Bài tập về câu điều kiện tiếng Anh

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19/ 10/ 2008 Conditional sentences 1. Type I: Real conditional sentences. If + S + V (present) , S + will/ shall + V (infinitive) Eg: 1. If I am free, I will come to see you tomorrow 2. If you have finished your letter, I will post it 3. If you are doing your homework, I will wait until you finish 2. Type II: Unreal conditional sentences at present. If + S + V (past) , S + would/ should + V (infinitive) were Eg: 1. If I were you, I would work harder 2. What would you do if you lived in Paris now? 3. If I stayed at home now, I would watch TV. 3. Type III: Unreal conditional sentences in the past. would If + S + had + P II (past perfect) , S + should + have + P II could [ Eg: 1. If I had gone there, I would have met him. 2. If she had had enough money, she would have bought that car. 3. If he had studied hard enough, he would have passed the exams last year. 4. Mixed type of conditional sentences would If + S + had + P II (past perfect) , S + should + V (infinitive) could [ Eg: 1. If I had taken my mother’s advice, I wouldn’t be ill today. 2. If she had revised the lessons well, she would do the test easily now. + Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tenses. Type I 1 If I see him I (give) him a lift. 2 The table will collapse if you (stand) on it. 3 If he (eat) all that he will be ill. 4 If I find your passport I (telephone) you at once. 5 The police (arrest) him if they catch him. 6 If he (read) in bad light he will ruin his eyes. 7 Someone (steal) your car if you leave it unlocked. 8 What will happen if my parachute (not open)? 9 If he (wash) my car I'll give him Ј10. 10 If she (need) a radio she can borrow mine. 11 If you (not go) away I'll send for the police. 12 I'll be very angry if he (make) any more mistakes. 13 If he (be) late we'll go without him. 14 She will be absolutely furious if she (hear) about this. 15 If you put on the kettle I (make) the tea. 16 If you give my dog a bone he (bury) it at once. 17 If we leave the car here it (not be) in anybody's way. 18 He'll be late for the train if he (not start) at once. 19 If you come late they (not let) you in. 20 If he (go) on telling lies nobody will believe a word he says. 21 Unless he (sell) more he won't get much commission. 22 If I lend you Ј10 when you (repay) me? 23 We'll have to move upstairs if the river (rise) any higher. 24 If he (work) hard today can he have a holiday tomorrow? 25 Ice (turn) to water if you heat it. 26 If the house (burn) down we can claim compensation. 27 If you (not like) this one I'll bring you another. 28 Unless you are more careful you (have) an accident. 29 Tell him to ring me up if you (see) him. 30 If I tell you a secret, you (promise) not to tell it to anyone else? 31 If you (not believe) what I say, ask your mother. 32 If he (like) the house will he buy it? 33 If you will kindly sit down I (make) enquiries for you. 34 Unless I have a quiet room I (not be able) to do any work. 35 She won't open the door unless she (know) who it is. 36 Should you require anything else please (ring) the bell for the attendant. + Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tenses Type II 1 If I had a typewriter I (type) it myself. 2 If I (know) his address I'd give it to you. 3 He (look) a lot better if he shaved more often. 4 If you (play) for lower stakes you wouldn't lose so much. 5 If he worked more slowly he (not make) so many mistakes. 6 I shouldn't drink that wine if I (be) you. 7 More tourists would come to this country if it (have) a better climate. 8 If I were sent to prison you (visit) me? 9 If someone (give) you a helicopter what would you do with it? 10 I (buy) shares in that company if I had some money. 11 If he (clean) his windscreen he'd be able to see where he was going. 