IDEAS for IELTS topics by IELTS fighter

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1 Mt s hoọt ng hot ca IELTS Fighter thi gian ti Thi th IELTS k nng phớ tng b sỏch IELTS Fighter biờn soọn(t ngy 01 n 31/03/2017) ởng k tham gia tọi:https://goo.gl/xbwspc Offline IELTS Fighter lổn th 24 (ngy 25+26 / /2017) ởng k tham gia tọi:https://goo.gl/zM197k Lu : Cỏc ch ữ offline sụ thay i theo s lổn offline Live stream chia s v IELTS tọi fanpage IELTS Fighter Theo dừi tọi: https://www.facebook.com/ielts.fighter/ Lch khai giõng tọi IELTS Fighter Xem chi tiứt: https://goo.gl/f8E7yW IELTS Fighter trung tõm luyn thi IELTS hng ổu Vit Nam C s 1: 254 Hong Vn Thỏi Thnh Xuõn H Nụi C s 2: 44 Trổn Quc Hon Cổu Giỗy H Ni C s 3: 410 Xó n ng a H Ni C s 4: 350 ng 3/2Quờn 10 TP H Chớ Mỡnh Website: http://ielts-fighter.com Fanpage: https://www.facebook.com/ielts.fighter Li núi ổu: Cỏc em thõn mứn, Trong cun IELTS Writing task IELTS Fighter biờn soọn cỏc thổy c ó dnh thi gian núi khỏ rừ viỷc lửn tng cho mt bi thi Viứt IELTS Cụtrớch lọi oọn sau ự cỏc em hiựu r hn tổm quan trng ca Ideas nhộ: Chớnh vỡ vờy m cỏc thổy cụ tọi IELTS Fighter ó chung tay cng biờn soọn cun sỏch Ideas for IELTS topics ự giỳp cỏc em cú thờm ý cho IELTS Writing task Cun sỏch c tham khõo t cun sỏch vữ Ideas for IELTS ca tỏc giõAdam Smith v Simon, nhiờn cỏc thổy c ó chỵnh sa lọi cho phự hp vi cỏc hc sinh Viỷt Nam ự giỳp cỏc em hc tờp tt hn c biỷt, cun sỏch cn c cỏc thổy cụ dnh rỗt nhiữu thi gian v cụng sc ự giõi thớch cỏc ideas v ghi chỳ cỏc t vng cựng cỏc cm t liờn quan ự giỳp cỏc em hc tờp tt hn Cun sỏch c b trý nh sau: Trong : Phổn 1: Cỏc topic thng xuỗt hiỷn IELTS (gm 24 topics) Phổn 2: Cỏc vỗn ữ thng gp Topics Phổn 3: Cỏc ideas c nờu cho vỗn ữ trờn Phổn 4: Giõi thớch cỏc ideas v cỏc t vng, i kủm vi cỏc ideas trờn Nh vờy, vi xõy dng ti liỷu nh trửn cng nh cỏc ch ữ xuyờn sut ca IETLS thỡ cỏc thổy cụ tin rỡng cỏc em hon ton cú thự ự chinh phc iựm cao cho phổn thi IELTS Writing task ồy sụ l ti liỷu khụng thự thiứu luyỷn Viứt IELTS m trung tõm dnh tng cỏc em nhộ! Mt s im lu ý s dng ti liu: Cỏc em nờn s dng kốm vi cỏc ti liu IELTS Writing khỏc - ồy l ti liỷu s dng ự lỗy ý (ideas) cho phổn thi IELTS Writing task nờn cỏc em cổn phõi cổn cú cỏc ti liỷu khỏc ữ luyỷn k nởng Viứt ca mỡnh - Cỏc em cú thự tham khõo thờm b ti liỷu IELTS Writing ca IELTS Fighter (inbox fanpage ự hng dộn cỏch nhờn b ti liỷu nhộ) Khi no nờn hc IELTS Writing? - Cỏc em lu rỡng, Writing l k nởng (phổn ny c ó ni khỏ k trờn fanpage ri) nờn cỏc em Beginner thỡ khụng nờn hc IELTS Writing m tờp trung vo Listening v Reading l k nởng vo Khi ọt ti band iựm 4,0-4,5 thỹ cỏc em nửn tờp tnh vi Writing bỡng task v task sau - Ngoi ra, cỏc em hc Listening v Reading sụ cõi thiỷn khỏ nhiữu phổn ideas cng nh cỏc k nởng khỏc ự b tr cho IELTS Writing v Speaking Cun sỏch phự hp vi IELTS Speaking (part cue card) - Cun sỏch c biờn soọn ự cỏc em hon ton cú thự s dng cho phổn thi IELTS Speaking, nhiửn cỏc em nửn lu phổn Speaking l vởn ni ự ỏp dng tt hn nhũ! Cụ Tr My thổy Dng Trung tõm luyỷn thi IELTS Fighter QUYN SCH NY DNH CHO AI? IDEAS for IELTS Topics l quyựn sỏch phự hp cho cỏc giỏo viờn v hc viờn cú ớt thi gian cho viỷc luyỷn thi IELTS Cun sỏch ny cng ph hp vi nhng hc viửn tng hoc ý kiứn vữ cỏc ch ữ thng gp phổn thi Viứt ca IELTS Lu rỡng, cho dự ng phỏp ca bọn cú hon hõo i chởng na thỡ bọn cng sụ khng ọt c iựm cao nứu bọn khụng biứt viứt vữ cỏi gỡ Quyựn sỏch ny nhỡm giỳp cỏc bọn hc viờn t tin rỡng h cú nhng tng, ý kiứn, v t vng tuyỷt vi vữ nhiữu ch ữ k thi IELTS writing LM TH NO T 7.0 IELTS HOC CAO HN? Bớ quyứt ự ọt c iựm cao phổn thi IELTS writing khụng chỵ l ng phỏp, khụng