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PASSIVE VOICE I Tóm tắt giảng A Khái niệm câu chủ động bị động: a Câu chủ động: Là câuchủ ngữ chủ thể tạo hành động Câu chủ động dùng biết rõ chủ thể hành động Ví dụ: People speak English all over the world b Câu bị động: Là câuchủ ngữ người hay vật chịu tác động hành động Câu chủ động dùng ta rõ chủ thể hành động có biết người nói muốn nhấn mạnh tới đối tượng tới chủ thể hành động Ví dụ: English is spoken all over the world Lưu ý: Khơng phải chủ ngữ người chủ động, chủ ngữ vật bị động Ví dụ: The students were punished yesterday Hanoi has changed a lot in the past five years B Quy tắc chuyển câu chủ động sang câu bị động: *Quy tắc chung: To be + Past participle Xác định ngữ pháp câu chủ động để tìm thể bị động tương ứng Xác định tân ngữ câu chủ động để rút làm chủ ngữ câu bị động Nếu câu có hai tân ngữ chuyển thành hai câu bị động thơng thường ta chọn tân ngữ người Simple present: S + V (s/es) + Object S + am/is/are + PII + by + O Trong câu bị động, tân ngữ không xác định (people, them, someone, him, her …) bỏ Eg: - They sweep the streets every night => The streets are swept (by them) every night - We don't water the flowers in the morning => The flowers are not watered in the morning - What they call the new hotel? => what is the hotel called? This well- known library attracts many people => We don't watch films in the evening => We don't often help her with the housework => Do they grow rice and wheat in the North of England? => Present continuous: S + am/is/are + V_ing + Object S + am/is/are + being + PII + by + O Ví dụ: - They are building a bridge over the river = > A bridge is being built over the river by them - He isn't decorating the room today => The room isn't being decorated - Are they upgrading the road leading to the city centre? => Is the road leading to the city centre being upgraded by them? He is preparing everything for the presidential election => Is she translating an article from English into Vietnamese? => 3.The Prime Minister isn't making a speech at the moment => They are doing a physical experiment in the laboratory => Are they digging a pond in the garden? => Present perfect: S + have/has + PII + Object S + have/has + been + PII + by + O Ví dụ: - The terrorist has kept three hostages for a week => Three hostages have been kept by the terrorist for a week - We haven't found out a remedy to cure AIDS => A remedy hasn't been found out to cure AIDS A group of students have met their friend at the railway station => No one has ever known him to be dishonest => Mr.Smith has taught us French for years => They have moved nothing in your room since they sent you to hospital => Have you typed all the letters ? => Lưu ý: Thì hồn thành tiếp diễn khơng có dạng bị động Simple past: S + Past of verb (V-ed / PIrregular) + Object S + was/ were + PII + by + O Eg - The thieves broke into the house - The house was broken into by the thieves They didn’t allow Tom to take these books home => No one found my key => When did they found this organization? => 4.They didn't look after the children properly => 5.Nobody swept this street last week => Past continuous: S + was/were + V- ing + Object S + was/ were + being + PII + by + O Eg - They were doing a physical experiment when I was there - A physical experiment was being done by them when I was there Tom was writing poems => Workers were digging a larger hole in the ground => When I was there, they were building a bridge over the river => 4.The statue broke while they were moving it to another room in the museum => Were they interviewing him when you came? => Past perfect: S + had + PII + Object S + had + been + PII + by + O Eg: - Nobody told me that they had discharged John from hospital - I was not told that John had been discharged from hospital After he had told a story, we clapped our hands => They had taken the victim to hospital before the police came => Had they pulled down the building to make way for a new road before you came back? => She hadn't informed me of the date of the meeting before another classmate of mine told me about it => 5.Someone had invented electric lights before I was born => Lưu ý: Khơng có bị động q khứ hồn thành tiếp diễn Simle future: S + will/shall + V + Object S + will/shall + be + PII + by + Object Eg: - They will change the date of the meeting again - The date of the meeting will be changed again by them The examiner will read the