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BÀI TẬP ĐỌC HIỂU EXERCISE 1: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions One of the seven wonders of the ancient world, the Great Pyramid of Giza was a monument of wisdom and prophecy built as a tomb for Pharaoh Cheops in 2720 B.C Despite its antiquity, certain aspects of its construction makes it one of the truly wonders of the world The thirteen acre structure near the Nile river is a solid mass of stone blocks covered with limestone Inside are the number of hidden passageways and the burial chamber of the Pharaoh It is the largest single structure in the world The four sides of the pyramid are aligned almost exactly on true north, south, east and west-an incredible engineering feat The ancient Egyptians were sun worshippers and great astronomers, so computations for the Great Pyramid were based on astronomical observations Explorations and detailed examinations of the base of the structure reveal many intersecting lines Further scientific study indicates that these represent a type of timeline of events – past, present and future Many of the events have been interpreted and found to coincide with known facts of the past Others are prophesied for future generations and are currently under investigation Many believe that pyramids have supernatural powers and this one is no exception Some researchers even associate it with extraterrestrial beings of ancient past Was this superstructure made by ordinary beings, or one built by a race far superior to any known today? Question 1: In the second passage, the word “prophesied” is closest in meaning to _ A foretold B terminated C precipitated D affiliated Question 2: On what did the ancient Egyptians base their calculations? A Advanced tools of measurement B Knowledge of the earth’s surface C Advanced technology D Observation of the celestial bodies Question 3: What was the most probable reason for providing so many hidden passageways? A To allow the weight of the pyramid to settle evenly B To permit the high priests to pray at night C To keep grave robbers from finding the tomb and the treasure buried with the Pharaoh D To enable the Pharaoh’s family to bring food for his journey to the afterlife Question 4: The word “feat” in the first paragraph is closet in meaning to _ A accomplishment B festivity C appendage Question 5: What is the best title for the passage? A Problems with the Construction of the Great Pyramid D structure B Exploration of the Burial Chamber of Cheops C Symbolism of the Great Pyramid D Wonders of the Great Pyramid of Giza Question 6: Why is the Great Pyramid of Giza considered one of the seven wonders of the world? A It was built by a super race B It is perfectly aligned with the four cardinal points of the compass and contains many prophecies C It was selected of the tomb of Pharaoh Cheops D It was very old Question 7: What has research of the base revealed? A There are cracks in the foundation B Tomb robbers have stolen the Pharaoh’s body C A superior race of people built in D The lines represent important events ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QUỐC GIA 2019- CÔ QUỲNH TRANG MOON – ĐỀ EXERCISE 2: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions INTERNET JOBS Contrary to popular belief, one does not have to be a trained programmer to work online Of course, there are plenty of jobs available for people with high-tech computer skills, but the growth of new media has opened up a wide range of Internet career opportunities requiring only a minimal level of technical expertise Probably one of the most well-known online job opportunities is the job of Webmaster However, it is hard to define one basic job description for this position The qualifications and responsibilities depend on what tasks a particular organization needs a Webmaster to perform To specify the job description of a Webmaster, one needs to identify the hardware and software the website the Webmaster will manage is running on Different types of hardware and software require different skill sets to manage them Another key factor is whether the website will be running internally or externally (renting shared space on the company servers) Finally, the responsibilities of a webmaster also depend on whether he or she will be working independently, or whether the firm will provide people to help All of these factors need to be considered before one can create an accurate webmaster job description Webmaster is one type of Internet career requiring in-depth knowledge of the latest computer applications However, there are also online jobs available for which traditional skills remain in high demand Content jobs require excellent writing skills and a good sense of the web as a “new media’ The term “new media” is difficult to define because it compasses a constantly growing set of new technologies and skills Specifically, it includes websites, email, internet technology, CD-ROM, DVD, streaming audio and video, interactive multimedia presentations, e-books, digital music, computer illustration, video games, virtual reality, and computer artistry Additionally, many of today’s Internet careers are becoming paid-by-the-job professions With many companies having to downsize in tough economic items, the outsourcing and contracting of freelance workers online has become common business practice The Internet provides an infinite pool of buyers from around the world with whom freelancers can contract their services An added benefit to such online jobs is that freelancers are able to work on projects with companies outside their own country How much can a person make in these kinds of careers? As with many questions related to today’s evolving technology, there is no simple answer There are many companies willing to pay people with Internet skills salaries well over $70,000 a year Generally, webmasters start at about $30,000 per year, but salaries can vary greatly Freelance writers working online have been known to make between $40,000 to $70,000 a year Question 8: Which of the followings is true about the job of the freelance writers? A They may work with others in the company B It is considered a “content” job C They manage hardware and software D They require in-depth knowledge of applications Question 9: The word “vary” in paragraph