Sách từ vựng TIẾNG ANH 11

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LÊ CÔNG ĐỨC * 11 TỪ VỰNG TIẾNG ANH DÀNH CHO SÁCH THÍ ĐIỂM WITH ANSWER KEY Downloadable Audio 1| Learning hard, living happily! YOUTUBE DUCLE ELT Subcribe to learn online! Biên soạn tổng hợp Lê Công Đức LỜI NĨI ĐẦU Từ vựng ln trở ngại học viên Tiếng Anh phong phú đa dạng mặt ngữ nghĩa hình thức biến thể từ Một số học viên gặp khó khăn việc tìm kiếm ngữ nghĩa thích hợp cho từ mới, từ phát sinh từ nhiều hoàn cảnh khác Một số sau tìm ngữ nghĩa dạng thức từ, sau lại gặp khó khăn làm để đọc cho từ Xuất phát từ khó khăn trở ngại đó, tác giả cố gắng biên soạn từ vựng để phục vụ bạn để giúp bạn thuận lợi việc học từ vựng Từ vựng tập hợp từ đơn vị sách giáo khoa để bạn dễ tra cứu Mỗi từ có dạng phát sinh khác trình bày đầy đủ nhằm giúp học viên mở rộng vốn từ Nhằm giúp bạn ghi nhớ ôn luyện tốt hơn, tác giả thu âm cách đọc từ để bạn tiện nghe thực hành từ vựng để dễ ghi nhớ làm quen với cách phát âm từ cách thực tiễn Bên cạnh đó, tác giả cố gắng để soạn câu ngắn để bạn dùng từ học vào ngữ cảnh thích hợp nhằm giúp bạn học vui nhớ sâu Trong q trình thực hiện, với kiến thức hạn hẹp khó lòng tránh khỏi sai sót, câu cú chưa mượt mà, mong bạn bậc trước, anh chị đồng nghiệp, bạn đọc học thức uyên bác bỏ qua đóng góp cho sai sót nhằm giúp sách từ vựng nhỏ ngày hoàn thiện Xin trân trọng cám ơn bạn quan tâm! Mọi thư từ đóng góp liên hệ, xin gửi địa email: duc.congle.89@gmail.com Facebook: 01683366615 - Điện thoại: 0947959619 Tác giả Lê Cơng Đức Tác giả ai? Mình giáo viên Tiếng Anh làm việc sinh sống Rạch Giá, Kiên Giang yêu thích viết sách để đóng góp sức lực nhỏ bé cho việc học Tiếng Anh người trở nên tiện lợi hiệu hơn! Mong chút kiến thức giúp bạn đạt nhiều kết học tập! Các bạn tin cậy sách tin bạn ngày tiến có nhiều thành cơng hơn! 2| Learning hard, living happily! YOUTUBE DUCLE ELT Subcribe to learn online! Biên soạn tổng hợp Lê Công Đức UNIT 1 THE GENRATION GAP KHOẢNG CÁCH THẾ HỆ English 11 TỪ VỰNG 1Unit – The generation gap 10 11 extended family nuclear family (worry about) childcare (learn a lot of) skills (from sb) generation (gap) believe (in) sth beliefs believable # unbelievable appear appearance table manners conservative (person) state-owned (organizations) follow his footsteps n n n n n v n adj v n n adj adj v gia đình nhiều hệ gia đình hạt nhân (lo lắng về) việc chăm sóc (học nhiều) kỹ (từ đó) (khoảng cách) hệ tin tưởng cgđ niềm tin; tín ngưỡng tin # khơng thể tin xuất xuất hiện; vẻ cung cách bàn ăn (người) bảo thủ (tổ chức) sở hữu-nhà nước theo gót đó; nối nghiệp Complete the sentences each with a suitable word/ phrase from the above table People usually judge a person through their without paying much attention to their personality, talents or good characters Do you in the existence of ghosts and devils? Young couples nowadays like living in because they have more privacy and freedom That both parents go to work to support their family finacially is a must; however, they are raising great concerns about No one teaches and takes care of their children when they are at work He doesn’t support any sudden change, he prefers his traditional lifestyle He is a real person I think It was that he won the championship with his disability In Vietnam, people prefer to work in organizations because of job stability and high-security they offer If your parents are doctors, he will advise you to his footsteps They have learnt a lot of good communication from their leaders This helps them to be more successful in discussions and negotiations 10 I prefer living in because there are a lot of different generations living under one roof You can learn lots of useful experience from them 11 When the sky is getting dark, the stars and sparkle silently at night 12 Sociologists are doing as many reasearches as they can to reduce the in our modern society Young people usually oppose their parents’ points of view 13 He is extremely loyal to his religious Nobody can change his mind 14 His explanation certainly sounded 3| Learning hard, living happily! YOUTUBE DUCLE ELT Subcribe to learn online! Biên soạn tổng hợp Lê Công Đức Complete the passages with no more than three words appropriate word or phrases for each gap 1 When asked about which type of family I would like to live in, I always answer that I love living in (15) because I have grandparents, parents, uncles, aunts, and my cousins to talk and play with Although (16) provide family members with great privacy, but it is not interesting and seems to be very isolated Just imagine the situation like this, everyone in your house goes to work or school in the morning, comes back home in the evening and has very little time talk to each other In contrast, in an extended family, you have your grandparents who are always free and willing to have conversations with you to share what you think and your difficulties at school, too Our grandparents have a lot of experience to teach us such as how to behave well when eating with (17), how to be grateful with parents, and always give excellent advice whenever you ask them For those reasons, I prefer living in a family with different generations 2My father is a teacher and a typical traditional person I think He never helps my mom with (18) because he thinks that is the job of women You may say that he is a kind of (19) person, but I don’t think so To me, he loves his family by his own way He always focuses all of his energy in doing business and earning as much money as possible to support his family He is very open-minded and never forces me to _ (20) to work as a teacher He always says “You have your own choice and I respect that” In general, he is my real idol in my real life Complete the correct word formation of the given word in each sentence 21 We often participate in charitable (organize) to help poor peole in my city I think this is a good way to make our community better 22 My (believe) is Buddhism and what about yours? 