12 If you drove your car into the river you (be able) to get out? 13 If you (not belong) to a union you couldn't get a job. 14 If I (win) a big prize in a lottery I'd give up my job. VnDoc - Tải tài liệu, văn pháp luật, biểu mẫu miễn phí Exercise 12 Câu điều kiện 1 If It (not rain) ………today, they ( go)…………camping Peter (play) ………soccer with his friends if he (have) …….free time If Jane (study) ……… harder, she (pass) …………….the entrance exams David (come and see) ……………….his girlfriend if he (not have to/work) …… on a night shift This machine (break) …… down if it (not use) …… quite often Helen (come)…… to class late if she (not run)…………….fast enough Giang’s parents (be)…… very happy if she (get) ……….good marks at school Thomas (visit) …….Ha Long Bay if he (earn) ……enough money If you (brush) ….your teeth regularly, you ( not have)……….a toothache 10 If Carol (have) ….enough qualifications for the job she applied, she ( get) …… it Exercise 13 Những từ có cách dùng giống IF câu điều kiện 1 When Mary (come) …….here tomorrow, I (phone)……… you Jame (fail)………….the driving test unless he (practice)…………………more I (rush) ……… to the market as soon as the lesson (finish)……………… (wait) …… here till the teacher (come) ………….back You (can/ use)……….my motorbike as long as you (drive)……….it carefully I (look)……….after my nephew until his father (return) ………home from work Providing that it (rain)…… tonight, I (not have to/ water)…………….the trees As soon as we (finish) ….our project, we ( hold) …………a big party Unless Mai (walk)………faster, she (miss)…………the last bus 10 I (love)………….you till I (die)……………………………………… Exercise 14 Biến đổi Unless= if …….not If Andrew is not lazy, he will pass the final examination (unless) → John will not catch the train unless he runs more quickly (If) → The tree will die if it isn’t watered every day (unless) → Life won’t be very easy if we don’t earn lots of money (unless) → If you don’t practice more often, your English won’t be better → Jack will be dismissed if he doesn’t try to work harder → Exercise 15 Thành lập câu điều kiện dựa vào tình cụ thể sau VnDoc - Tải tài liệu, văn pháp luật, biểu mẫu miễn phí Work harder or you will lose your job → Pay attention to the teacher or you won’t understand the lessons → Go to bed early or you can’t get up early the next morning → Save money now or you will be in debt in the future → Read more referent books if you want to win a place at university → Driving more carefully or you will have an accident → Brush your teeth often in order not to get toothache → Listen carefully or you won’t know what to → Exercise 16 Hoàn thành câu đk sau If it doesn’t rain this weekend, We will have a good job if You can buy anything you like if If you have a lot of money, I won’t love you unless As soon as I have finished school, When I have free time, If you like working abroad, Exercise 17 Câu Điều Kiện loại If today (be) ……….Sunday, the students (not go) ………………to school If Hoan (be) ……….5 years younger, he ( look)………………for another job They (travel)……… around the world if they (have) ……….enough money now If each water (be) ….your happiness, I (give)….you all the oceans in the world I (grow) …….trees everywhere on this planet if each leaf (be) …… your happiness If paper (be) ……money, I (buy) ……………… you anything you like If Diep (have) ……….Lan’s phone number, he (phone) ……… her right away I (stop/love)…… you if the earth (stop/moving)……….around the sun If I (be) ………the president now, I (give) …… more jobs for the unemployment 10 If I (live)…….in New York now, I (invite) ……… Donald Trump a cup of coffee Exercise 18 Thành lập câu điều kiện loại dựa theo tình cụ thể sau Smith doesn’t understand the lessons because he often chats in the classroom → If Smith VnDoc - Tải tài liệu, văn pháp luật, biểu mẫu miễn phí They can’t go swimming because of the cold weather → If the weather Tom comes to school late because it rains heavily → If it They have to say “goodbye” because the gold price increases →If the Mary is so busy, so she can’t meet her old friends → If Mary Driving carelessly causes Trinh’s accident → If Trinh Jessica can’t get the job because she can’t speak Korean → If Jessica Tommy can’t attend school because he has to earn his living → John can’t work because his laptop is