Kiểm tra ngữ pháp chapter 13 sentences and its parts

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I) The Sentence and its parts Câu thành phần câu Sentence Câu Main clause Mệnh đề Subordinate clause Mệnh đề phụ Adjective clause Who, which, where… Mệnh đề tính từ Adverb clause Because, although, if… Mệnh đề trạng từ Noun clause That, what, why, how, … Mệnh đề danh từ MỆNH ĐỀ CHÍNH VÀ MỆNH ĐỀ PHỤ Mệnh đề có chủ ngữ động từ, đứng độc lập câu: Mệnh đề phụ có chủ ngữ động từ, phụ thuộc vào mệnh đề có nghóa Mệnh đề phụ đứng độc lập: Main clause Subject + verb Subordinate clause Subject + verb The admissions office telephoned after you left Main clause subordinate clause Câu phức có mệnh đề mệnh đề phụ (Các) mệnh đề phụ làm chức tính từ, trạng từ, danh từ Main clause Subject + verb Subordinate clause Subject + verb Subordinate clause +Mệnh đề tính từ bắt đầu đại từ who, which, where, whose, whom, that, theo sau danh từ đại từ mà miêu tả: Main clause Adjective clause Who / whose / whom Which / that where Earthworms are insects which are active at night +Mệnh đề trạng từ bắt đầu liên từ phụ before, after ,because, although, if, while, when , as ,as soon as ,until, no sooner …than v.v Main clause Adverb clause before, because although, if while, after Columbus discovered America while he was looking for India Nếu mệnh đề trạng từ bắt đầu câu, tách rời với mệnh đề dấu phẩy: While he was looking for india, Columbus discovered America +Mệnh đề danh từ that nghi vấn từ what, why, where, how: Main clause Noun clause That … What … Why … How … Where … I was not surprised Main clause by what she wrote Noun clause EXERCISE Find the subordinate clauses in these sentences Tìm mệnh đề phụ câu sau A bee performs a special dance, when it has found food, to inform the others about it Most people will be happy if the law to reduce taxes is passed The house where Shakespeare live has been visited by millions of people Many people came to California in the 1860s believing that they would find gold All the offices are closed because it is the Fourth of July Mother’s Day, which is celebrated in May, has been observed since 1914 Benjamin Franklin, who was a famous statesman, was also a scientist and an author Although we call them shooting stars, meteorites are bits of matter from other planets entering the earth’s atmosphere (B) Adjective clause MỆNH ĐỀ TÍNH TỪ Main clause Adjective clause Which That Who Whom* Where When Whom thường không dùng văn nói tiếng Anh; who dùng thay Whom dùng văn viết tiếng Anh trònh trọng He is the man who I told you about (spoken) He is the man about whom I told you (formal written) Ghi chú: Chú ý vò trí giới từ about Mệnh đề tính từ thường bắt đầu từ which, that, who, whom, where when: A cure for the common cold, which is caused by a virus, has not been found A person whose blood pressure is high may have heart disease Alexander, who was a great general, was an ambitious man Đôi từ giới thiệu which, whom, that, bỏ đi: That is the book which you gave me for my birthday (Omitted) That is the book you gave me for my birthday Như mệnh đề danh từ, mệnh đề tính từ that, có mệnh đề tính từ which EXERCISE Choose one word or phrase, (A), (B), (C), or (D) to complete the sentence: Chọn từ cum từ, (A), (B), (C), (D) để hoàn chỉnh câu: Alexander Fleming, , received the Nobel prize in 1945 (A) who discovered penicillin (B) which discovered penicillin (C) he discovered penicillin (D) that discovered penicillin John James Audubon, who was a naturalist and an artist, wrote a great work called Birds of America (A) which it is (B) which is (C) whom is (D) is Immigrants after 1880 settled mainly in large cities (A) which came to America (B) they came to America (C) came to America (D) who came to America Hawaii, which is part of a group of islands, _ active volcanoes (A) that has (B) which has (C) has (D) who has In the ear, just above the cochlea, there are three small semi-circular canals _ as an organ of balance (A) that function together (B) function together (C) are function together (D) they function together Amsterdam, Holland, which is sometimes called the Venice of Northern Europe, (A) which has many canals (B) it has many canals (C) with many canals (D) has many canals The Egyptians constructed walls and embankments marvel even today (A) they are considered (B) which are considered (C) are considered (D) who are considered Ernest Hemingway, a novelist and short-story writer, developed a prose style (A) who influenced an entire generation of authors (B) influenced an entire generation of authors (C) that influenced an entire generation of authors (D) has influenced an entire generation of authors (C) Adverb clause MỆNH ĐỀ TRẠNG TỪ Mệnh đề phụ trạng từ giới thiệu liên từ phụ sau: Time After, before, since, when, while, whenever, as, as soon as, once, Thời gian until, as/so long as, by the time (that), now that Manner As if, as though Thể cách Condition If, unless, even if, only if, in case (that), whether or not, in the event Điều kiện (that), provided (that) Cause and Effect Because, since, so (that), in order (that) Nguyên nhân kết Opposition Although, while, though, even though, whereas Đối lập Comparison Than, as So sánh When we went to Rome, we saw the Coliseum (time) Even if it rains, the competition will be held outside (condition) They went on a field trip although it was raining (opposition) EXERCISE Fill in the blanks with one of the words from (A), (B), (C), or (D) Điền vào chỗ trống từ chọn (A), (B), (C) (D) It looked dark and heavy _ it was going to rain (A) although (B) unless (C) as if (D) whereas _ I get your call, I will leave (A) As soon as(B) As though (C) By the time (D) Now that he had read