Đề thi tiếng anh đề MOCK TEST 1 KEY

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MOCK TEST 2016 KEY Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions The Alaska pipeline starts at the frozen edge of the Arctic Ocean It stretches southward across the largest and northernmost state in the United States, ending at a remote ice-free seaport village nearly 800 miles from where it begins It is massive in size and extremely complicated to operate The steel pipe crosses windswept plains and endless miles of delicate tundra that tops the frozen ground It weaves through crooked canyons, climbs sheer mountains, plunges over rocky crags, makes its way through thick forests, and passes over or under hundreds of rivers and streams The pipe is feet in diameter, and up to million barrels (or 84 million gallons) of crude oil can be pumped through it daily Resting on H-shaped steel racks called "bents," long sections of the pipeline follow a zigzag course high above the frozen earth Other long sections drop out of sight beneath spongy or rocky ground and return to the surface later on The pattern of the pipeline's up-and-down route is determined by the often harsh demands of the arctic and subarctic climate, the tortuous lay of the land, and the varied compositions of soil, rock, or permafrost (permanently frozen ground) A little more than half of the pipeline is elevated above the ground The remainder is buried anywhere from to 12 feet, depending largely upon the type of terrain and the properties of the soil One of the largest in the world, the pipeline cost approximately $8 billion and is by far the biggest and most expensive construction project ever undertaken by private industry In fact, no single business could raise that much money, so eight major oil companies formed a consortium in order to share the costs Each company controlled oil rights to particular shares of land in the oil fields and paid into the pipeline-construction fund according to the size of its holdings Today, despite enormous problems of climate, supply shortages, equipment breakdowns, labor disagreements, treacherous terrain, a certain amount of mismanagement, and even theft, the Alaska pipeline has been completed and is operating 1.The passage primarily discusses the pipeline's A: employees B: operating costs C: consumers D: construction Đáp án: construction Bài đọc nói vị trí, kích thước, hình dạng, trình xây dựng đường ống công ty chịu trách nhiệm cho dự an Nói tóm lại, đọc nói việc xây dựng đường ống dẫn dầu Alaska 2.The word "it" in bold refers to A: state B: pipeline C: village D: ocean Đáp án: pipeline Từ ‘it’ hệ thống đường ống Alaska nhắc đến 3.According to the passage, 84 million gallons of oil can travel through the pipeline each A: year B: week C: day D: month Đáp án: day Cuối đoạn 02 có từ daily=each day: hàng ngày: Đường ống có đường kính feet chứa tới triệu barrels (khoảng 84 triệu gallons) dầu thô bơm vào hàng ngày 4.The phrase "Resting on" in bold is closest in meaning to A: Consisting of B: Supported by C: Passing under D: Protected with Đáp án : Resting on = Supported by = nằm hệ thống giàn giáo kim loại hình chữ H 5.The author mentions all of the following as important in determining the pipeline's route EXCEPT the A: local vegetation B: climate C: kind of soil and rock D: lay of the land itself Đáp án: local vegetation Câu thứ đoạn 03: The pattern of the pipeline's up-and-down route is determined by the often harsh demands of the arctic and subarcticclimate, the tortuous lay of the land, and the varied compositions of soil, rock, or permafrost (permanently frozen ground: Đường hệ thống ống lên xuống phụ thuộc vào điều kiện khí hậu khắc nghiệt vùng bắc nam cực, mặt đất uốn lượn thành phần khác đất, đá, hay mặt băng 6.The word "undertaken" in bold is closest in meaning to A: selected B: transported C: attempted D: removed Đáp án: undertaken = attempted: đảm nhiệm, chịu trách nhiệm: dự án công ty tư nhân chịu trách nhiệm 7.How many companies shared the costs of constructing the pipeline? A: Four B: Twelve C: Eight D: Three Đáp án : Eight Câu số đoạn 04: Thực tế, không công ty đủ tiền, 08 công ty dầu mỏ lớn hợp tác để gánh vác chi phí 8.The word "particular" in bold is closest in meaning to A: specific B: exceptional C: peculiar D: equal Đáp án : particular = specific = cụ thể 9.Which of the following determined what percentage of the construction costs each member of the consortium would pay? A: How many people worked for each company B: How long each company had owned land in the oil fields C: How much oil field land each company owned D: How many oil wells were located on the company's land Đáp án : How much oil field land each company owned Câu 03 đoạn cuối: Mỗi công ty có quyền quản lí lượng dầu mỏ dựa vào lượng cổ phần cụ thể đất đai khu dầu mỏ phải