100 bai tap chon loc mon tieng anh chuyen de tu luan viet lai cau va viet doan van co loi giai chi tiet

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Chuyên đề: TỰ LUẬN I- DẠNG 1: VIẾT LẠI CÂU SAO CHO NGHĨA KHÔNG ĐỔI Exercise 1: (Đề thi THPTQG thức năm 2015) Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means the same as the sentence printed before it Write your answers on your answer sheet Question 1: If John does not change his working style, he will be sacked soon Unless Question 2: “Would you like to come to my 18th birthday party?” he asked me He invited Question 3: People believe that this new teaching method is more effective than the old one This new teaching method Question 4: He did not realize how difficult the task was until he was halfway through it Not until Question 5: It was wrong of you to leave the class without asking for your teacher „s permission You should not Exercise 2: (Đề thi minh hoa BGD & ĐT – Kỳ thi THPT quốc gia 2015) Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means the same as the sentence printed before it Question 1: This is the most interesting novel I‟ve ever read I have never …………………………………………………………… Question 2: I can‟t cook as well as my mother can My mother ……………………………………………………………… Question 3: The noise next door did not stop until after midnight It was not ……………………………………………………………… >> Truy cập http://tuyensinh247.com để học Toán – Lý – Hóa – Sinh – VănAnh tốt nhất! Question 4: You can ring this number whenever there is any difficulty Should ………………………………………………………………… Question 5: “I didn‟t break the vase of flowers,” the boy said The boy denied ………………………………………………………… Exercise 3: (Đề thi thử THPT quốc gia 2015 – trường THPT chuyên Khoa Học Tự Nhiên) Use the words given in large letters without changing them to finish each of the following sentences in such a way that means the same as the sentence printed before it Question : “You should have finished the report by now” John told his secretary (REPROACHES ) →John Question : Soil erosion is a result of forests being cut down carelessly ( LEADS TO ) → That forests Question : There is no way that young man can achieve any success in this test ( BOUND) → The young man Question : We don‟t seem to e enjoying the party very much because it is raining ( NOT FOR) → Were Question 5: He forgot all about his appointment with the doctor until he arrived home ( UNTIL THAT ) → It was Exercise 4: (Đề thi thử thpt quốc gia 2015-trường THPT Chuyên Biên Hòa – Hà Nam) Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means the same as the sentences printed before it Question 1: She never seems to succeed, even though she works hard However………………………………………………………… Question 2: “I‟ sorry I didn‟t phone you earlier.” Jill said Jill apologized…………………………………………………… Question 3: Without Jack‟s help, I wouldn‟t have been able to move the table If………………………………………………………………… Question 4: Immediately after his arrival home, a water-heater exploded Hardly…………………………………………………………… Question 5: People believe that the Chinese invented paper in 105 A.D Paper…………………………………………………………… >> Truy cập http://tuyensinh247.com để học Toán – Lý – Hóa – Sinh – VănAnh tốt nhất! Exercise 5: (Đề thi thử thpt quốc gia 2015-Trường thpt Chuyên Nguyễn Huệ lần 3) Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means the same as the sentence printed before it Question 1:The secretary said she was sorry she was late for the meeting The secretary apologized for Question 2: The teacher started to write the lesson plan right after he returned home from the work Hardly had Question 3: It is said that the thief stole everything in the house Everything Question 4: He could not win Mike because he was not patient enough Had he Question 5: No matter how hard I tried, I could not open the window Try Exercise 6: (Đề thi thử thpt quốc gia 2015-Trường thpt Công Phương-Quảng Ngãi) Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means the same the sentence printed before it His jealousy increases with his love for her The more 10 She became interested in wildlife conservation, so she joined Greenpeace But for They said that the explosion had been caused by mine The explosion We‟d prefer you not to smoke We‟d rather >> Truy cập http://tuyensinh247.com để học Toán – Lý – Hóa – Sinh – VănAnh tốt nhất! Most students ignored what the teacher was saying Few……………………………… Exercise 7: (Đề thi thử THPT quốc gia 2015- trường THPT chuyên Sư Phạm Hà Nội lần 4) Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence Use the word given and between one and four other words Do not change the word given Question 1: What a pity you didn‟t come to the party ( wish )  I _ to the party Question 2: There‟s no need for him to spend so much money ( Have )  He so much money Question 3: This information is so useless that it‟s not worth keeping it secret ( Such )  This that it‟s not worth keeping it secret Question 4: They think that their school teacher is a very rich man ( Believed )  Their school teacher _ a very rich man Question 5: The hairdresser did Mary‟s hair last Tuesday ( Had )  Mary _ last Tuesday Exercise 8: (Đề thi thử THPT quốc gia 2015-trường THPT chuyên Sư Phạm Hà Nội lần 5) Question 1: Students may not park here Students are Question 2: We‟ve written fifty per cent of the report already Half Question 3: She didn‟t escape injury; she wasn't wearing a crash helmet If only Question 4: Amy was bitten by a dog when she was very young and she still remembers it Amy still remembers Question 5: “I shall return the day after tomorrow." His only comment Exercise 9: (Đề thi thử THPT quốc gia 2016-trường THPT chuyên Sư Phạm Hà Nội lần 6) Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence Question 1: There aren‟t many tourists in this area  There are very in this area Question 2: I very rarely go into the city centre, so I don‟t know where to shop  I am _ shopping in the city centre >> Truy cập http://tuyensinh247.com để học Toán – Lý – Hóa – Sinh – VănAnh tốt nhất! Question 3: I‟m sorry I didn‟t look at the hotel room before I booked it  I regret the hotel room before I booked it Question : Communication changed completely when the telephone was introduced  Communication changed completely with _ the telephone Question 5: “You‟ve passed the exam? Oh well done!” my aunt said to me  My aunt _ the exam Exercise 10: (Đề thi thử THPT quốc gia 2015-trường THPT chuyên Sư Phạm Hà Nội lần 7) Complete the second sentence with the word in bold provided at the end of each sentence and no more than four other words, so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence DO NOT alter the word given Question “Could you open the door for me, please?” said Simon me -> Simon the door for him Question We paid 100 pounds for his new trainers us -> His new trainers 100 pounds Questions The expert had no idea that the painting was not genuine know -> Little _ that the painting was not genuine