English grammar in use (essential) supplementary exercises (2nd ed) (2007)

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CAMBRIDGE Essential Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises SECOND EDITION Helen Naylor with Raymond Murphy with answers Essential Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises With Answers Helen Naylor with Raymond Murphy CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS Cambridge, New York, Melbourne, Madrid, Cape Town, Singapore, Sao Paulo, Delhi Cambridge University Press The Edinburgh Building, Cambridge CB2 8RU, UK www.cambridge.org Information on this title: www.cambridge.org/9780521675420 © Cambridge University Press 0 This publication is in copyright Subject to statutory exception and to the provisions of relevant collective licensing agreements, no reproduction of any part may take place without the written permission of Cambridge University Press First published 0 3rd printing 0 Printed in Dubai by Oriental Press A catalogue record for this publication is available from the British ISBN ISBN ISBN ISBN ISBN 978-0-521-675420 978-0-521-675413 978-0-521-675802 978-0-521-675819 978-0-521-675444 Essential Essential Essential Essential Essential Grammar Grammar Grammar Grammar Grammar Library in Use Supplementary Exercises with Answers in Use Supplementary Exercises without Answers in Use with Answers in Use without Answers in Use C D - R O M Cambridge University Press has no responsibility for the persistence or accuracy of URLs for external or third-party Internet websites referred to in this publication, and does not guarantee that any content on such websites is, or will remain, accurate or appropriate Information regarding prices, travel timetables and other factual information given in this work are correct at the time of first printing but Cambridge University Press does not guarantee the accuracy of such information thereafter Produced by Kamae Design, Oxford Contents To the student v To the teacher v Exercises 1-5 am/is/are 6-9 I am doing 10-14 I do/work/like (present continuous) (present simple) 15-19 I am doing and I 20-21 have got 22-29 was/were and I worked/got/went (present continuous and present simple) (past) 30-32 I was doing and I did 33-35 I / I am doing and I did / I was doing (past continuous and past simple) (present and past, simple and continuous) 36-39 I have done 40-43 How long have you ? (present perfect) (present perfect questions) 44-49 I have done and I did 50-52 I / I have done / I did (present perfect and past simple) (present, present perfect and past) 53-57 is done / was done and is being done / has been don 58-60 be/have/do and regular/irregular verbs (passive) (verb forms) 61 - What are you doing tomorrow? 64-66 I'm going to 67-70 will/shall 71 - I am doing / I am going to / I'll 75-76 might 77-80 can and could 81-82 must (the future: present tenses) (future forms) mustn't 83-85 should 86-87 I have to 88-90 Do this! 91-92 I used to don't need to Don't that! Let's this! 93-94 there and it 95-99 I 63 you? so I I don't 64 (auxiliary verbs) 100-105 is it ? have you ? they ? 67 (questions) 106-109 Do you know where ? 110-111 She said that 71 He told me that (reported speech) 73 112-118 doing 75 119-120 121-125 I to make me have my 78 mine myself 79 (pronouns and possessives) 126-128 129-132 Kate's camera 81 a/an and some (singular and plural) 82 133-136 a/an and the 84 137-141 some 142-143 someone 144-145 every and all 146-147 all 148-149 both 150-152 a lot / much / many 53-1 54 old / nice / interesting any no none anything most nowhere 88 89 some either 86 any no none neither 90 91 (a) little / (a) few quickly / badly / suddenly 92 94 (adjectives and adverbs) 5 - 59 older (than) the oldest not as old as 95 160-164 enough and too 165-166 word order 167-168 and 169-171 if we go and if we went 102 172-174 a person (who) 103 (comparatives and superlatives) but 98 100 or so because when a thing (that/which) 101 (relative clauses) 175-177 at 178-180 in until before 105 (prepositions of time) under through 107 (prepositions of place and movement) 181-183 good at (doing) listen to 184-185 go in, fall off, run away 109 (prepositions before and after verbs) 111 (phrasal verbs) IV Key 112 Thanks 128 To the student This book is for elementary (and lower intermediate) students who want extra practice in grammar It covers most of the grammar areas in Essential Grammar in Use You can use it without a teacher There are 185 exercises in this new edition Each exercise relates to a particular part of Essential Grammar in Use: Third Edition You can find the Essential Grammar in Use unit numbers in the top right-hand corner of each page You can use this book if you don't have Essential Grammar in Use because all the answers, with lots of alternatives, are given in the Key (pages 1 - ) But if you want an explanation of the grammar points, you'll need to check in Essential Grammar in Use The grammar points covered in this book are not in order of difficulty, so you can go straight to the parts where you need most practice But where there are several exercises on one grammar point, you will find that the easier ones come first So, it is a good idea to follow the exercise order in each section Many of the exercises are in the form of letters, conversations or short articles You can use these as models for writing or speaking practice To the teacher Essential Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises offers extra practice of most of the grammar covered