trả chi phí xây dựng dựa vào phần trăm cổ phần mà nắm giữ 10.Which word in the passage does the author provide as a term for an earth covering that always remains frozen? A: tundra B: terrain C: permafrost D: plain Đáp án : permafrost Ở đoạn 03, từ permafrost giải thích permanently frozen ground: vùng đất đóng băng vĩnh viễn = an earth covering that always remains frozen Plain: đồng bằng; crag: lớp đất đá; terrain: vùng đất Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions 11.The house is much cheaper than we at first A: had thought B: were thinking C: thought D: think Đáp án: thought Chia động từ khứ đơn có từ ‘at first’ (ban đầu) 12.We couldn’t buy anything because of the shops were open A: none B: all C: half D: most Đáp án : none Vì sau có ‘of’ mệnh đề trước cho thấy không mua nên chắn phải cửa hàng mở cửa 13.I don’t think he was present the meeting yesterday A: in B: at C: about D: on Đáp án: at Cụm be present at somewhere = có mặt địa điểm cụ thể 14.Who wrote Pride and Prejudice ? A: the English was writer who B: was the writer English who C: was the English writer who D: the English writer who was Đáp án: was the English writer who Nhà văn người Anh viết ‘Kiêu hãnh Định kiến’ ai? (Đây câu hỏi nên ‘was’ phải đảo lên trước chủ ngữ; phải có ‘who’ sau danh từ ‘writer’ để làm đại từ quan hệ 15.I am the last one of the news A: informing B: to be informed C: inform D: to inform Đáp án: to be informed Tôi người cuối báo tin Sau danh từ có từ số thứ tự first, second, third, …last, only hay so sánh nhất, mệnh đề quan hệ thường rút gọn thành ‘to Verb’ (chủ động) ‘to be Ved2’ (bị động) 16.Not until the first land plants developed A: the land animals appeared B: did land animals appear C: land animals appeared D: would land animals appear Đáp án: did land animals appear Đảo ngữ với ‘Not until’ đứng đầu, câu mang tính kể lại hành động xảy khứ, câu bình thuờng “Land animals didn’t appear until the first land plants developed” 17.For , it is certain that in the future some things will be very different A: the good or the bad B: the better or the worse C: better or worse D: good or bad đáp án: better or worse Cấu trúc so sánh đồng thời thành ngữ (Dù tốt hay xấu) 18.It is necessary that every student a uniform A: wears B: be worn C: has worn D: wear Đáp án: wear trước tính từ ‘necessary’ nên động từ phải chia dạng nguyên thể (thức giả định) Thức giả định: Sau số tính từ (important, essential,…), động từ (insist, suggest, …), hay danh từ (suggestion, recommendation, …) + mệnh đề (S + Vinf) 19.Do you know a nearby restaurant has good food? A: that B: whose C: who D: where Đáp án: that Ở phải chọn ‘that’ ‘that’ làm chủ ngữ MĐQH thay cho danh từ vật (restaurant) 20.Many young people have objected to marriage, which is decided by the parents of the bride and groom A: shared B: contractual C: sacrificed D: agreed Đáp án : contractual marriage: hôn nhân đặt, mai mối 21.Most of us would maintain that physical does not play a major part in how we react to the people we meet A: attractive B: attractiveness C: attract D: attractively Đáp án: attractiveness Cần danh từ trước có tính từ physical attractiveness = lôi ngoại hình 22.You him your map He has one of his own A: needn’t have lent B: couldn’t have lent C: mightn’t have lent D: mustn’t have lent Đáp án: needn’t have lent Nghĩa: Lẽ bạn không cần cho mượn đồ bạn có riêng (thực tế bạn cho mượn bạn rồi) 23.I know William has been disobedient, but don’t be too on him A: strong B: heavy C: strict weak D: hard Đáp án: be hard on sb: nghiêm khắc/ khắt khe Nghĩa: Tôi biết William lời đừng khắt khe với 24.The blind child a great effort to learn “Braille ” A: got B: make C: created D: made Đáp án: make a great effort: nỗ lực Ở phải dùng ‘made’ (quá khứ) ‘make’ phải chia thứ ba số ‘makes’ 25.You have to to know how dangerous the situation is A: be in his shoes B: step into his shoes C: tie him hand and foot D: be on his case Đáp án : be in his shoes: đặt vào hoàn cảnh anh Phương án : step into his shoes: tiếp tục làm việc anh làm Phương án : be on his case: mắng mỏ anh Phương án : tie him hand and foot: trói chân trói tay (ngăn không cho làm cả) Nghĩa: Bạn phải đặt vào địa vị thấy tình nguy hiểm 26."What are Harris's new friends like?" " " A: We don't really know what they like We'd better ask them next time they are here B: They like heavy music, especially metal rock C: They are just fantastic, friendly and very polite D: They are tall and in their twenties Đáp án: They are just fantastic, friendly and very polite “What … like?” câu hỏi tính cách “What … look like?” câu hỏi ngoại hình 27.They are going to make excursion next month A: two weeks’ B: two-weeks C: a two-week D: two weeks a two-week's Đáp án: a two-week Tính từ ghép a two-week = a two weeks’ excursion (chuyến tuần) 28.Oil 80 percent of the country's export A: composes of B: accounts for C: results in D: consists of Đáp án B account for = chiếm; consist of/compose of = bao gồm, gồm; result in = gây nên Nghĩa: Dầu chiếm 80% lượng xuất nước 29.A: "You look nervous! " B: "This thunder scares me to death." A: Come on B: Why's that? C: How are you? D: What's wrong? Đáp án : What's wrong? Vì câu trả lời ‘Sấm làm sợ chết được’ nên câu hỏi phải ‘Trông bạn lo lắng Bạn thế?’ Các câu lại không hợp nghĩa Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions 30.There was an abrupt change in the weather A: sudden B: extreme C: gradual D: strong Đáp án : abrupt >< gradual (đột ngột >< dần dần) 31.Ann: Mrs Vy looks as fresh as a daisy Brian: Yeah, everyone’s been calling her the picture of health A: in poor health B: dishonest C: extremely strong D: fit Đáp án : the picture of health >< in poor health (rất khỏe mạnh >< sức khỏe yếu) Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks Is Work Bad for you? 10 Popular perception is that working (1) are now so over-regulated the only people likely to be injured at work are bosses, strangled by (2) tape But beware a hidden epidemic raging in British workplaces In this post-industrial age, when most jobs are in (3) industry, information technology and the service sector, we expect working life to be relatively comfortable and at the very (4) safe We don’t expect to be maimed, laid off for life or work ourselves into the ground (5) again In the UK there are still 1.6 million workplace injuries every year as well as 2.2 million cases of ill health caused by work Some of these injuries wouldn’t have been out of place in Charles Dickens’ England Last year 350 people died as a result of building (6) accidents, a large increase on previous years But some of the worst dangers are the hidden ones 400,000 cases of asthma are caused by working conditions, (7) to high levels of dust or traffic pollution, and asbestos still kills over 4,000 people a year There are no (8) at present requiring owners to record the (9) of asbestos, meaning that builders and firefighters have no way of anticipating the problem However, a non-profit organization has taken up the issue with a new database (10) in conjunction with the Trades Union Congress 32.A: conditions B: sites C: habits D: plights Đáp án : working conditions = điều kiện làm việc; plights: khó khăn, gánh nặng 33A: white B: green C: black D: red Đáp án : red tape = thủ tục hành rườm rà 34.A: heavy B: mild 11 C: strong D: light Đáp án : light industry: ngành công nghiệp nhẹ >< heavy industry: ngành công nghiệp nặng Ở phải chọn ngành công nghiệp nhẹ nói đến thời đại hậu công nghiệp (post-industrial age) nên ngành chủ yếu công nghiệp nhẹ, công nghệ thông tin dịch vụ 35.A: most B: least C: few D: furthest Đáp án: least at (the very) least = 36.A: Dwell B: Comment C: Remark D: Think Đáp án : Think again = nghĩ lại đi; Remark: Nhận xét Dwell: Nghĩ việc phức tạp, không vui 37.A: site B: place C: space D: location Đáp án : building site accidents = tai nạn công trường 38.A: expansion 12 Comment: Nhận xét, đánh giá B: detection C: exposure D: expression Đáp án : exposure to sth = tiếp xúc với; detection: phát ra; expression: thể hiện; expansion: mở rộng 39.A: prosecutions B: principles C: methods D: regulations Đáp án : regulations = quy định; principles: nguyên tắc; prosecutions: lời buộc tội 40.A: company B: attendance C: presence D: residence Đáp án : the presence of sth = có mặt (chất asbestos) 41.A: propelled B: terminated C: launched D: embarked Đáp án : database (cơ sở liệu) với động từ lauch (đưa thông tin, sản phẩm, …) Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions 13 42.Draft horses are the tallest, most powerful and heavy group of horses Đáp án : heavy sửa lại thành heaviest Vì câu sử dụng loạt tính từ dạng so sánh (tallest, most powerful) 43.Working all night long Jim felt extreme hungry and just wanted to have a sandwich Đáp án : extreme sửa lại thành extremely Vì sau tính từ hungry Kiến thức cần kiểm tra: Ngữ pháp: Trạng từ mức độ đứng trước tính từ để thể mức độ tính từ (extremely hungry: đói vô cùng) 44.They had a discussion about training not only the new employees but also giving them some challenges Đáp án: not only Chuyển not only trước training Vì câu sử dụng cặp từ nối not only … but also dùng để nối cấu trúc tương đương (mệnh đề với mệnh đề, danh từ với danh từ, động từ với động từ, tính từ với tính từ, …) nên phải nối training … với giving … 45.Twenty pounds are a bit too expensive for this pair of pants because my friend bought a similar pair for fifteen pounds last week from a shop in the corner Đáp án : are sửa lại thành is Vì twenty pounds tổng số lượng tiền nên với động từ số (tổng lượng tiền, thời gian, khoảng cách, cân nặng, … thường với động từ số ít) 46.Some studies show that young babies