out of order now → 10 Because of the foggy weather, the flight is cancelled → Exercise 19 Hoàn thành tiếp câu điều kiện sau If I had plenty of money now, If it didn’t rain today, If people could live forever, I would love you forever if If Peter studied better, If I were a famous singer, If I had your love, There would be less violent if Car accidents would reduce if 10 We would travel to the moon if Exercise 20 Câu điều kiện loại (Give the correct form of verbs) If they (go)………to bed early last night, they (get) …… up early this morning If John (drive)………more carefully yesterday, he (not have) ……… an accident They (travel)…….around the world if they (have) ………….enough money last year If the weather (not be)……….too cold last weekend, we (go)………… fishing If Thomas (work) ……….harder last year, he (not be) …………dismissed I (not finish)……… my project in time if my classmates (not ...28/ 11/ 2014 - Hoàng Vũ Conditional sentences Kiến thức câu điều kiện 1. Type I: Real conditional sentences. If + S + V (present) , S + will/ shall + V (infinitive) Eg: 1. If I am free, I will come to see you tomorrow 2. If you have finished your letter, I will post it 3. If you are doing your homework, I will wait until you finish 2. Type II: Unreal conditional sentences at present. If + S + V (past) , S + would/ should + V (infinitive) were Eg: 1. If I were you, I would work harder 2. What would you do if you lived in Paris now? 3. If I stayed at home now, I would watch TV. 3. Type III: Unreal conditional sentences in the past. would If + S + had + P II (past perfect) , S + should + have + P II could [ Eg: 1. If I had gone there, I would have met him. 2. If she had had enough money, she would have bought that car. 3. If he had studied hard enough, he would have passed the exams last year. 4. Mixed type of conditional sentences would If + S + had + P II (past perfect) , S + should + V (infinitive) could [ Eg: 1. If I had taken my mother’s advice, I wouldn’t be ill today. 2. If she had revised the lessons well, she would do the test easily now. + Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tenses. Type I 1 If I see him I (give) him a lift. 2 The table will collapse if you (stand) on it. 3 If he (eat) all that he will be ill. 4 If I find your passport I (telephone) you at once. 5 The police (arrest) him if they catch him. 6 If he (read) in bad light he will ruin his eyes. 7 Someone (steal) your car if you leave it unlocked. 8 What will happen if my parachute (not open)? 9 If he (wash) my car I'll give him Ј10. 10 If she (need) a radio she can borrow mine. 11 If you (not go) away I'll send for the police. 12 I'll be very angry if he (make) any more mistakes. 13 If he (be) late we'll go without him. 14 She will be absolutely furious if she (hear) about this. 15 If you put on the kettle I (make) the tea. 16 If you give my dog a bone he (bury) it at once. 17 If we leave the car here it (not be) in anybody's way. 18 He'll be late for the train if he (not start) at once. 19 If you come late they (not let) you in. 20 If he (go) on telling lies nobody will believe a word he says. 21 Unless he (sell) more he won't get much commission. 22 If I lend you Ј10 when you (repay) me? 23 We'll have to move upstairs if the river (rise) any higher. 24 If he (work) hard today can he have a holiday tomorrow? 25 Ice (turn) to water if you heat it. 26 If the house (burn) down we can claim compensation. 27 If you (not like) this one I'll bring you another. 28 Unless you are more careful you (have) an accident. 29 Tell him to ring me up if you (see) him. 30 If I tell you a secret, you (promise) not to tell it to anyone else? 31 If you (not believe) what I say, ask your mother. 32 If he (like) the house will he buy it? 33 If you will kindly sit down I (make) enquiries for you. 34 Unless I have a quiet room I (not be able) to do any work. 35 She won't open the door unless she (know) who it is. 36 Should you require anything else please (ring) the bell for the attendant. + Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tenses Type II 1 If I had a typewriter I (type) it myself. 