in Essential Grammar in Use: Third Edition Much of the language is contextualised within dialogues, letters, articles, etc., encouraging students to consider meaning as well as form This book can be used as self-study material or as a basis for further practice in class or as homework It is designed for students who have already worked through the exercises in Essential Grammar in Use (or elsewhere), but who need more, or more challenging, practice It is particularly useful for revision work The exercises are organised in the same order as the units of Essential Grammar in Use, and the numbers of the relevant Essential Grammar in Use units are shown in the top right-hand corner of each page Although the grammar areas are not covered in order of difficulty in the book as a whole, there is a progression where several exercises are offered on one area For example, Exercise requires students to use given verbs in the correct form, Exercise requires them to write complete positive and negative sentences, and Exercise requires them to write complete questions within the context of a conversation The contextualised practice in the book offers the opportunity for much further writing practice, using the exercises as models or springboards for speaking and writing practice of a freer nature The symbol >p|g is used where a student is required to write freely from personal experience Units 1-2 am/is/are Complete the description of Hannah, and her family and friends Use the words from the box 'm (am) / 'm not (am not) 'Hello, I (l) '.HO 's (is) / isn't (is not) 're (are) / aren't (are not) Hannah I (2) JTLML British I (3) sport (4) basketball, but I (5) from Canada My favourite a good player because I (6) very tall This (7) (9) my brother, Josh He (8) interested in sport He thinks it boring Mark and Steffi (10) holiday It (12) our friends They (11) at work today because it's a Steffi's birthday today - she (13) 18 years old.' Write what Hannah says about her father Thai's my f a i r e r (Steve) (45 years old) (engineer) (interested in cars) (not at work today - sick) Rose works for a magazine She is asking a man some questions Complete the questions Ml^.L.ffiL name? from? old ? eyes? job? afraid of? favourite actor? here? Thank you for answering my questions Alberto Simonetti Italy 20 Brown I'm a student Snakes and spiders A1 Pacino Because I want to visit your country You're welcome Units 1-2 am/is/are Look at the words in the boxes and answer the questions W r i t e two sentences, one positive and one negative Which of these buildings is old? T h e Opera House in Sydney T h e Acropolis in Athens Which of these countries are islands? Cuba Iceland Scotland Cuba, ax\d Iceland are Scotland ax\d islands Which of these vegetables are green? carrots peas onions Which of these animals are big? cats whales elephants Which of these is expensive? gold milk ice-cream Which of these are you interested in? politics music sport Russia am/is/are ED3BB Look at the photo of a family group Read the answers first, then write the questions about the people YOU: (l) M^.P.!? ^ ^ ^.^ ' ? MARIA: That's my father He's a dentist YOU: (2) MARIA: He's ? YOU: (3) MARIA: Yes, it is She's a dentist, too YOU: (4) MARIA: That's my sister, Laura YOU: (5) that mother? ? ? MARIA: She's YOU: (6) MARIA: N o , it's Laura's husband YOU: (7) MARIA: Ferdinand your brother? ? YOU: (8) MARIA: Yes That's Ella and Francisco their children? Write sentences using the words from the box Include some questions ( W h e r e is ?, Are your parents ? etc.) Use each word at least once 18 I is/isn't your parents expensive Jim's book am/am not an engineer Anna where old Spanish at work are/aren't how AflMr I&ll k Spoils VI W^.ere Is Juno.' book? I I am doing Units 3-4, Appendix (present continuous) Q j How you spell it? Write the continuous form (-ing) of these verbs in the correct list arrive lie live b^11 make come play -gey put dance rob decide start -diestop dig forget swim tie have wear help win laugh work listen write Complete the postcard with the correct form of the present continuous (is/are + -ing) Sometimes the verb is negative (isn't/aren't + -ing) t Key 31 Did you see was reading telephoned was sitting drinking Was was working did you go went broke was washing were dropped Did you think was didn't write was dreaming was happened was raining weren't going Were broke cut wasn't talking were you talking 32 Where was Joan Turner? What was Mrs Jones doing? Where was Mrs Walters going? Were the robbers carrying guns? Where was the big car waiting? Was the driver a man or a woman? Did you see a man on the corner? Were some men repairing the road? 10 Was anyone waiting at the bus stop? 11 Did you phone the police? 13 was in the baker's 14 was walking along the street 15 was going into the baker's 16 were carrying 17 was waiting opposite the bank 18 was a woman 19 was standing were repairing were waiting 2 phoned 33 What does What does What does Where did holiday? he he he he do? study? like? go for his last Where did he stay? What did he on holiday? Example answer: Jill is and she lives in Dublin She's a computer programmer and she studied mathematics at university She likes travelling, swimming and chocolate Last year she went to Thailand for one month with friends She stayed in a hotel by the sea and she did lots of water sports (Use the paragraphs about Marco and Jill to help you with your answer.) 