prefer the smell of milk to those of other liquids Đáp án : those sửa lại thành that Vì câu sử dụng đại từ thay (thay cho the smell) Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions 47.A: rough B: tough C: plough D: enough Đáp án : plough “gh” bị câm Các phương án lại “gh” phát âm /f/ 48.A: probably B: special C: program D: psychology 14 psychology “p” bị câm Các phương án lại “p” phát âm /p/ Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions 49.A: attendance B: horrible C: element D: company Đáp án : attendance Trọng âm rơi vào âm tiết thứ hai Các phương án lại rơi vào âm tiết thứ 50.A: intelligent B: impossible C: independent D: experience Đáp án: independent Trọng âm rơi vào âm tiết thứ ba Các phương án lại rơi vào âm tiết thứ hai 51.A: illustrate B: cigarette C: disappoint D: understand Đáp án: illustrate Trọng âm rơi vào âm tiết thứ Các phương án lại rơi vào âm tiết thứ ba Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions 52.It will take more or less a month to prepare for the wedding A: approximately B: more than 15 C: generally D: simply Đáp án : more or less = approximately (khoảng/ xấp xỉ) 53.This is the instance where big, obvious non-verbal signals are appropriate A: situation B: example place C: attention D: phenomenon matter Đáp án : instance = situation (tình huống) 54.Although Valentine’s Day has become a global industry with more than 80 million roses sold worldwide, the origins of the day are unclear and hidden in the mists of time A: a long time ago forever B: magical mysterious C: unforgettable D: too old for anyone to confirm Đáp án : hidden in the mists of time = too old for anyone to confirm (bị thời gian che khuất = lâu nên được) Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions Music is a very important part of our lives Music is for dancing, drinking, eating, loving and thinking Some songs remind us of our childhood or youth Others remind us of the people we love Many important occasions, like weddings and funerals have special music Every nation has a national song like the American “The Star – Spangled Banner” In the U.S , high schools and colleges have school songs, too Music is a part of the history of America It expresses the problems and feelings of its people As the years pass, the music grows and changes Modern science has also changed music Inventions like records, radio, movies, electric instruments, tape recorders and video have changed the way we play and listen to music They have helped to make music an 16 important form of international communication American music, from the earliest folk songs to modern “ pop ”, is known around the world Music is one of America’s most important exports It brings the people of the world together Even when people cannot understand the same language, they can share the same music Understanding American music can help you understand American people, their history and culture 55.What is true about “The Star – Spangled Banner”? A: It’s the U.S national song B: It’s one American song C: It’s liked by every nation D: It reminds us of people we love Đáp án : It’s one American song Thông tin nằm đoạn 01: Every nation has a national song like the American “The Star – Spangled Banner.”: Mỗi quốc gia có quốc ca giống Mỹ có “The Star – Spangled Banner” 56.According to the passage, music is changed thanks to the invention of the following EXCEPT: A: International communication B: Videos C: Electric instruments D: Tape recorders Đáp án: International communication Thông tin nằm đoạn 03: Inventions like records, radio, movies, electric instruments, tape recorders, and video have changed the way we play and listen to music: Những phát minh đĩa, đài phát thanh, phim, nhạc cụ điện, máy ghi âm, video thay đổi cách chơi nghe nhạc) 57.The word “exports” in the last paragraph is nearest in meaning to: A: things that can be sold B: things that can be enjoyed C: things that can be changed D: things that can be bought 17 Đáp án : things that can be sold Exports: mặt hàng xuất đoán trước nhắc đến “Âm nhạc Mỹ tiếng khắp nơi giới.” 58.What is the earliest form of music in America? A: School music B: Folk music C: Pop music D: National music Đáp án : Folk music Thông tin câu đoạn cuối: American music, from the earliest folk songs to modern “pop”, is known around the world: Âm nhạc Mỹ, từ hát dân ca thủa sơ khai nhạc pop đương đại, tiếng khắp nơi giới 59.What can be the title for this article? A: The future of American music B: The development of American music C: An introduction to American music D: The history of American music Đáp án: The development of American music Cả nhắc nhắc lại từ American music nhiều Ngoài có câu: As the years pass, the music grows and changes: Thời gian trôi qua, âm nhạc phát triển thay đổi; Mordern science has also changed music… 60.According to