passage three times => They will pick me up at my house at o'clock tomorrow morning => The teacher won't corrert exercise tomorrow => My cousin will meet you at the station => I will not forgive her for the serious mistake she has made => Lưu ý: Thì tương lai tiếp diễn khơng có dạng bị động Future perfect: S + will/shall have + PII + Object S + will/shall have been + PII + by + Object Eg: - By the time you come back, they will have finished the project - By the time you come back, the project will have been finished By the time you come back here in years' time, they will have knocked down those houses => " We will have liberated the South of Vietnam before the rainy season." The commander said => By the end of this year, we will have upgraded all the roads in the city => Don't phone us at 10 pm tonight I won't have finished my work by then => How many letters will she have typed before the boss comes back? => II Bài nhà Exercise Make the sentences passive: Somebody cleans the office every day Somebody sends emails Somebody cuts the grass Somebody prefers chocolate Somebody often steals cars Somebody plays loud music Somebody speaks English here Somebody loves the London parks Somebody wants staff 10 Somebody writes articles 11 People speak Portuguese in Brazil 12 The Government is planning a new road near my house 13 My grandfather built this house in 1943 14 Picasso was painting Guernica at that time 15 The cleaner has cleaned the office 16 He had written three books before 1867 17 John will tell you later 18 By this time tomorrow we will have signed the deal 19 Somebody should the work 20 The traffic might have delayed Jimmy 21 Everybody loves Mr Brown 22 They are building a new stadium near the station 23 The wolf ate the princess 24 At six o’clock someone was telling a story 25 Somebody has drunk all the milk! 26 I had cleaned all the windows before the storm 27 A workman will repair the computer tomorrow 28 By next year the students will have studied the passive 29 James might cook dinner 30 Somebody must have taken my wallet Exercise 2: The Passive: Verbs with Two Objects This time there are two answers: John gave a bar of chocolate to Jill a: b: I lent a pencil to Graham a: b: Fiona told the truth to Julian a: b: They offered the job to Simon a: b: The boss showed the new computer to Anna a: b: _ Julie taught the grammar to the students a: b: I sent the email to John a: b: Lucy threw the ball to the child a: b: Sophia sold the car to a doctor a: b: 10 I asked the question to David a: b: KEY Exercise 1 The office is cleaned every day Emails are sent The grass is cut Chocolate is preferred Cars are often stolen Loud music is played English is spoken here The London parks are loved Staff are wanted 10 Articles are written 11 Portuguese is spoken in Brazil 12 A new road is being planned near my house 13 This house was built (by my grandfather) in 1943 14 Guernica was being painted (by Picasso) at that time 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 The office has been cleaned Three books had been written before 1867 You will be told (by John) later By this time tomorrow the deal will have been signed The work should be done Jimmy might have been delayed (by the traffic) Mr Brown is loved (by everybody) A new stadium is being built near the station The princess was eaten (by the wolf) At six o’clock a story was being told All the milk has been drunk! All the windows had been cleaned (by me) before the storm The computer will be repaired tomorrow By next year the passive will have been studied (by the students) Dinner might be cooked (by James) My wallet must have been taken Exercise a: Jill was given a bar of chocolate (by John) b: A bar of chocolate was given to Jill (by John) a: Graham was lent a pencil (by me) b: A pencil was lent to Graham (by me) a: Julian was told the truth (by Fiona) b: The truth was told to Julian (by Fiona) a: Simon was offered the job (by them) b: The job was offered to Simon (by them) a: Anna was shown the new computer (by the boss) b: The new computer was shown to Anna (by the boss) a: The students were taught the grammar (by Julie) b: The grammar was taught to the students (by Julie) a: John was sent the email (by me) b: The email was sent to John (by me) a: The child was thrown the ball (by Lucy) b: The ball was thrown to the child (by Lucy) a: A doctor was sold the car (by Sophia) b: The car was sold to a doctor (by Sophia) 10 a: David was asked the question (by me) b: The question was asked to David (by me) 18 19 20 21 22 23 Phong may be elected their leader by the students Papers written in pencils won’t be accepted by the teacher Some interesting places might be visited after Sea-Games by the athletes Their house has to be cleaned up before Tet holidays by Lan’s parents She might be interviewed by the principal Fruit must be kept in the fridge for long Exercise had our kitchen redecorated had her tonsils taken out 've just had these walls 'm having it fixed should have your hair cut have the air conditioning repaired had my purse stolen Exercise clean, cleaned to wash, washed to study carry buy playing to eat cook PASSIVE VOICE – PHẦN I Tóm tắt giảng Bị động đặc biệt: Một số động từ quy định: say, believe, think, consider, report, know, expect, understand, allege, acknowledge, estimate, rumour, explain, assume, presume, suppose, announce dùng với hai cấu trúc sau:  Cấu trúc 1: It is/was + Past participle + that + clause People say that he is 100 years old => It is said that he is 100 years old People expect that the strike will end soon => It is expected that the strike will end soon Everybody says that there is a secret tunnel between those two houses => It is said that there is a secret tunnel between those two houses Chú ý: Cấu trúc tương đương với câu chủ độngchủ ngữ số nhiều với nghĩa nói chung: people, everybody…  Cấu trúc 2: S + Be + Past participle + to + Verb (1) Be + V-ing (2) Have + Past Participle (3) Have been + V-ing (4)  Dùng (1) động từ mệnh đề phụ chia đơn, tương lai đơn: He is said to be 100 years old The strike is expected to end soon There is said to be a secret tunnel between those two houses People said that he was a dedicated worker => He was said to be a dedicated worker  Dùng (2) động từ mệnh đề phụ chia tiếp diễn, tương lai tiếp diễn: They think that the terrorists are hiding in the mountain => The terrorists are thought to be hiding in the mountain People believe that she is studying abroad => She is believed to be studying abroad  Dùng (3) động từ mệnh đề phụ chia hồn thành, q khứ đơn: People say that he escaped to a neutral country => He is said to have escaped to a neutral country People think that she has made progress in her studies => She is thought to have made progress in her studies People allge that he stole the money => He is alleged to have stolen the money  Dùng (4) động từ mệnh đề phụ chia hoàn thành tiếp diễn, tương lai hoàn thành tiếp diễn: People say that he has been playing football since he was 5.=> He is said to have been playing football since he was Chú ý: Be supposed to ( do) dùng theo hai nghĩa sau: Tương đương nghĩa với Be said to (do): “ Được cho rằng” - This film is said/supposed to be very interesting - Why was he arrested? He was supposed to have kicked a policeman Để nói bổn phận nghĩa vụ phải làm tương đương với cấu trúc: It’s sb’s duty to sth - It’s her duty to make tea at o’clock => She is supposed to make tea at o’clock - It’s his duty to lock the door after the school finishes => He is supposed to lock… Chú ý: đơi was / were supposed to dùng để nói kế hoạch, xếp thường khác so với thức tế xảy ra: - The train was supposed to arrive at 11.30 but it was an hour late - You were supposed to clean the windows Why didn’t you it? Passive gerund ( Danh động từ bị động) Form: Being + Past participle Present: being written /done/ made… Past: having been written/done/ made… Need to : Cần làm ( nghĩa chủ động) Ví dụ: You need to work harder Need doing = need to be done : Cần làm ( khơng có khác dùng với vật) - This car needs to be serviced / this car needs servicing - I need to clean my shirt because it needs cleaning/ to be cleaned Ở thê bị động, với người, dùng need to be done ( Không dùng need doing) The old need to be looked after by the young ( Không dùng need looking after) Danh động từ bị động có cách dùng danh động từ chủ động ( trừ trường hợp cấu tạo danh từ ghép) Ví dụ: - I like people praising me => I like being praised - She hates people staring at her when she is in the street => She hates being stared at when she is in the street - I remember that my father took me to the cinema to see that film => I remember being taken to the cinema by my father to see that film - He was punished by being sent to bed without any supper - I remember being taken to Paris as a small child - I hate being told what to => I hate people telling me what to - She is afraid of being taken away by the strong wind if she opens her parachute early - She is afraid of the strong wind taking her away… - He objected to his son being criticised unfairly => He objected to people criticising his son unfairly - He resented being kept waiting.