Investment analysis and portfolio management 8th reilly and brown chapter 19

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Lecture Presentation Software to accompany Investment Analysis and Portfolio Management Eighth Edition by Frank K Reilly & Keith C Brown Chapter 19 Chapter 19 - Bond Portfolio Management Strategies Questions to be answered: • What are the four major bond portfolio management strategies? • What are the two passive portfolio management strategies available? Chapter 19 - Bond Portfolio Management Strategies • What are the five active bond portfolio management strategies available? • What is meant by care-plus bond management and what are some plus strategies? • What is meant by matched-funding techniques, and what are the four specific strategies available in this category? Chapter 19 - Bond Portfolio Management Strategies • What are the major contingent procedure strategies that are also referred to as structured active management strategies? • What are the implications of capital market theory for those involved in bond portfolio management? Chapter 19 - Bond Portfolio Management Strategies • What is the evidence on the efficient market hypothesis as it relates to bond markets? • What are the implications of efficient market studies for bond portfolio managers? Alternative Bond Portfolio Strategies Passive portfolio strategies Active management strategies Core-plus management strategy Matched-funding techniques Contingent procedure (structured active management) Passive Portfolio Strategies • Buy and hold – A manager selects a portfolio of bonds based on the objectives and constraints of the client with the intent of holding these bonds to maturity • Indexing – The objective is to construct a portfolio of bonds that will equal the performance of a specified bond index Active Management Strategies • Interest-rate anticipation – Risky strategy relying on uncertain forecasts – Ladder strategy staggers maturities – Barbell strategy splits funds between short duration and long duration securities • Valuation analysis – The portfolio manager attempts to select bonds based on their intrinsic value • Credit analysis – Involves detailed analysis of the bond issuer to determine expected changes in its default risk Active Management Strategies • High-Yield Bond Research – Several investment houses such as Merrill Lynch, First Boston, Lehman Brothers, etc., have developed specialized high-yield groups that examine high-yield bond issues and monitor high-yield bond spreads • Yield spread analysis – Assumes normal relationships exist between the yields for bonds in alternative sectors • Bond swaps – Involve liquidating a current position and simultaneously buying a different issue in its place with similar attributes but having a chance for improved return Bond Swaps • Pure Yield Pickup Swap • Substitution Swap • Tax Swap • Swap strategies and market-efficiency – Bond swaps by their nature suggest market inefficiency A Global Fixed-Income Investment Strategy Factors to consider – The local economy in each country including the effects of domestic and international demand – The impact of total demand and domestic monetary policy on inflation and interest rates – The effect of the economy, inflation, and interest rates on the exchange rates among countries Core-Plus Bond Portfolio Management • This involves having a significant (core) part of the portfolio managed passively in a widely recognized sector such as the U.S Aggregate Sector or the U.S Government/Corporate sector • The rest of the portfolio would be managed actively in one or several additional “plus” sectors, where it is felt that there is a higher probability of achieving positive abnormal rates of return because of potential inefficiencies Matched-Funding Techniques • Dedicated Portfolios  Dedication refers to bond portfolio management techniques that are used to service a prescribed set of liabilities – Pure Cash‑Matched Dedicated Portfolios • Most conservative strategy – Dedication With Reinvestment • Cash flows not have to exactly match the liability stream Matched-Funding Techniques • Immunization Strategies – A portfolio manager (after client consultation) may decide that the optimal strategy is to immunize the portfolio from interest rate changes – The immunization techniques attempt to derive a specified rate of return during a given investment horizon regardless of what happens to market interest rates Immunization Strategies • The process intended to eliminate interest rate risk is referred to as interest rate risk • Components of Interest Rate Risk – Price Risk – Coupon Reinvestment Risk Classical Immunization • Immunization is neither a simple nor a passive strategy • An immunized portfolio requires frequent rebalancing because the modified duration of the portfolio always should be equal to the remaining time horizon (except in the case of the zero-coupon bond) Classical Immunization • Duration characteristics – Duration declines more slowly than term to maturity, assuming no change in market interest rates – Duration changes with a change in market interest rates – There is not always a parallel shift of the yield curve – Bonds with a specific duration may not be available at an acceptable price Matched-Funding Techniques • Horizon matching – Combination of cash-matching dedication and immunization – Important decision is the length of the horizon period Contingent Procedures • A form of structured active management – Constrains the manager if unsuccessful • Contingent immunization – duration of portfolio must be maintained at the horizon value – cushion spread is potential return below current market – safety margin – trigger point Implications of Capital Market Theory and the EMH on Bond Portfolio Management • Bonds and Total Portfolio Theory • Bonds and Capital Market Theory • Bond Price Behavior in a CAPM Framework • Bond-Market Efficiency The Internet Investments Online http://www.ryanalm.com http://www.cmsbondedge.com http://smithbarney.com/research/fixed_income.html http://www.smithbarney.com/products_services/fixed_in come/ http://www.bergencapital.com/research/files/LadderedPort folio.html http://www.askmerrill.ml.com/investments/ http://www.mlim.ml.com/usa/ http://www.finpipe.com End of Chapter 19 –Bond Portfolio Management Strategies Future topics Chapter 20 • An Introduction to Derivative Markets and Securities .. .Chapter 19 - Bond Portfolio Management Strategies Questions to be answered: • What are the four major bond portfolio management strategies? • What are the two passive portfolio management. .. available? Chapter 19 - Bond Portfolio Management Strategies • What are the five active bond portfolio management strategies available? • What is meant by care-plus bond management and what are... as structured active management strategies? • What are the implications of capital market theory for those involved in bond portfolio management? Chapter 19 - Bond Portfolio Management Strategies
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