Visual vocabulary resources grade 4

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Grade Contents Unit Unit Week Key Vocabulary Function Words and Phrases Basic Words .11 Week Key Vocabulary 13 Function Words and Phrases 19 Basic Words 23 Week Key Vocabulary 25 Function Words and Phrases 29 Basic Words 33 Week Key Vocabulary 35 Function Words and Phrases 41 Basic Words 45 Week Key Vocabulary 47 Function Words and Phrases 53 Basic Words 57 Week Key Vocabulary 179 Function Words and Phrases 185 Basic Words 189 Week Key Vocabulary 191 Function Words and Phrases 197 Basic Words 201 Week Key Vocabulary 203 Function Words and Phrases 209 Basic Words 213 Week Key Vocabulary 215 Function Words and Phrases 221 Basic Words 225 Week Key Vocabulary 227 Function Words and Phrases 233 Basic Words 237 Unit Unit Week Key Vocabulary 59 Function Words and Phrases 65 Basic Words 69 Week Key Vocabulary 71 Function Words and Phrases 77 Basic Words 81 Week Key Vocabulary 83 Function Words and Phrases 89 Basic Words 93 Week Key Vocabulary 95 Function Words and Phrases 101 Basic Words 105 Week Key Vocabulary 107 Function Words and Phrases 113 Basic Words 117 Week Key Vocabulary 239 Function Words and Phrases 245 Basic Words 249 Week Key Vocabulary 251 Function Words and Phrases 257 Basic Words 261 Week Key Vocabulary 263 Function Words and Phrases 269 Basic Words 273 Week Key Vocabulary 275 Function Words and Phrases 281 Basic Words 285 Week Key Vocabulary 287 Function Words and Phrases 293 Basic Words 297 Unit Unit Week Key Vocabulary 119 Function Words and Phrases 125 Basic Words 129 Week Key Vocabulary 131 Function Words and Phrases 137 Basic Words 141 Week Key Vocabulary 143 Function Words and Phrases 149 Basic Words 153 Week Key Vocabulary 155 Function Words and Phrases 161 Basic Words 165 Week Key Vocabulary 167 Function Words and Phrases 173 Basic Words 177 Week Key Vocabulary 299 Function Words and Phrases 305 Basic Words 309 Week Key Vocabulary 311 Function Words and Phrases 317 Basic Words 321 Week Key Vocabulary 323 Function Words and Phrases 329 Basic Words 333 Week Key Vocabulary 335 Function Words and Phrases 341 Basic Words 345 Week Key Vocabulary 347 Function Words and Phrases 353 Basic Words 357 English Language Development Vocabulary 358A How to Use this Book Visual Vocabulary Resources—A New Classroom Resource Purpose and Use The Visual Vocabulary Resources book provides teachers using the Macmillan/McGraw-Hill California Treasures reading program photo-word cards that visually introduce specific vocabulary from the program The photos are intended to preteach vocabulary to English learners and Approaching Level students, as well as offer additional, meaningful language and concept support to these students The photo-word cards are designed to interrelate with the English Learners and Approaching Small Groups lessons and the English Learner Resource lessons, all of which are designed to support the EL and struggling reader population The Visual Vocabulary Resources book is referenced specifically in those lessons Key Unit Vocabulary Words Vocab Wee ulary k2 M ight y Jack ie: Th e Strik e-ou t Qu een In the first half of the book, the photo-word cards support three categories of vocabulary in the core reading program: Key Vocabulary These are the Key Words as introduced to the entire class in the core vocabulary lesson and core selection Students of all levels of language acquisition are taught these words: Beginning, Early Intermediate, Intermediate, and Early Advanced Function Words and Phrases These are idioms, adverbs, two-word verbs, and other words and phrases of particular use to English learners Function Words and Phrases are also drawn from the core selection, but will not be taught to the whole group as part of the core lesson Students of all levels of language acquisition are taught these words: Beginning, Early Intermediate, Intermediate, and Early Advanced Basic Words These words are chosen from the core selection, to fit a specific thematic category that will help EL learners increase their depth of vocabulary These words are not singled out for instruction to the whole group Only students at the Beginning and Early Intermediate levels of language acquisition are taught these words d1 Wor d2 Basic Words Unit Week My Diary: From Here to There A4V VR _C A_U 2W 2_R D 10_k ey.indd bus station, airplane, freight train, escalator, car, packing boxes lege mutt ered 71 bus station escalator The second half of the book supports the vocabulary presented in the English Language Development component of the California Treasures reading program The ELD Vocabulary presented is selected from the weekly Skill-Based English Learners