can be best replaced by _ A decrease B change C differ D increase Question 10: It can be inferred from the passage that _ A only skilled workers make good money B online workers can work full-time online C it is easy to become a webmaster D workers with limited computer skills can not work online Question 11: According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE of webmasters? A They never work independently B The duties they perform depend on the organization they work for C They require a minimal level of expertise D They not support software products Question 12: What is the purpose of the passage? A To inform people about the tasks and the roles of a webmaster B To inform people about employment related to the Internet C To inform people about the computer industry D To explain why webmasters make a lot of money Question 13: According to the passage, all of the followings are TRUE except _ A Webmasters must have knowledge of the latest computer applications B Online workers can not free themselves from the office C “New media” is not easy to define D There are online jobs available for workers with minimal computer skills Question 14: Which of the followings is not mentioned as part of the “new media”? A Internet technology B writing skills C websites D video games Question 15: The word “identify” in paragraph is closest in meaning to _ A name B discover C encounter D estimate ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QUỐC GIA 2019- CÔ QUỲNH TRANG MOON – ĐỀ Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions A large number of inventions require years of arduous research and development before they are perfected For instance, Thomas Edison had to make more than 1,000 attempts to invent the incandescentlight bulb before he finally succeeded History is replete with numerous other examples of people trying, yet failing to make inventions before they eventually succeede d Yet some inventions have come about not through hard work but simply by accident In most cases, when someone unintentionally invented something, the inventor was attempting to create something else For example, in the 1930s, chemist Roy Plunkett was attempting to make a new substance that could be used to refrigerate items He mixed some chemicals together Then, he put them into a pressurized container and cooled the mixture By the time his experiment was completed, he had a new invention It was not a new substance that could be used for refrigeration though Instead, he had invented Teflon, which is today most commonly used to make nonstick pots and pans Similarly, decades earlier, John Pemberton was a pharmacist in Atlanta, Georgia He was attempting to create a tonic that people could use whenever they had headaches While he was not successful in that endeavor, he managed to invent Coca - Cola, the world – famous carbonated soft drink Scientists have also made crucial discoveries by accident when they were conducting experiments In 1928, Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin, an antibiotic, in this manner He discovered some mold growing in a dish with some bacteria He noticed that the bacteria seemed to be avoiding the mold When he investigated further, he determined some of the many useful properties of penicillin, which has saved millions of lives over the past few decades Likewise, in 1946, scientist Percy Spencer was conducting an experiment with microwaves He had a candy bar in his pocket, and he noticed that it suddenly melted He investigated and learned the reason why that had happened Soon afterward, he built a device that could utilize microwaves to heat food: the microwave oven Question 16: Which title best summarizes the main idea of the passage? A History's Most Important Inventions B Accidental Inventions and Discoveries C How to Become a Great Inventor D You Don't Always Get What You Want Question 17: In paragraph 1, the word “arduous” is closest in meaning to _ A detailed B tough C specific D constant Question 18: In paragraph 2, the word “endeavor” is closest in meaning to _ A research B dream C request Question 19: What does the author say about Teflon? A People first used it as a refrigeration device B It was created many years before Coca-Cola C The man who made it was a pharmacist D It is used for kitchenware nowadays Question 20: Who was John Pemberton? A The person who made Teflon B The creator of Coca-Cola C The man who discovered penicillin D The inventor of the microwave Question 21: The author uses Alexander Fleming as an example of _ A one of the most famous inventors in history B a person who made an accidental scientific discovery C someone who became a millionaire from his invention D a man who dedicated his life to medical science Question 22: What does the author imply about penicillin? A Doctors seldom use it nowadays B Some people are not affected by it C It is an invaluable medical supply D Mold combines with bacteria to make it ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QUỐC GIA 2019- CÔ QUỲNH TRANG MOON – ĐỀ D attempt Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions With Robert Laurent and William Zorach, direct carving enters into the story of modern sculpture in the United States Direct carving - in which the sculptors themselves carve stone or wood with mallet and chisel - must be recognized as something more than just a technique Implicit in it is an aesthetic principle as well: that the medium has certain qualities of beauty and expressiveness with which sculptors must bring their own aesthetic sensibilities into harmony For example, sometimes the shape or veining in a piece of stone or wood suggests, perhaps even dictates, not only the ultimate form, but even the subject matter The technique of direct carving was a break with the nineteenth-century tradition in which the making of a clay model was considered the creative act and the work was then turned over to studio assistants to be cast in plaster or bronze or carved in marble Neoclassical sculptors seldom held a mallet or chisel in their own hands, readily conceding that the assistants they employed were far better than they were at carving With the turn-of-the-century Crafts movement and the discovery of nontraditional sources of inspiration, such as wooden African figures and masks, there arose a new urge