=> He resented people keeping him waiting - The safe showed no signs of having been touched Passive infinitive ( Nguyên mẫu bị động) Form: To be + Past participle Eg: To be done/ made/ written… Nguyên mẫu bị động có cách dùng tương ứng nguyên mẫu chủ động: I want you to repair the car now.=> I want the car to be repaired (by you) now I’d like someone to take me to the Opera House => I’d like to be taken to the Opera House This calculator is small enough for you to keep it in your pocket => This calculator is small enough to be kept in your pocket Một số động từ quy định theo sau THAT SHOULD + V (INF) : advise, agree, arrange, ask, beg, command, decide, demand, determine, insist, order, propose, recommend, request, stipulate, suggest, urge, prefer, decree Note also: be anxious, be determined ( Should đơi lược bỏ) He insisted that she (should) write to him everyday He insisted that his son (should) be named after his grandfather They have decided to sell the house => They have decided that the house (should) be sold They suggested making the tests easier.=> They suggested that the tests should be made easier She advised that we should keep the gate locked/ She advised keeping the gate locked => She advised that the gate should be kept locked He suggested that a petition (should) be drawn up  It is/was + adjective + that should that should can be used after it is / was advisable, better, desirable, essential, imperative, important, natural, necessary It is essential that rare animals (should) be protected It is advisable that everyone have a map It is essential for him to be prepared for this./ It is essential that he (should) be prepared for this It is only right that she (should) have a share II Bài nhà Exercise Rephrase the sentences to make them more formal 1) People think that the new prime minister is a good speaker It is …………………………………………………………………………………… The new prime minister …………………………………………………………………………… 2) They report that the suspended gunman is in custody The suspended …………………………………………………………………………………… It is …………………………………………………………………………………… 3) People don't expect that the new party will win the election It isn't …………………………………………………………………………………… The new …………………………………………………………………………………… 4) The police say that the principal is at large It is …………………………………………………………………………………… The principal …………………………………………………………………………………… 5) The detective knows that the robber has left the city It is …………………………………………………………………………………… The robber …………………………………………………………………………………… 6) People believe that giving encouragement is important at work, too It is …………………………………………………………………………………… Giving encouragement …………………………………………………………………………… 7) They told us that Charles drank too much at the party It was …………………………………………………………………………………… Charles …………………………………………………………………………………… 8) People know that drug addiction is dangerous It is …………………………………………………………………………………… 9) They believe that the lunch will be delicious The lunch is …………………………………………………………………………………… 10) They think that the children are at school The children …………………………………………………………………………………… 11) People said that the robbery lasted half an hour It is …………………………………………………………………………………… 12) People acknowledge that he is talented He is …………………………………………………………………………………… 13) The newspapers reported that he won the jackpot He was …………………………………………………………………………………… 14) They think that your tea is too sweet It is …………………………………………………………………………………… 15) Everybody says the old bridge will collapse The old …………………………………………………………………………………… 16) It is said that the thief stole several wallets The thief is …………………………………………………………………………………… 17) People think that the pigeons carry a lot of diseases It is …………………………………………………………………………………… 18) Sarah is known to be the prettiest girl in the class It is …………………………………………………………………………………… 19) It was understood that he got divorced He was …………………………………………………………………………………… 20) Amy Winehouse was reported to have died It was …………………………………………………………………………………… 21) It is acknowledged that she is a talented painter She is …………………………………………………………………………………… 22) The Sun was believed to move round the Earth It was …………………………………………………………………………………… 23) It is said that the pilot