2 If I (know) his address I'd give it to you. 3 He (look) a lot better if he shaved more often. 4 If you (play) for lower stakes you wouldn't lose so much. 5 If he worked more slowly he (not make) so many mistakes. 6 I shouldn't drink that wine if I (be) you. 7 More tourists would come to this country if it (have) a better climate. 8 If I were sent to prison you (visit) me? 9 If someone (give) you a helicopter what would you do with it? 10 I (buy) shares in that company if I had some money. 11 If he (clean) his windscreen he'd be able to see where he was going. 12 If you drove your car into the river you (be Lý thuyết và bài tập áp dụng về câu điều kiện trong tiếng anh Câu điều kiện: Tìm hiểu chi tiết về lý thuyết, cấu trúc và cách sử dụng của 3 loại câu điều kiện ( Loại 1, loại 2 & loại 3) Bài tập thực hành về câu điều kiện trong tiếng anh Định Nghĩa Câu Điều Kiện Câu điều kiện dùng để nêu lên một giả thiết về một sự việc, mà sự việc đó chỉ có thể xảy ra khi điều kiện được nói đến xảy ra. Câu điều kiện gồm có hai phần (hai mệnh đề):  Mệnh đề nêu lên điều kiện (còn gọi là mệnh đề IF) là mệnh đề phụ hay mệnh đề điều kiện  Mệnh đề nêu lên kết quả là mệnh đề chính. Ví dụ: If it rains - I will stay at home. Mệnh đề điều kiện - mệnh đề chính (Nếu trời mưa - tôi sẽ ở nhà.) Hai mệnh đề trong câu điều kiện có thể đổi chổ cho nhau được: nếu mệnh đề chính đứng trước thì giữa hai mệnh đề không cần dấu phẩy, ngược lại thì phải có dấu phẩy ở giữa. Ví dụ: You will pass the exam if you work hard. (Bạn sẽ vượt qua kỳ thi nếu bạn học tập chăm chỉ.) => If you work hard, you will pass the exam. (Nếu bạn học tập chăm chỉ, bạn sẽ vượt qua kỳ thi.) Các loại câu điều kiện: Type Forms Usage 0 If + S + V(s,es), S+ V(s,es)/câu mệnh lệnh 1 If + S + V(s,es), S + Will/Can/shall + Vo Đk có thể xảy ra ở hiẹn tại ỏ tương lai 2 If + S + V2/ Ved, S +would/ Could/ Should + Vo Đk không có thật ở hiện tại 3 If + S + Had + V3/Ved, S + would/ could + have + V3/Ved Đk không có thật trong quá khứ Đk kết hợp If + S + had + V3/Ved, S + would + Vo 3 Loại câu điều kiện trong tiếng anh (1) Câu điều kiện loại I Khái niệm về câu điều kiện loại 1  Câu điều kiện loại I còn được gọi là câu điều kiện có thực ở hiện tại.  Điều kiện có thể xảy ra ở hiện tại hoặc tương lai. Cấu trúc - Công thức câu điều kiện loại 1 If + S + V (hiện tại), S + will + V (nguyên mẫu) IF + Chủ ngữ 1 + Động từ chia ở thì hiện tại đơn + Bổ ngữ, Chủ ngữ 2 + WILL + Động từ nguyên mẫu + Bổ ngữ (nếu có). Nói cách khác, ở câu điều kiện loại 1, mệnh đề IF dùng thì hiện tại đơn, mệnh đề chính dùng thì tương lai đơn.  Chủ ngữ 1 và chủ ngữ 2 có thể trùng nhau. Bổ ngữ có thể không có, tùy ý nghĩa của câu. Mệnh đề IF và mệnh đề chính có thể đứng trước hay sau đều được.  Trong câu điều kiện loại I, động từ của mệnh đề điều kiện chia ở thì hiện tại đơn, còn động từ trong mệnh đề chính chia ở thì tương lai đơn. Ví dụ: If you come into my garden, my dog will bite you. (Nếu anh vào vườn của tôi, con chó của tôi sẽ cắn anh đó.) If it is sunny, I will go fishing. (Nếu trời nắng tốt, tôi sẽ đi câu cá.) Cách dùng câu điều kiện loại 1: Câu điều kiện loại 1 còn có thể được gọi là câu điều kiện hiện tại có thể có thật. Ta sử dụng câu điều kiện loại 1 để đặt ra một điều kiện có thể thực hiện được trong hiện tại và nêu kết quả có thể xảy ra. ngữ pháp tiếng anh (2) Câu điều kiện loại II Khái niệm về câu điều kiện loại 2:  Câu điều kiện loại II còn được gọi là câu điều kiện không có thực ở hiện tại.  Điều kiện không thể xảy ra ở hiện tại hoặc tương lai, điều kiện chỉ là một giả thiết, một ước muốn trái ngược với thực trạng hiện tại. Cấu trúc câu điều kiện loại 2 If + S + V (quá khứ), S + would + V (nguyên mẫu) - Trong câu điều kiện loại II, động từ của mệnh đề điều kiện chia ở bang thái cách (past subjunctive), động từ của mệnh đề chính chia ở thì điều kiện hiện tại (simple conditional). Chú ý: Bàng thái cách (Past English test 8 EXERCISE I: Put the verbs in brackets in correct tenses. 1/ If I (have) ________ a typewriter, I could type it myself. 