for hands-on, personal execution of art and an interaction with the medium Even as early as the 1880's and 1890's, nonconformist European artists were attempting direct carving By the second decade of the twentieth century, Americans - Laurent and Zorach most notably - had adopted it as their primary means of working Born in France, Robert Laurent (1890-1970) was a prodigy who received his education in the United States In 1905 he was sent to Paris as an apprentice to an art dealer, and in the years that followed he witnessed the birth of Cubism, discovered primitive art, and learned the techniques of woodcarving from a frame maker Back in New York City by 1910, Laurent began carving pieces such as The Priestess, which reveals his fascination with African, pre-Columbian, and South Pacific art Taking a walnut plank, the sculptor carved the expressive, stylized design It is one of the earliest examples of direct carving in American sculpture The plank's form dictated the rigidly frontal view and the low relief Even its irregular shape must have appealed to Laurent as a break with a long-standing tradition that required a sculptor to work within a perfect rectangle or square Question 23: The word “medium” in paragraph could be used to refer to _ A principle B mallet and chisel C technique Question 24: What is one of the fundamental principles of direct carving? D stone or wood A A sculptor must work with talented assistants B The subject of a sculpture should be derived from classical stories C The material is an important element in a sculpture D Designing a sculpture is a more creative activity than carving it Question 25: The word “dictates” in paragraph is closest in meaning to _ A includes B determines C reads aloud D records Question 26: How does direct carving differ from the nineteenth-century tradition of sculpture? A Sculptors are personally involved in the carving of a piece B Sculptors find their inspiration in neoclassical sources C Sculptors have replaced the mallet and chisel with other tools D Sculptors receive more formal training Question 27: The word “witnessed” in paragraph is closest in meaning to _ A studied B influenced C validated D observed C Africa D New York Question 28: Where did Robert Laurent learn to carve? A The South Pacific B Paris Question 29: The phrase “a break with” in paragraph is closest in meaning to _ A a solution to B a collapse of C a destruction of D a departure from Question 30: The piece titled The Priestess has all of the following characteristics EXCEPT _ A It depicts the front of a person C The design is stylized B The carving is not deep D It is made of marble ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QUỐC GIA 2019- CÔ QUỲNH TRANG MOON – ĐỀ Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions You can usually tell when your friends are happy or angry by the looks on their faces or by their actions This is useful because reading their emotional expressions helps you to know how to respond to them Emotions have evolved to help us respond to important situations and to convey our intentions to others But does raising the eyebrows and rounding the mouth say the same thing in Minneapolis as it does in Madagascar? Much research on emotional expressions has centered on such questions According to Paul Ekman, the leading researcher in this area, people speak and understand substantially the same "facial language" Studies by Ekman's group have demonstrated that humans share a set of universal emotional expressions that testify to the common biological heritage of the human species Smiles, for example, signal happiness and frowns indicate sadness on the faces of people in such far- flung places as Argentina, Japan, Spain, Hungary, Poland , Sumatra ,the United States, Vietnam, the jungles of New Guinea , and the Eskimo villages north of Artic Circle Ekman and his colleagues claim that people everywhere can recognize at least seven basic emotions: sadness, fear, anger, disgust, contempt, happiness, and surprise There are, however, huge differences across cultures in both the context and intensity of emotional displays - the so called display rules In many Asian cultures, for example, children are taught to control emotional responses - especially negative ones- while many American children are encouraged to express their feelings more openly Regardless of culture, however, emotions usually show themselves, to some degree, in people's behavior From their first days of life, babies produce facial expressions that communicate their feelings The ability to read facial expressions develops early, too Very young children pay close attention to facial expressions, and by age five, they nearly equal adults in their skill at reading emotions on people's faces This evidence all points to a biological underpinning for our abilities to express and interpret a basic set of human emotions Moreover, as Charles Darwin pointed out over a century ago, some emotional expressions seem to appear across species boundaries Cross - cultural psychologists tell us that certain emotional responses carry different meanings in different cultures For example, what emotion you suppose might be conveyed by sticking out your tongue? For Americans, this might indicate disgust, while in China it can signify surprise Likewise, a grin on an American face may indicate joy, while on a Japanese face it may just as easily mean embarrassment Clearly, culture influences emotional expressions Question 31: The word “evolved” is closest in meaning to _ A developed B simplified C increased D reduced Question 32: Many studies on emotional expressions try to answer the question whether _ A raising the eyebrows has similar meaning to rounding the mouth B different cultures have similar emotional expressions C rounding the mouth has the same meaning in Minneapolis and Madagascar D eyebrow raising means the same in Minneapolis and Madagascar Question 33: Unlike American children, Asian children are encouraged to _ A change their behaviour B conceal their positive emotions C display their emotions openly D control their emotions Question 34: The biggest difference lies in _ A how intensive emotions are expressed B how often positive emotions are shown C how emotional responses are controlled D how long negative emotions are displayed