was drunken The pilot …………………………………………………………………………………… 24) This kind of material is found to be poisonous It is …………………………………………………………………………………… 25) The witness was thought to have injured It was …………………………………………………………………………………… Exercise Rephrase the sentences using Passive with gerund and infinitive She doesn’t like it when people tease her She …………………………………………………………………………………… Most people don’t steal because they are afraid that someone will catch them Most people don't steal ………………………………………………………………………… To be told you are no good can destroy your confidence ……………………………………………………………………………………your confidence I hate it when people ask me stupid questions I hate …………………………………………………………………………………… It’s dangerous to use the equipment if nobody instructs you It’s dangerous …………………………………………………………………………………… She was very angry that they kept her waiting She was very …………………………………………………………………………………… Exercise Use the verb in parentheses to create a passive gerund for each sentence or question He hates what to (tell) The baby likes _ _ by her mother (hold) They're afraid of _ because the neighborhood is dangerous (attack) The students don't look forward to _ on their math skills (test) _ to live in solitary confinement was very difficult (force) Rabbits live in fear of _ alive by a fox or a large bird (eat) The customer insists on _ _ a refund for his purchase (give) _ at the moment are the concerns of the parents (address) Martha hates to stay late at work (ask) 10 for a suit is necessary if you want it to fit properly (measure) 11 Forced to give up her driver's license, Gertrude doesn't like around town by her daughter (drive) KEY Exercise 1 It is thought that the new prime minister is a good speaker The new prime minister is thought to be a good speaker The suspended gunman is reported to be in custody It is reported that the suspended gunman is in custody It isn't expected that the new party will win the election The new party isn't expected to win the election It is said that the principal is at large The principal is said to be at large It is known that the robber has left the city The robber is known to have left the city It is believed that giving encouragement is important at work, too Giving encouragement is believed to be important at work, too It was told that Charles drank too much at the party Charles was told to have drunk too much at the party It is known that drug addiction is dangerous The lunch is believed to be delicious 10 The children are thought to be at school 11 It is said that the robbery lasted half an hour 12 He is acknowledged to be talented 13 He was reported to have won the jackpot 14 It is thought that your tea is too sweet 15 The old bridge is said to collapse 16 The thief is said to have stolen several wallets 17 It is thought that the pigeons carry a lot of diseases 18 It is known that Sarah is the prettiest girl in the class 19 He was understood to have got divorced 20 It was reported that Amy Winehouse died 21 She is acknowledged to be a talented painter 22 It was believed that the Sun moves round the Earth 23 The pilot is said to have been drunken 24 It is found that this kind of material is poisonous 25 It was thought that the witness injured Exercise 1) doesn't like being teased 2) because they are afraid of being caught 3) Being told you are no good can destroy 4) being asked stupid questions 5) to use the equipment without being instructed 6) angry for being kept waiting Exercise He hates being told what to (tell) The baby likes being held by her mother (hold) They're afraid of being attacked because the neighborhood is dangerous (attack) The students don't look forward to being tested on their math skills (test) Being forced to live in solitary confinement was very difficult (force) Rabbits live in fear of being eaten alive by a fox or a large bird (eat) The customer insists on being given a refund for his purchase (give) Being addressed at the moment are the concerns of the parents (address) Martha hates being asked to stay late at work (ask) 10 Being measured for a suit is necessary if you want it to fit properly (measure) 11 Forced to give up her driver's license, Gertrude doesn't like being driven around town by her daughter (drive) BÀI TẬP VỀ CÂU BỊ ĐỘNG I Bài tập chữa video THỂ BỊ ĐỘNG EXERCISE 1: CHUYỂN CÁC CÂU SAU SANG BỊ ĐỘNG 1.My father waters this flower every morning 2.John invited Fiona to his birthday party last night 3.Her mother is preparing the dinner in the kitchen 4.We should clean our teeth twice a day 5.Our teachers have explained the English grammar 6.Some drunk drivers caused the accident in this city 7.Tom will visit his parents next month 8.The manager didn’t phone the secretary this morning 9.Did Mary this beautiful dress? 