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VIETNAM ACADEMY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES GRADUATE ACADEMY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES NGUYEN HUY CANH AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT IN HAI DUONG PROVINCE IN THE CONTEXT OF INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC INTEGRATION Major: Development Economics Code: 9.31.01.05 ECONOMICS PHD THESIS HANOI - 2019 The Works is completed at: GRADUATE ACADEMY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES SCIENCE INSTRUCTORS: PhD Le Anh Vu PhD Chu Van Lam PGS TS Chu Đức Dũng S Trần Thị Nam Trân Reviewer 1: Prof PhD Nguyen Ke Tuan Reviewer 2: Assoc Prof PhD Ngo Tuan Nghia Reviewer 3: Assoc Prof PhD Nguyen Van Nam The Thesis will be defensed in front of the PhD thesis council held at Graduate Academy of Social Sciences at … on …/…/201… The thesis can be found at: - The National Library - Graduate Academy of Social Sciences Library INTRODUCTION The urgency of the topic Hai Duong is a province in the Red River Delta region, a tropical monsoon region with topography divided into two distinct regions (hilly and mountainous as well as delta areas), this is a condition with full input elements for many economic sectors, especially agriculture such as good land, abundant water resources Agriculture is a major industry and plays an important role in the socio-economic development of the Province, which is a province with favorable conditions and a qualified level of intensive agricultural production However, in the context of more and more deepening international economic integration, the 4th industrial revolution, climate change , Hai Duong agricultura is facting big difficulties, challenges: increasing competition pressure in domestic market; agricultural growth mainly based on mass use of natural resources, which causes negative impacts on the environment, causing more polution and deteriorating the natural resources; there are a loto f obstacles in attraction of businesses into agriculture, with less investment of big and FDI enterprises into the agricultural production; the qualification of households, farm owners remains low, the science and technology in agricultura lack, and are out of date The average land cultivation area per capita is low and on decreasing trend; the agricultural production scale is small, smashed; the obsolete production, preservation and processing technologies; productivity, quality and competitiveness of agricultural products are low; linkage for agricultural development is very faint and loose; supporting services and infrastructure not keep up with the development needs of agriculture; processing industry develops slowly; types of land markets, labor markets, capital markets and technology markets are not synchronized and have not operated smoothly Therefore, there is a need for innovation in agricultural growth orientation and model, to meet the requirements of international economic integration, efficiency and sustainable development Facing the requirement of deeper and deeper integration into the world and regional economies with many opportunities and challenges, Hai Duong is stepping up the restructuring of the agricultural sector, focusing on best exploiting the potentials and advantages, promoting the application of science and technology to production, reducing losses in production and post-harvest; land management innovation; reorganizing agricultural production in association with the development of processing industry and product consumption; expanding markets for environmentally friendly products and services; However, the growth rate of agriculture is still low, lacks competitiveness in the market These are the reasons for the researcher to choose the topic "Agricultural development in Hai Duong province in the context of international economic integration" as the thesis research topic Research goals and tasks 2.1 Research goals - General goal The research aims to establish theoretical basis, practical basis and solutions to agricultural development in Hai Duong province in the context of international economic integration - Specific goals + Clarifying the theoretical basis and practical experience of agricultural development in the context of international economic integration + Clarifying the status of agricultural development in the context of international economic integration, factors affecting agricultural development in the context of international economic integration in Hai Duong + Proposing major solutions to agricultural development in the context of international economic integration in Hai Duong in the following years 2.2 Research tasks To achieve these above goals, the thesis addresses the following tasks: - To systematize the theoretical basis and practical experience of agricultural development in association with international economic integration - To analyze and assess the current situation of agricultural development in Hai Duong province in the past in association with the context of international economic integration, pointing out successes, limitations, difficulties and challenges and problems set for the agricultural sector in Hai Duong province - To propose solutions for agricultural development in Hai Duong province in the context of international economic integration to 2025, vision to 2030 Research object The object of the research is agricultural development in Hai Duong province in the context of international economic integration Research scope * Content scope The research on agricultural development is a very broad and complex topic, the thesis is limited to research the development of cultivation and animal husbandry in association with international economic integration; The issue of selecting the appropriate development path of Hai Duong agriculture in the new context is a priority issue in the thesis analysis * Spatial scope The thesis will conduct a research on the status of agricultural development in Hai Duong province * Time scope The thesis will study the status of agricultural development in Hai Duong province in the period from 2011 to 2016; propose agricultural