Kiểm tra ngữ pháp chapter 3 passive voice

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Ngày đăng: 08/09/2017, 15:30

III) The passive DẠNG BỊ ĐỘNG ACTIVE: SUBJECT VERB OBJECT PASSIVE: SUBJECT to be + past p by + AGENT Dạng bò động thành lập be + ed (phân từ khứ) Trong câu bò động, túc từ động từ chủ động trở thành chủ ngữ động từ bò động: Active:Columbus discovered America Passive: America was discovered by Columbus ***Ghi chú: Chỉ có ngoại động từ (nghóa là, động từ có túc từ theo sau) dùng dạng bò động Dạng bò động dùng can nhấn mạnh việc làm người làm việc đó, người thực hành động rõ: Active:The thief stole my wallet Passive: My wallet was stolen (more usual) Sau bảng dạng bò động: Active Chủ động Passive Bò động The secretary opens the mail The mail is opened by the secretary The secretary is opening the mail The mail is being opened by the secretary The secretary has opened the mail The mail has been opened by the secretary The secretary opened the mail The mail was opened by the secretary The secretary was opening the mail The mail was being opened by the secretary The secretary had opened the mail The mail had been opened by the secretary The secretary will open the mail The mail will be opened by the secretary The secretary is going to open the mail The mail is going to be opened by the secretary The secretary will have opened the mail The mail will have been opened by the secretary ***Ghi chú: Các dạng tiếp diễn hoàn thành, khứ hoàn thành, tương lai, tương lai hoàn thành không dùng dạng bò động EXERCISE BÀI TẬP Change these sentences from active to passive: Đổi câu sau từ chủ động thành bò động: The students will receive the results tomorrow The counselor has seen the student The mailman had already delivered the mail Lightning hits many tall buildings The students are going to hold a meeting Peter is writing the report They will discuss the matter at their next meeting The police caught the thief 9)They can’t make tea with cold water >…………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………… Somebody has taken away some of my books >…………………………………………………………………………………………… …………… 11) They have to repair the engine of the car >…………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………… 12) The chief engineer was instructing all the workers of the plant >……………………………………………………………………… 13)People spend a lot of money on advertising every year >…………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………… *MORE EXERCISES ON PASSIVE VOICE : Turn into passive voice: EXERCISE 2: Turn to active voice : This house was built 100 years ago >……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………… The lession are being written by the students now >……………………………………………………………………………………………… … The job has to be done at one >……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………… The operation is going to be performed by French doctors >……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………… When was this radio manufactured ? >……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………… EXERCISE 3:Yes-No questions (passive voice) Do they teach English here ? >……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………… Will you invite her to your wedding party? >……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………… Did the teacher give some exercises ? >……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………… Is she going to write a poem ? >……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………… Has Tom finished the work ? >……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………… EXERCISE 4:Wh-questions: Why didn’t they help him ? >……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………… How many games has the team played ? >……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………… Where people speak English ? >……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………… Who are they keeping in the garden ? ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………… 5)How long have they waited for the doctors ? >…………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………… EXERCISE 5: Sentences with two Objects : 1)The teacher gave each of us two exercise books >…………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………… Someone will tell him that news >……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………… They had sent enough money to these poor boys >……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………… They have given the women in most countries in the world the right to vote >……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………… They paid me a lot of money to the job >……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………… EXERCISE 6: Sentences with the verds of reporting : (believe,rumour,declare,know,think,say,report…) People believe that 13 is an unlucky number >……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………… >……………………………………………………………… They rumoured that the man was still living >……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………… >…………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………… They declared that she won the competition >……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………… >…………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………… They reported that the president had suffered a heart attack >……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………… >…………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………… 5)They think that he has died a natural death >…………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………… >…………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………… EXERCISE 7:Sentences with verbs :” continue and begin “ We ‘ll continue to use this computer >……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………… They began to plant rubber trees in big plantations >……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………… People can continue to enjoy natural resources >……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………… American people begin to love football >……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………… EXERCISE 8:Sentences with phrasal