chỵ l viỷc dung cỏc t nh moreover, in addition, khng chỵ l viỷc dung cỏc cm nh this is controversial issue nowadays, m cn l viỷc bọn cổn phõi s dng cỏc topic language mt cỏch phự hp Topic language ồy c hiựu l cỏc t hoc cm t cú liờn quan ứn ch ữ cõu hi Bọn cổn nhng tng tt ự trõ li tt mt cõu hi LM TH NO CHUN B CHO IELTS WRITING TASK 2? Cú rỗt nhiữu li khuyửn c a quyựn sỏch ny Di ồy ti xin tm tớt lọi nhng iữu m ti ữ xuỗt: Dnh nhiu thi gian chun b hn l lm bi kim tra Khi chỳng ta lm mt bi test, chỳng ta sụ xỏc nh c nởng lc ca mỡnh hiỷn ang mc no Tuy nhiờn, chỳng ta khụng hc thửm c iữu gỡ mi cõ Bọn sụ khụng thự cõi thiỷn c nứu bọn chỵ viứt cỏc bi essays Trc viứt mt essay, chỳng ta nờn nghiờn cu ch ữ v chuốn b ý tng, ý kiứn, v t vng Sao chộp ý tng ca tụi (gii thiu cun sỏch ny) Nứu bọn chỵ s dng cỏc t vng m bọn ó biứt, bọn sụ khụng hc thờm c iữu gỡ mi, v sụ khụng thự no cõi thiỷn c nởng lc ca mỡnh iữu bọn cổn lm l thc hnh kứt ni cỏc tng ca tụi lọi vi v viứt mt essay hon hõo S dng quyn sỏch ny cựng cỏc ti liu khỏc ca @ILETS Fighter Cun sỏch ny i kủm vi cỏc b ti liỷu chớnh Trung tõm luyỷn thi IELTS Fighter biờn soọn c biỷt l b ti liỷu IELTS Writing task 1+2 Cỏc bọn cú thự dỳ dng tỡm thỗy v tõi miỳn phớ cỏc ti liỷu ny tọi website v fanpage ca IELTS Fighter Mt s ti liỷu khỏc i kủm vi b sỏch IETLS Fighter tng hp v biờn soọn ự cỏc bọn cú thự hc tt hn: Cun IELTS Writing target 7+ task Cun IELTS Writing target 7+ task Cun IELTS Writing t A-Z Cun tng hpbi mu IELTS Writing task 1+2 LM TH NO S DNG NHNG í TNG NY? Mt nhng cỏch bọn cú thự lm l luyỷn tờp viứt cỏc oọn vởn s dng cỏc tng sỏch ny Sau ồy l mt vi ý tng v ch The benefits of mobile phones: The mobile phone is the most popular gadget in todays world We can stay in touch with family, friends and colleagues wherever we are Users can send text messages, surf the Internet, take photos and listen to music Mobiles have also become fashion accessories Mobile phones have revolutionized the way we communicate Bng cỏch kt ni nhng ý tng ny v thờm tht mt vi th, chỳng ta cú th vit mt oọn nh sau: The mobile phone has become the most popular gadget in todays world The reason for this is that it is portable and versatile Mobile phones are now carried at all times by most people, allowing us to stay in touch with family, friends and colleagues wherever we are Furthermore, they now have many more functions than a standard telephone; mobile phone users can send text messages, surf the Internet, take photos and listen to music, as well as making calls Mobiles have become fashion accessories, and they have revolutionized the way we communicate (93 words) T í TNG N ON VN Khi Viứt IELTS, chng ta nửn dnh thi gian lửn tng cho nhng oọn vởn phổn thồn bi trc bớt ổu vo viứt(xem li cun sỏch IELTS Writing target 7+ tỡm hiu k hn) Bồy gi hóy cng tỹm hiựu cỏch kứt ni nhng tng lọi vi ự tọo thnh mt oọn vởn honh chỵnh qua vý d di ồy ồy l cồu hi: The main reason people go to work is to earn money To what extent you agree or disagree? Sau ồy l cỏc ý tng cho mt oọn vn: Agree that money is the main reason people work People look at salary first, they rarely take a salary cut Need to live, pay bills, food etc Look after our families, save for the future Otherwise, most people would probably choose not to work Kt ni nhng ý tng trờn, chỳng ta cú oọn nh sau: I agree that the majority of people work in order to earn money Before taking any other factors into account, it is normal to first consider the salary that a particular post offers, and it is rare to hear of a person who happily takes a cut in pay when beginning a new job We all need money to pay for our basic necessities, such as accommodation, bills and food Many adults also have families who depend on the wages they earn, and at the same time they are conscious of the need to save for the future If we no longer needed money, I doubt most of us would choose to continue in our jobs.