tòa án hình sự mỹ STATE COURT ORGANIZATION

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U.SAll courts in the u.s. have in the courts, federal courts, French Court HouseU.S. COURTSThe U.s. courts is the smallest unit of the federal justice system. Although some cases are appeals appeal to Court of appeal or even the Supreme Court, but most federal lawsuits are only to be tried in the Court of first instance. If in terms of absolute numbers of cases to be heard, the courts are the workhorse of the Federal judiciary. But the importance of it not merely as the service trial.The first County Court in the Judiciary Act of 1789, the National Assembly has decided to establish a network of Federal Magistrates. Section 2 of this Act has established 13 courts, which regulates each of the 11 States at the time of the Union is a seed, part of Massachusetts and Virginia later became Maine and Kentucky each place is a seed. The mechanism of this organization has established customs still maintain to this day, it was to divide the courts by State boundaries.The current organization of courtsToday, all the counties have more than one judge; The southern counties of New York, which includes Manhattan and the Bronx, we have 28 judges, and is seeded with the judge. Because each trial of the federal courts are usually headed by a judge, should control at a time can have more incidents to be tried at the same time within a single seed.Courts as courts of first instanceThe Congress has built courts as the first instance trial Agency of the Federal judicial system, and given the preliminary jurisdiction to them in almost all cases. The Court is the only Federal Court that lawyers are working and confront between those who testify. Therefore, the recording conditions are made at this stage. The process of appeal is only focused on fixes rather than rebuild the saga.Duty to determine the details of the jury, composed of a group of citizens of the community, as do the unbiased arbitration of, and application of the law for details. The Constitution protects the right of the jury in criminal cases according to the constitutional amendment Friday, and in the civil service under the constitutional amendment Wednesday. However, that right can be denied, and in that case, the judge will be resolved by arbitration in both situations and the issues of law. This case is called a judge at first instance (bench trial).There are two types of jury comes with the federal courts. Grand jury is a group of men and women gathered to determine whether there may be the basis to believe that a person be prosecuted there for Federal offenders. The grand jury met periodically to hear the accusations brought by the U.s. Attorney. In contrast, the u.s. jury chosen at random in the community to hear the evidence and decide whether the person being sued in a civil appeals may be subject to liability or not, or a suspect in a case of first instance criminal guilty or not guilty. Federal Rules required in criminal cases must have 12 jury. U.s. law regulating when ended a case, the members of the jury are not allowed to talk to each other. When out of the headquarters of the Court, they cannot be exchanged with people around, including ones about the case and did not reach the PrivySTATE COURT ORGANIZATIONMagistrates with jurisdiction limited to criminal matters, the Court of the State addressed three levels: micro (infractions), less serious crimes (misdemeanors) and severe crimes (felonies). Magistrates with limited jurisdiction to only resolving less serious crimes and infractions. It was only imposed penalty limitations (usually not more than 1,000), and penalties of jail term is usually not more than one yearTrial with a public authorityMost States have a group trial to address the more serious criminal cases. Also, in many States there are groups of special problems, such as juvenile criminal offences in the jurisdiction of magistrates.VIETNAMCriminal Court in the peoples Court of the Supreme Peoples Court and confirmed by the provincial peoples CourtThe Criminal Court in the system of the appellate court of the Supreme Peoples Court:Extract of article 241. The Court of appeal of the Supreme Peoples Court has a Chief Justice Court, the Associate Chief Justice to court, the judge, a court clerk.2. The Court of appeal of the Supreme Peoples Court has the following powers and duties:a) appeal the case in which the judgment or decision at first instance has not yet come into force the law of direct subordinate courts were appealed, the appeal under the provisions of the law in the proceedings;b) appeal against the decision of the provincial peoples Court, the central cities of declared bankrupt in accordance with law;c) appeal against the decision of the provincial peoples Court, the central cities of the resolution of the strike under provisions of the law.criminal court system who are dedicated to the provincial peoples Court, the central cities.Article 301The dedicated provincial peoples Court, the central cities have stations, Deputy Chief Justice of the Court, judge, court clerk.2the Criminal Court, Civil Court and the Administrative Court of the peoples Court in the central cities, have the following powers and duties:a) at first instance the case under the provisions of the law in the proceedings;b) appeals the case to which the judgment of the first instance decision, not the law of the Court of appeal, were subordinate to protest under the rule of law in the proceedings.3Economic Court in the peoples Court, the central cities have the following powers and duties:a) first instance economic cases in accordance with the law in the proceedings;b) appeals the case where the judgment of the first instance decision, not the law of the Court of appeal, were subordinate to protest under the rule of law in the proceedings;c) solve the bankruptcy as defined by law.4The peoples Labor Court, the central cities have the following powers and duties:a) at first instance the case to labor under the provisions of the law in the proceedings;b) appeals the case to the Labor Court, decision of first instance not valid law of the lower court was appealed, the appeal under the provisions of the law in the proceedings;c) settle the strike as prescribed by law. U.S All courts in the u.s have in the courts, federal courts, French Court House U.S COURTS The U.s courts is the smallest unit of the federal justice system Although some cases are appeals appeal to Court of appeal or even the Supreme Court, but most federal lawsuits are only