Grammar and writing practice book grade 4 TM 180p

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Because of Winn-Dixie Name DEVELOP THE CONCEPT PROOFREAD Declarative and Interrogative Sentences A sentence is a group of words that expresses a complete thought A sentence begins with a capital letter A sentence that tells something is a declarative sentence A declarative sentence ends with a period A sentence that asks a question is an interrogative sentence An interrogative sentence ends with a question mark Declarative Sentence Florida was once a wild place Interrogative Sentence Have you ever seen a bear? Directions Read each sentence and add the correct end punctuation Then write whether each sentence is declarative or interrogative In the old days, many people lived on farms declarative Wild animals roamed through the forests declarative Were the woods full of bears in those days ? interrogative Directions Change each sentence to the kind named in ( ) Write the new sentence Grandpa likes telling stories (interrogative) Does Grandpa like telling stories? Are his stories always true? (declarative) © Pearson Education His stories are always true Home Activity Your child learned about declarative and interrogative sentences Have your child write two declarative and two interrogative sentences about something he or she did today Grammar and Writing Practice Book Unit Week Day Because of Winn-Dixie Name APPLY TO WRITING Declarative and Interrogative Sentences Directions Read the interrogative sentences Then use your own ideas to write a declarative sentence that answers each question Possible answers: Question Why is it hard to move to a new place? You don’t have any friends in a new place Answer Question Where would be a good place to make new friends? You can make friends at school Answer Question What kind of pet might make a good friend? A dog might be a good friend Question: What is a good way to make friends? You can ask people Answer if they want to play with you Answer Directions Read the answers in the interview with Opal from Because of Winn-Dixie Then write the questions you think she might be answering Possible answers: Question Answer At first I felt really lonely Question Did you have any friends? No, I didn’t know anyone Question What did you do? I spent a lot of time in the library Home Activity Your child learned how to use declarative and interrogative sentences in writing Have your child ask a member of the family three questions and write down the questions and answers in interview form Unit Week Day Grammar and Writing Practice Book © Pearson Education Answer Answer How did you feel when you first moved to Florida? Because of Winn-Dixie Name TESTPROOFREAD PREPARATION Declarative and Interrogative Sentences Directions For each item, mark the letter of the word or the word and punctuation mark that complete each sentence You have to be quiet in a A library B library? C library D Library Do you like adventure A stories B stories C stories? D Stories many books did you get? A Who B how C How? D How get a library card? A Can I B I can C I can? D can I Directions For each item, mark the letter of the declarative or interrogative sentence that is correctly written A Why is his name Winn-Dixie B Isn’t that the name of a store C It’s a funny name for a dog D Does he know his name A Our dog can shake hands B Does he come when you call C can he catch a ball? D I’m teaching him to sit A Was your dog a stray? B a stray has no home C Can I adopt one D Where did he come from A The pound has many animals B Are they all puppies C Would you like one as a pet? D some ran away from home? 10 A Dogs are fun B They make good friends C Dogs are part of the family? D you have a dog? © Pearson Education A Are pets allowed in the library B I’ll leave my dog outside? C he is very well behaved D Do I hear him barking? Home Activity Your child prepared for taking tests on declarative and interrogative sentences Say declarative or interrogative and have your child say a sentence of the correct kind Grammar and Writing Practice Book Unit Week Day Because of Winn-Dixie Name CUMULATIVE REVIEW Declarative and Interrogative Sentences Directions Write D if the sentence is declarative Write I if the sentence is interrogative D I I D Opal loved to visit the library What did her dog do? Did Opal have any friends? She made friends with the librarian Directions Make each word group into a sentence by writing it with correct capitalization and punctuation Write D if the sentence is declarative Write I if the sentence is interrogative a bear once visited the library A bear once visited the library D it walked through the open door It walked through the open door D what did the librarian What did the librarian do? I would you have run away Would you have run away? I Directions Change each sentence to the kind named in ( ) Write the new sentence The dog looks like a bear (interrogative) Does the dog look like a bear? 10 Are bears dangerous? (declarative) Bears are dangerous 11 An amazing story is called a tall tale (interrogative) 12 Did the librarian tell a tall tale? (declarative) The librarian told a tall tale Home Activity Your child