Đề thi tiếng anh đề TEST 17 KEY

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TEST 17 KEY Thi thử Kỳ thi THPT Quốc gia Tháng 5/2015 Mark the letter A, B, C or D to show the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions 1.The streets are crowded with a population who has no interest in learning A: who B: are C: no interest D: with Sửa: who => which /that (population: dân số, không dùng với who) 2.A basket of apples and oranges are going to be given to John on his birthday A: of apples and oranges B: are C: be given D: on Sửa: are => is (chủ ngữ câu A basket nên vị ngữ phải số ít; apples oranges từ kèm danh từ chính) 3.The crowd passed forward, broke the line of police A: police B: forward C: broke D: The Sửa: broke => breaking (đây V_ing dùng để nối với hành động có chủ ngữ dạng chủ động lược bỏ chủ ngữ dùng cấu trúc V-ing) We will start our trip this weekend no matter how kind of weather we have A: this B: how C: will start D: we have Sửa: how => what Ta có cấu trúc: No matter how + adj/adv No matter what + N/ NP (cụm danh từ) Carnegie Hall was the first building in New York designed special for orchestral music A: special B: the first C: designed D: orchestral music Sửa: special => specially (sau động từ thường design dùng trạng từ bổ sung cho động từ đó) Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the correct answer for each of the blanks Owning a pet The joys and tribulations of being a pet owner! During our lifetime most of us have some experience of either owning a pet or being in (1) _ contact with someone who does Is there such a thing as “the ideal pet?” If so, what characterises the ideal pet? Various (2) _ influence one’s choice of pet, from your reasons for getting a pet to your lifestyle For example, although quite a few pets are relatively cheap to buy, the cost of (3) _ can be considerable Everything must be (4) _ into account, from food and bedding, to vaccinations and veterinary bills You must be prepared to (5) _ time on your pet, which involves shopping for it, cleaning and feeling it Pets can be demanding and a big responsibility Are you prepared to exercise and (6) _ an animal or you prefer a more independent pet? How much spare room you have? Is it right to lock an energetic animal into a (7) _ space? Do you live near a busy road which may threaten the life of your pet? Pets (8) _ as turtles and goldfish can be cheap and convenient, but if you prefer affectionate pets, a friendly cat or dog would be more (9) _ People get pets for a number of reasons, for company, security or to teach responsibility to children Pets can be an affectionate and loyal and excellent source of company as long as you know what pet (10) _ you and your lifestyle A: close B: near C: tight D: narrow Ta có cụm từ cố định: in close contact with smb/smt: có mối liên hệ thân thiết với ai/ với A: facets B: factors C: points D: elements Đáp án : factors: nhân tố ảnh hưởng đến người, vật, việc Phương án sai: facets: mặt (của vật) Phương án sai: elements: nhân tố cấu tạo nên vật Phương án sai : points: điểm Ý : Lê Luận “Various A: upkeep factors influence one’s B: choice upbringing of pet” nghĩa “rất C: nhiều maintenance nhân tố ảnh hưởng đến D: việc raising lựa chọn vật nuôi Đáp án : người” upkeep (n) of smb/smt: chi phí khoản cần thiết để nuôi nấng đứa trẻ vật, hiểu việc nuôi vật nuôi Phương án sai: maintenance (n): trì, bảo dưỡng (máy móc, xe cộ) Phương án sai : upbringing (n): nuôi dạy (con cái) Phương án sai : raising (n): nuôi nấng, chăm sóc đứa trẻ vật bé Nghĩa từ upkeep phù hợp bao quát từ raising A: considering B: held C: taken Ta có cấu trúc cố định: take smt into account: xem xét điều D: kept 10 A: take B: occupy C: waste D: spend Cấu trúc: spend time on smb/smt: dành thời gian vào ai/cái Cấu trúc: waste time on smb/smt: lãng phí thời gian vào ai/ Ý bài: Bạn phải chuẩn bị để dành thời gian cho vật nuôi bạn, bao gồm mua sắm đồ, tắm rửa vuốt ve 11 A: housework B: housetrain Đáp án : housetrain (v): huấn luyện vật nuôi Phương án sai: housekeep (v): giữ nhà C: housekeep D: household Phương án sai: household (n): hộ gia đình Phương án sai: housework (n): tập nhà 12 A: confined B: reduced C: detained D: closed Đáp án : confined (passive): bị giam hãm, kìm hãm, hạn hẹp Phương án sai: detained: bị giữ lại Phương án sai: reduced: bị giảm Phương án sai: closed: bị đóng Ý bài: Việc nhốt vật nhanh nhẹn vào không gian tù túng, hạn hẹp liệu có không? 