23 Young people nowadays really pay attention to their physical _ (appear) Therefore, they usually go to the gym to work out in order to stay in shape and widen their social relations 24 It was (beleive) for us to know such amazing results 25 To me, the existence of many other planets like our Earth is _ (believe) because there have been a lot of UFO sightings all over the world Circle the sentences with the best word to complete the sentences below 26 Although his ideas are purely wrong, he never has an intention to change his mind He is very _ A imaginative B conservative C energetic D nuclear 27 Apart from their major knowledge, young people should train other soft _ to prepare for their job applications in the future A qualifications B skills C appearance D table manners 28 The existence of aliens is _ to many people around the world A belief B inevitable C unbelieveable D conservative 29 One of the most popular reasons that people find it hard to live in extended families is the problem of _ A hobbies B foot-step following C beliefs D generation gap 4| Learning hard, living happily! YOUTUBE DUCLE ELT Subcribe to learn online! Biên soạn tổng hợp Lê Công Đức TỪ VỰNG Unit 1 The generation gap n (chia sẻ) quan điểm (share) your viewpoint =point of view = attitude adj (suy nghĩ; duy) thoáng open-minded áp đặt định ảnh cho impose his decision on sb v n mâu thuẫn; xung đột conflicts v bao gồm consist of = comprise =include n khác biệt quan điểm difference in attitudes n quy tắc ứng xử rules of behavior phr (gây ra) thiếu (hiểu biết nhau) (cause) a lack of (understanding) live in the same roof 10 identify sth identification of sth 11 areas of disagreement v v n n sống mái nhà nhận dạng; xác định cgđ xác nhận; nhận dạng cgđ lĩnh vực bất đồng (ý kiến) Complete the sentences each with a suitable word/ phrase from the above table We should respect and follow set by the local people in the country where we are staying and working I don’t like my new boss He is very conservative and always his decisions on us If you don’t agree with this proposal, please share us your and we can discuss it together Don’t dare to tell us your voice I think that people from many generations living in the same can help family members have more close-knit relationship with each other I like talking to my English teacher He is really and can accept all of our odd or unfamiliar points of view If that viewpoint is not good, he’ll give us advice and the decision to change or not depends on us This vocabulary book for course 11 ten units and hundreds of academic words It’s amazing to learn In order to find out the most efficient solution for your current difficulty, you must the problems you are facing We usually have arguments and find it hard to start conversations with each other because we have big differences in If the between those two countries can’t be solved peacefully, the war may happen soon I hope that bad situation will never happen I love peace 10 The of the victims in the fire was a difficult and time-consuming task 11 Although we are close friends, we still have a lot of areas of such as definition of love, fashion styles, and religious beliefs 12 Lack of , patience, and sympathy is the key factor that causes the break-up of friend relationships 5| Learning hard, living happily! YOUTUBE DUCLE ELT Subcribe to learn online! Biên soạn tổng hợp Lê Công Đức Complete the passages with no more than three words appropriate word or phrases for each gap 1 The topic I would like all of you to discuss is how to respect other people’s (13) As you may know, we always have different favorite hobbies, personalities, background, as well as our attitudes towards some certain issues Therefore, never say that your ideas are always true and must be followed by everyone in your groups, teams, or organizations Instead, try to discuss in (14) atmosphere and be patient to listen to others’ ideas and then your task is just to shift what is good to follow and ignore others This is one of the (15) that helps you to have a strong team and unite all of separate members and develop their own strengths Remember this, good leaders! 2 Couples living in the same (16) usually ask their consultants about how to maintain their relationship with their partners This is the matter of life or death in each family To solve the given problem, I think that each of the couple must (17) their partner’s personality, hobbies, strong points and praise these strengths and ignore their imperfect characters, which makes your partners proud of themselves a lot As a result, they want to spend more time with you When having conversations, we must avoid talking about (18) because this can increase conflicts into new heights and lead to anger Instead, think of positive things to encourage your partners to talk about like their achievements, their new plans, and their unique characters that you cannot find from others In addition, we must repsect your partners’ (19) because we are all diverse from others Circle the sentences with the best word to complete the sentences below 20 We should respect our parents’ differences in _ and find out the best solution to live in harmony them That’s the right thing a good child should A altitude B attitude C longevity D agreements 21 The best way to solve with your partners is to accept your faults sincerely A conflicts B identifications C behavours D differences 22 My teacher is really _ He always accepts our differences and usually gives us great pieces of advice for us to change ourselves A absent minded B narrow-minded C open-minded D conservative 23 It is unwise for couples to argue with each other because they all live in the same and share lots of things in life A floor B basement C bed D roof 24 This vocabulary book _ ten units and hundreds of sentences for us to practice A excludes B excepts for C identifies D consists of 6| Learning hard, living happily! YOUTUBE DUCLE ELT Subcribe to learn online! Biên soạn tổng hợp Lê Công Đức TỪ VỰNG Unit 1 The generation gap làm cho người ta nghe theo; thuyết phục adj trưởng thành (hơn) (more) mature vph thể trách nhiệm express obligation adj # internal # external adj cần thiết necessary = essential n cần thiết necessity have different taste in sth vph có vị khác việc have an objection to sth vph phản đối việc v phản đối làm cgđ object to doing sth v mong đợi; kỳ vọng làm expect sb to sth n mong đợi; kỳ vọng expectation Cho dù No matter how + adjective =No matter how old you are, … Cho dù bạn lớn cỡ nào, … tự đưa định riêng 10 make your own decision v v phá cách 11 break rules convince = persuade sb v Complete the sentences each with a suitable word/ phrase from the above table It’s for students to learn how to work in groups This way of learning can help you a lot in real life and academic environment My test results have failed to meet my parents’ mature you are, you are always considered a little child in your parents’ eyes That is the biggest love that every one of us has in this life The local people have building a nuclear power plant in the region because of its negative and dangerous threats and effects on the local environment Although we have different in enjoying music, we still have many other things in common like photography, learning languages and cooking In spite of his young age, he is able to make his correctly and punctually He’s kind of an independent and determined person He doesn’t follow any fixed rules All of his art works but has attractive and distinctive features that others can’t afford Doing houselhold chores, studying hard and being indenpendent are things that express your of a good child Volunteers usually say that they seem to grow up and be more after their journey to poor, remote and mountainous areas where people struggle to earn for living every day Therefore, they have the responsibility to respect their life better 10 Preserving and maintaining one’s culture and traditional customs is an absolute each individual should concern 11 I used to my parents’ advice because I thought that they couldn’t have understood my generation’s viewpoint The more I grow, the more accurate their advice is 12 I like the structure and architecture of the house It’s amazing! 