(116 words) Contents ADVERTISING 11 ANIMAL RIGHTS 16 CITIES 22 CRIME 26 EDUCATION 35 ENVIRONMENT 57 FAMILY 68 GENDER 76 GENETIC ENGINEERING 81 10 GLOBAL ISSUES 86 11 GOVERNMENT AND SOCIETY 94 12 GUNS AND WEAPONS 106 13 HEALTH 116 14 HOUSING AND ARCHITECTURE 129 15 LANGUAGE 133 16 MONEY 136 17 PERSONALITY 141 18 SPORT AND LEISURE 148 19 TELEVISION, INTERNET, PHONES 157 20 TOURISM 168 21 TRADITIONAL VS MODERN 174 22 TRANSPORT 177 23 WATER 184 24 WORK 191 10 The benefits of not staying in the same job for life People often change jobs in order to further their career Another company may offer a promotion or a higher salary People who change jobs can gain more experience They can learn different skills Changing jobs is interesting and challenging People can retrain in a different occupation In a fast-changing world, workers need to be flexible People need to develop a wider range of experience and skills People often change jobs in order to further their career further (v): ốy mọnh, xỳc tiứn = advance = expedite = promote = hasten Another company may offer a promotion or a higher salary to offer sb sth: ữ ngh cho mt iữu gỹ = to grant sb sth to be offered sth: c ữ ngh mt iữu gỹ = to be granted sth People who change jobs can gain more experience gain experience: cú thờm kinh nghiỷm gain (v): c c, ọt c = acquire = attain = earn = obtain They can learn different skills different (a): khỏc biỷt = dissimilar = contrasting 193 = disparate = distinct Changing jobs is interesting and challenging challenging (a): mang tớnh thỏch thc challenge (v) (n): thỏch thc, th thỏch to challenge sb to sth: thỏch thc vữ iữu gỹ to accept a challenge: chỗp nhờn li thỏch thc / th thỏch = to take up a challenge People can retrain in a different occupation occupation (n): nghữ nghiỷp, cụng viỷc = profession = job = work = business to retrain in sth: o tọo lọi lnh vc no In a fast-changing world, workers need to be flexible flexible (a): linh ng, linh hoọt = adaptable = responsive People need to develop a wider range of experience and skills a wide range of sth: mt loọt nhng cỏi gỹ , loọi Self-employment Nowadays, it is easy to set up a company The internet provides a global marketplace Self-employment offers greater freedom than working for a company However, there are risks to starting a new business Self-employed people may face financial difficulties 194 Many businesses fail to make a profit There is less stability in self-employment There are no benefits like pensions, sick pay and holiday pay Self-employment involves hard work, long hours and total responsibility to set up sth: thnh lờp, hỡnh thnh nờn mt cỏi gỹ = to start sth = to create sth = to establish sth = to found sth = to initiate sth Nowadays, it is easy to set up a company The internet provides a global marketplace global (a): ton cổu = worldwide = comprehensive = international = universal = overall Self-employment offers greater freedom than working for a company freedom (n): s t = independence = privilege However, there are risks to starting a new business risk (n): liữu lnh, ri ro to take risks to sth: liữu lnh lm iữu gỹ = to run risks to sth to be at risk: gp phõi ri ro Self-employed people may face financial difficulties to face sth: i mt vi cỏi gỹ = to be faced with sth = to deal with sth 195 Many businesses fail to make a profit to make a profit: tọo li nhuờn