13 A: so B: much C: for D: such Cụm từ: such as: (có tính liệt kê) 14 A: good B: appropriate C: likely D: suited Đáp án : appropriate (adj): phù hợp (trong hoàn cảnh cụ thể) Phương án sai: suited (adj) (to/for smb/smt): phù hợp ai, việc Phương án sai: likely (adj): (chỉ khả việc xảy ra) Phương án sai: good (adj): tốt đẹp (không với more) 15 A: matches B: suits C: goes with D: fits Đáp án : suit smb/smt: phù hợp với ai/ Phương án sai: fit smb/smt: vừa (về kích cỡ) Phương án sai: match with smb/smt: hợp với (về kiểu dáng, màu sắc kết hợp hài hòa với nhau) Phương án sai: go with smb/smt: nghĩa giống match with smb/ smt Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the correct answer for each of the question As more and more countries around the globe move toward in an attempt to compete in the global market, an environmental crisis over deforestation – the cutting down, burning, and general damaging of forests – is looming for mankind Over the last several decades, environmental specialists have proposed various strategies aimed at slowing down this process of deforestation in developing countries Many of these proposals are indeed valuable ideas in that they are realistic attempts to address some of the causes of deforestation, such as farming, cattle ranching, and commercial logging All of them rely on government involvement of some kind There are three board categories of solutions: state economic policies, internal agreements, and international programs (A) Economic policies generally attempt to limit the activity of small farmers through government actions (B) Government actions can include the clear and proper definition and enforcement of property rights, meaning that squatting, or illegally settling on land, would be more difficult (C) Subsidies can be used to Lê Luận encourage conservation That is, money may be paid to supplement the income of those farmers who make an effort to reduce the usual amount of damage to the forest that their farms cause In addition, taxes can act as a deterrent to undesirable land use (D) For example, certain kinds of agriculture, like the slash-and-burn method, as well as cattle ranching, may be taxed to discourage these activities An internal agreement may be made between governments and indigenous or native people living in the moist rainforests and open woodlands of the tropics, where the vast majority of this deforestation is occurring Such an agreement would allow people to carry on traditional activities adapted for some economic benefit One example is the rubber tappers in Brazil These native people draw sap from rubber trees in the rainforest, without damaging or killing the trees The sap, in turn, is sold to rubber companies, thereby providing the native people with economic benefits Finally, international agreements usually involve the exchange of monetary aid in return for goverment action to protect its forests One such plan seeks to help pay a nation’s debt in exchange for restrictions on certain kinds of activities in rainforests This is appealing for a poor country such as Brazil, which has an international debt of $160 billion Instead of selling logging concessions to pay down that obligation , the government receives money for banning or restricting logging in its forests There is also the proposal of a global fund created in order to grant money to countries that choose to protect their environments While all of these ideas could possibly work, it remains to be seen whether there will be any real progress in rainforest conservation It is clear that something must be done to protect the forests of the world If the current rate of deforestation continues, the world’s rainforests will vanish within 100 years, causing numerous adverse effects on global climate and eliminating the majority of plant and animal species on the planet Deforestation significantly increases the amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) released into the atmosphere each year, which in turn cause an increase in global temperatures Also, scientists speculate that the tropical rainforests, though covering only seven percent of the Earth’s dry surface, contain more than half of the million to 80 million species of plants and animals that comprise the “biodiversity” of the planet The loss of species resulting from radical climate change will have a drastic effect The Earth is losing species every day that could potentially prevent cancer or lead to a cure for AIDS In addition, other organisms are losing species they depend upon, and thus face extinction themselves Unless some form of concrete solution for deforestation is enacted quickly, the survival of all creatures living on Earth could be in jeopardy 16.According to paragraphs