34 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 OK usually go didn't have are you looking 're/are wearing bought is Tim doing fell moved you likes swims love 'm making 's swimming 36 10 11 12 hasn't heard 've lost 've (already) bought hasn't got have (you) taken 've (never) tried has (he) invited has written Has (he) lost 've broken haven't seen 37 OK Have you ever had Have you ever broken Have you ever eaten Have you ever travelled Have you ever lost Have you ever slept Have you ever climbed OK OK He has broken his leg (twice) He has travelled in a canoe He has slept outside He has climbed a high mountain Did he hurt woke didn't watch don't usually watch went 35 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 was went was sitting walked saw was was is made were had did it happen were riding stopped fell broke talk Do you ride stopped Two of the following: And the following: Example answers: He has never eaten crocodile He has never lost his way I've broken my arm once I've never slept outside 38 have (they) gone have (they) been have(n't) been 's gone 's gone ' s (already) been 39 have done 's/has travelled or been 's/has met or seen 's/has made or earned or won 's/has (already) written 115 Key 10 's/has ridden 's/has (just) sold or sent 've/have played 've/have (never) been 40 How long have you been married to Paul? For How long have you had a (new) dog? Since How long have you worked as a hairdresser? Since How long has Paul been a train driver? For How long have your parents lived with you? For How long has your mother looked after the baby? Since How long has your father been ill? Since 41 Example answers: 3 years ago for three years or since 2003 10 years ago since Monday or for three days years ago years ago since the summer or for a month 42 10 've been 've been waiting 's been 'shad 's been shining went 's lived or 's been living got married 's known 43 John's been talking for minutes They've been walking for six hours You've been watching T V since o'clock this morning Laura's been feeling sick since lunchtime Fred's been travelling for two days / since June 28th It's been raining for 12 hours 44 When did John lose his job? How long has Ricardo had a cat? What time did you finish work last night? When was the last time you had a holiday? How long did you watch T V last night? When did Chris go out? How long has your father been in hospital? 45 I've been here since last year OK She was a photographer five years ago James and I met last March OK John has been looking for a new job since last month Did you speak to your parents last night? I've played the guitar since I was a child 10 What did you last night? 46 B A B A A 47 has Jane/she had her computer has been a politician for has worked here or has been working here haven't finished it/my homework met his best friend, Ahmed, have had flu for has been interested in music 48 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 reached have just started did (they) spend took arrived has been said have worked / have been working has been won has won was scored has been left have had was 49 've lost did (you last) see left bought has (he) had haven't finished started Did (you) see Have (you ever) seen ' v e also touched was was 's crashed has (she) done 50 have you worked / have you been working Do you like was are you looking is Has it gone/disappeared 51 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 was watched ate had enjoyed 'm writing 'm sitting had was 've been came have (got) was Do you like 's practising 've just sent Key 18 did you find or have you found 19 left 's sitting 52 time you spent with me very much We had some good fun You left a big box of chocolates for my parents Thank you We've just finished them - they were delicious And thank you also for the CDs They arrived yesterday I haven't played all of them yet At the moment I'm listening to 'Paradise Rock' It's very good My mother found your photo album the day you left I sent it back two weeks ago Have you received it yet? Do you remember Steve? We met him at Sue's party Well, he came to my house last week He asked for your address, so I gave it to him I hope that's OK He's in California now on business I'm looking out of the window at the moment The sun's shining and it's a beautiful warm day In fact, it has been sunny every day since you went back to San Francisco Honestly! The CD has just finished Tell your brother I love his music Does he want a publicity agent in London? (Use exercise SI to help you with your answer.) 53 Down chosen written made found thought 10 felt 11 shot Across read bought grown spoken 10 forgotten 12 held 13 taken 14 built 67 How many languages are spoken in the world? Where is coffee grown? What is the country of Siam now called? When was the first photograph taken? Where were CDs first made? When was the Taj Mahal built? Where was John Lennon shot? 55 is locked are checked is being made are being put isn't exported is washed is allowed 10 is being served 56 what has been done The lamp has been repaired The glass has been broken The lights have been switched/turned off The window has been closed, what hasn't been done The computer hasn't been switched off The chairs haven't been repaired 57 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 was taken caused were covered left walked are being repaired has disappeared have (just) been removed have (just) heard blew is waiting was was sent kicked was hurt crashed was carried played is being taken 2 thinks is happening are being given Example answers: Bank robbery: € million taken Thieves entered a bank in