7| Learning hard, living happily! YOUTUBE DUCLE ELT Subcribe to learn online! Biên soạn tổng hợp Lê Công Đức Complete the passages with no more than three words appropriate word or phrases for each gap 1 As a father, I never force my son and daughter to what I want; however, I always try my best to (13) them by giving them clear advice and then making a right decision is their own responsibility My wife usually gives them household tasks to build up their independence I think it is (14) for children to help their parents when they have free time from their studying This _ (15) of children to their parents who have spent most of their life raising them up and worked very hard to earn enough money for their education 2 Some parents love their children so much that they pay too much attention to what children need and They not let their sons or daughters to make _ (16), they decide which clothes a child should wear to a party, or they also choose schools and future jobs for them Some students I am teaching usually feel scared when they not get high scores at school because of dissatisfying their parents’ (17) I think parents should change their mind and the ways they are using to raise their children because each child has (18) different things, which makes the society more diverse Therefore, the necessity to right now is to change our glass ceiling and love our children in wiser and more intelligent ways Complete the correct word formation of the given word in each sentence 19 Students usually set difficult _ (expect) for themselves, so parents and teachers should guide them to adjust those hard objectives 20 When listening to your children’s ideas or opinions, not show your _ (object) immediately; instead, elicit your advice through friendly dicussions and analyse the advantages and disadvantages with them 21 Excellent team leaders are those who know how to encourage the others in their team, develop their strong points and make important (decide) 22 Some students don’t find it _ (neccessity) to learn English because it is not widely used in their community 23 We finally _ (decide) to buy that house because it’s convenient for our children to go to school 24 Some members in my team _ (object) to my solution However, after spending hours convincing them, we eventually find out the best proposal for our difficult issue 25 It is _ (necessary) important to know English because it provides us with more job opportunities in the future 8| Learning hard, living happily! YOUTUBE DUCLE ELT Subcribe to learn online! Biên soạn tổng hợp Lê Công Đức TỪ VỰNG 4Unit 1 The generation gap norms (of society) distract sb from sth =neglect sth distracted (distractedly) distraction brandname (clothes) financial burden afford (the high prices) affordable (prices) rather than … interest sb interests arise – arose – arisen =occur regardless of sth 10 prefer A to B preferences 11 mutual (trust and understanding) n v adj n n n v adj v n v pre v n adj quy chuẩn (của xã hội) lãng từ cgđ nhãng; thiếu tập trung làm thiếu tập trung (quần áo) hàng hiệu gánh nặng kinh tế mua (hàng hóa giá cao) (giá cả) mua … làm thú vị quan tâm; thích thú bắt đầu xuất dựa vào cgđ; bất chấp cgđ thích A B yêu thích (sự thấu hiểu tin tưởng) lẫn Complete the sentences each with a suitable word/ phrase from the above table They prefer eating fast food and junk food having vegetables, fruit and healthy diet The best way to maintain the relationship between friends is to increase the trust and understanding in any cases My monthly salary cannot allow me to expensive clothes, luxurious lifestyle and everything I desire I should know how to balance my life Spending too much time on social networkings will make your children and students their studying and focus on their work I decided not to have extra-classes with private tutors to reduce the for my parents I can study on my own, which helps me to be more independent Do you think that young people should deny all of the of traditional society? Personally, I think we should preserve and develop them He doesn’t pay much attention to trendy fashion, but hi-technology devices and equipment him a lot I like working individually _ working in large groups because it’s extremely difficult to make a final decision One of his is to collect ancient antiquities 10 Lots of rich people like buying _ clothes to show off their elegance, richness and social status 11 Spending too much time on surfing the Internet, chatting online and playing virtual games make you to concentrate on your work 12 He went ahead and did it, _ the consequences 9| Learning hard, living happily! YOUTUBE DUCLE ELT Subcribe to learn online! Biên soạn tổng hợp Lê Công Đức Complete the passages with no more than three words appropriate word or phrases for each gap 1 Some people complain that they always face the money-shortage problem at the end of each month To answer this question, I would like to itemize some reasons that lead to this result of most employees First of all, the hobby of purchasing (13) and other high-tech devices is the common habit of most people Secondly, spending money without having strict budgets for their monthly salary also results in financial problems Therefore, we must have a fixed plan for our expenses Finally, purchasing unnecessary things also makes contribution to our (14) 2 Nowadays, young couples not want to live with their parents because of the problem of having diffenrent viewpoints in educating children Young parents usually have some disagreements with their mothers or fathers in raising their babies For example, young parents (15) to develop their children’s independence by letting them eat their meals themselves, but grandparents always want to feed their grandchildren Another problem for this is that grandparents usually intervene and overprotect grandchildren when they make mistakes Therefore, children seem to disobey what their parents say with grandparents’ presence Although there are some problems as mentioned above, family members must have (16) to make their home the best place for educating their children Circle the sentences with the best word to complete the sentences below 17 Young teenagers prefer to read ebooks on their smartphones or ebookreader devices to read traditional printed books A than B to C rather than D from 18 When starting up, lack of is one of the most common issues of all enterpreneurs A financial B finance C financially D financing 19 Staying connected to the Internat all the time may cause in studying because of continual notification and newsfeed sounds from Facebook, Instagram, and/or Zalo A foci B interest C distraction D diversity 20 I think it is vital for young people in a country to keep of their society because these factors help them to be different from country to