and 4, what is the main difference between an internal agreement and an international agreement? Chọn câu trả lời đúng: A: International agreements are more effective than internal agrements B: Internal agreements benefit governments; international agreements benefit indigenous groups C: An international agreement is between countries; an internal agreement is between a government and its people D: Internal agreements are more effective than international ones Ý câu hỏi: Theo đoạn 4, khác biệt thỏa thuận nội thỏa thuận quốc tế gì? Thông tin đoạn 3, câu: “An internal agreement may be made between governments and indigenous… international agreements usually involve the exchange of monetary aid in return for goverment action to protect its forests There is also the proposal of a global fund created in order to grant money to countries that choose to protect their environments”(Một thỏa thuận nội thực phủ người địa….Thỏa thuận quốc tế thường liên quan đến việc trao đổi tiền tệ viện trợ lại cho hành động phủ để bảo vệ rừng Ngoài có đề nghị quỹ toàn cầu tạo để cấp tiền cho nước tự họ chọn để bảo vệ môi trường họ) 17.The word “obligation” in paragraph could best replaced by: Lê Luận A: relationship C: promise B: guarantee D: debt Để đoán nghĩa từ “obligation” ngữ cảnh ta phải dựa vào từ xung quanh Trong câu: “a poor country such as Brazil, which has an international debt of $160 billion Instead of selling logging concessions to pay down that obligation” (một nước nghèo Brazil với khoản nợ quốc tế 160 tỷ đô la Thay bán nhượng khai thác gỗ để toán khoản nợ đó) 18 In paragraph 1, what does the word “them” refer to? A: developing countries B: decades C: the causes of deforestation D: proposals Many of these proposals are indeed valuable ideas in that they are realistic attempts to address some of the causes of deforestation, such as farming, cattle ranching, and commercial logging All of them rely on government involvement of some kind (Nhiều lời đề xuất thực tế ý tưởng có giá trị, chúng nỗ lực thực thực tế để giải vài nguyên nhân gây nạn phá rừng canh tác, chăn nuôi gia súc khai thác gỗ Tất đề xuất trông cậy vào tham gia phủ mặt đó.) 19 Look at the four letters A, B, C and D that indicate where the following sentence could be added to paragraph 2: Deforestation by a peasant farmer is often done to raise crops for subsistence and is driven by the basic human need for food Where would the sentence best fit? Choose the letter where the sentence should be added to the passage A: add to (D B: add to (B) C: add to (A) D: add to ( C) Câu cần điền ám nguyên nhân người nông dân phá rừng lấy đất trồng trọt phục vụ cho nhu cầu lương thực Câu sau (A) nhắc đến sách phủ nhằm hạn chế hoạt động nông dân Do điền câu thêm vào hợp logic 20 Why does the author mention “rubber-tappers” in paragraph 3? A: To provide an example of a state economic policy B: To provide an example of why Brazil is a poor nation C: To provide an example of an internal agreement D: To provide and example of an international agreement Thông tin nằm câu: Such an agreement would allow people to carry on traditional activities adapted for some economic benefit One example is the rubber tappers in Brazil (Một thỏa thuận cho phép người thực hoạt động truyền thống mà thích nghi với số lợi ích kinh tế Một ví dụ việc cạo mủ cao su Brazil.) 21 According to the passage, what are the major adverse effects of deforestation? A: Loss of plant and animal species and an increase in global debt B: Warmer weather and an increase in biodiversity C: An increase in global debt and human diseases D: An increase in carbon dioxide and decrease in biodiversity Thông tin nằm đoạn: “Deforestation significantly increases the amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) released into the atmosphere each year Also, scientists speculate that the tropical rainforests contain more than half of the million to 80 million species of plants and animals that comprise the “biodiversity” of the planet The Earth is losing species every day that could potentially prevent cancer or lead to a cure for AIDS In addition, other organisms are losing species they depend upon, and thus face extionction themselves” (Nạn phá rừng làm tăng đáng kể lượng carbon dioxide (CO2) thải vào khí năm Ngoài ra, nhà khoa học suy đoán rừng mưa nhiệt đới chứa nhiều nửa số triệu đến 80 triệu loài động thực vật mà bao gồm "đa dạng sinh học" hành tinh Trái đất dần loài ngày mà ngăn ung thư dẫn đến phương pháp chữa bệnh AIDS Ngoài ra, sinh vật khác loài mà chúng phụ thuộc, phải đối mặt với tuyệt chủng mình) Lê Luận 22 Which of the following sentences best expresses the essential information of the underlined sentences “Over the last several decades, environmental specialists have proposed various strategies aimed at slowing down this process of deforestation in developing countries.”