question C The costs of hosting the Olympics can (1) exceed tens of billions of dollars, and it is commonplace for budgets to double or even triple Tạm dịch: Chi phí việc đăng cai vận hội Olympic vượt hàng chục tỉ đô la, thông thường ngân sách tăng gấp đơi chí gấp ba A surmount (v) = overcome (v): vượt qua khó khăn B overcharge (v): tính tiền mức (so với thực tế) D outnumber (v): nhiều mặt số lượng Chọn C Question B cities often must build expensive new venues (2) for lesser-known sports Tạm dịch: thành phố phải xây dựng địa điểm đắt đỏ cho mơn thể thao biết đến build sth for…: xây dựng cho… Chọn B Question3 D While costs are the (3) primary concern for a host city, there are other factors to consider Tạm dịch: Ngoài mối quan tâm chi phí cho thành phố đăng cai, cần quan tâm đến nhân tố khác A supplementary = additional (adj): bổ sung, thêm vào B influential (adj): có tầm ảnh hưởng C instrumental (adj): không lời (nhạc) D primary = main (adj): Chọn D Question4 A Cities such as Los Angeles (1984) actually made a large profit from the Games they hosted (4) In addition, hosting the Olympic Games confers prestige on a host city and country, which can lead to increased trade and tourism Tạm dịch: Những thành phố ví dụ nhưu Los Angeles (1984) thực kiếm khoản tiền lớn từ việc đăng cai kiện Hơn nữa, việc đăng cai vận hội Olympic làm cho danh tiếng thành phố đăng cai tốt hơn, điều dẫn đến thương mại du lịch tăng lên B However: Tuy nhiên C For example: Ví dụ D Otherwise: Nếu khơng Chọn A Question B The Olympics are also an opportunity to invest in projects (5) which improve the city’s quality of life, such as new transportation systems Tạm dịch: Thế vận hội Olympic hội để đầu tư vào dự án giúp cải thiện chất lượng sống thành phố ví dụ hệ thống giao thơng công cộng project (n): dự án => danh từ vật => dùng “which” Chọn B Exercise 16: Question D The warming of the Pacific Ocean has created weather patterns (1) that strongly affect the world Tạm dịch: Sự nóng lên Thái Bình Dương tạo kiểu thời tiết ảnh hưởng mạnh đến giới weather patterns: kiểu thời tiết => danh từ vật => dùng “that” Chọn D Question A Australia could (2) even experience a drought in many parts Tạm dịch: Nước Úc chí bị hạn hán nhiều vùng even + V / N => nhấn mạnh, làm tăng mức độ Chọn A Question D On the other hand, Chile (which borders the Pacific Ocean) is preparing for (3) severe rainstorms Tạm dịch: Mặt khác, Chile (quốc gia giáp với Thái Bình Dương) chuẩn bị cho trận mưa bão nghiêm trọng A cruel (adj): độc ác, tàn bạo B angry (adj): tức giận C strict (adj): nghiêm khắc D severe (adj): nghiêm trọng (= serious) Chọn D Question C El Nino itself used to be (4) predictable Tạm dịch: El Nino dự đốn (khi xảy ra) A incredible (adj): khơng thể tin (= unbelievable) B remarkable (adj): đáng ý, bật C predictable (adj): dự đốn D notable (adj): đáng ý, bật Chọn C Question D Scientists are unsure of the reason for this (5) change on a global scale either Tạm dịch: Các nhà khoa học khơng lí cho thay đổi quy mơ tồn cầu A transfer (v): thuyên chuyển (công tác, tiền) B transformation (n): biến đổi (tính cách, chất) C shift (n): dịch chuyển (về hướng) D change (n): thay đổi Chọn D Exercise 17: Question A If you’ve made up your (1) mind to achieve a certain goal, such as writing a novel, Tạm dịch: Nếu bạn đưa định để cố gắng đạt mục tiêu cụ thể đó, ví dụ viết tiểu thuyết, make up your mind: đưa định Chọn A Question2 A don’t let the negative criticism of others (2) deter you from reaching your target, Tạm dịch: đừng để nhận xét người khác ngăn việc bạn đạt mục tiêu, deter sb from doing sth = prevent sb from doing sth: ngăn cản làm Chọn A Các phương án khác: B save (v): cứu C affect (v): ảnh hưởng D protect (v): bảo vệ Question A and let the constructive criticism have a positive (3) influence on your work Tạm dịch: để nhận xét mang tính chất xây dựng có ảnh hưởng tích cực lên cơng việc bạn have a positive influence on sth: có ảnh hưởng tích cực lên Các phương án khác: B influential (adj): có tầm ảnh hưởng C influent (n): dòng chảy D influentially (adv): cách có ảnh hưởng Chọn A Question C If, (4) however, someone advises you to revise your work and gives you a good reason for doing so, you should consider their suggestions carefully Tạm dịch: Tuy nhiên, có khuyên bạn xem lại việc bạn làm cho bạn lí hợp lí để làm điều đó, bạn cân nhắc gợi ý cách cẩn thận A therefore: => kết B whereas: => so sánh, đối chiếu C however: nhiên => nói khía cạnh vấn đề D moreover: => bổ sung thông tin Chọn C Question5 C There are many famous novelists (5) that made a complete mess of their first novel – or who didn’t, but had to keep on approaching hundreds of publishers before they could get it published Tạm dịch: Có nhiều tiểu thuyết gia tiếng người tạo mớ hỗn độn tiểu thuyết họ - có người khơng vậy, phải tiếp tục tiếp cận hàng trăm nhà xuất trước họ xuất novelists => danh từ người sau chỗ trống có động từ “made” => cần đại từ quan hệ làm chủ ngữ => chọn “that” Các phương án khác: which + V / S + V: thay cho danh từ vật whom + S + V => thay cho danh từ người, làm tân ngữ whose + N: sở hữu Chọn C ... (ĐỀ LUYỆN THI THPT QG – CƠ HỒNG XUÂN – ĐỀ 17) ĐÁP ÁN BÀI TẬP ĐIỀN TỪ Exercise 1: Question A Kiến thức: Mệnh đề quan hệ Giải thích: Giới từ + whom/ which Giới từ + what + S + V Ta dùng mệnh đề. .. vấn đề sách cơng Một giá trị tất tổ chức văn hóa, thư viện cung cấp thông tin dịch vụ cần thiết cho việc học tập tiến Exercise 4: Question A Kiến thức: Mệnh đề danh từ Giải thích: Mệnh đề danh từ. .. Consequently D Although Question 5: A illustrate B extend C feature D possess (ĐỀ LUYỆN THI THPT QG – CÔ HOÀNG XUÂN – ĐỀ 4) Exercise 5: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or
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