country A definitions B norms D necessities D expectations 21 I like buying clothes in this shop, most of whose products are A affordable B too expensive C distracted D essential 22 how late you are, never stop your dreams and hopes Try your best to reach your successful destinations and make what you desire come true A Whenever B No matter C Provided that D As long as 23 Lack of adequate sleep will make you from your work and cause bad mood, so pay attention to your sleep patterns A regardless B focused C distracted D interested 24 Despite having a little money, he acts as if he could such expensive items A arise B prefer C afford D distract 10| Learning hard, living happily! YOUTUBE DUCLE ELT Subcribe to learn online! Biên soạn tổng hợp Lê Công Đức TỪ VỰNG 3Unit 10 – Healthy Lifestyle and Longevity adj (cảm thấy) khỏe # không khỏe (feel) well # unwell n phương thuốc (điều trị) tự nhiên natural remedies n (sử dụng) toa thuốc/ thuốc kê đơn (give/ take) prescription n châm cứu accupuncture n điểm châm cứu accupoints n nhà châm cứu acupuncturist n phương pháp methods v tăng cường boost =enhance n q trình lão hóa ageing process adj (thực phẩm) chống lão hóa anti-ageing (food) n dinh dưỡng # suy dinh dưỡng nutrition # malnutrition adj (sự bổ sung) dinh dưỡng nutritious (supplement) n chất dinh dưỡng nutrient (deficiency) n nhà dinh dưỡng học nutritionist n quan (nội tạng) organs 10 –ache đau đầu; đau lưng; đau tai heachache; backache;earache n kháng lại (sự lây nhiễm) cách tự nhiên 11 fight (infections) naturally v Complete the sentences each with a suitable word/ phrase from the above table Your immune system can be _ if you keep your mind in good mood and reduce as much bad mood as you can _ confirm that farming produce nowadays contain ferwer nutrients than it used to be because of soil erosion and degradation Don’t let your grandfather heavy lifting because of his _ and osteoporosis Eating healthy food, practicing regular meditation and controlling our emotions well can slow down the _ Nutrition provides energy for our body to grow our skin, brain and other _, so supply your body with adequate amount, not too much Our body has natural healing capability, so it can help us to fight _ naturally if we are sick or weak Scientists are doing researches to develop _ food to maintain people’s youth and beauty for a long time Some people don’t believe in traditional _ of treatment because they don’t offer enough evidences to prove their effectiveness I got wet because of not taking a raincoat yesterday, today I feel _ 10 Children in remote and mountainous areas usually suffer from _ because of lack of consuming adequate nutritions 11 _ is a person who is trained to perform accupunture 12 I think we should not abuse _ products; we should supply our body with sufficient nutritions through our healthy daily diets 13 Our tonight’s guest is Mr John Robert, an expertise _, who will bring us lots of useful knowledge to stay healthier Please, stay tune 95| Learning hard, living happily! YOUTUBE DUCLE ELT Subcribe to learn online! Biên soạn tổng hợp Lê Công Đức Circle a word with the underlined part pronounced differently from the others in a row 14 A organs B ageing C knowlegable D giants 15 A earache B anchor C chaos D challenging 16 A prescription B remidies C representative D exploration 17 A expectancy B international C malnutrition D naturally 18 A enhance B rhythm C Buddhdism D exhibition Circle a word stressed differently from the others in a row 19 A acupuncture B punctuality C malnutrition 20 A nutritionist B expectancy C infectious 21 A organ B enhance C unwell 22 A nutrient B medicine C muscle 23 A relationship B hospitality C sympathetic D democratic D supplemental D relief D luxurious D archaeology Circle the best word phrase to complete the sentences each 24 In Vietnam, people still use _ to treat their simple ailments and these remedies seem to work effectively These herbs grow abundantly everywhere in this nation How wonderful it is! A medical devices B medicinal plants C medical breakthroughs D slight workout 25 More and more people choose to use traditional treatments for their diseases such as using herbal remedies, _, or rebalance their diets to avoid side effects brought about by using modern medicines A acupuncture B principles C life expectancy D regular practice 26 I wish I were a(n) _ in order to know what to eat to have enough nutrition for my body and live healthily A explorer B detective C nutritionist D fortune teller 27 If you live calmly, maintain positive thoughts, avoid pressure, give and share more to help other people, you will be able to maintain your beauty and youth without using any _ A anti-ageing foods B malnutrition C personal trainer D traditional medicine doctors 28 What is the synonym of the word in bold in the sentence below: Doing meditation not only helps you to maintain your physical health but also enhances your immune system naturally A maintains B boosts C absorbs D releases 29 Some ancient documents claimed that human beings are able to cure their own diseases if they know how to live naturally, eat sensibly, and adjust their lifestyles harmoniously Thanks to this, their bodies can fight _ naturally A infections B disasters C famine D poverty 30 I can’t imagine how an acupuncturist can find the _ on our bodies without using any modern machines A nutrients B weaknesses C immune system D accupoints 96| Learning hard, living happily! YOUTUBE DUCLE ELT Subcribe to learn online! Biên soạn tổng hợp Lê Công Đức TỪ VỰNG 4Unit 10 – Healthy Lifestyle and Longevity v thư giãn relax n thư giãn relaxation adj (những cách) hiệu effective (ways) adv (làm việc) cách hiệu (work) effectively n hiệu (của phương pháp đó) effectiveness of (the method) n (có) mụn (suffer from/ have) acne n (xuống/ lên) giọng (fall/ rise) intonation n hộ chiếu hiệu lực a valid passport n hiệu lực hộ chiếu the validity of passport v xin lỗi (vì làm cgđ) apologise (for doing sth) n xin lỗi an apology v đăng ký (khóa học yoga) enroll (a yoga course) n đăng ký enrolment nộp (bài tập) submit =hand in (an assignment) v n giao nộp submission n nhân viên an ninh security guards n công trường xây dựng 10 construction sites v cảnh báo (ai khơng làm cgđ) 11 warn (sb not to sth) Complete the sentences each with a suitable word/ phrase from the above table You look stressed and unwell Pay more attention to _ You should balance between work and staying healthy A lot of people have claimed the _of yoga practice They said that it helped them more flexible, peaceful in mind, and healthier Reduction of consuming fat and sugar is believed to help you avoid _ from acnes Please click ‘yes’ button below to confirm your _ Thanks a lot for joing us today We’re sure that you will enjoy our yoga center I am going to _ a yoga course Would like to practice it with me? Please slow down your speed because there is a _ ahead Sorry for this inconvenience I didn’t pay attention to the _ of my passport It was invalid yesterday