Question 35: According to the passage, we respond to others by _ A looking at their faces B observing their looks C watching their actions D observing their emotional expressions Question 36: Young children _ A spend a long time learning to read others' emotions B are sensitive towards others' emotions C make amazing progress in controlling their emotions D take time to control their facial expressions Question 37: The best title for the passage is _ A Human habit of displaying emotions B Ways to control emotional expressions C Cultural universals in emotional expressions D Review of research on emotional expressions ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QUỐC GIA 2019- CÔ QUỲNH TRANG MOON – ĐỀ Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions Advertising helps people recognize a particular brand, persuades them to try it, and tries to keep them loyal to it Brand loyalty is perhaps the most important goal of consumer advertising Whether they produce cars, canned foods or cosmetics, manufacturers want their customers to make repeated purchases The quality of the product will encourage this, of course, but so, too, will affect advertising Advertising relies on the techniques of market research to identify potential users of a product Are they homemakers or professional people? Are they young or old? Are they city dwellers or country dwellers? Such questions have a bearing on where and when ads should be placed By studying readership breakdowns for newspapers and magazines as well as television ratings and other statistics, an advertising agency can decide on the best way of reaching potential buyers Detailed research and marketing expertise are essential today when advertising budgets can run into thousands of millions of dollars Advertising is a fast-paced, high-pressure industry There is a constant need for creative ideas that will establish a personality for a product in the public's mind Current developments in advertising increase the need for talented workers In the past, the majority of advertising was aimed at the traditional white family - breadwinner father, non- working mother, and two children Research now reveals that only about percent of American households fit this stereotype Instead, society is fragmented into many groups, with working mothers, single people and older people on the rise To be most successful, advertising must identify a particular segment and aim its message toward that group Advertising is also making use of new technologies Computer graphics are used to grab the attention of consumers and to help them see products in a new light The use of computer graphics in a commercial for canned goods, for instance, gave a new image to the tin can Question 38: What does the passage mainly discuss? A How to develop a successful advertising plan B New techniques and technologies of market research C The central role of advertising in selling products D The history of advertising in the United States Question 39: The word "this" in bold type in paragraph refers to A the quality of the product B effective advertising C repeatedly buying the same brand D the most important goal Question 40: It can be inferred from paragraph that advertisers must A encourage people to try new products B aim their message at homemakers and professional people C know about the people who will buy the product D place several ads in newspapers and magazines Question 41: According to paragraph 2, market research includes A studying television ratings B hiring researchers with backgrounds in many fields C searching for talented workers D determining the price of a product Question 42: The author implies that the advertising industry requires A millions of dollars B a college-educated work force C innovative thinking D government regulation Question 43: According to the passage, most advertising used to be directed at A working mothers with children B two-parent families with children C unmarried people D older adults Question 44: The phrase "in a new light" in bold type in paragraph is closest in meaning to A differently B with the use of color enhancement C more distinctly D in a more energy-efficient way Question 45: Where in the passage does the author give an example of a new development in advertising? A Paragraph B Paragraph C Paragraph ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QUỐC GIA 2019- CÔ QUỲNH TRANG MOON – ĐỀ D Paragraph C At libraries D At learning centres Question 81: What can’t students at most American colleges and universities? A buy anything at campus stores B ask their counselors and tutors for advice C use the computers that are linked to libraries D have tutors and counselors solved their problems Question 82: Which of the following statements is NOT true about schools in American? A They are well-equipped B They have stores on campus C They have no recreation facilities D They offer sports and leisure facilities for students ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QUỐC GIA 2019- CÔ QUỲNH TRANG MOON – ĐỀ Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions Many ants forage across the countryside in large numbers and undertake mass migrations; these activities proceed because one ant lays a trail on the ground for the others to follow As a worker ant returns home after finding a source of food, it marks the route by intermittently touching its stinger to the ground and depositing a tiny amount of trail pheromone – a mixture of chemicals that delivers diverse messages as the context changes These trails incorporate no directional information and may be followed by other ants in either direction Unlike some other messages, such as the one arising from a dead ant, a food trail has to be kept secret from members of other species It is not surprising then that ant species use a wide variety of compounds as trail pheromones Ants can be extremely sensitive to these signals Investigators working with the trail pheromone of the leafcutter ant Atta texana calculated that one milligram of this substance would suffice to lead a column of ants three times around Earth The vapor of the evaporating pheromone over the trail guides an ant along the way, and the ant detects this signal with receptors in its antennae A trail pheromone will evaporate to furnish the highest concentration