Question 4.1 am sure they lied to you have -> They _ you Question She found it easy to learn Spanish when she moved to Madrid problem -> She had up Spanish when she moved to Madrid Exercise 11: Đề thi thử thpt quốc gia năm 2015 – trường THPT chuyên Nguyễn Huệ lần 4) Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means the same as the sentence printed before it If you want my advice, I would forget about buying a new house  If I >> Truy cập http://tuyensinh247.com để học Toán – Lý – Hóa – Sinh – VănAnh tốt nhất! I had better get back to work  It‟s They couldn‟t trace who had supplied the information in the first place  The source Their dog was so fierce that nobody would visit them They had They had to wait for twelve hours before their flight left  Only after a _ Exercise 12: (Đề thi thử THPT quốc gia 2015 - trường THPT chuyên Vinh lần 2) Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means the same as the sentence printed before it Question 1: He tried to study hard However, he didn‟t get high marks No matter _ Question 2: He lost his money simply because he wasn‟t careful If _ Question 3:She locked the door so that nobody would disturb her She locked the door to _ Question 4:“If I were you, I‟d look for another job” he said to me He suggested _ Question 5: I always think about transport costs when job hunting I always _ Exercise 14: (Đề thi thử THPT quốc gia 2015- trường THPT chuyên Vinh lần 3) Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means the same as the sentence printed before it >> Truy cập http://tuyensinh247.com để học Toán – Lý – Hóa – Sinh – VănAnh tốt nhất! The students regretted that they had missed the lecture The students regretted not The workers only called off the strike after a new pay offer Only after “Don‟t leave the house until I get back, William,” his mother said William „s mother told You should take two tablets every four hours Two tablets should It „s such a marvelous opportunity that we mustn‟t miss it It „s too Exercise 15: (Đề thi thử THPT quốc gia 2015- Trường THPT chuyên Thái Nguyên lần 3) Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means the same as the sentence printed before it Question As he grew older, he became more forgetful The Question "You really must stay with us this weekend!" Laura said, Laura insisted Question He couldn't come to the party because of his serious illness Had he Question The writer's writing style contrasted sharply with his spoken language There Question The financial crisis affects both developed and third-world countries Not only Exercise 16: (Đề thi thử THPTquốc gia 2015-Trường thpt Chuyên Sơn Tây) Question 1: Although I love him, I can‟t tolerate his impatience → Much …………………………………………………………………………… Question 2: Would you mind not smoking in here? → I‟d ………………………………………………………………………………… Question 3: John missed the ferry because he got up late →If …………………………………………………………………………………… >> Truy cập http://tuyensinh247.com để học Toán – Lý – Hóa – Sinh – VănAnh tốt nhất! Question 4: “Don‟t forget to check the internet for an application to our college,” the counselor told the students → The counselor reminded …………………………………………………………… Question 5: People say that nine crew members were lost overboard → Nine crew members…………………………………………………………………… Exercise 17: (Đề thi thử THPT quốc gia 2015- Sở GD ĐT Thanh Hóa) Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means the same as the sentence printed before it Question 1: They are going to build a new school in this area  A new school Question 2: He can‟t give you a lift because he doesn‟t have a car  If he had _ Question 3: “I‟ll come to see you next weekend,” Nam said to Lan  Nam promised Question 4: My book is not as expensive as yours  Your book is _ Question 5: He didn‟t know how to swim until he was 30  It was not until _ Exercise 18: (Đề thi thử THPT quốc gia 2015-Trường thpt Nguyễn Tất Thành lần 2) Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means the same as the sentence printed before it Question Carol finds it easy to make friends Carol has no Question They have sold the old house at the end of the road The old house Question She left university two years ago It is Question If Brian doesn‟t train harder, I won‟t select him for the team, ” said the manager The manager threatened Question House prices have risen dramatically this year >> Truy cập http://tuyensinh247.com để học Toán – Lý – Hóa – Sinh – VănAnh tốt nhất! There has Exercise 19: (Đề thi thử thpt quốc gia 2015-Trường thpt Chuyên ĐH Vinh lần 1) Rewrite the following sentences in such a way that they mean almost the same as those printed before them (0,5 điểm) Question 1: People say that Jenny lived in Texas, America for years Jenny ………………………………………………………………………… Question 2: You are wearing a beautiful dress today!" , Susan said to Mary Susan paid…………………………………………………………………………… Question 3: It was such a boring documentary film that she fell asleep The documentary film ………………………………………………………………………………………… Question 4: „I am sorry for coming late', said Alice to her teacher Alice apologized ……………………………………………………………………… Question 5: What the politician was saying fell on deaf ears last night No one………………………………………………………………………………… Exercise 20: (Đề thi thử thpt quốc gia 2015-Trường thpt Chuyên Huỳnh Mẫn Đạt) Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means the same as the sentence printed before it It wasn‟t necessary for you to buy so many chips as you did You needn‟t Much as he tried hard, he didn‟t succeed in installing the software However He lost his job because he was very lazy But It was not until midnight that he could finish his homework Not until If only I hadn‟t bought the secondhand motorbike I regret Exercise 21: (Đề thi thử thpt quốc gia 2015-Trường thpt Chuyên KHTN lần 5) Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means the some as the sentence >> Truy cập http://tuyensinh247.com để học Toán – Lý – Hóa – Sinh – VănAnh tốt nhất! printed before it Question He is the most generous headmaster I‟ve ever worked with → I have never _ Question No students in my class can speak English as fluently as Alice does → Alice Question Since our advertisement for our product was so bad, fewer people bought it → Had _ _ _ Question As soon as Alice registered for the course, she received the scholarship → No sooner Question “You‟re always making terrible mistakes,” said the teacher → The teacher complained _ Exercise 22: (Đề thi thử thpt quốc gia 2015-Trường thpt Chuyên Long An) We last went abroad a long time ago We have not …………………………………… He didn‟t study enough for his exams, so he failed two of them He didn‟t study enough for his exams, which ……………………… As it got darker, we had more difficulty seeing The darker it got, the harder ………………………… They were looking for their lost dog all week They spent …………………………………… We had to go up the stairs because someone was using the lift The lift was …………………………………………………… Exercise 23: (Đề thi thử thpt quốc gia 2015-Trường thpt Chuyên nguyễn Bỉnh Khiêm) 1.I‟m sorry that I didn‟t finish my homework - I wish Please don‟t turn on the radio - I‟d rather Mary doesn‟t speak English so well as Jane - Jane _ 4.He last had his eyes tested ten months ago - He hasn‟t _ >> Truy cập http://tuyensinh247.com để học Toán – Lý – Hóa – Sinh – VănAnh tốt nhất! 10 Bố cục 0.40 Câu dẫn chủ đề mạch lạc Bố cục hơp lý rõ ràng phù hợp yêu cầu đề Bố cục uyển chuyển từ mở đến kết luận Phát triển ý 0.25 Phát triển ý trình tự logic dẫn chứng, ví dụ đủ để bảo vệ ý kiến Sử dụng ngôn từ 0.30 Sử dụng ngôn từ phù hợp nội dung Sử dụng ngôn từ văn phòng thể loại Sử dung từ nối ý cho viết uyển chuyển Nội dung 0.30 Đủ thuyết phục người đọc Đủ dẫn chứng, ví dụ lập luận Độ dài: Số từ không nhiều so với quy định 5% Ngữ pháp, dấu câu tả 0.25 Sử dụng dấu câu Chính tả: viết tả Lỗi tả gây hiểu nhầm/sai lệch ý bị tính lỗi ( trừ 1% điểm viết) Sử dụng thời, thể, cấu trúc câu ngữ pháp (lỗi ngữ >> Truy cập http://tuyensinh247.com để học Toán – Lý – Hóa – Sinh – VănAnh tốt nhất! 57 pháp gây hiểu nhầm/sai lệch ý bị trừ 1% điểm viết) Tổng 1.50 Sample: As we move into the twenty-first century, technology is affecting many different areas of life and education is no exception There are some advantages of incorporating technology to education First of all, technology for education is promoting individual learning and mobile learning, both teachers and students are benefiting from this new technology for education Some of the barriers in education have been broken down by this new technology for education; students can learn from anywhere, teachers can easily reach their students from anywhere Secondly, technology is helping to change education in a positive way; it is part of the modern world Technology for education is improving grades for students and it prepares them for the future Technology has several advantages, but teachers who will personally oversee students cannot be replaced It is impossible to walk away from technology as it has already penetrated the society, particularly the process of acquiring education Exercise 6: (Đề thi thử thpt quốc gia 2015-Trường thpt Công Phương – Quảng Ngãi) Sample 1: When I read a book, I am swept away into my own little world discovering new things and imagining places only I can see It is a private dialogue between the author and me There is no one to criticize or question me I can read the book at my own speed and savor it every moment Books offer us the world We can learn about history, geography, famous and interesting people and different countries It is the cheapest form of travel that I know! I love to read a variety of authors and learn about new ideas and ways of expression I also try to read a variety of books, from romance to biographies and everything in between I especially like adventure stories because it is in here that I can really put my imagination to work! There is such a vast amount of information available in books From the early ages to our recent years we can continue to learn about a variety of topics and interests School textbooks offer us the basics for learning how to learn-from math to science, from language to arts Recently, my father and brother were interested in building a new table and chairs for our family's dinning room Neither one of them is a carpenter So how did they it, your might ask? They bought a book that showed them how! A good book truly merits respect whether it is a "how-to" book, a good novel or a school textbook Sample 2: >> Truy cập http://tuyensinh247.com để học Toán – Lý – Hóa – Sinh – VănAnh tốt nhất! 58 It is often said: “Tell me what you are reading and I will tell you who you are” For me, a good book is always a good teacher guiding me through life as well as a true companion encouraging me and consulting me in my desperate straits In fact, interesting books are a source of invaluable knowledge to those who want to master everything they haven‟t known before Through masterpieces all over the world we can realize the whole outstanding culture and civilization of mankind in every aspect such as literature, science, sociology, and so on Nobody denies the important role of good books in developing man‟s knowledge The more we read valuable books the more we become wise and experienced Next, good books are true companions who always share our joys and sorrows in our daily activities Are you in low spirits and disappointed in your affairs? Read wise advice through books by profound scholars and authors Are you sad? Read subtle humorous stories of well-known humorists in the world All your sorrows and disappointments will vanish at once In summary, good books help us train our personality They help us distinguish the Good from the Bad and they lead us to the True, the Good and the Beautiful Key: Exercise 7: (Đề thi thử thpt quốc gia 2015-Trường thpt Đông Hà – Quảng Trị) Sample: There are many ways for a child to get knowledge and to become a good member of the society Lots of people used to think that school is the best way to educate children, but nowadays they have changed their mind In my opinion, parents are the best teachers because they are those who understand their children most, they are always beside their children, and parents usually try to be good examples for their children to follow First of all, nobody can understand the children better than the parents They watch over their children from the early time, so they know what their son or daughter is thinking exactly, and what their characters or behaviors are Because of that, if the children make any mistakes, parents can more easily realize reasons and correct them on time After knowing what has been wrong with the children, parents then give useful advice to them It is the best way to teach and to explain what is right and what is wrong, what can be done and what cannot Thanks to their advice, the children can become more mature and stable Secondly, parents are always beside their children at any time In life, there will be moments that a person falls into difficulties or distress and it is parents who are always worried and take care of them, make them more optimistic about life Moreover, the children‟s personality can be best formed when they spend more time with their parents Every action from their mother or father will have a deep impact on how the children see the world and build up their feelings Because of that, they can realize the responsibility for their own children later In conclusion, the best teachers for children are their parents, who have taught them from the first lesson to many things in life with all their love and caring Parents are always beside their children at any time, in any case and most importantly, nobody can understand the children better than the parents Key: Exercise 8: (Đề thi thử THPT quốc gia - trường THPT chuyên Sư Phạm