reviewed declarative and interrogative sentences Read a newspaper article together Have your child identify declarative and interrogative sentences in the article Unit Week Day Grammar and Writing Practice Book © Pearson Education Is an amazing story called a tall tale? Lewis and Clark and Me Name DEVELOP THE CONCEPT PROOFREAD Imperative and Exclamatory Sentences An imperative sentence gives a command or makes a request It usually begins with a verb and ends with a period The subject (you) is not shown An exclamatory sentence shows strong feeling or surprise It ends with an exclamation mark An interjection also shows strong feeling and ends with an exclamation mark An interjection is a word or group of words, not a complete sentence Imperative Sentence Lie down and stay Exclamatory Sentences That is a gorgeous dog! What big paws he has! Interjections Wow! Ouch! Hurray! Oh, no! Directions Read each sentence Write C if the end punctuation is correct Write NC if the end punctuation is not correct Show me your book about Lewis and Clark What an incredible journey they took Please read me the paper you wrote about their expedition! That dog was amazing! I can’t believe the number of squirrels it caught C NC NC C NC Directions Write a word or phrase that will make these sentences the kind named in ( ) Possible answers: Show What Explain © Pearson Education How 10 Don’t me the Missouri River on the map (imperative) a long river it is! (exclamatory) why Lewis and Clark went on their expedition (imperative) proud they must have been when they finished! (exclamatory) forget to finish reading your book on Lewis and Clark (imperative) Home Activity Your child learned about imperative and exclamatory sentences With your child, listen to a favorite television show and have your child identify examples of imperative and exclamatory sentences Grammar and Writing Practice Book Unit Week Day Lewis and Clark and Me Name APPLY TO WRITING Imperative and Exclamatory Sentences Directions Write an imperative sentence and an exclamatory sentence for each event going on a river trip Possible answers: Get into the boat imperative: The water is really cold! exclamatory: meeting a dog imperative: Tell her not to jump up exclamatory: What soft ears she has! looking at a map of the United States imperative: exclamatory: Show me the route of Lewis and Clark They went a long way! Directions Imagine that you are on a trip and you are writing a letter to a friend Write one imperative sentence and one exclamatory sentence that you might include in the letter imperative: Bugs bit me all night! © Pearson Education exclamatory: Please write to me soon Home Activity Your child learned how to use imperative and exclamatory sentences in writing Have your child write something he or she was told to that day as an imperative sentence Ask your child what was exciting or interesting about the day Have him or her write that as an exclamatory sentence Unit Week Day Grammar and Writing Practice Book Lewis and Clark and Me Name TESTPROOFREAD PREPARATION Imperative and Exclamatory Sentences Directions For each item, mark the letter of the answer that best completes the type of sentence in ( ) I love the way this story is told by _ (exclamatory) A a dog B a dog? C a dog D a dog! What an incredible adventure _ (exclamatory) A that was! B will we have C would you like to go on! D is that? _ the picture of Seaman swimming (imperative) A Is that B I like C Show me D What is _ that page again (imperative) A Are we reading B Please read C Will you read D How exciting to read Directions For each item, mark the letter of the imperative or exclamatory sentence that is correctly written A Tell me about Sacagawea! B She was incredibly young! C Show me her picture! D That’s an amazing story? A Go get those squirrels B Bring them back to the boat C Wow! They taste wonderful D Give the dog some? A Explain who York was B It’s terrible that he was a slave? C What a brave man he was D Find out more about him! © Pearson Education A Fetch, Seaman? B Please sell me your dog! C Tell me his name D That’s a great trick Home Activity Your child prepared for taking tests on imperative and exclamatory sentences Ask your child to write an example of each kind of sentence and to explain what makes it imperative or exclamatory Grammar and Writing Practice Book Unit Week Day Lewis and Clark and Me Name CUMULATIVE REVIEW Imperative and Exclamatory Sentences Directions Write E if the sentence is exclamatory Write I if the sentence is imperative I I E I E Don’t let the dog jump into the river Lend me a hand with this boat We’ve got to save the missing people! Make sure you keep away from the shore Seaman is a hero! Directions Make each word group into an imperative or exclamatory sentence by writing it with correct capitalization and punctuation Identify imperative sentences with I and exclamatory sentences with E make room in the boat Make room in the boat I what a crowd there was on the wharf What a crowd there was on the wharf! E ask sacagawea which of these plants we should eat Ask Sacagawea which of these plants we should eat I those plants will poison you Those plants will poison you! E 10 give