? Incorrect choices change the meaning in important ways or leave out essential information A: In recent decades, several methods for countering deforestation in poor countries have been suggested by experts on the environment B: Environmental scientists, in recent years have suggested that deforestation slows down the process of development in various countries C: Experts on the environment have been concerned about the impact of deforestation on the Earth’s biodiversity in recent decades D: In coming decades, environmental scientists will suggest several strategies for stopping deforestation in third-word countries Nghĩa câu gạch chân là: “Trong vài thập kỷ qua, chuyên gia môi trường đề xuất nhiều chiến lược nhằm làm giảm trình phá rừng nước phát triển.” Nghĩa đáp án là: “Các chuyên gia môi trường quan tâm đến ảnh hưởng phá rừng lên đa dạng sinh học trái đất thập kỷ gần đây” Câu ám câu gạch chân nhà môi trường quan tâm nên đề xuất chiến lược giảm phá rừng Đây thông tin thiết yếu ám câu Phương án (In recent decades, several methods for countering deforestation in poor countries have been suggested by experts on the environment.) gần giống câu gạch chân có từ “several” (một vài) khác với “various” (nhiều) nên chọn làm thay đổi nội dung câu Phương án lại thông tin khác hẳn nên không 23 From the passage, it can be inferred that: A: deforestation is not a very serious problem B: state economic policies are more effective than international agreements C: the three types of solutions mentioned will save the rainforests D: indigenous peoples in the tropics depend on forestry to make money Thông tin nằm đoạn: “An internal agreement may be made between governments and indigenous or native people living in the moist rainforests and open woodlands of the tropics, where the vast majority of this deforestation is occurring Such an agreement would allow people to carry on traditional activities adapted for some economic benefit.” (Một thỏa thuận nội thực phủ người dân địa người dân địa sống khu rừng nhiệt đới ẩm rừng mở vùng nhiệt đới, nơi mà phần lớn nạn phá rừng xảy Một thỏa thuận cho phép người thực hoạt động truyền thống thích nghi với số lợi ích kinh tế”) 24 The word “deterrent” in paragraph is closest in meaning to: A: penalty B: incentive C: discourage D: fine Có đoán nghĩa từ “deterrent” thông qua từ taxes (thuế) Nội dung câu “dùng thuế cách để hạn chế việc dụng đất sai mục đích” Từ fine: phạt tiền, phù hợp hoàn cảnh 25 The word “this” in paragraph refers to: A: an international agreement C: a poor country B: an obligation D: a nation’s debt Thông tin đoạn: “One such plan seeks to help pay a nation’s debt in exchange for restrictions on certain kinds of activities in rainforests This is appealing for a poor country such as Brazil” (Một kế hoạch nhằm giúp trả nợ số quốc gia việc trao đổi nhằm hạn chế số hoạt động rừng nhiệt đới Hành động hấp dẫn nước nghèo Brazil") Cụm “a nation’s debt” nhắc đến trước từ “this” Choose the best answer among A, B, C or D that best completes each sentence Lê Luận 26 – “Would you like another coffee?” – “ _” A: Willingly C: It’s a pleasure B: Very kind of your part D: You’re welcome Với câu mời “Would you like another coffee?” (Bạn có muốn cốc cà phê không?) câu trả lời thường “It’s a pleasure” (Rất sẵn lòng) 27 Being a freelance writer gives me freedom to _ my own interest A: pursue B: seek C: catch D: chase Cấu trúc: to pursue smb’s interest: theo đuổi sở thích Nghĩa câu: Công việc nhà văn tự cho tự để theo đuổi sở thích 28 I thought that your _ of that problem was excellent A: handling B: running C: approach D: conduct Đáp án : handling: (N): cách giải (1 vấn đề) Phương án sai: conduct (n): tổ chức Phương án sai: running (n): điều hành, vận hành (công việc, máy móc) Phương án sai: approach (to st) (n): cách thức tiếp cận Nghĩa câu: Tôi nghĩ cách giải vấn đề bạn xuất sắc 29 When taken _ excessive amounts, aspirin can be poisonous A: of B: with C: at Đáp án: take in smt: đưa vào, uống vào Phương án of, at : nghĩa Phương án with sai: take smt with smb: mang theo Nghĩa câu: Khi bị uống liều, thuốc aspirin gây độc D: in 30 He tripped on the stairs and could not _ falling A: stop B: resist C: avoid D: prevent Đáp án: avoid smt/ V_ing: tránh làm việc Phương án sai: resist smt/V-ing: chống lại Phương án sai: prevent smb from V_ing smt: ngăn chặn làm điều Phương án sai: stop V_ing: dừng làm Nghĩa câu: Anh trượt cầu thang tránh việc bị ngã 31 Hotel rooms must be _ by 10 a.m, but luggage may be left with the porter A: abandoned B: evacuated C: vacated D: left Đáp án: vacate smt: trả (phòng khách sạn) Phương án sai: evacuate: sơ tán Phương án sai: abandone smt: từ bỏ, rời bỏ nơi Phương án sai: leave: rời Nghĩa câu: Các phòng khách sạn phải trả trước 10 sáng, hành lý để chỗ người khuân vác 32 _ the rainfall was adequate this year, the crops did not produce a high yield A: Since B: Although C: Due to D: However Mệnh đề trạng ngữ đối lập: Although S-V, S-V Phương án sai Since: Phương án sai However: nhiên, trạng từ đứng đầu mệnh đề, sau dấu phẩy Phương án sai Due to + N/V-ing: Nghĩa câu: Mặc dù, năm lượng mưa đủ vụ mùa không đạt suất cao 33 I’m tired, _, I only had hours sleep last night! A: let me see B: right C: mind you D: listen “mind you” câu trả lời phù hợp nhất, dùng để đưa lời giải thích phía sau câu với nghĩa than phiền Nghĩa câu: Tôi mệt đêm qua ngủ có tiếng 34 Which of the following does not need ‘the’? Lê Luận A: My favorite sea is the Mediterranean C: He’s sailing up the Nile for his holidays B: I’d love to visit the America D: Have you ever been to the Bahamas? Mạo từ "the" cần thiết mạo từ xác định "the" đứng trước tên vùng/ khu vực tiếng mặt địa lý lịch sử ví dụ: The Sahara/ The Siberia Phương án (He’s sailing up the Nile for his holidays.) : Sông Nile nơi tiếng mặt địa lý nên "the" cần thiết Phương án lại "the" hiểu phương án (He’s sailing up the Nile for his holidays.) , mạo từ "the" cần thiết Phương án (I’d love to visit the America.) : Dùng "the" trước tên quốc gia có từ hai từ trở lên ví dụ The United States, The United Kingdom Không dùng "the" trước tên nước America hay từ phương hướng New Zealand, South Africa 35 Professor Alan insisted that every student _ their report by Friday A: had finished B: finishes C: finish D: finished Thức giả định: sau số tính từ (important, essential,…) hay động từ (insist, suggest, …) + mệnh đề (S + V_inf) 36 He felt he'd really let his team _ when he missed the penalty A: down B: off C: out D: in Đáp án : let smb down: làm thất vọng Phương án sai: let smb out: thả Phương án sai: let smb in: cho vào nơi Phương án sai: let smb off: tha cho mà không phạt hay xử tội Nghĩa câu: Anh cảm thấy thực làm đội thất vọng bỏ lỡ phạt đền 37 Nam _ a good chance of winning the competition A: stood B: gained C: possessed D: took Ở có stand (stood) với chance cấu trúc “stand a (good) chance of” (có hội) Các từ khác không kết hợp Nghĩa câu: Nam có ưu giành chiến thắng 38 It’s very _ of you to offer me your seat, but really I’m quite happy to stand A: appreciative B: grateful C: considerate D: sympathetic Đáp án : considerate (adj): ân cần, chu đáo, hay quan tâm đến người khác Phương án sai: sympathetic (adj): đồng cảm, cảm thông Phương án sai: grateful (adj): biết ơn Phương án sai: appreciative (adj): đánh giá cao Nghĩa câu: Bạn thật chu đáo nhường ghế ngồi cho tôi, thực thích đứng 39 Mary couldn’t attend the meeting as the date _ with her holidays A: clashed B: occurred C: opposed D: struck Đáp án : clash with smt: trùng với kiện khác Phương án sai: strike (struck) smb: đánh, công Phương án sai: oppose smt: phản đối Phương án sai: occur (in, on, at, etc, not with): xảy Nghĩa câu: Mary dự buổi họp ngày họp trùng với kì nghỉ cô 40 It can be difficult to teach children because of their short attention _ A: span B: limit C: duration Đáp án : attention span: độ tập trung, khoảng thời gian tập trung Nghĩa câu: Rất khó để dạy trẻ độ tập trung chúng D: time Lê Luận 41 _seasonal rainfall is winds that blow in an opposite direction in winter than in summer A: What causes B: That cause C: Causing D: To cause What (= the thing(s) that ): Chủ ngữ mệnh đề Sau what thường có mệnh đề phụ bổ sung cho Ví dụ: What I want now is time What worries me is the exam results Nghĩa câu: Điều gây trận mưa theo mùa gió thổi theo hướng ngược lại vào mùa đông thay mùa hè 42 The minister has _ new proposals for discussion with the union A: set down B: worked in C: made out D: drawn up Đáp án : draw up smt: chuẩn bị trước Phương án sai: make out smt: tuyên bố (thường sai) điều Phương án sai: set down smt: viết xuống, ghi chép lại Phương án sai: work in somewhere: làm việc đâu Nghĩa câu: Bộ trưởng chuẩn bị trước đề xuất để thảo luận với ủy ban 43 D.W.Griffith pioneered many of the stylistic features and filmmaking techniques _ as the Hollywood standard A: that became established C: what established B: that establish D: what became established 44 “Write