development solutions to 2025, vision to 2030 Research methodology (i) Collecting secondary documents and information: Type of information: Theoretical basis, practical basis for agricultural development; Natural, socio-economic characteristics of Hai Duong province; Agricultural development situation of districts in the province and study sites - Supply sources: The recent related research results are conducted by research centers, agencies and organizations (reports, proceedings, scientific research topics, theses, projects) Reports, statistical yearbooks, plans, resolutions, policies of localities, documents, economic statistics, a number of relevant analytical tables, available documents at central and local agencies; via the internet, radio and magazines to serve as a basis for analyzing the contents of agricultural development in the context of international economic integration in Hai Duong over the past time - How to collect: Contacting individuals, agencies, units and locations to provide information Checking the authenticity of information is done by direct observation, selection, arrangement and recording of information (ii) SWOT analysis method: Analyzing and assessing the situation of cultivation and animal husbandry on the following aspects: positive points; Limitations; opportunity; challenges from which agricultural development solutions are proposed in Hai Duong province in the context of international economic integration (iii) Synthesis, statistics, comparision: Using the criteria to analyze and assess the current situation of cultivation and animal husbandry development over research timelines Comparison between production organization models, products, technology, labor, market is done to make assessments and conclusions (iv) Prediction and interpolation method: Based on the analysis of investigative documents, socio-economic changes; conditions for agricultural development and factors affecting agriculture to make predictions about the development of Hai Duong agriculture in the future In addition, when conducting research, the thesis inherits previous research results so far, published sources of information, materials, as well as summarized reports of related departments and sectors (v) Investigation and survey method - Preparing survey sheets based on the objectives of the thesis - Surveying typical areas of Hai Duong province such as Binh Giang, Thanh Ha, Thanh Mien, The thesis carried out the survey by issuing 250 sheets and after edited and processed by Excel software, calculated by SPSS.20, as many as 121 sheets are obtained in line with the purpose of collecting and synthesizing opinions from the surveys among enterprises, management agencies and farmers' households After that SPSS.20 software is used to analyze and synthesize tables and research indicators in accordance with the objectives and contents of the thesis The thesis contributions - Building, supplementing and clarifying the system of theoretical and practical bases on agricultural development based on an overview of research works - Determining the system of criteria groups for evaluating agricultural development in the context of international economic integration - Evaluating and synthesizing factors affecting agricultural development in Hai Duong province, pointing out advantages and difficulties in the process of agricultural development in the context of international economic integration - Analyzing the status of agricultural development in Hai Duong province in the period of 2011 - 2016 - The thesis proposes a number of specific solutions to help accelerating the agricultural development process in Hai Duong province in a more effective way in the context of deeper and deeper international economic integration The thesis structure In addition to the Introduction, conclusions, references and appendices, the content of the thesis is structured into chapters: Chapter 1: Overview of research projects related to the thesis topic Chapter 2: Theoretical basis and domestic experience on agricultural development in the process of international economic integration Chapter 3: Current situation of agricultural development in Hai Duong province in the context of international economic integration in the period of 2011 - 2016 Chapter 4: Perspectives, objectives and some solutions for agricultural development in Hai Duong province in the context of international economic integration in the period 2020 - 2025, with a vision to 2030 CHAPTER OVERVIEW OF RESEARCH PROJECTS RELATED TO THE THESIS TOPIC 1.1 International research works - Studies on roles, stages and types of economic development and agricultural development - Studies on agricultural economic structure, agricultural economics restructuring and agricultural development experience 1.2 Domestic research works - Group of works related to agricultural and rural development - Group of works related to agricultural development associated with international economic integration - Group of works related to agricultural development in Hai Duong 1.3 Issues that need to be addressed In the process of reviewing domestic and international research works on agricultural development, some issues can be found: - About international research projects Studies have examined developing countries' agriculture in the process of shifting to agricultural commodity production associated with world agricultural trade; This shows that the economic development of a country must start from the development and restructuring of agriculture and be driven by market demand; agricultural transition involves diversification in the agricultural sector to meet domestic and international market needs; making arguments about the impact of policy to determine the development direction of agricultural and rural economy; addressing issues of regional development policies, policies to support inputs and outputs for agricultural production, agricultural trade policies; At the same time, success and failure patterns in agricultural and rural development are raised and farmers' problems are solved These studies have reference value for building a modern agricultura in short-term improve quality and