BAI TAP CAU DIEU KIEN CONDITIONAL SENTENCES

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CÂU ĐIỀU KIỆN (CONDITIONAL SENTENCES) Những cách khác để diễn tả câu điều kiện (1) Unless= If not Ex: If I don’t work hard, I will fail this exam = Unless I work hard, I will fail this exam (2) Without / But for (Nếu không nhờ) o Cấu trúc: Without / But for + N / tính từ sở hữu + V-ing / V-ing, main clause Ex: If you didn’t help me, I wouldn’t pass my exam = Without/ But for your help, I wouldn’t pass my exam Chú ý: Without But for dùng cho câu điều kiện loại loại (3) Or/ Otherwise (Nếu khơng thì) Ex: If you don’t hurry up, you will be late for school = Hurry up or you will be late for school = Unless you hurry up, you will be late for school If Miss Trang hadn’t helped me, I would have fail =Miss Trang helped me a lot Otherwise, I would have fail (4) Incase (Phòng khi) Thường sử dụng cho câu điều kiện loại Ex: Bring an umbrella along in case it rains (5) As long as/ So long as/ Providing that/ Provided that, Suppose / Supposing = If (6) If it hadn’t been for + N / V-ing, S + would / could have V-ed/P2: không nhờ … Exercise 1: Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form: If I see him , I _ (give ) him a gift If I had a typewriter, I _ (type) it myself If I had known that you were in hospital, I _ (visit) you You could make better progress if you _ (attend) class regularly If I _ (know) his telephone number, I’d give it to you If you _ (arrive) ten minutes earlier, you would have got a seat If he worked more slowly, he _ (not make) so many mistakes I shouldn’t drink that wine if I _ (be) you If I _ (find) a cheap room, I will stay a fortnight 10 A lot of people _ (be) out of work if the factory closed down Exercise 2: Make conditional sentences: Keep silent or you’ll wake the baby up →If …………………………………………… … ……… Stop talking or you won’t understand the lesson.→ If …………………………………… ….…… I don’t know her number, so I don’t ring her up.→ If …………………………………… ….…… I don’t know the answer, so I can’t tell you.→ If …………………………………………….……… We got lost because we didn’t have a map.→ If …………………………………….…… …….…… Susan felt sick because she ate four cream cakes →…………………………………………… …… Without this treatment, the patient would have died →……………………………………….….… He lost his job because he was late every day →……………………………………………… …… Peter is fat because he eats so many chips →…………………………………………………… … 10 Robert got a bad cough because he started smoking cigarettes →……………………………… … Exercise 3: Use UNLESS instead of IF EX: If you not study hard, you will fail the exam Unless you study hard , you will fail the exam If you not like this one, I’ll bring you another Unless……………………………………………… If she does not hurry, she’ll be late Unless ……………………………………………… If you are not careful, you’ll cut yourself Unless …………………………………………………… if you had not sneezed, he wouldn’t have known that we were there Unless …………………………………………………… Exercise 4: One of the four underlined parts marked A, B, C, D in each sentence is not correct in standard English Identify them If Lucia had been here now, she would find out the truth about her uncle’s accident A B C D If a student takes a course on Computer Science, it will take him four years doing the course A B C D Unless it did not rain, Peter would pay us a visit A B C D If had I known you were in financial difficulty, I would have helped you A B C D If I had knew the time when the match started, I would have told you A B C D If she had finished the work, she can go home A B C D If I had spoken more confident at the interview, they would have offered me the job A B C D If we had had a map, we would not be lost yesterday A B C D Had I known Alice’s address, I would write to her A B C D 10 If I had realized that the traffic lights were red, I would stop A B C D 11 If had you sent the application form to that company, you would have been offered a job A B C D 12 He spends money carelessly as if he was a millionaire A B C D 13 Unless you work harder, you will be sack because of your laziness A B C D 14 Unless there had been the heavy storm, the climbers will not have died A B C D 15 She has found that nobody can help her if she did not try her best to it herself A B C D Exercise 6: Choose the best answer for each of the following sentences _have enough apples, she’ll make an apple pie this afternoon A.Should she B If she C Will she D Unless she If you _to me, you wouldn’t have got so much trouble A listened B would listen