10.I won’t hang these old pictures in the living room 11.The German didn’t build this factory during the Second World War 12.The Greens are going to paint this house and these cars for Christmas Day 13.Ann had fed the cats before she went to the cinema 14.The students have discussed the pollution problems since last week 15.Have the thieves stolen the most valuable painting in the national museum? 16.Some people will interview the new president on TV 17.How many languages they speak in Canada? 18.Are you going to repair those shoes? 19.He has broken his nose in a football match 20.Have you finished the above sentences? THỂ BỊ ĐỘNG CÁC MẪU CÂU CƠ BẢN EXERCISE 2:CHUYỂN CÁC CÂU SAU SANG BỊ ĐỘNG 1.The waiter brings me this dish 2.Our friends send these postcards to us 3.Their grandmother told them this story when they visited her last week 4.Tim ordered this train ticket for his mother 5.You didn’t show me the special camaras 6.She showed her ticket to the airline agent 7.He lends his friend his new shoes 8.She left her relatives five million pounds 9.The shop assistant handed these boxes to the customer 10.The board awarded the first prize to the reporter 11.Have you sent the christmas cards to your family? 12.The committee appointed Alice secretary for the meeting 13.He hides the broken cup in the drawer 14.They keep this room tidy all the time 15.They all voted the party a great success 16.We gave Ann some bananas and some flowers 17.They moved the fridge into the living room 18.She bought some cups of tea to the visitors in the next room 19.They find the new project worthless 20.The secretary didn’t take the note to the manager THỂ BỊ ĐỘNG CÁC ĐỘNG TỪ TƯỜNG THUẬT EXERCISE 3:CHUYỂN CÁC CÂU SAU SANG BỊ ĐỘNG 1.They told me that you were the best architect in this city 2.She reported that the flowers were killed by frost 3.Some people inform me that the director is going to take a business trip to England 4.That officer announced that the meeting was delayed until next week 5.He discovered that this cotton was grown in Egypt 6.They promise that the performance will start on time 7.He recommends that we should stay at the city center 8.We believed that Alice would pass the driving test 9.The director notifies all the workers that they will have to work extra hard this month 10.They have persuaded me that they will go with me to the stadium 11.They have decided that the company will go to the beach together at the weekend 12.People think that Maradona is the best football player in the 20th century 13.They find that the job is not suitable for a girl like her 14.The teacher explained that this powerful engine pulled the train 15.He told me that his football team had played well last season BỊ ĐỘNG VỚI NHỮNG ĐỘNG TỪ SAI BẢO EXERCISE 4:CHUYỂN CÁC CÂU SAU SANG BỊ ĐỘNG 1.I had my nephew paint the gate last week 2.She will have Peter wash her car tomorrow 3.They have her tell the story again 4.John gets his sister to clean his shirt 5.Anne had had a friend type her composition 6.Rick will have a barber cut his hair 7.I will get the dressmaker to make a new dress 8.He had a mechanic repair his car 9.She often gets the technician to maintain the heater 10.They had the police arrest the shoplifter 11.Are you going to have the shoemaker repair your shoes? 12.I must have the dentist check my teeth 13.She will have a veterinary surgeon examine her dog 14.We had a man take this photograph when we were on holiday last summer 15.The Greens had a carpet cleaner clean their carpet KEY EXERCISE 1.This flower is watered (by my father) every morning 2.Fiona was invented to John’s birthday party last month 3.The dinner is being prepared (by her mother) in the kitchen 4.Our teeth should be cleaned twice a day 5.The English grammar has been explained (by our teacher) 6.The accident was caused in this city (by some drunk drivers) 7.Tom’s parents will be visited (by him) next month 8.The secretary wasn’t phoned (by the manager) this morning 9.Was this beautiful dress bought by Mary? 10.These old pictures won’t be in the living room(by me) 11.This factory wasn’t built (by the Greens) during the Second World War 12.This house and these cars are going to be painted for Chrismas day by the Greens 13.The cats had been fed (by Ann) before she went to the cinema 14.The pollution problems have been discussed (by the students) since last week 15.Has the most valuable painting in the national meseum been stlen (by the thieves) 16.The new president will be interviewed on TV (by tsome people) 17.How many languages are spoken in Canada(by them)? 