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Ngày đăng: 05/05/2019, 08:24

A MỘT SỐ LƯU Ý ĐỂ LÀM TỐT BÀI TẬP NÀY: - Các thời tiếp diễn mang tính chất thời điểm (Tức hành động diễn thời điểm nói) - Các thời HTHTTD, QKHTTD: diễn tả qá trình LIÊN TỤC đến TƯƠNG LAI ==> Hay dùng với động từ có tính chất q trình: learn, live, drive, study, play, work, make, wear,… - Since/For: + Since (kể từ khi) + MỐC thời gian: Sine 1993, Sine p.m ==> CT QUAN TRỌNG: (HTHT), SINCE + QKĐ, (HTHT) + For + KHOẢNG thời gian: For a month/a year - When +Clause, Clause: + C1: HTĐ, TLĐ VD: when I get older, I’ll become a doctor + C2: QKĐ, QKĐ ==> hành động nối tiếp khứ VD: When I was young, I liked Reading book + C3: QKĐ, QKTD ==> Hành động xảy (QKTD) hành động khác xen vào (QKĐ) VD:When I was teaching, he entered my class + C4: QKĐ, QKHT ==> Hành động xảy trước hành động khác khứ + Hành động xảy trước: QKHT + Hành động xả sau: QKĐ VD: When we came home, my father had left - Before: (QKHT), Before + QKĐ, (QKHT) VD: Before I went to bed, I had finished my homework ==> Hành động xảy trước hành động khác khứ + Hành động xảy trước: finished my homework + Hành động xả sau: went to bed (TLHT), Before + HTĐ, (TLHT) VD: Before I’m 40, I’ll have became teacher ==> Diễn tả hành động xảy trước hành động khác tương lai or thời điểm tương lai + Hành động xảy trước: TLHT + Hành động xảy sau: HTĐ (mang nghĩa TL) - After: (QKĐ), After + QKHT, (QKĐ) VD: After I had finished my homework, I went to bed ==> Hành động xảy trước hành động khác khứ + Hành động xảy trước: I had finished my homework + Hành động xả sau: I went to bed (TLĐ), After + HTĐ/HTHT, (TLĐ) VD: After I come, I’ll call you ==> Diễn tả sau xảy việc tiếp tục xẩy việc khác BÀI TẬP VỀ THÌ B Chia động từ theo * VD: 1.He (practice) _ the piano every day ==> Có everyday dấu hiệu HTĐ chia theo chủ ngữ số He ==> practices I (believe) you ==> Có believe: tin tưởng ==> dấu hiệu HTĐ chia theo chủ ngữ I ==> believe Bob (never see) this movie before ==> Có before ==> dấu hiệu HTHT chia theo chủ ngữ số người Bob ==> has never seen He (wear) _ the same coat since he (move) _ here ==> CT Since (HTHT), Since + QKĐ, (HTHT) ==> chỗ trống là: has been wearing/has worn (do wearing V qá trình nên chia HTHTTD HTHT được) / moved When the teacher (enter) _the room, the students were talking ==> Áp dụng CT when ==> nhìn thấy were talking (HĐ diễn ra) ==> HĐ xen vào enter ==> Entered C BÀI TẬP ÁP DỤNG: Jorge (read) the newspaper already He (swim) _ right now Mr Johnson (work) in the same place for 35 years We (not begin) _ to study for the test yet John (hate) smoke Jill always (get up) at 6.00 a.m Joan (travel) _ around the world last year We (not see) _ this movie yet Terry (not mow) the lawn yet 10 John and I (be) pen pals for nearly years 11 Maryam (stay) with us at the moment 12 I (not see) _ your brother recently 13 Listen to those people! What language they (speak) _? 14 It (not rain) much in our countryin winter 15 They (drive) to school tomorrow 16 Gene (eat) dinner when his friend called 17 At three o’clock this morning, Eleanor (study) 18 John (write) his report last night 19 After John (wash) _ his clothes, he began to study 20 Tim (go) to France last year 21 We (hold) _ a soccer match next Sunday 22 Guillermo (call) _ his employer yesterday 23 Jane sent a letter to his university after she (receive) _ her scholarship check 24 While Joan was writing the report, Henry (look) _ for more information 25 What you (do) last weekend? 26 Mr and Mrs Ba (take) some beautiful photos a few days ago 27 Her brother (talk) _ to his pen pal on the phone at the moment 28 They (not contact) _ to each otherfor a long time 29 Nothing (be) done since I moved here 30 I used to walk to school when I (be) _ in primary school 31 He (go) _ to that book shop tomorrow 32 Lan (drink) _ two bottles of water every day 33 She (be) a Vietnamese student She (be) _ born in Ho Chi Minh city She (go) abroad last year to study English She (learn) French before she began to study English She (make) _ great progress since she (get) there Next month, she will take the final exam She (be) _ able to get a good job when she (return) _ to Vietnam D Chọn đáp án My friend _ to the museum last weekend A goes B went C had gone D have gone Thu and Lan close friends for years A are B were C had been D have been Our Singaporean friends _ to visit our school last year A is coming B come C came D have come We _ Malaysia last summer A visited B were visiting C are visiting D have visited The students used to football in that stadium A played B play C