to be tried in the Court of first instance If in terms of absolute numbers of cases to be heard, the courts are the workhorse of the Federal judiciary But the importance of it not merely as the service trial The first County Court in the Judiciary Act of 1789, the National Assembly has decided to establish a network of Federal Magistrates Section of this Act has established 13 courts, which regulates each of the 11 States at the time of the Union is a seed, part of Massachusetts and Virginia later became Maine and Kentucky each place is a seed The mechanism of this organization has established customs still maintain to this day, it was to divide the courts by State boundaries The current organization of courts Today, all the counties have more than one judge; The southern counties of New York, which includes Manhattan and the Bronx, we have 28 judges, and is seeded with the judge Because each trial of the federal courts are usually headed by a judge, should control at a time can have more incidents to be tried at the same time within a single seed Courts as courts of first instance The Congress has built courts as the first instance trial Agency of the Federal judicial system, and given the preliminary jurisdiction to them in almost all cases The Court is the only Federal Court that lawyers are working and confront between those who testify Therefore, the recording conditions are made at this stage The process of appeal is only focused on fixes rather than rebuild the saga Duty to determine the details of the jury, composed of a group of citizens of the community, as the unbiased arbitration of, and application of the law for details The Constitution protects the right of the jury in criminal cases according to the constitutional amendment Friday, and in the civil service under the constitutional amendment Wednesday However, that right can be denied, and in that case, the judge will be resolved by arbitration in both situations and the issues of law This case is called a judge at first instance (bench trial) There are two types of jury comes with the federal courts Grand jury is a group of men and women gathered to determine whether there may be the basis to believe that a person be prosecuted there for Federal offenders The grand jury met periodically to hear the accusations brought by the U.s Attorney In contrast, the u.s jury chosen at random in the community to hear the evidence and decide whether the person being sued in a civil appeals may be subject to liability or not, or a suspect in a case of first instance criminal guilty or not guilty Federal Rules required in criminal cases must have 12 jury U.s law regulating when ended a case, the members of the jury are not allowed to talk to each other When out of the headquarters of the Court, they cannot be exchanged with people around, including ones about the case and did not reach the Privy STATE COURT ORGANIZATION Magistrates with jurisdiction limited to criminal matters, the Court of the State addressed three levels: micro (infractions), less serious crimes (misdemeanors) and severe crimes (felonies) Magistrates with limited jurisdiction to only resolving less serious crimes and infractions It was only imposed penalty limitations (usually not more than $ 1,000), and penalties of jail term is usually not more than one year Trial with a public authority Most States have a group trial to address the more serious criminal cases Also, in many States there are groups of special problems, such as juvenile criminal offences in the jurisdiction of magistrates VIETNAM Criminal Court in the people's Court of the Supreme People's Court and confirmed by the provincial people's Court The Criminal Court in the system of the appellate court of the Supreme People's Court: Extract of article 24 The Court of appeal of the Supreme People's Court has a Chief Justice Court, the Associate Chief Justice to court, the judge, a court clerk The Court of appeal of the Supreme People's Court has the following powers and duties: a) appeal the case in which the judgment or decision at first instance has not yet come into force the law of direct subordinate courts were appealed, the appeal under the provisions of the law in the proceedings; b) appeal against the decision of the provincial people's Court, the central cities of declared bankrupt in accordance with law; c) appeal against the decision of the provincial people's Court, the central cities of the resolution of the strike under provisions of the law criminal court system who are dedicated to the provincial people's Court, the central cities Article 30 1-The dedicated provincial people's Court, the central cities have stations, Deputy Chief Justice of the Court, judge, court clerk 2-the Criminal Court, Civil Court and the Administrative Court of the people's Court in the central cities, have the following powers and duties: a) at first instance the case under the provisions of the law in the proceedings; b) appeals the case to which the judgment of the first instance decision, not the law of the Court of appeal, were subordinate to protest under the rule of law in the proceedings 3-Economic Court in the people's Court, the central cities have the following powers and duties: a) first instance economic cases in accordance with the law in the proceedings; b) appeals the case where the judgment of the first instance decision, not the law of the Court of appeal, were subordinate to protest under the rule of law in the proceedings; c) solve the bankruptcy as defined by law 4-The people's Labor Court, the central cities have the following powers and duties: a) at first instance the case to labor under the provisions of the law in the proceedings; b) appeals the case to the Labor Court, decision of first instance not valid law of the lower court was appealed, the appeal under the provisions of the law in the proceedings; c) settle the strike as prescribed by law ... Criminal Court in the people's Court of the Supreme People's Court and confirmed by the provincial people's Court The Criminal Court in the system of the appellate court of the Supreme People's Court: ... 24 The Court of appeal of the Supreme People's Court has a Chief Justice Court, the Associate Chief Justice to court, the judge, a court clerk The Court of appeal of the Supreme People's Court. .. people's Court, the central cities have stations, Deputy Chief Justice of the Court, judge, court clerk 2-the Criminal Court, Civil Court and the Administrative Court of the people's Court in
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