of vapor right over the trail, in what is called a vapor space In following the trail, the ant moves to the right and left, oscillating from side to side across the line of the trail itself, bringing first one and then the other antenna into the vapor space As the ant moves to the right, its left antenna arrives in the vapor space The signal it receives causes it to swing to the left, and the ant then pursues this new course until its right antenna reaches the vapor space It then swings back to the right, and so weaves back and forth down the trail Question 83: What does the passage mainly discuss? A The mass migration of ants B How ants mark and follow a chemical trail C Different species of ants around the world D The information contained in pheromones Question 84: The word “intermittently” is closest in meaning to _ A periodically B incorrectly C rapidly D roughly Question 85: The phrase “the one” refers to a single _ A message B dead ant C food trail D species Question 86: According to the passage, why ants use different compounds as trail pheromones? A To reduce their sensitivity to some chemicals B To attract different types of ants C To protect their trail from other species D To indicate how far away the food is Question 87: The author mentions the trail pheromone of the leafcutter ant in line to point out _ A how little pheromone is needed to mark a trail B the different types of pheromones ants can produce C a type of ant that is common in many parts of the world D that certain ants can produce up to one milligram of pheromone Question 88: According to the passage, how are ants guided by trail pheromones? A They concentrate on the smell of food B They follow an ant who is familiar with the trail C They avoid the vapor spaces by moving in a straight line D They sense the vapor through their antennae Question 89: The word “oscillating” is closest in meaning to _ A falling B depositing C swinging D starting Question 90: According to the passage, the highest amount of pheromone vapor is found _ A in the receptors of the ants B just above the trail C in the source of food D under the soil along the trail ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QUỐC GIA 2019- CÔ QUỲNH TRANG MOON – ĐỀ ĐÁP ÁN BÀI TẬP ĐỌC HIỂU 1: A Đề: Trong đoạn thứ hai, từ “prophesied” gần nghĩa với _ Prophesy (v): tiên đoán, tiên tri ~ foretell (v): đốn trước, nói trước 2: D Đề: Người Ai Cập cổ đại dựa vào cho việc tính tốn họ? Thông tin “…The ancient Egyptians were sun worshippers and great astronomers, so computations for the Great Pyramid were based on astronomical observations…” → chọn D (việc quan sát vật thể) 3: C Đề: Lý xảy việc cung cấp nhiều lối ẩn gì? Dựa vào câu “…Inside are the number of hidden passageways and the burial chamber of the Pharaoh…” → lý xảy để tránh bọn trộm tìm thấy ngơi mộ kho báu chôn cất với Pharaoh → chọn C 4: A Đề: Từ “feat” đoạn văn thứ gần nghĩa với _ Feat (n): chiến công, kỳ công ~ accomplishment (n): thành tựu, thành tích 5: D Đề: Tiêu đề phù hợp cho đoạn văn gì? Dựa vào câu mở đầu “One of the seven wonders of the ancient world, the Great Pyramid of Giza was a monument of wisdom and prophecy built as a tomb for Pharaoh Cheops in 2720 B.C” tồn thơng tin đoạn văn → chọn D 6: B Đề: Tại Kim tự tháp Giza lại xem bảy kỳ quan giới? Dựa vào đoạn văn “…Despite its antiquity, certain aspects of its construction makes it one of the truly wonders of the world The thirteen acre structure near the Nile river is a solid mass of stone blocks covered with limestone Inside are the number of hidden passageways and the burial chamber of the Pharaoh It is the largest single structure in the world The four sides of the pyramid are aligned almost exactly on true north, south, east and west-an incredible engineering feat…”; “…Further scientific study indicates that these represent a type of timeline of events – past, present and future Many of the events have been interpreted and found to coincide with known facts of the past Others are prophesied for future generations and are currently under investigation…” → chọn B 7: D Đề: Nghiên cứu móng tiết lộ điều gì? Dựa vào đoạn “…Explorations and detailed examinations of the base of the structure reveal many intersecting lines Further scientific study indicates that these represent a type of timeline of events – past, present and future Many of the events have been interpreted and found to coincide with known facts of the past Others are prophesied for future generations and are currently under investigation…” → chọn D 8: B Đề: Điều sau công việc nhà văn tự do? Dựa vào thông tin “…However, there are also online jobs available for which traditional skills remain in high demand Content jobs require excellent writing skills and a good sense of the web as a “new media’…” → chọn B 9: C Đề: Từ “vary” đoạn thay phù hợp từ _ Vary (v): thay đổi, biến đổi; khác ~ differ (v): khác, khơng giống 10: B Đề: Có thể suy từ đoạn văn _ Dựa vào đoạn “…With many companies having to downsize in tough economic items, the outsourcing and contracting of freelance workers online has become common business practice The Internet provides an infinite pool of buyers from around the world with whom freelancers can contract their services An added benefit to such online jobs is that freelancers are able to work on projects with companies outside their own country…” → cơng việc online làm nhà, khoảng cách địa lý → ngầm hiểu cơng nhân làm việc trực tuyến làm việc trực tuyến toàn thời gian → chọn B 11: C Đề: Theo đoạn văn, điều sau ĐÚNG quản trị viên web? Dựa vào đoạn “…Of course, there are plenty of jobs available for people with high-tech computer skills, but the growth of new media has opened up a wide range of Internet career opportunities requiring only a minimal level of technical expertise Probably one of the most well-known online job opportunities is the job of Webmaster…” → chọn C 12: B Đề: Mục đích đoạn văn gì? Dựa vào tiêu đề đoạn văn “Internet Jobs” thông tin → đoạn văn nhằm mục đích thơng tin đến người nghề nghiệp mà liên quan đến mạng internet → chọn B 13: B Đề: Theo đoạn văn, tất thứ sau ĐÚNG trừ _ Thông tin “…An added benefit to such online jobs is that freelancers are able to work on projects with companies outside their own country…” → đáp án B sai thông tin → chọn B 14: B Đề: Thứ sau không đề cập phần “phương