How unlucky I am! Please accept our _ We didn’t intend to it for you, sir Sleeping early, deep relaxation, and keeping your mind stressed-free really help you to work _ 10 The _ don’t let children play in the construction site because it’s very dangerous 11 If you want to travel to a country, you must have _ 12 Do you remember the deadline? Don’t forget to _your assignments that time I won’t accept any late _ 13 Although my mother _ me about the sharp knife, I still cut myself 14 The students is _ his teacher for being so rude with him 15 Turning off or logging out all of your social account is a(n) _ way for us to concentrate on more 97| Learning hard, living happily! YOUTUBE DUCLE ELT Subcribe to learn online! Biên soạn tổng hợp Lê Công Đức Circle a word with the underlined part pronounced differently from the others in a row 16 A enrollment B effectively C environmental D economy 17 A security B construction C submission D suffering 18 A apologise B intonation C population D conservation 19 A acne B headache C increase D mediate 20 A validity B meditation C widen D mixture Circle a word stressed differently from the others in a row 21 A sustainable B presenter C harmonious 22 A expectancy B medicinal C naturally 23 A immune B acupuncture C strengthen 24 A recommend B mandotary B flexible 25 A prescription B management C deforest D optimist D effectiveness D seminar D standardize D objective Circle the best word phrase to complete the sentences each 26 I need a few days of _ before participating in another important project with my team A submission B effective ways C relaxation D attraction 26 In my opinion, the most _ way to finish your project perfectly in Vietnam is working independently and individually It’s quite hard to work in a team with Vietnamese people It’s just my point of view A effective B risky C regular D sustainable 27 When you first start to learn English or any other languages, it is very difficult for you to control your _ as naturally as native speakers However, don’t worry Just remember this proverb: “Practice makes perfect” A emotions B functions C permission D intonation 28 We are extremely sorry for not providing you with free maintenance services for this product because its _ of the guarantee period has expired A expectancy B enrolment C validity D requirement 29 After having applied the new method from Professor Trung’s research, we have confirmed its _ for our long-term educational activities A automation B effectiveness C complaints D abundance 30 Don’t consume any medicines without consulting your doctors’ advice For your health safety, please follow the _ given by your doctors A description B submission C prescription D principle 31 Please click on the link sent to your mail to activate your _ A enrolment B enhancement C sensor D consequence 32 I usually recommend gymers to consume natural and organic products as their _ because there are a lot of vegan body builders using vegan foods in the world A effective methods B nutrition supplement C efficient relaxation D medical healthcare 98| Learning hard, living happily! 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Biên soạn tổng hợp Lê Công Đức TỪ VỰNG 5Unit 10 – Healthy Lifestyle and Longevity permit sb to sth permission discover sth discovery of sth antibiotics attribute to sth attribution blame acohol intake consume sth consumption of sth (have) a good function function (well) diets dietary (changes) advance (our understanding) advanced (technology) advances (in medical science) 10 MRI scanner v n v n n v n n v n n v n adj v adj n n =Magnetic Resonance Imageing n 11 X-ray machine cho phép làm cgđ cho phép phát cgđ phát cgđ thuốc kháng sinh cho nhờ cgđ; quy trách nhiệm đưa vào rượu; tiêu thụ rượu tiêu thụ cgđ tiêu thụ cgđ (có) chức tốt thực chức (tốt) chế độ ăn (sự thay đổi) chế độ ăn làm tăng cường (sự thông hiểu) (công nghệ) tiên tiến tiến (trong khoa học học) máy quét Hình ảnh Cộng hưởng Từ máy X-quang Complete the sentences each with a suitable word/ phrase from the above table My mother doesn’t _ me to play online games until I finsh all of my given assignments Thanks to advances in medical science and technology such as MRI sacnner, _, etc., people can have timely diagnosis and extend their life expectancy Alcohol _ and fast-food consumption can lead to obesity, heart disease and high blood pressure If you want your digestive system to _ well and effectively, you should eat in adequate amount and avoid eating much very late at night The regular _ of red meat and other packaged fast-food products which are high in calories and fat can weaken your immune system The decrease in mental and physical health can be _ to three main factors: disorder of sleeping patterns, consumption of much fast food, and laziness of doing exrcises can destroy and prevent the growth of bacteria and cure infections Vegetarians can reduce the risk of getting heart disease or obesity because of _ less amount of fat and red meat _ is one of the greatest advances in medical science and technology It helps to examine what happens in our brain 10 The _ of vacines and antibiotics is one of the greatest contributions to the dramatic increase in life expectancy 11 Partcipating in social activities and helping your community are good ways to _ our understanding about the world around us 12 Please don’t enter this room without doctors’ _ 13 _ contribute to the reduction of obesity and gout 99| Learning hard, living happily! 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Biên soạn tổng hợp Lê Công Đức Circle a word with the underlined part pronounced differently from the others in a row 14 A acohol B antibiotic C involvement D psychologist 15 A consumption B vision C exposure D visually 16 A advanced B survived C closed D enrolled 17 A machine B choices C challenges D launcher 18 A permission B expertise C alert D sufferings Circle a word stressed differently from the others in a row 19 A magnetic B permission C dietary D advanced 20 A resonance B consumption C symptom D specialist 21 A attribute B attractive C respectively D charitable 22 A antibiotic C coordination C responsibility D successfully 23 A discovery B masterpieces B knowledgeable D temperature Circle the best word phrase to complete the sentences each 24 In my opinion, _ in medical science bring about lots of benefits for sick people; however, these brakthroughs have their own moral issues to concern A advantages B effective practice C validity D advances 25 Father: Tony, can you tell daddy something about our heart? Tony: Yes, daddy The heart has a(n) _ of pumping blood to all of the organs in our body and helps our body operate properly A consumption B intake C function D attribution 26 Some obese people apply sudden _ so that they can lose their weight immediately and skip main meals regularly These practices are not good for ther body’s general health at all You need to let your body time to adapt with new changes A advanced technology B dietary changes C immediate permission D nutritionous suplement 27 The _ of some habitable planets in the universe leads to a lot of humanitarian concerns People think that the possibility of nuclear wars is higher than ever before due to other avaibale settlements for rich people and politicians A advancement B function C optimistic sides D discovery 28 When becoming an editor of this Facebook fanpage, you will have the _ to send messages and publish as the page A pessimist B permission C guarantee D inspiration 29 Reading books is an excellent habit helping you to _ your knowledge, accumulate your own experience from predecessors, and look the world in another open viewpoint A harmonize B minimize C widen D comprise 30 The high _ of sugar and/ or other sweet foods or drinks can lead to obesity and high blood pressure; therefore, be careful with nutrition intake A consumption B protection C stability D perception 100| Learning hard, living happily! 