develop products with advantages, enhance brand awareness; and in the long term, it is moved forward to quality products and high productivity to ensure national food security and sustainable development - About domestic research projects The studies are focused on Vietnamese territories, with little correlation and assessment with the region and the world, leading to limited analysis and conclusions about agriculture This is a suggestion for the thesis to approach the current picture of agricultural development and conditions for developing agriculture in the context of international economic integration in the following years A number of Works that have summarized the theory and practice of models on cooperation production linkages, and value chains in agriculture provide valuable data for the author in the research, determining how to organize agricultural production to raise the added value regained in agricultural production in order to raise income for farmers, solve the relationship of interests in development Some research works directly in Hai Duong province on the process of agricultural development have mentioned the following aspects: economic restructuring of the agricultural sector; rural economic restructuring in the process of Industrialization and Modernization; land consolidation; cooperative economy; Recent policies to support farmers to invest in agricultural mechanization have shown advantages, limitations and problems for agricultural development in Hai Duong province in the process of national economic integration This is a useful reference when analyzing the theoretical and practical basis for building agricultural development model in the context of integration in Hai Duong province 2.2 Internation economic integration on agricultural development 2.2.1 Internation economic integration International economic integration in the current context is not merely a limitation in the scope of tariff reductions but has been extended to all areas related to economic-trade policy, aimed at expanding markets for goods and services, eliminating tangible and intangible barriers to international trade exchange 2.2.2 Content of international economic integration (i) Preferential trade agreement (PTA) (ii) Free trade agreement (FTA) (iii) Customs Union (CU) (iv) Common market (v) Economic-monetary union 2.2.3 Content of agricultural development in the context of international economic integration 2.2.3.1 The need for agricultural development in the context of integration It can be said that agricultural development in the context of integration will achieve the following benefits: + Allocating resources in agriculture + Diversifying products and markets + Receiving new science and technology, improving quality, productivity + Improving the quality of human resources in agriculture 2.2.3.2 Content of agricultural development in the context of integration - Sustainability-oriented agriculture development - Export-oriented agricultural development - Application of high technology in agriculture 11 2.2.4 Criteria for assessing agricultural development in international economic integration - Criteria group of general agriculture development - Criteria group of economic efficiency 2.3 Factors affecting agricultural development in the context of international economic integration 2.3.1 Climate Change 2.3.2 Infrastructure structure 2.3.3 Capacity of production subject 2.3.4 Science and technology 2.3.5 Mechanisms and policies on agricultural economic development 2.4 Experience of some localities on agricultural development in the context of international economic integration 2.4.1 Experience in developing high-tech agriculture in Da Lat, Lam Dong province 2.4.2 Experience in husbandry in Dong Nai 2.4.3 Experience of An Giang province 2.5 Lessons learned applicable to Hai Duong province Agriculture is of special importance, having a key position in the economic structure of the country in general and of Hai Duong province in particular Through studying agricultural development experiences of some provinces in the country, Hai Duong will have many lessons in the strategy of sustainable agricultural development 2.5.1 Lesson of success Firstly, properly identifying the relationship between industry and agriculture in the process of industrialization and modernization and socioeconomic development of Hai Duong Secondly, agricultural development is associated with the protection of environment and natural resources 12 Thirdly, agricultural and rural development is associated with poverty reduction and improvement of rural living standards Fourth, in order to have a clean agriculture, sustainable development, high productivity, with valuable products, it is needed to have a "fourhouse" structure in processing and consumption At the same time, it is required to promote the development of high-tech agriculture in association with market demand, considering high-tech agriculture as a breakthrough to develop high-quality, efficient and sustainable agriculture 2.5.2 Lesson of failure Firstly, agricultural economics restructuring is still limited Secondly, most provinces still develop agriculture without environmental sustainability 2.5.3 The cause of this limitation is due to: Firstly, thinking and vision reflected in the planning and organization of agricultural development in the new conditions of many local levels in our country are not yet complying with market rules Secondly, small, scattered, fragmented production organizations which have not linked sustainable benefits among entities involved in production and consumption; no value chain has been established and the ability to participate in agricultural value chains remains poor; waste of natural resources; seriously abusing chemical substances, including toxic substances in the production, processing and preservation of agricultural products for short-term and immediate benefits; not paying adequate attention to the health of both producers and consumers; management of quality standards for agricultural products is particularly poor Thirdly, the agricultural production method is heavy in seasonality, agricultural technology level and infrastructure