Hà Nội lần 3) >> Truy cập http://tuyensinh247.com để học Toán – Lý – Hóa – Sinh – VănAnh tốt nhất! 59 Khi viết cần ý: - Bố cục đoạn văn hợp lý, phần: đầu đoạn, thân kết đoạn - Ngữ pháp, từ vựng , cấu trúc phải xác - Dùng liên từ để đoạn văn mạch lạc Sample: Life will change in many ways in the future First of all, technology will improve our lives If any people wanted to read a newspaper they had to go to store and buy a newspaper then they could read it but now if anybody wants to read a newspaper, they don't have to go to a store, they can go to internet and they can read a newspaper online The technology will make people‟s life easier on the other hand it will make them lazy Secondly, schools will be more different from present in the future For example in the past there was no computers in schools but now in there are a lot of computers in schools Maybe robots will be teachers and they will explain them if students don't understand something The next point is that people are going to change For example: Now in present we have to all work in our house but in future robots are going to everything They are going to clean the house, and cook They going to everything that you need to in your home Now you have to drive your car but in the future you don't need to it because there will be flying cars In addition, new medicine will be discovered and it will save a lot of people‟s lives The medicine will cure the Aids virus and cancer so people will live longer and healthier I think life in the future will be different from present because of new technology Technology will be more advance in future, which will make people‟s lives more comfortable Key: Exercise 9: (Đề thi thử THPT quốc gia 2015 - trường THPT chuyên Sư Phạm Hà Nội lần 4) Nowadays, the role of women has become much more dominant than it used to be in the past It's a fact that the liberation of the women from domestic duties and subservient status has actually brought them an social position equal or superior to that of men Furthermore, it's easy to realize in Vietnam that women' role is still changing in both family and social functions in modern community for the better From archaic centuries in eastern countries like Vietnam, women have been underestimated for their feeble and forbearing nature Therefore, the sterner sex always claimed superiority of ability and looked down on the fair sex Only men could study and work while women must stay at home to take care of household duties That's what happened in the past, how about the moment? Of course, women still the housework but now the task is also shared with men In some families, the father help the wife to pick children up, arrange the furniture of the house, wash clothes or even cook meals It seems that domestic duties are ascribed to both men and women and women also have their own jobs like men Moreover, women also take part in many social positions of the communities There are female >> Truy cập http://tuyensinh247.com để học Toán – Lý – Hóa – Sinh – VănAnh tốt nhất! 60 ambassadors, ministers, commander-in-chiefs and senators in Vietnam They even achieve high positions in their companies or offices In my opinion, women are better managers than men, since they attain such mild and lenient delicacies to settle tense affairs in the most suitable, convenient way They also possess the calmness and composure to face with difficult, puzzling and urgent problems rather than being impatient like men In conclusion, women's role is becoming more and more prominent in the society Their functions cannot be active, they are and this will definitely make the world better Key: Exercise 10: (Đề thi thử THPT quốc gia 2015-trường THPT chuyên Sư Phạm Hà Nội lần 5) Nobody can deny the benefits of sports and physical exercises In fact, such sports as: swimming, jogging, jumping, playing tennis, football, basket − ball, volley − ball, skating, skiing etc bring us a well − proportioned body When we practise a certain sport, our muscles are developed; blood circulates easily in blood vessels therefore we'll have a good appetite and a sound sleep As for me, my favourite sport is jogging in the morning and playing tennis in the afternoon By practicing these sports regularly I always feel fit and never get sick Health is much more precious than money We can't lead a happy life if we are continually tortured by diseases Try to keep a clear mind in a healthy body and get accustomed to regular practice of certain sports, we'll feel life worth living Key: Exercise 11: (Đề thi thử THPT quốc gia 2015-trường THPT chuyên Sư Phạm Hà Nội lần 6) My hobby is reading books I inherited a valuable collection of books from my deceased father and up till now my cultural treasures have been preserved carefully Reading books broadens my mind improves my knowledge They help me distinguish the bad from the good and prevent me from doing wrong Reading books brings me minutes of happiness and pleasures I have found a source of consolation and encouragement in books when I am in despair They're my true companions indeed How relieved and comforted I feel when I can find in good books good teachers and friends! Instead of indulging myself in futile entertainments, I often absorbed in reading interesting books which always have miracles to soothe my sorrows and hardships and reveal to me strange and new horizons Key: Exercise 12: (Đề thi thử THPT quốc gia 2015- trường THPT chuyên Sư Phạm Hà Nội lần 7) It is very true when people say that high school is the best the four years of your life for some reasons First of all, you will have a chance to widen your knowledge, and be mature day by day Secondly, you meet so many new people, from all walks of life, and from all over the world during high school You will love some of them, but others not so much Besides, you will fall in >> Truy cập http://tuyensinh247.com để học Toán – Lý – Hóa – Sinh – VănAnh tốt nhất! 61 and out of love, lose and gain friends, and make too many memories to count After that, you are excited that you will be graduating, but you will be leaving a family that welcomed you with open arms for four years This is an opportunity for you to get a good job with a good degree It is believed that high school is truly the best time of your life Key: Exercise 13: (Đề thi thử thpt quốc gia năm 2015 – trường THPT chuyên Nguyễn Huệ lần 4) Example : Technology is so increasingly advanced that going to school may be unnecessary for future education However, traditional schools still offer more indispensable benefits that outweigh technology First and foremost, direct guide from lecturers can make learning more easily and seriously Teachers‟ voice, eye contact and varied teaching methods make the lesson more interesting to listen to Students can also satisfied by chances of exchanging more information and receiving greater care from teachers Besides, with teachers‟ assignment and