CONJUNCTIONS11 SỬ DỤNG TỪ NỐI TRONG TIẾNG ANH

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CONJUNCTIONS Coordinate conjunctions join two equal terms: and, or, nor, but, Subordinate conjunctions join two clauses: although, since, because, when, etc STRATEGIES FOR CONJUNCTION ITEMS ASK YOURSELF THESE QUESTIONS:  Do you need to join two nouns, two adjectives, two prepositional phrases, or any equal terms? If so, is there a coordinate conjunction joining them? INCORRECT [The president also his assistant are coming.] CORRECT The president and his assistant are coming  Do you need to join two sentences? If so, is there a coordinate conjunction joining them? INCORRECT [I can make the copies too John can collate the pages CORRECT I can make the copies, and John can collate the pages  Do you need to join a dependent clause with an independent clause? If so, is there a subordinate conjunction joining them? INCORRECT [But he had a suggestion, he didn’t raise his hand.] CORRECT Although he had a suggestion, he didn’t raise his hand  Do you understand the meanings of the conjunctions and of the other words in the sentence? Is the sentence logical? Does it make sense? INCORRECT [I know him but his wife.] CORRECT I know him and they were tired, they worked overtime (A) Because (B) In spite (C) Since (D) Although Even though In spite of Although + (Clause) = Though Despite NP + V-ing the fact that + Clause Ex: Although the weather was bad (Clause) , he tried to get to the village In spite of bad weather ( NP), he tried to get to the village In spite of the fact that the weather was bad (Clause), he tried to get to the village Neither Ms Chen Mr Martinez was able to attend the seminar (A) nor (B) and (C) neither (D) or neither … nor … used to show that a negative statement is true of two things: I neither knew nor cared what had happened to him After neither and either you use a singular verb: Neither candidate was selected for the job Neither of and either of are followed by a plural noun or pronoun and a singular or plural verb A plural verb is more informal: Neither of my parents speaks / speak a foreign language When neither… nor… or either… or… are used with two singular nouns, the verb can be singular or plural A plural verb is more informal Please answer the phone it rings (A) during (B) when (C) because (D) and Ex: + When I come to DN, I’ll call you = I’ll call you when I come to DN + Unless he comes, I’ll go = I’ll go unless he comes When/unless/if + S + V ( simple present), S+ will/shall/can/ may/might + V-Inf.) ) When you come to DN, please call me = Please call me when you come to DN When/if + S + V (simple present), V (Infi.) You can look at the clothes in the shop windows, you can’t go in and buy them (A) but (B) or (C) after (D) while The soccer game won’t be postponed it looks like rain (A) because (B) even though (C) since (D) as Eventhough In spite of Although + (Clause) = Though Despite NP + V-ing the fact that + Clause Ex: Although the weather was bad (Clause) , he tried to get to the village In spite of bad weather ( NP), he tried to get to the village In spite of the fact that the weather was bad (Clause), he tried to get to the village profits have improved, we’re all getting bonuses (A) Since (B) Before (C) Although (D) During Since = Because Because he loves her, he’ll get married to her = Since he loves her, he’ll get married to her Ms Adams refused the promotion the large raise (A) because (B) but (C) despite (D) neither Eventhough In spite of Although + (Clause) = Though Despite NP + V-ing the fact that + Clause Ex: Although the weather was bad (Clause) , he tried to get to the village In spite of bad weather ( NP), he tried to get to the village In spite the fact that the weather was bad (Clause), he tried to get to the village The hotel will accept no guests it’s being renovated (A) and (B) while (C) because of (D) after 10 Restaurant food handlers must wear latex gloves health regulations (A) because of (B) because (C) since (D) though Because + clause = Because of + NP Because he loves her, he’ll get married to her He’ll get married to her because of his love for her THANK YOU!
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