Đề thi tiếng anh đề TEST 36 + giải thích

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KỲ THI THPT QUỐC GIA NĂM 2015 ĐỀ THỰC HÀNH SỐ 36 I CHOOSE THE BEST ANSWER: Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the other three in each of the following questions Question A honorable B honesty C historic D heir Question A unfold B unfair C unless D undo Question A depends B years C temples D parents Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions Question A introduce B Japanese C technological D photography Question A mausoleum B conservative C disqualify D magnificent Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer for each of the blanks Question Robert _in three important water polo games so far A has played B is playing C played D had played Question The man speaks I cannot understand him A so fast that B such quickly that C so fastly that D slowly enough Question It is imperative that your facebook password confidential A need keeping B need to keep C needs to be kept D needed keeping Question You should look up the meaning of the new word in the dictionary misuse it A in order to not B to C so as not to D so that Question 10 The salary of a computer programmer is a teacher A as twice much as B as much as twice of C twice as higher as that D twice as high as that of Question 11 Tony didn’t study hard for the test His answers from someone else A should have copied B must have been copied C can have copied D would have copied Question 12 On the table _ A the disks lay B did the disks lie C lay the disks D lied the disks Question 13 The girls and flowers _ he painted were vivid A who B which C whom D that Question 14 He’d prefer _ chicken soup rather than _ milk A having / having B to have / drink C have / drink D had / drank Question 15 There is in my bedroom A a square wooden old table B an old square wooden table C a wooden old square table D an old wooden square table Question 16 Our health is being _ by air pollution A dangerous B dangerously C danger D endangered Question 17 The 15th Asian Games was a _ sporting event A succeed B success C successful D successfully Question 18 Don’t expect to be treated _ in this hospital A preferential B preference C preferred D preferentially Question 19 Mrs Jane gave her short speech to express her for the retirement gift A appeasement B applause C apportionment D appreciation Question 20 I want to take my dogs with me I need their _ A company B relation C relationship D companion Question 21 Children should be by their parents on the first day of school A accompanied B followed C involved D associated Question 22 The cheered when the final goal was scored in the match today A spectators B onlookers C viewers D audience Question 23 Thanks for lending me your umbrella; it really came in _ A used B handy C handful D needy Choose the word that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part in the following sentence Question 24 Roget's Thesaurus, a collection of English words and phrases, was originally arranged by the ideas they express rather than by alphabetical order A restricted B as well as C unless D instead of Question 25: I’ll take the new job whose salary is fantastic A acceptable B pretty highs C wonderful D reasonable Question 26: Let's wait here for her; I'm sure she'll turn up before long A enter B visit C arrive D return Question 27: After her mother died, she was raised by her grandparents A come into B brought up C put up D grown up Question 28: Now I understand why you moved out of that house A I am surprised B it frustrates me C I am intrigued D it makes sense to me Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions Question 29 The students who are revising for their exams are used to stay up late A B C D Question 30 All of the cities in Texas, San Antonio is probably the most picturesque A B C D Question 31 By measuring the color of a star, astronomers can tell how hot is it A B C D Question 32 Wealthy people have always desired and wear precious stones because their beauty is lasting A B C D Question 33 The water temperature in a spring depends on that of the soil through where the water A B C flows D Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions In most of the earliest books for childre n, illustrations were an afterthought But in the Caldecott “toy books”, which first appeared in 1878, they were almost as important as the lines of text, and occupied far more space in the book One can almost read the story from the dramatic action in the pictures Since then, thousands of successful picture books have been