18.Are those shoes going to be repaired ? 19.His nose has been broken in a football match(by him) 20.Have above sentences been finished ? EXERCISE 1.This dish is brought to me (by the waiter) 2.These postcards are sent to us(by our friend) 3.This story was told to them(by their grandmother) when they visited her last week 4.This train ticket was ordered for Tim’s mother 5.The special cameras weren’t showed to me 6.Her ticket was showed to the airline agent(by her) 7.His new shoes are lent to his friends(by him) 8.Five million pounds was left to her relatives (by her) 9.These boxes were handed to the customer (by the shop assistant) 10.The first prize was awarded to the reporter (by the board) 11.Have the christmas cards been sent to your family? 12.Alice was appointed secretary for the meeting(by the committee) 13.The broken cup is hidden in the drawer (by him) 14.This room is kept tidy (by them) all the time 15.The party was voted a great success(by them) 16.Ann was given some bananas and some flowers(by us) 17.The fridge was moved into the living room(by them) 18.Some cups of tea were brought to the visitors in the next room (by her) 19.The new project is found worthless 20.The note wasn’t taken to the manager(by the secretary) EXERCISE 1.I was told that you were the architect in this city 2.It was reported that the flowers were killed by frost./ The flowers were reported to be killed by frost 3.I am informed that the director is going to take a business trip to England 4.It was announced that the meeting was delayed until next week 5.It was discovered that this cotton was grown in Egypt 6.It is promised that the performance will start on time 7.It is recommended that we should stay at the city center 8.It was believed that Alice would pass the driving test./ Alice was believed to pass the driving test 9.All the workers are notified that they will have to work extra hard this month 10.I have been persuaded that they will go with me to the stadium 11.It has been decided that the company will go to the beach together at the weekend 12.It is thought that Maradona is the best football player in the 20th century./ Maradona is thought to be the best football player in the 20th century 13.It is found that the job is not suitable for a girl like her./ The job is found to be not suitable for a girl like her 14.It was explained that this powerful engine pulled the train 15.I was told that his football team had played well last season EXERCISE 1.I had the gate painted last week 2.She will have her car washed tomorrow 3.They have the story told again 4.John gets his shirt cleaned 5.Anne has had her composition typed 6.Rick will have his hair cut 7.I will get a new dress made 8.He had his car repaired 9.She often gets the heater maitained 10.They had the shoplifter arrested 11.Are you going to have your shoes repaired? 12.I must have my teeth checked 13.She will have her dog examined 14.We had this photograph taken when we were on holiday last summer 15.The Greens had their carpet cleaned II Bài nhà Exercise Chose the right phrases to complete the second sentence so that it means exactly the same as the original one They say smoking is dangerous Smoking is said …………… dangerous They think he has stolen the ring He is thought …………… the ring People believe she is leaving tomorrow She is believed …………… We know that Napoleon was a great leader Napoleon is known……………a great leader People thought he had committed the crime He …………………………the crime They believed he was going to retire He …………… We all know that cancer is caused by smoking Cancer is known ……………by smoking They say Ann and Peter are getting married next week Ann and Peter are said …………… People think she is pregnant She is thought ……………pregnant 10 People say she has miscarried twice She is said ……………twice Exercise Rewrite each of the following sentences using it is said that, is said to, (be) supposed to or not supposed to Sometimes there is more than one correct answer According to news reports, the robber