the passage, which of the following statement is NOT true of music of America? A: It is known around the world B: It only expresses the problems of the nation C: It contributes to the country’s exports D: It has experienced changes Đáp án : It only expresses the problems of the nation Câu thứ hai đoạn 02: It expresses the problems and feelings of its people: Âm nhạc thể vấn đề cảm xúc nhân dân Ở âm nhạc vấn đề mà cảm xúc nước Mỹ nữa) 18 Câu : It contributes to the country’s exports thấy đoạn cuối (Music is one of America’s most important exports) Câu: It is known around the world thấy đoạn câu đầu đoạn cuối Câu : It has experienced changes thấy đoạn + 61.The word “form” in the passage can be best replaced by A: path B: mean C: route D: sort Đáp án: a form of = a means of = loại, kiểu 62.The phrase “As the years pass” could be best replaced by which of the following? A: For a long time B: Nowadays C: As time goes by D: Because time flies Đáp án: As the years pass = As time goes by = thời gian trôi 63.Which of the following have helped music become an important form of international communication? A: Important occasions B: American history C: Modern science D: Language 19 Đáp án: Modern science Dựa vào câu “Inventions like records, radio, movies, electric instruments, tape recorders and video have changed the way we play and listen to music They have helped to make music an important form of international communication.” 64.Which of the following can be inferred from the passage? A: The more one understands American music, the deeper his knowledge of the American people is B: If two people share the same music, they share the same language C: Pop music is not as popular as folk songs in America D: An understanding of a nation’s music will certainly lead to a thorough understanding of that country Đáp án: The more one understands American music, the deeper his knowledge of the American people is Câu cuối bài: Understanding American music can help you understand American people, their history and culture: Hiểu âm nhạc Mỹ giúp bạn hiểu người, lịch sử văn hóa nước Mỹ Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means the same as the sentence printed before it Question 1: “I don’t think John will come”, said Bill Bill doubted _ Question 2: We started cooking for the party four hours ago We have _ Question 3: It’s such a marvelous opportunity that we mustn’t miss it It’s too _ Question 4: Most of the students ignored what the teacher was saying Few Question 5: The students regretted that they had missed the lecture The students regretted not Question 1: Bill doubted whether/ if/ that John would come Question 2: We have been cooking for the party for four hours Question 3: It’s too marvelous an opportunity that we mustn’t miss it Question 4: Few students listened to/took note of/ paid attention to what the teacher was saying Question 5: The students regretted not attending the lecture In about 140 words, write a paragraph about the roles of women in modern families Write yourparagraph on your answer sheet Roles of women in modern families Topic sentence needs to emphasize: they serve both traditional and modern roles in the contemporary society Main idea 1: traditional roles - being a wife: + maintain the cozy atmosphere at home, as the saying goes "Men make house, women make home" + the housework, take care of family events - being a mother + give birth to children, which is not an easy task + nurture and bring up their children until they grow up, which requires great love, care and sacrifice Main idea 2: modern roles - more and more women are participating in the workforce, shouldering financial responsibility, thus sharing the burden with their husbands - women with intelligence, qualifications and enthusiasm will make a great contribution to nation's wealth as well as human knowledge There are a number of female business owners, researchers, scientists, etc Concluding sentence should emphasize the importance of women in both roles Ideally, if students can write that: "with those roles, women can suffer from heavy stress at work and at home, so they need to be appreciated and respected", they will get higher mark ... following questions 11 .The house is much cheaper than we at first A: had thought B: were thinking C: thought D: think Đáp án: thought Chia động từ khứ đơn có từ ‘at first’ (ban đầu) 12 .We couldn’t... phải cửa hàng mở cửa 13 .I don’t think he was present the meeting yesterday A: in B: at C: about D: on Đáp án: at Cụm be present at somewhere = có mặt địa điểm cụ thể 14 .Who wrote Pride... word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks Is Work Bad for you? 10 Popular perception is that working (1) are now so over-regulated the only people likely to be injured at work
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