playing D are playing Her parents want him _ some good books to read A to choose B choose C chose D choosing Would you like _ and visit my country? A come B coming C to come D came The children their parents for a long time A didn’t see B haven’t seen C don’t see D haven’t see I and Kenny friends since I Singapore A are/visit B were/visited C have been/visited D were/have visited 10 The children enjoy with their friends through computers A to chat B chat C chatting D chatted 11 Her father used to _ abroad for his business A travelling B travelled C travel D is travelling 12 The kids _ that show before A didn’t see B don’t see C aren’t seeing D haven’t seen 13 How often you sports? –Twice a week A did/play B have/played C do/play D did/played 14 How long _ you _ for me?-For an hour A did/waited B do/wait C have/waited D have/wait 15 In some countries, uniforms is compulsory in schools A wear B to wear C wearing D wore 16 Vietnamese women _ very proud of their “ao dai” A are B were C had been D have been 17 You should practice _ English to talk to your foreign friends A to speak B speak C spoke D speaking 18 _ television is also a means of learning English A Watch B Watching C To watch D Watched 19 You should a lot of grammar exercises if you want to improve your writing A did B doing C done D 20 Don’t forget _ your dictionary with you to class A to bring B bring C bringing D to bringing 21 You should remember your warm clothes when it’s cold A to wear B wearing C wear D are wearing 22 The students stopped when the teacherentered the classroom A to talk B talk C talked D talking 23 Lan suggested _ to the zoo at weekend A goes B went C going D to go 24 This movie is not interesting How about to the concert? A to go B going C go D went 25 You should _ more books on UFO if you want to know about life on other planets A reading B read C to read D have read 26 They _ their friend at the airport tomorrow A will see B have seen C saw D see 27 What were you doing when he _? A comes B to come C came D coming 28 There used a movie theatre here, butit closed a long time ago A be B to be C being D have been 29 I _ English here since I graduated from university A teach B taught C have taught D am teaching 30 He used to _ full time, but now he is a part time worker A work B working C worked D is working 31 Let’s somewhere for a drink! A go B to go C going D went 32 He wants to know whether I _ back tomorrow A come B came C will come D would come 33 I wonder why he love his family A doesn’t B don’t C didn’t D hasn’t 34 I remember _ her somewhere A see B seeing C saw D to see 35 I suggest money for the poor people in our neighbourhood A save B to save C saving D saved 36 We since we left school A don’t meet B didn’t meet C won’t meet D haven’t met 37 laugh at me A Didn’t B Won’t C Don’t D Haven’t 38 Tidal waves _ the result of an abrupt shift in the underwater movement of the Earth A are B were C is D was 39 My parents not allow me _, so I hadto stay home A go B to go C going D gone 40 Do you think you will be able a space trip? A take B to take C taking D taken 41 "Did Susan have a chance to get in touch with you?" "Oh, yes, she me up last night." A has called B called C had called D calls 42 Every evening since last Christmas, I my dog out for a walk in the park A take B took C have taken D had taken 43 He for a job for some weeks before he found one A is looking B looks C would have been looking D had been looking 44 This is the first time I the experiment on plant breeding A have done B C would D did 45 Listen! The telephone A ring B rings C is ringing D to ring 46 Vietnam ………………… rice to other countries A exporting B exports C export D to export 47 I have not heard from him since we A last meet B have last met C last met D metlast 48 This is the first time I here A am B have been C was D be 49 I know that he in this factory at this moment A works B has worked C is working D was working 50 In 1966, my brother at Harvard university A studies B is studying C studied D had studied 51 Peter in Paris when I saw him last A was working B is working C has worked D has been working GERUND TO-INFINITIVE Cách sử dụng: hình thức Cách dùng To-infinitive: động từ thêm –ing dùng danh từ Danh Verb + to V động từ dùng làm: Những động từ sau theo sau trực tiếp to-infinitive: agree, • Là chủ ngữ câu: Dancing appear, arrange, attempt, ask, bored him decide, determine, fail, endeavour, • Bổ ngữ động từ: her hobby is happen, hope, learn, manage, offer, painting plan, prepare, promise, prove, • Sau giới từ: He was accused of refuse, seem, tend, threaten, try, smuggling