C had listened D Would have listened If you don’t know how to spell a word, you _ look it up in the dictionary A must B will C should D ought If the sun _, we _for a walk A shines / will go B shone / will go C shone / would go D had shone / would go The campfire _ if it _ last night A wouldn’t be cancelled / hadn’t rained B wouldn’t have been cancelled / hadn’t rained C would have been cancelled / hadn’t rained D will be cancelled / rains But for our parents, we _ successful in life A will never be B would never be C wouldn’t have be D would have never been If I _ my wallet at home this morning, I _ money for lunch now A leave / will have B didn’t leave / would have C hadn’t left / would have D hadn’t left / would have had It is too bad, Lam isn’t here If he _ here, he _ what to A were / would know B is / will know C had been / would have known D was / would know If we _ the plans carefully, we would not have had so many serious mistakes A study B had studied C studied D were studying 10 I will never talk to you again _ you apologize me _ your being rude A if / for B unless / for C or / of D whether / or 11 _ if you work harder, you will be sacked A Whether B If C However D Unless 12 I think you should stop smoking A If I am you, I will stop smoking B If I were you, I will stop smoking C If I were you, I would stop smoking D If I had been you, I would stop smoking 13 If you take the ice out of the fridge, it _ A vaporizes B melts C heats D disappears 14 We should something to protect water from being polluted _we will have nothing to drink in the future A if B whether C or D unless 15 Let’s knock on their door to see _ home A if they’re B unless they’re C whether they were D if they were 16 Unless we _ more snow, we can’t go skiing A will have B have C have had D had 17 You’ll fail the exam _ you start revising A if B until C when D unless 18 Unless you wash the car, you _ not drive it at the weekend A would B could C have to D may 19 If Peter _ his car before the drive, he _ the problem of out of petrol A checked / will not get B had checked / would not have got C checks / will not have got D would be checking / will not have got 20 He stepped on the mine, and it exploded A If he doesn’t step on the mine, it doesn’t explode B If he doesn’t step on the mine, it won’t explode C If he didn’t step on the mine, it wouldn’t explode D If he hadn’t stepped on the mine, it wouldn’t have exploded 21 In my experiments, the liquid is cooled to 32ºF It always freezes A If you cool the liquid to 32 degrees, it froze B If you cooled the liquid to 32 degrees, it would freeze C If you cool the liquid to 32 degrees, it will freeze D If you had cooled the liquid to 32 degrees, it would have frozen 22 It may rain this afternoon I hope it doesn’t because I don’t want the match to be cancelled A If it rains, the match is cancelled B If it rains, the match will be cancelled C if it rained, the match would be cancelled D If it had rained, the match would have been cancelled 23 Unfortunately, I don’t know Philosophy, so I can’t answer your question A If I know Philosophy, I can answer your question B If I know Philosophy, I will be able to answer your question C If I knew Philosophy, I would be able to answer your question D If I had known Philosophy, I would have been able to answer your question 24 _ there are some more ideas, we can end the meeting now A If B As if C Unless D In case 25 If he _ with us now, he _ the beauty of nature of the National Park A is / can enjoy B was / will enjoy C has been / would enjoy D were / could enjoy 26 If they had searched more carefully, they…the watch sooner A will find B would find C found D would have found 27 If I had got up early, I _ to have breakfast now A have B.I had C would have D would have had 28 I cannot buy a new computer _ I save enough money A if B even if C unless D as if 29 Most people you meet will be polite to you _ A if you are polite to them B if you will be polite to them C unless you are polite to them D if you were polite to them 30 If you so, it _ the matter worse A makes only B would only make C will only make D had only made 31 You _ English fluently unless you practice it every day A will speak B will not speak C can speak D did not speak 32 Hurry up _ you will miss the bus and be late for school A if B and C or D as 33 You will get a good seat if you _ first A come B came C have come D will come 34 Sam will not graduate _ A if he passed all the tests B if he does