tiện truyền thông mới”? Dựa vào đoạn “…The term “new media” is difficult to define because it compasses a constantly growing set of new technologies and skills Specifically, it includes websites, email, internet technology, CDROM, DVD, streaming audio and video, interactive multimedia presentations, ebooks, digital music, computer illustration, video games, virtual reality, and computer artistry…” → đáp án A, C, D đề cập đến → chọn B 15: A Đề: Từ “identify” đoạn gần nghĩa với _ Identify (v): nhận dạng, nhận biết ~ name (v): đặt tên; định rõ 16: B Đề: Tiêu đề tóm tắt ý đoạn văn? Dựa vào đoạn “A large number of inventions require years of arduous research and development before they are perfected… Yet some inventions have come about not through hard work but simply by accident…” Tác giả đưa ý kiến, quan điểm mà người hiểu, mục đích để làm bật lên ý tác giá muốn nói phía sau, trường hợp ngoại lệ (dựa vào từ “Yet”) → nội dung thể câu “Yet some inventions…by accident” → chọn B 17: B Đề: Trong đoạn 1, từ “arduous” gần nghĩa với _ Arduous (adj): gian khổ, khó khăn ~ tough (adj): khó khăn, ga go 18: D Đề: Trong đoạn 2, từ “endeavor” gần nghĩa với _ Endeavor (n): nỗ lực, cố gắng ~ attempt (n): nỗ lực 19: D Đề: Tác giả nói Teflon? Dựa vào câu “…It was not a new substance that could be used for refrigeration though Instead, he had invented Teflon, which is today most commonly used to make nonstick pots and pans…” → chọn D 20: B Đề: John Pemberton ai? Dựa vào thông tin “…John Pemberton was a pharmacist in Atlanta, Georgia He was attempting to create a tonic that people could use whenever they had headaches While he was not successful in that endeavor, he managed to invent Coca - Cola, the world – famous carbonated soft drink…” → John Pemberton người chế tạo Coca – Cola → chọn B 21: B Đề: Tác giả sử dụng Alexander Fleming ví dụ _ Thông tin “…Scientists have also made crucial discoveries by accident when they were conducting experiments In 1928, Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin, an antibiotic, in this manner…” → Alexander Fleming người tình cờ có phát khoa học quan trọng penicillin → chọn B 22: C Đề: Tác giả ngụ ý penicillin? Dựa vào câu “…When he investigated further, he determined some of the many useful properties of penicillin, which has saved millions of lives over the past few decades…” → phát penicillin giúp cứu mạng sống hàng triệu người → penicillin nguồn cung cấp y tế vô giá → chọn C 23: D Đề: Từ “medium” đoạn sử dụng để đề cập đến _ Dựa vào đoạn “…Direct carving - in which the sculptors themselves carve stone or wood with mallet and chisel - must be recognized as something more than just a technique Implicit in it is an aesthetic principle as well: that the medium has certain qualities of beauty and expressiveness with which sculptors must bring their own aesthetic sensibilities into harmony…” → Từ “medium” (chất) muốn đề cập đến “carve or wood” – chất liệu đẹp tính diễn cảm định, mà nhà điêu khắc phải mang tri giác thẩm mỹ riêng cho kết hợp hài hòa 24: C Đề: Một nguyên tắc điêu khắc trực tiếp gì? Dựa vào đoạn “…Implicit in it is an aesthetic principle as well: that the medium has certain qualities of beauty and expressiveness with which sculptors must bring their own aesthetic sensibilities into harmony For example, sometimes the shape or veining in a piece of stone or wood suggests, perhaps even dictates, not only the ultimate form, but even the subject matter…” → thấy nguyên liệu nhân tố quan trọng điêu khắc gợi ý, chí định, khơng hình dạng cuối mà chủ đề → chọn C 25: B Đề: Từ “dictates” đoạn gần nghĩa với _ Dictate (v): định, lệnh ~ determine (v): xác định, định 26: A Đề: Cách khắc trực tiếp khác với điêu khắc truyền thống kỷ 19 nào? Dựa vào đoạn “…The technique of direct carving was a break with the nineteenth-century tradition in which the making of a clay model was considered the creative act and the work was then turned over to studio assistants to be cast in plaster or bronze or carved in marble Neoclassical sculptors seldom held a mallet or chisel in their own hands, readily conceding that the assistants they employed were far better than they were at carving…” → điểu khắc truyền thống cơng việc tạo nên hình mẫu đất xét coi công việc sáng tác cơng việc chuyển sang cho trợ lý Nhà điêu khắc cầm vồ đục tay để điêu khắc → chọn A 27: D Đề: Từ “witnessed” đoạn gần nghĩa với _ Witness (v): chứng kiến ~ observe (v): quan sát, theo dõi 28: B Đề: Robert Laurent học cách điêu khắc đâu? Thông tin “…In 1905 he was sent to Paris as an apprentice to an art dealer, and in the years that followed he witnessed the birth of Cubism, discovered primitive art, and learned the techniques of woodcarving from a frame maker…” 29: D Đề: Cụm từ “a break with” đoạn gần nghĩa với _ A break with: bước đột phá, đổi ~ a departure from: khỏi hành, đổi hướng 30: D Đề: Tác phẩm có tên The Priestess có tất đặc điểm sau NGOẠI TRỪ _ Thông tin “…Laurent began carving pieces such as The Priestess, which reveals his fascination with African, pre-Columbian, and South Pacific art Taking a walnut plank, the sculptor carved the expressive, stylized design… The plank's form dictated the rigidly frontal view and the low relief…” → đáp án A, B, C đề cập đến → chọn D 31: A Đề: Từ “evolved” đọc gần nghĩa với _ Evolve (v): phát triển ~ develop (v): phát triển Simplify (v): đơn giản hóa Increase (v): tăng Reduce (v): giảm 32: B Đề: Nhiều nghiên cứu thể cảm xúc cố gắng trả lời câu hỏi liệu _ Thông tin: “…But does raising the eyebrows and rounding the mouth say the same thing in Minneapolis as it does in Madagascar? Much research on emotional expressions has centered on such questions…” → chọn B (văn hóa khác thể cảm xúc khác hay không) 33: D Đề: Không giống trẻ em Mỹ, trẻ em Châu Á khuyến khích _ Dựa vào “…In many Asian cultures, for example, children are taught to control emotional responses especially negative ones- while many American children are encouraged to express their feelings more openly…” → chọn D (kiểm soát cảm xúc) 34: A Đề: Sự khác lớn giao thoa văn hóa nằm chỗ _ Dựa vào “…There are, however, huge differences across cultures in both the context and intensity of emotional displays - the so called display rules…” → chọn A (cảm xúc thể mức độ nào) 35: D Đề: Theo đọc, phản ứng lại người khác cách _ Thông tin “…This is useful because reading their