to fail to sth: khng lm c iữu gỡ, thỗt bọi viỷc gỹ failure (n): s thỗt bọi, kú thỗt bọi There is less stability in selfemployment stability (n): s bữn vng, n nh = constancy = firmness = adherence = permanence = solidity There are no benefits like pensions, sick pay and holiday pay sick pay: phổn lng vộn c nhờn nghỵ m holiday pay: phổn lng vộn c nhờn nghỵ ự i du lch Self-employment involves hard work, long hours and total responsibility involve (v): bao gm = contain = include = cover = hold Unemployment Unemployment is a big problem for individuals, communities and the society Some people are unable to find a job They may not have the sufficient level of education or qualifications They may find themselves homeless Unemployment causes frustration and stress Jobless people may become involved in crime as a means to get money The unemployed need career advice Governments need to provide vocational courses and retraining 196 Unemployment is a big problem for individuals, communities and the society unemployment (n): s thỗt nghiỷp rate of unemployment: tỵ lỷ thỗt nghiỷp temporary unemployment: thỗt nghiỷp tọm thi unemployment benefit: tr cỗp thỗt nghiỷp Some people are unable to find a job to be unable to sth: khụng thự lm iữu gỡ >< to be able to sth: cú thự lm iữu gỹ They may not have the sufficient level of education or qualifications qualifications (n): trỹnh chuyờn mụn, khõ nởng chuyửn mn = ability = aptitude They may find themselves homeless homeless (a): khụng cú nh ca, vụ gia c - to find sb/sth + adj: thỗy rỡng ai/cỏi gỡ nh thứ no to find themselves homeless: nhõn rỡng mỡnh khụng cú nh ca, v gia c Unemployment causes frustration and stress frustration (n): s thỗt bọi, tõm trọng thỗt vng = disappointment = annoyance = dissatisfaction Jobless people may become involved in crime as a means to get money to be involved in sth: liửn quan ứn, dýnh lýu ứn iữu gỹ = to be engaged in sth 197 - jobless (a): khụng cú nghữ nghiỷp, khụng cú viỷc lm = unemployed The unemployed need career advice career (n): nghữ nghiỷp, s nghiỷp to choose a career: chn la nghữ nghiỷp career advice: t vỗn nghữ nghiỷp Governments need to provide vocational courses and retraining vocational (a): liửn quan ứn nghữ nghiỷp = occupational vocational course: khúa hc vữ nghữ nghiỷp, o tọo nghữ nghiỷp vocational guidance: hng dộn vữ nghữ nghiỷp vocational school: trng dọy nghữ Unemployment Benefits: Positives Some governments pay unemployment benefits in order to help jobless people Unemployed people need financial support until they find a new job By claiming benefits, they can continue to pay for their major life expenses The benefits system helps to reduce poverty, homelessness and crime Some governments pay unemployment benefits in order to help jobless people - Unemployed people need financial support until they find a new job benefit (n): li ớch, tr cỗp, phỳc li unemployment benefits: tr cỗp thỗt nghiỷp maternity benefits: tr cỗp thai sõn medical benefit: phỳc li y tứ financial (a): thuc vữ ti chớnh, liờn quan ứn ti chớnh 198 = fiscal finance (n): ti chớnh fiscal year: nởm ti chýnh - By claiming benefits, they can continue to pay for their major life expenses claim (v): thỵnh cổu, i = demand = ask = assert expense (n): chi phớ life expenses: chi phớ sng, chi phớ sinh hoọt = living expenses - The benefits system helps to reduce poverty, homelessness and crime poverty (n): s nghốo nn, thỗp kộm = impoverishment = poorness >< wealthiness (n): s giu cú, thnh vng wealthy (a): giu cú, thnh vng Unemployment Benefits: Negatives Some people claim benefits rather than working They become dependent on the