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www.expressenglish.4t.com ١ Omar AL-Hourani ‫‪:Introduction‬‬ ‫ ﺳﻮﻑ ﻧﺒﺘﺪﺉ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ‪ Express English‬ﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﺒﺴﻴﻂ ﺟﺪﹰﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﻞ ﺍﳌﺒﺘﺪﺋﲔ‪ ‬ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬‫ﳛﺘﻮﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻮﺍﺿﻴﻊ ﺑﺴﻴﻄﺔ ﻭﺃﻳﻀﹰﺎ ﲨﻞ ﺑﺴﻴﻄﺔ ﻭﺃﻱ ﺷﺨﺺ ﻳﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻔﻬﻤﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﰲ ﲝﻮﺙ ﻻﺣﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﻑ ﺗﺼﺒﺢ ﺍﳉﻤﻞ ﺃﺻﻌﺐ ﻭﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﺗﻌﻘﻴﺪﹰﺍ‪.‬‬ ‫أ فا‬ ‫‪:English Letters‬‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ ﻷﺣﺮﻑ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺍﻻﳒﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ ﺷﻜﻼﻥ ﳘﺎ‪:‬‬‫‪:Capital Letters‬‬ ‫ﺃﻭ ﹰﻻ‪ /‬ﺍﻷﺣﺮﻑ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﲑﺓ ‪Letter‬‬ ‫‪N‬‬ ‫‪M‬‬ ‫‪L‬‬ ‫‪Z‬‬ ‫‪K‬‬ ‫‪Y‬‬ ‫‪J‬‬ ‫‪X‬‬ ‫‪I‬‬ ‫‪W‬‬ ‫‪H‬‬ ‫‪V‬‬ ‫‪G‬‬ ‫‪U‬‬ ‫‪F‬‬ ‫‪T‬‬ ‫‪E‬‬ ‫‪S‬‬ ‫‪D‬‬ ‫‪R‬‬ ‫‪C‬‬ ‫‪Q‬‬ ‫‪B‬‬ ‫‪P‬‬ ‫‪A‬‬ ‫‪O‬‬ ‫‪:Small Letters‬‬ ‫ﺛﺎﻧﻴﹰﺎ‪ /‬ﺍﻷﺣﺮﻑ ﺍﻟﺼﻐﲑﺓ ‪Letter‬‬ ‫‪n‬‬ ‫‪m‬‬ ‫‪l‬‬ ‫‪z‬‬ ‫‪k‬‬ ‫‪y‬‬ ‫‪j‬‬ ‫‪x‬‬ ‫‪I‬‬ ‫‪w‬‬ ‫‪h‬‬ ‫‪b‬‬ ‫‪g‬‬ ‫‪u‬‬ ‫‪f‬‬ ‫‪t‬‬ ‫‪e‬‬ ‫‪s‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪r‬‬ ‫‪c‬‬ ‫‪q‬‬ ‫‪b‬‬ ‫‪p‬‬ ‫ ﺍﻷﺣﺮﻑ ‪ A , E , I , O , U‬ﺗﺴﻤﻰ ﺃﺣﺮﻑ ﺻﻮﺗﻴﺔ )ﻣﺘﺤﺮﻛﺔ( ‪.Vowel Letters‬‬‫‪.Consonant Letters‬‬ ‫ ﺃﻣﺎ ﺑﺎﻗﻲ ﺍﻷﺣﺮﻑ ﻓﺘﺴﻤﻰ ﺃﺣﺮﻑ ﺳﺎﻛﻨﺔ ‪Letter‬‬‫ ﺍﳊﺮﻑ ‪ u‬ﰲ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺎﺕ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺣﺮﻑ ﺻﻮﰐ ﻣﺜـﻞ ‪" umbrella‬ﴰﺴـﻴﺔ" ﻭﺑﻌـﺾ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺎﺕ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺣﺮﻑ ﺳﺎﻛﻦ ﻣﺜﻞ ‪" university‬ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ"‪.‬‬ ‫‪Omar AL-Hourani‬‬ ‫‪AL‬‬ ‫‪٢‬‬ ‫‪www.expresseenglish.4t.com‬‬ ‫‪a‬‬ ‫‪o‬‬ :Numbers of English ‫ا‬ ‫أر م ا‬ :‫ ﺍﻷﺭﻗﺎﻡ ﺍﳌﻔﺮﺩﺓ‬/‫ﺃﻭ ﹰﻻ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ Zero ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪ‬ One ‫ﺍﺛﻨﺎﻥ‬ Two ‫ﺛﻼﺛﺔ‬ Three ‫ﺃﺭﺑﻌﺔ‬ Four ‫ﲬﺴﺔ‬ Five ‫ﺳﺘﺔ‬ Six ‫ﺳﺒﻌﺔ‬ Seven ‫ﲦﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ Eight ‫ﺗﺴﻌﺔ‬ Nine 10 ‫ﻋﺸﺮﺓ‬ Ten :‫ ﺍﻷﺭﻗﺎﻡ ﺍﳌﺮﻛﺒﺔ‬/‫ﺛﺎﻧﻴﹰﺎ‬ 11 ‫ﺇﺣﺪﻯ ﻋﺸﺮ‬ Eleven 12 ‫ﺃﺛﲎ ﻋﺸﺮ‬ Twelve 13 ‫ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﻋﺸﺮ‬ Thirteen 14 ‫ﺃﺭﺑﻌﺔ ﻋﺸﺮ‬ Fourteen 15 ‫ﲬﺴﺔ ﻋﺸﺮ‬ Fifteen 16 ‫ﺳﺘﺔ ﻋﺸﺮ‬ Sixteen 17 ‫ﺳﺒﻌﺔ ﻋﺸﺮ‬ Seventeen 18 ‫ﲦﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻋﺸﺮ‬ Eighteen www.expressenglish.4t.com ٣ Omar AL-Hourani 19 ‫ﺗﺴﻌﺔ ﻋﺸﺮ‬ Nineteen :‫ ﺃﻟﻔﺎﻅ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻮﺩ‬/‫ﺛﺎﻟﺜﹰﺎ‬ 20 ‫ﻋﺸﺮﻭﻥ‬ Twenty 30 ‫ﺛﻼﺛﻮﻥ‬ Thirty 40 ‫ﺃﺭﺑﻌﻮﻥ‬ Forty 50 ‫ﲬﺴﻮﻥ‬ Fifty 60 ‫ﺳﺘﻮﻥ‬ Sixty 70 ‫ﺳﺒﻌﻮﻥ‬ Seventy 80 ‫ﲦﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬ Eighty 90 ‫ﺗﺴﻌﻮﻥ‬ Ninety 100 ‫ﻣﺌﺔ‬ Hundred 1000 ‫ﺃﻟﻒ‬ Thousand 1000000 ‫ﻣﻠﻴﻮﻥ‬ Million 1000000000 (‫ﺑﻠﻴﻮﻥ )ﻣﻠﻴﺎﺭ‬ Billion (Milliard) :‫ ﺍﻷﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺗﻴﺒﻴﺔ‬/‫ﺭﺍﺑﻌﹰﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻢ‬ ‫ﺭﻣﺰﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻝ‬ 1st First ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ‬ 2nd Second ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ‬ 3rd Third ‫ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻊ‬ 4th Fourth ‫ﺍﳋﺎﻣﺲ‬ 5th Fifth ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺩﺱ‬ 6th Sixth www.expressenglish.4t.com ٤ Omar AL-Hourani ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻊ‬ 7th Seventh ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻣﻦ‬ 8th Eighth ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺳﻊ‬ 9th Ninth ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺷﺮ‬ 10th Tenth ‫ﺍﳊﺎﺩﻱ ﻋﺸﺮ‬ 11th Eleventh ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ ﻋﺸﺮ‬ 12th Twelfth ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ ﻋﺸﺮ‬ 13th Thirteenth ‫ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻊ ﻋﺸﺮ‬ 14th Fourteenth ‫ﺍﳋﺎﻣﺲ ﻋﺸﺮ‬ 15th Fifteenth ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺸﺮﻭﻥ‬ 20th Twentieth ‫ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺛﻮﻥ‬ 30th Thirtieth ‫ﺍﻷﺭﺑﻌﻮﻥ‬ 40th Fortieth ‫ﺍﳋﻤﺴﻮﻥ‬ 50th Fiftieth ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺣﺪ ﻭﺍﳋﻤﺴﻮﻥ‬ 51st Fifth First ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﺘﻮﻥ‬ 62nd Sixth Second ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ ﻭﺍﻟﺜﻤﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬ 83rd Eighth Third ‫ﺍﳌﺌﺔ‬ 100th Hundredth ‫ﺍﻷﻟﻒ‬ 1000th Thousandth ‫ﺍﳌﻠﻴﻮﻥ‬ 1000000th Millionth (‫ﺍﻟﺒﻠﻴﻮﻥ )ﺍﳌﻠﻴﺎﺭ‬ 1000000000th Billionth ‫ﺍﻷﺧﲑ‬ - Last ٥ Omar AL-Hourani www.expressenglish.4t.com :‫ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ ﺍﻷﺭﻗﺎﻡ‬/‫ﺧﺎﻣﺴﹰﺎ‬ :‫( ﺍﻟﻌﺸﺮﺍﺕ‬١ Twenty six ‫ ﺳﺘﺔ ﻭﻋﺸﺮﻭﻥ‬: 26 Thirty seven ‫ ﺳﺒﻌﺔ ﻭﺛﻼﺛﻮﻥ‬: 37 Forty three ‫ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﻭﺃﺭﺑﻌﻮﻥ‬: 43 Fifty five ‫ ﲬﺴﺔ ﻭﲬﺴﻮﻥ‬: 55 Sixty one ‫ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻭﺳﺘﻮﻥ‬: 61 Seventy four ‫ ﺃﺭﺑﻌﺔ ﻭﺳﺒﻌﻮﻥ‬: 74 Eighty two ‫ ﺍﺛﻨﺎﻥ ﻭﲦﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬: 82 Ninety eight ‫ ﲦﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻭﺗﺴﻌﻮﻥ‬: 98 :‫( ﺍﳌﺌﺎﺕ‬٢ www.expressenglish.4t.com One hundred thirty one ‫ ﻣﺌﺔ ﻭﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻭﺛﻼﺛﻮﻥ‬: 131 Nine hundred eight ‫ ﺗﺴﻊ ﻣﺌﺔ ﻭﲦﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬: 908 ٦ Omar AL-Hourani Three hundred twelve ‫ ﺛﻼﺙ ﻣﺌﺔ ﻭﺍﺛﻨﺎ ﻋﺸﺮ‬: 312 Five hundred eleven ‫ ﲬﺲ ﻣﺌﺔ ﻭﺇﺣﺪﻯ ﻋﺸﺮ‬: 511 :‫( ﺍﻷﻟﻮﻑ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺸﺮﺍﺕ ﺃﻟﻮﻑ ﻭﺍﳌﺌﺎﺕ ﺃﻟﻮﻑ‬٣ One thousand two hundred thirty five ‫ ﺃﻟﻒ ﻭﻣﺎﺋﺘﺎﻥ ﻭﲬﺴﺔ ﻭﺛﻼﺛﲔ‬: 1235 Three thousand five hundred twelve ‫ ﺛﻼﺙ ﺃﻟﻮﻑ ﻭﲬﺲ ﻣﺌﺔ ﻭﺍﺛﻨﺎ ﻋﺸﺮ‬: 3512 Fourteen thousand three hundred five ‫ ﺃﺭﺑﻌﺔ ﻋﺸﺮ ﺃﻟﻔﹰﺎ ﻭﺛﻼﺙ ﻣﺌﺔ ﻭﲬﺴﺔ‬: 14305 ٣ ٢ ١ ‫ ﺳﺖ ﻣﺌﺔ ﻭﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻭﲬﺴﻮﻥ ﺃﻟﻔﹰﺎ ﻭﺛﻼﺙ ﻣﺌﺔ ﻭﲬﺴﺔ ﻭﺃﺭﺑﻌﻮﻥ‬: 651345 ١ ٢ ٣ Six hundred fifty one thousand three hundred forty five ٤ ٣ ٢ ١ ‫ ﻣﻠﻴﻮﻧﺎﻥ ﺃﺭﺑﻌﺔ ﻣﺌﺔ ﻭﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﻭﲬﺴﻮﻥ ﺃﻟﻔﹰﺎ ﻭﻣﺎﺋﺘﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﺛﻨﺎ ﻋﺸﺮ‬: 2453212 ١ ٢ ٣ ٤ Two million four hundred fifty three thousand two hundred twelve :English Nouns ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ، Ali ‫ ﺍﺳﻢ ﻋﻠﻢ )ﻋﻠـﻲ‬، book ‫ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‬، apple ‫ ﺗﻔﺎﺣﺔ‬، school ‫ ﻣﺪﺭﺳﺔ‬، house ‫ ﻣﱰﻝ‬:‫ ﺃﻣﺜﻠﺔ‬.(America ‫ ﺃﻣﲑﻛﺎ‬، London ‫ ﻟﻨﺪﻥ‬، Mary ‫ ﻣﺎﺭﻱ‬، James ‫ﺟﻴﻤﺲ‬ www.expressenglish.4t.com ٧ Omar AL-Hourani ‫ ﻭﻛﻤﺎ ﻧﻌﺮﻑ ﺃﻥ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﻳﻮﺟﺪ ﻟﻼﺳﻢ ﻧﻜﺮﺓ ﻭﻣﻌﺮﻓﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺩﺍﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﻫﻲ "ﺍﻝ"‪ ‬ﻣﺜﻞ‪:‬‬‫)ﻣﺪﺭﺳﺔ ‪ ،‬ﺍﳌﺪﺭﺳﺔ(‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﺭﺳﺔ ‪ :‬ﺗﻌﲏ ﺃﻱ ﻣﺪﺭﺳﺔ ﺩﻭﻥ ﲢﺪﻳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺪﺭﺳﺔ ‪ :‬ﺗﻌﲏ ﻣﺪﺭﺳﺔ ﻣﻌﻴﻨﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫‪،‬‬ ‫"‪."the‬‬ ‫"‬ ‫ ﻭﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺍﻻﳒﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ ﻳﻮﺟﺪ ﻟﻼﺳﻢ ﻧﻜﺮﺓ ﻭﻣﻌﺮﻓﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺩﺍﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺍﻻﳒﻠﻴﺰﻳـﺔ ﻫـﻲ‬‫ﻣﺜﻞ‪.(school , the school) :‬‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺪﺭﺳﺔ )ﻣﺪﺭﺳﺔ ﻣﻌﻴﻨﺔ( ‪the school :‬‬ ‫‪,‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﺭﺳﺔ )ﺃﻱ ﻣﺪﺭﺳﺔ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﲢﺪﻳﺪ( ‪school :‬‬ ‫‪."a‬‬ ‫ ﻭﺃﺩﺍﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻜﲑ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺍﻻﳒﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ ﻫﻲ "‪a , an‬‬‫"ﺗﺪﺭﺱ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻔﺼﻴﻞ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﳋﺎﻣﺲ"‬ ‫ﺱ‪ /‬ﻣﺎ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻕ ﺑﲔ ‪ a‬ﻭ ‪an‬؟‬ ‫ﺝ‪ /‬ﻧﻀﻊ "‪ "a‬ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﳊﺮﻑ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻻﺳﻢ ﺳﺎﻛﻦ ﻭﻧﻀﻊ "‪ "an‬ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﳊﺮﻑ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺳﻢ ﺻﻮﰐ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ‪ :‬ﻣﺪﺭﺳﺔ ‪ ، a school‬ﺗﻔﺎﺣﺔ ‪an apple‬‬ ‫ﺣﺮﻑ ﺳﺎﻛﻦ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﻑ ﺻﻮﰐ‬ ‫ ﻻ ﺗﻀﺎﻑ ﺃﺩﺍﰐ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻜﲑ ‪ a , an‬ﻟﻸﲰﺎﺀ ﻏﲑ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺑﻠﺔ ﻟﻠﻌﺪ‪ ‬ﻣﺜﻞ‪ :‬ﻣﺎﺀ ‪ ، water‬ﺳﻜﺮ ‪" sugar‬ﺗﺪﺭﺱ‬‫ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻔﺼﻴﻞ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﳋﺎﻣﺲ"‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﻄﺄ‬ ‫‪I drink a water.‬‬ ‫ﺻﺢ )ﺃﻧﺎ ﺃﺷﺮﺏ ﻣﺎ ًﺀ(‬ ‫‪I drink water.‬‬ ‫ﺟـﻤـﻊ ﺍﻷﺳـﻤـﺎﺀ‬ ‫ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺍﻻﳒﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ ﻻ ﻳﻮﺟﺪ ﻣﺜﲎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﻜﺲ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﻭﺇﳕﺎ ﻣﻔﺮﺩ ﻭﲨﻊ ﻓﻘﻂ‪.‬‬‫ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺍﻷﲰﺎﺀ ‪‬ﺗﺠﻤﻊ ﺑﺈﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺣﺮﻑ "‪ "s‬ﻵﺧﺮ ﺍﻻﺳﻢ‪ ‬ﻣﺜﻞ‪ :‬ﻣﺪﺭﺳﺔ ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﺍﺭﺱ ‪school‬‬‫‪schools‬‬ ‫‪Omar AL-Hourani‬‬ ‫‪AL‬‬ ‫‪٨‬‬ ‫‪school‬‬ ‫‪www.expresseenglish.4t.com‬‬ ‫ﺱ‪ /‬ﺍﲨﻊ ﺍﻷﲰﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‪ :‬ﻳﻄﲑ ‪ ، fly‬ﺃﺗﻮﺑﻴﺲ ‪bus‬‬ ‫ﺝ‪ %٩٠ /‬ﺳﺘﻘﻮﻝ‪:‬‬ ‫‪flys‬‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺧﻄﺄ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﳉﻮﺍﺏ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺢ ﻫﻮ‪:‬‬ ‫‪buss , fly‬‬ ‫‪bus‬‬ ‫‪buses , flies‬‬ ‫"ﺳﻮﻑ ﺗﺸﺮﺡ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻔﺼﻴﻞ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻗﻠﻴﻞ"‬ ‫ ﻻ ﺗﻀﺎﻑ ﺃﺩﺍﰐ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻜﲑ ‪ a , an‬ﻷﲰﺎﺀ ﺍﳉﻤﻊ‪.