2/ If I had known that you were in hospital , I (visit) ________ you. 3/ You could make much progress if you (attend) ________ class regularly. 4/ If I (know) ________ his telephone number, I would give it to you. 5/ If you (arrive) ________ ten minutes earlier, you would have got a seat. 6/ If he (study) ________ harder, he can pass an exam. 7/ She may be late if she (not hurry) ________. 8/ Tell him to ring me if you (see) ________ him. 9/ If you (speak) ________ more slowly,he might have understood you. 10/ What (you do) ________ if you got fat ? Exercise II : Supply the correct verb tense. 1/ If you are kind to me, I (be) _______ good to you. 2/ He (come) _______ if you waited. 3/ If you (ring) _______ the bell, the servant would come. 4/ If I had known that the baby was hungry, I (feed) _______ him. 5/ If it (not, rain) _______ a lot, the rice crop wouln’ t grow. 6/ If today (be) _______ Sunday, we wouldn’ t have to work. 7/ If she had had your address, she (write) _______ to you. 8/ We lost the match. If you (play) _______ for us, we (win) _______. 10/ They would not be paid unless they (do) _______ their work well. 12/ If I became very rich, I (build ) _______ a hospital for the poor. 13/ If he (give) _______ up smoking, as his doctor orders, he will be soon well again. 14/ He (not, have) _______ an accident if he had not been driving so fast. 15/ If she (write) _______ more carefully, she might not have made too many mistakes. 16/ You would have to stay in bed unless your health (improve) _______. 17/ If I (have) ________ a typewriter, I could type it myself. 18/ If I had known that you were in hospital , I (visit) ________ you. 19/ You could make much progress if you (attend) ________ class regularly. 20/ If I (know) ________ his telephone number, I would give it to you. 21/ If you (arrive) ________ ten minutes earlier, you would have got a seat. 22/ If he (study) ________ harder, he can pass an exam. 23/ She may be late if she (not hurry) ________. 24/ Tell him to ring me if you (see) ________ him. 25/ If you (speak) ________ more slowly,he might have understood you. 26/ What (you do) ________ if you got fat ? Exercise III : Use “ if” in place of “ unless” 1/ We won’ t go out unless it stops raining. -____________________________________________________________ 2/ I will call the police unless you give back my bicycle. -____________________________________________________________ 3/ You wouldn’ t be able to do this exercise unless your English were good. -____________________________________________________________ 4/ Unless we had enough rain, we couldn’ t grow rice. -____________________________________________________________ 5/ The fishermen couldn’ t have caught a lot of fish unless they had had good nets. -____________________________________________________________ 6/ I wouldn’ t buy it unless I could afford it. -____________________________________________________________ 7/ I would refuse to go unless they paid my expenses. -____________________________________________________________ 8/ I don’ t agree with his economic policy. I wouldn’ t vote for him unless he changed it. -____________________________________________________________ 9/ He wouldn’ t have written unless he had heard news. -____________________________________________________________ 10/ You might not have a terrible toothache unless you went to the dentist regularly. -____________________________________________________________ Exercise IV: Rewrite these sentences by using the condition sentence: 1/ She can’ t be employed because she doesn’ t have a college degree.  