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Biên soạn tổng hợp Lê Công Đức TỪ VỰNG 6Unit 10 – Healthy Lifestyle and Longevity prolong (his life) = extend sth prolongation prolonged (illness) bacteriumbacteria protect sth/ sb protective (clothing) sun protection factor (SPF) (squeeze) pimples swell –swelled – swollen (lead to) swelling survive survival survivor prevent (some common skin problems) visible # invisible vision v n adj n v adj n v v n v n n v adj n follow doctors’ orders 10 contact lenses 11 specialist = expert v n n kéo dài (mạng sống) kéo dài (căn bệnh) dai dẳn vi khuẩn bảo vệ cgđ (quần áo) bảo vệ số chống nắng (nặn) mụn nhọt sưng lên (dẫn đến) sung lên sống sót; sinh tồn sống sót; sinh tồn người sống sót phòng (một số vấn đề da thơng thường) thấy # khơng thấy tầm nhìn tn theo định bác sỹ len đeo mắt nhà chuyên môn Complete the sentences each with a suitable word/ phrase from the above table _ in that disastrous earthquake were hospitalized immediately New developments in medical science and other breakthroughs have the potential to further _ and improve the quality of life In some places in the world, people still use leeches to take pus out of the wound and make the _ disappear after that Yoga _ suggest doing more meditation because it helps balance your pshychology, reduce the production of stress hormones and improve your immune system The sun is becoming _ because of the black clouds Traveling around the world is an interesting experience and widens my _ of the world You need to consult a(n) _ to perfom mediation well and effectively Don’t _ with your dirty hands because bacteria in your hands can cause serious infection for your skin Please to get a quick recovery 10 Don’t forget to pay attention to the _ when buying sunscreen 11 I don’t have to wear _ anymore after practice doing yoga and consuming more vegetarian diets instead of full of KFC, meat and beef 12 Wearing a coat and sunglasses can _ your body from UV (Ultra Violet) rays from the sun 13 His only chance of _ was a heart transplant 14 Farmers should wear _ clothes when spraying pesticides because they contain a lot of toxic chemicals and may cause cancer 101| Learning hard, living happily! YOUTUBE DUCLE ELT Subcribe to learn online! Biên soạn tổng hợp Lê Công Đức Circle a word with the underlined part pronounced differently from the others in a row 15 A survival B dusiturbance C surrounding D surveyor 16 A specialist B spacious C scanning D unconsciousness 17 A squeeze B antique C technique D conquer 18 A vision B genre C collision D systematic 19 A protection B gesture C congestion D cultural Circle a word stressed differently from the others in a row 20 A survival B invisible C attribute 21 A bacteria B consumption C security 22 A resonance B permission C prolong 23 A pimple B machine C consume 24 A survive B vision C follow D specialist D academic D protective D discovery D expert Circle the best word phrase to complete the sentences each 25 Patient: Could you tell me how long I can live if I take this operation, doctor? Doctor: It’s very optimistic This operation can _ your life by five or seven years A protect B prolong C survive D prevent 26 _ usually appear a lot during children’s puberty stage, so parents should explain this phenomenum, instruct them how to protect their skin A Bacteria B Contact lenses C Pimples D Protection factors 27 He’s trying his best to _ the toopaste because he forgot to buy somenew tubes when he went to the supermarket yesterday A visualize B consume C attribute D squeeze 28 A six-year-old girl _ magically after seven days stuck under collapsed concrete without having anything to eat and drink A discovered B rescued C burried D survived 29 Mr John is the last _ in his family after the disastrous storm devastating his house and taking away the other memebers in his family A survivor B protector C successor D victim 30 Touching or squeezing your pimples violently and carelessly can _ swelling or even cause infection This is very harmful for your skin Please pay attention to this to protect your perfect skin A advance B lead to C eradicate D set off 102| Learning hard, living happily! 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Biên soạn tổng hợp Lê Công Đức TỪ VỰNG 7Unit 10 – Healthy Lifestyle and Longevity n gây hại khớp (xương) n ngon miệng; thèm ăn n ngất xỉu v làm thất vọng (the interviewer’s) disappointment n thất vọng (của người vấn) v từ chối cgđ reject sth n từ chối rejections adj (những người) béo phì obese (people) n béo phì obesity adj an tồn # khơng an tồn secure # insecure v khuyến cáo; khuyên dùng cgđ recommend sth n khuyến cáo; khun làm recommendations n hóc-mơn hormones n quận đất liền 10 landlocked prefecture n đột quỵ 11 stroke Complete the sentences each with a suitable word/ phrase from the above table joint demage appetite faint disappoint sb You should warm up carefully to relax your muscles before playing sports to avoid _ when moving your parts of body suddenly One of the main reasons leading to the failure of losing weight is _ If you want to be successful, try your best to fight against that feeling I feel really _ in my home with the sincere love from my parents and siblings I’ll miss them a lot when living apart from them Oestrogen is a female sex _ People of the modern world are experiencing high death rates from causes such as _ and heart attacks because of supllying too much energy daily _ people should keep a healthy and less-calory diet and more physical activities to loose weight Say no to fast food and packaged or processed food if you don’t want to have To our great _, it rained very day of the trip The local authorities have just passed the martial law to tighten the _ order for local residents 10 She _ when receiving that shock news 11 I haven’t succeeded in getting a job yet I think I got hundreds of _ just because of my size 12 My application for the job was _ because I didn’t meet their requirements of qualifications and appearance 13 Some obese people take risky and _ methods to loose weight very fast This way is not a good recommendation 14 Nagano is a mountainous, _ in the center of Japan, with a population of more than two million 15 This book is highly _ to all students of English 16 I always try my best not to _ my parents’ wishes I feel warm and happy when my parents feel proud of me 103| Learning hard, living happily! 