ADJECTIVE COMPARISONS

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ADJECTIVE COMPARISONS Comparisons are used to compare only two things There are three different structures to use for comparisons: If the adjective is one syllable (tall), add -er (taller) If the adjective is two syllables and ends with -y (busy), change the y to i and then add -er (busier) If the adjective is two syllables or more (handsome/expensive), put more before it (more handsome/more expensive) If the people or things being compared are used in the sentence, put than after the comparative form (taller than/busier than/more expensive than) Superlatives are used to compare three or more things: If the adjective is one syllable (tall), add -est (tallest) Also put the before it (the tallest) If the adjective is two syllables and ends with -y (busy), change the y to i and then add -est (busiest) Also put the before it (the busiest) If the adjective is two syllables or more (handsome/expensive), put the most before it (the most handsome/the most expensive) STRATEGIES FOR ADJECTIVE COMPARISON ITEMS ASK YOURSELF THESE QUESTIONS:  Is it a comparison of two things? If so, is than used? INCORRECT [He seems more qualified then he is.] CORRECT He seems more qualified than he is  Is it a comparison of more than two things? If so, does the precede the adjective? INCORRECT [Our company submitted highest bid] CORRECT Our company submitted the highest bid  Are two equal things being compared? If so, is as + adjective + as being used? INCORRECT [They are not experienced as they could be] CORRECT They are not as experienced as they could be  Is there an irregular adjective form? If so, be sure to memorize it IRREGULAR ADJECTIVES COMPARATIVE FORMS SUPERLATIVE FORMS good better best bad worse worst far farther, further farthest, furthest little less least many, much more most INCORRECT [This is the good evaluation I’ve ever gotten.] CORRECT This is the best evaluation I’ve ever gotten His last (A) test results showed he was the quickest (B) typist, yet he was the less (C) accurate of all (D) the applicants Yet (conj.) despite what has just been said SYN  Nevertheless: Ex: It’s a small car, yet it’s surprisingly spacious Accurate (adj.) correct and true in every detail: an accurate description / account / calculation Our most promising (A) employee seems more cooperative (B) now she (C) was when she was younger (D) Promising (adj.) showing signs of being good or successful Almost everyone has heard the more famous (A) Olympic saying: “Stronger (B), Higher (C), Faster (D).” The new (A) employees enjoyed their first (B) day at work, although everyone agreed that (C) the lunch was the bad (D) food they had ever eaten Even though their first (A) proposal was considered better (B) and more thorough (C), it wasn’t complete as (D) ours Proposal (for sth) | Proposal (to sth) | Proposal (that … ) a formal suggestion or plan; the act of making a suggestion: to submit / consider / accept /  reject a proposal Thorough (adj.) doing things very carefully and with great attention to detail: She’s very thorough We like to take our preferred (A) clients to that newly opened (B) Middle Eastern restaurant where the service is best than (C) average and the food is superb (D) Superb (adj.) excellent; of very good quality The latest (A) addition to our company, Ms Nakamura, attended one of the wellest (B) known universities, had some of the most famous (C) business instructors, and scored among the highest (D) in her graduating class “Best (A) late than never” is one of the oldest (B) proverbs used in most (C) English-speaking countries and is said to someone who arrives later than (D) everybody else 10 Soon as (A) you see the first (B) attempt by the patient (C) to speak, press the topmost (D) button on this control to alert the nurse Topmost (adj.) [only before noun] (formal) highest: Ẽ: The topmost branches of the tree To alert to warn sb about a dangerous or urgent situation: Ex: Neighbours quickly alerted the emergency services THANK YOU! .. .Comparisons are used to compare only two things There are three different structures to use for comparisons: If the adjective is one syllable (tall), add -er (taller) If the adjective. .. used to compare three or more things: If the adjective is one syllable (tall), add -est (tallest) Also put the before it (the tallest) 2 If the adjective is two syllables and ends with -y (busy),... before it (the busiest) If the adjective is two syllables or more (handsome/expensive), put the most before it (the most handsome/the most expensive) STRATEGIES FOR ADJECTIVE COMPARISON ITEMS ASK
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