Practice Reader In the place of the Basic Words categories, there are Content Words drawn from ELD Content Book selections Wor ROUTINE airplane freight train car packing boxes Function Words and Phrases Word muffle a laugh Unit Week Ranita, the Frog Princess Display the card Define each word in English, referring to the photograph Incorporate actions where appropriate Have children say the word three times Explain how these six words fit into a group, or category During independent work time, have children write sentences for each word 11 © MacMillan McGraw-Hill • photo credits: (tl) © Photodisc/Getty Images (tc) © Ilene MacDonald/Alamy Images (tr) © Donovan Reese/Photodisc/Getty Images (bl) © Steve Cole/Photodisc/Getty Images (bm) © Polka Dot Images/PunchStock (br) © C Squared Studios/Photodisc/Getty Images Structure of Book The Key Vocabulary and Function Words and Phrases sections both have two photos on each right-hand page Each photo represents one vocabulary word The teacher script is located on the back of each card directly behind its accompanying photo The Basic Words section shows six photos per page, followed by a teacher routine The ELD Content Words section mimics this format with to words per page Teacher Scripts The lessons found on the Key Vocabulary, Function Words and Phrases, and ELD Vocabulary sections are interactive in approach They define the vocabulary words in English and Spanish, point out cognates (where appropriate), and provide strategies to get students talking and using the new language as much as possible; for example students: • • • • • chorally pronounce the word to focus on articulation partner talk with structured sentence frames to use the word in oral speech role-play to make the word come to life and use in everyday situations connect the word to known words and phrases through sentence replacement activities engage in movement activities to experience the word’s meaning The techniques make instruction engaging and memorable for students These low-risk ways to practice speaking help students make connections and develop understanding as they acquire vocabulary iv Word roll eyes ndar y Key Vocabulary Word opportunities Unit Week My Diary: From Here to There Word border Key Vocabulary Word opportunities Unit Week My Diary: From Here to There TEACHER TALK Point to the Word image on the opposite side One word in the selection is opportunities Say it with me: opportunities Opportunities are chances to become successful or achieve a goal If you are a new student, joining a club or a team will give you opportunities to meet new friends En español, opportunities quiere decir “oportunidades, una buena ocasión para hacer algo.” Una oportunidad es el momento perfecto para alcanzar una meta o tener éxito Si eres un nuevo estudiante, participar en una organización o deporte te da la oportunidad de hacer nuevas amistades Opportunities in English and oportunidades in Spanish are cognates They sound almost the same and mean the same thing in both languages Key Vocabulary TEACHER TALK Point to the Word image on the opposite side Another word in the selection is border Say it with me: border A border is a line that separates one country from another When you travel from the United States to Canada or Mexico, you are crossing a border En español, border quiere decir “una frontera o límite, la línea que separa dos países o naciones.” Cuando uno viaja de Estados Unidos a Canadá o a México, uno cruza una frontera Now let’s look at a picture that demonstrates the word border (Point to the Mexico border in the photo.) This is the border between the United States and Mexico The people in these cars are waiting in line to cross from the United States into Mexico A guard at the border might ask the people questions such as, “Where are you from?” and “How long you plan to stay in Mexico?” © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill • photo credits: (t) © Pixland/PunchStock (b) © Royalty-Free/Corbis PARTNER TALK Now let’s look at a picture that demonstrates the word opportunities These students are reading books Reading gives you opportunities to learn about people, places, and things that interest you Even if you can’t meet the people, travel to the places, or the things you read about, you can still experience them through books Turn to your partner and talk about what opportunities you have when you visit a library Share your answers with the class (I can use the computers I can research.) Work with your partner to use the word opportunities in a sentence Use the sentence frame: Some opportunities I hope to have in school this year are Now let’s say opportunities together three more times: opportunities, opportunities, opportunities Word border MOVEMENT Let’s pretend our classroom is divided into two countries I’m going to draw a line on the floor with my chalk to show where the border is Now let’s line up and take turns crossing the border Let’s cross the border again This time, I’m going to say, “Welcome What is your name? Where are you from?” Answer my questions Then step over the line to cross the border Now let’s say border together three more times: border, border, border Key Vocabulary Word unions Word strikes Unit Week My Diary: From Here to There Key Vocabulary Word unions Unit Week My Diary: From Here to There TEACHER TALK Point to the Word image on the opposite side Another word in the selection is unions Say it with me: unions Unions are groups of people who work together to support a common interest Many kinds of jobs have unions to support their workers The unions try to make the jobs better, safer, and fair for all workers En español, unions quiere decir “sindicatos, o grupos de personas que trabajan juntos un mismo fin.” Muchas ocupaciones tienen sindicatos para apoyar a sus trabajadores Los sindicatos intentan hacer las condiciones laborales de sus miembros mejores, más seguras y más justas Now let’s look at a picture that demonstrates the word unions (Point to the students joining hands.) These students are forming a union They are joining hands to show that they are connected and will all work together and support each other Key Vocabulary TEACHER TALK Point to the Word image on the opposite side Another word in the selection is strikes Say it with me: strikes Strikes happen when workers stop working to show that they disagree with their employers and want better treatment En español, strikes quiere decir “una huelga, un paro voluntario de trabajo.” Las huelgas ocurren cuando los trabajadores paran de trabajar para demonstrar que estan en desacuerdo sus empleadores y desean mejor trato Now let’s look at a picture that demonstrates the word strikes (Point to the workers holding picket signs.) These workers are on strike They are holding signs outside their workplace to show that they will not return to work until working conditions change or improve © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill • photo credits: (t) © Photo and Co/Taxi/Getty Images (b) © Andrew Resek/Macmillan/McGraw-Hill PARTNER TALK Turn to your partner and talk about what things you would work for if you could form a union for students in your school (Examples include: computers in every classroom, longer lunches, more books in the library) Share your responses with the class Work with your partner to complete this sentence frame: Unions are like teams because Now let’s say unions together three more times: unions, unions, unions Word strikes PARTNER TALK Talk with a partner about whether you would join a strike if you were an employee Explain why or why not (Yes, because I would want to support the other workers and make my workplace better No, because I need to get paid to support my family.) With your partner, make a list of reasons why workers might hold strikes Share your reasons with the class Now let’s say strikes together three more times: strikes, strikes, strikes Key Vocabulary Word boycotts Unit Week My Diary: From Here to There Word citizen Key Vocabulary Word boycotts Unit Week My Diary: From Here to There TEACHER TALK Point to the Word image on the opposite side Another word in the selection is boycotts Say it with me: boycotts When a person boycotts something, he or she refuses to buy or use a product as a form of protest The person may disagree with the way it is made or the values of the people who make the product En español, boycotts quiere decir “boicots, negarse a comprar de una persona o una empresa la que se está en desacuerdo.” La persona que lleva acabo el boicot puede estar en desacuerdo la manera en la que se fabrica el producto o los valores de las personas que lo fabrican Boycotts in English and boicots in Spanish are cognates They sound almost the same and mean the same thing in both languages PARTNER TALK Now let’s look at a picture that demonstrates the word boycotts (Point to the man standing on the right.) This man boycotts an oil company He thinks the company is harming the environment Talk with a partner about other reasons people might have for boycotting Share your responses with another pair of students With your partner, talk about foods you would boycott if you were trying to eat healthfully (Examples include: chips, french fries, candy, cookies, soda) Share your responses with the class Now let’s say boycotts together three more times: boycotts, boycotts, boycotts Key Vocabulary Word TEACHER TALK Point