me that dog for these beaver skins Give me that dog for these beaver skins I Directions Write the type of sentence named in ( ) for each event 11 leading a camping trip (imperative) Possible answers: 12 sailing on the Missouri River (exclamation) I’ve never seen such a wide river! Home Activity Your child reviewed imperative and exclamatory sentences Have your child find examples of imperative and exclamatory sentences in magazines, instructions, or other printed materials in your home Unit Week Day Grammar and Writing Practice Book © Pearson Education Stay together in the woods Grandfather’s Journey Name DEVELOP THE CONCEPT PROOFREAD Subjects and Predicates Every sentence has a subject and a predicate The subject is the part of the sentence that tells whom or what the sentence is about All the words in the subject are called the complete subject The simple subject is the most important word in the complete subject A simple subject can be more than one word, as in United States Complete Subject The mountains in America reminded him of home Simple Subject The mountains in America reminded him of home The predicate is the part of the sentence that tells what the subject is or does All the words in the predicate are called the complete predicate The simple predicate, or verb, is the most important word in the complete predicate A simple predicate can be more than one word, as in was going Complete Predicate The mountains in America reminded him of home Simple Predicate The mountains in America reminded him of home A compound subject is made up of two or more simple subjects A compound predicate is made up of two or more simple predicates Compound Subject The forests and deserts amazed him Compound Predicate He traveled and worked in the United States Directions Look at the letters after each sentence Circle the complete subject when you see CS, the simple subject when you see SS, the complete predicate when you see CP, and the simple predicate when you see SP The United States is home to millions of people from overseas CP This nation was founded by immigrants SP © Pearson Education Many of the newcomers are from Asia CS Some become U.S citizens SS More people are arriving every day SP Home Activity Your child learned about subjects and predicates Ask your child to find sentences in a newspaper or magazine Have him or her identify the simple subject and simple predicate in each sentence Grammar and Writing Practice Book Unit Week Day Grandfather’s Journey Name APPLY TO WRITING Subjects and Predicates Directions Each pair below has a simple subject and a verb Add details to write an interesting sentence Then underline the complete subject once and the complete predicate twice Possible answers: The author’s Grandfather traveled from Japan he/met He met people from all over the country grandfather/traveled people/live Many people live in cities mother/was born we/are learning I/will visit Hanh’s mother was born in Vietnam We are learning about American history I will visit New York City next summer United States of America/is 10 Everyone/loves Everyone in my class loves the Fourth of July Home Activity Your child learned how to use subjects and predicates in writing Have your child write a sentence describing something he or she did today Ask your child to identify the complete subject and the complete predicate of the sentence 10 Unit Week Day Grammar and Writing Practice Book © Pearson Education The United States of America is a great country visitors/come Visitors from many other countries come to America Our schools teach people English schools/teach Compare and Contrast Essay WRITING WORKSHOP Name Words That Compare and Contrast Directions The words in the box signal that two things are alike or different Write two sentences that explain how your two animals are alike, using words from the box Then write two sentences that explain how your two animals are different, using words from the box Words That Signal Similarity and also too as well like Words That Signal Difference but however unlike on the other hand How the two animals are alike Answers should include specific details about the similarities and differences of the two animals being compared How the two animals are different © Pearson Education Grammar and Writing Practice Book Unit 169 UNIT WRITING WORKSHOP UNIT Compare and Contrast Essay Research Report Name Elaboration Strong Verbs Directions Replace each underlined verb with a strong verb from the box Write each new sentence barks own adopt scamper romp buy Many people have a dog or gerbil as a family pet grow Possible answers: Many people own a dog or gerbil as a family pet Dogs need more space for exercise They move around in a yard or park, but gerbils usually are in their cage Dogs need more space for exercise They romp in a yard or park, but gerbils usually scamper in their cage A dog knows when strangers approach However, a gerbil does not provide a warning A dog barks when strangers approach However, a gerbil does not provide a warning Generally, dogs grow much larger than gerbils You can get both dogs and gerbils at a pet store However, you might choose to get a dog from a local shelter You can