Bergamo yesterday and took € million Six members of staff were locked in a room, but no-one was hurt Police are now looking for a white van which was used to take away the money Dog attacks man outside supermarket A man was attacked by a dog outside the Laftis supermarket yesterday afternoon He was bitten on the arms and legs The man was taken to hospital, but he has now been released Local woman wins lottery A 55-year-old woman has won £3 million in the lottery Jane Smith, a shop assisstant from Brighton, was told the news on Sunday morning Car hits actor on bike The actor James Grady was hit by a car yesterday afternoon while he was cycling with friends An ambulance was called and Grady was taken to hospital The driver of the car was later arrested for dangerous driving 58 10 has was doesn't haven't is were weren't are didn't 59 gave forgot found left showed taken escaped caught thought done 117 Key wore given learnt/learned fell swum 10 felt went slept 60 10 have you Did you Was it did you Have you was it Does it or Do you Do you Has he 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 bought had got chose read made learnt took put sent used shown 61 'm having is coming is getting married are going 'm driving does (the meeting) start 'm talking leaves/goes/is 62 Example answers: I'm going to the cinema I'm having lunch with my sister I'm playing football I'm working on Sunday 63 When does the check-in desk open? How are we travelling to the airport? Where are we meeting Jane? Where are we staying for the first night? 118 What time does the flight land? Who's meeting us at the airport in Beijing? Example answer: We're meeting at a.m and the check-in desk opens at quarter past seven We're going to the airport by train and we're meeting Jane at the station We're staying at the Plaza Hotel in Beijing for the first night The flight lands at o'clock in the afternoon and someone from the hotel is meeting us 64 What are you going to buy for Paul's birthday? Is he going to have a party? Are you going to buy a new computer? What kind are you going to get? What's Sarah going to after university? How long is she going to be away? Are Chris and Kate going to get married? Where are they going to live? 65 Example answers: I'm going to listen to some rock music I'm not going to spend a lot of money My brother is going to play on the computer My mother is not going to eat some chocolate My friend, Colin, is going to some work I'm going to email some friends 66 's going to have She's going to be He's going to They're going to I'm going to 67 N o , he won't He'll probably be in the city centre True N o , he won't He'll be with his friends Tvi/iG No, he won't He'll be No, they won't They'll probably be at school He doesn't know where he'll be in Example answers: This evening I'll probably be at home Tomorrow morning I'll probably be at school Next month I'll be on holiday A few years from now I'll probably have a good job In I don't know where I'll be 68 Example answers: I don't think I'll walk I think I'll go by car I don't think he'll fail (his history exam) I think he'll pass I think they'll go to Australia I don't think they'll stay in Scotland I think she'll stay at the garage I don't think she'll change jobs I don't think she'll buy a new computer I think she'll keep her old computer 69 Shall Shall Shall Shall Shall Shall I I I I I I make close open/do turn take clean/wash 70 Shall we stay Shall we use/take Key Shall we drive or Shall we go by car shall we go Shall I ask/invite 71 are you doing are going will fly shall we go We're not going to camp we'll probably stay We're going to have I'll phone 72 It'll probably be about three hours I'm going to the dentist at 5.30 When does the next term begin? What are you going to during the holidays? My school doesn't finish until next week Then I'm going to look for a job for the summer I'm going to visit my grandmother I'm going to take it to the garage tomorrow I'll lend you mine I'll pay for the petrol 73 10 11 'm seeing '11 make does (the sun) rise are (you) going OK '11 snow OK '11 call OK 74 I'll buy/get you another one I'm going shopping with my sister I'll ring/(tele)phone/call you this evening Tony and Rachel are coming to dinner tonight you'll like it What are you doing I'm going to the seaside 75 might take/get a taxi they might not come I might invite/ask Sarah I might not invite/ask Tony She might buy/get some jeans she might not buy/get anything 76 He's going to walk along the Great Wall He might go on a boat trip down the Yangtse River He's not going to eat western food He might try green tea He's going to learn a little Chinese He might not come home 77 can can't can't can't can 10 11 12 could see couldn't get couldn't climb couldn't phone could see 78 can't cook couldn't sleep couldn't understand can't come couldn't catch couldn't play can't see 79 He could play the guitar he couldn't sing He could swim really well he couldn't ride a bike he can't play the guitar He can play the piano he can't drive a car Example answers: When I was younger, I could sleep for a long time I couldn't speak English Now, I can drive a car I can't cook very well 80 Could I borrow a hair dryer, please? Could you give me a wakeup call at in the morning, please? Could I have breakfast in my room tomorrow morning, please? Could I leave my passport and traveller's cheques in the hotel safe, please? Could you get a taxi for me, please? (You can also use can in these situations.) 