not pass all the tests C unless he passes all the tests D unless he had passed all the tests 35 If I had time, I would go with you A.I am free and surely go with you B.I am too busy to go with you C I will go with you because I have time D I am free enough to go with you 36 If Margaret hadn’t been wearing a seat belt, she… Injured A has been B would has been C would be D would have been 37 If I _ the rain yesterday, I _ ill A had not caught / would have been B had not caught / would have not been C have not caught / were not D have not caught / would have been 38 He looked frightened as if he _ a ghost A sees B is seeing C has seen D had seen 39 What _if there _ a serious nuclear accident A will happen / was B happens / were C would happen / were D would happen / had been Exercise 7: Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form: If I (know)………………………… that you were ill, I (go)……………………… to see you If she'd had enough money, She (buy) …………………………… a car I (buy) ……………………………………… a car If you lend me some money I (see) …………………………… him if I (go) ………………………… to the party last night We could have gone out if the weather (not be)……………………………………… so bad If the book (not be )…………………………… expensive, I'll buy it You would be very surprised if he (return)……………………………… I'll go out if it (not rain)……………………………… They wouldn't come to the party if you (not invite) ………………………………… them 10 What ……………………………… you (do) …………………… if you (be) ………………… him? 11 If that hat costs much, I (buy) …………………………… a small one 12 If you (drive) …………………… more carefully, you (have) ………………………… so many accidents 13 If I (make) …………………………… that mistake again, my teacher (get) ……………………… angry with me 14 If I spoke English, my job (be) …………………………… a lot easier 15 If he (go) ……………………………… to London yesterday, he ( meet) ……………………………… his old friend 16 I will lend them some money if they (ask) …………………………… me 17 If we had known who he was, we (invite) ………………………… him to speak at our meeting 18 My dog (bark) …………………………… if it (hear) ………………………… any strange sound 19 If I (have) ………………………… enough money, I would buy a house 20 They (not/let) …………………………… you in if you (come) late 21 If you (not go) ……………………………… away, I (send) ……………………………… for a policeman 22 If I (be) ………………………………… in your place, I (accept) …………………… Mr Anderson’s invitation 23 If I (win) …………………………… a big prize in a lottery, I’d give up my job 24 If I (be) ……………………………… you, I (tell) …………………………… the truth 25 I was busy If I (have) ………………………… free time I (go) …………………………… to the cinema with you 26 Why didn’t you attend the meeting? Oh, I did not know If I (know)……………………… I (come) …………………… there 27 What ……………….we(do)……………………… if they not come tomorrow? 28 If I had enough time now, I (write) ……………………………… to my parents 29 It’s too bad Helen isn’t here If she (be) ………………………… here, she (know) ………………… what to 30 If I (eat) …………………………… breakfast tomorrow morning, I (get) ………………………… hungry during class 31 If she (come) ……………………………… late again, she (lose) ……………………………her job 32 I (let) …………………………… you know if I (find) …………………………………… out what’s happening 33 If we (live) ……………………………… in a town, life would be better 34 I’m sure he wouldn’t mind if we (arrive) …………………………… early 35 We (phone) …………………………………… you if we have time 36 If I won the lottery, I (give) ……………………………… you half the money 37 It (be) …………………………………… a pity if she married Fred 38 If I’m free on Saturday, I (go) ………………………… to the mountains 39 She (have) …………………………… a nervous breakdown if she goes on like this 40 I know I (feel) better if I (stop) …………………… smoking 41 If I (be) …………………… you, I (help) ………………………… him 42 I (understand)…………………………………… him if he (speak) …………………………… more slowly 43 He didn’t listen to the teacher If he (listen) ………………………… carefully, he (perform) …………………… well in the examination 44 He’s waiting for his mother to come back from Chicago If his mother (come) ………………………… home, he (have) …………………………………… a lot of presents 45 He wanted to buy some Christmas presents but he couldn’t If he (afford) …………………………… to buy, his children (be) …………………………… very happy to greet a new year 46 The kitchen will look better if we (have) ………………………………… red curtains 47 If I knew his address, I (go) ……………………… round and see him 48 If you (not be) …………………… so busy, I (show) ………………………… you how to play 49 It (be) ………………………………… quicker if you (use) a computer 50 If we (have) ………………………………… some eggs, I (make) ………………………………… you a cake 51 Bring him another if he (not/like) ……………………………… this one 52 She (be) ………………………… angry if she (hear) ………………………… this tomorrow 53 Unless you are more careful, you (have) …………………………… an accident 54 If you (like), I (get) ………………………………… you a job in this company 55 If grandmother (be) ……………………… years younger, she (play) ………………………… some games 56 If he sun (stop) …………………………… shinning, there (be) ………………………………………… no light on earth 57 If I (be) ………………………………… a millionaire, I (live) …………………… on Mars Exercise 8: Choose the best answer: If I ……….a lot of money now, I ………… a new car A have /will buy B have / would buy C had/ will buy D had/ would buy If I ……………you, I …………….do that A am/ will B were /would C were/ will D had been/ would if I were offered the job, I think I ……… it A take B will take C would take D would have taken I would be very surprised if he…………… A refuses B refused C had refused D would refuse Many people would be out of work if that factory……… down A closes B had closed C closed D would close If she sold her car, she ………… much money A gets b would get c will get d would have got They would be disappointed if we…………… a hadn’t come b wouldn’t come c don’t come d didn’t come Would John be angry if I …… ……his bicycle without asking? a take b took c had taken d would take She ……….terrible upset if I lost this ring a will be b would be c were d had been 10 If someone…………in here with a gun, I would be very frightened a would walk b walks c had walked d walked 11 What would happen if you …………… to work tomorrow? a don’t go b didn’t go c won’t go d wouldn’t go 12 We ‘ll get wet if we ………….out a go b did go c went d had gone 13 If I go shopping, I ………some food a buy b will buy c would buy d would have bought 14 If I find it, I ………you a will tell b would tell c had told d told 15 What would you if you……………a million dollars? a would win b win c had won d won 16 They ‘d be hurt if I ……………… a don’t go b didn’t go c hadn’t gone d wouldn’t go 17 If we took the 6: 30 train, we…………too early a would have arrived b arrived c will arrived d would arrive 18 If I had known you were in hospital, I …………to see you a will go b would go c went d would have gone 19 If I …………., I would have said hello a had seen b see c saw d would see 20 I………… out if I hadn’t been so tired a will go b went c would have gone d would go 21 If I ……… a camera, I would have taken some pictures a have b had c would have d had had 22 You won’t pass the examination……………you study more a as long as b unless c if d whether 23 If only I …………you wanted to invest money in business a had known b knew c have known d know 24 If I were to leave my country , I ……………disappointed a probably be b would have been c will be d would be 25 If he hadn’t wasted too much time, he…………….in his examination a would fail b wouldn’t fail c wouldn’t have failed d won’t fail 26 If I had taken that English course, I ……… much progress a had made b would have made c made d would make 27 If I were in your place, I ……….a trip to England a will make b had made c made d would make 28 If I ………… you , I’d save some of your lottery winning a be b werec am d was 29 If the car ……… larger, we would have bought it a had been b have been c has been d been 30 If I had enough money, I ……… abroad to improve my English a will go b should go c would go d should have go to Exercise 9: Rewrite the following sentences: He can’t go out because he has to study for his exam => If………………………………………………… She is lazy so she can’t pass the exam If………………………………………………………… He will pay me tonight; I will have enough money to buy a car => If…………………………………………………………… He smokes too much; that’s why he can’t get rid of his cough => If…………………………………………………………… She is very shy, so she doesn’t enjoy the party => If…………………………………………………………… I will get a work permit I will stay for another month => If…………………………………………………………… He doesn’t take any exercises He is so unhealthy => If……………………………………………………………… We can’t get the ticket because I don’t have the right change => If……………………………………………………………… Study hard or you won’t pass the exam => If………………………………………………………………… 10 Don’t be impatient or you will make mistakes => If…………………………………………………………………… 11 I didn’t eat lunch, I feel hungry now => If I………… ………………………………… 12 I only come if they invite me => unless……………………………………………… 13 He didn’t revise all his lessons, he failed the exam => If he……………………………………………………… 14 The park is over there, only minutes’ walk => If you walk……………………………………………… 15 Leave me alone or I’ll call