to me when you get home.” - “ _” A: I will B: I must C: I should D: I can Đáp án : “I will” cấu trúc rút gọn thay cho câu I will write to you để tránh lặp từ Ở câu trả lời cần hành động tương lai nên dùng must, should hay can Nghĩa câu: “Hãy viết cho bạn đến nhà nhé.” - “Mình (viết)” Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the correct answer for each of the question A thirst for knowledge Humans have always risen to any challenge, and unlike most species on this planet we have an insatiable desire to see what is around the next corner and the next and the next Primitive man may well have migrated at first for reasons of survival, as did other species, but at some point this must have developed into a thirst for adventure and a hunger to discover more about his surroundings This itch of curiosity has led to great feats of exploration Our achievements are enormous – think of Everest, the North and South Pole, the Amazon, the Sahara and even the Moon Next on the list could be Mars, and that’s corner we’re already peeping round How many other corners are waiting for us, how many more places will humans manage to explore? Are the possibilities endless or will our physical limitations prevent us one day from going any further? Exploration of our own planet seeming to have been more or less exhausted, our focus over the last decades has turned to space travel However, a problem is posed here as any extended period of time in space is physically debilitating Astronauts who remain in weightless conditions for months on end suffer serious loss of none mass; a factor which limits the length of time an individual can remain in good shape in a non-gravitational environment Now to travel to any planets beyond our inner solar system would require years, ergo this major obstacle – who could manage such a trip? Why not, then, find a way of getting there faster? If prolonged space flight has adverse effects on human health, can the journey be shortened? Well, travelling at the speed of light would it, but unfortunately this is Lê Luận physically impossible for us at the moment MiG pilots can tolerate accelerations of 9G for around fifteen seconds, but beyond this is anatomically out of the question Travelling at the speed of light is only possible if you happen to be a photon or other such massless object The thirst, though, won’t be quenched, hence research into other equally elusive fields Once you mention travelling at the speed of light, you inevitably venture into another realm – for anything beyond the speed of light means “time travel” Since the speed of light is out of reach, some may say why bother with time travel? Well, here is the attraction for the human – if something is beyond our grasp today it becomes an even greater challenge for tomorrow Two hundred years ago people scoffed at the idea of flight, and now it’s available to all, so why not strive towards yet greater achievements According to Einstein’s general theory of relativity, there is nothing in the laws of physics to prevent time travel If may be exemely hard to put into practice, but it’s not impossible, so there is no reason to stop perservering Consequently, there are modern day humans involved in any number of challenges, each on a quest to reach a seemingly unattainable but so desirable goal Whether they be scientists or psychologists or engineers or any number of different professions, they all have the same appetite for knowledge This surely is the key to our efforts to meet any challenge; we simply want to know more about absolutely everything A baby steadily develops its abilities to perform increasingly more complicated tasks, and not once does it seem uninterested in its surroundings An eagerness to learn grows with the baby and as it gains knowledge, it simply yearns for more This continues into adulthood, which surely explains the achievements of explorers like Columbus, mathematicians like Einstein or physicists like Marie Curie 45 According to the writer, how humans differ from other species? A: They are forever on the move B: They are better at finding food and water C: They have never needed to move from place to place to survive D: Their movements have not been only for reasons of survival Thông tin đoạn 1, đặc biệt dòng “unlike most species on this planet we have an insatiable desire to see what is around the next corner but at some point this must have developed into a thirst for adventure and a hunger to discover more about his surroundings.” (Không giống hầu hết loài hành tinh này, có ước muốn vô độ để xem xung quanh nơi số