to the Word image on the opposite side Another word in the selection is citizen Say it with me: citizen A citizen is a person who is a member of a country En español, citizen quiere decir “una persona que vive y es miembro de un país, ciudadano.” Un ciudadano tiene deberes y derechos políticos Citizen in English and ciudadano in Spanish are cognates They sound almost the same and mean the same thing in both languages Now let’s look at a picture that demonstrates the word citizen (Point to the students saluting the flag.) These students are citizens of the United States They are saying the Pledge of Allegiance to show that they are loyal to their country citizen PARTNER TALK Let’s name some rights and freedoms that citizens of the United States have (Examples include: the right to vote, freedom of speech, freedom of religion) With your partner, complete this sentence frame: Being a good citizen means Now let’s say citizen together three more times: citizen, citizen, citizen © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill • photo credits: (t) © Don Gray/Photofusion Picture Library/Alamy Images (b) © Donna Day/Stone/Getty Images ELD Vocabulary Words Word masses Unit Week Twisters A ir M asses C old,D ry C ool, M oist W arm ,M oist C ool, M oist D ry, H ot W arm ,M oist Word moisture ELD Vocabulary Words Word masses Unit Week Twister TEACHER TALK Point to the Word image on the opposite side One word in the selection is masses Say it with me: masses Masses are large amounts of something grouped together Air masses are large amounts of air that move together En español, masses quiere decir “cantidades grandes de algo agrupado, masas.” Masas de aire son conjuntos grandes de aire que se mueve junto Now let’s look at a picture that demonstrates the word masses (Point to the diagram.) This diagram shows different kinds of air masses These masses, or large amounts of air, are different from each other and bring different kinds of weather ELD Vocabulary Words TEACHER TALK Point to the Word image on the opposite side Another word in the selection is moisture Say it with me: moisture Moisture means “water in the air or on the surface of things.” Fog is moisture in the air that you can see En español, moisture quiere decir “la cantidad de agua en el aire o en la superficie de algo, humedad.” La neblina es humedad en el aire que puedes ver Now let’s look at a picture that demonstrates the word moisture (Point out the moisture on the window.) This picture shows moisture on a window The window is covered with tiny drops of water This moisture blocks the view 576 © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill • photo credits: (t) © The McGraw-Hill Companies (b) © Photo Alto/PunchStock MOVEMENT Masses are large groups of things Let’s stand in a mass in the front of the room Now let’s form some air masses I’m going to divide you into groups of different kinds of air (Divide students into cold, hot, dry, and moist groups.) I’m going to call two groups at a time If I call your group, come to the front and form a mass (Call out combinations such as cold and moist, hot and dry, or cold and dry.) Now let’s say masses together three more times: masses, masses, masses Word moisture PARTNER TALK With your partner, make a list of kinds of weather when there is moisture in the air Share your list with the class (Examples include: fog, rain, snow, sleet) Describe what grass looks and feels like when it is covered in moisture (Examples include: sparkly, wet, shiny) Now let’s say moisture together three more times: moisture, moisture, moisture ELD Vocabulary Words Word outbreak Unit Week Twisters Word strike ELD Vocabulary Words Word outbreak Unit Week Twisters TEACHER TALK Point to the Word image on the opposite side One word in the selection is outbreak Say it with me: outbreak An outbreak is the sudden appearance or happening of something When dust filled the room, there was an outbreak of sneezing En español, outbreak quiere decir “la aparición u ocurrencia repentina de algo, estallido.” Cuando polvo inundó el salón, hubo un estallido de estornudos Now let’s look at a picture that demonstrates the word outbreak (Point to the students holding facial tissues.) These students are sick There has been an outbreak of a cold at school ELD Vocabulary Words TEACHER TALK Point to the Word image on the opposite side Another word in the selection is strike Say it with me: strike To strike is to hit You can use a hammer to strike a nail En español, to strike quiere decir “pegar fuerza.” Puedes usar un martillo para pegarle fuerza a un clavo Now let’s look at a picture that demonstrates the word strike (Point out the lightning strike.) This picture shows