homework, more pressure is placed on study Another advantage to mention is the development of related skills when going to school Schools are mini societies that promote communication skill as well as relationship among students through daily school- preparation and conversation Last but not least, studying at traditional school is much healthier Instead of sitting at home for hours to learn, learners have to travel and play at break Their eyes will be less affected while their body are more energetic In sum, traditional schools provide better study environment than technological study at home Key: Exercise 14: (Đề thi thử THPT quốc gianăm 2015 trường THPT chuyên Vinh lần 2) Tet is a traditional holiday of our country Vietnam The season of Tet occurs around the beginning of January and end of February The meaning of Tet is ending old year and welcoming a new year Tet holiday is very special for Vietnamese families to reunite At that time, all the family members try to come back their homes and get together to prepare for Tet Moreover, they will buy new clothes and clean their house A branch of Mai flower or a Kumquat tree can't be absent They bring a fresh atmosphere to the house We decorate the ancestral altar with a tray full of fruits and flowers Some typical foods are sweets, coconut jam, candied fruits, lemon seeds, rice cake, stew pork with eggs A traditional and special food on Tet holiday is sticky rice cake Tet meal is more delicious than ours every day On Tet holiday, people have many typical activities Young people take part in the traditional games such as: tug, cooking rice, cock fighting, watching lion dance Many people visit relatives to wish a happy new year Adults will give lucky money for children Women like going to the pagoda to wish good things will come to their families In my opinion, I like cozy and fresh Tet's atmosphere All family's members talk together about a happy new year I can hang out with my friend and don't worry about anything " Tet" holiday is always in Vietnamese's heart Key: Exercise 15: (Đề thi thử THPT quốc gia 2015-trường THPT chuyên Vinh lần 3) >> Truy cập http://tuyensinh247.com để học Toán – Lý – Hóa – Sinh – VănAnh tốt nhất! 62 Travelling becomes more popular for some reasons First of all, traveling gives us the opportunity to disconnect from our regular life You get to forget your problems/issues for a few weeks, it can also help you figure things out that you would not have understood without the distance traveling can give you Another great benefit is the relaxation you get to It‟s nice to live life to its fullest and enjoy a stress free time with yourself Going on vacation lets us recharge our “batteries” by disconnecting us from our regular life Traveling increases our knowledge and widens our perspective To view new customs, different ways of living is fantastic for the mind It gives us a new perspective about life and especially our life, it can help us change some of our habits or even create new ones Feel free to let me know how traveling helped you out, what new experiences you lived and how they helped you in your life Key: Exercise 16: (Đề thi thử THPT quốc gia - Trường THPT chuyên Thái Nguyên lần năm 2015) It is said that reading books is important in our life Indeed, without reading, we can have many troubles in the future Firstly, book is an endless source of knowledge In fact, if you are a student, the teacher's explanations are not enough for you You should read books to understand the lessons better and exercises better Not only students but also doctors, scientists, businessmen, etc need to read more books Secondly, books bring us joy and encouragements as a consoler You have once been in bad mood in your life, haven't you? Why don't you read humorous stories which will make you happier In conclusion, reading is the best way to get access to living experiences Key: Exercise 17: (Đề thi thử THPT quốc gia 2015-Trường thpt Sơn Tây lần 1) There are a number of measures that should be taken to protect endangered animals First, we should organize different activities to raise people`s awareness of the need to protect these animals Second, governments should raise sufficient funds for projects to save endangered animals Moreover, humans had better keep water, air, and land clean to preserve natural habitats for wild and endangered animals In addition, Governments should have a good policy to improve the life of people who live in or near endangered animals‟ habitats Next, organizations in the world must enact laws requiring some countries to protect endangered animals Then, Governments should ban people to exploit and sell fashionable wildlife products Finally, Governments had better establish more wildlife habitat reserves to preserve endangered animals In summary, we should take as many measures as possible to protect rare and endangered animals Key: Exercise 18: (Đề thi thử THPT quốc gia 2015-Trường thpt Ngô Quyền) There are a number of measures that should be taken to protect endangered animals First, people should organize different activities to raise people's awareness of the urgent needs to protect these animals For example, they hold international conferences, seminars and forums about the great importance of ecology and biodiversity At the same time, they should appeal for >> Truy cập http://tuyensinh247.com để học Toán – Lý – Hóa – Sinh – VănAnh tốt nhất! 63 government agencies in the world to contribute to the programs of protecting and preserving plants and animals that are driven to the verge of extinction In addition, people should contribute to the fund of preserving the earth's valuable natural resources for the future generations Besides these, governments should enact laws to ban activities that can damage or destroy the nature If these measures are taken, our planet might be a peaceful and beautiful place for all kinds of beings to live in Key: Exercise 19: (Đề thi thử THPT quốc gia 2015- Sở GD ĐT Thanh Hóa) Mô tả tiêu chí đánh giá Bố cục - 0.40 Câu đề dẫn chủ đề mạch lạc (Câu chủ đề (Topic sentence) nêu ý đoạn văn Bố cục hợp lí rõ ràng phù hợp yêu cầu đề thể câu kết luận (Concluding sentence) tóm tắt ý đoạn văn, đưa gợi ý, quan điểm hay dự đoán Phát triển ý - Điểm tối đa 0.25 Phát triển ý trình tự logic dẫn chứng, ví dụ, … đủ để bảo vệ ý kiến (Nêu lý lương, điều kiện làm việc, khả bàn thân, hội cống hiến, đóng góp thuận lợi khác mà công việc mang lại cho mình.) Sử dụng ngôn từ 0.30 - Sử dụng ngôn từ phù hợp nội dung - Sử dụng ngôn từ văn phong/thể loại - Sử dụng từ nối ý cho viết uyển chuyển Nội dung 0.30 Đủ thuyết phục người đọc Đủ dẫn chứng, ví dụ, lập luận Độ dài: số từ không nhiều so với quy định 5% Ngữ pháp, đấu câu, tả 0.25 - >> Truy cập http://tuyensinh247.com để học Toán – Lý – Hóa – Sinh – VănAnh tốt nhất! 64 - - Sử dụng dấu câu Chính tả: viết tả + Lỗi tả gây hiểu nhầm/sai lệch ý bị tính lỗi (trừ 1% điểm viết) + Cùng