thời điểm, điều hẳn phát triển thành khao khát phiêu lưu ham muốn mãnh liệt khám phá thêm môi trường xung quanh mình.) 46.The word “this” in paragraph refers to: A: travelling at the speed of light C: accelerations of 9G B: adverse effects of space flight D: getting beyond our inner solar system Ý “Well, travelling at the speed of light would it, but unfortunately this is physically impossible for us at the moment” (Vâng, du lịch với tốc độ ánh sáng làm điều đó, thật không may, việc theo lẽ tự nhiên cho thời điểm này.) 47.The phrase “out of the question” in paragraph is closet in meaning to: A: unquestionable C: impossible B: not mentioned in the question D: possible Để đoán nghĩa cụm “out of the question” ta dựa vào từ câu “MiG pilots can tolerate accelerations of 9G for around fifteen seconds, but beyond this is anatomically out of the question” (Những phi công MiG chịu đựng gia tốc 9G khoảng mười lăm giây, vượt điều thể không chịu được) Ở rõ ràng vế đối lập nhau, từ beyond (vượt xa điều đó) giúp ta đoán phần ý nghĩa Lê Luận cụm từ 48 The writer wonders if human exploration might one day be hindered because: A: it will be impossible to go beyond anatomical restraints B: there will be no more need for great achievements C: knowledge about the future is too limited D: there will be no more places to discover Thông tin đoạn dòng cuối “Are the possibilities endless or will our physical limitations prevent us one day from going any further?” Ở đáp án (it will be impossible to go beyond anatomical restraints) ta phải hiểu cụm từ “anatomical restraints” nghĩa với cụm our physical limitations chọn đáp án 49 The writer explains that travelling to a distant planet: A: will never be possible C: would take longer than a human lifespan B: could only bedone by very fit astronauts D: would severely damage a person’s health Thông tin đoạn 3, câu “However, a problem is posed here as any extended period of time in space is physically debilitating.” (Tuy nhiên, vấn đề đặt khoảng thời gian dài không gian gây suy yếu mặt thể chất) Nghĩa phương án đúng: “travelling to a distant planet would severely damage a person’s health” (Đi đến hành tinh xa xôi làm tổn hại nghiêm trọng tới sức khỏe người) 50.According to the writer, what travelling at the speed of light and time travel have in common? A: Einstein supported travel in both these ways C: Many people consider them to be dangerous ideas B: They both present a challenge to researchers D: It will never be possible to either of them Thông tin đoạn dòng “Since the speed of light is out of reach, some may say why bother with time travel? Well, here is the attraction for the human – if something is beyond our grasp today it becomes an even greater challenge for tomorrow.” (Bởi tốc độ ánh sáng tầm với, số lí giải lý lại bận tâm với thời gian du lịch? Vâng, điểm thu hút người - vượt tầm tay ngày trở thành thách thức lớn cho ngày mai.) 51 What does the writer say about modern day humans? A: No challenge is too difficult for us to meet B: We all share the same desire to discover new things C: Each of us has discovered many things D: We enjoy anything physically challenging Thông tin đoạn cuối, dòng “there are modern day humans involved in any number of challenges Whether they be scientists or psychologists or engineers or any number of different professions, they all have the same appetite for knowledge we simply want to know more about absolutely everything.” (những người đại tham gia vào thách thức Cho dù họ nhà khoa học, nhà tâm lý học, kỹ sư ngành nghề khác, tất có cảm giác ham muốn với kiến thức đơn giản muốn biết thêm tất thứ cách hoàn toàn.) 52 The word “yearns” in the last paragraph is closest in meaning to: A: acquires B: accummulates C: desires strongly D: develop rapidly Để đoán nghĩa, ta đọc câu “An eagerness to learn grows with the baby and as it gains knowledge, it simply yearns for more.” (Một háo hức học lớn lên đứa trẻ có kiến thức, cách đơn giản khao khát nữa.) 53 What “explains the achievements” mentioned in the last paragraph? A: the human desire for more knowledge C: the maturity of adulthood B: an increase in useful knowledge D: a baby’s ability to learn Lê Luận Thông tin nằm đoạn cuối, câu “An eagerness to learn grows with the baby and as it gains knowledge, it simply yearns for more This continues into adulthood, which surely explains the achievements of explorers like Columbus, mathematicians like Einstein or physicists like Marie Curie.” Để hiểu điều “explain the achievements”, ta phải hiểu từ which this ám điều từ ám cụm “An eagerness to learn” nhắc đến trước đáp án 54 