published in the United States and around the world In the best, the words and illustrations seem to complement each other perfectly Often a single person, is responsible for both writing and illustrating the book One of the greatest, and certainly one of the most successful, illustrator-authors was Dr Seuss, whose real name was Theodor Geisel His first children’s book, And to Think That I Saw It on Mulberry Street, hit the market in 1937, and the world of children’s literature was changed forever Seuss’s playful drawings were a perfect complement to his engaging stories and unforgettable characters In 1957, Seuss’s The Cat in the Hat became the first book in Random House’s best -selling series, Beginner Books, written by Seuss and several other authors These combine outrageous illustrations of people, creatures, and plants, and playful stories written in very simple language Dr Seuss is not the only well-known author-illustrator, of course There is Max Sendak, who wrote and illustrated Where the Wild Things Are, the story of a little boy named Max, who becomes king of the fierce ( but funny) creatures that live in the Land of the Wilds Things Robert McCloskey produced both the richly textured illustrations and delightful story of a family of ducks living in downtown Boston, Make Ways for Ducklings Some books are produced by a collaborative author artist team Author Margaret Wise Brown combined with illustrator Clement Hurd to produce two delightful books loved by very young children, Goodnight Moon and The Runaway Bunny Another example is the husband-and-wife team of writer Audrey Wood and illustrator Don Wood, who were responsible for King Bidgood’s in the Bathtub and The Napping House Wordless and nearly wordless picture books have become popular With a little help, threeand fouryear-olds can follow the sequence of events, and they can understand the stories suggested in them The marvel of books with few or no words is that they allow children and their parents the opportunity to tell and retell the same stories over and over in their own words One of the most charming examples of a wordless book is Jan Omerod’sSunshine Barbara Berger’s Grandfather Twilight and David Weisner’s Tuesday are examples of books containing only a few words U.S publishers have also drawn on illustrators from other countries whose original, imaginative works have brought their different visions to American children’s books Among them are Leo Lionni from Italy, Feodor Rojankovsky from Russia, and Taro Yashimi from Japan ( Source: “ The Complete Guide to the TOEFL Test” – Bruce Rogers) Question 34 When did illustrations become important in books for children? A In late 19th century B In 1937 C Only recently D In 1957 Question 35 The word “they” in the first paragraph refers to A the earliest books for children B illustrations C the Caldecott “toy books” D lines of text Question 36 The phrase “the best” in paragraph refers to the best A picture books B illustrations C authors D words Question 37 According to the passage, pictures help make children’s books _ A sell better B unforgettable C more successful D more original Question 38 According to the passage, when was the world of children’s literature changed? A Before Seuss’s first children’s book hit the market B Before Seuss’s made playful drawings C After Seuss’s first children’s book hit the market D After Seuss’s book became Random House’s best-seller Question 39 “Sunshine” is given in the passage as an example of a book that _ A is very charming B is only for children C contains only pictures D contains only a few words Question 40 The phrase “Another example” in the passage refers to an example of A a husband-and-wife team B a delightful book C an author-artist team D a book like King Bidgood’s in the Bathtub Question 41 The word “original” in the last paragraph is closest in meaning to _ A in the first place B of the first source C imaginary and beautiful D new and creative Question 42 Leo Lionni, Feodor Rojankovsky, and Taro Yashimi are mentioned in the passage to show that A there are talented authors in different countries B U.S publishers attract good artists from other countries C illustrators from other countries want to work for U.S publishers D illustrators from other countries have different visions to U.S publishers Question 43 What is the main idea of the reading passage? A Dr Seuss was one of the most successful illustrator-authors B Husband-and-wife teams can become successful in producing books C Only wordless and nearly wordless picture books have become popular D Pictures