emotional expressions helps you to know how to respond to them…” → chọn D (quan sát thể cảm xúc họ) 36: B Đề: Trẻ nhỏ _ Thông tin “…Very young children pay close attention to facial expressions, and by age five, they nearly equal adults in their skill at reading emotions on people's faces…” → chọn B (nhạy cảm với cảm xúc người khác) 37: C Đề: Tiêu đề phù hợp cho đọc _ Dựa vào nội dung đọc → chọn C (Văn hóa giới việc thể cảm xúc) 38: C Đề: Đoạn văn chủ yếu bàn về? Dựa vào câu chủ đề “Advertising helps people recognize a particular brand, persuades them to try it, and tries to keep them loyal to it” nội dung → C đáp án đầy đủ (Vai trò trung tâm quảng cáo việc bán sản phẩm) 39: C Đề: Từ “this” bôi đen đoạn đề cập tới tới Dựa vào “…Whether they produce cars, canned foods or cosmetics, manufacturers want their customers to make repeated purchases The quality of the product will encourage this, of course, but so, too, will affect advertising…” → “this” muốn đề cập đến việc tiếp tục mua hàng nhãn hiệu → chọn C 40: C Đề: Có thể suy từ đoạn quảng cáo phải Thông tin “…Advertising relies on the techniques of market research to identify potential users of a product Are they homemakers or professional people? Are they young or old? Are they city dwellers or country dwellers…” → Chọn C (biết người mua sản phẩm) 41: A Đề: Theo đoạn 2, nghiên cứu thị trường bao gồm Thông tin “…By studying readership breakdowns for newspapers and magazines as well as television ratings and other statistics, an advertising agency can decide on the best way of reaching potential buyers…” → chọn A (nghiên cứu xếp hạng truyền hình) 42: C Đề: Tác giả ngụ ý ngành cơng nghiệp quảng cáo đòi hỏi Thông tin “Advertising is a fast-paced, high-pressure industry There is a constant need for creative ideas that will establish a personality for a product in the public's mind” → chọn C (tư sáng tạo) 43: B Đề: Theo đoạn văn, hầu hết quảng cáo nhắm tới Thông tin “…In the past, the majority of advertising was aimed at the traditional white family breadwinner father, non- working mother, and two children…” → chọn B (gia đình gồm cha mẹ cái) 44: A Đề: Cụm từ “in a new light” in đậm đoạn gần nghĩa với Thành ngữ: (to) see sb/sth in a new light ~ to understand someone or something in a different way Dựa vào “…Computer graphics are used to grab the attention of consumers and to help them see products in a new light…” → chọn A 15: C Đề: Ở đâu đoạn văn tác giả đưa ví dụ phát triển quảng cáo? Tạm dịch đoạn 5: “Advertising is also making use of new technologies Computer graphics are used to grab the attention of consumers and to help them see products in a new light The use of computer graphics in a commercial for canned goods, for instance, gave a new image to the tin can” → chọn C 46: C Đề: Ý gì? Dựa vào câu “But fewer people know much about King’s childhood M.L…” nội dung có đề cập xoay quanh nhiều đến “childhood” → chọn C (thời thơ ấu Martin Luther King) 47: B Đề: M.L sinh nào? Thông tin “M.L., as he was called, was born in 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia, at the home of his maternal grandfather” → chọn B 48: D Đề: Martin Luther King tiếng gì? Thơng tin “Martin Luther King, Jf., is well- known for his work in civil rights and for his many famous speeches…” → chọn D (sự nỗ lực ông quyền công dân) 49: D Đề: Theo tác giả, M.L _ Thông tin “He was the second of three children, and he attended all black schools in a black neighborhood The neighborhood was not poor, however…” → chọn D 50: B Đề: Khẳng định sau KHÔNG đúng? Thông tin “…M.L.’s grandfather purchased their home on Auburn Avenue in 1909, twenty years before M.L was born…” → đáp án B sai thông tin → chọn B 51: B Đề: Từ đoạn văn suy luận _ Thông tin “…His grandfather allowed the house to be used as a meeting place for a number of organizations dedicated to the education and social advancement of blacks…” → chọn B (người ta tập trung nhà M.L để thực nghi lễ tôn giáo) 52: C Đề: M.L _ bầu khơng khí ơng lớn lên Thông tin “…M.L grew up in the atmosphere, with his home being used as a community gathering place, and was no doubt influenced by it…” → chọn C 53: D Đề: Chúng ta thừa nhận điều KHƠNG Trung Địa? Thơng tin “…Established before humans populated the Earth, Middle Earth was inhabited by good and evil creatures such as hobbits, elves, monsters, wizards, and some humans ” → đáp án D sai (Con người thống trị Trung Địa) → chọn D 54: A Dịch: Từ “scruntinized” đoạn thay _ Scrutinize (v): xem xét kĩ lưỡng, nghiên cứu cẩn thận ~ examine (v): kiểm tra, nghiên cứu 55: C Đề: Đoạn văn chủ yếu thảo luận gì? Dựa vào câu mở đầu “One of the most interesting authors of the twentieth century, J.R.R Tolkien, achieved fame through his highly inventive trilogy The Lord of the Rings” thông tin đề cập đến đoạn văn → chọn C 56: A Đề: Theo đoạn văn, tác phẩm Chúa nhẫn trở nên tiếng với người trẻ tuổi? Thông tin “…By the late 1960s, this fascinating trilogy had become a sociological phenomenon as young people intently studied the mythology and legends created by Tolkien…” → chọn A 57: A Đề: Khi Tolkien bắt tay vào viết tác phẩm này? Thông tin “He claims that the story began in his years as an undergraduate student and grew out of his desire to create mythology and legends about elves and their language…” → chọn A 58: C Đề: Từ "trilogy" đoạn đầu có nghĩa gì? Trilogy (n): ba tác phẩm → chọn C (Một sách văn học) 59 D Đề: Đâu bối cảnh tác phẩm Tolkien? Thông tin “…The novels, which are set in a time called Middle Earth… ” → chọn D 60: B Đề: Từ “fascinating” đoạn thay _ Fascinating (adj): hấp dẫn, lôi ~ extremely interesting: thú vị 61: Đáp án C Đề: Đoạn văn chủ yếu bàn điều gì? Dựa vào thơng tin nêu tồn đọc => đáp án C đầy đủ (Sự thật rừng mưa) 62: Đáp án D Đề: Theo đoạn văn, rừng nhiệt đới cung cấp cho người thứ NGOẠI TRỪ? Thông tin “…In fact, the Amazon Rainforest is called the "lungs of our planet" because it produces twenty percent of the world's oxygen…”; “…Twenty-five percent of the drugs we take when we are sick are made of plants that grow only in rainforests Some of these drugs are even used to fight and cure cancer…”; “…One fifth of the world's fresh water is also found in the Amazon Rainforest…” => đáp án A, B, C đề cập đến => chọn D 63: Đáp án A Đề: Tại rừng nhiệt đới Amazon lại gọi “Lá phổi xanh hành tinh”? Thông tin “…In fact, the