81 must study mustn't watch don't need to buy any food / go shopping must take your medicine mustn't get up don't need to eat anything Example answers: 82 Example answers: I must email my friend because I want to ask him something I mustn't shout at my brother because he cries when I I don't need to take the dog for a walk tonight because I took him this morning don't need to go to the gym today because I went yesterday for hours had to work late must go to bed had to stay with a friend had to go to the dentist must hurry 83 You should go You shouldn't eat/have You should take/have You shouldn't work/read/ use the computer You should tell You shouldn't lend/give 119 Key 84 89 Do you think I should ask Do you think I/we should go Do you think I/we should get/buy/have 85 Example answers: I think / don't think she should go to the party I think / don't think she should (stay at home and) study I think / I don't think he should stay at school I think / I don't think he should listen to his parents I think / I don't think they should be careful with their money I think / don't think they should go out every night 86 Do I have to write don't have to shout didn't have to choose has to stay didn't have to tell 87 10 Did you have to did you have to travel don't have to wear had to wear has to work does he have to take has to get didn't have to had to take 88 Don't eat Don't use Wash up Throw the rubbish away Don't play music Lock the door carefully Example answers: Clean the shower after you use it Make a cup of coffee for me every evening Don't borrow my clothes Don't make a noise when you come in 120 93 Turn Walk Cross Take Ask Example answer: Go straight up Banbury Road Turn left at the cinema Walk along Stone Avenue and then take the first road on the right It's called Wessex Street Cross the road and you'll see the supermarket 90 Example answers: Don't open Have a piece of or Have some Let's not have or Don't let's have Let's go to the new Turn the music down Don't ask me questions 91 used used used used used used used used Example I used day I used I used I used to to to to to to to to be play swim/fish live walk eat/cook work be answers: to go to the park every to like drawing to listen to cassettes to live in a small village 92 10 11 12 13 used to used to wear used to used to used to used to ride used to go used to hate live hunt cook take off spend wear take be 10 11 12 there's it's there's there are Is there there are Are there there aren't Is it There isn't It's 94 10 11 It's there wasn't it was There's it was it was there was It's There's / There it's 95 10 Don't you? Can't he? Did I? Doesn't she? Haven't you? Aren't you? Was he? Were you? Has she? 96 didn't you you haven't you isn't it were they have you 97 Tim doesn't have a girlfriend at the moment, but Damian does Tim was good at school, but Damian wasn't Tim went to university, but Damian didn't Tim enjoys listening to other bands, but Damian doesn't Tim hasn't been to many countries, but Damian has Key 98 wasn't born didn't live can't speak haven't got isn't don't live won't be 99 I Neither have I I'm not So did I Neither I So will I neither can Meg neither has Meg so did Meg neither does Meg so will Meg 11 12 13 14 15 Example answers: Julia and Meg can't play volleyball and neither can I Meg likes jazz and so I Julia and Meg haven't got any brothers and neither have I Meg isn't looking for a new job and neither am I 100 What you do? Did you go to university? or study at university? Are you married? Where/How did you meet your wife? Have you got any children? or Do you have 10 Does Emily go to school? Does your wife work? Do you enjoy your job? How much holiday you have/get? 101 are you going to say happened likes told 's playing 102 does she come from? or is she from? 's she waiting for? 's she talking to? did it belong to? 's he looking at? are they talking about? 103 Where did you Who did you What was What have you How did you Does it What time does it How long does it Which jacket shall I 104 Why didn't you ring me last night? W h o are you giving that present to? How much has Mary spent? Where did J o go for her holidays last year? How long does it take to get to your school? What you usually in the evenings? What happened yesterday evening? When was the Taj Mahal built? 105 10 11 What you want to see? Have you seen it? W h o did you go with? What was it like? would you like to something else? Why don't you come to my house? How long are they going to be away? Can I bring anything for dinner? What you want to talk to me about? how long does it take to walk to your house from the station? or from the station to your house? 106 I don't know if he'll go and work abroad I don't know if his fiancee is Spanish I don't know where he met this wonderful woman I don't know how long they've known each other I don't know when the wedding is I don't know if we're invited 107 Do you know what he was wearing? Do you know who was with him? or who he was with? Do you know how much it / the camera cost? Do you know what kind of shop he went into? or Do you know which shop Do you know why the person (with him) was laughing? Do you know where the train was going to? 108 Do you know why all the shops are closed today? Do you know where the Regent Hotel is? Do you know how much the tickets cost/are? Do you know when M r Collins died? Do you know if there's a Chinese restaurant nearby / near here? 109 Example answers: Do you know if the subway closes at night? Do you know if you can go up the Statue of Liberty? Do you know what's on at the theatre? Do you know where I can buy some stamps? 