are very important in books for children Read the following passage, and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks from 44 to 53 Any change in one part of an ecosystem can cause changes in other parts Droughts, storms and fires can change ecosystems Some changes _44 _ ecosystems If there is too _45 _ rainfall, plants will not have enough water to live If a kind of plant dies off, the animals that _46 _ it may also die or move away Some changes are good for ecosystems Some pine forests need _47 _ for the pine trees to reproduce The seeds are sealed inside pinecones Heat from a forest fire melts the seal and lets the seeds _48 _ Polluting the air, soil, and water can harm ecosystems Building _49 _ on rivers for electric power and irr igation can harm ecosystems _50 _ the rivers Bulldozing wetlands and cutting down _51 _ destroy ecosystems Ecologists are working with companies and governments to find better ways of _52 _ fish, cutting down trees, and building dams T hey are looking for ways to get food, lumber, and other products for people _53 _ causing harm to ecosystems Question 44 A harms B harmful C harmless D harm Question 45 A little B a little C few D a few Question 46 A fed B feed C feed on D food Question 47 A flame B fires C blaze D burning Question 48 A out B in C go D fly Question 49 A moats B ditches C bridges D dams Question 50 A on B around C over D under Question 51 A hills B jungles C forests D woods Question 52 A catching B holding C carrying D taking Question 53 A avoid B without C not D no Choose the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to the sentence given in each of the following questions Question 54 Alice eats very little because she doesn’t want to put on weight A Because Alice doesn’t want to get fat, she eats quite a lot B Alice wants to put on weight, so she doesn’t eat anything C Alice eats very little, but she doesn’t lose weight D Alice eats very little so as not to gain weight Question 55 The heavy rain made it impossible for us to have our picnic A In spite of the heavy rain, we were able to have a picnic B We were prevented from having our picnic by the heavy rain C We could have our picnic even though it rained heavily D The heavy rain didn’t prevent us from having our picnic Question 56 He last had his eyes tested ten months ago A He had tested his eyes ten months before B He had not tested his eyes for ten months then C He hasn’t had his eyes tested for ten months D He didn’t have any test on his eyes in ten months Question 57 Peter didn’t arrive in time to see her A Peter was so late that I can’t see her B Peter wasn’t too early to see her C Peter wasn’t early enough to see her D Peter wasn’t enough early to see her Question 58 The sooner we solve this problem, the better it will be for all concerned A If all concerned are better, we can solve this problem soon B It would be better for all concerned if we can solve this problem soon C If we could solve this problem soon, it would be better for all concerned D If we can solve this problem soon, it will be better for all concerned Question 59 She said, “John, I’ll show you round my city when you’re here.” A She made a trip round her city with John B She promised to show John round her city C She planned to show John round her city D She organized a trip round her city for John Question 60 There’s no point in persuading Jane to change her mind A No one wants Jane to change her mind because it’s pointless B It’s possible for us to persuade Jane to change her mind C Jane will change her mind though she doesn’t want to D It’s useless to persuade Jane to change her mind Question 61 Mr Black: “What a lovely house you have!” - Mr John: “ .” A No problem B Thank you Hope you will drop in C Of course not, it’s not costly D I think so Question 62 John: “Do you feel like going to the cinema this evening?” - Mary: “ .” A I don’t agree, I’m afraid B That would be great C You’re welcome D I feel very bored Question 63 Customer: “Can I have a look at that pullover, please?” - Salesgirl: “ ” A It's much cheaper B Which one? This one? C Sorry, it is out of stock D Can I help you? Question 64: I didn't understand what he was saying because I hadn't read his book A If I had read his book, I would have understood what be was saying B I wouldn’t have understood what he was saying if I hadn’t read his book C It was had to understand his book so I didn’t understand what he was saying D I couldn’t understand his book because I didn’t read it II WRITING SENTENCE BUILDING: 1.The rail workers not intend to call off their strike  