system are out of date; it is not yet active in breeding structure and breeding technology, genetic technology; The market for agricultural products is very unstable, strongly dependent on a few markets; The market of inputs with many negatives 13 causes very high risks for both production and consumption; The overall strategy and policy of godos items, godos sectos, and value chains are not associated with backed financial resources, or there are financial resources but wastefully used so no practical effects have been brought Fourth, the ability to access land, credit, and energy for production of both farmers and enterprises that want to apply high technology has many barriers in terms of policies and psychology from farmers Fifthly, the impact of climate change is fast with strong intensity, having deeper impact than the adaptability of the whole agricultural sector; The strategic competition of many strong agricultural countries is putting pressure on home failure for the country’s agriculture, the impact of climate change and sea level rise, causing saline intrusion, extreme weather events occuring with strong intensity, or deeper, faster impact due to the adaptability of people and businesses 14 CHAPTER CURRENT STATUS OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT IN HAI DUONG PROVINCE IN THE CONTEXT OF INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC INTEGRATION IN 2011-2016 PERIOD 3.1 Conditions affecting agricultural development in Hai Duong province in the period of 2011 - 2016 3.1.1 Natural condition * Topography and geomorphology * Land resources and current status of agricultural land use 3.1.2 Social and economic conditions * Population, labor, employment and income * Technical infrastructure 3.1.3 Assessing the impact of natural - economic - social conditions on agricultural development in Hai Duong province in the period of 2011 2016 * Advantages and potentials * Difficulties and limitations 3.2 Current situation of agricultural development in Hai Duong province in the context of international economic integration, period 2011 - 2016 3.2.1 Mechanism and policies of Hai Duong province for agricultural development 3.2.2 Sustainability-oriented agricultural development 3.2.2.1 Economically 3.2.2.2 Socially 3.2.2.3 Environmentally 3.2.3 Export-oriented agricultural development 3.2.3.1 Consumption market of crop products 3.2.3.2 Consumption market of livestock products 15 3.2.4 Application of modern technology in agriculture 3.2.4.1 For cultivation 3.2.4.2 For husbandry 3.3 Survey results on agricultural development in Hai Duong province Based on the survey with the objects of state management agencies, farmers and enterprises with 250 sheets issued and 121 valid votes collected in Hai Duong province 3.4 Evaluating some successes and limitations for agricultural development in Hai Duong province in the period of 2011 - 2016 3.4.1 Successes * Agricultural production has achieved a high and steady growth rate over the years * Awareness of commodity production and markets among farmers has been raised by one step * Production has been step by step developed towards industry 3.4.2 Limitations, weaknesses and causes * Limitations and weaknesses * Some causes leading to limitations and weaknesses 16 CHAPTER PERSPECTIVE, OBJECTIVE AND SOME SOLUTIONS FOR AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT IN HAI DUONG PROVINCE IN THE CONTEXT OF INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC INTEGRATION IN 2020-2025 PERIOD, WITH A VISION TO 2030 4.1 International and domestic contexts for agriculture in Hai Duong province period 2020 - 2025, with a vision to 2030 4.1.1 International context 4.1.2 Domestic context 4.2 Impact of international economic integration on agriculture in Hai Duong province in the period of 2020 - 2025, with a vision to 2030 4.2.1 Advantageous factor - Expanding export markets for agricultural products - International competition is a driving force for Vietnam's agricultural development: - Integration creates opportunities to attract foreign investment: - Promote scientific and technological applications: 4.2.2 Challenges in the trend of international economic integration - Facing many barriers in agricultural product exports: - Countries in the region invest in agricultural development, increasing competitiveness 4.3 Analysis of SWOT matrix for agricultural development model in Hai Duong province in the context of international economic integration From the SWOT matrix, it is possible to have general orientations for the modern agricultura model for Hai Duong province in the coming time, specifically: (1) Planning large-scale production areas (large fields), developing key and advantageous crops and livestock (2) Investment in new construction, expansion of processing and storage areas of agricultural products after harvest near material areas (3) Continuing to expand the market and diversify products 17 (4) Promoting research and transfer of new technologies, new biotechnology, selecting new varieties with high productivity and good quality to put into production (5) Strengthening agricultural and fishery encouragement work and market promotion information for agricultural production entities (6) Promoting linkage, cooperation, forming value chains in producing and consuming agricultural products, creating added value for agricultural products, thereby improving investment efficiency (7) Increasing to open professional training classes, technical and management training for agricultural production entities; promoting the role of associations and unions in propaganda and education to bring scientific and technological advances to production (8) Continuing to replicate and transfer effective production and postharvest models and formulate high-tech agricultural zones 4.4 Perspective, objectives for agricultural development in Hai Duong province in the context of international economic integration in 2020-2025 period, with a vision to 2030 4.4.1 Development perspective + Attaching agricultural economic development with effective implementation of social policies and environmental protection Ensuring social equality in rural areas, reducing