a lightning strike The lightning is hitting the ground 578 © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill • photo credits: (t) © Somos/Veer/Getty Images (b) © Brand X Pictures/PunchStock MOVEMENT Let’s act out as we were the students in this picture Show me what it would look like if there was an outbreak of coughing and sneezing in our classroom Now imagine you just saw or heard something funny Let’s have an outbreak of laughter Now let’s say outbreak together three more times: outbreak, outbreak, outbreak Word strike MOVEMENT Act out that you are playing baseball Show me how you would strike the ball Now let’s act like we’re lightning bolts Raise an arm high over your head Then strike the ground Make the sound of crackling lightning as you so Now let’s say strike together three more times: strike, strike, strike ELD Content Words Unit Week Circuits + - path, battery, wires, switch, loop, connectors Flow of electricity Battery 12 On-off switch path battery wires switch loop connectors ROUTINE Display the card Define each word in English, referring to the photograph Incorporate actions where appropriate Have children say the word three times Explain how these six words fit into a group, or category During independent work time, have children write sentences for each word 579 © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill • photo credits: (tl) © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill (tc) © Jacques Cornell/Macmillan/McGraw-Hill (tr) © Nick Koudis/Getty Images (bl) © Brand X Pictures/PunchStock (bm) © Perry Mastrovito/Corbis (br) © Cindy Schroeder/Macmillan/McGraw-Hill ELD Vocabulary Words Word circuit Unit Week A Great Inventor Word experiment ELD Vocabulary Words Word circuit Unit Week A Great Inventor TEACHER TALK Point to the Word image on the opposite side One word in the selection is circuit Say it with me: circuit A circuit is the path of an electric current Christmas tree lights run on a circuit En español, circuit quiere decir “el camino de una corriente eléctrica, un circuito.” Las luces de un árbol navideño corren en un circuito Circuit in English and circuito in Spanish are cognates They sound almost the same and mean the same thing in both languages Now let’s look at a picture that demonstrates the word circuit (Point out the battery and wires in the circuit.) This photograph shows a parallel circuit Energy flows from the battery through the path which is made of two paths, one for each bulb of the circuit that has the connected bulb ELD Vocabulary Words TEACHER TALK Point to the Word image on the opposite side Another word in the selection is experiment Say it with me: experiment Experiment means “to try or test something.” We experiment in science class to test ideas En español, to experiment quiere decir “probar o examinar algo, experimentar.” Experimentamos en la clase de ciencias para probar diferentes ideas To experiment in English and experimentar in Spanish are cognates They sound almost the same and mean the same thing in both languages These students are experimenting in science class They are testing what happens when different liquids are mixed together 582 © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill • photo credits: (t) © Ken Cavanagh/Macmillan/McGraw-Hill (b) © JLP/Jose Luis Pelaez/zefa/Corbis PARTNER TALK With your partner, draw a simple circuit like the one in the photograph Trace the path of the electricity with your finger Discuss how electricity moves through the circuit Make a list of household items that run on a circuit Think about things that you plug in (Examples include: lamps, toasters, microwaves) Now let’s say circuit together three more times: circuit, circuit, circuit Word experiment PARTNER TALK With a partner, role-play being sandwich makers Tell your partner about some new ideas you might experiment with to create a new, delicious sandwich What is something you would like to improve? Talk with a partner about some things you could experiment with to make it better Now let’s say experiment together three more times: experiment, experiment, experiment ELD Vocabulary Words Word invention Unit Week A Great Inventor Word signals ELD Vocabulary Words Word invention Unit Week A Great Inventor TEACHER TALK Point to the Word image on the opposite side One word in the selection is invention Say it with me: invention An invention is a new product or way of doing something that did not exist before The telephone was an invention that changed the way people communicated En español, invention quiere decir “un producto nuevo que antes no existía, un invento.” El teléfono fue un invento que cambió la manera en que las personas se comunicaban Invention in