The writer uses the examples of Columbus, Einstein and Marie Curie : A: to prove that both men and women are great achievers B: to demonstrate that only a few humans rise to a challenge C: because they are from different periods in our history D: to show that humans seek knowledge in different fields Thông tin đoạn cuối, dòng cuối “This continues into adulthood, which surely explains the achievements of explorers like Columbus, mathematicians like Einstein or physicists like Marie Curie” (Điều tiếp tục vào tuổi trưởng thành, mà chắn giải thích thành tựu nhà thám hiểm Columbus, nhà toán học Einstein hay nhà vật lí học Marie Curie.), tác giả liệt kê nhiều nhà khoa học lĩnh vực khác Mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions 55 A: tragedy B: separate C: remedy D: industrious 56 A: unidentified B: uncompromising C: anniversary D: universal 57 A: continental B: alternative C: metropolis D: deficiency Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions 58 A found 59 A known B shout B king C bought C make D mouse D dark Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word or phrase that is CLOSEST in meaning to the under lined part in each of the following questions 60 The sales of drugs are controlled by law in most countries A: permitted B: binding C: illegal D: restricted Đáp án : restricted: bị hạn chế, giới hạn = controlled by law: kiểm soát luật pháp Phương án sai: permitted: cho phép Phương án sai: illegal (adj): trái pháp luật Phương án sai: binding (adj): phải tuân thủ 61 Unfortunately, we must conform to the company’s rules for employee age Therefore, your application has not been accepted A: adhere B: preclude C: marginalize D: pinpoint Đáp án : adhere (to st) = conform: tuân theo (luật lệ) Phương án sai: pinpoint: Phương án sai: marginalize: coi nhẹ, coi thường Phương án sai: preclude: ngăn chặn 62 The children complain quietly whenever their mother makes them study A: glean B: mutter C: plug D: convey Đáp án : mutter: lẩm bẩm, nói cách nhỏ = complain quietly: phàn nàn cách yên lặng (không lớn tiếng) Lê Luận Phương án sai: plug: lấp đầy Phương án sai: glean: thu thập thông tin Phương án sai: convey: truyền tải (thông điệp) Kiến thức cần kiểm tra: Từ vựng D 63 The test site region encompassed a ten-square-mile area A) overlooked B) owned C) surveyed D) encircled 64 After an unhappy love affair, Emily Dickinson lived like a person apart from society, shut away in her family home in Amherst, Massachusetts A) a heroine B) a beggar C C) a recluse( xa lánh, ẩn dật) D) an invalid I TỰ LUẬN A The doctor told him that he worked too hard  You Those pictures are beautiful  How It was an interesting film  What What’s the weight of your suitcase?  How How tall is Peter?  What You work too hard” – the doctor said to him How beautiful those pictures are What an interesting film! How heavy is your suitcase? What is the height of Peter? In about 140 words, write a paragraph about the advantages of using public transportation As we see, The public transportation brings us a number of benefits in term of individual as well as society First of all,that many people travel by public vehicles helps reduce the environment pollution That's because the amount of fuel ( which turns into exhaust after that) used to carry the number of people in a bus is less than that of many individual vehicles Moreover, Traffic jam will no longer be our long- lasting obsession if most everybody chooses public vehicles as daily means of transportation Congestion only turns up when so many people's own cars, motorbikes spread out every corner of streets Last but not least, We can save money by using buses to travel or electric trains to commute The tickets of public transportation are often cheap because it serves the big number of customers As these above advantages of public transporttation, I strongly suggest that we should use public transportation as main means of transportation Lê Luận ... rừng Ngoài có đề nghị quỹ toàn cầu tạo để cấp tiền cho nước tự họ chọn để bảo vệ môi trường họ) 17. The word “obligation” in paragraph could best replaced by: Lê Luận A: relationship C: promise... number of different professions, they all have the same appetite for knowledge This surely is the key to our efforts to meet any challenge; we simply want to know more about absolutely everything... thông tin Phương án sai: convey: truyền tải (thông điệp) Kiến thức cần kiểm tra: Từ vựng D 63 The test site region encompassed a ten-square-mile area A) overlooked B) owned C) surveyed D) encircled
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