verbs: They gave up the research after three hours >……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………… Someone should look into the matter >……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………… Don’t speak until someone speak to you >……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………… A neighbour is looking after the children >……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………… Your story brings back pleasant memories >……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………… EXERCISE 9:Sentences with verbs of perception :(động từ cảm nhận/tri giác:let,help,make,advise,hear,see,watch,smell…) I have heard her sing this song several times >……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………… People saw him steal your car >……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………… He won’t let you that silly thing again >……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………… People don’t make the children work hard >……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………… Police advise drivers to use alternative route >……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………… She helps me all these difficult exercises >……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………… EXERCISE 10: Sentences with order( Let…) 1)Open your book >…………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………… 2)Take off your hat >…………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………… 3)Don’t that silly thing again >…………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………… 4)Let ‘s tell them about it >…………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………… Don’t let the other see you >……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………… *Rewrite each of the following sentences in such a way that it means exactly the same as the sentences printed above: 1/ People say that he beats his wife He is said ………………………………………… 2/ James watt invented the steam engine The steam engine ………………………… 3/ They are going to build a hospital near my house A hospital ………………………………………… 4/ My uncle often cleans his motobike once a week My uncle motobike……………………………………………… 5/ About thirty milion people are watching this programme This programme……………………………………………………………… 6/Nga’s parent gave her a computer for her birthday Nga _ 7\ A spaceship from another planet took them away They 8/Ha was given a chance to stay on at this garage for six more months to see how he got on They……………………………………………………………… 9/ Employment is the most important thing to the youth to day Employment is said…………………………………………… 10/ Because you haven’t returned my book , I can’t lend this dictionary to you Because my book ……………………………………………………………… 11/ Can I use this computer after it is repaired ? Can this computer ……………………………… *MULTIPLE CHOICE TEST: PASSIVE VOICE 1/ “ The longest fish in the contest was eighteen inches long ” “ It _ by Thelma Rivers ” a was catching b caught c was caught d catch 2/ “ I heard you decided to take up tennis ” – “ Yes, I have _ every day ” a been played b been playing c playing d play 3/ “ Are we about to have dinner ? ” – “ Yes , it _ in the dinning room ” a is serving b serves c is being served d served 4/ “ Why is Stanley in jail ? ” - “ He _ of robbery ” a has been convicted b has been convictingc has convicted d convicted 5/ “ Where are Jack and Jan ? ” – “ They the boxes you asked for into the house ” a have been bringing b bringing c have been brought d to bring 6/ “ Where’s the old chicken coop ? ” – “ It _ by a windstorm last year ” a destroy b is destroyed c was destroyed d destroyed 7/ “ We’re still looking for Thomas ” – “ Hasn’t he yet ? ” a been found b to find c found d being found 8/ “ Whatever happened to that fortune – teller ? ” “ I don’t know She _ around here in a long time ” a hasn’t seen b didn’t see c hasn’t been seeing d hasn’t been seen 9/ “ Diana is a wonderful ballet dancer ” – “ She since she was four ” a has been dancing b has been danced c is dancing d was danced 10/ “ What a beautiful dress you’re wearing ! ” “ Thank you It _ especially for my by a French tailor ” a is made b has made c made d was made 11/ “ Those eggs of different colors are very artistic ” – “ Yes , they in Russia ” a were painted b were paint c were painting d painted 12/ “ Homer is in jail for smoking marijuana ” – “ He _ that it was against the law ” a is telling b was told c told d tells 13/ “ The maintenance people didn’t remove the chairs from the ballroom ” “ Don’t worry They _ them before the dance begins.” a will have been moved b will have moved c were moved d moved 14/ Gold in California in the nineteenth century a was discovered b has been discovered c was discover d they discovered 15/ that military spending is extremely high a We are felt b It feels c It is felt d We feel that it is 16/ All planes _ before departure a will checked b will has checked c will be checked d will been checked 17/ I wanted _ by the head of the company , but it was impossible a to see b to be seen c seeing d being to see 18/ Katherine _ at Bob’s house every night this week a has been eaten b has eating c is being eating d has been eating 19/ “ Where did you get these old dresses ? ” – “ We _ them in the old trunk ” a were found b finding c found d have been found 20/ “ What happened to the old mail carrier ?” – “ He _ in a few neighborhood to work ” a has sent b was send c was sent d sent ... 12) The chief engineer was instructing all the workers of the plant >……………………………………………………………………… 13) People spend a lot of money on advertising every year >……………………………………………………………………………………………………... ……………………… When was this radio manufactured ? >……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………… EXERCISE 3: Yes-No questions (passive voice) Do they teach English here ? >………………………………………………………………………………………………... with the verds of reporting : (believe,rumour,declare,know,think,say,report…) People believe that 13 is an unlucky number >……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………… >………………………………………………………………
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