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Biên soạn tổng hợp Lê Công Đức Circle a word with the underlined part pronounced differently from the others in a row 17 A faint B training C contain D mountainous 18 A reject B obesity C reflection D recommend 19 A width B fertilizer C examine D appetite 20 A obese B release C expertise D hospitality 21 A landlocked B naked C mixed D reduced Circle a word stressed differently from the others in a row 22 A appetite B secure C obesity 23 A hormone B rejection C vision 24 A recommend B pupertee C prefecture 25 A disappointment B technologically C institution 26 A demage B efficient C ancient D fuction D landlocked D attribution D recommendation D consequence Give the correct part of speech of the given words 27 Some parents not compliment their children on their studying achievements or progress, which gradually _ children’ interest in studying, sharing what they have learnt at school, and communicating with parents A prevent B disappoint C double D increase 28 The new policy of raising cost of gasoline and dissiel fuels in France met with _ from violent protestors clashing with police in Paris on Saturday,1st December, 2018 A support B survival C rejection D recommendation 29 High _ of fast foods and spending little time doing exersie are key factors leading to obesity and high-blood pressure A rejection B discovery C relief D consumption 30 In order to open or get access to ‘folders and files’ in _ setting, you must provide accurate security numbers or patterns A secure B landlocked C effective D reduced 31 These are some typical symptoms of _: sudden numbness or weakness in the face, arm, or leg, especially on the side of theboy; sudden confusion; sudden trouble seeing or walking A protest B dizziness C common cold D stroke 32 That was the first time I had visited this place, so I hadn’t known anything about this location I ate foods, booked flights, and chose hotels on my friend’s _ A proposal B recommendation C expectancy D organization 104| Learning hard, living happily! 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Biên soạn tổng hợp Lê Công Đức TỪ VỰNG 8Unit 10 – Healthy Lifestyle and Longevity 10 11 pickle vegetables the turning point take action conduct (nutrition seminar) in cooperation with sth =cooperate with sth convince = persuade sb to sth routine health check-ups walking trails hot springs health-care model digest (the food) digestive system digestion n n vphr v pre v n n n n v adj n rau củ lên men điểm đảo ngược tình hành động thực (buổi trao đổi dinh dưỡng) liên kết với cgđ thuyết phục làm cgđ kiểm tra sức khỏe định kỳ đường dành cho suối nước nóng mơ hình chăm sóc sức khỏe tiêu hóa (thức ăn) hệ tiêu hóa tiêu hóa Complete the sentences each with a suitable word/ phrase from the above table Teachers and nutritionists are going to conduct some _ at meetings with the Association of Parents to raise their awareness of using organic food Don’t eat a lot of _ because this leads to the increase in heart attack and cancer The local government has also taken a lot of measures _ NDA (the non-profit Nagano Dietetic Association) to decrease the high death rates from stroke and heart attack Eating late at night affects our _ gradually and seriously The ambition of the local authorities is that they want their health services become a _ for the other provinces in the country to follow Teachers have to _ students’ parents and local authorities in term of creating a perfect and ideal environment for teaching and educating Individuals are encouraged to have _ annually to actively prevent and maintain their health Don’t eat too much at night because the food will not be _ completely and this is the leading reason to obesity More _ have been built for residents to exercise 10 Don’t talk much, _ effectively, and the people will trust and believe in you 11 We find it hard to _ people follow our advice of changing their eating and living habits; however, if we take action patiently, I believe that it gradually become easier 12 People in Nagano once experienced high death rates because of their favorite food; however, the _ happened in 1981, when Nagano Dietetic Association decided to take action 13 Nagano has built _ for local people to recover from ill health 105| Learning hard, living happily! 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Biên soạn tổng hợp Lê Công Đức Circle a word with the underlined part pronounced differently from the others in a row 14 A conduct B smuggling C nutrition D reduction 15 A seminar B chauffeur C ocean D sugary 16 A routine B discount C amount D housing 17 A healthcare B stealing C breakfast D stealth 18 A digestion B suggestion C question D coopration Circle a word stressed differently from the others in a row 19 A digestive B conduction C routine 20 A convince B necessary C digest 21 A seminar B nutrition C cooperate 22 A vegetable B temperature C diversity 23 A physically B elision C perception D average D persuade D successful D analyse D efficiency Circle the best word phrase to complete the sentences each 24 It is high time for all of the nations around the world to pay more attention to the global-scale issue called ‘Climate change’ and _ immediately A imitate B tacke action C release C invest 25 If you want to protect and maintain your _, you mustn’t eat too much, especially meat, and consume any foods three hours before sleeping A brain functions B skeleton system C digestive system D active energy 26 This weekend, we organize a _ to exchange our knowledge about establishing good eating habits and how to balance your nutritions simply with very useful tips from our nutritious tips A a nutrition seminar B routine health check-up C walking trails D regular medical consultancy 27 I like eating vegan foods because these foods supply adequate nutritions for my body and they are very easy to _, so my stomach can be well protected A survive B remove C digest D reduce 28 In my opinion, the key factors causing failure in educating children nowadays are that parents overprotect their children, lack tight _ educators, and not know how to educate and communicate effectively with their kids A cooperation with B assocication with C catching up with D making eye contact with 29 Which of the follwing is the synonym of the word ‘convince’? A persue B persuade C prepare D prioritize 30 A _ is created by the emergence of geothermally heated groundwater that rises from the Earth’s crust A hot spring B earthquake C black hole D valley 106| Learning hard, living happily! YOUTUBE DUCLE ELT Subcribe to learn online! Biên soạn tổng hợp Lê Công Đức TỪ VỰNG 9Unit 10 – Healthy