the disparity in life between regions, localities in the province, protecting the land and protecting the ecological environment + Taking a short walk, synchronously applying scientific and technical advances in varieties, techniques of crop cultivation, techniques of raising cattle and poultry, developing mechanization, selecting and applying High-tech intensive farming techniques in accordance with actual production conditions and economic potential, farmers' level to continue to improve productivity, quality and competitiveness of agricultural products + Increasing investment in infrastructure for agriculture + Enhancing investment attraction in the sector when new opportunities come from integration, agriculture will welcome new investment flows, especially investment in high-tech agriculture and 18 supporting industries for the Agriculture sector – which are currently left open due to lack of resources The spillover effects from increasing investment in agriculture will be really important to the economy 4.4.2 Development Goals Cultivation: + The main goal of the cultivation industry is to meet the demand for food consumption, contributing to ensuring the national food security Reducing the area of growing food crops to the necessary level, maintaining and expanding the concentrated production areas of traditional vegetables, having a stable consumption market (beans, carrots, onion, ) and increasing efficiency on each one cultivated land by planting high economic value trees + By 2020, striving to increase the average production value of cultivation by 0.8%/year Development of commodity production is concentrated in the form of "large fields", "associated fields" together with preserving, processing and consuming products following the value chain Applying scientific and technological advances, bringing new varieties and mechanization into production to increase productivity and reduce labor Encouraging expansion of production models in accordance with good agricultural practices (VietGap, AseanGap, GlobalGap) and organic agriculture to improve product quality, encouraging businesses to invest in existing processing facilities, cold storage system to preserve and process agricultural products, improve the output value and product value + In the period of 2025 - 2030, cultivation is still a sector with a high proportion, contributing to stabilizing the lives of the majority of farmers, however, the quality of development and plant structure must be changed to suit the more and more increasing consumption demand + Agricultural land tends to decrease due to shifting to industry, construction, services, urbanization and other uses, so intensive farming increases productivity, reasonable arrangement of crops, maximizing land use factor are among the basic measures in the development of the cultivation, continuing to implement the policy of land accumulation, 19 forming concentrated production areas, creating goods of great value on a single area Husbandry + Planning concentrated livestock and poultry rearing areas with appropriate scales in order to bring into play the strengths of each locality, ensuring convenience for production, processing and consumption and environmental sanitation + Production of goods associated with the market + Large-scale concentrated animal husbandry production in association with the construction of disease-free areas and treatment of environmental pollution in animal husbandry for safe food with high productivity and quality, meeting the more and more increasing demand of people in the province and participating in export markets 4.5 Some solutions for agricultural development in Hai Duong province in the period of 2020 - 2025, with a vision to 2030 4.5.1 Group of solutions for sustainable agricultural development 4.5.1.1 Economic field + Developing mechanisms and planning for agricultural development + Improving the quality of human resources 4.5.1.2 Social field 4.5.1.3 Environmental field - Strengthening propaganda, raising awareness of officials, party members and people on the sense of rural environmental protection, guiding people to implement laws and measures to protect the environment - Completing regulations on environmental protection - Directing and strictly dealing with pressing places in the environment - Strengthening the environmental monitoring network, inspecting and strictly handling violations according to the provisions of law 4.5.2 Group of solutions for agricultural development towards export + Development of agricultural markets towards integration - Clearly defining the markets in order to have a strategy and plan for product consumption development suitable to each type of market 20 - Strengthening the organization of consumption networks in the province on the basis of developing the network of purchasing, distributing and retailing agricultural products through the construction and expansion of wholesale markets, shops and supermarkets in suitable places, bringing products to reach consumers conveniently - Participating in trade promotion programs in targeted markets, attending domestic and foreign trade fairs for agricultural products with the participation of the community, especially the top enterprises province - Promoting the construction of trademarks for agricultural products that have the advantage of developing strong, highly competitive brands in the market - Developing multi-lingual websites and documents on provincial agricultural products + Step by step participating in the global agricultural value chain For production organization issues - Innovating and building economic models, effective production organization forms - Continueing to renovate mechanisms and policies for the agricultural sector - Construction of agricultural product processing facilities For agricultural product business issues - Increasing investment in trade promotion activities, providing market information - Investment in building forces for forecasting research and market information - Investment in construction and operation support for trading floors - Quickly developing distribution system, logistic system, support ingservices for