buy both dogs and gerbils at a pet store However, you might choose to adopt a dog from a local shelter 170 Unit Grammar and Writing Practice Book © Pearson Education Generally, dogs are much larger than gerbils WRITING WORKSHOP Compare and Contrast Essay Name Self-Evaluation Guide Compare and Contrast Essay Directions Think about the final draft of your compare and contrast essay Then rate yourself on a scale from to (4 is the highest) on each writing trait After you fill out the chart, answer the questions Writing Traits Focus/Ideas Organization/Paragraphs Voice Word Choice Sentences Conventions What is the best part of your compare and contrast essay? Students’ answers should show that they have given thought to the essays they have written © Pearson Education Write one thing you would change about this compare and contrast essay if you had the chance to write it again Grammar and Writing Practice Book Unit 171 UNIT WRITING WORKSHOP UNIT Story Research Report Name Story Chart Directions Fill in the graphic organizer with information about your story Title Characters Answers should include details about students’ stories Setting Solution 172 Unit Grammar and Writing Practice Book © Pearson Education Events Story WRITING WORKSHOP Name Good Beginnings Make the beginning sentence of your story grab your readers’ attention Below are some different ways to write the beginning of a story Directions Write an attention-grabbing opening sentence (based on your characters, setting, and plot) using each idea You can use one of the sentences you write to begin your story Ask a question (What was that strange sound?) Answers should be based on the provided Use an exclamation (Eek! I heard a strange sound.) strategies and should be complete Use a sound word (Creeeaaak! The hair on the back of my neck stood up when I heard that strange sound.) sentences with correct capitalization and Hint at the ending (I had never heard a sound like that before, but who knew that I would hear it many times again.) punctuation © Pearson Education Use alliteration (The strange scraping sounded again, and I shivered.) Make a list (Pounding heart, gasping breath, dropping stomach Yes, I had all the signs of fear.) Set the scene (The clouds blocked the moon’s light It was so dark I could not see where I was walking Somewhere to my left I heard a strange scraping sound.) Grammar and Writing Practice Book Unit 173 UNIT WRITING WORKSHOP UNIT Story Research Report Name Elaboration Avoid Repetition One way to avoid repetition is to use pronouns in place of nouns or noun phrases Directions Choose an appropriate pronoun for each underlined noun or noun phrase Write the new sentence Possible answers: Cassidy said Cassidy had just finished reading a great book Cassidy said she had just finished reading a great book The new teacher told the new teacher’s class that the new teacher hoped the new teacher and the class would have a great year The new teacher told her class that she hoped they would have a great year Jason was so excited about the puppy that Jason took the puppy wherever Jason went Jason was so excited about the puppy that he took it wherever he went Kelly looked all over the house, but she couldn’t find her shoes 174 Unit Grammar and Writing Practice Book © Pearson Education Kelly looked all over the house, but Kelly couldn’t find Kelly’s shoes WRITING WORKSHOP Story UNIT Name Self-Evaluation Guide Story Directions Think about the final draft of your story Then rate yourself on a scale from to (4 is the highest) on each writing trait After you fill out the chart, answer the questions Writing Traits Focus/Ideas Organization/Paragraphs Voice Word Choice Sentences Conventions What is the best part of your story? Students’ answers should show that they have given thought to the stories they have written © Pearson Education Write one thing you would change about this story if you had the chance to write it again Grammar and Writing Practice Book Unit 175 WRITING WORKSHOP UNIT Persuasive Essay Research Report Name Persuasion Chart Directions Fill in the persuasion chart with the introduction to your argument, supporting reasons, and a conclusion Answers should include details on the introduction, supporting reasons, and conclusion Introduction: State your opinion or goals First reason Second reason © Pearson Education Third reason (most important) Conclusion 176 Unit Grammar and Writing Practice Book WRITING WORKSHOP Persuasive Essay Name Persuasive Words Directions Circle the persuasive word or words in each sentence Write your own sentence using the same persuasive word or words For number 5, write a sentence with one of the unused words from the box Possible answers: better best worse worst Persuasive Words must should most important never necessary effective need Our class must take a trip to the top of the Sears Tower Our class must go to the state capital to see government in action Students should have the opportunity to visit a large city and see skyscrapers Everyone should see the beautiful Japanese gardens at the botanical gardens The best view of the city is from the sky deck We had the best view of Old Faithful from our hotel room © Pearson