‬‬‫ﺧﻄﺄ‬ ‫‪I bought a toys.‬‬ ‫‪toys.‬‬ ‫ﺖ ﺃﻟﻌﺎﺑﹰﺎ(‬ ‫ﺻﺢ )ﺃﻧﺎ ﺍﺷﺘﺮﻳ ‪‬‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫‪I bought toys.‬‬ ‫‪:English Verb‬‬ ‫ل ‪Verbs‬‬ ‫ ﻛﻞ ﻓﻌﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺍﻻﳒﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ ﻟﻪ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﺗﺼﺎﺭﻳﻒ ﻫﻢ‪:‬‬‫‪.V3‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﺮﻳﻒ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ "ﺍﳊﺎﺿﺮ" ‪ - V1‬ﺍﻟﺘﺼﺮﻳﻒ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ "ﺍﳌﺎﺿﻲ" ‪ - V2‬ﺍﻟﺘﺼﺮﻳﻒ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ "ﺍﺳﻢ ﺍﳌﻔﻌﻮﻝ" ‪V‬‬ ‫‪Present (V‬‬ ‫‪V1) - Past (V2) - Past Participle (V3).‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﺮﻳﻒ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ﻳﺴﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﻟﻠﺤﺎﺿﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺼﺮﻳﻒ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ ﻳﺴﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﻟﻠﻤﺎﺿﻲ ﺃﻣﺎ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﺮﻳﻒ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟـﺚ ﻓﻴﺴـﺘﺨﺪﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﺼﻴﺎﻏﺔ ﺍﳌﺒﲏ ﻟﻠﻤﺠﻬﻮﻝ ﻭﺍﳊﺎﺿﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻡ "ﺗﺪﺭﺱ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻔﺼﻴﻞ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻊ"‪.‬‬ ‫ ﻭﺗﻨﻘﺴﻢ ﺃﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺍﻻﳒﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ ﺇﱃ ﻗﺴﻤﲔ ﳘﺎ‪:‬‬‫‪ (١‬ﺍﻷﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻏﲑ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺫﺓ ‪:Regular Verbs‬‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻏﲑ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺫﺓ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻷﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﺎﻣﻴﺔ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﻔﻪ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ ﻫﻮ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﺮﻳﻒ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﺘﺤﻮﻳـﻞ ﺍﻟﻔﻌـﻞ ﺇﱃ‬ ‫"‪ "ed‬ﻣﺜﻞ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﻞ "ﻳﻠﻌﺐ"‪:‬‬ ‫"‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﺮﻳﻒ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ ﻭﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ ﻳﻀﺎﻑ ﻵﺧﺮ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﻞ‬ ‫‪play‬‬ ‫‪lay - played‬‬ ‫‪p‬‬ ‫‪- played‬‬ ‫‪ed‬‬ ‫‪Omar AL-Hourani‬‬ ‫‪AL‬‬ ‫‪٩‬‬ ‫‪www.expresseenglish.4t.com‬‬ ‫‪ (٢‬ﺍﻷﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺫﺓ ‪Irregular Verbs‬‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺫﺓ ﻗﺪ ﻳﺘﻐﲑ ﺷﻜﻠﻬﺎ ﻋﻨﺪ ﲢﻮﻳﻠﻬﺎ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﺮﻳﻒ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ ﻭﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ ﻭﻗﺪ ﻳﺒﻘﻰ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻫﻮ‪ ‬ﻣﺜﻞ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﻞ "ﻳﺄﻛﻞ"‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻌﻞ "ﻳﺸﺮﺏ" ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻌﻞ "ﳚﺮﺡ"‪:‬‬ ‫‪eat - ate - eaten‬‬ ‫‪drink‬‬ ‫‪rink - drank‬‬ ‫‪rank - drunk‬‬ ‫‪runk‬‬ ‫‪hurt - hurt - hurt‬‬ ‫"ﺍﻧﻈﺮ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳉﺪﻭﻝ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ ﻋﺸﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﲢﺘﺎﺝ ﺇﱃ ﺣﻔﻆ"‬ ‫ ﻛﻞ ﻓﻌﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺍﻻﳒﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ ﻟﻪ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﺃﺯﻣﻨﺔ ﻫﻢ‪:‬‬‫ﺃﻭ ﹰﻻ‪ /‬ﺍﻟﻔﻌﻞ ﺍﳌﺎﺿﻲ ‪:Past‬‬ ‫ﺐ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺲ ‪ ،‬ﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺏ ‪ ،‬ﺟ ﹶﻠ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺙ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺎﺿﻲ‪ ‬ﻣﺜﻞ‪ :‬ﹶﺃ ﹶﻛ ﹶﻞ ‪ ،‬ﺷ ﹺﺮ ‪‬‬ ‫ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﻞ ﺍﳌﺎﺿﻲ ﻫﻮ ﻭﺻﻒ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﺎ ﺣ ‪‬ﺪ ﹶ‬‫‪ ،"ed‬ﺗﺴﻤﻰ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﻓﻌﺎﻝ‬ ‫ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺍﻻﳒﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺍﻷﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻟﺘﺤﻮﻳﻠﻬﻢ ﺇﱃ ﻣﺎﺿﻲ ﳚﺐ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﻵﺧﺮ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﻞ "‪ed‬‬‫ﺃﻓﻌﺎ ﹰﻻ ﻏﲑ ﺷﺎﺫﺓ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻷﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﺎﻣﻴﺔ ‪.Regular Verbs‬‬ ‫ﺱ‪ /‬ﺣﻮﻝ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺇﱃ ﻣﺎﺿﻲ ﻋﻠﻤﹰﺎ ﺑﺄ‪‬ﺎ ﻟﻴﺴﺖ ﺃﻓﻌﺎ ﹰﻻ ﺷﺎﺫﺓ‪ :‬ﻳﺒﻜﻲ ‪ ، Cry‬ﳛﺐ ‪Love‬‬ ‫ﺝ‪ %٩٠ /‬ﺳﺘﻘﻮﻝ‪:‬‬ ‫‪Cryed‬‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺧﻄﺄ ﻭﺍﳉﻮﺍﺏ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺢ ﻫﻮ‪:‬‬ ‫‪Loveed , Cry‬‬ ‫ﺑﻜﻰ ‪Cried‬‬ ‫‪،‬‬ ‫‪Love‬‬ ‫ﺣﺐ‪Loved ‬‬ ‫"ﺳﻮﻑ ﺗﺸﺮﺡ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻔﺼﻴﻞ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻗﻠﻴﻞ"‬ ‫ﺛﺎﻧﻴﹰﺎ‪ /‬ﺍﻟﻔﻌﻞ ﺍﳌﻀﺎﺭﻉ ‪:Present‬‬ ‫‪ ، play‬ﻳﺸـﺮﺏ‬ ‫‪p‬‬ ‫ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺍﻟﻔﻌﻞ ﺍﳌﻀﺎﺭﻉ ﻫﻮ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﺮﻳﻒ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ "ﺍﳊﺎﺿﺮ" ﻟﻠﻔﻌﻞ‪ ‬ﻣﺜﻞ‪ :‬ﻳﻠﻌـﺐ‬‫‪.sit‬‬ ‫‪ ، drink‬ﻳﺄﻛﻞ ‪ ، eeat‬ﳚﻠﺲ ‪s‬‬ ‫‪Omar AL-Hourani‬‬ ‫‪AL‬‬ ‫‪١٠‬‬ ‫‪www.expresseenglish.4t.com‬‬ www.expressenglish.4t.com ١ Omar AL-Hourani ‫‪A‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻀﹰﺎ‬ ‫‪also‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺩﺭ ‪ ،‬ﻳﻘﺪﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫‪able‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺋﻤﹰﺎ‬ ‫‪always‬‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﹰﺎ‬ ‫‪about‬‬ ‫ﺃﻛﻮﻥ )ﻟﻠﻤﺘﻜﻠﻢ(‬ ‫‪am‬‬ ‫ﻓﻮﻕ‬ ‫‪above‬‬ ‫ﺑﲔ ‪ ،‬ﻭﺳﻂ‬ ‫‪among‬‬ ‫ﻳﻀﻴﻒ‬ ‫‪add‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻭ ﺍﻟﻌﻄﻒ‬ ‫‪and‬‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺋﻒ‬ ‫‪afraid‬‬ ‫ﻏﻀﺐ ‪ ،‬ﻳﻐﻀﺐ‬ ‫‪anger‬‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫‪after‬‬ ‫ﺇﺟﺎﺑﺔ ‪ ،‬ﳚﻴﺐ‬ ‫‪answer‬‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺓ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ‬ ‫‪again‬‬ ‫ﺃﻱ ‪ ،‬ﺃﳝﺎ‬ ‫‪any‬‬ ‫ﺿﺪ‬ ‫‪against‬‬ ‫ﻳﻈﻬﺮ ‪ ،‬ﻳﺒﺪﻭ‬ ‫‪appear‬‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺮ‬ ‫‪age‬‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺎﺣﺔ‬ ‫‪apple‬‬ ‫ﺽ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺬ ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎ ﹴ‬ ‫‪ago‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻮﻥ )ﻟﻠﺠﻤﻊ(‬ ‫‪are‬‬ ‫ﻳﻮﺍﻓﻖ‬ ‫‪agree‬‬ ‫ﻳﺼﻞ‬ ‫‪arrive‬‬ ‫ﻫﻮﺍﺀ‬ ‫‪air‬‬ ‫ﻣﺜﻞ ‪ ،‬ﻛﺄﻥ‬ ‫‪as‬‬ ‫ﻛﻞ ‪ ،‬ﲨﻴﻊ‬ ‫‪all‬‬ ‫ﻳﺴﺄﻝ ‪ ،‬ﻳﻄﻠﺐ‬ ‫‪ask‬‬ ‫ﻳﺴﻤﺢ‬ ‫‪allow‬‬ ‫‪B‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺳﻮﺩ‬ ‫‪black‬‬ ‫ﺭﺿﻴﻊ ‪ ،‬ﺻﻐﲑ‬ ‫‪baby‬‬ ‫ﺩﻡ‬ ‫‪blood‬‬ ‫ﺧﻠﻒ ‪ ،‬ﻇﻬﺮ‬ ‫‪back‬‬ ‫ﺃﺯﺭﻕ‬ ‫‪blue‬‬ ‫ﺳﻲﺀ ‪ ،‬ﺭﺩﻱﺀ‬ ‫‪bad‬‬ ‫ﻟﻮﺡ ﺧﺸﱯ‬ ‫‪board‬‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺓ‬ ‫‪ball‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺭﺏ ‪ ،‬ﺯﻭﺭﻕ ‪ ،‬ﻣﺮﻛﺐ‬ ‫‪boat‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺯ‬ ‫‪banana‬‬ ‫ﺟﺴﻢ‬ ‫‪body‬‬ ‫ﺑﻨﻚ ‪ ،‬ﺿﻔﺔ‬ ‫‪bank‬‬ ‫ﻋﻈﻢ‬ ‫‪bone‬‬ ‫ﻗﻀﻴﺐ ‪ ،‬ﻗﻄﻌﺔ ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺭ‬ ‫‪bar‬‬ ‫‪Omar AL-Hourani‬‬ ‫‪٢‬‬ ‫‪www.expressenglish.4t.com‬‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ‬ ‫‪book‬‬ ‫ﺃﺳﺎﺱ ‪ ،‬ﻗﺎﻋﺪﺓ‬ ‫‪base‬‬ ‫ﻛﻼ‬ ‫‪both‬‬ ‫ﻣﻀﺮﺏ ‪ ،‬ﺧﻔﺎﺵ‬ ‫‪bat‬‬ ‫ﻳﺰﻋﺞ‬ ‫‪bother‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ‪ ،‬ﻳﺼﺒﺢ‬ ‫‪be‬‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ‬ ‫‪box‬‬ ‫ﳛﻤﻞ ‪ ،‬ﻳﺘﺤﻤ‪‬ﻞ ‪ ،‬ﺗﻠﺪ‬ ‫‪bear‬‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺪ ‪ ،‬ﺻﱯ‬ ‫‪boy‬‬ ‫ﻳﻀﺮﺏ ‪ ،‬ﻳﻬﺰﻡ‬ ‫‪beat‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺰ‬ ‫‪bread‬‬ ‫ﲨﺎﻝ ‪ ،‬ﻭﺳﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫‪beauty‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜﺴﺮ‬ ‫‪break‬‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻳﺮ ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﺍﺵ‬ ‫‪bed‬‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻨﻔﺲ‬ ‫‪breath‬‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ ‪ ،‬ﺃﻣﺎﻡ‬ ‫‪before‬‬ ‫ﳛﻀﺮ‬ ‫‪bring‬‬ ‫ﻳﺒﺪﺃ‬ ‫‪begin‬‬ ‫ﺃﺥ‬ ‫‪brother‬‬ ‫ﺧﻠﻒ ‪ ،‬ﻭﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫‪behind‬‬ ‫ﺑﲏ‬ ‫‪brown‬‬ ‫ﻳﺆﻣﻦ ‪ ،‬ﻳﺼﺪﻕ‬ ‫‪believe‬‬ ‫ﻳﺒﲏ‬ ‫‪build‬‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻓﻀﻞ‬ ‫‪best‬‬ ‫ﳛﺘﺮﻕ ‪ ،‬ﻳﺸﺘﻌﻞ ‪ ،‬ﳛﺮﻕ‬ ‫‪burn‬‬ ‫ﺃﺣﺴﻦ ‪ ،‬ﺃﻓﻀﻞ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫‪better‬‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻐﻮﻝ‬ ‫‪busy‬‬ ‫ﺑﲔ ‪ ،‬ﻭﺳﻂ‬ ‫‪between‬‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻦ ‪ ،‬ﻏﲑ ‪ ،‬ﺳﻮﻯ‬ ‫‪but‬‬ ‫ﻛﺒﲑ‬ ‫‪big‬‬ ‫ﲜﺎﻧﺐ ‪ ،‬ﺑﻮﺍﺳﻄﺔ‬ ‫‪by‬‬ ‫ﻃﺎﺋﺮ‬ ‫‪bird‬‬ ‫‪C‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻳﻐﻠﻖ ‪ ،‬ﻳﻘﻔﻞ‬ ‫‪close‬‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺀ ‪ ،‬ﻳﻨﺎﺩﻱ ‪ ،‬ﻳﺼﺮﺥ‬ ‫‪call‬‬ ‫ﺳﺤﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫‪cloud‬‬ ‫ﻳﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ‪ ،‬ﻳﻘﺪﺭ ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﺒﺔ‬ ‫‪can‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺭﺩ ‪ ،‬ﺯﻛﺎﻡ‬ ‫‪cold‬‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺻﻤﺔ ‪ ،‬ﺭﺃﺱ ﻣﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪capital‬‬ ‫ﻟﻮﻥ ‪ ،‬ﻳﻠﻮﻥ‬ ‫‪color‬‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫‪car‬‬ ‫ﻳﺄﰐ ‪ ،‬ﳚﻲﺀ‬ ‫‪come‬‬ ‫ﺑﻄﺎﻗﺔ ‪ ،‬ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﻟﻌﺐ‬ ‫‪card‬‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺔ ‪ ،‬ﺭﻓﻘﺔ‬ ‫‪company‬‬ ‫ﻳﻌﺘﲏ ‪ ،‬ﻳﻬﺘﻢ‬ ‫‪care‬‬ ‫ﻳﻘﺎﺭﻥ‬ ‫‪compare‬‬ ‫ﳛﻤﻞ‬ ‫‪carry‬‬ ‫‪Omar AL-Hourani‬‬ ‫‪٣‬‬ ‫‪www.expressenglish.4t.com‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ‪ ،‬ﻳﻜﻤﻞ‬ ‫‪complete‬‬ ‫ﺣﻘﻴﺒﺔ ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﺒﺔ‬ ‫‪case‬‬ ‫ﻳﻄﺒﺦ‬ ‫‪cook‬‬ ‫ﻗﻄﺔ‬ ‫‪cat‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺘﺪﻝ ﺍﻟﱪﻭﺩﺓ ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺭﺩ ‪،‬‬ ‫‪cool‬‬ ‫ﳝﺴﻚ ‪ ،‬ﻳﻘﺒﺾ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫‪catch‬‬ ‫ﳑﺘﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻳﻨﺴﺦ ‪ ،‬ﻧﺴﺨﺔ‬ ‫‪copy‬‬ ‫ﺳﺒﺐ ‪ ،‬ﻳﺴﺒﺐ‬ ‫‪cause‬‬ ‫ﺫﺭﺓ‬ ‫‪corn‬‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ‪ ،‬ﻭﺳﻂ ‪ ،‬ﳏﻮﺭ‬ ‫‪center‬‬ ‫ﺯﺍﻭﻳﺔ‬ ‫‪corner‬‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺻﺔ‬ ‫‪chance‬‬ ‫ﻳﺼﺤﺢ ‪ ،‬ﻳﻌﺪﻝ ‪ ،‬ﺻﺤﻴﺢ‬ ‫‪correct‬‬ ‫ﻳﻐﲑ ‪ ،‬ﻳﺒﺪﻝ ‪ ،‬ﻳﺼﺮﻑ‬ ‫‪change‬‬ ‫ﲦﻦ ‪ ،‬ﻛﻠﻔﺔ ‪ ،‬ﻳﺜﻤﻦ‬ ‫‪cost‬‬ ‫ﻳﺸﺤﻦ ‪ ،‬ﻳﺘﻬﻢ‬ ‫‪charge‬‬ ‫ﻳﻌﺪ ‪ ،‬ﳛﺼﻲ‬ ‫‪count‬‬ ‫ﻏﺸﺎﺵ ‪ ،‬ﻳﻐﺶ ‪ ،‬ﳛﺘﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪cheat‬‬ ‫ﺑﻠﺪ ‪ ،‬ﻭﻃﻦ‬ ‫‪country‬‬ ‫ﺩﺟﺎﺟﺔ‬ ‫‪chicken‬‬ ‫ﻏﻄﺎﺀ ‪ ،‬ﻳﻐﻄﻲ‬ ‫‪cover‬‬ ‫ﻃﻔﻞ‬ ‫‪child‬‬ ‫ﺑﻘﺮﺓ‬ ‫‪cow‬‬ ‫ﳜﺘﺎﺭ‬ ‫‪choose‬‬ ‫ﳜﻠﻖ‬ ‫‪create‬‬ ‫ﺣﻠﻘﺔ ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﺋﺮﺓ ‪ ،‬ﻳﺪﻭﺭ‬ ‫‪circle‬‬ ‫ﺟﺮﳝﺔ‬ ‫‪crime‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ‬ ‫‪city‬‬ ‫ﺻﻠﻴﺐ ‪ ،‬ﻳﻌﱪ‬ ‫‪cross‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺟﺔ ‪ ،‬ﻃﺒﻘﺔ ‪ ،‬ﻓﺼﻞ‬ ‫‪class‬‬ ‫ﻳﺼﻴﺢ ‪ ،‬ﻳﺒﻜﻲ‬ ‫‪cry‬‬ ‫ﻧﻈﻴﻒ ‪ ،‬ﻳﻨﻈﻒ‬ ‫‪clean‬‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺠﺎﻥ ‪ ،‬ﻛﻮﺏ‬ ‫‪cup‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺿﺢ ‪ ،‬ﺻﺎﻑ‬ ‫‪clear‬‬ ‫ﻳﻘﺺ ‪ ،‬ﻳﻘﻄﻊ‬ ‫‪cut‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻋﺔ ﺣﺎﺋﻂ‬ ‫‪clock‬‬ ‫‪D‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺻﻌﺐ‬ ‫‪difficult‬‬ ‫ﺭﻗﺼﺔ ‪ ،‬ﻳﺮﻗﺺ‬ ‫‪dance‬‬ ‫ﻣﺒﺎﺷﺮ ‪ ،‬ﻳﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫‪direct‬‬ ‫ﺧﻄﺮ‬ ‫‪danger‬‬ ‫ﻳﻨﺎﻗﺶ‬ ‫‪discuss‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻛﻦ ‪ ،‬ﻗﺎﰎ‬ ‫‪dark‬‬ ‫ﻳﻘﺴﻢ‬ ‫‪divide‬‬ ‫ﻳﻮﻡ‬ ‫‪day‬‬ ‫‪Omar AL-Hourani‬‬ ‫‪٤‬‬ ‫‪www.expressenglish.4t.com‬‬ ‫ﻳﻔﻌﻞ ‪ ،‬ﻳﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫‪do‬‬ ‫ﻳﻘﺮﺭ‬ ‫‪decide‬‬ ‫ﺩﻛﺘﻮﺭ ‪ ،‬ﻃﺒﻴﺐ‬ ‫‪doctor‬‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻴﻖ‬ ‫‪deep‬‬ ‫ﻛﻠﺐ‬ ‫‪dog‬‬ ‫ﻳﻬﺰﻡ‬ ‫‪defeat‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺏ ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﺧﻞ‬ ‫‪door‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺟﺔ ‪ ،‬ﺷﻬﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫‪degree‬‬ ‫ﻣﺰﺩﻭﺝ ‪ ،‬ﻣﻀﺎﻋﻒ‬ ‫‪double‬‬ ‫ﻳﺆﺟﻞ‬ ‫‪delay‬‬ ‫ﺷﻚ ‪ ،‬ﻳﺸﻚ ‪ ،‬ﻳﺮﺗﺎﺏ‬ ‫‪doubt‬‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ ،‬ﻳﻌﺘﻤﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫‪depend‬‬ ‫ﲢﺖ‬ ‫‪down‬‬ ‫ﻳﻮﺩﻉ ‪ ،‬ﻋﺮﺑﻮﻥ‬ ‫‪deposit‬‬ ‫ﻳﺴﺤﺐ ‪ ،‬ﻳﺮﺳﻢ‬ ‫‪draw‬‬ ‫ﻳﺼﻒ‬ ‫‪describe‬‬ ‫ﺣﻠﻢ ‪ ،‬ﳛﻠﻢ‬ ‫‪dream‬‬ ‫ﺻﺤﺮﺍﺀ‬ ‫‪desert‬‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺮﻭﺏ ‪ ،‬ﻳﺸﺮﺏ‬ ‫‪drink‬‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ‪ ،‬ﻳﺼﻤﻢ‬ ‫‪design‬‬ ‫ﻳﻘﻮﺩ ‪ ،‬ﻳﺴﻮﻕ‬ ‫‪drive‬‬ ‫ﻳﻄﻮﺭ‬ ‫‪develop‬‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻑ ‪ ،‬ﳚﻔﻒ‬ ‫‪dry‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻣﻮﺱ‬ ‫‪dictionary‬‬ ‫ﺃﺛﻨﺎﺀ ‪ ،‬ﺧﻼﻝ‬ ‫‪during‬‬ ‫ﳝﻮﺕ‬ ‫‪die‬‬ ‫ﳐﺘﻠﻒ‬ ‫‪different‬‬ ‫‪E‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫‪‬ﺎﻳﺔ ‪ ،‬ﻳﻨﻬﻲ‬ ‫‪end‬‬ ‫ﺃﺫﻥ‬ ‫‪ear‬‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻢ ‪ ،‬ﻋﺪﻭ‬ ‫‪enemy‬‬ ‫ﻣﺒﻜﺮ‬ ‫‪early‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﰲ ‪ ،‬ﻳﻜﻔﻲ‬ ‫‪enough‬‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻕ‬ ‫‪east‬‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺎﻭﻱ ‪ ،‬ﻳﺴﺎﻭﻱ‬ ‫‪equal‬‬ ‫ﺳﻬﻞ‬ ‫‪easy‬‬ ‫ﺣﱴ‬ ‫‪even‬‬ ‫ﻳﺄﻛﻞ‬ ‫‪eat‬‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺎﺀ‬ ‫‪evening‬‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻀﺔ‬ ‫‪egg‬‬ ‫ﻳﺸﺮﺡ‬ ‫‪explain‬‬ ‫ﲦﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫‪eight‬‬ ‫ﻋﲔ‬ ‫‪eye‬‬ ‫ﺃﻱ ﻣﻦ ‪ ،‬ﺇﺣﺪﺍﳘﺎ‬ ‫‪either‬‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﻍ ‪ ،‬ﻳﻔﺮﻍ‬ ‫‪empty‬‬ ‫‪Omar AL-Hourani‬‬ ‫‪٥‬‬ ‫‪www.expressenglish.4t.com‬‬ ‫‪F‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﲰﻜﺔ‬ ‫‪fish‬‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻪ ‪ ،‬ﻳﻮﺍﺟﻪ‬ ‫‪face‬‬ ‫ﻳﻼﺋﻢ ‪ ،‬ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻟـ‬ ‫‪fit‬‬ ‫ﺍﳋﺮﻳﻒ ‪ ،‬ﻳﺴﻘﻂ‬ ‫‪fall‬‬ ‫ﲬﺴﺔ‬ ‫‪five‬‬ ‫ﺯﺍﺋﻒ‬ ‫‪false‬‬ ‫ﻳﺼﻠﺢ‬ ‫‪fix‬‬ ‫ﺑﻌﻴﺪ‬ ‫‪far‬‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻳﺔ ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻢ‬ ‫‪flag‬‬ ‫ﻣﺰﺭﻋﺔ‬ ‫‪farm‬‬ ‫ﺫﺑﺎﺑﺔ ‪ ،‬ﻳﻄﲑ‬ ‫‪fly‬‬ ‫ﲰﲔ‬ ‫‪fat‬‬ ‫ﻃﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫‪food‬‬ ‫ﺃﻧﺜﻰ‬ ‫‪female‬‬ ‫ﻗﺪﻡ‬ ‫‪foot‬‬ ‫ﳝﻼ ‪ ،‬ﳛﺸﻮ‬ ‫‪fill‬‬ ‫ﻳﻨﺴﻰ‬ ‫‪forget‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺎﺋﻲ‬ ‫‪final‬‬ ‫ﺷﻮﻛﺔ‬ ‫‪fork‬‬ ‫ﳚﺪ‬ ‫‪find‬‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺑﻌﺔ‬ ‫‪four‬‬ ‫ﺇﺻﺒﻊ‬ ‫‪finger‬‬ ‫ﺣﺮ ‪ ،‬ﳛﺮﺭ ‪ ،‬ﳎﺎﱐ‬ ‫‪free‬‬ ‫ﻳﻨﻬﻲ‬ ‫‪finish‬‬ ‫ﳑﺘﻠﻰﺀ‬ ‫‪full‬‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺭ‬ ‫‪fire‬‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﻘﺒﻞ‬ ‫‪future‬‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻝ‬ ‫‪first‬‬ ‫‪G‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﻣﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫‪gray‬‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺎﺓ‬ ‫‪girl‬‬ ‫ﻋﻈﻴﻢ‬ ‫‪great‬‬ ‫ﻳﻌﻄﻲ‬ ‫‪give‬‬ ‫ﺃﺧﻀﺮ‬ ‫‪green‬‬ ‫ﻳﺬﻫﺐ ‪ ،‬ﻳﻨﻄﻠﻖ‬ ‫‪go‬‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺪﻗﻴﺔ ‪ ،‬ﻣﺴﺪﺱ‬ ‫‪gun‬‬ ‫ﺫﻫﺐ‬ ‫‪gold‬‬ ‫ﺟﻴﺪ‬ ‫‪good‬‬ ‫‪Omar AL-Hourani‬‬ ‫‪٦‬‬ ‫‪www.expressenglish.4t.com‬‬ ‫‪H‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺛﻘﺐ ‪ ،‬ﺣﻔﺮﺓ‬ ‫‪hole‬‬ ‫ﺷﻌﺮ‬ ‫‪hair‬‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺖ ‪ ،‬ﻣﱰﻝ‬ ‫‪home‬‬ ‫ﻳﺪ‬ ‫‪hand‬‬ ‫ﺃﻣﻞ ‪ ،‬ﻳﺄﻣﻞ‬ ‫‪hope‬‬ ‫ﺳﻌﻴﺪ‬ ‫‪happy‬‬ ‫ﺣﺼﺎﻥ‬ ‫‪horse‬‬ ‫ﺻﻌﺐ‬ ‫‪hard‬‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﺸﻔﻰ‬ ‫‪hospital‬‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫‪hat‬‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺭ‬ ‫‪hot‬‬ ‫ﳝﻠﻚ‬ ‫‪have‬‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺪﻕ‬ ‫‪hotel‬‬ ‫ﻫﻮ‬ ‫‪he‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫‪hour‬‬ ‫ﺭﺃﺱ‬ ‫‪head‬‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺖ ‪ ،‬ﻣﱰﻝ‬ ‫‪house‬‬ ‫ﻳﺴﻤﻊ‬ ‫‪hear‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻒ ‪ ،‬ﻛﻢ‬ ‫‪how‬‬ ‫ﻗﻠﺐ‬ ‫‪heart‬‬ ‫ﻳﺆﱂ ‪ ،‬ﳚﺮﺡ‬ ‫‪hurt‬‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎ‬ ‫‪here‬‬ ‫ﻋﺎﱄ‬ ‫‪high‬‬ ‫‪I‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻮﻥ‬ ‫‪is‬‬ ‫ﺃﻧﺎ‬ ‫‪I‬‬ ‫ﺟﺰﻳﺮﺓ‬ ‫‪island‬‬ ‫ﺛﻠﺞ‬ ‫‪ice‬‬ ‫ﺿﻤﲑ ﻣﻔﺮﺩ ﻟﻐﲑ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻗﻞ‬ ‫‪it‬‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻳﺾ‬ ‫‪ill‬‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻢ‬ ‫‪important‬‬ ‫‪Omar AL-Hourani‬‬ ‫‪٧‬‬ ‫‪www.expressenglish.4t.com‬‬ ‫‪J‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻞ ‪ ،‬ﺷﻐﻞ ‪ ،‬ﻭﻇﻴﻔﺔ‬ ‫‪job‬‬ ‫ﻏﻴﻮﺭ‬ ‫‪jealous‬‬ ‫ﻏﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫‪jungle‬‬ ‫ﻳﺮﺑﻂ ‪ ،‬ﻳﺼﻞ‬ ‫‪join‬‬ ‫‪K‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﻛﺒﺔ‬ ‫‪knee‬‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺘﺎﺡ‬ ‫‪key‬‬ ‫ﺳﻜﲔ‬ ‫‪knife‬‬ ‫ﻳﻘﺘﻞ‬ ‫‪kill‬‬ ‫ﻳﻌﺮﻑ ‪ ،‬ﻳﻌﻠﻢ‬ ‫‪know‬‬ ‫ﻟﻄﻴﻒ ‪ ،‬ﻧﻮﻉ‬ ‫‪kind‬‬ ‫‪L‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻳﺼﻐﻲ ‪ ،‬ﻳﻨﺼﺖ‬ ‫‪listen‬‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺪﺓ‬ ‫‪lady‬‬ ‫ﻗﻠﻴﻞ ‪ ،‬ﺻﻐﲑ‬ ‫‪little‬‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺽ‬ ‫‪land‬‬ ‫ﻳﻌﻴﺶ ‪ ،‬ﻳﻘﻴﻢ ‪ ،‬ﳛﺐ‬ ‫‪live‬‬ ‫ﻟﻐﺔ‬ ‫‪language‬‬ ‫ﺷﻔﺔ‬ ‫‪lip‬‬ ‫ﺁﺧ‪‬ﺮ‬ ‫‪last‬‬ ‫ﻃﻮﻳﻞ‬ ‫‪long‬‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻌﻠﻢ‬ ‫‪learn‬‬ ‫ﻳﻨﻈﺮ ‪ ،‬ﻳﺮﺍﻗﺐ‬ ‫‪look‬‬ ‫ﻳﻐﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫‪leave‬‬ ‫ﳜﺴﺮ ‪ ،‬ﻳﻀﻴﻊ‬ ‫‪lose‬‬ ‫ﻳﺴﺎﺭ‬ ‫‪left‬‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻝ ‪ ،‬ﻣﺮﺗﻔﻊ ‪ ،‬ﺻﺎﺧﺐ‬ ‫‪loud‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻕ‬ ‫‪leg‬‬ ‫ﺣ‪‬ﺐ ‪ ،‬ﳛﺐ‬ ‫‪love‬‬ ‫ﺃﻗﻞ‬ ‫‪less‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺨﻔﺾ‬ ‫‪low‬‬ ‫ﻣﺜﻞ ‪ ،‬ﻳﺮﻏﺐ‬ ‫‪like‬‬ ‫ﺧﻂ‬ ‫‪line‬‬ ‫‪Omar AL-Hourani‬‬ ‫‪٨‬‬ ‫‪www.expressenglish.4t.com‬‬ ‫‪M‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﻤﺮ‬ ‫‪moon‬‬ ‫ﻳﻌﻤﻞ ‪ ،‬ﻳﺼﻨﻊ‬ ‫‪make‬‬ ‫ﺻﺒﺎﺡ‬ ‫‪morning‬‬ ‫ﺫﻛﺮ‬ ‫‪male‬‬ ‫ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﻈﻢ‬ ‫‪most‬‬ ‫ﺭﺟﻞ‬ ‫‪man‬‬ ‫ﺃﻡ‬ ‫‪mother‬‬ ‫ﻛﺜﲑ ‪ ،‬ﻋﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫‪many‬‬ ‫ﻛﺜﲑ‬ ‫‪much‬‬ ‫ﻳﺘﺰﻭﺝ‬ ‫‪marry‬‬ ‫ﻓﻢ‬ ‫‪mouth‬‬ ‫ﺭﲟﺎ‬ ‫‪may‬‬ ‫ﳚﺐ ‪ ،‬ﻳﺘﻮﺟﺐ‬ ‫‪mush‬‬ ‫ﻣﺰﻳﺞ ‪ ،‬ﳝﺰﺝ ‪ ،‬ﳜﻠﻂ‬ ‫‪mix‬‬ ‫‪N‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﻌﺔ‬ ‫‪nine‬‬ ‫ﻇﻔﺮ ‪ ،‬ﻣﺴﻤﺎﺭ‬ ‫‪nail‬‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫‪no‬‬ ‫ﺿﻴﻖ ‪ ،‬ﻳﻀﻴﻖ‬ ‫‪narrow‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻈﻬﺮ ‪ ،‬ﻣﻨﺘﺼﻒ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﺭ‬ ‫‪noon‬‬ ‫ﻗﺮﻳﺐ ‪ ،‬ﻳﻘﺘﺮﺏ‬ ‫‪near‬‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫‪normal‬‬ ‫ﺿﺮﻭﺭﻱ‬ ‫‪necessary‬‬ ‫ﴰﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪north‬‬ ‫ﺭﻗﺒﺔ‬ ‫‪neck‬‬ ‫ﺃﻧﻒ‬ ‫‪nose‬‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺟﺔ ‪ ،‬ﳛﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫‪need‬‬ ‫ﻻﺷﻲﺀ‬ ‫‪nothing‬‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻜﺔ‬ ‫‪net‬‬ ‫ﺍﻵﻥ‬ ‫‪now‬‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫‪new‬‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻢ ‪ ،‬ﻋﺪﺩ‬ ‫‪number‬‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫‪night‬‬ ‫‪Omar AL-Hourani‬‬ ‫‪٩‬‬ ‫‪www.expressenglish.4t.com‬‬ ‫‪O‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻳﻔﺘﺢ‬ ‫‪open‬‬ ‫ﻣﻜﺘﺐ‬ ‫‪office‬‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ ‪ ،‬ﺃﻣﺎﻡ‬ ‫‪opposite‬‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺖ ‪ ،‬ﻧﻔﻂ‬ ‫‪oil‬‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫‪or‬‬ ‫ﻛﺒﲑ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺴﻦ ‪ ،‬ﻗﺪﱘ‬ ‫‪old‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺗﻘﺎﻝ ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺗﻘﺎﱄ‬ ‫‪orange‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪ‬ ‫‪one‬‬ ‫ﺁﺧﺮ ‪ ،‬ﻏﲑ ‪ ،‬ﺧﻼﻑ‬ ‫‪other‬‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻂ‬ ‫‪only‬‬ ‫‪P‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻃﺒﻖ ‪ ،‬ﺻﺤﻦ‬ ‫‪plate‬‬ ‫ﳝﺮ ‪ ،‬ﻳﺘﺠﺎﻭﺯ‬ ‫‪pass‬‬ ‫ﻳﻠﻌﺐ‬ ‫‪play‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺿﻲ‬ ‫‪past‬‬ ‫ﻳﺴﺮ ‪ ،‬ﻳﺮﺿﻲ‬ ‫‪please‬‬ ‫ﻳﺪﻓﻊ‬ ‫‪pay‬‬ ‫ﻓﻘﲑ‬ ‫‪poor‬‬ ‫ﻗﻠﻢ‬ ‫‪pen‬‬ ‫ﳑﻜﻦ ‪ ،‬ﳏﺘﻤﻞ‬ ‫‪possible‬‬ ‫ﻗﻠﻢ ﺭﺻﺎﺹ‬ ‫‪pencil‬‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺹ‬ ‫‪private‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫‪people‬‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻡ ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸﺎﻉ ‪ ،‬ﲨﻬﻮﺭ‬ ‫‪public‬‬ ‫ﺻﻮﺭﺓ‬ ‫‪picture‬‬ ‫ﻳﻀﻊ‬ ‫‪put‬‬ ‫ﺧﱰﻳﺮ‬ ‫‪pig‬‬ ‫ﻃﺎﺋﺮﺓ‬ ‫‪plane‬‬ ‫‪Q‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺳﺆﺍﻝ‬ ‫‪question‬‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫‪quantity‬‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻳﻊ‬ ‫‪quick‬‬ ‫ﺭﺑﻊ‬ ‫‪quarter‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻒ ﻋﻦ ﻋﻤﻠﻪ ‪ ،‬ﻳﻐﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫‪quit‬‬ ‫ﺃﻣﲑﺓ‬ ‫‪queen‬‬ ‫ﲤﺎﻣﹰﺎ ‪ ،‬ﺇﱃ ﺣﺪ ﺑﻌﻴﺪ‬ ‫‪quite‬‬ ‫ﲝﺚ ‪ ،‬ﲢﻘﻴﻖ ‪ ،‬ﻳﺒﺤﺚ ﻋﻦ‬ ‫‪quest‬‬ ‫‪Omar AL-Hourani‬‬ ‫‪١٠‬‬ ‫‪www.expressenglish.4t.com‬‬ ‫‪R‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﺟﺎﺑﺔ ‪ ،‬ﳚﻴﺐ‬ ‫‪reply‬‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺮ ‪ ،‬ﲤﻄﺮ‬ ‫‪rain‬‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺆﻭﻝ ﻋﻦ‬ ‫‪responsible‬‬ ‫ﻳﻘﺮﺃ‬ ‫‪read‬‬ ‫ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ‪ ،‬ﳝﲔ‬ ‫‪right‬‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻫﺰ‬ ‫‪ready‬‬ ‫ﻏﺮﻓﺔ ‪ ،‬ﺣﻴﺰ‬ ‫‪room‬‬ ‫ﺃﲪﺮ‬ ‫‪red‬‬ ‫ﻳﺮﻛﺾ‬ ‫‪run‬‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺩﻱ ‪ ،‬ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻲ‬ ‫‪regular‬‬ ‫‪S‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻳﺒﻄﻰﺀ ‪ ،‬ﻳﺘﻤﻬﻞ‬ ‫‪slow‬‬ ‫ﺣﺰﻳﻦ‬ ‫‪sad‬‬ ‫ﺻﻐﲑ‬ ‫‪small‬‬ ‫ﺁﻣﻦ‬ ‫‪safe‬‬ ‫ﺍﺑﺘﺴﺎﻣﺔ ‪ ،‬ﻳﺒﺘﺴﻢ‬ ‫‪smile‬‬ ‫ﲣﻔﻴﺾ ‪ ،‬ﻳﺒﺤﺮ ‪ ،‬ﳜﻔﺾ‬ ‫‪sail‬‬ ‫ﺩﺧﺎﻥ ‪ ،‬ﻳﺪﺧﻦ‬ ‫‪smoke‬‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺎﺑﻖ ‪ ،‬ﻧﻔﺲ ﺍﻟﺸﻲﺀ‬ ‫‪same‬‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻋﻢ ‪ ،‬ﻃﺮﻱ‬ ‫‪soft‬‬ ‫ﻳﻘﻮﻝ‬ ‫‪say‬‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺾ‬ ‫‪some‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﺭﺳﺔ‬ ‫‪school‬‬ ‫ﺃﻏﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫‪song‬‬ ‫ﲝﺮ‬ ‫‪sea‬‬ ‫ﺻﻮﺕ‬ ‫‪sound‬‬ ‫ﻳﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫‪search‬‬ ‫ﺟﻨﻮﺏ‬ ‫‪south‬‬ ‫ﺛﺎﱐ ‪ ،‬ﺛﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫‪second‬‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻜﻠﻢ‬ ‫‪speak‬‬ ‫ﺳﺮ‬ ‫‪secret‬‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺹ‬ ‫‪special‬‬ ‫ﻳﺮﻯ‬ ‫‪see‬‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻬﺠﻰ‬ ‫‪spell‬‬ ‫ﻳﺮﺳﻞ‬ ‫‪send‬‬ ‫ﻳﻨﻔﻖ ‪ ،‬ﳝﻀﻲ‬ ‫‪spend‬‬ ‫ﺟﺎﺩ ‪ ،‬ﺟﺪﻱ‬ ‫‪serious‬‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻌﻘﺔ‬ ‫‪spoon‬‬ ‫ﳚﻠﺲ ‪ ،‬ﻳﺮﺗﺐ‬ ‫‪set‬‬ ‫ﺭﺑﻴﻊ ‪ ،‬ﺯﻧﱪﻙ ‪ ،‬ﻳﻨﺒﻮﻉ‬ ‫‪spring‬‬ ‫ﺳﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫‪seven‬‬ ‫ﻗﻒ ‪ ،‬ﻳﻘﻮﻡ‬ ‫‪stand‬‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺩ ‪ ،‬ﺫﻛﻲ‬ ‫‪sharp‬‬ ‫‪Omar AL-Hourani‬‬ ‫‪١١‬‬ ‫‪www.expressenglish.4t.com‬‬ she ‫ﻫﻲ‬ star ‫ﳒﻤﺔ‬ ship ‫ﺳﻔﻴﻨﺔ‬ start ‫ﻳﺒﺪﺃ‬ shirt ‫ﻗﻤﻴﺺ‬ stick ‫ﻳﻠﺼﻖ‬ shoe ‫ ﺣﺬﺍﺀ‬، ‫ﻧﻌﻞ‬ stomach ‫ﻣﻌﺪﺓ‬ short ‫ﻗﺼﲑ‬ store ‫ ﳜﺰﻥ‬، ‫ﳏﻞ‬ shut ‫ﻳﻐﻠﻖ‬ story ‫ﻗﺼﺔ‬ side ‫ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬، ‫ﺟﺎﻧﺐ‬ strange ‫ﻏﺮﻳﺐ‬ sign ‫ ﻳﻮﻗﻊ‬، ‫ ﺭﻣﺰ‬، ‫ﻻﻓﺘﺔ‬ street ‫ﺷﺎﺭﻉ‬ silver ‫ ﻓﻀﺔ‬، ‫ﻓﻀﻲ‬ strong ‫ﻗﻮﻱ‬ simple ‫ﺑﺴﻴﻂ‬ study ‫ ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ‬، ‫ﻳﺪﺭﺱ‬ single ‫ ﻣﻔﺮﺩ‬، ‫ﺃﻋﺰﺏ‬ sudden ‫ﻣﻔﺎﺟﻰﺀ‬ sister ‫ ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺔ‬، ‫ ﳑﺮﺿﺔ‬، ‫ﺃﺧﺖ‬ sugar ‫ﺳﻜﺮ‬ sit ‫ ﻳﻘﻌﺪ‬، ‫ﳚﻠﺲ‬ summer ‫ﺻﻴﻒ‬ six ‫ﺳﺘﺔ‬ sun ‫ﴰﺲ‬ size ‫ ﻣﻘﺎﺱ‬، ‫ﻗﻴﺎﺱ‬ sure ‫ﺃﻛﻴﺪ‬ skin ‫ﺟﻠﺪ‬ sweet ‫ﺣﻠﻮ‬ sky ‫ﲰﺎﺀ‬ swim ‫ﻳﺴﺒﺢ‬ sleep ‫ﻳﻨﺎﻡ‬ T ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ table ‫ﻃﺎﻭﻟﺔ‬ time ‫ﻭﻗﺖ‬ take ‫ﻳﺄﺧﺬ‬ tired ‫ﺘﻌﺐ‬‫ﻣ‬ talk ‫ﻳﺘﻜﻠﻢ‬ together ‫ﻣﻌﹰﺎ‬ tall ‫ﻃﻮﻳﻞ‬ tomorrow ‫ﻏﺪﹰﺍ‬ teach ‫ ﻳﻌﻠﻢ‬، ‫ﻳﺪﺭﺱ‬ tongue ‫ﻟﺴﺎﻥ‬ www.expressenglish.4t.com ١٢ Omar AL-Hourani ‫ﺳﻦ‬ ‫‪tooth‬‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻳﻖ‬ ‫‪team‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ ‪ ،‬ﺑﻠﺪﺓ‬ ‫‪town‬‬ ‫ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ‪ ،‬ﳜﱪ ‪ ،‬ﻳﺮﻭﻱ‬ ‫‪tell‬‬ ‫ﻗﻄﺎﺭ‬ ‫‪train‬‬ ‫ﻋﺸﺮﺓ‬ ‫‪ten‬‬ ‫ﻳﺘﺮﺟﻢ‬ ‫‪translate‬‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭ ‪ ،‬ﳜﺘﱪ‬ ‫‪test‬‬ ‫ﻳﺴﺎﻓﺮ ‪ ،‬ﺳﻔﺮ‬ ‫‪travel‬‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻚ ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬ ‫‪that‬‬ ‫ﻃﺒﻖ ﺍﻟﻄﻌﺎﻡ ‪ ،‬ﺻﻴﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫‪tray‬‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬ ‫‪there‬‬ ‫ﺷﺠﺮﺓ‬ ‫‪tree‬‬ ‫ﻫﻢ‬ ‫‪they‬‬ ‫ﺣﻘﻴﻘﻲ ‪ ،‬ﺻﺎﺩﻕ‬ ‫‪true‬‬ ‫ﺷﻲﺀ‬ ‫‪thing‬‬ ‫ﳛﺎﻭﻝ‬ ‫‪try‬‬ ‫ﻳﻔﻜﺮ ‪ ،‬ﻳﻌﺘﻘﺪ ‪ ،‬ﻳﻈﻦ‬ ‫‪think‬‬ ‫ﻳﻠﻒ ‪ ،‬ﻳﺪﻳﺮ ‪ ،‬ﳛﻮﻝ‬ ‫‪turn‬‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫‪this‬‬ ‫ﺍﺛﻨﲔ‬ ‫‪two‬‬ ‫ﺛﻼﺛﺔ‬ ‫‪three‬‬ ‫ﻧﻮﻉ ‪ ،‬ﻳﻄﺒﻊ‬ ‫‪type‬‬ ‫ﺣﻠﻖ‬ ‫‪throat‬‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺖ‬ ‫‪time‬‬ ‫ﺧﻼﻝ ‪ ،‬ﺑﻮﺍﺳﻄﺔ‬ ‫‪through‬‬ ‫ﺑﻄﺎﻗﺔ ‪ ،‬ﺗﺬﻛﺮﺓ‬ ‫‪ticket‬‬ ‫‪U‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻳﺴﺘﺨﺪﻡ ‪ ،‬ﻳﺴﺘﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫‪use‬‬ ‫ﻣﻈﻠﺔ‬ ‫‪umbrella‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺘﺎﺩ ‪ ،‬ﻣﺄﻟﻮﻑ‬ ‫‪usual‬‬ ‫ﻳﻔﻬﻢ‬ ‫‪understand‬‬ ‫‪V‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻧﺼﺮ‬ ‫‪victory‬‬ ‫ﺇﺟﺎﺯﺓ‬ ‫‪vacation‬‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﺯ ﻓﻴﺪﻳﻮ‬ ‫‪video‬‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻋﻲ ‪ ،‬ﺻﺎﱀ ‪ ،‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﱐ‬ ‫‪valid‬‬ ‫ﺭﺅﻳﺔ ‪ ،‬ﻣﻨﻈﺮ ‪ ،‬ﻳﺸﺎﻫﺪ‬ ‫‪view‬‬ ‫ﺃﳘﻴﺔ‬ ‫‪value‬‬ ‫ﻗﺮﻳﺔ‬ ‫‪village‬‬ ‫ﻳﻐﲑ ‪ ،‬ﻳﺘﻐﲑ‬ ‫‪vary‬‬ ‫‪Omar AL-Hourani‬‬ ‫‪١٣‬‬ ‫‪www.expressenglish.4t.com‬‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺋﻲ‬ ‫‪visible‬‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻨﻮﻉ‬ ‫‪various‬‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺖ ‪ ،‬ﺍﻗﺘﺮﺍﻉ ‪ ،‬ﻳﻘﺘﺮﻉ‬ ‫‪vote‬‬ ‫ﺟﺪﹰﺍ‬ ‫‪very‬‬ ‫‪W‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﱵ ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎ ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬ ‫‪which‬‬ ‫ﻳﻨﺘﻈﺮ‬ ‫‪wait‬‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻨﻤﺎ ‪ ،‬ﺣﻴﺜﻤﺎ‬ ‫‪while‬‬ ‫ﻳﺴﺘﻴﻘﻆ ‪ ،‬ﻳﻨﻬﺾ‬ ‫‪wake up‬‬ ‫ﺃﺑﻴﺾ‬ ‫‪white‬‬ ‫ﺟﺪﺍﺭ‬ ‫‪wall‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ‪ ،‬ﻣﻦ ﻫﻮ‬ ‫‪who‬‬ ‫ﻳﺮﻳﺪ‬ ‫‪want‬‬ ‫ﳌﺎﺫﺍ‬ ‫‪why‬‬ ‫ﺣﺮﺏ‬ ‫‪war‬‬ ‫ﺯﻭﺟﺔ‬ ‫‪wife‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﰱﺀ‬ ‫‪warm‬‬ ‫ﺳﻮﻑ ‪ ،‬ﻭﺻﻴﺔ ‪ ،‬ﻳﺮﻏﺐ‬ ‫‪will‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻥ‬ ‫‪was‬‬ ‫ﻳﺮﺑﺢ ‪ ،‬ﻳﻔﻮﺯ‬ ‫‪win‬‬ ‫ﻳﻐﺴﻞ ‪ ،‬ﻳﻐﺘﺴﻞ‬ ‫‪wash‬‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻓﺬﺓ‬ ‫‪window‬‬ ‫ﻳﺮﻗﺐ ‪ ،‬ﳛﺮﺱ ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﻋﺔ ﻳﺪ‬ ‫‪watch‬‬ ‫ﺷﺘﺎﺀ‬ ‫‪winter‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺀ ‪ ،‬ﻳﺮﻭﻱ‬ ‫‪water‬‬ ‫ﺣﻜﻴﻢ‬ ‫‪wise‬‬ ‫ﻃﺮﻳﻖ‬ ‫‪way‬‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬ ‫‪with‬‬ ‫ﳓﻦ‬ ‫‪we‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﺃﺓ‬ ‫‪woman‬‬ ‫ﺿﻌﻴﻒ ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻫﻦ‬ ‫‪weak‬‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫‪word‬‬ ‫ﻳﺮﺗﺪﻱ ‪ ،‬ﻳﻠﺒﺲ‬ ‫‪wear‬‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻞ ‪ ،‬ﺷﻐﻞ‬ ‫‪work‬‬ ‫ﺃﺳﺒﻮﻉ‬ ‫‪week‬‬ ‫ﻋﺎﱂ ‪ ،‬ﺩﻧﻴﺎ‬ ‫‪world‬‬ ‫ﺟﻴﺪﹰﺍ ‪ ،‬ﲤﺎﻣﹰﺎ‬ ‫‪well‬‬ ‫ﻗﻠﻖ ‪ ،‬ﻳﻘﻠﻖ‬ ‫‪worry‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ‬ ‫‪were‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜﺘﺐ‬ ‫‪write‬‬ ‫ﻏﺮﺏ‬ ‫‪west‬‬ ‫ﺧﻄﺄ‬ ‫‪wrong‬‬ ‫ﺭﻃﺐ ‪ ،‬ﻣﺒﺘﻞ‬ ‫‪wet‬‬ ‫ﺃﻱ ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﱵ ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎ ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬ ‫‪which‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎ‬ ‫‪what‬‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻨﻤﺎ ‪ ،‬ﺣﻴﺜﻤﺎ‬ ‫‪while‬‬ ‫ﻣﱴ ‪ ،‬ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ‬ ‫‪when‬‬ ‫‪Omar AL-Hourani‬‬ ‫‪١٤‬‬ ‫‪www.expressenglish.4t.com‬‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻦ ‪ ،‬ﺣﻴﺚ‬ ‫‪where‬‬ ‫‪Y‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻣﺲ‬ ‫‪yesterday‬‬ ‫ﺳﻨﺔ‬ ‫‪year‬‬ ‫ﺃﻧﺖ‬ ‫‪you‬‬ ‫ﺃﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫‪yellow‬‬ ‫ﺷﺎﺏ ‪ ،‬ﺻﻐﲑ ﺳﻦ‬ ‫‪young‬‬ ‫ﻧﻌﻢ‬ ‫‪yes‬‬ ‫‪Z‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺪﻳﻘﺔ ﺍﳊﻴﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫‪zoo‬‬ ‫ﲪﺎﺭ ﻭﺣﺸﻲ‬ ‫‪zebra‬‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺮ‬ ‫‪zero‬‬ ‫‪Omar AL-Hourani‬‬ ‫‪١٥‬‬ ‫‪www.expressenglish.4t.com‬‬
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Xem thêm: NGỮ PHÁP TIẾNG ANH CỰC KỲ HAY, NGỮ PHÁP TIẾNG ANH CỰC KỲ HAY

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