lỗi tả lặp lại tính lỗi Sử dụng thời, thể, cấu trúc câu ngữ pháp Tổng 1.50 Key: Exercise 20: (Đề thi thử THPT quốc gia 2015-Trường thpt Nguyễn Tất Thành lần 2) Sample 1: A father Of all the people I have encountered in my life, the person I admire the most is my father the reason I admire him that much is for the simple fact of him being not just my father, my dad As a wise man once said "Anyone can be a father, but it takes a real man to be a dad." I believe not every father can be a dad it takes courage, strength, responsibility, patience, acceptance, love, justice, reliability and much more and my dad has shown this virtues in everyday life experiences, in spite of the situation we are in, he never looses himself Once I remember I was sick so I had to stay home in bed Since my dad had a lot of work to he left early, and told me he would be back late When he got to the office he called me and asked me how I was doing, i answered I wasn't doing so good, and 15 days later he was back home because he was worried about me I saw him working at the same time that he was taking care of me Even though I was only 10 years old, that is when i realized how much time and work he gives up for me My dad grew in a close family surrounded by love He was a person full of questions, but as he grew older, he became wiser in many ways, and it was only a matter of time for him to get the the answer to all these questions Sample 2: A grandfather Everyone has a person to admire and to be inspired So I I really admire my Grandpa He passed away years ago but in my heart, I always feel like he‟s still alive His life experiences inspired me and made my life become better The terrible war had stolen his right arm and his respectful father when he was just a young boy Life brought lots of difficulties and pain to his soul but he never gave up He used them like the motivation to promote himself to keep trying and learning hard He told me that I shouldn‟t be afraid of failure because it can help me to grow up and it built who he was at that time He was a daring and independent young man to find a job and make money by himself His job was to teach at a school for disabilities, the people like him He helped them with his huge warm and generous heart He was really confident, patient and intelligent He had found lots of way to help those cowardly people to become braver and happier He had been spending the rest of his life helping and curing unlucky people He was like Uncle Ho‟s look-alike He was a serious and strict person but sometimes humorous and really emotional He is a great emotion in my soul The memories of him really bring tears to my eyes >> Truy cập http://tuyensinh247.com để học Toán – Lý – Hóa – Sinh – VănAnh tốt nhất! 65 every time I think of However, they‟re not the tears of pain and sadness, they are made from pride, gratitude and nostalgia Sample 3: An English teacher When I was seven years old, I've admired my English teacher She was Lan She had long, black ponytail hair, brown eyes The first time I studied English, I was very scared and I don't know what did she look like But when I was walking into the classroom, I saw her gentle' face and it made me felt safe and friendly During I was studying with her, I really like her She was carefully to teach me and some children has the same age as me She taught me how to read, how to write and how to sing the English songs She was very clever She usually made and played some new games with us if we had finished our lessons And she was very beautiful She's slim and tall Her clothes are normal like for example: a pink t-shirt with blue jeans, She was wise, too She always told me the hard words that I asked her She was confident and that why she was a beautiful and friendly teacher But I'm very bored now because I haven't studied with her for ages If one day I've bump into her, I'll ask her a lot of questions Key: Exercise 21: (Đề thi thử THPT quốc gia 2015-Trường thpt Chuyên ĐH Vinh lần 1) Đáp ứng yêu cầu đề bài: Đúng dạng đoạn văn(chứ luận), độ dài (ít 80 từ), miêu tả hoạt động ưa thích vào thời gian rỗi (ví dụ: xem tivi, nghe nhạc…) Sự liên kết mạch lạc (cấu trúc đoạn văn: câu chủ đề, câu phát triển ý, câu kết , sử dụng phương tiện từ liên kết ý với nhau….) Từ vựng: đa dạng, tránh lặp đi, lặp lại, ngữ cảnh; tả, kết hợp từ Ngữ pháp: đa dạng cấu trúc ngữ pháp, thời, hòa hợp chủ-vị… Key: Exercise 22: (Đề thi thử thpt quốc gia 2015-Trường thpt Chuyên Huỳnh Mẫn Đạt) Environment contains water, soil, air, which are necessary to all of the livings Therefore, we are trying to find solutions to environmental pollution People should stop cutting trees for timber instead of planting trees and forests Besides, people should reduce using cars, motorbikes that cause noise and air pollution The next measure is that we should prevent farmers from using fertilizers and pesticides that damage soil In addition, people should not leave litter on land and in water and we should prohibit factories from dumping industrial waste into rivers and lakes It is high time governments had suitable measures that require companies, as well as individuals, to stop cutting down and polluting activities Key: Exercise 23: (Đề thi thử thpt quốc gia 2015-Trường thpt Chuyên KHTN lần 5) >> Truy cập http://tuyensinh247.com để học Toán – Lý – Hóa – Sinh – VănAnh tốt nhất! 66 I love reading novels My hobby of reading novels started two years ago when my sister gave me a novel as a birthday present - The Davinci code At first, I had no interest in reading such a long book at all However, due to that novel's fame, I tried to finish it, which finally became my favorite novel In another word, I was given a passion for novels, especially detective novels Since then, I often dedicate myself to reading novels When reading, I feel absorbed in thrilling situations, complex logic and unusual plots Novels are now what I not mind about the cost and the time to spend on Key: Exercise 24: (Đề thi thử thpt quốc gia 2015-Trường thtp Chuyên Long An) My dream of becoming a doctor has formed in me since I was a child when my mother took me to hospital to visit my grandfather who had just suffered a heart attack Looking at my grandfather‟s face distorted by the pain, I felt sorry for him and at that very moment I decided to be a doctor As I progressed in school and maturity, my interests evolved into the peopleoriented aspects of medicine In retrospect, this interest in people was manifested in many of my extracurricular activities whose central theme was helping people of all ages undergoing heart disease During my experience at the SOS Hospital, I gained profound insight into the healing relationship between patient and doctor and perceived the euphoria when seeing my efforts had worked out Now, I‟m trying my best to accumulate and improve my medical knowledge, experiences to become a devoted doctor later Key: Exercise 25: (Đề thi thử thpt quốc gia 2015-Trường thpt Chuyên nguyễn Bỉnh Khiêm) English is the international language of business In order to discuss our country's products and services with other people as well as to entice investment from foreign lands, we must so in English To communicate our thoughts and ideas to other cultures, the best tool is English Communication is our link to the outside world and, in turn, our chance at economic growth Most leading countries in the world either speak English or have English as their second language There are the countries that have the resources, technology and knowledge to help us grow We are also invited to learn so much from English speakers We can experience the foods of Ireland, the natural resources of Canada, the monuments of the U.S., the desert 'areas of Australia or the best fishing ports in New Zealand, just by talking with, these citizens We, in turn, can also express our feelings and interests about Vietnam The sharing of this kind of information is a bridge to long term friendships with people from all over the world Key: Exercise 26: (Đề thi thử thpt quốc gia 2015-Trường THPT Nam Đàn 2) Tet is a traditional holiday of our country Vietnam The season of Tet occurs around the beginning of January and end of February The meaning of Tet is ending old year and welcoming a new year Tet holiday is very special for Vietnamese families to reunite At that time, all the family members try to come back their homes and get together to prepare for Tet Moreover, >> Truy cập http://tuyensinh247.com để học Toán – Lý – Hóa – Sinh – VănAnh tốt nhất! 67 they will buy new clothes and clean their house A branch of Mai flower or a Kumquat tree can't be absent They bring a fresh atmosphere to the house We decorate the ancestral altar with a tray full of fruits and flowers Some typical foods are sweets, coconut jam, candied fruits, lemon seeds, rice cake, stew pork with eggs A traditional and special food on Tet holiday is sticky rice cake Tet meal is more delicious than ours every day On Tet holiday, people have many typical activities Young people take part in the traditional games such as: tug, cooking rice, cock fighting, watching lion dance Many people visit relatives to wish a happy new year Adults will give lucky money for children Women like going to the pagoda to wish good things will come to their families In my opinion, I like cozy and fresh Tet's atmosphere All family's members talk together about a happy new year I can hang out with my friend and don't worry about anything " Tet" holiday is always in Vietnamese's heart Key: Exercise 27: (Đề thi thử thpt quốc gia 2015-Trường thpt Trần Phú lần 2) After graduating upper secondary school, the job I like best is to become a student at University of Languages International and Studies, and I want to be an English teacher in the future The reason I choose this job is that I would like to provide children with my knowledge, as well as communication skills I get Besides, teaching makes a difference in children, because I give them tools to help them be successful in the future The next reason is that I feel s lot of schools in the community need hard working, caring, and responsible teachers, and I want to become a part of it My duty is to study hard so that I can pass the next entrance examination, which is a basic key to keep me close to my dream Key: Exercise 28: (Đề thi thử thpt quốc gia 2015-Trường thpt Trần Phú – Hà Tĩnh) Probably the joint 17th birthday party I had with a friend and my parents had left for the evening It was absolutely packed and filled with underage drinkers As someone who gets pretty nervous in busy social situations I drank a lot in order to calm my nerves so I was absolutely wasted pretty much before anyone even arrived Meanwhile my dog, who had bowel cancer and so got diarrhea a lot, was upstairs in a room with my younger brother and friends Somehow amidst the crazy that was my house, the dog got free from the room and proceeded to shit everywhere, and I mean, fucking everywhere My house is almost entirely covered in cream carpets, and given the sheer amount of drunk teenagers, it managed to spread everywhere, and it stank like Satans asshole All hell broke loose and it was amidst this that the police turned up, apparently prank called from my house, and I was found historically laughing attempting to clean the shit with a wet wipe In the end we had to get a lot of the carpets replaced, and was banned from ever having a party in the house again Key: Exercise 29: (Đề thi thử thpt quốc gia 2015-Trường thpt Chuyên Nguyễn Quang Diệu) >> Truy cập http://tuyensinh247.com để học Toán – Lý – Hóa – Sinh – VănAnh tốt nhất! 68 As you know, many animal species, however, are in danger of extinction to day The reason causing the decrease in the number of animals is mainly from human beings It is high time we must take some measures to protect endangered animals Firstly, we should educate people from the young age about the importance of wild animals in maintain the ecosystem and biodiversity Young people should be educated how to protect our environment in general and how to protect endangered animals in particular This should be included in their curriculum at school Secondly, the governments all over the world should set up national parks and wild-life preserves as many as possible Thanks to these places, animals will have a suitable habitat to survive and good conditions to grow and multiply There they can be kept in a natural and safe environment Last but not least, each nation must enforce stricter law with more serious punishment- capital punishment, for example- to prevent people from poaching rare and valuable animals In general, each of us has the responsibility for protecting and saving endangered species before it is too late 2/ In the past several decades, the status of women has been greatly improved People‟s concept also has changed dramatically The meaning of women's role is a part of function assumed in life Nowadays, women play an important part in modern society Many women are going into professions, such as medicine, law and engineering They comprise a large part of the workers in businesses and factories In addition, they are working up to important positions which used to be held mainly by men There are even some businesses which are run completely be women Clearly, women are making outstanding contributions to the progress of modern society This essay show that women had great change of their society role in the past several years and also this change have positive effects on women such as women can gain good education, have fair opportunity on job market, increase position at home In conclusion, women's role is becoming more and more prominent in the society Their functions cannot be active, they are and this will definitely make the world better Key: Exercise 30: (Đề thi thử thpt quốc