Education The most important reason for visiting the Sears Tower is to learn more about urban architecture The most important site to visit in San Antonio is the Alamo Never take a trip without a camera Grammar and Writing Practice Book Unit 177 UNIT WRITING WORKSHOP UNIT Persuasive Essay Research Report Name Elaboration Powerful Adjectives Directions Write a word from the box to complete each sentence cautious dangerous foolish popular curious primary Possible answers: Yellowstone Park is one of the most America The wildlife in Yellowstone is a visit the park odorous memorable popular primary amazing undisturbed vacation spots in reason that many people amazing You can see moose, elk, bison, bear, and an other animals number of cautious dealing with these animals Remember that they can be dangerous Respect their needs for undisturbed territory curious Never chase or try to pet animals, even if they seem However, be and approach you Remember that a odorous foolish items carefully in your vacationer can get hurt 10 Keep your distance, and bring your camera to record these sights 178 Unit memorable Grammar and Writing Practice Book © Pearson Education Never feed them, and store campsite WRITING WORKSHOP Persuasive Essay Name Self-Evaluation Guide Persuasive Essay Directions Think about the final draft of your persuasive essay Then rate yourself on a scale from to (4 is the highest) on each writing trait After you fill out the chart, answer the questions Writing Traits Focus/Ideas Organization/Paragraphs Voice Word Choice Sentences Conventions What is the best part of your persuasive essay? Students’ answers should show that they have given thought to the essays they have written © Pearson Education Write one thing you would change about this persuasive essay if you had the chance to write it again Grammar and Writing Practice Book Unit 179 UNIT WRITING WORKSHOP UNIT Research Report Research Report Name K-W-L Chart Directions Fill out this K-W-L chart to help you organize your ideas Topic What I Know What I Want to Know What I Learned © Pearson Education Answers should include details about each element of the research report Controlling Question 180 Unit Grammar and Writing Practice Book Research Report WRITING WORKSHOP Name Topic and Detail Sentences Directions Decide how you will organize your paragraphs Then write a topic sentence and supporting details for each paragraph Paragraph Topic Sentence Answers should include clear topic sentences, each supported by at least Detail Sentences two detail sentences Paragraph Topic Sentence Detail Sentences Paragraph Topic Sentence © Pearson Education Detail Sentences Paragraph Topic Sentence Detail Sentences Grammar and Writing Practice Book Unit 181 UNIT WRITING WORKSHOP UNIT Research Report Research Report Name Elaboration Combine Sentences When you write, you can elaborate by combining short, choppy sentences into one longer sentence You can make compound sentences by joining sentences with the conjunctions and, but, and or You can make complex sentences by joining sentences with words such as when, because, and if Directions Use the words in ( ) to combine the sentences Remember to capitalize the first word of each new sentence and replace the first period with a comma (because) Dolphins are intelligent They learn quickly Because dolphins are intelligent, they learn quickly (and) They tricks They entertain audiences They tricks, and they entertain audiences (but) Dolphins can hear well They have no sense of smell Dolphins can hear well, but they have no sense of smell When dolphins communicate, they use a sonar system (or) See them at the aquarium You can read about them at the library See them at the aquarium, or you can read about them at the library 182 Unit Grammar and Writing Practice Book © Pearson Education (when) Dolphins communicate They use a sonar system WRITING WORKSHOP Research Report Name Self-Evaluation Guide Research Report Directions Think about the final draft of your research report Then rate yourself on a scale from to (4 is the highest) on each writing trait After you fill out the chart, answer the questions Writing Traits Focus/Ideas Organization/Paragraphs Voice Word Choice Sentences Conventions What is the best part of your research report? Students’ answers should show that they have given thought to the research reports they have written © Pearson Education Write one thing you would change about this research report if you had the chance to research or write it again Grammar and Writing Practice Book Unit 183 UNIT ... A -s B -ess C -ies D -es fine lady A - s B -ies C -s D -es near miss A -es B -es C -es’s D -s whirling rope A -s’ B -es C -s D -ies leather saddle A - s B -s C -ies D -es 10 red-hot brand A -s... tooth, wife, and sheep and have your child say and spell the plural form of each word Grammar and Writing Practice Book Unit Week Day 29 Grace and the Time Machine Name APPLY TO WRITING Irregular... that as an exclamatory sentence Unit Week Day Grammar and Writing Practice Book Lewis and Clark and Me Name TESTPROOFREAD PREPARATION Imperative and Exclamatory Sentences Directions For each
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