121 Key 110 he had (got) a few days' holiday (he) was going to Italy he was ill (he) had been in bed for two days she didn't like parties (she) couldn't dance his sister was arriving from Australia on Saturday 10 he was going to meet her at the airport 11 she loved parties 12 (she) would be free on Saturday 111 Paul said you didn't work here on Mondays Stuart said you'd gone out Simon said you were at lunch and (you) would be back soon Mike said you left early on Mondays Diana said you were making a cup of tea Mary said she didn't know (where you were) Example answer: I was in the chairman's office 112 10 A B C B B C C C C 113 10 11 12 122 to go to be to tell to drive to let to slowing to see to come talking 13 to go 14 writing 114 told David not to play with that knife didn't let his young sons play with toy guns persuaded Jane to come swimming with us didn't expect you to fail the exam or expected you to pass made me pay back all the money I (had) borrowed 11 5 do doing to doing to Example answers: They made me go to bed early They never let me go to other children's houses I don't mind washing the dishes I've always wanted to learn to dive I most enjoy watching a video or D V D I'd like to be a doctor 116 Example answers: invite her to my party some information to pay the bills / for my holiday to make a cup of coffee / for a knife to finish her work / for sport to see the new Disney film / for a letter 117 The correct answers are: doesn't mind / likes made / let use / learn started / suggested forgot / don't need told / advised 173 10 11 12 holding having to swim to bring leaving to go to go to study telling 119 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 made made make makes made doing to made making or to did did to 120 Do you have a temperature? or Have you got What are we going to have for lunch today? or What are we having Can you have a look at my computer? or Could you H o w many jobs have you had? Shall we have a walk later? 121 10 11 12 him I We It me he them they its my our Key 13 14 15 16 My his their her 122 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 you your me my mine They them I her us his he him him them Their hers mine yours their your 123 by herself each other myself each other 124 cut themselves understand each other went by herself enjoyed ourselves wrote each other 125 James gave me those books I really like them Some friends of theirs told them the news Pat gave her brother a D V D and he gave her a book M y sister and her husband don't love each other any more They aren't happy together John is a good friend of mine OK I like this house but its windows are broken 10 know Mary, but I don't know her brother I l l sometimes ask myself why I work in a noisy city 126 Anne's car Elena's house the students' books my sister's birthday Mrs Penn's cakes grandparents' house Chris's parents 127 The computer games are Alan's The books are Alan's The football is Mike's The chocolates are Mike's or The box of chocolates is Mike's The (running) shoes are Alan's The guitar is Alan's The magazine is Mike's 128 John's favourite team the result of the match your parents' anniversary party the windows of the house the telephone number of the station Mark Turner's daughter 129 an empty glass a difficult question an old book a hot day a cheap hotel a young man a heavy bag an interesting film 130 watches tomatoes feet teeth women children babies sheep 10 days 131 The correct answers are: A A/C B/C A A C A/B 132 some suntan oil some CDs a CD player some perfume / a bottle of perfume a pair of sunglasses some books a pair of jeans some face cream a map two pairs of trousers some/three T-shirts some money a (rain)coat/jacket Example answers: a camera, a guidebook, a sunhat, a dictionary, a pair of walking boots, some books 133 a (musician) the (best) an (idea) the (new) the (station) a (taxi) the (city centre) the (kitchen) a (guest) the (dining room) the (capital) a (large) the (third) an (old) a (large) the (middle) the (country) a (dog) the (dog) the (same; an (older) the (most) 10 the (nearest) , the (end) the (left) a (bus stop) 134 the station manager an Italian restaurant the left 123 Key 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 the Information Centre the restaurant a woman the kitchen the man OK the same the papers the police OK the table 135 the the the - 10 - 11 the 12 - 13 14 15 136 - the the the - - - 137 10 any some some some any some any some any 138 124 something someone/somebody something anyone/anybody something anything Someone/Somebody anything 139 144 haven't got any money / don't have any money or have (got) no money haven't got any chocolates / don't have any chocolates or have (got) no chocolates aren't any (biscuits) or are no biscuits isn't any milk or 's no milk haven't got any food / don't have any food or have (got) no food isn't any time or 's no time all all Every 140 any None OK any any OK no some 141 10 None no any Some no some any any some 142 10 nowhere nothing someone/somebody somewhere No-one/Nobody someone/somebody anything something anywhere 143 something to eat nothing to anyone/anybody to play anywhere to stay something to wear anything to say / to talk about all every all 145 Everyone/Everybody everything everywhere everywhere everyone/everybody 146 of of - 10 11 of of of 147 Some of Richard's colleagues walk to work or Some of them walk All (of) Richard's colleagues have (got) a car or All of them