Lifestyle and Longevity get a promotion ginger tea draw up (a revision timetable) continuous # continual inhabit (the area) inhabitants slow down (the ageing process) get stuck (in a traffic jam) vphr n v adj v n v v publish publishing-house (keep) in accordance with sth 10 high-intensity (physical activity) intensive workout 11 residents residential (areas) v n v n adj n adj thăng chức trà gừng đề (thời gian biểu ôn tập) liên tục # liên tục gây bực bội cư ngụ (vùng đó) cư dân làm giảm (q trình lão hóa) bị kẹt (trong vụ ùn tắc giao thông) xuất nhà xuất (duy trì) tuân thủ theo cgđ (hoạt động thể chất) cường độ cao tập luyện cường độ cao cư dân (khu) dân cư Complete the sentences each with a suitable word/ phrase from the above table This is his tip of being successful in studying English He suggested _ a revision timetable to go through all his notes every day Phu Cuong Zone is an ideal _ for people in Rach Gia City My friends asked my why I didn’t _ this book A lot of turtles _ in this area of water _ in the city are encouraged to ride bicyles to work Living a healthy lifestyle in cooperation with doing suitable exercise is believed to slow down the _ Beginners shouldn’t a highly _ workout because it can be harmful to your muscles, joints and heart Try to practice slightly and gradually move to heavier weight lifting Everyone must be careful with _ activities because it can cause unexpected results if you don’t take enough precautions Sorry for being too late for the meeting because we spent hours _ in the traffic jam 10 You should contact a reliable _ to publish your book I think your book will become one of the best sellers of the year 11 Every single citizen must keep _ environmental and air-quality regultions strictly to reduce the level of air pollution in our city 12 Bears are the dominated _ in the region 13 My favorite drink is _ 14 It has rained _ for more than eight hours 15 He tries to work as effectively as he can in the hope of of the branch managers 107| Learning hard, living happily! 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Biên soạn tổng hợp Lê Công Đức Circle a word with the underlined part pronounced differently from the others in a row 16 A residential B initiate C intensity D initial 17 A drawing B lawyer C hawk D tawny 18 A publication B consumption C accusation D productivity 19 A inhabitant B prohibition C dishonesty D exhibition 20 A ginger B anger C energy D religion Circle a word differently from the others in a row 21 A continuous B intensity C inhabitant 22 A residential B continuously C promotion 23 A publishing B resident C revision 24 A principal B achievement C humanity 25 A.competitive B energetic C restriction D resident D accordance D timetable D prestige D external Circle the best word phrase to complete the sentences each 26 When the weather turns cold, I really like drinking _ with my family and talk about our good memory Those moments are terrific to me A a cold coffee B a hot ginger tea C an ice-scream D shredded yogurt 27 Majority students I am teaching usually _ a periodical revision timetable, so they don’t feel stressed when exams coming thanks to their careful preparation A stand for B sketch C draw up D slow down 28 Do you believe that there are some creatures _ Mars? It’s possible, isn’t it? A inhabitable B inhabitants C inhabiting D inhabited 29 How unlucky we were! I had to cancel our picnic due to the _ rain this morning Such bad things usually happen whenever we wanna go out A continual B continuous C repeatedly D intensive 30 Some beginner body builders make some serious mistakes at the first time they take up this sport They apply _ at the first stage of their training, which leads to injuries and damages to their muscles A ageing process B healthy diets C intensive workout D particular focus 31 Oxford University Press is one of the most prestigious and reliable _ in the world, especially to English learners around the world A publishing-house B residential area C important market share D profitable company 32 When you _ in Vietnam, you must invite your colleagues in your department to drink beer to congratulate on this special occasion A stabilize the economy B get promotion C widen your knowledge D require qualifications 33 Having a healthy lifestyle, purifying your mind by meditation practice, and create your own happiness by helping others will help _ your ageing process A increase B enhance C slow down D maintain 108| Learning hard, living happily! YOUTUBE DUCLE ELT Subcribe to learn online! Biên soạn tổng hợp Lê Cơng Đức LỜI TÂM HUYẾT Kính thưa q thầy cô, tác giả không giữ quyền sách với hy vọng với kiến thức ỏi đóng góp cho phát triển Anh ngữ nước nhà Nhìn quan vòng, thấy hệ trẻ cần người thầy, người cô quý vị dìu dắt giảng dạy tâm thương yêu bình đẳng, với hy vọng để em thành người có đức có tài, biết hiếu dưỡng cha mẹ, biết ân tổ quốc, kính trọng tơn sư, u thương người vạn lồi thân em Chứ nay, người ta tranh giành dạnh lợi để gây điều khổ ải cho thân nhiều người khác Cho nên, đắn đo nhiều, định tặng quý thầy cô chuỗi sách mà ban đầu tơi có ý định viết để kinh doanh Tơi hy vọng q thầy khơng chê kiến thức hạn hẹp non mà dùng sách tâm huyết người trẻ tuổi để đồng hành với thầy cô đường giảng dạy, đường vĩ đại đời người – nhà giáo dục Để giáo dục học trò mình, trước hết người làm thầy phải gương mẫu, phải bậc có đạo đức, khơng phải người thầy danh lợi mà hy sinh lợi ích người học để đem đến lợi ích cho Hy vọng nước Việt sản sinh vô số bậc thầy vĩ đại, để tiếng thơm thầy cô mãi lưu truyền cho đời đời lớp lớp học sinh kế cận Có thể có người đổi tên, dùng để xuất bản, tác giả khơng phiền hà vị không ngại làm điều Tác giả hy vọng, quý thầy cô dùng để đào tạo người học vấn chân Nhưng để có học trò chân chính, q thầy trước hết phải chân Làm điều ấy, đức cảm học trò nghe theo Từ đó, hiền tài có đạo đức xuất để phục vụ sau Tác giả không tặng quý vị đáp án với dụng ý mong quý vị bỏ chút thời gian nghiên cứu thật kỹ trước đem dạy học trò Có chút bất tiện, mong thầy cô hiểu ý mà bỏ chút tâm lực Trong q trình biên soạn, khơng khỏi sơ sót lỗi tả ngữ pháp, mong quý thầy bỏ qua xin nhận lời đóng góp q thầy để sách hồn chỉnh Rạch Giá, 21.04.2019 Tác giả biên soạn Lê Cơng Đức Kính tặng 109| Learning hard, living happily! YOUTUBE DUCLE ELT Subcribe to learn online! Biên soạn tổng hợp Lê Công Đức ... thức từ, sau lại gặp khó khăn làm để đọc cho từ Xuất phát từ khó khăn trở ngại đó, tác giả cố gắng biên soạn từ vựng để phục vụ bạn để giúp bạn thuận lợi việc học từ vựng Từ vựng tập hợp từ đơn... NĨI ĐẦU Từ vựng ln trở ngại học viên Tiếng Anh phong phú đa dạng mặt ngữ nghĩa hình thức biến thể từ Một số học viên gặp khó khăn việc tìm kiếm ngữ nghĩa thích hợp cho từ mới, từ phát sinh từ nhiều... bạn bậc trước, anh chị đồng nghiệp, bạn đọc học thức uyên bác bỏ qua đóng góp cho sai sót nhằm giúp sách từ vựng nhỏ ngày hoàn thiện Xin trân trọng cám ơn bạn quan tâm! Mọi thư từ đóng góp liên
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