the police =>Unless…………………………………………………………………………………… 16 If you arrive at the office earlier than I do, please turn on the air-conditioner => Should……………………………………………………………………………… 17 The children don’t go to school in the snowy weather => If it ……………………………………………………………………………… 18 He died so young; otherwise, he would be a famous musician by now =>Had ……………………………………………………………………………… 19 You must tell me the whole truth or I won’t help you => Unless……………………………………………………………………………… 20 The car breaks down so often because you don’t take good care of it => Were I……………………………………………………………………………… 21 He is very bad-tempered, that’s why his wife left him soon after marriage => If he……………………………………………………………………………… 22 Don’t tell lies to your boss or you’ll be fired at once => If…………………………………………………………………………… 23 She got married at such an early age: otherwise, she would be at university now => Had ………………………………………………………………………… Exercise 10: Rewrite the following sentences We can’t go out because he has to study for his exam => If………………………………………… ……… She is lazy so she can’t pass the exam => If…………………………………………………………………… He will pay me tonight; I will have enough money to buy a car => If………………………………………… He smokes too much; that’s why he can’t get rid of his cough => If………………………………………… She is very shy, so she doesn’t enjoy the party => If………………………………………… ……………… He doesn’t take any exercises He is so unhealthy => If………………………………………… …………… Study hard or you won’t pass the exam => If………………………………………… ……………………… Don’t be impatient or you will make mistakes => If………………………………………… ……………… I didn’t eat lunch, I feel hungry now => If I………… ……………………………………………………… 10 If you want my advice, I wouldn’t buy it => If I ………… …………………………………………………… 11 I only come if they invite me => Unless……………………………………………………………………… 12 He didn’t revise all his lessons, he failed the exam => If he………………………………………… ……… 20 Leave me alone or I’ll call the police => Unless…………………………………………………………… Exercise 11: Gạch chân đáp án đúng: 1) If that hat costs much, I (would have bought/will buy/bought/would buy) a small one 2) If you (drive/drove/had driven/driven) more carefully, you wouldn’t have had so many accidents 3) If I (make/makes/made/had made) that mistake again, my teacher will get angry with me 4) If I spoke English, my job (was/were/will be/would be) a lot easier 5) If he (goes/went/had gone/would go) to London yesterday, he (met/would meet/had met/would have met) his old friend 6) I will lend them some money if they (ask/will ask/asked/had asked) me 7) If we had known who he was, we (would have invited/have invited/will invite/would invite) him to speak at our meeting 8) My dog will bark if it (hear/hears/heard/had heard) any strange sound 9) If I (had/had had/will have/have) enough money, I would buy a house 10) They (won’t let/not let/wouldn’t let/hadn’t let) you in if you come late 11) If you (not go/don’t go/hadn’t gone/didn’t go) away, I’ll send for a policeman 12) If I (were/am/be/was) in your place, I would accept Mr Anderson’s invitation 13) If I (win/had won/won/winning) a big prize in a lottery, I’d give up my job 14) If I (is/am/was/were) you, I (will tell/told/would tell/would have told) the truth 15) I was busy If I (have/had/had had/have had) free time I (would go/will go/would have gone/go) to the cinema with you 16) Why didn’t you attend the meeting? Oh, I did not know If I (know/knew/had known/known) I (would come/would have come/will come/had come) there 17) What (would/will/did/had) we if they not come tomorrow? 18) If I had enough time now, I (would write/write/will write/wrote) to my parents 19) It’s too bad Helen isn’t here If she (is/was/were/are) here, she (will know/knows/would know/would have known) what to 20) If I don’t eat breakfast tomorrow morning, I (will get/got/would get/had got) hungry during class ... _ the rain yesterday, I _ ill A had not caught / would have been B had not caught / would have not been C have not caught / were not D have not caught / would have been 38 He looked frightened... will go b should go c would go d should have go to Exercise 9: Rewrite the following sentences: He can’t go out because he has to study for his exam => If………………………………………………… She is lazy so she can’t... university now => Had ………………………………………………………………………… Exercise 10: Rewrite the following sentences We can’t go out because he has to study for his exam => If………………………………………… ……… She is lazy so she can’t
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