Special notes for m a

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Special notes for M.A entry-test I Structures: Causative form a Have/has/had + sb + sth= My father has the repairman fix his laptop = have/has/had + sth + done (v3)= My father has his laptop fixed by the repairman b Get/gets/got + sb + to sth= My father gets the repairman to fix his laptop c = get/gets/got + sth + done (v3)= My father gets his laptop fixed by the repairman Make/have/let/suggest + sb/sth + sth He makes him this project I have my teacher correct my mistakes She lets me stay here tonight My director suggests (that) she go to work on time # verb + sb / sth + to Of + TWOs + the er / more (d) / Of + THREEs + the est / most = (d) = Of these two girls, she is the better / more beautiful = Of the cars you bought yesterday, this is the fastest/most expensive Inversion 1/ No sooner had + sub + V3 than + sub + V2 No sooner had I arrived home than my boss called me 2/ Hardly had + sub + V3 when + sub + V2 Hardly had I just thought about him when he came 3/ Scarcely had + sub + V3 when + sub + V2 Scarcely had I just gone to bed when he called me # further notes on transformation 29 If clauses (1;2;3;4;5) Reported speech Subjunctives It is necessary that he go to work on time Present participle (verb-ing) & past participle (V3) The people who are carrying out this project have an important meeting today = The people (who are) carrying out this project have an important meeting today This is an important project which is carried out in my company = This is an important project (which is) carried out at my company 9 Wish (present – V2) & (simple past – had + V3) I can join the picnic tomorrow = I wish I could join I did not study hard in high school= I wish I had studied 10 Unless If our sales don’t improve soon, we have to cut down work force = Unless sales improve soon, we have to cut down work force 11 It takes / took + sb + how long + to sth It takes me hour to finish this report 12 It’s + adj + (for sb) to sth It’s hard to be on time = to be on time is hard 13 Would rather + 14 Would prefer + to 15 Prefer + doing / noun + to + doing / noun 16 Had better = should = ought to + 17 Neither nor; either or; not only but (also) + “singular or plural verb”; both and + plural verb 18 Although / though / even though + clause +, + clause = Although/though/even though he is rich, he is not happy In spite of / despite + gerund + , + clause Despite / in spite of + Noun phrase + , + clause = Despite / in spite of being rich, he is not happy = despite / in spite of his wealth, he is not happy 19 Used to + do; be/get used to + doing = I used to go to school by bicycle, but now I’m used to going to school by motorcycle 20 The first; the last; the est; the most + to 21 Order of adjectives: Determiner (this/her/one ); Ordinal Adjective (first, second ); Cardinal Adjective (two, four ); Quality (nice, good ), Size(small, large ), Age(old, new ), Length /shape(rounded, square ); Color(black, white ); Nationality(American, Chinese ); Material(wooden, steel ) + Noun (person, table ) Ex: These are her first two beautiful tiny new flat black Japanese wooden chairs II Co-couples 22 A number of + Ns + plural verb = a number of employees are/do The number of + Ns + singular verb = the number of employees is/does (often chosen in writing section) 23 Although/though/even though vs despite/in spite of 24 Affect (v) vs effect(n) 25 Do vs Make 26 Like vs Alike 27 Arrive – shipment 28 Within (future) vs For + period of time 29 Of + number vs about + number = Of; of about; about The profit of FPT is of 2billion 30 At 8am; On Monday; In March; In 1999 31 Cut off (source ) vs cut down (people, investment ) 32 No + noun vs Not + adj, adv, gerund, to 33 Within vs for + period of time (2 days, weeks, months ) 34 Service: subscribe, subscribed, subscription 35 Defect: refund, return, replacement 36 Further, farther, far, furthermore, farly III Chosen answers!!! 37 Premises 38 Since: present perfect + since + simple past (since=because) 39 Takes effect + date; Effective + date 40 Talk about vs discuss 41 Regarding; regardless of; regard, regarded 42 Information = sensitive; confidential; secret; in short; in brief; for more/further information 43 Aim to / aim at doing 44 Spend time/money doing sth - on sth 45 Non-count nouns often tested: Luggage, baggage, furniture, news, mail, information, bread 46 Special Nouns: the Philippines, the U.S, the United Nations, the Netherlands, politics, economics, physics, mathematics (1) 47 one of the; some of the, all of the, most of the + Ns 48 Connectives: so, also, therefore, however, thus, consequently, nevertheless, as a result, besides, moreover, furthermore, next, yet 49 Prepositions in reported speech: thanks to; thank for; accuse of; congratulate on; threaten to; apologize for; look forward to = can’t wait to 50 (that) often chosen!!! To be updated !!! ... out this project have an important meeting today This is an important project which is carried out in my company = This is an important project (which is) carried out at my company 9 Wish (present... 40 Talk about vs discuss 41 Regarding; regardless of; regard, regarded 42 Information = sensitive; confidential; secret; in short; in brief; for more/further information 43 Aim to / aim at doing... V2 Hardly had I just thought about him when he came 3/ Scarcely had + sub + V3 when + sub + V2 Scarcely had I just gone to bed when he called me # further notes on transformation 29 If clauses
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