stole three million euros John isn't allowed to have a party while his parents are away The plan is for us to meet at the library According to the weather forecast, it will rain tomorrow People say that New Zealand is very scenic You're not allowed to your laundry on Sundays in this building Everyone says a tornado will hit tomorrow People say there will be cutbacks next year That author is believed to be very famous 10 We had planned to meet at 11 o'clock Exercise The first sentence is in the ACTIVE VOICE Choose the most correct way of saying the same thing in the PASSIVE VOICE: They passed me up for that position I for that position A was passed up B was being passed up C am passed up By tomorrow, I will have bought the car By tomorrow, the car by me A was being bought B will have been bought C was bought John bought the Picasso painting The Picasso painting by John A was bought B will have been bought C is bought Most students misunderstand this story This story by most students A was misunderstood B has been misunderstood C is misunderstood My brother carried the groceries into the room The groceries by my brother into the room A were being carried B have been carried C were carried Juan is preparing the enchiladas The enchiladas by Juan A are being prepared B were being prepared C are prepared His brother was telling him to calm down He to calm down by his brother A is being told B was being told C is told A dog bit me I by a dog A was being bitten B was bitten C have been bitten The movers have delivered the furniture The furniture by the movers A will have been delivered B would be delivered C has been delivered 10 This city will surprise you You by this city A are surprised B will be surprised C will have been surprised Exercise A sentence in the active voice can be changed into the passive voice and vice versa Change the following active sentences into passive sentences He showed me a photo This box contains chocolates Who does not hate liars? Solve this problem I expect you to the work His conduct shocked his mother He could nothing Do you know this gentleman? Do not tease the animals 10 Lower the price 11 The speaker’s charming voice impressed the audience very much 12 I cannot permit this KEY Exercise 1 to be to have stolen to be leaving to have been was thought to have commited was expected to retire to be caused to be getting to be 10 to have miscarried Exercise It is said that the robber stole three million euros./The robber is said to have stolen three million euros./The robber is supposed to have stolen three million euros John is not supposed to have a party while his parents are away We are supposed to meet at the library It is supposed to rain tomorrow./It is said that it will rain tomorrow It is said that New Zealand is very scenic./It is said that New Zealand is very scenic./New Zealand is said to be very scenic You are not supposed to your laundry on Sundays in this building A tornado is said to hit tomorrow./It is said that a tornado will hit tomorrow./A tornado is supposed to hit tomorrow It is said that there will be cutbacks next year./There is supposed to be cutbacks next year That author is said to be very famous./It is said that that author is very famous./That author is supposed to be very famous 10 We were supposed to meet at 11 o'clock Exercise A 8.B B 9.C A 10 B C C Exercise A photo was shown to me by him OR I was shown a photo by him Chocolates are contained in this box By whom are liars not hated? Let this problem be solved I expect the work to be done by you His mother was shocked by his conduct Nothing could be done by him Is this gentleman known to you? Let the animals not be teased 10 Let the price be lowered 11 The audience was impressed by the speaker’s charming voice 12 This cannot be permitted A B ... driven around town by her daughter (drive) BÀI TẬP VỀ CÂU BỊ ĐỘNG I Bài tập chữa video THỂ BỊ ĐỘNG EXERCISE 1: CHUYỂN CÁC CÂU SAU SANG BỊ ĐỘNG 1.My father waters this flower every morning 2.John... Passive infinitive ( Nguyên mẫu bị động) Form: To be + Past participle Eg: To be done/ made/ written… Nguyên mẫu bị động có cách dùng tương ứng nguyên mẫu chủ động: I want you to repair the car... thê bị động, với người, dùng need to be done ( Không dùng need doing) The old need to be looked after by the young ( Không dùng need looking after) Danh động từ bị động có cách dùng danh động
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