If _____________________________________________ 2/ I 28/ 11/ 2014 - Hoàng Vũ Conditional sentences Kiến thức câu điều kiện 1. Type I: Real conditional sentences. If + S + V (present) , S + will/ shall + V (infinitive) Eg: 1. If I am free, I will come to see you tomorrow 2. If you have finished your letter, I will post it 3. If you are doing your homework, I will wait until you finish 2. Type II: Unreal conditional sentences at present. If + S + V (past) , S + would/ should + V (infinitive) were Eg: 1. If I were you, I would work harder 2. What would you do if you lived in Paris now? 3. If I stayed at home now, I would watch TV. 3. Type III: Unreal conditional sentences in the past. would If + S + had + P II (past perfect) , S + should + have + P II could [ Eg: 1. If I had gone there, I would have met him. 2. If she had had enough money, she would have bought that car. 3. If he had studied hard enough, he would have passed the exams last year. 4. Mixed type of conditional sentences would If + S + had + P II (past perfect) , S + should + V (infinitive) could [ Eg: 1. If I had taken my mother’s advice, I wouldn’t be ill today. 2. If she had revised the lessons well, she would do the test easily now. + Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tenses. Type I 1 If I see him I (give) him a lift. 2 The table will collapse if you (stand) on it. 3 If he (eat) all that he will be ill. 4 If I find your passport I (telephone) you at once. 5 The police (arrest) him if they catch him. 6 If he (read) in bad light he will ruin his eyes. 7 Someone (steal) your car if you leave it unlocked. 8 What will happen if my parachute (not open)? 9 If he (wash) my car I'll give him Ј10. 10 If she (need) a radio she can borrow mine. 11 If you (not go) away I'll send for the police. 12 I'll be very angry if he (make) any more mistakes. 13 If he (be) late we'll go without him. 14 She will be absolutely furious if she (hear) about this. 15 If you put on the kettle I (make) the tea. 16 If you give my dog a bone he (bury) it at once. 17 If we leave the car here it (not be) in anybody's way. 18 He'll be late for the train if he (not start) at once. 19 If you come late they (not let) you in. 20 If he (go) on telling lies nobody will believe a word he says. 21 Unless he (sell) more he won't get much commission. 22 If I lend you Ј10 when you (repay) me? 23 We'll have to move upstairs if the river (rise) any higher. 24 If he (work) hard today can he have a holiday tomorrow? 25 Ice (turn) to water if you heat it. 26 If the house (burn) down we can claim compensation. 27 If you (not like) this one I'll bring you another. 28 Unless you are more careful you (have) an accident. 29 Tell him to ring me up if you (see) him. 30 If I tell you a secret, you (promise) not to tell it to anyone else? 31 If you (not believe) what I say, ask your mother. 32 If he (like) the house will he buy it? 33 If you will kindly sit down I (make) enquiries for you. 34 Unless I have a quiet room I (not be able) to do any work. 35 She won't open the door unless she (know) who it is. 36 Should you require anything else please (ring) the bell for the attendant. + Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tenses Type II 1 If I had a typewriter I (type) it myself. 2 If I (know) his address I'd give it to you. 3 He (look) a lot better if he shaved more often. 4 If you (play) for lower stakes you wouldn't lose so much. 5 If he worked more slowly he (not make) so many mistakes. 6 I shouldn't drink that wine if I (be) you. 7 More tourists would come to this country if it (have) a better climate. 8 If I were sent to prison you (visit) me? 9 If someone (give) you a helicopter what would you do with it? 10 I (buy) shares in that company if I had some money. 11 If he (clean) his windscreen he'd be able to see where he was going. 12 If you drove ... soon as I have finished school, When I have free time, If you like working abroad, Exercise 17 Câu Điều Kiện loại If today (be) ……….Sunday, the students (not go) ………………to school If Hoan (be) ……….5... (live)…….in New York now, I (invite) ……… Donald Trump a cup of coffee Exercise 18 Thành lập câu điều kiện loại dựa theo tình cụ thể sau Smith doesn’t understand the lessons because he often chats... now → 10 Because of the foggy weather, the flight is cancelled → Exercise 19 Hoàn thành tiếp câu điều kiện sau If I had plenty of money now, If it didn’t rain today, If people could live forever,
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