have M o s t of Richard's colleagues use their car every day or Most of them use Some of Lisa's friends go to the cinema every month All (of) Lisa's friends play some kind of sport, or All of them play None of Lisa's friends study every night, or None of them study Most of Lisa's friends enjoy dancing, or Most of them enjoy Example answers All of us take regular exercise Most of us play some kind of sport Some of us enjoy dancing None of us study every night 148 Neither either Both Both of either of Neither Key 173 Example answers: Both of us like dancing Neither of us has got a brother Both of us go to the gym every day Neither of us is married Both of us have to learn English Neither of us drives a car 150 There isn't much champagne There isn't any orange juice There isn't much cake There aren't any sandwiches There isn't much fish There aren't many cherries 151 How much milk you like in your coffee? (A lot / Not (very) much / A little / None.) How many cars can you see out of the window? (A lot / Not (very) many / A few / None.) How much money you spend in one month? (A lot / Not (very) much / A little / None.) How many good friends you have? (A lot / Not (very) many / A few / None.) How much water you drink every day? (A lot / Not (very) much / A little / None.) How many pairs of socks you have? (A lot / Not (very) many / A few / None.) 152 a few a few little 153 old hotel hot water little a little famous places/sights delicious food/meals friendly people difficult language busy roads/streets/towns big country/place 154 happy good well good brilliantly fantastic 10 11 12 13 carefully well delicious badly hard quickly 155 than more as as more more 10 11 12 colder/worse as as more than (Use the paragraphs about the USA and Australia to help you with your answer.) 156 Life is more expensive than it was People are not as friendly as they were Films are more violent than they were People live longer than they did Houses are better than they were Families are not as big as they were 10 Children have (got) more freedom than they had 11 People eat better food than they did 157 B, C, A: The python is the longest snake and the rattlesnake is longer than the cobra B, A, C: Antarctica is the coldest place and Scotland is colder than France A, C, B: The cheetah is the fastest animal and the lion is faster than the mouse C, B, A: ' O f ' is the most common preposition in English and 'at' is more common than 'into' A, C, B: The Great White Shark is the most dangerous creature and the scorpion is more dangerous than the cockroach 158 Who's the most interesting person you've ever met? What's the most frightening experience you've ever had? What's the worst film you've ever seen? What's the most expensive thing you've ever bought? What's the most unusual food you've ever eaten? Which is the largest city you've ever visited? 159 J o lives much further away now My mum is the same age as my dad OK This is the oldest house in the city Traffic in the city is worse in the evenings This dictionary is the best I've ever had Paul isn't as lazy as he seems OK 10 Meg is the most intelligent person in her family 11 It's not as warm as it was yesterday 12 This is the most comfortable chair in the room 160 Have you got enough money to pay for the tickets? Have you got enough information to answer the question? 125 Key Has he worked hard enough to pass his exams? Are there enough plates for everyone? Is your tea sweet enough or would you like some more sugar? 161 sharp enough to cut enough money to buy well enough to go enough time to answer/do warm enough to play 162 ate/had too many chocolates is too much traffic or are too many cars are too many people is too hot drank/had too much coffee 163 There aren't enough cinemas There's too much noise and dirt The parks are too small, or The parks aren't big enough There aren't enough things to in the evenings There are too many tourists Example answers: There are too many cars and not enough parking spaces There aren't enough tennis courts The shops aren't open long enough There's too much noise in the city centre 164 No, they're not old enough to get married, or they're too young to Yes, he's old enough to drive a car No, she's not old enough to buy a dog or she's too young to Yes, he's old enough to leave school No, she's too young to vote, or she's not old enough to 165 Maria rarely goes to bed before midnight I've got lots of friends, but they are all on holiday at the moment I like chocolate very much When you usually your homework? I can never remember my car registration number Carmen always arrives home late from work Clare is a good piano player She's also learning to play the guitar John and Steve? They are both living in Brazil now 10 Jose finished his exams yesterday 166 'm still looking for haven't found them yet 's still raining haven't seen the sun yet haven't got up yet ' m still in bed hasn't apologised yet 'm still angry 'm still driving haven't bought a new car yet 167 10 11 12 13 14 but and or but so and (but is also possible) so because (but is also possible) so or and because 168 while you were at work until you're better when I'm speaking on the phone When I finish college While I was walking home before we leave the house When I heard the news 10 when I'm in town 169 we're we miss the beginning of we don't understand we're bored we fall asleep 170 if I had one if she weren't/wasn't ill it doesn't rain you found he got up he won't tell 171 If I weren't/wasn't (so) busy at college, I'd go on holiday