government They are not motivated to find a job The benefits system is a burden on tax payers All citizens should work to make a living and support themselves Receiving benefits affects peoples self-esteem Some people claim benefits rather than working A rather than B: thých cỏi A hn so vi cỏi B They become dependent on the government to be dependent on sb/sth: da dộm vo ai/cỏi gỹ = to be reliant on sb for sth 199 They are not motivated to find a job motivate (v): thc ốy, tọo ng lc ự lm iữu gỹ = stimulate = drive = galvanize = inspire = incline The benefits system is a burden on tax payers burden (n): gỏnh nng = anxiety = pressure = strain All citizens should work to make a living and support themselves make a living: kiứm sng = make money = earn money = earn a salary Receiving benefits affects peoples self-esteem self-esteem: lũng t trng = pride = dignity = self-respect - affect (v): õnh hng, tỏc ng = influence = disturb Work/Life Balance It is important to achieve a balance between work time and leisure or family time Too much work can result in stress and poor health Workaholics may neglect their families and friends People need to take regular holidays Companies should expect employees to work overtime Nowadays, many people work part-time or have flexible working hours 200 Technology allows people to work from home, telecommuting is possible Many companies provide childcare facilities Striking a balance between a good life and a good work can raise job satisfaction Happy, healthy workers are more productive It is important to achieve a balance between work time and leisure or family time balance (n): s cõn bỡng = equilibrium = equity = harmony a balance between A and B: s cõn bỡng gia cỏi A v cỏi B Too much work can result in stress and poor health to result in sth: gồy cỏi gỹ , dộn ứn cỏi gỹ = to lead to sth = to account for sth >< to result from sth: xõy l vỹ iữu gỡ Workaholics may neglect their families and friends neglect (v): lóng, th = to be indifferent = disregard = ignore = spurn People need to take regular holidays to take a holiday: i nghỵ, i du lch = to go on holiday = to go on vacation Companies should expect employees to work overtime overtime (adv/a): thờm gi, quỏ gi to work overtime: lm thờm gi, tởng ca overtime pay: phổn lng trõ cho 201 viỷc lm thờm gi Nowadays, many people work parttime or have flexible working hours part-time (adv): bỏn thi gian >< full-time (adv): ton thi gian work part-time: lm viỷc bỏn thi gian work full-time: lm viỷc ton thi gian Technology allows people to work from home, telecommuting is possible to work from home: lm viỷc nh, lm viỷc t xa telecommuting (n): viỷc liờn lọc t xa, thụng tin t xa Many companies provide childcare facilities facility (n): c s vờt chỗt, iữu kiỷn thuờn tiỷn childcare facilities: nhng phng tiỷn, c s vờt chỗt thuờn tiỷn cho viỷc chởm sc trú em transport facilities: nhng phng tiỷn thuờn tiỷn cho viỷc vờn chuyựn Striking a balance between a good life and a good work can raise job satisfaction to strike a balance between A and B: tỡm cỏch ự cõn bỡng gia A v B satisfaction (n): s hi lũng, s tha mói to be satisfied with sth: cõm thỗy hi lũng vữ iữu gỹ = to be pleased with sth to be dissatisfied with sth: cõm thỗy khụng hi lũng, bỗt vữ iữu gỹ Happy, healthy workers are more productive productive (a): c nởng suỗt, cú hiỷu quõ production (n): viỷc sõn xuỗt 202 produce (v): sõn xuỗt producer (n): nh sõn xuỗt Technology and Work The internet, fax and mobile phone technologies have revolutionized working life Workers can communicate via email, online networks and video conferencing Technology can connect workers in