English and invento in Spanish are cognates They sound almost the same and mean the same thing in both languages Now let’s look at a picture that demonstrates the word invention (Point to the light bulb.) The light bulb was an important invention It brought electric light into people’s homes ELD Vocabulary Words TEACHER TALK Point to the Word image on the opposite side Another word in the selection is signals Say it with me: signals Signals are messages that are sent and, when they are recieved, are turned into sounds or images Televisions must receive signals to work If they not, no images can be seen En español, signals quiere decir “mensajes que so enviados y, al ser recibidos, son cambiados a sonido o imágenes; señales.” Los televisores tienen que recibir la señal para poder fucionar Si no, no se ven las imágenes Signal in English and señal in Spanish are cognates They sound almost the same and mean the same thing in both languages Now let’s look at a picture that demonstrates the word signals (Point out the police car.) The flashing light and siren are signals that the police car is in a hurry 584 © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill • photo credits: (t) © Image Source Ltd/age fotostock (b) © Brand X Pictures/PunchStock PARTNER TALK With your partner, make a list of what you think the top three most important inventions are Then share your list with the class We’ll see which invention most of us think is most important Think about something students your age need help with What kind of invention could you make to help solve the problem? Share your ideas with your partner Now let’s say invention together three more times: invention, invention, invention Word signals PARTNER TALK With your partner, make a list of some things we use in our everyday life that need signals to work (Examples include: televisions, cell phones, radios, remote controls) Work with a partner to complete this sentence: The ballplayers send signals to each other to Now let’s say signals together three more times: signals, signals, signals ELD Vocabulary Words Unit Week A Great Inventor Word source ELD Vocabulary Words Word source Unit Week A Great Inventor TEACHER TALK Point to the Word image on the opposite side One word in the selection is source Say it with me: source A source is where something begins or comes from The source of the smell was an old banana peel in the trash can En español, source quiere decir “de donde comienza o proviene algo, el origen o la fuente de algo.” El origen del olor era un cáscara de plátano vieja en la basura Now let’s look at a picture that demonstrates the word source (Point to the fire.) Fire is a source of heat and light Heat from a fire cooks the food in the pot Light from the fire provides a glow in the evening 586 © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill • photo credits: (t) © Dex Image/Corbis PARTNER TALK Think about research projects you have done What are some sources of information you have used? Tell a partner (Examples include: the Internet, reference books, other people) Imagine that you don’t have electricity Tell a partner about some other sources of light you could use (Examples include: flashlights, matches, candle, sunlight) Now let’s say source together three more times: source, source, source ELD Content Words Unit Week Electromagnets current, flows, coil, generators, loudspeakers, vibrates current flows coil generators loudspeakers vibrates ROUTINE Display the card Define each word in English, referring to the photograph Incorporate actions where appropriate Have children say the word three times Explain how these six words fit into a group, or category During independent work time, have children write sentences for each word Point out the following cognates: corriente, generadores, vibrar © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill • photo credits: (tl) © Don Farrall/Getty Images (tc) © Photo by Ron Nichols, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (tr) © Ken Cavanagh/Macmillan/McGraw-Hill (bl) © Russell Illig/Getty Images (bm) © Thinkstock Images/Jupiterimages (br) © ImageState/Alamy Images 587 ... 357 English Language Development Vocabulary 358A How to Use this Book Visual Vocabulary Resources A New Classroom Resource Purpose and Use The Visual Vocabulary Resources book provides teachers... Key Vocabulary 35 Function Words and Phrases 41 Basic Words 45 Week Key Vocabulary 47 Function Words and Phrases 53 Basic Words 57 Week Key Vocabulary. .. 329 Basic Words 333 Week Key Vocabulary 335 Function Words and Phrases 341 Basic Words 345 Week Key Vocabulary 347 Function Words and Phrases 353
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