gia 2015-Trường thpt Sơn Tây lần 3) Sample : A cool teacher The person I admire most is my grade teacher, Ms Muir She was my inspiration She was a poet and gave me ideas for my stories I followed in the footsteps of Ms Muir because she was fun and loved reading and writing just as much as I Ms Muir always gave me guidance, encouragement and a whole lot of enjoyable things to in grade four! Also, if something happened that bothered me or annoyed me, Ms Muir did the best she could to fix the problem, whatever it was In grade four, during Writing Workshop, Ms Muir encouraged my friend and me to write a book after we told her our idea On a previous blog homework in grade 5, about why Kindree is the best, I wrote a poem Believe it or not, the idea of writing that poem was inspired by Ms Muir and her love of poetry Ms Muir was an awesome teacher who motivated me I really admire Ms Muir and she inspires me >> Truy cập http://tuyensinh247.com để học Toán – Lý – Hóa – Sinh – VănAnh tốt nhất! 69 Sample 2: A father The person I admire most in my life is my dad He is my role model My dad takes me everywhere he goes My dad is very good at everything I admire the way he dresses I also admire the way he deals with his problems He takes me to soccer and stuff like that He wants me to know everything he knows and even more Everyone in my family look up to him my dad loves helping in the way he can When I get hurt or fell sad, he shows me the way out Whenever I break my glasses, he fixes them My dad always has good listening ears and I can talk to him about everything He always gives good advice I will always love my dad, a good inspiration Key: Exercise 31: (Đề thi thử thpt quốc gia 2015-Sở GD & ĐT tỉnh Vĩnh Phúc lần 5) Health is considered to be the most valuable thing one possesses And the simplest, cheapest, but the most effective way to better one‟s health is doing regular exercise One advantage of doing exercise is to reduce stress Doing regular exercise helps the body produce happy chemicals that make the exercisers reduce the worries about life and work as well as forget the boredom and unhappiness Another benefit exercising brings us is that we will feel more energetic to face and overcome our daily difficulties Doing exercise helps us reduce the possibilities of being ill, protects us from some fatal diseases as heart disease, cancers and diabetes Regular exercisers are believed to have healthier, happier and longer lives The other good thing is that doing exercise helps us feel more self-confident We know exactly what we can or what abilities, talents we have We will think positively, confidently, and lead an optimistic life if we practice exercising regularly Controlling our weight effectively is another value Perspiration occurs when we exercise, which helps our bodies get rid of bad things inside Fats are burnt during our practicing exercise, which helps us to keep fit To sum up, doing exercise enables people to have good body-buildings, keep fit and brings exercisers many benefits Sparing time doing exercise will ensure us a longer, healthier and happier life Key: Exercise 32: (Đề thi thử thpt quốc gia 2015-Trường thpt quốc gia Nguyễn Bình – Quảng Ninh) Sample: We gain our knowledge about the world and our life from two sources: from experience and from books These two resources are both important, but which of them is more important? Knowledge from books forms a very important part of our knowledge structure In schools and colleges, we learn knowledge which is fundamental to our future career We learn knowledge from books in order to make our contributions to this society in the future A student learns mathematic equations and other scientific knowledge and become a scientist or engineer We >> Truy cập http://tuyensinh247.com để học Toán – Lý – Hóa – Sinh – VănAnh tốt nhất! 70 will be illiterate and ignorant without learning knowledge from books Moreover, we acquire knowledge about life and the world by reading books, magazines and newspapers This is also very important as we cannot experience everything all by ourselves Therefore books are a very important source of knowledge On the other hand, we can't learn everything from a book “Experience is the best teacher” is an old cliché, but I agree with it The most important, and sometimes the hardest, lessons we learn in life come from our participation in situations We learn how to get along with others or how to have self-respect from our experience, not from books We cannot learn emotional feelings, such as love and care, through books; they come from our real life experience Knowledge from experience is also a very important supplement to knowledge from books Needless to say both learning sources, books and experience, are very important to us But in my opinion knowledge from experience is more important, because without knowledge from experience, it is impossible to get a real understanding of knowledge from books, and how to apply this knowledge to real world situations Key: Exercise 33: (Đề thi thử thpt quốc gia 2015-Trường thpt Quảng La-Quảng Ninh lần 4) A sample writing: I like swimming It is my favorite sport, for I know that it is healthy as well as a good chance for a person to exercise his or her body Last Sunday morning, as the weather was fine, I went to Ha Long with my family It took us about two hour by car to arrive at our destination, and I felt very excited about it When our car reached the top of the cliff overlooking the Bay, I admired the golden sand of the long beach, the blue sky and water, and the splendid country surroundings which looked like an artist‟s painting We put on our bathing-suits and ran into the water It was a very happy swim for me We played ball, challenged each other in swimming a certain distance Of course, I was always beaten by my bigger brothers but I was satisfied with my good effort When we felt tired, we lay down on the beach to rest and to have some sunbath At about noon, we returned to our tent and had lunch About p.m we went once more into the water and swam till p.m Finally, we got ready to start for home Everyone was delighted to have spent such a wonderful swim I really enjoyed swimming very much >> Truy cập http://tuyensinh247.com để học Toán – Lý – Hóa – Sinh – VănAnh tốt nhất! 71 ... before it >> Truy cập http://tuyensinh247.com để học Toán – Lý – Hóa – Sinh – Văn – Anh tốt nhất! The students regretted that they had missed the lecture The students regretted not The... hair last Tuesday ( Had )  Mary _ last Tuesday Exercise 8: (Đề thi thử THPT quốc gia 2015-trường THPT chuyên Sư Phạm Hà Nội lần 5) Question 1: Students may not park here Students are... 4: “Don‟t forget to check the internet for an application to our college,” the counselor told the students → The counselor reminded …………………………………………………………… Question 5: People say that nine crew
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