The rail workers have no Mrs Scott is proud of her cooking Mrs Scott prides It was the goalkeeper who saved the match for us  If it hadn’t It wasn’t a bit surprised to hear that Karen had changed her job It came You can try to get Tim to lend you his car but you won’t succeed  There’s no point …………………………………………………………………………………………… TOPIC Write a paragraph (about 140 words) about the international organization you would like to work for and why THE END Lời giải chi tiết TEST 36 Đáp án C Từ historic có phần gạch chân phát âm /h/, từ lại h không phát âm ( âm câm) Đáp án C Từ historic có phần gạch chân phát âm /ə/, từ lại có phần gạch chân phát âm /ʌ/ Đáp án D Từ parents có phần gạch chân phát âm /s/, từ lại có phần gạch chân phát âm /z/ Đáp án D Từ photography có trọng âm rơi âm tiết thứ nhất, từ lại nhấn âm thứ ba Đáp án D Từ mausoleum có trọng âm rơi âm tiết thứ ba, từ lại nhấn âm thứ hai Đáp án A so far: dấu hiệu hiên hoàn thành Cấu trúc “ … đến nối mà….”: … so + adj/ adv + that clause; : such + (a/an ) + adj + N + that+ clause Đáp án A Cấu trúc gợi ý, khuyên bảo: It is imperative that + S+ V( bare-inf) Điều quan trọng … Các cấu trúc mục đích: In order (not) + to V; so as (not) + to V; (not) + to V; so that + clause Dựa cấu trúc ý nghĩa => chọn đáp án C 10 Cấu trúc so sánh gấp bội: twice / three times … + as + adj/adv + as + … 11 Đáp án B must have done: diễn tả hành động chắn xảy khứ, có sở Dị ch: Tony không học hành chăm cho kiểm tra Câu trả l ời chép từ người khác Các đáp án lại: Should have done: điễn tả hành động, nên làm khứ Can have done: diễn tả hành động việc xảy khứ Would have done: diễn tả hành động việc xảy ra, sau thời điểm nói khứ 12 Đáp án C Cấu trúc đảo ngữ với trạng từ nơi chốn đứng đầu câu: Adverb + V + S 13 Đáp án D that: dùng để thay cho danh từ người vật, nối liên từ “and” 14 Đáp án B Cấu trúc “thích… hơn…”: would prefer + to V + rather than + V/V -ing 15 Đáp án B Câu hỏi vị trí tính từ 16 Đáp án D Ta thấy có “ by air pollution” => câu bị động tiếp diễn => Be + being + V-ed/cột 17 Chỗ cần điền tính từ, trước danh từ sau mạo từ “a” => đáp án C 18 Đáp án D Sau động từ => ta chọn trạng từ cách thức cho vị trí 19 Đáo án D appreciation: đề cao apportionment :sự chia phần 20 Đáp án A company: Sự đi; ở; có bầu có bạn Các từ lại: relation: liên lạc, relationship: mối quan hệ; companion: người bạn 21 Đáp án A accompany: kèm, hộ tống Các từ lại: follow: theo sau; involve: gồm; associate: kết giao, kết hợp 22 Đáp án A spectator: cổ động viên ( thể thao ) Các từ lại: audience: khán giả ( xem kịch, chương trình ca nhạc ); onlooker = viewer: người xem ( T.V, ); 23 Đáp án B come in handy: đến lúc, đến vào lúc cần thiết 24 rather than: là… => Dựa vào nghĩa chọn D instead of: thay Các đáp án khác: restricted: hạn chế; as well as: ; unless: không 25C từ có nghĩa tuyệt vời 26C cụm từ có nghĩa đến, xuất hiện, có mặt 27B cum từ có nghĩa nuôi con, nuôi lớn 28D cụm từ có nghĩa hiểu được, hợp lý, có lý 29 Đáp án D used to stay => used to staying 30 Đáp án A All of => Of all 31 Đáp án D is it => it is 32 Đáp án B wear => ( have ) worn 33 Đáp án C where => which 34 Đáp án A Dựa vào đoạn thứ 35 Đáp án B they = illustrations: tranh minh họa 36 Đáp án A Dựa vào ý trước đó: Since then, thousands of successful picture books have been published in the United States and around the world 37 Đáp án C Dựa vào đoạn 2: thousands of successful picture books … In the best, the words and illustrations seem to complement each other perfectly Often a single person, is responsible for both writing and illustrating the book One of the greatest, and certainly one of the most successful 38 Đáp án C Ý bài: His first children’s book, And to Think That I Saw It on Mulberry Street, hit the market in 1937, and the world of children’s literature was changed forever 39 Đáp án C Ý bài: One of the most charming examples of a wordless book is Jan Omerod’sSunshine 40 Đáp án C Dựa vào hai ý trước đó: Some books are produced by a collaborative authorartist team Author Margaret Wise Brown combined with illustrator Clement Hurd to produce two delightful books loved by very young children, Goodnight Moon and The Runaway Bunny 41 Đáp án D original = new and creative: sáng tạo 42 Đáp án B Đọc đoạn cuối, suy luận đáp án 43 Đáp án D Cả đề cập đến “illustrations – tranh minh họa” tầm ảnh hưởng đến sách dành cho trẻ em 44 Đáp án D Câu thiếu động từ cho chủ ngữ số nhiều “Some changes” harm (v): làm hai Harmful(adj): có hại; harmless (adj): vô hại 45 rainfall: danh từ không đếm => Đáp án A too little: 46 Đáp án C Câu thiếu động từ mệnh đề quan hệ “that ….” feed on something: ăn … 47 Đáp án B collocation: fires: vụ cháy ( rừng ) Các từ lại: flame: lửa; blaza: lửa; burning: cháy 48 Đáp án A let something out: để lộ 49 Đáp án D dam: đập ( ngăn nước ) Các từ lại: bridge: cầu; moat: hào ( xung quanh thành trì… ); ditch: rãnh, mương 50 Đáp án B around the river: quanh khu vực song 51 Đáp án C cut down forests: chặt rừng Các từ lại: hill: đồi; jungle: khu đất hoang mọc đầy bụi rậm; wood: gỗ 52 Đáp án A ctach fish: bắt cá Các từ lại: hold: giữ, nắm; carry: mang; take: đưa… 53 Đáp án B without + N/V-ing: với không … 54 Câu cho: Alice ăn cô không muốn tăng cân => Đáp án D Cấu trúc mục đích: so as (not) + to V: để ( không ) làm gì… Dịch: Alice ăn để không bị tăng cân 55 Cấu trúc: make it + adj (+for someone) + to V: khiến … Nghĩa câu cho: Trời mưa to khiến dã ngoại => Đáp án B.Cấu trúc prevent someon from doing something: ngăn cản làm Câu câu bị động : Chúng bị ngăn cản dã ngoại trời mưa to 56 Câu cho: Lần cuối kiểm tra mắt mười tháng trước => Đáp án C Anh ta không kiểm tra mắt 10 tháng 57 In time: Nghĩa câu cho: Peter không đến để gặp cô =>Đáp án C adj + enough: đủ… Dịch: Peter không đến đủ sớm để gặp cô 58 Cấu trúc so sánh tăng tiến “ … ….”: the + comparison + S+ V, the + comparison + S+ V Nghĩa câu cho Chúng ta giải vấn đề sớm, tốt cho tất thứ liên quan => Đáp án D Câu điều kiện loại I, diễn tả hành động mang tính dự đoán, xảy tương lai: Nếu giải vấn đề sớm, tốt cho thứ liên quan 59 John, I’ll show you round my city when you’re here – John Nếu bạn đây,mình cho bạn xem toàn thành phố => thể lời hứa => Đáp án B promise to something: hứa làm 60 Cấu trúc: no point in V-ing: không ích làm Đáp án D useless: vô ích Cấu trúc: It + be+ adj + to V 61 What a lovely house you have! – Nhà bạn thật đẹp! => Lời khen Đáp án B Cám ơn bạn Hy vọng bạn ghé qua chơi Các đáp án khác: A Không đâu C.Dĩ nhiên không Nó không đắt D Tôi nghĩ 62 Do you feel like going to the cinema this evening?- Tối bạn muốn em phim không? Đáp án B Thật tuyệt -> đồng tình Các đáp án khác: A Tôi không đồng ý Tôi e ngại C You’re welcome - dùng để đáp lại lời cảm ơn D Tôi cảm thấy buồn chán 63 Can I have a look at that pullover, please? – Làm ơn cho xem áo len chui đầu kia? => Đáp án B Cái nào? Cái à? Các đáp án khác không hợp ngữ cảnh: A Nó rẻ nhiều C Xin lỗi Nó sẵn D Tôi giúp cho chị? Phần viết? 64 A (câu điều loại 3) II WRITING SENTENCE BUILDING: 1.The rail workers not intend to call off their strike  The rail workers have no intention of calling off their strike Mrs Scott is proud of her cooking Mrs Scott pridesherself on her cooking/on being a good cook It was the goalkeeper who saved the match for us  If it hadn’t been for the goalkeeper we could/would have lost the match It wasn’t a bit surprised to hear that Karen had changed her job It came as no surprise (to me) (to hear) that Karen had changed her job You can try to get Tim to lend you his car but you won’t succeed  There’s no point in) (you/your) trying to get Tim to lend you his car/to borrow Tim’s car Sample TOPIC Dựa câu hỏi gợi ý sau để viết bài: What is the international organization you would like to work for? Why would you like to work there? What will you to apply for this opposition? If I were offered a job with one of the international organizations, I would choose WHO I'd like to work for this organization for a number of reasons First, I have an opportunity to reduce sufferings for the sick and the victims of epidemics with my colleagues and companions We will save the lives of many people by taking part in many voluntary activities and doing charity work Second, if I work for WHO, I will travel all over the world, use English at work and meet different people Therefore, I will have more experiences and knowledge, as well as an exciting and meaningful life Third, I contribute to improve the international health care, especially in poor countries like mine If the health care conditions are improved, the people will live longer and happier ... Cấu trúc “ … đến nối mà….”: … so + adj/ adv + that clause; : such + (a/an ) + adj + N + that+ clause Đáp án A Cấu trúc gợi ý, khuyên bảo: It is imperative that + S+ V( bare-inf) Điều quan trọng... order (not) + to V; so as (not) + to V; (not) + to V; so that + clause Dựa cấu trúc ý nghĩa => chọn đáp án C 10 Cấu trúc so sánh gấp bội: twice / three times … + as + adj/adv + as + … 11 Đáp... sớm để gặp cô 58 Cấu trúc so sánh tăng tiến “ … ….”: the + comparison + S+ V, the + comparison + S+ V Nghĩa câu cho Chúng ta giải vấn đề sớm, tốt cho tất thứ liên quan => Đáp án D Câu điều kiện
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