agricultural products For activities to create close links between businesses and farmers; building and promoting brands for Vietnamese agricultural products 4.5.3 Group of solutions on high-tech applications - Promoting the application of biotechnology science and technology achievements into production 21 - Investing in modern machinery and equipment, advanced technology, replacing obsolete technologies and equipment to increase the rate of deep processing with high added value for export and domestic consumption - Researching and manufacturing small and medium-sized equipment lines suitable to the scale of material areas, ensuring modern technologies and advanced equipment - Encouraging enterprises to implement product quality management following international standards - Enhancing research or linking with research institutes and universities to receive technology transfer - Supporting to build demonstration models of processing agricultural products, techniques for processing frozen meat, dried agricultural products, canned agricultural products, for enterprises in the province - Regularly paying attention to honor the examples in production and business in the agricultural sector, prestigious brands, artisans 4.5.4 Group of solutions for implementation + Department of Agriculture and Rural Development + Department of Industry and Trade + Department of Planning and Investment + Department of Natural Resources and Environment + Department of Science and Technology + Department of Finance + Coordination Office for new rural program of the province + Provincial Fatherland Front Committee, socio-political organizations + People's Committees of districts, cities and towns 22 CONCLUSION Agriculture is one of the most important and complex economic sectors, playing a major role in economic development in most countries, especially in developing countries like our country Agriculture ensures adequate supply of human life with the essential products that are food These products, despite the current development of science and technology, have not been replaced by any industry Hai Duong is a key agricultural province of the Red River Delta, which there are many advantages in geographical location, natural and socio-economic conditions for comprehensive agricultural development to meet development needs of the local economy and for export In the process of industrialization and modernization, agriculture still accounts for a high proportion in the GDP structure By 2017, the agriculture, forestry and fishery sector attracts nearly 70% of the total labor force of the province and contributes nearly 30% of the GDP structure It metes the needs of food for people in the province and neighboring provinces Hai Duong's Agriculture - Forestry - Fishery Structure is witnessing positive shifting in line with the country’s overall economic restructuring to the direction of reducing the proportion of agriculture and increasing the proportion of forestry and fisheries in order to meet integration requirements The goal for Hai Duong agriculture is to develop high quality agriculture; scale up and improve productivity and quality of products on farms; plan specialized cultivation areas suitable to the processing industry; promote specialization in agricultural sub-regions, continue to promote the restructuring of plants and animals Ensuring food security for the province and national reserves In order to realice the above objectives, the province needs to synchronously implement solutions on management organization, land policy, increasing investment in infrastructure, technical and material facilities, promoting advanced science and technology applications, agricultural extension policies, system of mechanisms and policies, rational 23 use of human resources, market expansion and trade promotion In particular, special focus should be paid on the role of science and technology to diversify and increase the competitiveness of Hai Duong agricultural products in the market From the above conclusions, the thesis recommends: - It is necessary to continue further research on agricultural and rural economic issues, especially the relationship between the factors affecting the development and distribution of agriculture and rural areas to have timely adjustments to the development process and the process of economic restructuring in this area in the next stage; - It is necessary to continue to raise awareness about the position and role of agriculture, farmers and rural areas in the new development context of the country; - Formulating a systematic theoretical perspective on agricultural, farmer and rural development; - Creating development mechanisms and policies for agriculture and rural areas in a synchronous and effective manner, especially breakthrough mechanisms and policies in technical infrastructure investment, human resource and scientific development, improving intellectual standards to serve as a premise for the process of developing and restructuring agriculture towards a rational, highly efficient and sustainable economic structure in the process of industrialization and modernization 24 LIST OF RELEVANT PUBLISHED WORKS BY THE THESIS AUTHOR “The main factors affecting the agricultural development in Hai Duong province in the context of international integration” “Exporting agricultural products in Hai Duong province to Asian markets: reality and solutions” “International and domestic experience on sustainable agricultural development and lessons learned for Hai Duong province” ... is fast with strong intensity, having deeper impact than the adaptability of the whole agricultural sector; The strategic competition of many strong agricultural countries is putting pressure... objectives of the thesis - Surveying typical areas of Hai Duong province such as Binh Giang, Thanh Ha, Thanh Mien, The thesis carried out the survey by issuing 250 sheets and after edited and processed... new rural program of the province + Provincial Fatherland Front Committee, socio-political organizations + People's Committees of districts, cities and towns 22 CONCLUSION Agriculture is one
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