the instructions several times, he knew what to (A) Whereas (B) After (C) Until (D) While he cannot afford a car, he rides a bicycle (A) Unless (B) Whereas (C) Though (D) Because _ the cities not provide better and cheaper mass transportation, the traffic problem will get worse (A) So that (B) Even though (C) If (D) Before you go to Canada, you should visit Toronto (A) When (B) As (C) Since (D) Unless riding a bicycle is good leg exercise, it does not use up a lot of calorie (A) As (B) Although (C) Because (D) S that She tuned off the cassette player _ she could study (A) now that (B) even if (C) so that (D) in case (D) Noun clause MỆNH ĐỀ DANH TỪ Main clause Noun clause Which… What… When… Where… Who… How… Whose… Why… Mệnh đề danh từ bắt đầu từ nghi vấn what, where, how, why…: Subject Chủ ngữ What she wears is exciting Why she failed was clear Main clause Say Feel Think Believe Rumour Report Noun clause Object Túc từ I don’t know why he said that We were told where to mail it That… Mệnh đề danh từ làm chức túc từ sau động từ saying, thinking, believing, feeling, that: I felt that he was telling the truth You said that it would be difficult Trong mệnh đề danh từ làm chức túc từ, từ that bỏ The students felt that the test was too difficult (Omitted) The students felt the test was too difficult EXERCISE BÀI TẬP Identify the noun clauses, if any, in the following sentences: Nhận biết mệnh đề danh từ, có, câu sau: The professor stated quite clearly that all the papers would have to be given in next week The students felt their assignments were too time-consuming In the last five minutes, the professor always reviewed his lecture John was worried about his grade point average We were always told what to study for the final The office did not know how much next year’s tuition would be The girl will tell you where to pick up the registration package Each group cheered for their team as they scored their points (E) Test on the sentence and its parts BÀI KIỂM TRA VỀ CÂU VÀ CÁC THÀNH PHẦN CỦA CÂU Time: minutes Thời gian: phút Choose the one word or phrase, (A), (B), (C), or (D), that best completes the sentence: Chọn từ cụm từ (A), (B), (C), (D) để hoàn chỉnh câu nhất: Fish have nostrils _are used for smelling, not for breathing (A) they (B) what (C) whom (D) that the Industrial Revolution came to America, the majority of the population lived in rural areas (A) Before (B) During (C) Because (D) So that The commercial bottle cork is obtained from the cork oak, in the Mediterranean region (A) who grows (B) is growing (C) growing (D) which grows Pearl Buck, who was the first American woman to win a Nobel prize for literature, for her novel The Good Earth (A) who is best known (B) which is best known (C) is best known (D) best known Kelps are valuable to man for fertilizer they contain chemical elements (A) which (B) that (C) while (D) because , which was purchased from Russia in 1867, is the largest state in the U.S (A) Alaska (B) When Alaska (C) It is Alaska (D) Alaska is that It is believed causes insomnia (A) too much caffeine which (B) that too much caffeine (C) it is too much caffeine (D) too much caffeine that Earthworms breathe through their skin must be kept moist (A) and which (B) they (C) which (D) who Seafood higher in sodium than fish from fresh water (A) are (B) which are (C) that are (D) they are 10 Early settlers in America believed that an over-supply of blood some diseases (A) has caused(B) it caused (C) caused (D) that caused 11 _, a famous hunter, was chiefly responsible for opening up the upper part of the old Southwest (A) It is Daniel Boone(B) Daniel Boone (C) It was Daniel Boone (D) Daniel Boone was 12 Benjamin Franklin’s poor Richard’s Almanac, which he published from 1732 to 1757 information and proverbs in an interesting way (A) it presented (B) and it presented (C) when it presented (D) presented 13 The Dark Ages in Europe a period which lasted for more than 500 years (A) that was (B) it was (C) was (D) which was 14 Marco Polo, _ traveled to the Orient with his father and uncle, wrote a book about his travels (A) which (B) who (C) that (D) whom 15 The stimulation that infant animals receive affects their behavior they become adults (A) during (B) since (C) because (D) when 16 , which had been brought to Europe from China in the 15th Century, helped seamen to navigate (A) The compass (B) It is the compass (C) which the compass (D) that the compass 17 In 1846 Dr William Morton introduced the use of ether as an anesthetic _ became a great boon to surgery (A) so (B) and (C) which (D) who 18 Steamboats did not replace sailing vessels on the high seas _ later in the 1860s (A) until (B) although (C) because (D) unless 19 _ is toasted, the brown on the outer surface consists of dextrin, which is easier to digest than starch (A) Because a slice of bread (B) when a slice of bread (C) Although a slice of bread (D) while a slice of bread 20 Conifers are important to man they supply much of his lumber and most of the wood pulp for paper (A) whereas (B) although (C) whenever (D) because ... published from 1732 to 1757 information and proverbs in an interesting way (A) it presented (B) and it presented (C) when it presented (D) presented 13 The Dark Ages in Europe a period... Holland, which is sometimes called the Venice of Northern Europe, (A) which has many canals (B) it has many canals (C) with many canals (D) has many canals The Egyptians constructed walls and. .. package Each group cheered for their team as they scored their points (E) Test on the sentence and its parts BÀI KIỂM TRA VỀ CÂU VÀ CÁC THÀNH PHẦN CỦA CÂU Time: minutes Thời gian: phút Choose the
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