Amazon Rainforest is called the "lungs of our planet" because it produces twenty percent of the world's oxygen…” => chọn A (Nó cung cấp cho nhiều ơ-xi) 64: Đáp án C Đề: Bạn tìm thấy khu rừng nhiệt đới lớn giới đâu? Thông tin “…The largest rainforest in the world is the Amazon in South America ” => chọn C 65: Đáp án B Đề: Từ “humid” đoạn gần nghĩa với _ Humid (adj): ẩm ướt ~ moist (adj): ẩm ướt 66: Đáp án D Đề: Từ “harvest” đoạn gần nghĩa với _ Harvest (v): thu hoạch ~ gather (v): tập hợp, hái lượm 67: Đáp án D Đề: Đâu lí mà nhà văn ngạc nhiên hủy hoại rừng nhiệt đới? Dựa vào “…With all the good things we get from rainforests, it's surprising to find that we are destroying our rainforests…”; “…Along with losing countless valuable species, the destruction of rainforests creates many problems worldwide Destruction of rainforests results in more pollution, less rain, and less oxygen for the world ” => chọn D (Rừng nhiệt đới cần cho sức khỏe hành tinh) 68: Đáp án B Đề: Đoạn văn ủng hộ ý sau đây? Thông tin “…However, tsunamis are the direct result of earthquakes and cannot happen without them…” => chọn B (Sóng thần xảy song song với động đất) 69: Đáp án C Đề: Từ “it” đoạn ám đến _ Thông tin “…The crust is the outer layer of the Earth It is not a single piece of land Instead, it is comprised of a number of plates…” => chọn C 70: Đáp án A Đề: Bài đọc chủ yếu nói về? Dựa vào thơng tin tồn bài=> chọn A (Động đất sóng thần xảy nào.” 71: Đáp án A Đề: Từ “adjoining” in đậm đoạn gần nghĩa với _ Adjoin (v): nối liền, tiếp giáp ~ border (v): tiếp, giáp với 72: Đáp án B Đề: Từ “perceive” in đậm đoạn gần nghĩa với _ Percieve (v): nhận thức, nhận ~ detect (v): phát hiện, nhận thấy 73: Đáp án A Đề: Câu sau vỏ trái đất? Thông tin “…Instead, it is comprised of a number of plates There are a few enormous plates and many smaller ones…” => chọn A (Có nhiều mảng riêng biệt tạo nên nó) 74: Đáp án D Đề: Theo đọc đáp án có lẽ nói sóng thần? Thơng tin “…As it does that, it can flood the land, destroy human settlements, and kill large numbers of people…” => chọn D 75: Đáp án C Đề: Ý sau KHƠNG đề cập đoạn nói động đất? Thông tin “…Tens of thousands of earthquakes happen every year…”; “…More powerful earthquakes, however, can cause buildings, bridges, and other structures to collapse They may additionally injure and skill thousands of people and might even cause the land to change it appearance…” => đáp án A, B, D đề cập  chọn C 76: C Đề: Đâu ý đoạn văn đầu tiên? Dựa vào câu chủ đề đoạn “Instructors at American colleges and universities use many different teaching methods” → chọn C (Những cách giảng dạy) 77: B Đề: Nơi sinh viên gọi giảng viên họ “Giáo sư Smith”, “Cô Jones”? Thông tin “…The atmosphere in some classrooms is very formal Students call their instructors “Professor Smith,” “Mrs Jones,” and so on…” → chọn B 78: D Đề: Câu sau ĐÚNG? Thông tin “…Instructors dress informally, and students call them by their first names…” → chọn D 79: D Đề: Cụm từ “business clothes” đoạn có nghĩa là? Business clothes ~ formal clothes: trang phục trang trọng 80: A Đề: Học sinh giáo viên thảo luận ý tưởng họ đâu? Dựa vào “…Other classrooms have an informal atmosphere Students and teachers discuss their ideas…” → chọn A 81: D Đề: Sinh viên làm điều hầu hết trường cao đẳng đại học Mĩ? Thông tin “…Students can often use type-writers, tape recorders, video machines, and computers at libraries and learning centres They can buy books, notebooks, and other things at campus stores They can get advice on their problems from counselors and individual help with their classes from tutors…” → đáp án A, B, C đề cập đến → chọn D 82: C Đề: Điều KHÔNG trường học Mĩ? Thông tin “…At most American colleges and universities, facilities for learning and recreation are available to students…” → chọn C 83: B Đề: Đoạn văn chủ yếu thảo luận điều gì? Dựa vào câu chủ đề “Many ants forage across the countryside in large numbers and undertake mass migrations; these activities proceed because one ant lays a trail on the ground for the others to follow” thông tin đề cập đến toàn đoạn văn → chọn B (Cách loài kiến đánh dấu theo dấu vết hóa học) 84: A Đề: Từ “intermittently” có ý nghĩa gần với _ Intermittently (adv): lại ngừng, lúc có lúc khơng ~ periodically (adv): định kỳ, thường kỳ 85: A Đề: Cụm từ "the one" đề cập đến _ Thông tin “…Unlike some other messages, such as the one arising from a dead ant, a food trail has to be kept secret from members of other species…” → chọn A 86: C Đề: Theo đoạn văn này, kiến lại sử dụng hợp chất khác dấu vết pheromones? Thông tin: “…Unlike some other messages, such as the one arising from a dead ant, a food trail has to be kept secret from members of other species…” → Chọn C (để bảo vệ dấu vết chúng khỏi loài khác) 87: A Đề: Tác giả đề cập đến dấu vết pheromone kiến cắn dòng để _ Thông tin “…Investigators working with the trail pheromone of the leafcutter ant Atta texana calculated that one milligram of this substance would suffice to lead a column of ants three times around Earth…” → chọn A (cần Pheromone để đánh dấu dấu vết) 88: D Đề: Theo đoạn văn, kiến hướng dẫn pheromone nào? Thông tin “…The vapor of the evaporating pheromone over the trail guides an ant along the way, and the ant detects this signal with receptors in its antennae…” → chọn D 89: C Đề: Từ “oscillating” có ý nghĩa gần với _ Oscillate (v): lung lay, đu đưa; dao động ~ swing (v): đung đưa, dao động, rẽ ngoặt 90: B Đề: Theo đoạn văn, lượng pheromone cao tìm thấy _ Thông tin “…A trail pheromone will evaporate to furnish the highest concentration of vapor right over the trail…” → chọn B ... of food D under the soil along the trail ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QUỐC GIA 2019- CÔ QUỲNH TRANG MOON – ĐỀ ĐÁP ÁN BÀI TẬP ĐỌC HIỂU 1: A Đề: Trong đoạn thứ hai, từ “prophesied” gần nghĩa với _ Prophesy... is closest in meaning to _ A name B discover C encounter D estimate ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QUỐC GIA 2019- CÔ QUỲNH TRANG MOON – ĐỀ Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your... an invaluable medical supply D Mold combines with bacteria to make it ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QUỐC GIA 2019- CÔ QUỲNH TRANG MOON – ĐỀ D attempt Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C,
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