If it had a bigger memory, I'd buy it I wouldn't buy it if I were/was you We'll miss the train if he doesn't arrive soon 172 which crashed into mine was green 's the newspaper which was on the table which was left on the bus yesterday belongs to spoke to an assistant who had long, dark hair writes books which are translated into many languages who went to last night's concert enjoyed it Key 173 worked in was called 'Bangles' was watching on T V were playing in a river of the friends Sally stayed with Kate went on holiday with live in the same street I'm reading was written over 0 years ago you were waiting for arrive man Fiona's playing tennis with 174 who/that wrote over 100 books (which/that) we went to see last week (who/that) I told you about (which/that) she started which/that gave me the money to study in America who/that made tennis popular who/that had six wives 175 at midnight on 2 November 1963 at night in winter at am in at the weekend on Thursday morning 176 before In at in After/In From to/until In 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 after in on in in Since for 177 to/until During After while for before since until 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 on After in from to/until until at for 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 At while Before until since In At (Use the paragraphs about Jess Brewer to help you with your answer) 178 It's on the left, on the top shelf, between the pasta and the bread They're on the right, on the bottom shelf, opposite the nuts It's on the right, on the middle shelf, next to the cola It's on the right, on the top shelf, above the cola They're below the cola, on the bottom shelf, in the middle, between the biscuits and the chocolate Example answers: It's on the right, on the top shelf, opposite the bread It's on the left, on the middle shelf, in the middle, between the sugar and the eggs 179 at in at to at in at 10 11 12 13 14 in to to to to - 180 past/(a)round along/down (a)round under on/onto on off 10 out of 11 through 12 across 13 into 14 over 181 are different from the ones/apples you bought yesterday 'm not interested in rugby 'm fed up with (the) rain is afraid of storms isn't very good at cooking is nice to her elderly neighbours is full of furniture are you angry with Liz? 182 about/for not writing of/about leaving in selling with saying of being at selling 183 to about to at - for 10 11 12 13 for to with at for to 184 up off away/off off/away back down over on up on up down in 185 switch / turn the light on or switch / turn on the light Put your glasses on give it / the money back (to you) or give (you) back the money pick it / the magazine up or pick up the magazine turn it / your music / the music / down or turn down your/the music turn it off throw them away/out 127 Thanks The authors would like to thank Alison Sharpe and Jessica Roberts of Cambridge University Press for advice and support, and Liz Driscoll for her helpful suggestions and great editing Also, everyone at Kamae for their creative design work Photo Acknowledgements The publishers are grateful to the following for permission to reproduce copyright photographs and material: Key: = left, c = centre, r = right, t = top, b = bottom Alamy Images/©Tibor Bognar for p 11; Art Directors & TRIP for p 108; Corbis/OJohn Springer Collection for p , /©Royalty Free for p , /©Bill Varie for p , /©Hans Strand for p 85, /©Goegel/Zefa for p 93; Getty Images for pp 7(t), 7(b), , , 99; Photolibrary/©The Travel Library Ltd for p 9; Punchstock/©PhotoAlto for p 8; R e x Features for pp , , Picture Research by Hilary Luckcock Essential Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises With answers • New Edition A thoroughly updated and revised new edition to accompany Essential Grammar in Use Third Edition The book contains a wealth of additional exercises which provide students with extra practice of the grammar they have studied Suitable for class work or for self-study, the exercises offer excellent revision, consolidation and extension opportunities This new edition: • provides contrastive practice of the grammar areas covered in Essential Grammar in Use Third Edition • has a wide variety of exercise types, including many based on different kinds of texts, for added interest • is clearly cross-referenced to Essential Grammar in Use Third Edition but is flexible enough to be used independently • contains a complete key, making it an ideal self-study practice book • has a fresh new design and is attractively illustrated Also available: Essential Grammar in Use Third Edition with answers Cambridge Essential English Dictionary in Use Essential Grammar in Use ISBN 978-0-521-67543-7 CAMBRIDGE Essential English Dictionary / / ISBN 978-0-521-00537-1 m CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS www.cambridge.org ... Essential Grammar Grammar Grammar Grammar Grammar Library in Use Supplementary Exercises with Answers in Use Supplementary Exercises without Answers in Use with Answers in Use without Answers in Use. .. Essential Grammar in Use: Third Edition You can find the Essential Grammar in Use unit numbers in the top right-hand corner of each page You can use this book if you don't have Essential Grammar in Use. .. can use these as models for writing or speaking practice To the teacher Essential Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises offers extra practice of most of the grammar covered in Essential Grammar
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