volunteer, expect, want, • Sau vài động từ: avoid, Ex: mind, enjoy, - She agreed to pay $50 - Two men failed to return from the Một số cách dùng đặc biệt expedition - The remnants refused to leave + Những động từ sau theo - She volunteered to help the sau V-ing: admit, avoid, delay, disabled enjoy, excuse, consider, deny, - He learnt to look after himself finish, imagine, forgive, keep, mind, miss, postpone, practise, Verb + how/ what/ when/ resist, risk, propose, detest, dread, where/ which/ why + to V resent, pardon, try, fancy Những động từ sử dụng công thức Ex: là: - He admitted taking the money ask, decide, discover, find out, - Would you consider selling the forget, know, learn, remember, see, property? show, think, understand, want to - He kept complaining know, wonder - He didn't want to risk getting wet Ex: - He discovered how to open the + Verbs + prepositions: apologize safe for, accuse of, insist on, feel like, - I found out where to buy fruit congratulate on, suspect of, look cheaply forward to, dream of, succeed in, - She couldn't think what to say object to, approve/disapprove of - I showed her which button to press + Gerund theo sau cụm từ như: Verb + Object + to V - It's no use / It's no good Những động từ theo công thức - There's no point ( in) là: - It's ( not) worth advise, allow, enable, encourage, - Have difficult ( in) forbid, force, hear, instruct, invite, - It's a waste of time/ money order, permit, persuade, request, - Spend/ waste time/money remind, train, urge, want, tempt - Be/ get used to Ex: - Be/ get accustomed to - These glasses will enable you to - Do/ Would you mind ? see in the dark - be busy doing something - She encouraged me to try again - What about ? How about ? - They forbade her to leave the - Go + V-ing ( go shopping, go house swimming ) - They persuaded us to go with them * Note: Một số động từ với động từ nguyên thể V-ing, so sánh khác ý nghĩa chúng Stop V-ing: dừng làm (dừng hẳn) Stop to V: dừng lại để làm việc Ex: - Stop smoking: dừng hút thuốc - Stop to smoke: dừng lại để hút thuốc Remember/forget/regret to V: nhớ/quên/tiếc phải làm (ở – tương lai) Remember/forget/regret V-ing: nhớ/quên/tiếc làm (ở khứ) Ex: - Remember to send this letter (hãy nhớ gửi thư này) - Don’t forget to buy flowers (đừng quên mua hoa nhé) - I regret to inform you that the train was cancelled (tôi tiếc phải báo tin – cho anh chuyến tàu bị hủy) - I paid her $2 I still remember that I still remember paying her $2 (tôi nhớ trả cô đô la rồi) - She will never forget meeting the Queen (cô khơng qn lần gặp nữ hồng) - He regrets leaving school early It is the biggest mistake in his life (Anh hối tiếc bỏ học sớm) Try to V: cố gắng làm Try V-ing: thử làm Ex: - I try to pass the exam (tôi cố gắng vượt qua kỳ thi) - You should try unlocking the door with this key (bạn nên thử mở cửa với khóa này) Like V-ing: Thích làm thú vị, hay, hút, làm để thường thức Like to do: làm việc tốt cần thiết Ex: - I like watching TV - I want to have this job I like to learn English Prefer V-ing to V-ing Prefer + to V + rather than (V) Ex: - I prefer driving to traveling by train - I prefer to drive rather than travel by train Mean to V: Có ý định làm Mean V-ing: Có nghĩa Ex: - He doesn’t mean to prevent you from doing that (Anh khơng có ý ngăn cản bạn làm việc đó.) - This sign means not going into (Biển báo có ý nghĩa khơng vào trong.) Need to V: cần làm Need V-ing: cần làm (= need to be done) Ex: - I need to go to school today - Your hair needs cutting (= your hair needs to be cut) Used to V: từng/thường làm khứ (bây không làm nữa) Be/Get used to V-ing: quen với việc (ở tại) Ex: - I used to get up early when I was young (Tôi thường dậy sớm trẻ) - I’m used to getting up early (Tôi quen với việc dậy sớm rồi) Advise/allow/permit/recommend + Object + to V: khuyên/cho phép/ đề nghị làm Advise/allow/permit/recommend + V-ing: khuyên/cho phép, đề nghị làm Ex: - He advised me to apply at once - He advised applying at once - They don’t allow us to park here - They don’t allow parking here See/hear/smell/feel/notice/watch + Object + V-ing: cấu trúc sử dụng người nói chứng kiến phần hành động See/hear/smell/feel/notice/watch + Object + V: cấu trúc sử dụng người nói chứng kiến tồn hành động Ex: - I see him passing my house everyday - She smelt something burning and saw smoke rising - We saw him leave the house - I heard him make arrangements for his journey ...BÀI TẬP VỀ THÌ B Chia động từ theo * VD: 1.He (practice) _ the piano every day ==> Có everyday dấu
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