different countries from around the world It gives people more freedom It can also save time, energy and money Some people believe that offices could disappear in the future Virtual online offices may replace them The internet, fax and mobile phone technologies have revolutionized working life revolutionize (v): cỏch mọng húa, thay i hon ton = transform Workers can communicate via email, online networks and video conferencing via (prep.): thng qua, theo ng = through = by Technology can connect workers in different countries from around the world connect (v): kứt ni to connect A to/with B: kứt ni cỏi A vi cỏi B = to combine sth = to link A with B = to join sth It gives people more freedom to give sb sth: trao cho cỏi gỹ = to offer sb sth = to grant sb sth 203 It can also save time, energy and money save (v): tiứt kiỷm = economize = spare (v): ự dnh Some people believe that offices could disappear in the future disappear (v): biứn mỗt = vanish = dissipate >< appear (v): xuỗt hiỷn = show up = turn up = come into sight = present Virtual online offices may replace them replace (v): thay thứ = take the place of sth = put sth in place of sth = take over sth Child Labor In some countries, children are exploited They boring and repetitive jobs for very low pay Children are often used in agriculture and factory work The employment of children is prohibited in other countries Many people think that children should be free to enjoy their childhood Governments should make education a priority They should build new schools They should supply the necessary resources to educate children Children need to be given the knowledge and skills for adult life In some countries, children are exploited exploit (v): khai thỏc, búc lt, li dng = take advantage of sth = misuse = abuse = profit from/by sth = utilize 204 They boring and repetitive jobs for very low pay - Children are often used in agriculture and factory work repetitive (a): lp i lp lọi = repetitious = repeated factory (n): nh mỏy, xng = manufacturing plant The employment of children is prohibited in other countries prohibit (v): cỗm = make impossible = ban = forbid = impede = outlaw = restrict Many people think that children should be free to enjoy their childhood childhood (n): tui th motherhood (n): tỡnh mộu t fatherhood (n): tỡnh ph t brotherhood (n): tỡnh anh em sisterhood (n): tỡnh ch em neighborhood (n): tỡnh lng xúm, khu vc hng xúm Governments should make education a priority priority (n): u tiửn to make sth a priority: u tiửn cỏi gỹ They should build new schools build (v): xõy dng = construct = form = set up 205 They should supply the necessary resources to educate children to supply sth to sb: cung cỗp cỏi gỹ cho = to provide sth to/for sb educate (v): giỏo dc = cultivate = enlighten = tutor = instruct = train Children need to be given the knowledge and skills for adult life adult (n): ngi ln, ngi trng thnh adult (a): trng thnh = grownup 206 - The end - www.ielts-fighter.com 207 ... stream chia sẻ IELTS täi fanpage IELTS Fighter  Theo dõi täi: https://www.facebook.com /ielts. fighter/ Lịch khai giâng täi IELTS Fighter  Xem chi tiøt: https://goo.gl/f8E7yW IELTS Fighter – trung... cho mċt thi Viøt IELTS Cơtrích läi độn sau đù em hiùu rĄ hėn tỉm quan trąng cĎa Ideas nhé: Chính vêy mà thỉy täi IELTS Fighter chung tay cČng biên sộn cuĈn sách Ideas for IELTS topics đù giúp em... TP Hć Chí Mình Website: http:/ /ielts- fighter. com Fanpage: https://www.facebook.com /ielts. fighter Lời nói đỉu: Các em thân møn, Trong cuĈn IELTS Writing task IELTS Fighter biên sộn thỉy cĆ dành
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